This volume was prepared under the direct supervision of the former Chief of the
Foreign Relations Division, E. Ralph Perkins, assisted by its present head, S.
Everett Gleason, and Rogers P. Churchill. The compilations on United States
relations with the nations of Eastern Europe, except Bulgaria, were the work of
William Slany. The documentation on Bulgaria was compiled by John G. Reid.
Documentation concerning the relations of the United States with the countries
of Western Europe was compiled by a former staff member, N. O. Sappington. The
compilations on Finland were done by Douglas W. Houston, also a former member of
the Foreign Relations Division.
The Publishing and Reproduction Services Division (Jerome H. Perlmutter, Chief)
was responsible for the technical editing of the volume. This function was
performed in the Historical Editing Section under the direct supervision of
Elizabeth A. Vary, Chief, and Ouida J. Ward, Assistant Chief.
William M. Franklin
Director, Historical Office
Bureau of Public Affairs
December 20, 1967
Principles for the Compilation and Editing of “Foreign
The principles which guide the compilation and editing of Foreign Relations are stated in Department of State Regulation
1350 of June 15, 1961, a revision of the order approved on March 26, 1925,
by Mr. Frank B. Kellogg, then Secretary of State. The text of the current
regulation is printed below:
1350 Documentary Record of American
1351 Scope of Documentation
The publication Foreign Relations of the United States,
Diplomatic Papers, constitutes the official record of the foreign
policy of the United States. These volumes include, subject to necessary
security considerations, all documents needed to give a comprehensive record
of the major foreign policy decisions within the range of the Department of
State’s responsibilities, together with appropriate materials concerning the
facts which contributed to the formulation of policies. [Page IV] When further material is needed to supplement
the documentation in the Department’s files for a proper understanding of
the relevant policies of the United States, such papers should be obtained
from other Government agencies.
1352 Editorial Preparation
The basic documentary diplomatic record to be printed in Foreign Relations of the United States, Diplomatic Papers, shall
be edited by the Historical Office, Bureau of Public Affairs of the
Department of State. The editing of the record shall be guided by the
principles of historical objectivity. There shall be no alteration of the
text, no deletions without indicating where in the text the deletion is
made, and no omission of facts which were of major importance in reaching a
decision. Nothing shall be omitted for the purpose of concealing or glossing
over what might be regarded by some as a defect of policy. However, certain
omissions of documents are permissible for the following reasons:
- To avoid publication of matters which would tend to impede current
diplomatic negotiations or other business.
- To condense the record and avoid repetition of needless
- To preserve the confidence reposed in the Department by
individuals and by foreign governments.
- To avoid giving needless offense to other nationalities or
- To eliminate personal opinions presented in despatches and not
acted upon by the Department. To this consideration there is one
qualification—in connection with major decisions it is desirable,
where possible, to show the alternatives presented to the Department
before the decision was made.
To obtain appropriate clearances of material to be published in Foreign Relations of the United States, Diplomatic
Papers, the Historical Office shall:
- Refer to the appropriate policy offices of the Department and of
other agencies of the Government such papers as appear to require
- Refer to the appropriate foreign governments requests for
permission to print as part of the diplomatic correspondence of the
United States those previously unpublished documents which were
originated by the foreign governments.