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United States Relations with India; Prime Minister Nehru’s Trip to the United States; the Question of Economic Assistance 1

1. For previous documentation on this subject, see Foreign Relations, 1952–1954, vol. XI, Part 2, pp. 1633 ff.


143. Briefing Paper Prepared in the Office of South Asian Affairs

Source: Department of State, NEA/SOA Files: Lot 57 D 16, Briefing Material for Ambassador Cooper, India: Economic. Secret. Drafted by Warren A. Silver and Peter H. Delaney of the Office of South Asian Affairs. It was Tab 1 in the briefing book prepared for John Sherman Cooper, who was appointed Ambassador to India on February 4 and presented his credentials on April 9.


144. Letter From the President to the Secretary of State

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Eisenhower Diaries. Personal and Confidential.


145. Telegram From the Embassy in India to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.91/5–2355. Secret.


146. Telegram From the Embassy in India to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.91/5–2555. Secret.


147. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in India

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.91/5–2555. Secret. Drafted by Jones, approved by Allen, and cleared with the USIA and NEA.


148. Telegram From the Embassy in India to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 511.91/6–155. Top Secret; Priority.


149. Letter From the Chairman of the Operations Coordinating Board (Hoover) to the President of the Export-Import Bank (Edgerton)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 891.331/5–955. Secret. Drafted by Staats and cleared by Overby. An identical letter was sent to George M. Humphrey, Chairman, National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Problems.


150. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.911/7–2955. Confidential.


151. Telegram From the Embassy in India to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 511.91/8–2655. Secret. Repeated to Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras.


152. Department of State Memorandum

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 891.2546/9–2055. Secret. No drafting information is given on the source text. Attached to a memorandum of September 20 from Allen to Hoover requesting the latter to seek OCB approval on September 21 of the conclusions which follow. Staats transmitted the memorandum to the OCB under cover of a memorandum of September 20. (Ibid., OCB Files: Lot 61 D 385, India)


153. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, November 18, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 891.00/11–1855. Secret. Drafted by Smith.


154. Telegram From the Embassy in India to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.6191/11–2555. Confidential. Repeated to Moscow, London, Rangoon, and Kabul.


155. Instruction From the Department of State to the Diplomatic and Consular Offices in India

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.91/1–2056. Secret. Extracts. Sent to Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, and New Delhi; repeated to Colombo, Dacca, Karachi, and Lahore. The sections not printed concern India’s relations with nations other than the United States and the Soviet Union, India’s interest in U.S. relationships with other Asian countries, and a discussion of domestic developments.


156. Memorandum of Conversations Between Secretary of State Dulles and Prime Minister Nehru, Prime Minister’s Residence, New Delhi, March 9, 1956, 4 p.m. and March 10, 1956, 10:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199. Secret. Drafted by Dulles on March 10. Dulles came to New Delhi on March 9 directly from Karachi, where he had attended a SEATO meeting. A somewhat different version of this conversation, also prepared by Dulles, is ibid., Central Files, 791.13/3–1056.


157. Telegram From the Secretary of State to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 110.11–DU/3–1156. Secret.


158. Paper Prepared in the Embassy in India

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 791.5–MSP/3–1356. Secret. No drafting information is given on the source text. Attached to a letter from Cooper to Dulles dated March 13, in which the Ambassador indicated that when he had been in Washington he had promised Sherman Adams a summary of his views concerning the U.S. aid program in India for the President. If the summary met with the Secretary’s approval, Cooper requested Dulles to pass the paper to Adams.


159. Summary Minutes of a Meeting of the Ad Hoc Committee on Ambassador Cooper’s India Aid Proposals, Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 791.5–MSP/5–1156. Secret. Drafted by George Springsteen of the Economic Development Division of the Office of International Financial and Development Affairs on May 8. Attached to a memorandum from Prochnow to Hoover dated May 11.


160. Telegram From the Embassy in India to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.9111/12–756. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras.


161. Telegram From the Secretary of State to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 033.9111/12–1256. Top Secret. The source text bears a notation that a copy of this telegram was sent to the White House on December 12. Dulles was in Paris for the North Atlantic Council meeting.


162. Summary of a Meeting With the President

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 62 D 181, CF 830, Record of Nehru Visit—Dec. 16–20, 1956. Secret. Drafted by Rountree. The source text bears a marginal notation that it was seen by the Secretary of State. It was sent to him on December 15 at Hoover’s request.


163. Memorandum of a Conversation Between Secretary of State Dulles and Prime Minister Nehru, Blair House

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 62 D 181, CF 830. Secret. The distribution of this memorandum of conversation was limited, with the sections in brackets intended only for the Under Secretary of State, the Legal Adviser, and NEA. The Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs was only to receive the comments on Laos. Nehru arrived in Washington December 16, spent some of December 17 and 18 with the President at Gettysburg, returned to Washington on December 18, and departed for New York December 20.


164. Memorandum of a Conversation Between President Eisenhower and Prime Minister Nehru, The White House

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Eisenhower Diaries. Top Secret. Transcribed presumably by Ann C. Whitman, Secretary to the President. A note on the source text indicates that Nehru was unaccompanied and “practically impossible” to hear. Eisenhower had met earlier with Nehru at Gettysburg and had called Dulles on December 18 to give him the essence of the conversation. He described the talks as “pretty good,” noting that they were “in the realm of philosophy” and “about India and its problems”. (Memorandum of telephone conversation by Bernau, December 18; ibid., Dulles Papers, White House Telephone Conversations) For text of the communiqué issued upon Nehru’s departure from Washington on December 20, see Department of State Bulletin, January 14, 1957, p. 47.


165. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 891.00–Five Year/5–1357. Confidential. Drafted by Smith.


166. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 891.00–Five Year/5–3157. Drafted by Smith.


167. Letter From the Ambassador in India (Bunker) to Frederic P. Bartlett, at London

Source: Department of State, NEA/SOA Files: Lot 62 D 43, India—June–December 1957. Confidential; Official–Informal. Extract. Bartlett left New Delhi before Bunker’s return for reassignment to Washington where he assumed the position of Director of the Office of South Asian Affairs. The sections not printed deal with Bartlett’s departure, “Kashmir,” military aid to Pakistan, “Other Economic Matters,” and “Miscellaneous Matters”.


168. Operations Coordinating Board Report

Source: Department of State, OCB Files: Lot 62 D 430, India. Secret. The cover sheet was dated July 5, 1957. Attached to an undated memorandum by Charles E. Johnson, which noted that the OCB at its June 27 meeting had revised and concurred in the operations plan “for implementation by the responsible agencies of the actions and programs contained therein.”


169. Letter From the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Dillon) to the Chairman of the Council on Foreign Economic Policy (Randall)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 891.00/7–1557. Confidential. Drafted by Turnage and Dillon and concurred in by the Office of South Asian Affairs, Bureau of Economic Affairs, and Policy Planning Staff, whose views it represented. The ICA did not request concurrence though FitzGerald “found no particular trouble”. The Departments of the Treasury and Agriculture did not share the Department of State’s conclusion, but produced no written dissent.


170. Memorandum From the Chairman of the Council on Foreign Economic Policy (Randall) to the President’s Assistant (Adams)

Source: Department of State, OCB Files: Lot 61 D 385, India. Confidential. Attachment to a memorandum from Staats to the OCB, dated July 22. Adams referred Randall’s letter on July 18 to Robert Cutler for NSC/OCB action. On July 24, the OCB directed that the question be referred to the OCB Working Group on South Asia, which would be expanded to include some of the members of the Interdepartmental Working Group on India and all interested agencies. Recommendations were called for in advance of the September visit of the Indian Finance Minister. The Working Group was “to consider, to the degree possible, the effect of Congressional and Executive Branch action prior to September on the recommendations contained in Mr. Dillon’s letter to Mr. Randall of July 15.” (Memorandum from Jeremiah J. O’Connors of the Operations Coordinator’s office to Rountree, July 24; ibid., Central Files, 891.00/7–2457)


171. Instruction From the Department of State to the Diplomatic Missions in India

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.91/8–157. Secret; Limited Distribution (at discretion of Ambassador and Principal Officers). Sent to Madras, Calcutta, Bombay, and New Delhi.


172. Memorandum From Elbert G. Mathews of the Policy Planning Staff to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Dillon)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 791.5–MSP/9–1157. Official Use Only.