740.0011 PW (Peace)/2–548: Telegram

The Ambassador in China ( Stuart ) to the Secretary of State

top secret

231. Deptel 165, Feb. 3, 4 p. m.1 Chinese position in respect of Japanese peace treaty is, we believe, based on two fundamental principles: First, they are deathly afraid of the Soviets and are unwilling to take any position which might aggravate situation unless and until they are assured of adequate and lasting support from the US. The character and the amount of the aid to China program will undoubtedly influence their thinking and if sufficiently large and confidence-inspiring may increase the possibility of their willingness to participate in a ten power peace conference without veto. Second, fundamental in their thinking on the veto, we believe, is a desire to remove any possibility at any time of another Yalta agreement. If, as may have been the case, President Roosevelt was led to the Yalta agreement in an effort to avoid an even worse situation in Manchuria, and that can be substantiated, it would be well at this stage, we believe, so to indicate to the Chinese.

  1. Not printed; it inquired as to the Embassy’s opinion of China’s attitude toward a Japanese peace conference.