662.001/3–1052

No. 65
The Soviet Ministry for Foreign Affairs to the Embassy of the United States1

restricted
[No. 9]

The Soviet Govt considers it necessary to direct the attention of Govt of USA to fact that altho about seven years have passed since end of war in Europe a peace treaty with Ger is not yet concluded.

With aim of eliminating such abnormal situation Soviet Govt supporting communication of Govt of Ger Democratic Republic to Four Powers requesting that conclusion of peace treaty with Ger be expedited,2 on its part addresses itself to Govt of US and also Govts of Great Britain and France with proposal to urgently discuss question of peace treaty with Ger with view to preparing in nearest future an agreed draft peace treaty and present it for examination by appropriate international conf with participation of all interested govts. It is understood that such a peace treaty must be worked out with direct participation of Ger in the form of an all-Ger Govt. From this it follows that USSR, USA, England and [Page 170]France who are fulfilling control functions in Ger must also consider question of conditions favoring the earliest formation of all-Ger Govt expressing the will of Ger people.

With aim of facilitating preparation of draft peace treaty Soviet Govt on its part proposes for the consideration of Govts of USA, GB and France the attached draft basis of peace treaty with Ger.

In proposing consideration of this draft Soviet Govt at same time expresses its readiness also to consider other possible proposals on this question.

Govt of USSR expects to receive reply of Govt of USA to the mentioned proposal at earliest possible time. Similar notes have also been sent by Soviet Govt to Govts of GB and France.

[Enclosure]

Draft of Soviet Govt of Peace Treaty With Ger

Almost seven years have passed since end of war with Ger but Ger still does not have peace treaty, finds itself divided, continues to remain in unequal situation as regards other govts. It is necessary to end such abnormal situation. This responds to aspirations of all peace loving peoples. It is impossible to assure a just status to legal national interests of Ger people without the earliest conclusion of peace treaty with Ger.

Conclusion of a peace treaty with Ger has an important significance for strengthening of peace in Europe. A peace treaty with Ger will permit final decision of questions which have arisen as consequence of second world war. The Eur states which have suffered from Ger aggression particularly the neighbors of Ger have vital interest in solution of these questions. Conclusion of peace treaty with Ger will aid improvement of internatl situation as whole and at same time aid establishment of lasting peace.

Necessity of hastening conclusion of peace treaty with Ger is required by fact that danger of re-establishment of Ger militarism which has twice unleashed world war has not been eliminated in as much as appropriate provisions of Potsdam conf still remain unfilled. A peace treaty with Germany must guarantee elimination of possibility of rebirth of Ger militarism and Ger aggression.

Conclusion of the peace treaty with Ger will establish for Ger people permanent conditions of peace, will aid the development of Ger as a unified democratic and peace loving govt in accordance with the Potsdam provisions and will assure to the Ger people the possibility of peaceful cooperation with other peoples.

[Page 171]

As result of this the Govts of Soviet Union, the USA, Great Britain, and France have decided urgently to set about working out a peace treaty with Ger.

The Govts of USSR, USA, Great Britain and France consider that preparations of peace treaty shld be accomplished with participation of Ger in the form of an all-Ger Govt and that the peace treaty with Ger shld be formed on the following basis:

Basis of peace treaty with Ger.

participants

Great Britain, Soviet Union, USA, France, Poland, Czech, Belgium, Holland and other govts which participated with their armed forces in war against Ger.

political provisions

(1)
Ger is re-established as a unified state thereby an end is put to the division of Ger and a unified Ger has possibility of development as an independent democratic peace loving state.
(2)
All armed forces of occupying powers must be withdrawn from Ger not later than one year from date of entry into force of peace treaty. Simultaneously all foreign military bases on territory of Ger must be liquidated.
(3)
Democratic rights must be guaranteed to Ger people to end that all persons under Ger jurisdiction without regard to race, sex, language or religion enjoy the rights of man and basic freedoms including freedom of speech, press, religious persuasion, political conviction and assembly.
(4)
Free activity of democratic parties and organizations must be guaranteed in Ger with right of freedom to decide their own internal affairs, to conduct mtgs and assembly, to enjoy freedom of press and publication.
(5)
The existence of organizations inimical to democracy and to the maintenance of peace must not be permitted on the territory of Ger.
(6)
Civil and political rights equal all other Ger citizens for participation in building of peace loving democratic Ger must be made available to all former members of Ger army, including officers and generals, all former Nazis, excluding those who are serving court sentences for commission of crimes.
(7)
Ger obligates self not enter into any kind of coalition or military alliance directed against any power which took part with its armed forces in war against Germany.
[Page 172]

territory

The territory of Ger is defined by borders established by provisions of Potsdam conf of Great Powers.

econ provisions

No kind of limitations are imposed on Ger as to development of its peaceful economy, which must contribute to growth of welfare of Ger people.

Likewise Ger will have no kind of limitation as regards trade with other countries, navigation and access to world markets.

military provisions

(1)
Ger will be permitted to have its own national armed forces (land, air and sea) which are necessary for defense of the country.
(2)
Ger is permitted to produce war materials and equipment the quantity and type of which must not exceed the limitations required for armed forces established for Ger by peace treaty.

ger and UN organization

The Govts concluding peace treaty with Ger will support application of Ger for acceptance as member of UN Organization.

  1. This note, an unofficial translation by the Embassy in Moscow, was transmitted in telegram 1445 from Moscow, Mar. 10. It is the same in substance as the translation printed in Documents on German Unity, vol. II, pp. 60–61 and in Department of State Bulletin, Apr. 7, 1952, pp. 531–532, or Documents (R.I.I.A.) for 1952, pp. 85–88. A copy of the Russian language text was transmitted in despatch 625 from Moscow, Mar. 11. (662.001/3–1152) It was also printed in Izvestiia, Mar. 11, 1952 and in SSSR s GDR, pp. 200–203.
  2. On Feb. 13 the German Democratic Republic had transmitted identic notes to the four occupying powers requesting the speedy conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany. The text of this note was transmitted in telegram 1028 from Berlin, Feb. 14. (662.001/2–1452) For text of the note and the only reply to it which was made by the Soviet Union on Feb. 20, see Documents on German Unity, vol. II, pp. 50 and 52.