The late S. Everett Gleason supervised the initial planning and compilation of
this volume. Fredrick Aandahl succeeded him as editor in 1972 and directed the
process of review, declassification, and final editing. Ralph R. Goodwin
provided assistance in planning and direction.
Neal H. Petersen compiled and edited the sections on regulation of armaments,
national security policy, and atomic energy. John P. Glennon prepared the 1949
portion and David W. Mabon the 1950 portion of the documentation on defense of
the Western Hemisphere. Mr. Goodwin compiled and edited the sections on treaties
of friendship, commerce, and navigation; double taxation; the General Agreement
on Tariffs and Trade; foreign financial policy; balance of payments; Point IV;
the delimitation of the territorial sea; and the Internal Security Act of 1950.
William Z. Slany prepared the section on the Antarctic. The technical editing of
the volume was done by the Publishing and Reproduction Division (Willard M.
McLaughlin, Chief), and Francis C. Prescott prepared the index.
The editors acknowledge with appreciation the assistance provided them by the
historians of the Department of Defense, including those of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, and by the historians of the Energy Research and Development
Administration. They are also grateful for the cooperation of the National
Security Council, the Department of Defense, the Central Intelligence Agency,
and the Energy Research and Development Administration, all of which facilitated
declassification of papers for release in this volume.
David F. Trask
Bureau of Public Affairs
Principles for the Compilation and Editing of “Foreign
The principles which guide the compilation and editing of Foreign Relations are stated in Department of State Regulation 2
FAM 1350 of June 15, 1961, a revision of the order approved on March 26,
1925, [Page IV] by Mr. Frank B. Kellogg, then
Secretary of State. The text of the regulation, as further amended, is
1350 Documentary Record of American
1351 Scope of Documentation
The publication Foreign Relations of the United States
constitutes the official record of the foreign policy of the United States.
These volumes include, subject to necessary security considerations, all
documents needed to give a comprehensive record of the major foreign policy
decisions within the range of the Department of State’s responsibilities,
together with appropriate materials concerning the facts which contributed
to the formulation of policies. When further material is needed to
supplement the documentation in the Department’s files for a proper
understanding of the relevant policies of the United States, such papers
should be obtained from other Government agencies.
1352 Editorial Preparation
The basic documentary diplomatic record to be printed in Foreign Relations of the United States is edited by the Historical
Office, Bureau of Public Affairs of the Department of State. The editing of
the record is guided by the principles of historical objectivity. There may
be no alteration of the text, no deletions without indicating where in the
text the deletion is made, and no omission of facts which were of major
importance in reaching a decision. Nothing may be omitted for the purpose of
concealing or glossing over what might be regarded by some as a defect of
policy. However, certain omissions of documents are permissible for the
- To avoid publication of matters which would tend to impede current
diplomatic negotiations or other business.
- To condense the record and avoid repetition of needless
- To preserve the confidence reposed in the Department by
individuals and by foreign governments.
- To avoid giving needless offense to other nationalities or
- To eliminate personal opinions presented in despatches and not
acted upon by the Department. To this consideration there is one
qualification—in connection with major decisions it is desirable,
where possible, to show the alternatives presented to the Department
before the decision was made.
To obtain appropriate clearances of material to be published in Foreign Relations of the United States, the
- Refers to the appropriate policy offices of the Department and of
other agencies of the Government such papers as appear to require
- Refers to the appropriate foreign governments requests for
permission to print as part of the diplomatic correspondence of the
United States those previously unpublished documents which were
originated by the foreign governments.