Index

  • Airplanes. See under France and Spanish Civil War.
  • Alaskan fisheries (see also Canada: North Pacific fisheries), 161 211
    • Legislation introduced in U. S. Congress for protection of salmon fisheries, 171 172, 205, 208 209
    • U. S. negotiations with Japan for provisional understanding regarding regulation of salmon fisheries, 161 169, 171 190: texts of press communiqué and U. S. statement issued Mar. 25, 1938, 186 187, 189
    • U. S. representations to Japan regarding conclusion of a permanent salmon fisheries agreement, 191 207; Japanese reply, 210 211
  • Albania, absorption by Italy, 365 421
  • American Friends Service Committee, 796, 797, 798
  • American Red Cross, activities in connection with Spanish Civil War, 729, 786 787, 789 790, 796 797
  • Angola, President Roosevelt’s proposal regarding creation of supplemental Jewish homeland in, 65, 66 69, 74 75, 89 90, 106 107; attitudes of British and Portuguese Governments and the Coordinating Foundation toward, 87 88, 91, 102, 134, 143 144, 154
  • Antarctic:
    • U. S. Antarctic Service, establishment of, 7 19
      • Appointment of Adm. Richard E. Byrd as commanding officer of expedition, and formation of an Executive Committee, 7
      • Argentine cooperation in exchange of meteorological data between Laurie Island Station and U. S. bases in Antarctic, 8 9
      • Argentine request that two Argentine naval officers be attached to the expedition, 15; U. S. reply, 16
      • British expression of appreciation of Adm. Byrd’s assistance to inhabitants of Pitcairn Islands, 18; U. S. reply, 18 19
      • British offer of facilities in Falkland Islands and, on behalf of New Zealand, in Ross Dependency, 10; U. S. reply, 15 16
      • Chilean representation on expedition, U. S. attitude regarding, 16 17
      • Instructions to U. S. missions in American Republics to inform [Page 902]Governments of scope and objectives of expedition, 9 10
      • President Roosevelt’s instructions to Adm. Byrd, Nov. 25, 11 14
    • U. S. reservation of rights with respect to claims of other nations to sovereignty in Antarctic, 1 6
      • Anglo-French exchange of notes regarding aerial navigation in Antarctic (1938): Notification to Australia, France, New Zealand, and United Kingdom of U. S. reservation of rights, 1 2; reply of British Government, 6; reply of French Government setting forth claim to Adélie Land, and U. S. counter-reply refusing to admit that sovereignty accrues from mere discovery, 3 5
      • Norwegian notification of claim, Jan. 14, 2; U. S. reply reserving all rights, 2 3
  • Argentina. See under Antarctic: U. S. Antarctic Service.
  • Asylum. See under Spanish Civil War.
  • Athenia. See under United Kingdom.
  • Australia, 325 332
    • Antarctic, U. S. notification to Australia of reservation of rights with respect to Anglo-French exchange of notes (1938) regarding aerial navigation in, 2
    • Conflicting U. S.-British claims to Pacific islands, interest in, 313, 315
    • Diplomatic relations with United States, establishment of, 329 332
    • Trade agreement with United States, preliminary discussions respecting, 325 329
  • Austria, problems arising from annexation by Germany, 559 567
    • Extension of extradition treaty of July 12, 1930, between United States and Germany to territory in which Austro-American extradition treaty was effective, 566 567
    • Refusal of Germany to assume obligation of Austrian indebtedness, 559 566
  • Aviation, trans-Pacific. See United Kingdom: Pacific islands.
  • Balearic Islands, 394, 727, 756 757
  • Behn, Col. Sosthenes. See Spain: U. S. representations on behalf of American interests in Spanish National Telephone Co.
  • Belgium, 422 456
    • Strategic raw materials, unsuccessful negotiations between United States and Belgium for exchange of cotton and wheat for, 438 456
      • Belgian desire for guarantees in regard to deliveries of foodstuffs to Belgium in event of war, 442, 445 446, 447, 448 449, 451
      • Belgian proposal for limited exchange of wheat and tin, and U. S. reply, 454 456
    • Trade agreement with United States, preliminary discussions with respect to revision of, 422 438
      • Agreement to negotiate a new trade agreement, and arrangements regarding lists of concessions for publication in notice of intention to negotiate, 423 431
      • Belgian counterdraft of general provisions, 422, 432
      • Plans for negotiations following outbreak of war in Europe, 432 438
  • Brazil: Cotton Regulation Meeting at Washington, Brazil’s participation in, 20 21, 22 25; refugees from Germany, activities regarding, 89, 90
  • British Guiana, German refugee settlement plan in, 87, 97, 106, 107, 109, 128, 130, 134
  • Byrd. Adm. Richard E. See U. S. Antarctic Service under Antarctic.
  • Canada, 333 348
    • North Pacific fisheries (see also Alaskan fisheries), discussions with United States regarding preservation of, 169 171, 336 347; arrangements for joint study of problem, 339 342, 344 345
    • St. Lawrence waterway, discussions with United States respecting, 333 335
    • Treaties and agreements with United States:
      • Arrangement governing use of radio for civil aeronautical services, effected by exchange of notes, signed Feb. 20, citation to text, 347
      • Arrangement regarding air transport services, effected by exchange of notes, signed Aug. 18, citation to text, 347
      • Arrangement regarding visits in uniform by members of defense forces of either country to territory of the other country, effected fry exchange of notes, signed Mar 7, Apr. 5, and June 22, citation to text, 347
      • Convention for preservation of Fraser River Sockeye Salmon Fisheries, 1930, cited, 341
      • Convention, for preservation of halibut fishery of Northern Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea, 1937, cited, 340, 341
      • Proclamation by U. S. President, issued Nov. 30, pursuant to art. III of trade agreement (1938), respecting allocation of tariff quota on heavy cattle during calendar year 1940, citation to text, 347
      • Supplementary trade agreement with regard to fox furs and skins, signed Dec. 30, citation to text, 347
      • Understanding regarding application of Rush–Bagot agreement (1817), as to the construction of naval vessels on the Great Lakes, effected by exchange of notes, signed June 9 and 10, citation to text, 348
  • Canton Island. See United Kingdom: Pacific islands.
  • Censorship. See under France and United Kingdom.
  • Chile:
    • Controversy with Spanish Government regarding political refugees in Chilean Embassy at Madrid, 779 785; U. S. position, 780 782, 783
    • U. S. Antarctic expedition, U. S. attitude regarding Chilean representation on, 16 17
  • Civil Aviation Tax Conference. See under Conferences.
  • Claims. See under France and Germany.
  • Commissions, committees, etc.:
  • Conferences, international:
    • Civil Aviation Tax Conference, London, Feb. 21–Mar. 1, 28 36
      • Agenda items proposed by United States, 29, 34 35
      • Designation of U. S. delegation, 28
      • Instructions to U. S. delegation, 29 34
      • Signature of convention for exemption from taxation of liquid fuel and lubricants used in air traffic, Mar. 1, 35 36
    • Cotton Regulation Meeting, Washington, Sept. 5–9, 20 26
      • Brazil’s participation, 20 21, 22 25
      • Invitations issued, and responses, 21 22
      • Resolution adopted at meeting providing for an Advisory Committee at Washington, and its implementation, 25 26
    • Whaling Conference, London, July 17–20, 37 50
      • Designation of U. S. delegation, 37 38
      • Instructions to U. S. delegation, 38 47
      • Report of U. S. delegation, 49 50
      • Summary of resolutions adopted at conference, 47 49
    • Wheat Conference: British attitude regarding resumption of discussions of Preparatory Wheat Committee, 216 217; U. S. participation in discussions of Preparatory Wheat Committee, 27
  • Cotton:
  • Cuba, refusal to allow refugees on St. Louis to land, 121
  • Czechoslovakia, 457 467
    • German proclamation of protectorate over Bohemia and Moravia, 568
    • German refusal to issue exequatur to U. S. Consul General at Prague, 457 467; U. S. oral statement maintaining position regarding Czechoslovakia presented with application for exequatur, 458 459
  • Debts of First World War: Effect upon French airplane credits, 501 502, 504 505; status of, 51
  • Dominican Republic, activities regarding refugees from Germany, 62, 70 71, 97, 106, 128, 148 149
  • Enderbury Island. See United Kingdom: Pacific islands.
  • Estonia, withdrawal of notices of termination of commercial treaty of 1925 with United States, and agreement to continue treaty in full force, 468 472
  • Ethiopia, resettlement of refugees in: Premier Mussolini’s reply to President [Page 904]Roosevelt’s message regarding, 57 60, 63 64; objections of Italian Jews, 64 65
  • Extradition. See Treaties: U. S.-Germany and U. S.–Monaco.
  • Fakarava Island in Tuamotu Group, U. S. proposal to France regarding lease of naval aviation base on, 528 533
  • Finland, 473 478
    • Signature of convention with United States regulating military obligations of persons having dual nationality, Jan. 27, 473 476
    • U. S. proposal for naturalization convention with Finland, and Finland’s reply, 476 478
  • France (see also under Spanish Civil War), 479 558
    • Airplanes and airplane parts, French efforts to purchase in United States, 500 528
      • Debt of World War I and its effect upon airplane credits, 501 502, 504 505
      • Establishment of airplane factory in New Orleans by French interests, 505 508, 515 517, 519 520
      • Message of Prime Minister to President Roosevelt expressing appreciation, 500
      • Negotiations for expansion of U. S. airplane and airplane motors industry, 508 514, 517 518, 520 528
    • Albania’s absorption by Italy, French views and reactions to, 379 380, 383, 386, 394, 397
    • Antarctic. See Anglo-French exchange of notes (1938) under Antarctic: U. S. reservation of rights.
    • Censorship of U. S. mails, U. S. representations regarding, 533 540
    • Censorship of U. S. telecommunications to and from French territory, operation of, 540 547
    • Claims arising from sequestration of property during World War I, notes exchanged with United States effecting reciprocal arrangement relative to, 554 558
    • Lease of naval aviation base on Fakarava Island in Tuamotu Group, U. S. proposal regarding, 528 533
    • Military service liability, status under French law of U. S. citizens of French origin with respect to, 479 484
      • Decree of Nov. 12, 1938, and its effect upon, 479 484
      • Decree of Oct. 19, 1939, and its provisions, 484
    • Reorganization of French General Staff, 502 503
    • Soviet Union, relations with, 502
    • Trade agreement with United States (1936), discussions respecting revision of, 485 499
    • Treaties and agreements with United States:
      • Agreement regarding air transport services, effected by notes exchanged July 15, citation to text, 558
      • Arrangement with respect to air navigation, effected by notes exchanged July 15, 558
      • Convention and protocol respecting double taxation, signed July 25, 547 554
        • Arrangements for negotiations at Paris, 547 548
        • Provisions suggested by U. S. Ambassador, 548 551
        • Reports on meetings at Paris, 552 554
  • Friends of Abraham Lincoln Brigade, 790, 800, 801, 804 805, 808, 813
  • Germany (see also Czechoslovakia and under Spanish Civil War), 559 602
    • Albania’s absorption by Italy, German views regarding, 371, 377, 379
    • Athenia, sinking of. See wider United Kingdom.
    • Claims of American citizens to estates of persons deceased in Germany, German declaration regarding transfer of inheritances to beneficiaries, and U. S. dissatisfaction with its application, 592 599
    • Closing of New York office of German Student Exchange Agency at U. S. request, 600 602
    • Jews, persecution of, 574 592
      • Decrees and regulations, additional, report on issuance of, 581 592
      • Protection of American and other foreign Jews, U. S. representations and German replies, 574 581, 591
    • Mixed Claims Commission, United States and Germany, representations by Germany regarding proceedings before, 599
    • Problems arising from annexation of Austria by Germany. See Austria.
    • Refugee problem. See Refugees from Germany and Eastern Europe.
    • Rumania, relations with, 570 571
    • Trade with United States, 567 574
  • Greece, 603 616
    • Albania’s absorption by Italy: Assurances given to Greece by Italy, 394; Greek views and reactions to, 380, 383 385, 390 392, 397, 405
    • Emergency law requiring conversion of earnings of foreign residents in Greece into Greek currency, U. S. representations against, 609 616
    • Trade agreement with United States, willingness of United States to institute discussions with respect to, 603 608
  • Haiti, U. S. disapproval of plan for resettlement of German refugees in, 56 57, 62, 65 66
  • Hawaii, trans-Pacific aviation, 309 310, 315, 316, 319
  • Hungary, informal representations by United States with respect to discrimination against Jewish managers in Hungary for American motion picture producers, 617 619
  • Import and exchange controls. See under United Kingdom.
  • India, negotiations regarding a treaty of commerce and navigation between United States and India, 349 364; U. S. draft of treaty of establishment, commerce, navigation and consular rights, 354 364
  • Intergovernmental Committee on Political Refugees. See under Refugees from Germany and Eastern Europe.
  • Intergovernmental debts owed United States by reason of First World War, status of, 51
  • International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. See Spain: U. S. representations on behalf of American interests in Spanish National Telephone Co.
  • Iran, 398
  • Italy (see also Albania and under Spanish Civil War), 620 654
    • Jews, persecution of (see also Refugee problem, infra), 649 654
      • Decree of Jan. 24 dealing with bank accounts of foreign Jews, 650 651
      • Expulsion of foreign Jews, U. S. efforts to secure postponement of order beyond Mar. 12, 649 650, 651 654
      • U. S. position regarding representations on behalf of American Jews in specific cases, 649
    • President Roosevelt’s suggestions to Italian Ambassador regarding opportunity for Premier Mussolini to make contribution to maintenance of peace in Europe, 620 623
    • Refugee problem (see also Jews, supra): Objections of Italian Jewish leaders to resettlement of refugees in Ethiopia, 64 65; Premier Mussolini’s reply to President Roosevelt’s message regarding resettlement of refugees in Ethiopia, 57 60, 63 64; withdrawal of expulsion order for German and Polish refugees upon appeal from U. S. Ambassador, 158
    • Trade relations with United States, 623 648
      • Difficulties over Italian import quotas for U. S. products, 623 627, 630, 642 644, 646 647; U. S. imposition of countervailing duties on Italian products, 628 630, 631 642, 644 646
      • Temporary commercial arrangement (1937): Interpretation and operation of, 625 626, 642 644; Italian willingness to initiate negotiations for revision, and U. S. attitude, 642, 643, 645, 646, 647 648
      • Treaty of commerce and navigation (1871), U. S. disagreement with Italian understanding regarding conditional denunciation of, 627 628
  • Japan. See U. S. negotiations with Japan and U. S. representations to Japan under Alaskan fisheries.
  • Jews, persecution of. See Refugees from Germany and Eastern Europe; also under Germany, Hungary, and Italy.
  • Kenya Colony, restrictions on imports, and U. S. representations, 320 324
  • League of Nations: Appeal for greater collaboration by non-member states in non-political League activities, and U. S. reply, 52 54; appointment of High Commissioner of Refugees as director of the Intergovernmental Committee on Political Refugees, 96
  • Lithuania, appeal for temporary admission into United States of 10,000 Polish refugees, 157 158; U. S. reply, 158 160
  • Military service. See under France; Treaties: U. S.–Finland.
  • Monaco, signature of extradition treaty with United States Feb. 15, 655
  • Motion picture industry: British restrictions upon imports of, and U. S. representations, 214 215, 218 220, 221 225, 228 231; Hungarian discrimination against Jewish managers in Hungary for American motion picture producers, U. S. informal representations with respect to, 617 619
  • Netherlands, 656 668
    • Unsuccessful negotiations with United States for exchange of cotton and wheat for strategic raw materials, 656 668
    • U. S. request for cooperation in arranging with International Rubber and Tin Committees for special export quotas, and Netherlands reply, 247 248, 257 258
  • New Zealand:
    • Antarctic: Offer to U. S. Antarctic Expedition of facilities in Ross Dependency, and U. S. reply, 10, 15 16; U. S. notification to New Zealand of reservation of rights with respect to Anglo-French exchange of notes (1938) regarding aerial navigation in, 2
    • Conflicting U. S.-British claims to Pacific islands, interest in, 313, 315, 317
  • North Pacific fisheries. See under Canada.
  • Norway, notification to United States of claim in Antarctic, and U. S. reply reserving all rights, 2 3
  • Pacific islands. See under United Kingdom.
  • Pan American Airways, 308, 310 311, 313n , 317
  • Philippine Islands, activities regarding refugees from Germany, 76 77, 97, 106, 128, 137 138
  • Pitcairn Islands, relief of inhabitants by Adm. Byrd, 18 19
  • Poland, 669 706
  • Portugal (see also Angola), preliminary discussions respecting a trade agreement with United States, 707 714
  • Protection of American lives and property. See under Spanish Civil War.
  • Refugees from Germany and Eastern Europe, efforts for relief of, 55 160
  • Refugees from Spain. See under Spanish Civil War.
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D.:
    • Antarctic Service, instructions to Adm. Byrd, commanding officer, 11 14
    • Peace effort, suggestions to Italian Ambassador regarding opportunity for Premier Mussolini to make contribution to maintenance of peace in Europe, 620 623
    • Refugees from Germany and Eastern Europe, problem of: Instructions to U. S. representative on Intergovernmental Committee on Political Refugees for London meeting, July 19–20, 118 120; Premier Mussolini’s reply to message regarding use of Ethiopia for resettlement, 57 60, 63 64; proposal regarding use of Angola for supplementary Jewish homeland, 65, 66 69, 74 75, 87 88, 89 90, 91, 102, 106 107, 134, 143 144, 154
    • Spanish Prime Minister, message to Roosevelt, and reply, 717 718, 719
    • Vatican, relations with: Appointment of Myron C. Taylor as his personal representative to Pope Pius XII, 869 874; text of Christmas letter to Pope Pius XII, 871 872; text of letter to Myron C. Taylor, Dec. 23, 873 874
  • Rubber. See Strategic raw materials under Belgium and United Kingdom.
  • Rumania: Internment of ex-President of Poland and other Polish officials, and U. S. informal representations to Rumania for ex-President’s release, 689 706; proposal for creation of a Jewish state, 100 102; relations with Germany, 570 571
  • St. Lawrence waterway, discussions between United States and Canada respecting, 333 335
  • Salmon fisheries. See Alaskan fisheries.
  • Shanghai, dumping by German and Italian ships of refugees at, 55 56, 60, 74, 91 92, 94 95
  • Soviet Union, 868
  • Spain (see also Spanish Civil War), 715 856
    • Negotiations with Export-Import Bank for credits for purchase of American cotton, 827 828, 829, 832 833, 834, 835 836, 839, 840 841, 846
    • Suits against U. S. Treasury arising from purchases of Spanish silver, 832 833
    • Undertaking of U. S. Mint to supply coinage for account of Spanish Government, U. S. failure to expedite, 851 852, 856
    • U. S. representations on behalf of American interests in Spanish National Telephone Co., 820 856; refusal of Spanish authorities to permit Col. Sosthenes Behn, President of International Telephone and Telegraph Corp., to enter Spain, 820 841 passim
  • Spanish Civil War, 715 820
  • Suspension of hostilities:
  • United Kingdom:
    • Efforts to secure assurances from General Franco regarding reprisals, 733, 751 752, 752 754, 758; text of Franco’s declaration, 751
    • Prime Minister Chamberlain’s visit to Rome, reports of Ambassador Bowers regarding, 722 723, 734
    • Protest against Italian threat to increase volunteers in Spain, 732 733
    • Recognition of Nationalist government, 744 745, 748 749, 750 752, 753
    • Termination of Nyon agreement (1937), notification to Italy, 774 775
    • Use of warships: As place of asylum, practice regarding, 795; to protect refugee ships in Spanish waters, attitude toward, 793, 794 795
  • U. S. Consulate General at Barcelona, retention of, 720, 721, 726, 731
  • U. S. Embassy staff at Barcelona, arrangements for evacuation and for maintenance of contact with Loyalist Government, 720 721, 724, 726, 728, 730 731, 734 735, 743 744
  • Volunteers:
  • Strategic raw materials. See Netherlands: Unsuccessful negotiations with United States; also under Belgium and United Kingdom.
  • Surinam, 87
  • Sweden, signature of convention and protocol with United States for avoidance of double taxation, Mar. 23, 857
  • Switzerland: Arrangements for securing war emergency supplies from United States, 858 867; texts of notes exchanged in May and November, 863 867
  • Taxation: Arrangement between United States and France respecting double taxation, signed July 25, 547 554; convention and protocol between United States and Sweden for avoidance of double taxation, signed Mar. 23, 857
  • Taylor, Myron C, appointment as President Roosevelt’s personal representative to Pope Pius XII, 869 874
  • Tin. See Strategic raw materials under Belgium and United Kingdom.
  • Tobacco, British restrictions on import of, and U. S. representations, 215 216, 232 233
  • Trade agreements between United States and other countries:
    • Conclusion of agreements with Canada: Proclamation by President Roosevelt issued Nov. 30, pursuant to art. III of trade agreement with Canada (1938), respecting allocation of tariff duty on heavy cattle during 1940, 347; supplementary trade agreement with regard to fox furs and skins, signed Dec. 30, 347
    • Discussions and negotiations with—
    • Revision or termination of agreement with United Kingdom, possibility of, 221, 227, 233
  • Treaties, conventions, etc.:
    • Anglo-French exchange of notes (1938), regarding aerial navigation in the Antarctic. See under Antarctic: U. S. reservation of rights.
    • Anglo-Italian agreement regarding Mediterranean status quo (1938), cited, 371, 376, 385, 393
    • Congo Basin Treaties (1919), cited, 320 321, 323 324
    • Convention for exemption from taxation of liquid fuel and lubricants used in air traffic, signed Mar. 1, 35 36
    • Hague Convention XI (1907), cited, 270, 689
    • International Telecommunications Convention (1932), cited, 273
    • Italy-Albania, secret agreement, 369, 375
    • Italy-Yugoslavia, secret protocol to treaty of 1937, 371, 375
    • London Naval Treaty (1930), cited, 283
    • Nyon agreement (1937), termination of, 774 775
    • U. S.–Canada. See under Canada.
    • U. S.–Estonia, withdrawal by Estonia of notices of termination of commercial treaty of 1925, and agreement to continue treaty in full force, 468 472
    • U. S.–Finland, convention regulating military obligations of persons having dual nationality, signed Jan. 27, 473 476
    • U. S.–France. See under France.
    • U. S.–Germany, extension of extradition treaty (1930) to territory in which Austro-American extradition treaty was effective, 566 567
    • U. S.–Italy. See under Italy: Trade relations with United States.
    • U. S.–Monaco, extradition treaty, signed Feb. 15, 655
    • U. S.–Sweden, signature of convention and protocol for avoidance of double taxation, Mar. 23, 857
    • U. S.–United Kingdom. See under United Kingdom.
  • Turkey, views and reactions to Albania’s absorption by Italy, 382, 395 396, 398 401, 405
  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 868
  • United Kingdom (see also under Spanish Civil War), 213 324
  • U. S. Congress, legislation introduced by Alaskan delegate for protection of Alaskan salmon fisheries, 171 172, 205, 208 209
  • U. S. surplus merchant ships, decision of United States against sale by U. S. Maritime Commission to British Government, 300 306
  • Vatican, appointment of Myron C. Taylor as President Roosevelt’s personal representative to Pope Pius XII, 869 874
    • President Roosevelt’s Christmas letter to Pope Pius XII, Dec. 23, 871 872
    • President Roosevelt’s letter to Myron C. Taylor, Dec. 23, 873 874
  • Whaling Conference. See under Conferences.
  • Wheat:
  • Yugoslavia, 875 898
    • Albania’s absorption by Italy: Assurances given by Italy to Yugoslavia, 370, 379, 380, 390, 394; Yugoslav views and reactions to, 370, 371, 373, 376, 377, 378 379, 380, 387, 390, 394, 396 397
    • Commercial relations with United States, proposals for regulation of, 875 884
      • U. S. interest in securing assurances of non-discriminatory treatment of imports from United States, 876 882, 884
      • Yugoslav inquiries regarding initiation of trade agreement negotiations, and U. S. views, 875 876, 882 884
    • Purchase of surplus cotton in United States, failure of Yugoslavia to obtain American credits for, 887 898
    • Purchase of war materials in United States, action of Department of State to facilitate, 884 886