893.00/7–2346: Telegram

The Ambassador in China (Stuart) to the Secretary of State

1208. Following from the American Consul General at Shanghai,99 [713,] July 20, 3 p.m.

The French Consul General, Mr. Jacques Baeyens, called late yesterday afternoon stating he had been instructed by the French Ambassador to inquire whether plans were being made for the use of American Armed Forces to protect American citizens in the event of civil disturbances in Shanghai and if so, whether French citizens here could count on our protection. After consultation with General [Page 1414] Gillem1 and Admiral Denebrink,2 the French Consul General was informed that the representatives of the US Govt here look to the Chinese authorities to provide adequate police and military protection for the security of Americans and other foreigners, and that they have no reason to anticipate any need for the use of foreign armed forces for this purpose. In the unlikely eventuality, however, of a situation developing beyond the ability of the Chinese authorities to control, American assistance would be extended to American nationals and for humanitarian considerations to such other foreign nationals as might require it.

At the time of his call, Mr. Baeyens indicated that he personally did not share the apprehensiveness of some members of the French community here, and that he agreed in general with our view. He stated that the principal source of the information received by the French authorities was a foreign-educated Chinese, Louis Y. S. Tsu, now in charge of Foreign Affairs Section of Shanghai Municipal Police. The latter had informed the French of special measures being taken by the Shanghai police and military garrison which had been alerted to be prepared for possible disturbances of Communist origin.

Further comment on situation will follow. Davis.

  1. Monnett B. Davis.
  2. Lt. Gen. Alvan C. Gillem, Jr., Commanding General, U. S. China Service Command at Shanghai.
  3. Rear Adm. Francis C. Denebrink, U. S. N., Commander, Cruiser Division 5, engaged in occupation of northern Japan.