Marshall Mission Files, Lot 54–D270

Memorandum by General Chou En-lai to Lieutenant General Alvan C. Gillem, Jr.

General Chang Chih-chung and General Chou En-lai, before they got instructions from their respective higher authorities, had worked out this draft of three points, but in the first point, the word “now” was not yet agreed upon.18 (March 15th)

Revised Draft of Instructions for Executive Headquarters Regarding the Entry of Field Teams into Manchuria

Field teams, with carefully selected personnel, will be sent into Manchuria immediately under the following conditions:

To reestablish the sovereignty of China in Manchuria, the Government is authorized to send troops to occupy such regions and places as are “now” being evacuated by the Soviet Troops, including a strip 30 kilometers to either side of the two railways mentioned in the Sino-Soviet treaty.
If it becomes necessary for the Government troops to move into places now being garrisoned by the Communist troops, it shall be effected through mutual agreement.
The subsequent redisposition of troops in Manchuria will be worked out in accordance with the “Basis for Military Reorganization”.19

  1. General Chang objected on the grounds that inclusion of the word “now” would not permit Chinese Government troops to take over areas subsequently evacuated by Soviet troops.
  2. The agreement of February 25, p. 295.