825.00 Revolutions/66: Telegram
The Ambassador in Chile (Culbertson) to the Secretary of State
Santiago, June 5,
[Received 9:11 p.m.]
53. The following is program of immediate action given out by the Junta
about an hour ago:
- “1. The assumption by the Junta and its ministry of the
entire public power.
- 2. The dissolution of the National Congress.
- 3. The organization of a Committee of Subsistence Control,
with requisitioning and such other powers as are necessary
to assure the provisioning of the people. Distribution of
foodstuffs, using among others those of the Army.
- 4. Increase in the surtax on incomes greater than 36,000
pesos a year, and of the additional tax on Chileans
- 5. The immediate assignment of the fiscal farms, of those
belonging to persons who are indebted to credit institutions
and of those which are unproductive because of lack of
exploitation, for the colonization with the unemployed,
establishing collective colonization with unemployed, under
the technical direction of the state.
- 6. The suspension of ejections of small lessees behind in
their rents and the immediate occupation of vacant
- 7. The pardon of the sailors condemned for the happenings
at Coquimbo and Talcahuano and all others on trial and
convicted for political crimes and the repeal of the law of
Internal Safety of the State.3
- 8. The immediate opening of the nitrate of Icinas that use
the Shanks process and other low-cost production
- 9. The immediate liquidation or reorganization of
- 10. The monopoly of gold for account of the State and its
exploitation to obtain 30 kilos per day.
- 11. The monopoly of iodine and soon of gasoline, matches,
tobacco, alcohol and sugar.
- 12. The organization of production until the “dumping” of
nitrate and iodine is obtained.
- 13. The extension by the State of commerce abroad.
- 14. The progressive and constant increase of the
socialization of credit.
- 15. The organization of the Commercial House of the State
annexed to the railways for the purchase and sale of the
articles of prime necessity.
- 16. The reorganization of the diplomatic and consular
service in order to adapt to the necessities of foreign
- 17. The reorganization, selection and reduction of the
- 18. The abolition of the import duty on Argentine
livestock, wheat and raw materials for the use of national
industries which manufacture food products.
- 19. Looking into the establishment of an operating
Constituent Assembly which will draft a new fundamental
Please repeat all telegrams to War and Navy.