The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Estonia ( Carlson )
Sir: Reference is made to your despatch No. 368 of May 22, 1935,22 with respect to the desire of the Estonian Government to have the existing Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Consular Rights between the United States and Estonia modified from May 22, 1936, and to other despatches and reports from your office on the subject of American-Estonian trade relations. The treatment of American trade in Estonia and the question of the modification of the existing Treaty were discussed with Minister MacMurray when he visited the Department recently on leave of absence.
The Department desires you to deliver at an early date to the Estonian Minister for Foreign Affairs a signed note along the lines of the draft contained in the first enclosure to this instruction. In presenting this note you should point out orally that under American constitutional procedure the modification of a treaty requires approval of the Senate and that it is hoped that an agreement with respect to the revision of the treaty can be reached without undue delay, in order that the treaty embodying the modifications agreed upon may be submitted [Page 189] to, and approved by, the Senate before the expiration of the existing treaty.
The Department hopes that it will be possible during the course of the forthcoming negotiations to come to an agreement with the Estonian Government which will ensure most-favored-nation treatment for American trade in Estonia. In order that the Estonian Government may be fully informed with respect to the general foreign trade policy of this Government, you should hand a copy of the memorandum transmitted herewith as enclosure No. 2 to the Estonian Minister for Foreign Affairs during the course of your interview, stating that you believe that an explanation of the general foreign trade policy of the Government of the United States would be of interest to the Estonian Government in connection with the forthcoming negotiations.
The Department suggests that the Legation endeavor to arrange discussions with the Estonian officials directly charged with the negotiations with a view to enlightening them with respect to the foreign trade policy of the American Government and to clarifying any points upon which they may not be fully informed and concerning which they may desire additional information. The general foreign trade policy of this Government has been set forth at length in the numerous press releases and other material which has been forwarded from time to time to the Legation. It is believed that the Legation can, in this manner, assist materially in bringing about a satisfactory conclusion to these negotiations, and the Department is confident that it will endeavor to facilitate in every appropriate manner complete understanding by the competent Estonian authorities of the position of this Government.
A complete report of your action should be submitted promptly to the Department. The comments of the Legation and memoranda of conversations with Estonian officials will be read with much interest. The modifications proposed by the Estonian Government should be forwarded to the Department as soon as the Legation receives them. An appropriate reference to this instruction should be made in all your correspondence with the Department on this matter.
Very truly yours,
- Not printed; see telegram No. 5 of the same date from the Chargé in Estonia, supra.↩
- Neither printed; but see despatch No. 283 (Diplomatic), January 29, from the Chargé in Estonia, p. 179.↩
- Ante, p. 187.↩
- 48 Stat. 943.↩
- See pp. 739 ff. For text of the agreement signed on May 25, 1935, see Executive Agreement Series No. 79 or 49 Stat. 3755.↩
- Department of State, Press Releases, July 13, 1935, p. 43.↩
- See vol. iv, pp. 642 ff. For text of the agreement signed on March 28, 1935, see Executive Agreement Series No. 78 or 49 Stat. 3737.↩
- See pp. 102 ff. For text of the agreement signed on February 27, 1935, see Executive Agreement Series No. 75 or 49 Stat. 3680.↩
- Not attached to file copy.↩