PPS Fixes, Lot 64 D 563
Memorandum by the Director of the Policy Planning Staff (Nitze) to the Secretary of State 1
Draft Policy Statement for Submission to the NSC: Policy of the United States Toward the Reduction of Tensions and the Limitation of Armaments
1. This paper has not been addressed to the phasing or tactics of presentation of the ideas contained, it having been our purpose to see whether a comprehensive program for relaxing tensions which we could accept could be developed.
2. Any program for a comprehensive approach to the negotiation of a general relaxation of tensions involves certain great dangers:
- That portions of the comprehensive proposal will be taken out of context and be exploited as independent statements of U.S. position;
- That in the course of the necessarily long process of negotiation and implementation required, there will be a halt in the Western defense effort.
Both of these difficulties require the most careful consideration of the manner of presentation and of securing assurances of the Congress and of our allies that there would be no slackening of effort until the process is completed. A successful outcome would depend upon a concurrent increase in our present effort to build strength.
3. It is doubtful whether the position of the West is at present sufficiently strong to induce acceptance by the U.S.S.R. of the program set forth in the paper. We must, therefore, try to maximize the [Page 456]advantage to the West if proposals along these lines are advanced and are rejected by the U.S.S.R.
4. In advancing the comprehensive program described in the paper, the initial proposal at a CFM would be stated in broad terms. In order to guard against the dangers mentioned in 3 above, the details would be given only after it was discovered that the U.S.S.R. was willing to undertake negotiations on a comprehensive program and then only as progress was made in the negotiations.
5. Annex A to the paper, which deals with specific proposals for the settlement of problems in Europe and the Far East, is merely a rough draft. In its present form it is being handled as a matter of the highest security in the various bureaus and offices of the Department concerned.
6. It is our view that the proposed Annex C, dealing with a census and verification of armed forces and armaments, should be prepared by the Defense Establishment, working closely with the A.E.C. and Mr. Arneson’s office.2
- A marginal notation on the source text indicates that this document was seen by the Secretary of State and returned to Mr. Nitze.↩
- R. Gordon Arneson was Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for atomic energy policy.↩
- Drafted by Paul H. Nitze, Director of the Policy Planning Staff, and Robert W. Tufts, Staff Member.↩
NSC 68, “United States Objectives
and Programs for National Security,” a report to President Truman,
April 14, 1950, is printed in
Foreign Relations, 1950, vol. i, p. 234.↩
- Documentation on United States policy with respect to Austria is presented in volume iv.↩
- For documentation on the Korean War, see
- For documentation on the question of Formosa, see ibid.↩
- For documentation on
United States policy with respect to Indochina, see
vi, Part 1, pp. 332 ff.↩