United States Interest in the Resolution of the Cyprus Dispute 1

1. For previous documentation, see Foreign Relations, 1952–1954, vol. VIII, pp. 674 ff.


115. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/1–2755. Secret. Drafted by Wood, Mangano, and William L. Hamilton of the Office of British Commonwealth and Northern European Affairs. Repeated to USUN and Athens and pouched to Ankara and Nicosia.


116. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Greece

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/3–1555. Confidential. Drafted by Wood. Repeated to London and pouched to Ankara and Nicosia.


117. Memorandum of a Conversation Between Secretary of State Dulles and the Greek Ambassador (Melas), Department of State, Washington, May 25, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/5–2555. Confidential. Prepared by Wood on May 31.


119. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Greece

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/6–3055. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Allen. Repeated to London, Ankara, and Nicosia.


120. Telegram From the Embassy in France to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 474C.00/7–1655. Secret. Repeated to Athens. Dulles was in Paris en route to Geneva to attend the Geneva Conference, July 18–23.


121. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Greece

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/8–855. Secret. Drafted by Wood and Baxter. Repeated to London and USUN and pouched to Ankara and Nicosia.


122. Telegram From the Embassy in the United Kingdom to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/8–1055. Secret. Repeated to Athens and Ankara.


123. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/8–1855. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Baxter and Wood. Also sent to Ankara and Athens and pouched to USUN, USRO, and Nicosia.


124. Telegram From the Embassy in the United Kingdom to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–755. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Athens and Ankara and pouched to Nicosia.


125. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Turkey

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 782.00/9–955. Confidential. Drafted by Crain and Snyder. Repeated to Athens, London, and Paris Topol and pouched to Nicosia.


126. Telegram From the Embassy in the United Kingdom to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–955. Secret. Repeated to Athens, Ankara, and Nicosia.


127. Message From Athens

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 782C.00/9–1555. Secret; Priority.


129. Telegram From the Embassy in Greece to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.81/9–1355. Secret; Priority. Repeated to London and Ankara and pouched to Salonika.


130. Telegram From the Embassy in Greece to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 740.5/9–1655. Secret; Priority. Repeated to London, Ankara, Paris for Knight, and Rome for Maffitt.


131. Message From Foreign Secretary Macmillan to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Presidential Correspondence: Lot 66 D 204, Macmillan to Dulles Correspondence 1955–1959. Confidential. An attached note to Dulles from Macmillan reads:

“I am sending you a message about Cyprus today. I do hope you will be able to help me. I hope you have had a good holiday.”


132. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–1755. Secret; Limit Distribution. The text of the message was delivered to the British Embassy in Washington for transmittal to Macmillan.


133. Message From Foreign Secretary Macmillan to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Presidential Correspondence: Lot 66 D 204, Macmillan to Dulles Correspondence 1955–1959. Secret. An attached note from Macmillan to Dulles reads:

“Thank you for your message about Cyprus. I am sending you a long reply which gives the arguments we propose to develop. I hope you will think them, as I do, overwhelming. If the United Nations cannot debate China, nobody here will understand why they should debate Cyprus.


134. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Greece

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–2055. Confidential; Niact. Drafted by Wood, Baxter, and Jernegan. Repeated to Ankara and London and pouched to Salonika and Nicosia.


135. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Greece

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 320/9–2055. Secret; Niact; Priority. Drafted by Allen. Repeated to Ankara, Paris, London, Belgrade, and Istanbul.


136. Message From King Paul to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–2055. Top Secret. A memorandum to Dulles transmitting this message noted that it had been delivered by the King with the request that it be forwarded immediately to the Secretary. A notation on the source text indicates that Hoover telephoned Dulles in New York at 1:07 p.m. on September 20 to read him the text of the message. A record of the conversation follows:

“Mr. Hoover said there was a message in from King Paul of Greece, a private one, about inscription. He said that the Greek people felt they were being abandoned. He said there was more than we realized in the way the Greeks felt about this situation. The Secretary said he feared we were committed re inscription. Hoover said we were going to have to put our thinking caps on as to what line to take to make up for this action. The Secretary agreed, saying what we said in this connection would have a great deal of significance. They also discussed the Secretary’s conversation with George Allen this morning and about holding up the statement.” (Eisenhower Library, Dulles Papers, General Telephone Conversations) See footnote 4, Supra.


137. Telegram From the Embassy in Greece to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–2155. Confidential; Niact.


139. Message From President Eisenhower to King Paul

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–2155. Secret. Transmitted in telegram 325 to Athens, September 21, which is the source text. The Embassy was instructed to deliver the message to the King and to inform him that he was at liberty to make it public if he so desired. The Department added that it would not release the message unless King Paul indicated his approval.


141. Letter From Secretary of State Dulles to Foreign Secretary Macmillan

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/9–1955. Secret. Drafted by Wood and Dulles.


142. Letter From Foreign Secretary Macmillan to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 747C.00/10–2155. Secret. The typewritten source text signed by Macmillan was apparently delivered to Dulles in Paris; see footnote 1, infra.

On October 24, the Embassy in London transmitted the text of Macmillan’s message in telegram 1652. (Ibid., 747C.00/10–2455)


143. Memorandum of a Conversation, Ambassador’s Residence, Paris, October 24, 1955, 7:30 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 60 D 627, CF 564. Secret. Drafted by Russell on November 1. The location of the meeting is from a copy of the memorandum ibid., Central File 396.1–GE/10–2555. Dulles was in Paris en route to Geneva to attend the Foreign Ministers Meeting, October 27–November 16.


144. Telegram From the Embassy in France to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 60 D 627, CF 615. Secret. Repeated to London and Athens.