893.00 Nanking/22: Telegram

The Secretary of State to the Minister in China (MacMurray)


118. Your telegrams numbers 317 and 318 of April 1, 8 p.m. and 9 p.m.; received April 2, 2:47 a.m. and April 1, 9:35 p.m., were both distributed for action in the forenoon of April 2.

The American Government authorizes you to have the following demands presented to General Chiang Kai-shek and Eugene Ch’en provided the four other chiefly interested powers join:

“A. (1) That adequate punishment be given to the commander of the troops which were responsible for the murders and personal [Page 177] injuries and the indirect and material damage which was done, as well as to all persons who are found to have been implicated.

(2) That the commander in chief of the Nationalist army make a written apology including therein an express undertaking to refrain from violence and agitation in all forms against the lives and property of foreigners.

(3) That full reparation be made for personal injuries and also for the material damage done.

B. That, at the same time that the demands are presented, Chiang Kai-shek be informed through our consuls general that the interested powers will be compelled to take such measures as they deem appropriate unless he demonstrates to our satisfaction that he intends to promptly comply with these terms.”

The American Government reserves its opinion with respect to what sanctions shall be employed if the use of sanctions becomes necessary.