The Minister in Costa Rica (Eberhardt) to the Secretary of State

No. 1194

Sir: For the information of the Department, I have the honor to transmit herewith two self-explanatory memoranda which refer to the subject of my telegram No. 70 of November 15, 2 p.m. (1932).

Respectfully yours,

Charles C. Eberhardt
[Enclosure 1]

Memorandum by the Minister in Costa Rica (Eberhardt)

This morning, at the close of one of my regular visits to the Foreign Office, Minister Pacheco insisted on bringing up the subject very dear to his heart—that of the Central American Pacts of 1923 and the relations [Page 333]of the other co-signers thereof with the present régime in El Salvador. He appears to have been prompted to take up this subject again by the almost unanimously favorable reception which had been accorded, not only in Costa Rica but also throughout Central America, to the recent publication in the local press of President Jiménez’ statement concerning his proposal to enter Costa Rica’s denunciation of the Treaty of Peace and Amity.

Minister Pacheco, admitting that it was largely a matter of personal ambition, stated that he was formulating plans to proceed to Guatemala within the next week or two to take up with General Ubico the question of calling a conference of the co-signers of the Treaty for the purpose of forthwith denouncing the Treaty and recognizing the Martínez régime. His reason for wishing to proceed first to Guatemala appears to be because of President Ubico’s reported attitude on this subject. He felt that the Guatemalan President will be the most difficult of any of the Chief Executives in Central America to induce to either call such a conference or to take part in it. His plan would be to keep the present Treaty in force, if possible, after eliminating Articles II and V, and amending Article IV to read in substance that emigrados from neighboring countries, in case of strained relations, should be compelled to retire 50 miles from the frontier.

Dr. Pacheco did not, in this case, ask my opinion or what I thought the State Department’s attitude might be. It was a mere narration of his opinion.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Charles C. Eberhardt
[Enclosure 2]

Memorandum by the Minister in Costa Rica (Eberhardt)

Today I called at the Presidential residence to inquire about the health of the wife of the President who had just returned by airplane from Panama where she had gone some two weeks ago for special treatment.

As I was leaving, President Jiménez brought up the subject of the 1923 Treaty of Peace and Amity and the favorable reception which had been accorded the article which was published in La Tribuna on November 9th. He went on to say that, where at the beginning of his administration he refused to give even a thought to the possible denunciation of the Treaty, the continued pressure which had been brought to bear on him by prominent individuals in all the other countries who were co-signers of the Treaty had led him to believe [Page 334]that, working jointly, some such denunciation of the Treaty as well as the immediate recognition of the Martínez régime in El Salvador might legally be effected. He further stated that Minister Pacheco is endeavoring to secure his (the President’s) permission to make a trip to Guatemala within the next few days where he would inaugurate plans for calling a conference of these countries toward this end. He added that, while he was not at all unfavorably inclined toward this plan, he had not yet made up his mind whether or not to fall in with the plan, but that it was both possible and likely that he would. He concluded his statement with the remark that in case he decided to take any such action, I would be immediately advised.

Charles C. Eberhardt