740.0011 Moscow/10–1943

Mr. Adrian Holman of the British Delegation to Mr. John D. Jernegan of the American Delegation

Conference Document No. 27

Dear Jernegan: I enclose two copies of each of two draft Declarations with respect to Allied policy in Iran which the British Delegation wish to submit as a basis of discussion by the sub-Committee on Iran.

Copies have been sent also the Soviet Delegation.

Yours sincerely,

Adrian Holman
[Enclosure 1]

Draft Declaration No. 1

“The Governments of the U.S.S.R., the U.S.A. and the United Kingdom having in mind the adherence of the Government of Iran to the cause of the United Nations rely with confidence upon the desire [Page 733] of the Government and people of Iran to make their contribution along the most effective lines in furtherance of the struggle against the common enemy.

The Government of the U.S.S.R., the U.S.A., and the United Kingdom undertake for their part to do all within their power to safeguard the people of Iran from the privations and difficulties which the present war must bring to them in common with all other peoples engaged in the conflict. They further undertake to collaborate closely with each other and to cooperate with the Government of Iran on all issues as they arise with a view to the furtherance of the United Nations’ war effort. They also undertake to give full moral support in any way acceptable to the Government of Iran to the efforts of the various individuals, groups and agencies, whether Iranian or foreign, which are endeavouring to relieve the existing economic difficulties of the country and to improve security through the strengthening of Iranian Governmental authority.
The three Governments similarly undertake to effect as soon as possible after the cessation of hostilities the withdrawal or the reduction to a normal peace time establishment of such non-military Governmental organisations as are now operating in Iran in connection with the United Nations’ war effort.”
[Enclosure 2]

Draft Declaration No. 2

Under Articles 1 and 5 of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union and Iran of January 29th, 1942, the Governments of the United Kingdom and the U.S.S.R. undertake to respect the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Iran and to withdraw their forces from Iranian territory not later than six months after all hostilities between the Allied Powers and Germany and her associates have been suspended by the conclusion of an armistice or armistices or on the conclusion of peace between them, whichever date is earlier.

The Governments of the United Kingdom and the U.S.S.R. now desire to take this opportunity of declaring that the undertakings given to the Government of Iran in the foregoing paragraph still continue to constitute the basis of their policy towards Iran, which has in no way changed since the conclusion of the Tripartite Treaty. Furthermore the two Governments affirm their intention of reducing in the meantime their military commitments in Iran as quickly as their general military situation permits.