The Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (Blake) to the Secretary of State
[Received September 5.]
Sir: I have the honor to transmit to the Department, annexed hereto, copy of a Memorandum which, in pursuance of the Department’s cable Instruction No. 11 of August 9th, 1928, 1 p.m.,15 I have prepared and despatched, under date of August 15th, 1928, to Ambassador Hammond, dealing fully with the question of the reservations as to certain claims, appended by my Spanish Colleague, to the report drawn up jointly by him and myself on the subject of the general liquidation of outstanding American claims, as a preliminary to the recognition of the Spanish Zone of Morocco by the American Government.
The Memorandum is divided into three sections. The first concerns the possibility of a spontaneous waiver by the Spanish Government of the reservations in question, or the admission of the claims practically without discussion, upon grounds of conciliatory expediency. The second, views the contingency of a controversy of a formal nature on the subject and sets forth a detailed exposition of the arguments and circumstances supporting the admissibility of the claims in question. The third and concluding section—on the supposition that there might be failure to agree—refers to the desirability of an early adjustment of the position between Spain and the United States in Morocco, and reiterates my former suggestion that American recognition of the Spanish Zone of Morocco be made immediately after payment of the undisputed larger claims, and [Page 360]that the small claims under reservation be left over for further discussion. However, this suggestion is modified by the proposal to relieve both the American and Spanish Governments from further preoccupation with these minor claims, by referring the ultimate disposition thereof unreservedly to the American Diplomatic Agency in Tangier and to the Spanish Residency-General in Tetuan.
In conclusion, it will be of interest for me to signalize to the Department that Great Britain is the only Power which has, so far, obtained any adequate satisfaction in regard to indemnity for claims against the Maghzen in the Spanish Zone. The successful liquidation of British claims has been due solely to the relentless persistence with which the British Government has pursued the matter with the Spanish Government over a period of 12 years up to the date of the arbitration referred to in Section II of the enclosed Memorandum. It will be obvious to the Department, that if a more or less immediate liquidation by the Spanish Government of American claims should fail to result from the present negotiations, the unrelaxing pressure of the Department upon, and its constantly recurring reminders to, the Spanish Government will similarly be essential for the purpose of obtaining the desired adjustment of the position, in so far as concerns their relations in Morocco, between the Governments of Washington and Madrid.
I have [etc.]
- Instruction not printed.↩