393.1164/33

The Minister in China ( MacMurray ) to the Secretary of State

No. 614

Sir: Referring to my despatch No. 498, of March 10, 1926,10 and previous correspondence regarding the widespread character of the anti-Christian movement in China, I have the honor to transmit herewith a copy of a note which I addressed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on April 7, 1926, protesting against the treatment which had been accorded to missionaries and Christian converts in the district of Waichow in Kwangtung. There is likewise transmitted [Page 710] herewith a copy of a further note dated May 22, 1926, protesting against the continuance of the anti-Christian activity in that region and also protesting against the anti-Christian agitation on the Island of Hainan. As regards conditions in Hainan, I have the honor to refer to the Department’s instruction No. 192, of March 30, 1926 (File No. 393.1162/6), transmitting a copy of a letter from the Executive Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in America, stating that from the latest news received by the Board all was well in Hainan. However, on May 10th the American Consul-General at Canton reported that he had received a telegram from the American Presbyterian Mission at Hainan that the Americans had all left Kachek because of the unfriendly attitude of the Chinese people and also that the mission at Nodoa was occupied by soldiers. This information was transmitted to the Department in my telegram No. 205 of May 11th, 11 a.m.11a On May 18th the Consul-General at Canton again telegraphed that the mission at Kachek had been entered and looted by an anti-Christian mob and considerable damage had been done to the property. This information was transmitted to the Department in my telegram No. 220, of May 20th, 4 p.m.11a The latest news received from Canton in regard to Hainan is contained in a telegram from the American Consul-General, dated May 31st, 5 p.m.,12 in which he states that troops have finally evacuated the mission at Nodoa and that Americans are prepared to leave Nodoa on short notice, if necessary. However, he believes that they can safely continue to remain for the present at Hoihow, which is the treaty port on the coast of the island.

I have [etc.]

J. V. A. MacMurray
[Enclosure 1]

The American Minister ( MacMurray ) to the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs ( Hoo )

No. 203

Excellency: I have the honor to refer to my despatch of February 10, 1926, regarding the increase both of lawlessness and anti-Christian propaganda in China, and to inform Your Excellency that I have received a report from the American Consul-General at Canton describing the outrageous and insulting treatment which is being accorded to missionaries and Christian converts in the District of Waichow, Kwangtung, by Chinese troops known as the “Whampoa Cadets”. It appears that on Christmas day, 1925, a large anti-Christian parade and demonstration was held at Waichow by students [Page 711] and soldiers. From that date up to the present, the missionaries of the Seventh Day Adventist Mission at Waichow, together with their students and native converts, have been subjected to all manner of persecution by the soldiers. The walls, gates and buildings of the mission have been written over with obscene pictures and characters; students of the mission schools have been threatened and fired at with blank cartridges; soldiers have been stationed at the mission gates to prevent any one going into the mission, and workmen employed by the mission have been threatened and beaten. The American missionaries and their families have been constantly subjected to insult and four of their chapels and schools have been robbed and the furniture broken up by soldiers living in them.

I have the honor to request that Your Excellency will issue instructions to the authorities concerned to cease at once this persecution which is, as Your Excellency is aware, a violation of international law and contrary to the treaties between China and the United States.

I avail myself [etc.]

J. V. A. MacMurray
[Enclosure 2]

The American Legation to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

No. 230

The American Legation presents its compliments to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and has the honor to refer to the note of April 7, 1926, from the Legation, regarding the outrageous and insulting treatment which is being accorded to American missionaries and Chinese Christian converts in the district of Waichow, Kwangtung, including the occupation of various of their chapels and schools by soldiers. The American Legation now desires to inform the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that it has received a telegram from the American Consul-General at Canton stating that soldiers continue to occupy these mission chapels. The same telegram reports that the American members of the American Presbyterian Mission at Kachek, Island of Hainan, have left that place because of the unfriendly attitude of the Chinese people; and also that the compound of the American Mission at Nodoa, Island of Hainan, is still occupied by soldiers, in spite of repeated protests from the American Consul-General at Canton. A later telegram reports that the mission at Kachek was entered and looted by an anti-Christian mob and that considerable damage was done to the property.

The American Legation must again protest in the strongest possible manner against this continued ill-treatment of American missionaries and their property.

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  4. Not found in Department files.