Executive Secretariat Files: Lot 61D167: File—NSC 84 Series
Memorandum by the Secretary of Defense (Johnson) to the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Lay)1
Subject: The Position of the United States with Respect to the Philippines
With respect to the above subject, which the National Security Council Staff now has under consideration at the request of the President, I am transmitting herewith, for the information of the Council members, the views and recommendations which the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at my request, submitted to me on 6 September 1950.
In view of the situation in the Far East and in the Philippines, there are certain views of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on which I wish to comment at this time. In the first place, I concur in the view of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that prompt and positive political and economic action to arrest and reverse the current political deterioration in the Philippines is essential to the maintenance of the United States strategic position in the Far East. Secondly, I concur in the recommendation of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that direct United States military intervention in the Philippines would be justifiable, from the strategic point of view, only if there remained no other means of preventing Communist seizure of the Islands; and that such intervention would require, in the light of the present world situation, a considerable increase in the extent of mobilization currently envisaged.
In the light of the views and recommendations of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, I recommend that the NSC Staff submit a report to the Council on this subject at the earliest practicable date.
This memorandum and its enclosure were circulated to the National Security Council as document NSC 84, September 14, 1950, under cover of the following note by Council Executive Secretary Lay:
“At the request of the Secretary of Defense, his enclosed memorandum and its attached views and recommendations of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on the subject [The Position of the United States with Respect to the Philippines] are circulated herewith for the information of the National Security Council and the Secretary of the Treasury, and referred to the NSC Staff for use in connection with the draft report on the subject currently under preparation at the suggestion of the President.”
Regarding the request by President Truman for a paper on the Philippines, see footnote 1 to the draft paper prepared by the Department of State, June 20, p. 1461.↩
- Not printed.↩
- Presumably the reference here is to the Agreement between the United States and the Philippines concerning military bases, March 14, 1947 (TIAS No. 1775, 61 Stat. (pt. 4) 4019), or A Decade of American Foreign Policy: Basic Documents, 1941–49, p. 869.↩
- The reference here is to a Report to the President by the National Security Council, dated December 30, 1949, and entitled “The Position of the United States with Respect to Asia;” for documentation, see Foreign Relations, 1949, vol. vii, Part 2, p. 1215.↩
- The quotation here is from the statement by President Truman on the situation in Korea, June 27, 1950; for the text, see Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Harry S. Truman, 1950, p. 492.↩