FE files, lot 55 D 480, “Korean Black Book, September 1954”: Telegram
The Department of the Army to the Commander in Chief United Nations Command (Hull)
DA 967743. From CAMG ref DA 967373, 8 Sep 54;1 Subj is ROK Econ & Mil Talks.[Page 1876]
Herewith is final text of Draft Minute context of which was discussed with ROK at meeting 14 Sep.2 Copies will be provided to ROK officials here 15 Sep. ROK officials have been informed draft minute is to be presented formally to their govt by Ambassador Briggs and General Hull. Signed letter from Secretary of Defense to ROK Defense Minister (ltr transmitted herewith in draft for your information) will be delivered only when draft minute is initialed by ROK.
Further explanation and instructions regarding draft minute, Secretary of Defense letter, and action to be taken will follow in separate message. Draft minute3 is as follows:
“Draft Agreed Minute Between the Governments of the United States and the Republic of Korea Based on the Conferences Held Between President Eisenhower and President Rhee and Their Advisers in Washington, July 27–30, 1954 and Subsequent Discussions in Washington Between Representatives of the Two Governments.
It is in the mutual interest of the United States and the Republic of Korea to continue the close cooperation which has proved mutually beneficial and has played such an important part in the Free World’s struggle against Communist aggression and its determination to remain free.
It is the intention and policy of the Republic of Korea to:
- Cooperate with the United States in its efforts to unify Korea, including possible efforts through the United Nations to secure this objective;
- Retain Republic of Korea forces under the operational control of the United Nations Command while that Command has responsibilities for the defense of the Republic of Korea, unless after consultation it is agreed that our mutual and individual interests would best be served by a change;
- Accept the force levels and principles set forth in Appendix B which will permit the maintenance of an effective military program consistent with economic stability and within available resources;
- Continue to encourage private ownership of investment projects;
- Cooperate in procedures for administration of United States aid funds consistent with United States legislation and the practices applied generally in such programs;
- Take the necessary measures to make the economic program effective, including those set forth in Appendix A.
Based upon the conditions which the Republic of Korea declares it will create, it is the intention and policy of the United States to:
- Continue its program of helping to strengthen the Republic of Korea politically, economically and militarily, with programmed economic aid and direct military assistance furnished during Fiscal Year 1955 to aggregate up to $700 million. This amount would exceed by more than $100 million the amount of assistance previously contemplated by the United States for Korea in Fiscal Year 1955. Of this total, programmed economic aid, including the CRIK carryover and the United States contribution to UNKRA, available for obligation in Fiscal Year 1955 would amount to approximately $280 million (actual expenditures in Fiscal Year 1955 are estimated at approximately $250 million);
- Support a strengthened Republic of Korea military establishment as outlined in Appendix B, including the development of a reserve system, in accordance with arrangements to be worked out by appropriate military representatives of the two Governments;
- Consult fully with appropriate military representatives of the Republic of Korea in the implementation of the program for support of the Republic of Korea military establishment;
- In the event of an unprovoked attack upon the Republic of Korea in violation of the armistice,4 to employ, in accordance with its constitutional processes, its military power against the aggressor;
- Support the unification of Korea by all peaceful means;5
- Subject to the necessary Congressional authorizations, continue to press forward with the economic program for the rehabilitation of Korea.
- Not printed. (FE files, lot 55 D 480, “Korean Black Book, September 1954”)↩
- As an outgrowth of the Rhee–Eisenhower discussions in Washington, July 26–30, an economic subcommittee made up of representatives of the ROK, the Department of State, the Foreign Operations Administration, the Department of Defense, the Treasury, and the Bureau of the Budget, met to coordinate the economic and military aid program for Korea. The subcommittee continued its work throughout August and September and reports of its proceedings are located in Conference files, lot 60 D 627, CF 346.↩
- At its 213th meeting on Sept. 9, the NSC agreed to recommend that the President approve the draft agreed minute prepared by the Departments of State and Defense and the Foreign Operations Administration. (NSC Action No. 1217) On Sept. 10, Executive Secretary Lay circulated the draft agreed minute to the NSC for information and informed the Council that President Eisenhower had that date approved it; any later agreed changes that might be made to the draft minute were to be reported jointly to the President by the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director, Foreign Operations Administration. (Memorandum of discussion at the 213th NSC meeting, Sept. 9; Eisenhower Library, Eisenhower papers, Whitman file)↩
In the Agreed Minute initialed in Seoul on Nov. 17, 1954, the phrase “in violation of the armistice” was deleted with the understanding that the exchange of ratification instruments of the Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States and the Republic of Korea would take place immediately, the deletion to be effective when the exchange had been made. (Memorandum from the Acting Secretary of Defense to the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force and to the JCS, Nov. 18, 1954; JCS files, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45))
For the final text and Appendix A of the Agreed Minute, see Department of State Bulletin, Nov. 29, 1954, pp. 810–811.↩
- At the request of the Republic of Korea, paragraph 5 was deleted from the final text of the Agreed Minute; however, the United States in a formal note, not printed, informed the ROK Government that the position of the U.S. Government continued to be to support unification of Korea by all peaceful means. The ROK Government confirmed this understanding. (Memorandum from the Acting Secretary of Defense to the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force and to the JCS, Nov. 18, 1954; JCS files, CCS 383.21 Korea (3–19–45))↩