List of Papers

[Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

CUBA

Ratification of the Treaty of March 2, 1904, Between the United States and Cuba for the Adjustment of Title to the Ownership of the Isle of Pines

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Dec. 31 From Senator Joe T. Robinson
Request for copy of a letter addressed by Secretary of State Hay to Representative Jenkins of Wisconsin, about December 1904, for use in advocating the ratification of the treaty of March 2, 1904, relating to the Isle of Pines.
1
1925 Jan. 2 To Senator Joe T. Robinson
Transmission of copy of a letter written by Acting Secretary of State Adee to Representative Jenkins, December 15, 1903 (text printed), in regard to the unratified treaty of July 2, 1903, relating to the Isle of Pines. Comments, also memorandum (text printed), on the status of the Isle of Pines.
1
Mar. 13 (38) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Information that the Senate has given its advice and consent to the ratification of the treaty of March 2, 1904, subject to reservation and understanding to be set forth in an exchange of notes.
11
1904 Mar. 2 Treaty Between the United States of America and Cuba
For the adjustment of title to ownership of the Isle of Pines.
11
1925 Mar. 13 Senate Resolution
Advising and consenting to the ratification of the treaty, subject to reservation and understanding to be set forth in an exchange of notes.
13
Mar. 17 To the Cuban Ambassador
Notification of the Senate resolution giving advice and consent to the ratification of the treaty; and assurance that the present note is sufficient acceptance on the part of the U. S. Government of the reservation and understanding contained in the Senate resolution.
13
Mar. 18 From the Cuban Ambassador
Acceptance by Cuba of the Senate reservations with respect to the treaty.
14

Negotiations Between the United States and Cuba for Treaties Regarding Consular Rights, Extradition, and Smuggling

[Page X][Page XI]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 8 (968) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Report that the Embassy has been approached by the Cuban Secretary of State as to the desirability of negotiating a consular convention between the two countries.
14
Feb. 2 (420) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Instructions to ascertain whether Cuba would be disposed to conclude with the United States a convention to suppress smuggling of intoxicating liquors, narcotics, immigration, and for other purposes, and a supplementary extradition convention similar to conventions concluded between the United States and Canada.
15
Feb. 11 (22) From the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Report that, in connection with suggested smuggling and extradition conventions, the Cuban Secretary of State again referred to the desirability of negotiating a consular convention. Inquiry whether the Department wishes to take any action.
17
Mar. 11 (442) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Information that the Department is willing to negotiate a consular convention, provided Cuba agrees to conclude the smuggling and extradition conventions already suggested and also a convention to prevent liquor smuggling similar to that concluded by the United States with Great Britain on January 23, 1924.
17
Mar. 18 (446) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Instructions with respect to the phraseology of the second paragraph of article IV of the convention to prevent smuggling of intoxicating liquors.
19
July 18 (505) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Transmission of certain articles from draft convention for the prevention of smuggling agreed upon during conference held at El Paso with representatives of Mexican Government (text printed). Instructions to submit these articles to the Cuban representatives and to endeavor to have them included in the smuggling convention.
20
Sept. 1 (1166) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Report on the status of negotiations with respect to the consular convention.
22
Sept. 11 (1176) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Report on the status of negotiations with respect to the extradition convention. Transmission of Cuban counterdraft.
24
Sept. 24 (543) To the Ambassador in Cuba
Comments with regard to the Cuban counterdraft of the extradition convention.
25
Oct. 22 (1217) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Report on negotiations with respect to the extradition convention. Transmission of a draft convention agreeable to the Cuban Government and apparently in accord with the Department’s views.
27
Nov. 3 (1225) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Transmission of Cuban counterproposals with respect to the convention for the suppression of smuggling.
28
Nov. 3 (1227) From the Ambassador in Cuba
Suggestion that the Department assist the Ambassador in his negotiations for smuggling and extradition conventions by giving prompt consideration to the Cuban counterproposals with respect to the consular convention.
30
Nov. 4 (120) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Approval of draft extradition convention transmitted October 22; and information that full powers would be sent.
(Footnote: Information that full powers were sent November 7, 1925.)
30
Nov. 14 (124) To the Ambassador in Cuba (tel.)
Note for Foreign Minister (text printed) expressing regret at delay in examination of Cuban counterproposals regarding the consular convention and promising their early consideration.
31

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

Extradition Treaty Between the United States and Czechoslovakia, Signed July 2, 1925

Date and number Subject Page
1922 Sept. 5 (73) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia
Transmission of draft extradition treaty similar to treaties the United States has concluded with other powers. Instructions to inform the Foreign Office of the desire of the United States to enter into a treaty with Czechoslovakia based upon the draft.
32
1923 Apr. 24 (429) From the Chargé in Czechoslovakia
Report on the status of negotiations regarding the extradition treaty.
32
1925 July 2 Treaty Between the United States of America and Czechoslovakia
For the extradition of fugitives from justice.
33

Objection by the Department of State to Private Loans to Czechoslovakia Pending Settlement of Czechoslovak Debts to the United States Government

[Page XII][Page XIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 June 9 (21) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Information of the Department’s statement, made in reply to an inquiry from Dillon, Read & Co. regarding a $60,000,000 loan to Czechoslovakia, that it would not view with favor any American loan to Czechoslovakia until that Government replies to the U. S. debt-refunding note.
39
June 17 (30) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Report that Mr. Dillon intends to inform the Foreign Office that, when the U. S. debt-refunding note has been satisfactorily answered, he will discuss short-term credit to stabilize the currency; also that he intends to cooperate fully with the Department.
39
July 23 (30) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Instructions to make discreet inquiries and, if the National City Co. or any other U. S. banker is found to be negotiating a loan with Czechoslovakia, to advise the bank’s representative of the Department’s attitude on loans and credits to Czechoslovakia.
40
July 25 (43) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Report that the National City Co. has advanced $12,000,000 to Czechoslovakia as installment on future loan.
41
Aug. 4 (34) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Instructions to make discreet investigation of actual situation with respect to the Government’s need of funds, in view of conflicting reports of National City Co. and Dillon, Read & Co. regarding $12,000,000 advance.
41
Aug. 10 (46) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Report of an advance to Czechoslovakia through a local bank from a foreign bank; belief that the Government is not in urgent need of funds but would welcome loan to handle maturing short-term loans.
42
Aug. 13 (35) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Information that the National City Co. concurs in U. S. views regarding Czechoslovak financing; that certain advances have been made by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to a Czechoslovak institution functioning as a state bank of issue; and that the Czechoslovak note on debt refunding has been received.
42
Sept. 3 (50) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Report that the commercial attaché has learned from the representative of the New York Trust Co. that that company and other U. S. banks had advanced $12,000,000 to Czechoslovak Banking Office since last June; and that the commercial attaché believes this representative is negotiating further advances.
43
Sept. 12 (43) To the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Information of the New York Trust Co.’s statement that it has merely been discussing the possibility of extending credit to the Czechoslovak Banking Office and is continuing the discussions in expectation of favorable outcome of debt-funding negotiations; and of the Department’s reply conveying views on Czechoslovak financing.
43
Sept. 14 (52) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Report that the New York Trust Co. representative made a positive statement to the commercial attaché that credit of $12,000,000 had actually been made to Czechoslovak Banking Office; that the statement was made because the representative was interested in ascertaining whether the Federal Reserve Bank had made a similar credit.
44
Sept. 23 (54) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Report that the loan being negotiated by the National City Co. will be utilized to meet the maturing short-term indebtedness; that the Czechoslovak Debt Funding Commission is concluding a loan in Paris in which Dillon, Read & Co. will participate.
44
Oct. 2 (56) From the Minister in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Commercial attaches report that a loan for $50,000,000 has been agreed upon with the National City Co., the proceeds to be utilized to meet short-term indebtedness.
44
Oct. 14 Memorandum by Mr. Spencer Phenix, of the Office of the Economic Adviser
Record of telephone conversations with the counsel for the National City Co., in which the counsel inquired as to the Department’s position with respect to Czechoslovak financing, in view of the fact that the agreement for funding the Czechoslovak indebtedness to the United States had been signed; and the counsel had been informed that the Department would offer no objection to the negotiations looking to an American loan to Czechoslovakia.
45

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Notes Exchanged Between the Secretary of State and the Dominican Minister in Washington Explanatory of the Convention of December 27, 1924

[Page XIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 31 From the Dominican Minister
Inquiry as to U. S. views with respect to certain points relative to the execution of the convention of December 27, 1924.
46
Apr. 4 To the Dominican Minister
U. S. views with respect to the various points raised by the Dominican Minister; and suggestion of an exchange of notes confirming understandings.
47
Apr. 8 Memorandum by the Commissioner in the Dominican Republic of a Conversation With the Confidential Agent of President Vasquez
Agreement upon a draft resolution for the Dominican National Congress (text printed), approving the convention with certain explanations and understandings.
49
Aug. 27 Memorandum by Mr. Orme Wilson, of the Division of Latin American Affairs, of a Conversation With the Dominican Secretary of Legation
Arrangements for instruments of ratification containing only the actual text of the convention, and for an exchange of notes setting forth the explanations and understandings.
52
Oct. 5 From the Dominican Minister
Transmittal, for U. S. approval, of resolution No. 179, passed by the Dominican Congress, May 23 and 25, 1925, approving the convention with explanations and understandings.
52
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 8] From the Dominican Legation
Discussion of the difference between the explanatory statements contained in the resolution approving the 1907 convention and those in the resolution approving the 1924 convention.
53
Oct. 24 To the Dominican Minister
Approval of the explanations and understandings contained in the Dominican resolution.
54
Oct. 24 From the Dominican Minister
Understanding with respect to the interpretation of certain provisions of the convention.
55
Oct. 24 To the Dominican Minister
Concurrence in the Dominican Minister’s understanding with respect to the interpretation of certain provisions of the convention.
57

ECUADOR

Claim of the Mercantile Bank of the Americas Against Ecuador for the Debt of the Cacao Growers Association

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 27 (2) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s note (text printed) contending that the claim of the Mercantile Bank against the Association of Agriculturists is not a case for diplomatic intervention.
59
Mar. 17 (5) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Note for the Foreign Minister (text printed) denying the Ecuadoran contention that the bank’s claim is not a case for diplomatic intervention and expressing the expectation that the matter will be brought to a successful conclusion Instructions to present orally the seriousness of the situation, since the Department is considering the recall of the Minister for consultation.
60
May 6 (15) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Report that an agreement has been reached between representatives of the bank and the association.
63
May 9 (12) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Information that the Department has been advised by the bank of the settlement reached with the association. Instructions to continue to report developments.
(Footnote: Information that the agreement was signed on May 15.)
64

Withholding of Recognition by the United States of the Revolutionary Government in Ecuador

[Page XV]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 July 10 (28) From the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Report that a military coup d’état has taken place with no bloodshed and no public disorder.
64
July 14 (19) To the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to avoid any action which might be construed as recognition of the revolutionary regime.
64
July 28 (25) To the Chargé in Ecuador (tel.)
Department’s disposition to permit Ecuadoran consular officers appointed by revolutionary regime to carry on their duties provisionally without exequaturs.
65
July 29 To the Ecuadoran Chargé
Statement that the Department’s action in continuing to transact business with the Legation should not be construed as recognition of the regime functioning in Ecuador as other than de facto authorities.
65

ESTONIA

Agreement Between the United States and Estonia for Mutual Unconditional Most-Favored-Nation Treatment in Customs Matters, Signed March 2, 1925

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 2 To the Estonian Minister
Statement of understanding with reference to mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment to be accorded in customs matters.
66
Mar. 2 From the Estonian Minister
Statement of understanding with reference to mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment to be accorded in customs matters.
68
Aug. 1 From the Estonian Minister
Notification that on June 19 the Estonian Parliament ratified the notes exchanged March 2 and that the arrangement is therefore now operative.
69

Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Consular Rights Between the United States and Estonia, Signed December 23, 1925

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Dec. 23 Treaty Between the United States of America and Estonia, and Accompanying Protocol
Of friendship, commerce and consular rights.
70

FINLAND

Agreement Between the United States and Finland for Mutual Unconditional Most-Favored-Nation Treatment in Customs Matters, Signed May 2, 1925

[Page XVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1924 Aug. 1 (16) To the Minister in Finland (tel.)
Draft note handed to the Finnish Minister July 31 (text printed) for the immediate conclusion of an agreement, to be effected through an exchange of notes, assuring reciprocal unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in commercial matters. Instructions to present a copy to the Foreign Office and to endeavor to expedite favorable action.
86
Oct. 30 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Draft note presented by the Finnish Minister (text printed) enlarging the scope of the agreement.
88
1925 Undated To the Finnish Legation
Insistence upon confining the exchange of notes to the subject of commerce.
91
May 2 To the Finnish Minister
Statement of understanding with reference to mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment to be accorded in customs matters.
94
May 2 From the Finnish Minister
Statement of understanding with reference to mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment to be accorded in customs matters.
96
Nov. 30 (28) To the Minister in Finland (tel.)
Instructions to urge the Finnish Government to ratify the agreement at the earliest practicable date and to make it retroactive to November 27, 1925, the date on which the treaty concluded between Finland and Spain on July 16, 1925, goes into effect.
98
Dec. 2 (46) From the Minister in Finland (tel.)
Foreign Office note, November 25 (text printed), conveying assurance regarding the treatment of U. S. imports from November 27 onward.
98
Dec. 24 From the Finnish Minister
Notification that necessary legislative measures have been completed and that the agreement has been made effective in all its parts in Finland.
99

Agreement Between the United States and Finland Respecting Tonnage Dues and Other Charges, Signed December 21, 1925

[Page XVII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Apr. 30 To the Finnish Minister
Draft note (text printed) for the conclusion of an agreement, to be effected through an exchange of notes, respecting tonnage dues and other charges on vessels and imposts on the goods imported in them.
99
Dec. 17 Memorandum by Mr. Wallace M. McClure, of the Office of the Economic Adviser
Record of certain provisions inserted in the draft note at the request of the Finnish Minister.
101
Dec. 21 To the Finnish Minister
Statement of understanding with respect to tonnage dues and other charges.
101
Dec. 21 From the Finnish Minister
Statement of understanding with respect to tonnage dues and other charges.
103
1926 Jan. 30 From the Finnish Minister
Notification that the statute bringing into force the agreement on the part of Finland was enacted on January 29, 1926.
104

FRANCE

Precautions by the United States for the Safety of Americans During the Syrian Insurrection

[Page XVIII][Page XIX][Page XX][Page XXI]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Aug. 7 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report on causes of the Druse uprising; the unsuccessful efforts of the French to subdue the uprising and the seriousness of the military situation; the sending by the French authorities at Damascus of their families to Beirut and their advice that the U. S. and Italian consuls do likewise.
105
Aug. 10 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Authorization to use his discretion, in consultation with the consul at Damascus, as to advising U. S. citizens in affected region to go to Beirut. Information that arrangements will be made for the dispatch of two U. S. destroyers from the Mediterranean to Beirut or Alexandria, if the consul deems it necessary.
106
Aug. 11 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Opinion that it is not yet necessary or advisable to send U. S. destroyers to Beirut. Report on the unsuccessful military measures of the French.
106
Oct. 9 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report that the Druse uprising is spreading and that the French have insufficient troops to cope with both the Druses and possible general uprisings.
107
Oct. 17 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Instructions to telegraph recommendations regarding an appeal of Dr. Ward, of the American University at Beirut, for $50,000 for refugees in Hauran; and to comment on press reports that the Druse tribesmen have cut the Damascus-Beirut railway.
107
Oct. 19 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Recommendation that the Red Cross send the $50,000 for refugees in Hauran. Information that the Damascus-Beirut railway has not yet been reported cut. Request that the two U. S. destroyers be ready to proceed to Alexandria.
108
Oct. 19 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report that two-thirds of Damascus is in the hands of revolutionists; that foreigners have taken refuge in consulates; and that the Damascus-Beirut railway has been cut.
108
Oct. 20 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Information that the two destroyers have been ordered to Alexandria but can be diverted direct to Beirut if the consul so recommends. Instructions to make recommendations and report on possible relief funds required for U. S. citizens and the native population.
109
Oct. 21 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Opinion that the destroyers are not yet needed at Beirut, but should wait at Alexandria; that no relief funds are required for U. S. citizens. Recommendation that the Red Cross send $15,000 to the American Emergency Relief Committee for immediate relief of 8,000 Christian refugees.
109
Oct. 23 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report that the French have demanded gold and rifles from Damascus by noon October 24, otherwise they will recommence the bombardment of the city. Possibility that arrangements can be made to postpone or prevent the bombardment. Inquiry whether the Department would consider making representations to Paris.
110
Oct. 23 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Advice that the Department could not appropriately intervene in present situation; desire, however, to protect U. S. citizens.
110
Oct. 23 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report that Syria has guaranteed to pay the fine, and the bombardment has been postponed pending more definite settlement; that refugees are pouring into Beirut; that brigandage is spreading, and uprisings at Beirut and other places are potentially possible. Repetition of inquiry whether Department would consider making representations to Paris.
110
Oct. 24 (391) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to make immediate and vigorous representations to the Foreign Minister with respect to the protection of U. S. lives and property in Syria.
111
Oct. 26 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Request that the Red Cross and the Near East Relief be informed of the dire distress of 12,000 Armenian refugees at Damascus. Repetition of recommendation that the Red Cross send $50,000 immediately and possibly more later.
111
Oct. 27 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Arrival of two U. S. destroyers at Alexandria, October 26.
112
Oct. 28 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Telegram, October 27, from the consul at Damascus (text printed) reporting increase in French fines; pessimism for future unless forces increased and policy changed. Note sent to French High Commissioner (text printed) requesting that sufficient warning be given if it should become necessary to bombard Beirut.
112
Oct. 29 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Authorization to draw on the Department for $2,000 appropriated by the Red Cross for relief of U. S. citizens. Decision reached by Red Cross and Department not to make appropriation for relief of native refugees, since the situation is due primarily to French tactics and the responsibility therefor rests entirely upon the French.
113
Oct. 29 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
High Commissioner’s note assuring the consul that sufficient warning will be given if it should become necessary to bombard Beirut. Report on conditions in Damascus. Opinion that the brigand movement in Damascus is apt to develop into a widespread, organized revolutionary movement.
114
Oct. 30 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Concurrence with decision of Department and Red Cross concerning relief of refugee natives. Suggestion that the Near East Relief be advised of the Department’s views in the matter.
114
Oct. 30 (403) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telegram for repetition to the consul at Beirut for his information and for the consul at Damascus (text printed), quoting a Paris press report that the U. S. Embassy has furnished the French Government with more information concerning Syria than the Government has received from General Sarrail himself; and authorizing the consul at Damascus to repeat to Paris any further telegrams which might be of assistance should further representations be necessary.
114
Oct. 30 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Authorization to communicate request for destroyers direct to consul at Alexandria. Instructions to keep the consul at Damascus fully advised and to make available to him any part of the $2,000 needed in the Damascus district. Approval of reports and action taken by him and the consul at Damascus.
115
Oct. 31 (532) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Report that General Sarrail has been recalled and that General Duport will act as French High Commissioner pending the appointment of a civilian Commissioner.
116
Nov. 3 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report that the destroyers have been requested to arrive on November 5 for moral effect of their presence in possibly preventing an uprising.
116
Nov. 3 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
French announcement of General Sarrail’s instructions to leave for Paris to make verbal explanations. Consul’s opinion that France’s position is more difficult than at any time since 1919 and her prestige at its lowest ebb.
116
Nov. 4 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Telegram from the consul at Damascus, November 3 (text printed), reporting that, with a large rebel force advancing on Damascus, the situation is becoming more serious daily; and expressing fear that naturalized Americans residing in troubled areas may be in danger.
117
Nov. 7 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Telegram for the consul at Damascus (text printed) advising him to remain at his post only if he can afford consular protection to U. S. citizens without needlessly exposing himself to danger. Instructions to consult with the consul at Damascus as to the propriety of the latter’s remaining at his post; also to apply the same considerations to the consul at Aleppo should a critical situation develop there.
118
Nov. 7 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Opinion that there will be no uprising at Beirut as long as U. S. destroyers remain in the harbor. Recommendation that they remain until it is certain the French have taken adequate measures for the protection of U. S. citizens and their property.
118
Nov. 9 (554) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Report of the appointment of Senator Henry de Jouvenel, editor of Le Matin, as High Commissioner in Syria.
119
Nov. 13 (561) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Opinion that the French desire the departure of the U. S. destroyers at Beirut, since presence of destroyers has served as a pretext for Italy to send ships possibly for political reasons and since their departure would coincide with the arrival of the new French High Commissioner. Suggestion that the destroyers be withdrawn to some port in Palestine or Cyprus until the situation clears.
120
Nov. 13 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Telegram from the consul at Damascus, November 11 (text printed), reporting the dangers to which Americans in Damascus and naturalized Americans in interior villages are exposed and the inability of the French to protect the latter; and expressing his desire to remain at his post. Information that the consul at Damascus has been instructed to come to Beirut for further consultation and to bring his family, in view of rumors of a serious attack to be made on Damascus within a few days.
120
Nov. 13 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report on visit to Sidon to investigate and organize relief for naturalized Americans among the refugees driven from the Merjayoun district by the Druse advance into Lebanon; and rumors of efforts being made to persuade other elements to join the revolutionary movement.
121
Nov. 14 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Transmission of telegram No. 561, November 13, from the Ambassador in France. Request for opinion whether the Lebanon disorders might be encouraged by the departure of the destroyers and whether the lives of Americans might be endangered thereby. Instructions, should the consul approve of the departure of the destroyers.
121
Nov. 15 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Opinion that the need for destroyers at Beirut is greater than ever, as the situation is rapidly growing more serious. Request that action be postponed until receipt of telegrams giving details.
122
Nov. 15 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report that the French are arming native Christians as a result of the Druse advance into Lebanon and that this may draw other religious factions into the strife; and opinion that the destroyers should remain until the situation clears.
122
Nov. 16 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Detailed report on situation and reasons for continued presence of the destroyers. Belief that Italian ships were not sent for political reasons.
123
Nov. 17 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Information that the Department has no intention of withdrawing the destroyers.
124
Nov. 23 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Request for discretionary authority to dispense with destroyers, which possibly could be done about December 1 when the new High Commissioner is due to arrive.
124
Nov. 24 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Refusal to give discretionary power until reports as to adequacy of French measures to protect American lives and property are more reassuring.
124
Nov. 28 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Telegram from the consul at Aleppo, November 26 (text printed), reporting increased disturbances in the interior. Recommendation that the presence of the destroyers be continued until the situation becomes more clarified.
125
Dec. 4 From the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Report of the arrival of the new High Commissioner and of sufficient reinforcements to assure public safety in coast regions. Recommendation that the destroyers be withdrawn.
126
Dec. 5 To the Consul at Beirut (tel.)
Information of arrangements for the withdrawal of the destroyers to Alexandria until December 15. Instructions to telegraph whether the destroyers should remain near Beirut for a longer time.
(Footnote: Information that the destroyers were retained within a short cruising distance of Beirut until December 28.)
126

Placing of American Residents of France on an Equality With French Citizens With Respect to Income Tax Exemptions

[Page XXII]
Date and number Subject Page
1924 Oct. 17 (4502) From the Chargé in France
Belief that, except for article 11 of the treaty of 1800, there is no provision in treaties between the United States and France under which U. S. citizens might claim right under article 44 of the French law of March 22, 1924, to reductions in income taxes accorded to citizens of countries having treaties of reciprocity with France. Request for instructions.
127
Nov. 10 (1190) To the Chargé in France
Information that there is no treaty in force between the United States and France bearing on the matter, the treaty of 1800 having expired in 1809. Instructions to call attention to U. S. Revenue Act of 1924 under which aliens resident in the United States are assessed income taxes at the same rate and with the same exemptions as U. S. citizens; and to express the hope that U. S. citizens resident in France will be accorded equality with French citizens with respect to income tax rates and exemptions.
127
1925 Jan. 7 (4737) From the Ambassador in France
Foreign Office note, December 30, 1924, stating inability to grant request in absence of conventional agreements and intimating that a convention on the subject might be made. Request for instructions whether to follow up the French intimation.
129
May 26 (293) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Report on receipt of various complaints from U. S. citizens because, in certain instances, they have to pay higher income taxes than French citizens. Request for instructions.
130
June 6 (1535) To the Ambassador in France
Information that, in the absence of applicable treaty provisions, the United States cannot demand the right of U. S. citizens to reciprocal income tax exemptions and that it is inadvisable to negotiate a treaty on the subject at the present time. Instructions to report the difference between taxes assessed against U. S. citizens and French citizens and whether U. S. citizens receive less favorable treatment than nationals of any other country.
130
June 22 (5318) From the Ambassador in France
Report on deductions allowed to French citizens and to citizens of countries having treaties of reciprocity with France. Advice that U. S. citizens receive no less favorable treatment than nationals of any other country, with the exception of those having treaties of reciprocity with France.
131
Nov. 30 (5778) From the Ambassador in France
Foreign Office note, November 24 (text printed), placing U. S. citizens resident in France on equality with French citizens with respect to income tax exemptions, under a broad interpretation of the consular convention of 1853.
131

GERMANY

Agreement Regulating the Distribution of the Dawes Reparation Annuities, Concluded at the Conference of Ministers of Finance, Paris, January 14, 1925

[Page XXIII][Page XXIV][Page XXV]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 2 (5) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office note, January 2 (text printed), suggesting the postponement of the Conference of Finance Ministers from January 6 to January 7, and outlining the work of the conference.
133
Jan. 3 (10) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Note for Foreign Office (text printed) agreeing to the postponement of the conference for one day; and stating the purpose for which the United States will be represented at the conference.
(Footnote: Information that on January 3 Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan were instructed to represent the United States at the conference.)
134
Jan. 7 (19) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Logan: Report on the convening of the conference; and on a conversation with Churchill, the head of the British delegation, who agreed to U. S. participation in reparations on basis of U. S. memorandum of January 3, but reserved for discussion and adjustment the U. S. figures of 65 million gold marks on account of Army costs and 60 million on account of other claims. Statement issued to the press by Churchill (text printed).
134
Jan. 9 (21) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Logan: Report on Churchill’s compromise offer of 95 million and Logan’s alternative proposals for 100 million. Request for authorization to settle on either 95 or 100 million basis.
135
Jan. 9 (17) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Logan: Instructions to insist upon a minimum of 100 million in normal year, of which 50 million at least and preferably more would consist of priority payments on Army costs.
136
Jan. 9 (18) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Logan: Authorization to accept Churchill’s offer of 55 million cash priority for Army costs to begin September 1, 1926, provided there is suitable participation to yield 45 million, making a minimum total of 100 million during normal year, and proportionate payment prior thereto.
137
Jan. 10 (28) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Report on tentative agreement with Churchill on 100 million basis. Inquiry concerning balance on deposit in Federal Reserve Bank in blocked account.
137
Jan. 10 (26) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Department’s understanding and approval of agreement reached with Churchill, except the Department would prefer interest on arrears but would not insist upon it; congratulations upon successful outcome of negotiations.
138
Jan. 11 (31) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Logan: Inquiry whether the agreement to be concluded at the conference can be given effect by Executive approval; also whether there should be one inclusive agreement or whether the U. S. settlement should be in a separate document.
139
Jan. 13 From the Ambassador in Great Britain Temporarily in Paris (tel.)
Opinion that no one but Logan need sign the agreement which would probably be concluded that night, though its signature might be delayed so the smaller powers may examine the instrument. Inquiry whether the Ambassador should remain at Paris until matter is fully settled.
140
Jan. 13 (35) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Draft of the section of the conference report dealing with the U. S. share in the Dawes annuities (text printed).
140
Jan. 13 (30) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Instructions to endeavor to eliminate from the draft the limitation of U. S. claims to $350,000,000, as this amount was merely an estimate of the probable awards.
142
Jan. 13 (31) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Understanding that waiver with respect to reparation payments of ex-enemy powers other than Germany applies to waiver with respect to Army costs, it being essential that the United States should not be precluded from recovering in due course the other U. S. claims from ex-enemy states.
142
Jan. 13 (33) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: View that the $350,000,000 limitation on U. S. claims would constitute a modification of U. S. treaty rights and that therefore more than Executive approval would be required to give effect to the agreement. Preference for one inclusive agreement. Instructions to sign agreement with a reservation (text printed) with respect to questions with which the United States is not concerned. Authorization to use own discretion regarding question whether all three American representatives should sign the agreement.
143
Jan. 14 (41) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Report that the $350,000,000 limitation on U. S. claims has been eliminated from the final agreement.
144
Jan. 14 (42) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Reasons why the U. S. representatives signed the agreement without making the reservation desired by the Department.
144
Jan. 14 (43) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Herrick, Kellogg, and Logan: Assurance that the only waiver made is waiver under the Wadsworth Agreement for claims such as the Bulgarian moneys and that U. S. rights under treaties with Austria, Hungary, and Turkey have not been affected.
145
Jan. 14 Final Protocol of the Conference and Agreement
Regarding the distribution of the Dawes annuities.
145
Jan. 15 (47) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Logan: Instructions to have the National Bank of Belgium wire the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to release blocked account.
162
Jan. 19 (70) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Logan: Report that the bank cabled release of blocked account on January 16.
162
Sept. 21 Agreement Regulating the Amounts To Be Allocated Out of the Second Dawes Annuity
For the armies of occupation in the Rhineland, the Inter-Allied Rhineland High Commission, and the Inter-Allied Military Commission of Control in Germany.
163

Return of the D. A. P. G. Tanker Case to the Arbitrators for a Majority Decision

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 28 (49) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to continue to assist the Standard Oil Co. in its endeavor to persuade the British Government to accept the compromise on the D. A. P. G. tanker case suggested by the arbitrators in preference to calling in a third arbitrator.
165
Feb. 26 (1084) From the Chargé in Great Britain
British note, February 25 (text printed), refusing to accept the compromise suggested by the arbitrators as an alternative to calling in a third arbitrator; and indicating that the arbitration should be allowed to take its course.
166
Mar. 31 (141) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Hill: Department’s view that the tanker case should be returned to the arbitrators for a majority decision; Standard Oil Co.’s accord with this view provided the third arbitrator is Dr. Sjoeborg, as already agreed upon. Instructions in the event that Sjoeborg is unable to serve.
168
July 2 To the Associate General Counsel of the Standard Oil Company
Department’s refusal to designate counsel to serve with Standard Oil Co.’s counsel in presenting the case to the third arbitrator. Assurance that Hill will render all proper assistance short of acting as counsel.
169
July 25 To the Unofficial Representative on the Reparation Commission
Instructions as to extent to which assistance may be rendered in the presentation of the tanker case to the tribunal when the third arbitrator is called in.
170
Sept. 23 To the Unofficial Representative on the Reparation Commission
Concurrence in opinion that the third arbitrator is a member of the tribunal and not an umpire, and that, therefore, additional briefs and oral arguments may be presented before the tribunal. Instructions to make no suggestions concerning the employment of counsel by the Standard Oil Co., as the Department does not desire to assume any responsibility for the presentation of the case before the tribunal.
171

Policy of the Department of State Regarding American Bankers’ Loans to German States and Municipalities

[Page XXVI][Page XXVII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Sept. 15 (295) From the Ambassador in Germany
Opinion that the placing of any further German municipal loans in the United States should be discouraged.
172
Sept. 23 (329) From the Ambassador in Germany
Warning against the granting of loans by U. S. bankers to German municipalities.
174
Sept. 29 (344) From the Ambassador in Germany
Further warning against present policy of U. S. bankers with respect to loans in Germany.
176
Oct. 16 (173) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
From Gilbert: Information of numerous inquiries received from U. S. bankers as to the attitude of the Transfer Committee toward the service of German loans floated in the United States; and of replies made to the effect that neither the Agent General nor the Transfer Committee could give any assurances regarding the service of such loans. Request for copy of the form letter evidently being used by the Department in advising interested bankers.
176
Oct. 17 (184) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Form letter used by the Department (text printed) advising interested bankers of the disfavor with which German authorities view municipal loans, and suggesting that the attitude of the Transfer Committee should be sought and their clients informed of the situation.
177
Oct. 23 (409) From the Ambassador in Germany
Communiqué issued by the German Ministry of Finance (text printed) expressing the unfavorable attitude of the Advisory Board toward foreign loans to German municipalities.
178
Oct. 29 (188) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
From Gilbert: Inquiry whether the Department is still using the same form letter to interested bankers, as the majority of inquiries received interpret the Department’s letter as discouraging all German loans whether productive or unproductive.
179
Oct. 31 (193) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to inform Gilbert that the Department is still using the same form letter to interested bankers. Advice that the Department does not wish to appear to enter into controversy with Gilbert on the matter.
180
Nov. 6 (195) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to make discreet investigation as to the instituting by the German Government of a stricter control over loans from abroad.
181
Nov. 11 (196) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to telegraph substance of statement reported to have been made by Gilbert to press correspondents; to make discreet investigation whether the Advisory Board has approved certain further loans; to report whether the Board has jurisdiction over state and industrial loans also, and whether the Board or any other German agency is likely to be able to control German borrowing from abroad.
181
Nov. 13 (194) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Gilbert’s statement to the correspondent for the Chicago Daily News (text printed) with respect to the Transfer Committee’s position on German loans to be floated abroad.
182
Nov. 14 (196) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Report on further loans approved by the Advisory Board; the Board’s jurisdiction over state loans, but not over industrial loans; and reasons why effective control cannot be exerted by the Board over municipal loans.
182
Nov. 19 From the Assistant Secretary of State to the Secretary of State
Brief résumé of situation with respect to German loans. Transmission of a draft form letter to bankers, differing only slightly from earlier letter.
183
Nov. 20 To the Secretary of the Treasury
Transmission of a proposed form letter to bankers differing from earlier letter only in the deletion of suggestion that the attitude of the Transfer Committee should be sought and clients informed of the situation.
184
Nov. 21 To Harris, Forbes & Company
Department’s attitude with respect to a proposed loan of $3,000,000 to the city of Duisburg.
186
Nov. 24 (511) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report on loans approved by the Advisory Board since November 14; German Government’s realization that at least a show of instituting some effective control of public loans must be made.
187

Arrangement Between the United States and Germany Granting Relief From Double Income Tax on Shipping Profits

[Page XXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1923 Sept. 7 (137) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office note verbale, September 5, 1923 (text printed), stating that the Finance Minister has issued an ordinance exempting U. S. steamship companies from the German corporation tax; and indicating a willingness to grant income tax exemptions to individual Americans carrying on shipping traffic in Germany, on condition of U. S. reciprocity.
188
Sept. 13 From the German Embassy
Finance Minister’s ordinance, August 10, 1923 (text printed), exempting companies domiciled and managed in the United States from tax on incomes derived exclusively from the operation of ships, under condition of full reciprocity and reservation of revocation at any time.
188
Oct. 6 (79) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions that U. S. citizens not residing in Germany should also be exempt from tax on earnings derived exclusively from the operation of ships in order to satisfy the equivalent exemption provision of section 213 (b) (8) of the 1921 revenue act; also to ascertain whether any income tax has been demanded or collected from such citizens or from domestic corporations since January 1, 1921.
189
1924 Jan. 22 (526) From the Ambassador in Germany
Foreign Office note verbale, January 19, 1924 (text printed), stating that the Finance Minister issued an ordinance on January 5, 1924, exempting from income tax the incomes derived from the operation of ships by U. S. citizens not residing in Germany; also stating that such citizens and domestic corporations have not been subjected to income or corporation tax since January 1, 1921; and inquiring whether the United States will now grant similar exemptions.
190
Mar. 20 (3354) To the Ambassador in Germany
Note for the Foreign Office (text printed) stating that the exemption must apply to all corporations organized in the United States regardless of place of management and that Germany must show that U. S. citizens not residing in Germany and domestic corporations have not been and will not be subjected to income or corporation tax on any income earned since January 1, 1921. Instructions to furnish the Department with copies of the reply, the ordinance of January 5, 1924, and section 108 of the German Federal tax law.
191
Sept. 12 (734) From the Chargé in Germany
Foreign Minister’s note verbale, September 3, 1924 (text printed), expressing readiness to amend ordinance of August 10, 1923, so that exemption will extend to all U. S. companies regardless of the location of their management, and willingness to abstain from supplementary collection of taxes since 1921. Transmittal, also, of ordinance of January 5, 1924, and section 108 of the German Federal tax law (texts printed).
193
Nov. 8 (3581) To the Chargé in Germany
Instructions to inform the Foreign Office that upon the completion of the action contemplated in the note verbale of September 3, 1924, the equivalent exemption provision of section 213 (b) (8) of the 1921 and 1924 revenue acts will be satisfied and the exemptions arranged for will be applicable for the year 1921 and subsequent years.
195
Dec. 12 (843) From the Ambassador in Germany
Foreign Office note verbale, December 11, 1924 (text printed), stating that an ordinance was issued December 9, 1924, making exemptions applicable to all U. S. companies regardless of the location of their management.
197
1925 Feb. 20 (3715) To the Ambassador in Germany
Instructions to inform the Foreign Office of the U. S. Treasury ruling that Germany has fulfilled all the conditions.
198

GREAT BRITAIN

Convention Between the United States and Great Britain Relating to American Rights in the Cameroons

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 10 Convention Between the United States of America and Great Britain
Relating to American rights in the Cameroons.
199
[Page XXIX]

Convention Between the United States and Great Britain Relating to American Rights in East Africa

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 10 Convention Between the United States of America and Great Britain
Relating to American rights in East Africa.
203

Convention Between the United States and Great Britain Relating to American Rights in Togoland

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 10 Convention Between the United States of America and Great Britain
Relating to American rights in Togoland.
209

Statement by the British Government Regarding Treatment of American Nationals and Goods in Territories Under British “C” Mandates

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 16 (1111) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Foreign Office note, March 14 (text printed), quoting the assurance which the Dominion Governments are willing should be given with respect to treatment of U. S. nationals and goods in territories under British “C” mandates.
214
Apr. 25 (133) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Note for the Foreign Office (text printed) acknowledging the British note of March 14 and intimating that U. S. views would be communicated later. Instructions to request information with respect to the reference, in the proviso of the assurance, to existing treaty engagements toward third parties.
216
June 12 (172) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that there are no existing treaty engagements toward third parties affecting the territories in question and that the proviso was inserted merely as a precaution of a general nature.
217

Delay in Exchange of Ratifications of the Palestine Mandate Convention Pending Adjustment of Cases Involving the Capitulatory Rights of Americans

[Page XXX]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 7 (94) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office inquiry whether the United States is prepared to proceed to the exchange of ratifications of the Palestine mandate convention.
217
Apr. 21 (631) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Instructions to inform the Foreign Office that the Department desires, before proceeding to the exchange of ratifications, to receive assurances regarding the adjustment of certain decisions against U. S. citizens rendered by the Palestine courts.
217
June 23 (68) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to inform the Foreign Office that the Department desires to receive assurances also regarding the adjustment of increased customs dues imposed upon Mr. Sachs, an American citizen.
220
Sept. 29 From the Counselor of Embassy in Great Britain
Transmission of a draft of the Foreign Office reply to the U. S. representations. Request for U. S. views.
224
Oct. 13 (224) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Confirmation of authorization to proceed to the exchange of ratifications upon receipt, in official form, of the British reply. Note of acknowledgment for the Foreign Office (text printed).
225
Oct. 14 (431) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note, October 13 (text printed), suggesting that, as regards the questions of principle which have arisen, each Government should take note of the view held by the other.
226
Nov. 24 (356) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that the Foreign Office reply to the Department’s note of acknowledgment has been delayed by the inundation of work caused by the recent royal death.
229
Nov. 28 (349) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inform the Foreign Office orally that the Department’s note of acknowledgment requires no reply; and to endeavor to arrange prompt exchange of ratifications.
229
Dec. 3 (370) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that ratifications had been exchanged that afternoon.
230

Dissatisfaction of the United States With the Decision Relating to the Iraq Mandate Taken by the Council of the League of Nations at the Instance of Great Britain

[Page XXXI]
Date and number Subject Page
1924 Oct. 21 (369) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to make oral inquiry concerning a resolution defining British responsibilities and rights in Iraq, adopted on September 27, 1924, by the Council of the League of Nations at the instance of the British Government. Information that the U. S. Government was neither consulted nor informed with respect to the proposed action.
230
Nov. 3 (449) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that the resolution of the League Council and the treaty of King Feisal together now constitute the British mandate, the earlier draft mandate never having been submitted to the League because of Iraq susceptibilities.
231
Apr. 20 (627) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Résumé of Department’s position. Note for the Foreign Office (text printed) expressing U. S. views regarding the situation created by the League Council resolution and requesting to be informed whether the British Government is prepared to give assurances, to be embodied in a convention similar to the Palestine convention, for the regularization of the situation in Iraq in relation to the United States.
231

Continued Negotiations To Ensure Recognition of the Principle of the Open Door in the Turkish Petroleum Company’s Concession in Iraq

[Page XXXII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Dec. 5 (357) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to make oral representations to the Foreign Office in the sense of the Department’s telegram No. 331 of September 20, 1924, in view of the danger that the American group’s negotiations to obtain participation in the Turkish Petroleum Co. on a fair basis will reach an impasse because of the failure of the other groups in the company to come to an agreement with C. S. Gulbenkian, minority stockholder.
239
Dec. 9 (377) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that the Foreign Office is hopeful Gulbenkian and the British group will accept the proposal to arbitrate; and that the Foreign Office is urging this course on the British group, while the French Government is exercising similar pressure on the French group. Prime Minister’s statement in the House of Commons (text printed) showing sympathy with the negotiations of the American group.
240
Dec. 18 From the French Embassy
Suggestion that the U. S. Government intervene to induce the American group to consent to the proposed arbitration, in order to prevent a break between the American group and the Turkish Petroleum Co.
241
Dec. 18 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs
Record of French Ambassador’s call on the Secretary of State, in which the Ambassador was informed of the present status of the negotiations. Record also of a telephone conversation with a Standard Oil Co. representative who stated that the American group could not properly be a party to the proposed arbitration since the questions involved concerned only the European partners and Gulbenkian.
242
Dec. 19 (369) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Information that the American group has inquired whether anything further could be accomplished through diplomatic channels and, if not, whether there would be any objection should the American group enter into direct negotiations with Iraq or Turkey. Instructions to present the matter to the Foreign Minister on the basis of the Department’s telegrams No. 331, September 20, 1924, and No. 357, December 5, 1925.
243
Dec. 21 (383) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office assurance that British position regarding American participation is unchanged; intimation that American interests have been used as a cat’s-paw in internecine war among British oil interests, but that this trouble is being terminated and under Government pressure arbitration is being set up; promise of a supplementary reply when result of arbitration is known.
244
Dec. 31 (372) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to expedite British supplementary reply and to endeavor to discuss matter with Foreign Minister at earliest opportunity.
245

Efforts by the United States To Obtain for American Rubber Manufacturers Relief From British Restrictions on the Export of Raw Rubber

[Page XXXIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Undated [Rec’d July 17] From the Rubber Association of America, Inc.
An explanation of the Stevenson Plan for the restriction of rubber exported by British rubber-growing possessions, and of the effect of its operation upon America’s crude rubber supply.
245
July 18 (232) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to press the Foreign Office informally for action to relieve the situation with respect to the high price and inadequacy of the U. S. supply of crude rubber, suggesting that the August 1 release be increased from 10 to 20 percent and that a new committee be created to examine the situation.
253
July 23 (213) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
An aide-mémoire sent to the Foreign Office, July 22 (text printed), proposing certain concessions with respect to the export of crude rubber.
254
Aug. 17 (272) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Minister’s note, August 15 (text printed), regretting inability to give effect to the U. S. proposals, except insofar as this has been done by measures already taken by the Government to ease the situation.
256
Sept. 5 (285) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to acknowledge the British note and to intimate that there may be further communication on the subject after the U. S. Government has considered the matter.
259
Nov. 9 From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Inquiry whether the Department approves the suggestion, which the Ambassador has made informally to the British Colonial Secretary, that U. S. rubber interests be represented on the advisory committee for the Stevenson Plan.
259
Nov. 21 (343) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to make discreet inquiry regarding British attitude toward speculative character of the situation; also to inquire whether any relief measures have been determined upon. |
261
Nov. 24 (357) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s denial that it was his Government’s attitude to take no remedial steps, asserting that a Cabinet committee and the Colonial Secretary were actively studying the situation; and his statement that the Rubber Association representatives were discussing a long-time contract with the proper authorities.
261
Nov. 24 (345) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inform the Colonial Secretary that the United States is opposed to all monopolies in all countries and therefore cannot give recognition to this particular Government monopoly by being represented on the advisory committee or by having Americans represented on it.
262
Nov. 25 (358) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that, unknown to the Ambassador, negotiations have been going on for several months for the formation of an American syndicate to control the entire rubber supply.
263
Dec. 1 (352) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inform the British officials that the U. S. Government, which has been wholly without information regarding the movement to form a syndicate, cannot countenance any plan to fix the price of rubber or any other commodity.
264
Dec. 4 (372) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report of conversation with Foreign Minister, in which Foreign Minister stated that he, too, had known nothing about the negotiations for a syndicate and read an aide-mémoire (text printed), not to be taken as final, since it was written before the Ambassador’s representations.
265

Arrangement Between the United States and Great Britain and Northern Ireland Granting Relief From Double Income Tax on Shipping Profits

[Page XXXIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1924 Aug. 11 To the British Ambassador
Conditions and limitations necessary in the proposed U. S.-British arrangement for the reciprocal exemption of shipping profits from income tax in order to satisfy the equivalent exemption provisions of section 213 (b) (8) of the 1921 and 1924 revenue acts.
267
Nov. 18 (1106) From the British Ambassador
British agreement with the conditions and limitations specified by the United States; information that accordingly an Order in Council has been promulgated, dated November 7, 1924, and that the Irish Free State in common with the other Dominions is not to be considered as affected by this measure.
269
Nov. 26 (1148) From the British Ambassador
Transmittal of copy of the British Order in Council of November 7, 1924 (text printed).
270
Jan. 15 To the British Ambassador
Inquiry as to the exact date from which the exemption is to be effective, in view of conflicting dates given in the Order in Council and in the note of transmittal.
271
Feb. 13 (159) From the British Ambassador
Information that the effective date of exemption is May 1, 1923, as provided in the third paragraph of the Order in Council.
272
Mar. 16 To the British Ambassador
Conclusion that Great Britain satisfies the equivalent exemption provisions of section 213 (b) (8) of the 1921 and 1924 revenue acts; that reciprocal exemption shall be effective from May 1, 1923, and shall be applied with the understanding that the Irish Free State in common with the other British Dominions shall not be affected by the Order in Council.
272

Arrangement Between the United States, Great Britain, Canada, and Newfoundland Regulating Wireless Broadcasting by Ships Off Their Coasts

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Sept. 8 (796) From the British Chargé
British concurrence in U. S. opinion, as expressed in 1924, that a reciprocal arrangement for preventing interference by ships with wireless broadcasting can be concluded by an exchange of notes; statement of terms agreeable to the British Government.
273
Sept. 18 (823) From the British Chargé
Desire of the Canadian Government to conclude with the United States an agreement in terms similar to those set forth by the British Government.
274
Sept. 25 To the British Chargé
Statement of agreement to the terms for the reciprocal arrangement as set forth by the British Government.
275
Sept. 29 (833) From the British Chargé
Information that the Government of Newfoundland also desires to conclude a similar agreement with the United States.
275
Oct. 1 To the British Chargé
Statement of agreement with Canada for the prevention of interference by ships with wireless broadcasting.
276
Oct. 1 To the British Chargé
Statement of agreement with Newfoundland for the prevention of interference by ships with wireless broadcasting.
276
[Page XXXV]

Protest Against Discriminatory Embargo on American Potato Shipments Into the British Isles

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Dec. 26 (1262) From the British Ambassador
Promulgation by the British Government of an order prohibiting the landing in England or Wales of potatoes grown in the United States, in order to prevent the introduction into Great Britain of the Colorado beetle.
277
Dec. 29 (488) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain whether Canadian potatoes are admitted into the British Isles, and if so to make representations to the Foreign Office against apparent discriminatory action of the British Government.
277
Dec. 30 (542) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that Canadian potatoes are not prohibited; that representations are being made in accordance with the Department’s instructions.
278
1925 Jan. 3 (6) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Department’s understanding that an embargo against American potatoes has just been imposed by the Irish Free State. Instructions to inform the consulate general at Dublin of U. S. attitude, if this understanding can be confirmed.
279
Jan. 5 (11) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Information that the Irish Free State embargo has been in effect since about November 1; that embargo for Northern Ireland went into effect January 3. Inquiry regarding representations to Northern Ireland.
(Footnote: Instructions to the Ambassador on January 6 to make representations to Northern Ireland.)
279
Jan. 9 From the Consul General at Dublin (tel.)
Information that the Irish Free State intends to refuse all licenses to both Canada and the United States until better reports concerning the Colorado beetle are received.
279
Jan. 30 (52) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to leave memorandum at the Foreign Office concerning the willingness of the Department of Agriculture to inspect potatoes for export and to give certificates of freedom from disease and infestation by the beetle; also to urge removal of the embargo as discriminatory and not justified by health considerations.
280
Feb. 2 (47) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report of representations made and of Foreign Secretary’s promise to take the matter up with the Minister of Agriculture.
280
Feb. 27 (85) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note stating the British Government’s inability to withdraw the embargo and confirming an order as of February 20 prohibiting Canadian potatoes also.
281
[Page XXXVI]

Arrangements for a Visit by an American Fleet to Australia and New Zealand

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 19 To the British Ambassador
Outline of tentative plans for a cruise of a portion of the U. S. Fleet to Australia and New Zealand during the coming summer. Desire of the Secretary of the Navy for any comments the Australian and New Zealand authorities may desire to make.
281
Apr. 3 (339) From the British Ambassador
Suggestions of the Australian Government with a view to facilitating the necessary landing and reception arrangements for the fleet.
282
Apr. 16 To the British Ambassador
Outline of the itinerary which has been arranged with a view to meeting, as far as possible, the suggestions of the Australian and New Zealand authorities and at the same time having due regard to the requirements of the fleet.
283
July 24 From the British Chargé (tel.)
Message for the President from the Governor General of Australia (text printed) expressing feelings of friendship and good will in welcoming the U. S. Fleet to Australia.
284
July 25 To the Consul at Melbourne (tel.)
Message from the President to the Governor General (text printed) expressing appreciation for the latter’s message sent through the British Embassy.
285

GREECE

Loan by Ulen & Company to the Greek Government Under a Contract To Build Waterworks for Athens and The Piraeus

[Page XXXVII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Apr. 15 From the Greek Minister
Greek Government’s conclusion of a waterworks-construction contract with Ulen & Co., for the execution of which the company must float a $10,000,000 loan; request for U. S. assent to the assignment of certain security offered by Greece for the service of this loan, in view of the loan agreement of 1918 with the United States, France, and Great Britain.
286
May 5 To the Greek Minister
Consent of the U. S. Government to the pledging of the securities offered for the service of the proposed loan, with full reservation of all questions with respect to the loan agreement of 1918.
287
May 7 (713) From the Greek Minister
Request for U. S. consent to a preliminary loan of $1,000,000 for the immediate execution of provisional waterworks, the loan to be issued on the same conditions as the $10,000,000 loan.
287
May 14 From Ulen & Company
Request for U. S. approval of the placing of the two bond issues in the United States.
288
May 23 To the Greek Minister
Assertion that the United States will not oppose the pledging of the same securities for the preliminary loan of $1,000,000 as offered for the $10,000,000 loan.
288
May 25 To Ulen & Company
U. S. approval of the placing of the two bond issues in the American market.
289
June 6 (176) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to make informal inquiries at the Foreign Office as to the British attitude in the matter of assent to the pledging by Greece of security in connection with the proposed loans.
(Instructions to repeat to Paris, Rome, and Athens.)
290
June 6 (222) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to make inquiries at the French Foreign Office similar to those which the Ambassador at London is to make to the British Foreign Office.
292
July 6 (173) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Information that the British Government has given its consent to the pledging by Greece of the security in question.
292
July 20 (389) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
French Government’s consent to the Greek waterworks loan subject to the priority of the Greek share of the Ottoman public debt.
293
Sept. 29 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs
Record of a conversation with a representative of Ulen & Co., who expressed appreciation for the Department’s aid in connection with the company’s negotiations with the Greek Government.
293

HAITI

Postponement of Legislative Elections in Haiti

[Page XXXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 11 President Borno to the High Commissioner in Haiti
Memorandum from President Borno to the High Commissioner (text printed) expressing views regarding the inadvisability of holding legislative elections in Haiti in January 1926.
(Footnote: Document brought to the Department by the High Commissioner, who had been instructed to proceed to Washington for conference.)
294
Mar. 11 To the High Commissioner in Haiti
Instructions to inform President Borno that the United States will interpose no objection if he should decide against calling legislative elections for January 1926. Department’s desire that the Commissioner draft a plan for the reform of the existing electoral legislation in Haiti.
298
June 8 (261) To the High Commissioner in Haiti
Instructions to expedite preparation of drafts of legislation suitable to the requirements of Haiti, for approval by the Department and enactment into law by November 1 if possible.
299
July 8 (27) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to furnish texts of all election laws now in force in Haiti, with explanation of their deficiencies, in order to facilitate Department’s consideration of the High Commissioner’s draft legislation. Inquiry as to the probable reaction in Haiti should the Department send an expert on electoral matters.
(Footnote: High Commissioner’s draft left at the Department on June 27.)
299
July 10 (37) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Opinion that the reaction in Haiti to the sending of an expert on electoral matters would be unfavorable.
(Footnote: High Commissioner’s agreement with opinion of the Chargé.)
300
July 18 (803) From the Chargé in Haiti
Memorandum prepared by the legal adviser to the High Commissioner, July 13 (text printed), explaining the deficiencies of the electoral laws now in force in Haiti.
300
Sept. 15 (659) To the Chargé in Haiti
List of suggested modifications for the existing electoral law, as it is now too late for enactment of new legislation before the January elections; instructions to discuss with President Borno the advisability of amending the law as suggested in time for use in the 1926 communal elections.
302
Oct. 1 (37) To the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor discreetly to ascertain if President Borno intends to make a public statement of his reasons for deferring elections. Inquiry whether, in the High Commissioner’s opinion, such a statement issued before October 10 would have a beneficial effect, provided it referred to projected revision of legislation in time for the holding of national elections in 1928.
303
Oct. 6 (54) From the High Commissioner in Haiti (tel.)
Promise of President Borno to publish a statement along the lines suggested by the Department.
304
Oct. 10 (632) From the High Commissioner in Haiti
Circular letter of President Borno to the prefects of the Haitian arrondissements, published October 8 (text printed), concerning the question of the national elections.
304

Support by the United States of Haitian Refusal To Arbitrate With France the Question of Paying Interest in Gold on Gold Loan of 1910

[Page XXXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 31 From the French Embassy
French Government’s desire that the United States endeavor to induce the Haitian Government to reconsider its refusal to accept the proposition of the Bank of the Parisian Union to arbitrate the question of the redemption of the Haitian loan of 1910 in gold coin.
308
May 7 To the French Ambassador
U. S. inability to accede to the French Government’s request, in view of certain reasons set forth as supporting the action of the Haitian Government.
310
May 7 (254) To the High Commissioner in Haiti
Information concerning U. S. refusal to grant the French Government’s request.
314

HONDURAS

Inauguration of the New Constitutional Government in Honduras and the Resumption of Formal Relations With the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 21 (11) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Information regarding the election of Paz Baraona as President of Honduras. Opinion as to desirability of receiving instructions to make an appropriate statement to the Provisional Government, with a view to its publication.
316
Jan. 22 (9) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Statement to be made public (text printed) expressing U. S. intention to resume formal relations with the Honduran Government upon the inauguration on February 1 of the new constitutional authorities.
316
Jan. 24 (13) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Request for instructions regarding participation in the inaugural ceremonies and the form of extending recognition to the new government.
317
Jan. 26 (11) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to participate in the inaugural ceremonies in such manner as is customary in Honduras, and to make the customary official calls.
317

Assistance by the United States to the Government of Honduras in Maintaining Political Stability

[Page XL][Page XLI][Page XLII][Page XLIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 10 (4) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Department’s intention to take up with the War Department the Provisional President’s request for supplies. Instructions to discuss with the President and the President-elect the plans for organizing the new military force. Inquiry as to whether Honduras actually needs as many machine guns and rifles as requested.
317
Jan. 13 (6) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Information as to the amount of supplies needed for the military force; Provisional President’s assertion that the plans for organization will be furnished to the Legation soon.
318
Jan. 17 (6) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Department’s willingness to approve the sale of a reasonable quantity of arms to Honduras by commercial firms, if the authorities prefer, in order to avoid delay.
319
Jan. 21 (12) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Provisional President’s assertion that he prefers, for the sake of economy, to buy the bulk of the arms from the U. S. Government rather than from private firms.
319
Jan. 23 (10) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Information that the Department has taken up the question with the War Department and will inform the Legation of results.
319
Feb. 6 (18) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Department’s stipulation that Bográn (Honduran Minister to United States after March 9) be authorized by letter (1) to make a statement that his Government is planning to organize a constabulary and will consider appointing foreign instructors, and (2) to sign a contract with the War Department. Instructions to convey to the Department opinion regarding the authorization, as it is to be shown to the Chargé before transmittal to Bográn.
320
Feb. 14 (25) From the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Information regarding the letter of authorization for Bográn; opinion of legal experts that the authorization is sufficient to bind the Government of Honduras without congressional approval, in case Honduras wishes to pledge consular revenues in New York in payment of the arms.
320
Mar. 11 From the Secretary of War
Information that steps have been taken to complete the sale of guns and ammunition to Honduras; terms of the proposed contract to be signed by Bográn.
321
Mar. 18 (30) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to impress upon the Government the desirability of guarding against possibility of the arms shipment falling into hands of disaffected elements, in view of reports of imminent labor trouble and possible revolutionary disturbances on the north coast; also to inquire informally as to what steps are being taken to deal with the situation on the north coast.
322
Mar. 19 (39) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Report of relative order on the north coast following the President’s sending of General Funes to the coast with suitable instructions.
322
Apr. 7 (47) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
President’s alarm by reports of movements of small armed bands along the frontier of Guatemala, and his desire to know the probable date of arrival of the arms from the United States.
323
Apr. 8 (39) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Information that Bográn or the Honduran consuls at New York and San Francisco can furnish exact information as to dates of shipments of the arms to Honduras.
(Footnote: Shipments also licensed by the U. S. Government from private firms.)
323
Apr. 11 (27) To the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
U. S. hope, in view of recent raids along the frontiers of Honduras, that the Government of Guatemala will cooperate with Honduras in arresting and extraditing perpetrators of common-law crimes in the course of raids having no apparent political character.
(Similar telegram to the legation in Nicaragua.)
323
Apr. 13 (26) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s assurance that his Government will do everything possible to stabilize conditions on the Honduran frontier.
324
Apr. 19 From the Consul at Ceiba (tel.)
Telegram to the U. S. S. Denver (text printed) transmitting request of local authorities, in view of raids near Ceiba, for that ship to come at once and take measures for protection of American lives.
324
Apr. 20 (29) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Note to be presented to the Guatemalan Government (text printed) expressing U. S. concern over recent events along the frontier of Honduras and feeling that Guatemalan cooperation with Honduras would put an end to the serious disturbances. Instructions to state orally U. S. desire for a statement of the measures Guatemala has taken and will take to control the situation.
325
Apr. 22 From the Consul at Ceiba (tel.)
Report that marines were on shore 30 hours and were withdrawn as soon as emergency had passed.
326
Apr. 24 (33) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Note from the Guatemalan Government, April 23 (text printed), stating that it feels assured that the frontier authorities have complied with orders to prevent every activity which might disturb the peace. Oral statement of President and Foreign Minister as to measures taken.
326
May 13 (167) To the Chargé in Salvador
Instructions to say informally that the United States feels that intervention of Salvador’s armed forces to maintain peace in Honduran territory, as reports indicate may be contemplated, would set an undesirable precedent.
328
May 16 (154) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Reports indicating attempt of revolutionists in Honduras to get arms and ammunition from Belize, British Honduras. Instructions to express to the proper authorities the U. S. hope that measures will be taken to prevent the export of arms from Belize.
328
May 18 (148) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office assurance that it will issue proper instructions.
329
May 27 (71) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran Government’s request for an intimation as to the advisability of requesting the expulsion from Guatemala of General Ferrera (Honduran exile), because of evidence of his involvement in recent disturbances in Honduras.
329
May 29 (35) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to inform President Orellana of U. S. Government’s hope, in view of its conviction of the authenticity of the evidence against Ferrera, that Guatemala will take steps to terminate Ferrera’s activities.
329
May 29 (55) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Opinion that Honduras would be justified in requesting Guatemala to take steps to terminate Ferrera’s activities.
330
June 2 To the Consul at Ceiba
Approval of consul’s action in communicating with the U. S. S. Denver regarding the crisis at Ceiba; desire, however, that marines should not be landed without prior consultation with the Department unless the necessity for such action is absolutely clear.
330
June 3 (73) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran Government’s instructions to its Minister in Guatemala to make appropriate representations to Guatemala on the basis of evidence against Ferrera.
331
June 22 (61) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
U. S. willingness to lend more active support to the Honduran Government in maintaining order only upon assurance of Honduran efforts in the matter and upon receipt of a formal request in writing indicating the kind of assistance desired.
332
June 24 (109) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan Government’s declaration of a state of siege along a strip of territory adjacent to the Honduran boundary, in order to make for more effective control of lawlessness.
332
June 27 (42) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Department’s receipt of report that Guatemalan President refuses to deport Ferrera on ground that he is now a Guatemalan citizen. Instructions to report immediately as to the accuracy of this report and the present situation in regard to Ferrera’s deportation.
333
June 29 (62) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Apparent desire of Honduras for an order of expulsion or deportation of Ferrera from Guatemala, preferably at the instance of the United States; statement of Foreign Office that Ferrera as a Central American cannot be legally expelled.
333
July 1 (44) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Department’s inability to understand Guatemala’s failure to act, in view of her treaty obligations, to end the activities of Ferrera against Honduras. Instructions to put forth best efforts to convince the Guatemalan Government of the necessity of such action.
334
July 3 (65) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Information that Ferrera has left for Salvador carrying a Salvadoran visa.
335
July 6 (38) From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Arrival of Ferrera in Salvador, and assurance of the Foreign Minister that he will be kept under strict surveillance.
335
July 21 (67) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Nicaraguan suggestion for joint action of the Central American Governments to devise effective means for the reestablishment of peace in Honduras.
335
July 24 (49) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Department’s feeling that if Honduras receives the friendly cooperation of its neighboring Governments in its present efforts to establish and maintain peace, no other joint action would appear necessary or advisable.
336
July 25 (49) From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
Inquiry from the Legation in Honduras as to possibility of deporting Ferrera to Panama; Legation’s reply (text printed) stating that to demand his expulsion now would virtually indicate a lack of confidence in Salvador’s good faith or its ability to maintain effective surveillance.
336
Dec. 22 (8) To the Minister in Honduras
Approval of the Chargé’s statement, in reply to Honduran efforts to obtain U. S. marines to preserve order, that the problems of the Honduran Government should be solved by native statesmanship rather than by American arms.
337

Good Offices of the United States in Promoting a Settlement Between the Government of Honduras and the British Bondholders

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 7 (36) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Information that the British consul is pressing the President of Honduras to sign and submit to Congress the 1923 agreement between Honduras and the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders of London for settlement of the external debt of Honduras. President’s desire to know the Department’s opinion as to the advisable course of action.
(Footnote: Department’s opinion, April 30, 1923, that a suitable settlement of the debt would be to the advantage of Honduras.)
338
Mar. 12 From the British Embassy
Hope that the U. S. representative in Honduras will be instructed to support the British consul in urging the submission of the agreement to the Honduran Congress for ratification.
339
Mar. 14 (29) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Authorization to call the Government’s attention to the fact that the conclusion of a suitable arrangement with the British bondholders might strengthen the credit of Honduras and thus facilitate the flotation of any subsequent loan.
340
Dec. 29 (88) To the Minister in Honduras (tel.)
Reports that an arrangement signed October 29 may not be approved by the Honduran Government; instructions to urge upon the Government informally and discreetly the great importance of reaching an agreement.
(Footnote: Ratification of the arrangement by the Honduran Congress on March 9, 1926.)
340
[Page XLIV]

HUNGARY

Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Consular Rights Between the United States and Hungary, Signed June 24, 1925

Date and number Subject Page
1925 June 24 Treaty Between the United States of America and Hungary
Of friendship, commerce and consular rights.
341
June 24 To the Hungarian Minister
Understanding that the consent of the U. S. Senate to the ratification of the treaty will be subject to certain reservations and understandings.
354
June 24 From the Hungarian Minister
Understanding that the consent of the U. S. Senate to the ratification of the treaty will be subject to certain reservations and understandings.
355
1926 Sept. 4 (505) From the American Minister to the Hungarian Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs
U. S. statement that the exchange of ratifications is made on the condition that the ratification of the treaty is subject to the reservations and understandings as set forth in the exchange of notes of June 24, 1925.
356
Sept. 4 (71.515/5–1926) From the Hungarian Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs to the American Minister
Hungarian acceptance of the reservations and understandings contained in the American Minister’s note of September 4, 1926.
357

ITALY

Objection by the Department of State to Private Loans to Italy Pending Settlement of Italian Debts to the United States Government

[Page XLV]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 May 26 From Mr. Thomas W. Lamont of J. P. Morgan & Co.
Information regarding plans to proceed with a proposed banking credit of $50,000,000 to Italian banks, the Italian Government undertaking to guarantee the credit.
358
May 29 To Mr. Thomas W. Lamont of J. P. Morgan & Co.
Department’s assertion that, while expressing no opinion on the transaction in question, it could not withhold objection to a public flotation of a Government loan unless Italy had taken steps toward the settlement of its indebtedness to the United States.
359
June 2 (85) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that the banking credit contract for $50,000,000 was signed June 1.
359
Aug. 19 (101) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Italian Ambassador’s inquiry as to U. S. attitude toward Italy’s desire to borrow money in the United States for industrial development and stabilization of the Italian exchange; Secretary’s statement in reply that the position of the U. S. Government has not changed.
360
Aug. 21 (352) To the Ambassador in Italy
U. S. unfavorable attitude conveyed to representative of J. P. Morgan & Co., who telephoned the Secretary in connection with reports that Blair & Co. were negotiating for a $25,000,000 loan to the Italian State Railways.
360
Aug. 31 (132) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Report of negotiations by representative of Blair & Co. for the floating of Italian industrial securities in New York; Ambassador’s suggestion that the firm consult the Department before proceeding further.
361
Sept. 1 To Blair & Co., Incorporated
Department’s statement that it would not view with favor at the present time the flotation of Italian industrial securities in the United States.
362
Sept. 1 (106) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that the Department’s unfavorable attitude has been conveyed to Blair & Co.
362
Nov. 18 From J. P. Morgan & Co.
Confirmation of telephone conversation regarding the issuance of a $100,000,000 loan to Italy for stabilization purposes; information that the contract was executed November 18.
(Footnote: Agreement for settlement of the Italian debt to the United States reached at Washington on November 14.)
362
Nov. 23 To J. P. Morgan & Co.
No objection, in the light of information before the Department, to the flotation of the $100,000,000 bond issue in the American market.
363

Expulsion From Italy of George Seldes, Correspondent of the “Chicago Tribune”

Date and number Subject Page
1925 July 22 (119) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Foreign Office note stating that on account of reports recently sent to the Chicago Tribune by George Seldes, correspondent at Rome, he is to be considered persona non grata in Italy and requesting the Ambassador to inform him that it would be inadvisable for him to remain.
363
July 25 (91) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Instructions to urge Foreign Office to delay action in the case until a thorough investigation has been made, and to express the hope that no violent measures may be resorted to.
364
July 27 (121) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Italian Government’s decision that Seldes must leave within 10 days from July 25. Seldes’ statement that he wishes a written notice from the police or some governmental agency, upon receipt of which he will go.
364
July 28 (542) From the Ambassador in Italy
Résumé of circumstances surrounding the expulsion of Seldes. Information that he will leave Italy on July 29.
364
[Page XLVI]

LIBERIA

Negotiations Concerning the Firestone Rubber Concession and Finance Corporation of America Loan

[Page XLVII][Page XLVIII][Page XLIX][Page L][Page LI][Page LII]
Date and number Subject Page
1924 Apr. 8 From the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation with Mr. Hines, of the Firestone Co., who reports that Mr. Firestone plans to draft a suggestion for a loan and make a proposal to Liberia whereby the money would be used to build up the country.
367
June 5 From Mr. W. D. Hines to the Liberian Secretary of State
Transmittal of proposals, on behalf of Mr. Firestone, for the leasing of land and the establishment of certain public improvements in Liberia.
367
June 18 (471–L) From the Liberian Secretary of State to Mr. W. D. Hines
Transmittal of drafts of formal agreements covering the Firestone proposals.
368
June 19 From Mr. W. D. Hines to the Liberian Secretary of State
Submission of minor changes which it is felt would make the agreements more acceptable.
368
June 19 (476–L) From the Liberian Secretary of State to Mr. W. D. Hines
Transmittal of the three draft agreements amended in accordance with the suggestions made by Mr. Hines (texts printed): (1) Concerning the lease of Mount Barclay Rubber Plantation; (2) concerning the lease of one million acres for the development of rubber growing; (3) concerning the improvement of the harbor of Monrovia.
369
June 19 From Mr. W. D. Hines to the Liberian Secretary of State
Information that the draft agreements appear to be in accordance with the understandings arrived at in conferences between the Liberian officials and the Firestone representatives in Liberia, and that Mr. Hines is planning to return with them to America immediately.
379
July 8 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Conversation with Firestone Co. representatives who called to discuss possibilities of securing a rubber concession in Liberia; inquiry by the representatives as to U. S. attitude in connection with a proposed loan to Liberia through the company’s fiscal agents.
379
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 29] From the General Receiver of Customs of Liberia (tel.)
Inquiry if there is any way of obtaining indication of Firestone decision in time for the December legislature.
382
Nov. 13 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Mr. Hines’ statement that Mr. Firestone had decided to proceed immediately with the concession for a rubber plantation and take up the loan question subsequently. Impression that Mr. Firestone will make no considerable investment, however, until he is certain that financial and political safeguards will be provided to assure the continuation of Liberia as a political entity.
382
Dec. 10 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone
Submission of draft agreements covering the proposed enterprise in Liberia, with request for Department’s advice as to whether they contain anything which would prevent U. S. moral support and approval.
384
Dec. 12 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Record of a conversation between the Secretary and Firestone Co. representatives respecting the proposed rubber concession.
385
Dec. 12 Memorandum by the Economic Adviser
Discussion between the Assistant Secretary and Firestone Co. representatives regarding the terms of the proposed agreements. Department’s feeling that a briefer term than the 99-year period specified in Agreement No. 2 and a more flexible arrangement as to fiscal relations between the company and Liberia might be desirable.
387
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 18] Draft Agreement Number 1 Between the Government of Liberia and Harvey S. Firestone
Concerning the lease of Mount Barclay Rubber Plantation.
389
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 18] Draft Agreement Number 2 Between the Government of Liberia and Harvey S. Firestone
Concerning the lease of one million acres for the development of rubber growing.
394
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 18] Draft Agreement Number 8 Between the Government of Liberia and Harvey S. Firestone
Concerning the improvement of the harbor of Monrovia.
401
Dec. 22 To Mr. Harvey S. Firestone
Information that there appears to be nothing in the contracts submitted which is opposed to the interests or policies of the U. S. Government or which would preclude the Department’s giving appropriate moral support.
403
1925 Jan. 7 (1) To the Clerk in Charge of the Legation at Monrovia (tel.)
Information that Mr. Firestone is telegraphing his agents in Liberia and also President King that the contracts are on the way and he hopes legislative action may be taken as soon as they arrive.
404
Jan. 13 An Act Passed by the Liberian Legislature
Approving the agreements entered into by the Liberian Government and Harvey S. Firestone.
(Footnote: Namely, the draft agreements arrived at in June 1924 in negotiations between Mr. Hines and the Liberian Government, and not identical with those submitted to the Department in December 1924 and taken to Liberia in February 1925.)
405
Feb. 16 (4) From the Clerk in Charge of the Legation at Monrovia (tel.)
For Harrison and Castle, of the State Department, from De la Rue, General Receiver of Customs of Liberia: Arrival of Firestone representative on February 15 with signed agreements.
(Footnote: Namely, the draft agreements submitted to the Department in December 1924.)
405
Feb. 23 (5) From the Clerk in Charge of the Legation at Monrovia (tel.)
For Harrison and Castle, from De la Rue: Information that the Cabinet objects to loan negotiation clause being included in agreements submitted by Firestone. Belief of Liberian Secretary of State that authorization for loan agreement with modifications might be entered into as a separate document and approved by the legislature at the same time.
406
Feb. 25 (6) From the Clerk in Charge of the Legation at Monrovia (tel.)
For Harrison and Castle, from De la Rue: Request for statistical information on rubber companies’ payments to governments for plantation privileges or as export charges in order to determine fairness of Firestone modifying terms.
406
Mar. 4 From the General Receiver of Customs of Liberia
Opinion of the majority of the Cabinet that it would be a more proper procedure if the loan agreement provisions were made a part of a separate agreement. Transmittal of copy of De la Rue’s opinion as Financial Adviser, dated March 2 (text printed), showing his attitude in the whole matter.
406
Mar. 5 (3) To the Clerk in Charge of the Legation at Monrovia (tel.)
Department’s disinclination to pass on projected loan before the matter is submitted through the usual channels by U. S. bankers interested.
416
Mar. 12 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone
Desire that no change be made in the loan agreement and hope that the Secretary will urge U. S. representatives in Liberia to do everything possible to have the agreement accepted as it is.
417
Mar. 17 (4) To the Clerk in Charge of the Legation at Monrovia (tel.)
Instructions to inform De la Rue that Mr. Firestone is not willing that any change be made in the loan agreement.
418
Mar. 28 To the General Receiver of Customs of Liberia
Transmittal of statistical information as requested in the Legation’s telegram No. 6, February 25.
419
Apr. 10 (7) To the Clerk in Charge of the Legation at Monrovia (tel.)
Request to be informed promptly when contracts are ratified, as Mr. Firestone is anxious to begin immediately large-scale operations which will be of advantage to Liberia.
420
Apr. 24 (11) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Summary of Department’s attitude as presented to the Liberian Government; inquiry if any expression can be sent by the Department which would demonstrate its interest and moral support, involving practical assistance in working the rehabilitation of Liberia by the bankers’ loan through Firestone.
420
Apr. 27 From the Liberian Secretary of State to Mr. W. D. Hines
Liberian Government’s opinion that the agreements, with the exception of certain specified details, furnish acceptable bases for its endorsement of the Firestone operations in Liberia.
421
Apr. 28 (432/D) From the Liberian Secretary of State to the American Minister
Presentation of views of the Liberian Government, as set forth in letter of April 27 to Mr. Hines, for transmittal to the Department, in view of the interest taken by the Department in the Firestone proposals to Liberia.
424
Apr. 30 From the Secretary to the President
Telegram from Mr. Firestone to President Coolidge (text printed) telling of difficulty in securing Liberia’s signature to the agreements and of his request for the assistance of Mr. Castle, of the State Department.
426
May 1 (8) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Reiteration of position that a loan by the United States is impossible and that the Department must reserve an expression of views until specific terms of the loan contract have been submitted to it. Authorization to inform the Liberian Government of Department’s sympathetic interest in the conclusion of the Firestone contracts.
426
May 2 (Consular No. 146) From the Minister Resident and Consul General at Monrovia
Information regarding the Liberian Government’s objections to arranging a loan with any company doing business in Liberia; list of the fundamental reasons why Liberia cannot sign the agreements in their present form.
427
May 11 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone to Mr. W. D. Hines (tel.)
Instructions to cable outline of proposed changes leaving agreements intact; assertion that loan is impossible unless Liberian finances are administered by parties making the loan.
429
May 13 (13) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Liberian Government’s explanation of its position (text printed), including its reasons for urging that the loan question be taken up in a separate agreement, but asserting its willingness, however, if the United States considers it advisable, to authorize Mr. Firestone to begin preliminary negotiations for the loan.
430
May 22 (14) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Transmittal of additional explanation of the Liberian Government’s point of view (text printed).
431
May 22 (10) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Statement for transmittal to the Foreign Minister (text printed), indicating U. S. appreciation of Liberian position regarding the loan question, but setting forth certain assurances whereby the Liberian interests would appear to be thoroughly safeguarded in the Firestone contracts.
432
May 26 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone to the Vice President of the National City Bank of New York (tel.)
Suggestion of a cable to be sent to De la Rue (text printed), containing opinion that Mr. Firestone would agree to modify his agreement as to terms of lease and change loan agreement to read, “Liberian Government to accept loan of two to five million on terms to be agreed on.”
433
May 28 (521/D) From the Liberian Secretary of State to the American Minister
Acceptance of assurances given in Department’s telegram No. 10, May 22, and willingness to enter into the Firestone agreements on the understanding that the detailed terms of the loan agreement will be worked out in subsequent negotiations and that the money will not be advanced by Mr. Firestone or any corporation he might form.
433
May 29 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone (tel.)
Cable from Mr. Hines (text printed) stating belief that a continued firm stand will assure Liberian acceptance of satisfactory loan terms.
437
June 5 (Diplomatic No. 274) From the Minister in Liberia
Report on status of negotiations regarding the Firestone contracts.
437
June 11 (20) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
For Castle: Liberian Government’s suggestion to send its Secretary of State to America to arrange the loan and to summon the legislature to ratify it after his return to Liberia.
442
June 12 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone to President King of Liberia
Opinion that the modifications suggested by Liberia, as set forth in a cable from Mr. Ross, Firestone representative, are only technical wording, with exception of the food clause, and would not change the carrying out of the agreements.
442
June 12 (12) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Mr. Firestone’s decision to change the loan clause to conform to “Liberian legal requirements,” thus providing for eventual ratification following negotiation of the loan agreement in the United States.
443
June 12 (13) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Understanding that the signature of the agreements as modified is to be expected at any moment. Department’s invitation, at the wish of the interested parties, to the Liberian Government to send a commission to the United States to arrange a bankers’ loan.
443
June 14 (21) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
List of minor modifications desired by Liberia and approved by Mr. Ross. Advice that Mr. Firestone empower Ross to sign the agreement, whereupon De la Rue and the commission will leave for America.
444
June 15 (22) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Mr. Firestone’s cable to Ross ordering agreements resubmitted but refusing to accept Liberia’s alterations; Minister’s advice to Ross to take no action pending reply to Legation’s telegram No. 21, June 14.
445
June 19 (24) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Liberian acceptance of U. S. invitation to send officials to arrange bankers’ loan.
445
June 20 (14) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Understanding that Mr. Ross has been authorized to agree to the modifications desired by Liberia. Inquiry as to the probable make-up of the commission which will come to the United States and date of arrival.
445
June 23 From Mr. D. A. Ross to Mr. Harvey S. Firestone (tel.)
Further alterations by the Liberian Government, with assertion that it understood that Mr. Firestone would accept all modifications required by it.
446
June 26 (15) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Assertion that Liberia’s action in proposing further modifitions is result of grave misunderstanding of Mr. Firestone’s instructions to Ross and has brought about serious possibility of Firestone’s withdrawal. Instructions to use best efforts to remove misunderstanding and facilitate prompt conclusion of negotiations.
446
June 27 (25) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Receipt from Liberian authorities of signed copies of the agreements for transmittal through the Department to Mr. Firestone. Information that the Liberian Secretary of State is proceeding to America with full power to settle all complications which may arise.
(Footnote: Arrival of the Liberian Secretary in New York August 12; departure September 26.)
447
July 15 (19) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Personal message from Mr. Firestone to President King (text printed) suggesting that a special session of the legislature be called to insure prompt consideration of the proposed loan.
447
July 23 (29) From the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
President King’s feeling that he must have the Liberian Secretary of State’s report and the actual signed documents in hand before calling for a special session of the legislature.
448
Sept. 1 From the General Receiver of Customs of Liberia
Request for the personal opinion of Mr. Castle in regard to certain points raised in connection with the loan negotiations.
448
Sept. 17 Agreement Number 1 Between the Government of Liberia and the Firestone Plantations Company
Concerning the lease of Mount Barclay Rubber Plantation.
450
Sept. 16 Agreement Number 2 Between the Government of Liberia and the Firestone Plantations Company
Concerning the lease of lands not to exceed one million acres for the development of rubber growing.
454
Sept. 16 Agreement Number 8 Between the Government of Liberia and the Firestone Plantations Company
Concerning the improvement of the harbor of Monrovia.
461
Undated Draft Loan Agreement Between the Government of Liberia, the Finance Corporation of America, and the National City Bank of New York
To provide for the adjustment of Liberia’s outstanding indebtedness and to arrange for certain public works and improvements in the country.
463
Sept. 25 From the Liberian Secretary of State
Expression of appreciation for sympathetic and courteous consideration received while in the United States.
484
Oct. 7 (877) From the British Chargé
British Government’s attitude regarding the alleged possibility, as a condition of the proposed loan agreement, that a nominee of the United States should be placed in control of Liberian customs.
484
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of an Interview With the British Ambassador, October 19, 1925
Secretary’s explanation of U. S. attitude in Liberia as to the open-door policy.
485
Oct. 28 (398) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Understanding that the Liberian Secretary of State, now in Paris, is expecting direct word from the Department containing approval of the tentative loan terms; instructions to inform him that it will be necessary to follow the usual procedure with regard to the flotation of foreign loans, that is, when the final terms are submitted to the Department, it will indicate to the bankers whether or not it finds any basis for objection.
485
Oct. 31 To Mr. Harvey S. Firestone
Request for further information in connection with the terms of lease in the recent agreements made with Liberia; reference also, in connection with the loan provisions, to the Department’s policy regarding the flotation of foreign loans.
486
Nov. 2 (534) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that the Liberian Secretary of State says he understands fully the Department’s policy regarding the flotation of foreign loans in the United States.
488
Nov. 23 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone
Information in accord with Department’s request of October 31.
488
[Dec. 19] From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone to President King of Liberia (tel.)
Assurance that the press reports are erroneous which state that the Firestone Co. expects employment of 30, 000 Americans to supervise plantations in Liberia.
489
Dec. 29 (Diplomatic No. 318) From the Secretary of Legation at Monrovia
Information that many points have been raised and contrary views expressed during the Liberian consideration of the loan agreement; transmittal of proposed Liberian amendments to the draft agreement (text printed) and a letter from De la Rue to the U. S. Minister, December 28 (text printed), stating that Liberia has requested an extension of time for consideration of the agreement.
489
[Page LIII]

Request by Liberia for the Good Offices of the United States in the Boundary Dispute With France

Date and number Subject Page
1925 July 2 (Diplomatic No. 285) From the Minister in Liberia
Transmittal of Liberian note protesting against certain alleged aggressive acts of France upon the peace and territory of Liberia and requesting that the good offices of the United States be exercised in procuring a peaceful adjustment of the situation.
495
Oct. 13 (257) To the Minister in Liberia
Note to be handed to the Liberian Secretary of State (text printed), expressing U. S. willingness to exercise its good offices as requested, and containing suggestions for certain action on the part of the Liberian Government. Instructions to inform the Department of any action taken by Liberia.
496

LITHUANIA

Agreement Between the United States and Lithuania According Mutual Unconditional Most-Favored-Nation Treatment in Customs Matters, Signed December 23, 1925

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Dec. 23 To the Lithuanian Minister
Understanding of agreement reached through conversations for mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters.
500
Dec. 23 From the Lithuanian Minister
Understanding of agreement reached through conversations for mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters.
501
1926 July 9 (2334) From the Lithuanian Minister
Lithuanian ratification on March 24, 1926, of the agreement concluded by exchange of notes signed December 23, 1925.
503

MEXICO

Conventions Between the United States and Mexico, Signed December 23, 1925: (1) Convention To Prevent Smuggling; (2) Supplementary Extradition Convention

[Page LIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1924 Dec. 17 (89) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to take up with the Mexican Government, with a view to arranging for an informal preliminary conference, the matter of the desirability of negotiating with the United States a convention to prevent smuggling and also a supplementary extradition convention to cover offenses against the narcotic laws.
504
1925 Jan. 30 (36) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Ambassador’s oral understanding with the Foreign Minister regarding Mexican willingness to negotiate convention, and his formal note inquiring as to Mexican desires in connection with the holding of the preliminary conference to discuss suppression of illicit traffic in narcotics and to draw up draft conventions.
505
Feb. 27 (39) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to sound the Mexican Government regarding the desirability of signing promptly an extradition convention covering narcotic cases so that it can be approved during the brief session of the Senate after March 4.
506
Feb. 28 (49) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Information that the Foreign Secretary will consult the appropriate authorities concerning the possibility of arrangements for immediate signature of an extradition convention. Mexican Government’s note requesting names of the American experts to meet the Mexicans at a preliminary conference to formulate a smuggling convention.
506
Mar. 21 (62) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Personnel of the American commission to the preliminary conference. Instructions to suggest to the Mexican Government that the discussion should include the question of smuggling of aliens across the frontier in contravention of the immigration laws of either country.
507
Mar. 28 (70) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain informally if it would be agreeable to Mexico to hold the conference at El Paso on April 20, and if so, to extend formal invitation on behalf of United States.
507
Mar. 31 (73) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Secretary’s belief that it would be acceptable to Mexico to hold the conference at El Paso on April 20; also to name a representative to discuss smuggling of aliens, as previously suggested by the United States.
(Footnote: Date of the conference later set for May 15, at Mexico’s request.)
508
Apr. 18 (82) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Personnel of the Mexican delegation to the El Paso conference.
508
May 1 From the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs to the Assistant Solicitor
Information that the Mexican Embassy in Washington, upon instructions from the Mexican Foreign Office, has requested the proposed agenda of the conference. Inquiry if this information can be supplied.
509
May 5 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Mexican Affairs
Proposed agenda of the conference communicated to the Mexican Embassy.
509
Dec. 23 Convention Between the United States of America and Mexico
To prevent smuggling operations along the boundary between the two countries.
510
Dec. 23 Supplementary Extradition Convention Between the United States of America and Mexico
Covering crimes and offenses against the narcotic laws of either country and the laws regarding contraband.
515
[Page LV]

Public Statement by the Secretary of State That the United States Could Not Acquiesce in Continued Violations of the Rights of Americans in Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1925 June 12 (132) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Statement made to the press by the Secretary (text printed), setting forth U. S. policy to continue to support the Government in Mexico only so long as it protects American lives and rights and complies with its international obligations.
517
Undated Statement Issued to the Press by President Calles on June 14, 1925
Replying to the U. S. Secretary’s press statement.
518
June 15 (133) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Information that the Secretary’s statement will be allowed to stand, and that the Department will make no supplementary comment for publication and does not consider making a retort to the reply of President Calles.
520

Representations by the United States Against Mexican Agrarian and Petroleum Legislation

[Page LVI]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Oct. 2 (1178) From the Chargé in Mexico
Transmittal of newspaper clipping which contains Mexican President’s message to Congress of September 30 covering the proposed alien land bill (text printed) to regulate section 1 of article 27 of the Mexican Constitution.
521
Oct. 22 (205) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Press announcement that Senate committee has favorably reported the alien land bill. Recommendation that the Department enter protest; request for instructions.
523
Oct. 29 (240) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Inadvisability of sending formal note at present. Instructions to obtain an interview with the Foreign Minister and point out to him those provisions in the bill which if applied retroactively would affect American vested interests.
523
Nov. 5 (223) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Information obtained in interview with the Foreign Minister regarding the general purport of the bill and certain specific questions raised.
525
Nov. 6 From the British Ambassador
Information that the British representative in Mexico City has been instructed to endeavor to secure amendment or withdrawal of clauses in the bill relating to foreigners, which, if given retroactive force, would have a prejudicial effect on the position of British subjects holding investments in industrial concerns in Mexico.
527
Nov. 13 (254) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Message to be read to the Foreign Minister (text printed) expressing the hope that nothing will be done which will tend to affect the good relations between Mexico and the United States.
(Footnote: Information that aide-mémoire embodying the message was presented on November 17.)
527
Nov. 20 (245) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Opinion that the bill will be passed in the near future. Suggestion that the Department formulate its observations on the bill and send instructions, with a view to forestalling the possibility of Mexico claiming later that the United States never made a specific protest against the bill.
529
Nov. 25 (264) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions for further representations to be based on an aide-mémoire (text printed) setting forth the apprehension with which the bill is viewed by American holders of property rights in Mexico because of the features which appear to be retroactive and confiscatory.
(Footnote: Information that aide-mémoire was presented on November 27.)
529
Nov. 27 (1415) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Transmittal of a bill regulating the petroleum industry in Mexico, passed by the Chamber of Deputies November 26 (text printed).
531
Nov. 30 From the Mexican Ambassador
Note from the Foreign Minister, November 26 (text printed), containing certain explanations in reply to the U. S. aide-mémoire of November 17.
537
Dec. 8 (1473) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Memorandum from the Foreign Minister, December 5 (text printed), replying to the U. S. aide-mémoire of November 27 and setting forth reasons for the Mexican contention that the law is neither retroactive nor confiscatory.
540
Dec. 12 (274) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Substance of a conversation with the Mexican Ambassador (text printed), to be used, unless deemed inadvisable, as a basis of a conversation with the Foreign Minister. Request for opinion as to whether Department should file a formal protest against the petroleum bill and should make further reply to Foreign Office note of December 5.
547
Dec. 16 (280) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Record of interview with the Foreign Minister in which U. S. position was reiterated; Foreign Minister’s conciliatory attitude and his promise to call attention of the appropriate authorities to this exchange of views. Opinion that no reply to the Mexican memorandum of December 5 is necessary at present, but if either the alien land bill or the petroleum bill becomes law, then a formal note should be presented to prevent, if possible, passing of the other bill.
550
Dec. 22 (291) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Passage of the petroleum bill by Congress.
551
Dec. 31 (294) To the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to present a first-person note (substance printed) informing the Mexican Government that the United States cannot assent to a retroactive and confiscatory application of the recent agrarian or petroleum laws to American-owned properties in Mexico.
552
[Page LVII]

Renewed Negotiations for a Settlement of the Dispute Over the Rio Grande Boundary

[Page LVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1924 May 9 (68) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to endeavor to bring about an adjustment of the long-standing Chamizal case either through an unconditional relinquishment by Mexico of her claims to the tract, or if this could not be accomplished, by the conclusion of a convention; proposed draft of convention for settlement of the case and for the better definition of the international boundary at certain points along the Rio Grande (text printed).
554
Nov. 8 (23) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Proposed additional articles (texts printed) for the draft convention, with regard to the construction of a controlling river channel and the fixing of the international boundary line in the center of that channel.
566
1925 Feb. 19 (48) From the Ambassador in Mexico (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s assertion that Mexican Government does not relinquish its claim to the Chamizal tract; his assurance, however, that Mexico is desirous of receiving suggestions from the United States looking toward a settlement of the Chamizal case.
568
Apr. 30 (562) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Note from the Foreign Minister, April 27 (text printed), declaring Mexico’s inability, for certain stipulated reasons, to enter into a consideration of the draft convention as submitted to it by the Department in a note dated February 19.
569
June 26 From the American Commissioner, International Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico
Minute No. 61 of a meeting of the International Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico, June 23 (text printed), recommending three cut-offs in the Rio Grande for the purpose of flood control, as requested by the city and county of El Paso, Texas.
574
Aug. 11 (176) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to express to the Mexican Government the U. S. hope for a prompt decision in favor of approving the Boundary Commission’s recommendations.
577
Aug. 13 (154) From the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Delivery of note to the Foreign Minister in the sense of telegram No. 176. Foreign Minister’s insistence that the proposed cut-offs must await settlement of the general Rio Grande problem; promise, however, to give further consideration to U. S. note and reply as soon as possible.
578
Aug. 17 (183) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions either to bring the matter to the personal attention of the President or to request the Foreign Minister to do so, placing emphasis on recent losses on both sides of the border due to floods.
578
Aug. 19 (983) From the Chargé in Mexico
Foreign Minister’s note, August 18 (text printed), containing Mexican Government’s decision that the questions already pending should be settled by the International Boundary Commission before proceeding to the construction of the proposed cut-offs.
578
1925 Oct. 26 (231) To the Chargé in Mexico (tel.)
Instructions to approach the Mexican Government again with a view to obtaining its approval of the Commission’s recommendations.
581
Nov. 16 (1362) From the Ambassador in Mexico
Note from the Foreign Minister, November 13 (text printed), replying to the further representations of the U. S. Ambassador and indicating that the Government is not prepared to sanction the immediate execution of the work proposed and stands substantially upon the note of August 18.
582

Removal by the United States of Its Coaling Station in Pichilingue Bay at the Request of the Government of Mexico

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Oct. 15 From the Mexican Ambassador
Mexican Government’s request that the U. S. Government remove within 6 months the coaling station now maintained in Pichilingue Bay, as its existence is incompatible with the fundamental laws of Mexico.
584
Dec. 11 (82) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to intimate to the Mexican authorities that the Government’s request is being considered favorably and to say also that the United States would appreciate the renewal of the permission heretofore accorded to the U. S. Fleet to operate from the waters of Magdalena Bay during periods for which diplomatic arrangements would be made beforehand in each case.
586
1925 Jan. 26 (275) From the Chargé in Mexico
Memorandum from the Foreign Minister, January 24 (text printed), setting forth desire that the United States should continue its attitude (as set forth by the Secretary of State in 1910) of not requesting new permits for Magdalena Bay, but asserting disposition to indicate the conditions to be observed if eventually the Navy Department should wish to solicit, as an exception, a permit relative to fleet maneuvers in Magdalena Bay.
587
Feb. 11 (187) To the Ambassador in Mexico
Instructions to inform the Foreign Office that the fuel depot in Pichilingue Bay will be permanently closed and relinquished in accordance with Mexico’s wishes; also to convey U. S. appreciation of the Mexican assurance in regard to Magdalena Bay.
588
[Page LIX]

MOROCCO

Refusal by the United States To Acquiesce in the Application of the Statute of Tangier

[Page LX]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 4 (325) To the Chargé in Morocco
Instructions that the rights of the United States in the Tangier Zone are not to be regarded as modified by the application of the Statute of Tangier, pending receipt of satisfactory replies from France, Great Britain, and Spain to the Department’s notes of December 20, 1924.
590
May 31 From the French Ambassador
Information that the Statute of Tangier, established through the Paris agreement of December 18, 1923, will go into effect on June 1.
591
May 31 (59–16) From the Spanish Ambassador
Information that the Statute of Tangier will go into effect June 1, and hope that the United States will recognize the new regime at the earliest possible date.
591
May 31 (7) From the Chargé in Morocco (tel.)
Information that the Italian Minister has called a meeting of the Sanitary Council for June 3, in view of announced intention of the Shereefian Government to abolish the Council when the Statute of Tangier goes into effect on June 1. Request for instructions.
592
June 1 (574) From the British Ambassador
Information that the Statute of Tangier will go into force June 1, and hope that the United States will agree as to the necessity of establishing a settled regime in Tangier without further delay.
592
June 1 (5) To the Chargé in Morocco (tel.)
Instructions to attend the meeting of the Sanitary Council but to take no active part beyond entering full reservations of U. S. rights pending receipt of further instructions.
593
June 4 (9) From the Chargé in Morocco (tel.)
Report on attitude of the various representatives of the powers at the meeting of the Sanitary Council.
593
June 4 (399) From the Chargé in Morocco
Detailed account of events and attitude of the powers in connection with the abolition of the Sanitary Council; observations with regard to the inauguration of the Tangier convention, and expression of the hope, in informal conversations with members of the Committee of Control, that no attempt would be made to apply on June 1 the announced laws and taxation to U. S. citizens and protégés.
594
June 11 (403) From the Chargé in Morocco
Account of the proceedings accompanying the formal inauguration of the Tangier convention.
598
June 18 To the French Ambassador
Department’s inability to acquiesce in the action taken to put into effect the Statute of Tangier, in view of the absence of the assurances requested in its note of December 20, 1924.
(Footnote: Sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Spanish Ambassador and the British Chargé.)
599
Sept. 5 (17) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Transmittal of four dahirs relating to taxation imposed in the Tangier Zone which the Sultan’s Delegate has requested to be made applicable to U. S. citizens and protégés. Suggestion that no reply be made to this request at present, as no complaints have been presented by American ressortissants with respect to any attempted collection of the taxes from them. Request for authorization to instruct Americans to pay taxes under protest in case necessity should arise.
600
Dec. 1 (364) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
U. S. refusal to assent to the imposition in the Tangier Zone of any such taxes upon U. S. nationals or protégés, pending the settlement of the position to be taken by the United States with reference to the Statute of Tangier. Authorization to instruct Americans as suggested.
601
Dec. 3 (74) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that the King, in an audience granted to the Ambassador, expressed the belief that the powers should permit Spain to police Tangier and that this would help to solve the Moroccan problem.
602

Reservation of American Rights With Respect to Joint Naval Vigilance of France and Spain off the Moroccan Coast

Date and number Subject Page
1925 June 25 (5330) From the Chargé in France
Report that an agreement has been signed at Madrid providing for naval cooperation between Spain and France on the coast of Morocco. Outline of terms of the agreement.
602
June 29 (622) From the Ambassador in Spain
Note verbale from the Foreign Office, June 26 (text printed), containing information of the conclusion of the agreement.
603
July 3 (5361) From the Ambassador in France
Two notes from the Foreign Office (texts printed) stating that the French and Spanish warships will insure strict observance of the international regulations prohibiting any access to the Moroccan coast outside of open ports and also any importation of arms or war material into Morocco; and defining the categories of sectors specified for surveillance.
(Footnote: Similar notes from the Spanish Foreign Office, dated June 26 and July 2.)
604
July 31 (297) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to inform the French Government that the U. S. Government does not recognize the right of either France or Spain to interfere with U. S. vessels outside the 3-mile limit, or with such vessels within the 3–mile limit except in the manner provided for in the Act of Algeciras.
(Footnote: Similar instructions sent to the Ambassador in Spain.)
606
[Page LXI]

Enlistment of American Citizens for Military Service in Morocco

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Sept. 5 (9) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier (tel.)
Suggestion as to possible advisability of taking measures to invite the attention of U. S. citizens in Morocco to sections 5282 and 4090 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, in order to remove any misapprehension caused by the reported enlistment of U. S. citizens in the Sultan’s army.
606
Sept. 24 (26) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Clippings from the local press reflecting upon an action attributed to the State Department in regard to the American aviators serving with the French forces operating against the Riff.
607
Oct. 21 To Representative A. Piatt Andrew of Massachusetts
Information concerning the Department’s suggestion in its telegram No. 9, September 5, to the diplomatic agent and consul general at Tangier. Statement that the Department has no evidence as to whether the aviators in question have or have not enlisted in the Sultan’s army.
607
Nov. 10 (5701) From the Ambassador in France
Paris press announcement that the American aviators who volunteered their services to the French and Moroccan Governments in July will be disbanded November 15 and will return to France. Membership of the squadron and account of its activities.
609
Nov. 11 (421) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Statement that the U. S. Government’s attitude with respect to American citizens serving in the armed forces in Morocco is based upon the spirit of the laws of the United States regarding foreign enlistment, notably sections 5282 and 4090 of the Revised Statutes.
(Instructions to inform consulates.)
611
Nov. 12 (559) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Ambassador’s assertion that he has always understood the U. S. attitude as set forth in Department’s telegram No. 421 and does not understand the reason for that telegram.
612
Nov. 12 (424) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Explanation that the Department’s 421 was sent in the belief that it would be a useful addition to the permanent files of the Embassy and in order that the consulates in France might be appropriately instructed before the aviators returned.
612
Nov. 14 (5720) From the Ambassador in France
Transmittal of an article from Le Temps of November 14 (text printed), regarding the dissolution of the Riffian squadron.
612

NETHERLANDS

Arbitration Between the United States and the Netherlands Respecting Sovereignty Over the Island of Palmas

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 23 Treaty Between the United States of America and the Netherlands
To terminate the differences between the two Governments with respect to the sovereignty over the Island of Palmas.
614
[Page LXII]

NICARAGUA

Withdrawal of the Legation Guard of United States Marines After the Inauguration of the Solorzano Administration

[Page LXIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 3 (3) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Solorzano’s desire that a plan for establishment of a constabulary be submitted to him, and that the legation guard be retained until the constabulary is sufficiently well organized to make its withdrawal feasible.
618
Jan. 3 [5?] From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Recommendation that if the legation guard is to be withdrawn in January and withdrawal is not to be contingent upon the establishment of a constabulary force, the Department should at an early date extend formal recognition to the Solorzano government and announce intention to lend effective moral support.
618
Jan. 7 (9) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
President’s desire that the legation guard remain; exposition of his views as set forth in excerpts from draft of a formal note to be submitted to the Legation by the Foreign Minister.
619
Jan. 7 (1) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Plan for withdrawal of legation guard during January; Department’s willingness, however, to cooperate in organizing the constabulary, and desire for prompt action by Congress on pending legislation which would authorize employment of U. S. Marine officers as instructors; intention that formal and cordial diplomatic relations be continued with the new authorities.
620
Jan. 8 (3) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to cable full text of note mentioned in Legation’s telegram No. 9, January 7, and to inquire whether there is any objection to publication of the note.
620
Jan. 9 (13) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Foreign Office note, January 7 (text printed), setting forth the President’s desire that the U. S. marines should not be withdrawn until the establishment, under the guidance of American instructors, of an efficient national guard.
(Footnote: Permission granted for publication of the note, and its release to the press January 17.)
621
Jan. 14 (8) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Note for the Foreign Minister (text printed) stating Department’s willingness to permit the legation guard to remain for such time as is absolutely necessary, but only upon the understanding that the work of organizing the police force will be immediately undertaken and prosecuted in accordance with a suitable plan. Department’s desire to withdraw the marines before September 1 if practicable.
622
Feb. 17 (204) To the Minister in Nicaragua
Transmittal of a plan for the establishment of a constabulary in Nicaragua (text printed).
624
Mar. 9 (57) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Nicaraguan objections to the plan, as presented informally by the Chargé; Chargé’s recommendation that he be instructed to present a note to the Foreign Minister embodying the plan with such modifications as have been agreed upon by himself and Major Keyser, commander of the legation guard.
627
Mar. 11 (40) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Authorization to present note as suggested, and to state orally that unless Nicaragua desires to proceed at once to the organization of the constabulary, the United States would not be willing for the legation guard to remain longer.
628
May 15 (95) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Transcript of the constabulary plan as approved by the Nicaraguan Congress (text printed).
628
May 20 (96) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Explanation to the Foreign Minister that if his Government desired U. S. cooperation in organization of the constabulary, it should formally request it, in view of the omission in the new plan of all provisions for U. S. cooperation. Nicaraguan note making such request (excerpt printed); Chargé’s recommendation that request be refused, in view of nature of the plan as now worded.
630
May 27 (66) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Opinion that it is advisable to comply with the Nicaraguan request; instructions to cooperate with Major Keyser in selecting well-qualified officers of the guard to assist in organizing the constabulary pending the arrival of civilian instructors.
632
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Nicaraguan Chargé, May 28, 1925
Nicaraguan request for names of the U. S. officers who would act as instructors; Secretary’s information that the Navy Department has been asked for the names of its officers.
633
June 16 (70) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that Major Carter, of Texas, has signed a 1-year contract to be chief of the constabulary and of the school of instruction.
633
July 3 (113) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s assertion that his Government now has funds for organizing the national guard and his request that the marines undertake the organization; recommendation that Foreign Minister be informed that in view of the contemplated departure of the legation guard on August 3 it is impracticable for the marines to do so.
634
July 7 (78) To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Approval of Chargé’s recommendation, and authorization to advise Foreign Minister accordingly.
635
Aug. 1 (126) From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that the legation guard has left Managua and arrived at Corinto.
636

Efforts by the United States To Preserve Constitutional Government in Nicaragua

[Page LXIV][Page LXV]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Aug. 29 (134) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report of incident at the International Club, where several persons were forcibly taken prisoner by troops of General Rivas, commander of the Loma garrison; and of Rivas’ demand for the removal of several Liberal members of the Cabinet; interruption of business and communication.
636
Sept. 1 (135) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Declaration of martial law in Managua.
637
Sept. 3 (138) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Solorzano’s indecision as to whether to resign or to demand the resignation of General Rivas. Opinion of thinking men of all parties that anarchy will prevail unless Rivas is soon relieved and the President assumes firmer authority.
637
Sept. 6 (139) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Probability that the appearance of an American war vessel at Corinto at this time would have a stabilizing effect.
637
Sept. 7 (140) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President Solorzano’s request for the dispatch of an American war vessel to Bluefields and another to Corinto immediately.
638
Sept. 13 (142) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Arrival in Managua of Captain Wyman of the Denver and three aides; President’s expression of appreciation.
638
Sept. 21 (145) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that war vessels withdrew September 20; assertion that their presence doubtless stopped temporarily at least the tendency toward revolution.
638
Oct. 25 (150) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that General Chamorro has taken charge of the Loma fortress and that his troops threaten to control the entire situation by force, if necessary. Minister’s advice to Chamorro that the United States has no other course to pursue than to support the constitutional government and will not recognize any government assuming power by force.
639
Oct. 26 (101) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Approval of the Minister’s action, and instructions to keep Department fully informed.
639
Oct. 26 (153) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that President Solorzano has agreed to virtually all the demands of Chamorro and that Chamorro is in complete control.
640
Nov. 7 (163) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Chamorro’s statement that he is sending additional troops to Leon to guard against alleged tendency of the Liberals to revolt; claim of the Liberals that acts of violence are being done in order to force resignation of Vice President Sacasa.
640
Nov. 9 (165) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information from the Minister of Honduras that Vice President Sacasa, fleeing from Leon, has arrived at La Union, Honduras.
641
Nov. 17 (169) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Report that the Solorzano government still functions under all the changes of October 26. Opinion that no change in attitude thus far taken by the Legation is required as yet.
641
Dec. 9 (114) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Statement that if President Solorzano should resign, the United States would accord recognition to any successor who had been elected or appointed by constitutional means. Instructions to make clear to political leaders, if necessary, the U. S. policy with respect to the recognition of new Central American governments.
642
Dec. 14 (179) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Idea held by many Nicaraguans that the United States would employ armed force to place Sacasa in office should Solorzano resign. Suggestion that Department issue an instruction on this point.
642
Dec. 14 (115) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Assertion that United States would not use armed force to place Sacasa in office should Solorzano resign; also that it should not be necessary to elaborate on Department’s policy as set forth in instruction No. 114, of December 9.
643
Dec. 18 (184) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Legation’s firm opposition to proposal by some Nicaraguans that a constituent assembly be called for the ostensible purpose of revising the Constitution, but actually to effect a change of government.
644
Dec. 21 (120) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Approval of Minister’s action in discouraging the calling of a constituent assembly to bring about a change of government.
644
Dec. 24 (186) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that the plans for nullifying the last elections and for convoking a constituent assembly have been abandoned for the present at least.
646

NORWAY

Arrangement Between the United States and Norway Granting Relief From Double Income Tax on Shipping Profits

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Nov. 26 From the Norwegian Minister
Transmittal of provisions (text printed) of the new taxation laws enacted in Norway August 11, 1924, amending the exemption provisions of the laws of August 18, 1911, and reaffirming the reciprocal exemption of income and excess and war profits taxes in Norway and the United States with regard to income derived from the operation of ships under their respective flags.
647
1925 Jan. 23 To the Norwegian Minister
Information that the exemption provision of the new Norwegian laws of August 11, 1924, satisfies the equivalent exemption provision of section 213 (b) (8) of the Revenue Act of 1924.
648
Mar. 24 From the Norwegian Minister
Confirmation of the existence of reciprocity under the Norwegian and American laws regarding exemption from double income tax on shipping.
649
[Page LXVI]

PANAMA

Status in the Canal Zone of Diplomatic and Consular Officers Accredited to Panama

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Feb. 25 (388) From the Minister in Panama
Request for a ruling in regard to the status of diplomatic and consular officers in Panama and the question of permitting foreign consuls accredited to Panama to exercise their functions in the Canal Zone without the issuance of an exequatur by the United States.
650
Apr. 2 To the Secretary of War
Suggestion that the Department’s circular note of February 17, 1921, to certain foreign diplomatic representatives in Washington, be brought to the attention of the Governor of the Canal Zone, with a view to enforcing the system outlined therein, namely, that foreign consuls in Panama should exercise their functions under exequaturs issued by the United States.
651
Apr. 29 (181) To the Minister in Panama
Information that U. S. diplomatic officers in Panama have the same status with respect to the Canal Zone as to any other territory over which the United States exercises jurisdiction; that consular officers do not have privileges and immunities accorded diplomatic officers, but do have certain rights derived from international law and treaties; that the U. S. policy as to exequaturs for foreign consuls in Panama is stated in the circular of February 17, 1921 (excerpt printed).
653
1925 Jan. 3 To the Secretary of War
Approval of the procedure suggested by the Acting Governor of the Canal to issue a notice informing foreign consuls that only those having U. S. exequaturs will be regarded as authorized to transact consular business in the Canal Zone after January 1, 1925. Opinion that an exception should be made, however, for those having obtained the provisional recognition of the United States.
655
Jan. 20 From the Secretary of War
Circular letter issued by the Acting Governor of The Panama Canal, January 7 (text printed), giving notice of the requirement regarding U. S. exequaturs.
656
Jan. 31 To the Panaman Minister
Information, in reply to the Minister’s inquiry, that it is the practice of the United States to accord to diplomatic officers accredited to Panama, while in the Canal Zone, those courtesies and privileges which are customarily extended by third states to diplomatic officers of foreign governments.
657

Good Offices of the American Minister in Panama in Pacifying an Indian Revolt

[Page LXVII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 27 (24) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Report of an Indian uprising which appears to be general along a portion of the north coast; also that intense bitterness toward Richard O. Marsh, an American citizen and explorer, is manifested in the press and throughout the country.
657
Feb. 27 (25) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Information obtained from Indians that Marsh has attempted to restrain them and that their uprising is due to injustices done them by the Panamans. Suggestion that Department endeavor, through the Legation, to have Marsh return to the United States.
658
Feb. 28 (27) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Information that Marsh has asked the captain of the Cleveland to take him to Cristobal, as his life is in danger. Request for instructions as to what course to follow if Panaman authorities demand that he be turned over to them at Cristobal.
659
Feb. 28 (26) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Information that Justice of the Supreme Court is leaving for Carti to make investigation of Marsh’s activities and hear evidence of Indians.
659
Feb. 28 (24) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Authorization to act on suggestion contained in Legation’s telegram No. 25, February 27.
659
Mar. 1 (28) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Desire for instructions regarding Marsh in order to avoid unnecessary complications on his arrival at Cristobal. Panaman Government’s intention to ask for his extradition.
660
Mar. 2 (25) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Assertion that upon Marsh’s arrival in the Canal Zone the matter of his extradition will be one to be dealt with in the usual manner between authorities of Panama and the Canal Zone.
660
Mar. 2 (29) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Conviction, after participation in Carti investigation, that charges made by the Indians against Panama are true. Panaman intention to ask for assistance in resubjugating the Indians; suggestion that no such assistance be given at present.
660
Mar. 4 (31) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Signature of an agreement between the Foreign Minister, Minister of Justice, and 13 Indian chiefs of northern San Bias region; Minister’s signature as a witness. Official inquiry into Marsh’s activities and decision not to ask for his extradition but to ask Canal Zone authorities to deport him.
(Footnote: Information that the agreement was signed at Porvenir, capital of police district of San Bias.)
661
Mar. 5 (32) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Acceptance of Porvenir agreement by the head chief of the southern San Bias region, following conference at Aligandi between the Indians, the U. S. Minister, and the Panaman Foreign Minister and Minister of Justice.
662
Mar. 6 (26) To the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Department’s congratulations upon success of Minister’s efforts to compose differences between Panaman officials and Indians, and commendation for able handling of the difficult situation.
662
Mar. 18 (38) From the Minister in Panama (tel.)
Information that Marsh sailed for United States March 17.
662
[Page LXVIII]

Assistance by United States Troops in Quelling Riots in Panama City

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Oct. 11 (95) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Report of riot in Santa Ana Plaza, October 10, when Tenants’ League, under leadership of foreign and Panaman labor agitators, attempted to hold a meeting in defiance of decree of the municipal authorities.
663
Oct. 12 (96) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s request for 300 American troops to assist the Panaman police in keeping order; reply, after consultation with the Acting Governor of the Canal Zone, that U. S. military authorities would assume control of policing the city upon written request of the Panaman Government, stating its inability to maintain order.
663
Oct. 12 (97) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Information that about 600 U. S. troops entered the city, following formal request from the Foreign Minister for U. S. assistance.
664
Oct. 13 (63) To the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Approval of Chargé’s action. Instructions to observe situation closely with a view to initiating measures for withdrawal of troops as soon as feasible.
665
Oct. 14 (98) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Report that conditions in the city are rapidly returning to normal.
665
Oct. 22 (105) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Report that U. S. troops will be withdrawn from the city October 23.
666
Oct. 23 (108) From the Chargé in Panama (tel.)
Withdrawal of the troops at noon on October 23.
666

PARAGUAY

Delivery of the “Paraguayan Jewels” to the Government of Paraguay

[Page LXIX]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 27 (318) To the Minister in Uruguay
Instructions to make an examination and inventory of the box containing the so-called “Paraguayan Jewels,” now on deposit in a Montevideo bank, as it is desired to endeavor to ascertain what claimants are entitled to the articles therein.
667
Apr. 9 [290] To the Chargé in Paraguay
Transmittal of copy of the inventory of the box as received from the Legation at Montevideo. Authorization to point out to the Paraguayan Government the virtual impossibility of determining the owners of the articles, and to endeavor to induce that Government to accept the box and discharge the United States of all responsibility in connection therewith.
669
May 28 (1523) From the Chargé in Paraguay
Foreign Minister’s verbal consent to receive the box and relieve the U. S. Government of all responsibility in connection therewith.
670
Oct. 1 (304) To the Minister in Paraguay
Authorization, in view of Foreign Minister’s note of June 30 (excerpt printed) declining to receive the jewels on the conditions proposed, to offer to turn the box over to the Foreign Minister on the understanding that this action does not affect one way or another the question of the alleged liability of the United States because of loss of specie and other articles from the box while it was in the custody of an officer of the United States.
671
Nov. 24 (21) From the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Paraguayan Government’s acceptance of the jewels to be delivered at Asunción. Inquiry as to how the Legation shall proceed.
673
Nov. 30 (13) To the Minister in Paraguay (tel.)
Instructions for procedure to be followed in turning over the jewels to the Paraguayan Government.
674
1926 Mar. 22 (58) From the Minister in Paraguay
Information that the jewels have been delivered to the Paraguayan Government.
674

PERSIA

Change of Dynasty in Persia and Recognition by the United States of the Government of Reza Shah Pahlavi

[Page LXX]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Oct. 30 (75) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Information that demonstrations against the Kajar dynasty have become more widespread and frequent.
676
Oct. 31 (76) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Probability that the Prime Minister, Reza Khan Pahlavi, will be proclaimed Shah, or else that a Constituent Assembly will be called.
676
Oct. 31 (77) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Law passed by the Persian Mejliss (text printed) abolishing the Kajar sovereignty and entrusting the provisional government to Reza Khan Pahlavi, pending decision of the Constituent Assembly concerning form of the permanent government.
677
Nov. 2 (79) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Decision of diplomatic representatives at Teheran to send to the Foreign Minister brief individual acknowledgments of his communication which gave notification of the action of the Mejliss. Expectation that the Constituent Assembly will be convoked in a few weeks.
677
Nov. 3 (53) To the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Department’s sanction of plans for acknowledgment of the Foreign Office communication; authorization for the Chargé to carry on, at his discretion, the business of the Legation with the Provisional Government.
678
Nov. 3 (80) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Information regarding British provisional recognition of the Reza Khan regime. Suggestion that a good impression would be made by an immediate U. S. expression of friendliness.
678
Nov. 4 (55) To the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
U. S. opinion that confirmation of the Provisional Government by the Constituent Assembly might fittingly precede formal recognition by the United States.
679
Nov. 5 (81) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s statement that Reza Khan counts on receiving from the United States a communication in writing which will use the words “provisional recognition.”
679
Nov. 5 (56) To the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Authorization to deliver a communication to the Persian Government stating that United States accords recognition to the provisional regime on the understanding that all international agreements between the United States and Persia will be scrupulously observed by the new regime.
680
Nov. 8 (82) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Delivery of communication to the Foreign Minister in the sense of Department’s instruction No. 56.
681
Dec. 21 To the Persian Chargé
Information that the United States, having noted the Constituent Assembly’s action in investing the Constitutional Monarchy in His Imperial Majesty Reza Shah Pahlavi, extends recognition to the Government of Persia. Message cabled by the President of the United States to Reza Shah Pahlavi, December 16 (text printed).
681

Cooperation of the United States With Great Britain in Efforts To Restrict the Export of Opium From Ports in the Persian Gulf

[Page LXXI]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 9 (17) From the British Ambassador
Inquiry whether the United States would now be prepared to approach the Persian Government with respect to the latter’s exercising a more effective control of illicit traffic in opium from ports in the Persian Gulf. Transmittal of notice of British opium traffic regulations, 1924 (text printed).
682
Jan. 19 (2) To the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Instructions to cable what action, if any, has been taken other than as reported in despatches of September 23 and October 8, 1924, and to report if there is any objection to representations in regard to the opium traffic question as mentioned in the British note of January 9.
684
Jan. 21 (5) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Information that no representations on opium question have been made since those reported in 1924; further observations in connection with the British note.
684
Feb. 7 (4) To the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Instructions to address a further communication to the Persian Government embodying the substance of second and third paragraphs of Department’s note of August 21, 1924, to the British Embassy; also stating U. S. pleasure over action already taken by Persia toward suppressing illicit traffic from ports of the Persian Gulf and hope that this action will be pressed to a successful conclusion.
685
Feb. 9 (9) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Request for an exact definition of the term “illicit” when applied to the opium traffic from the ports of the Persian Gulf.
686
Feb. 12 (7) To the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Authorization to substitute “with respect to” for “toward suppressing illicit” in note to Persian Government.
686
Feb. 14 (11) From the Chargé in Persia (tel.)
Information that note on opium is being delivered to the Persian Government.
686
Mar. 2 To the British Ambassador
Acknowledgment of British note No. 17 of January 9, and information that the U. S. Chargé at Teheran has been instructed to make representations to the Persian Government.
687
July 31 (409) To the Chargé in Persia
Instructions to address a further communication to the Persian Government expressing the hope that Persia will supply information as to steps taken or to be taken to control the export of opium likely to get into contraband channels.
687
Oct. 9 (1225) From the Chargé in Persia
Chargé’s note to the Foreign Minister, September 7 (text printed), in the sense of the Department’s instruction No. 409.
689

POLAND

Agreement Between the United States and Poland According Mutual Unconditional Most-Favored-Nation Treatment in Customs Matters, Signed February 10, 1925

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 10 To the Polish Minister
Understanding of agreement reached for mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters.
692
Feb. 10 From the Polish Minister
Understanding of agreement reached for mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters.
694
[Page LXXII]

RUSSIA

Refusal by the Department of State To Intervene on Behalf of the Sinclair Exploration Company Against Cancelation of Oil Concession in Northern Sakhalin

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 27 (18) From the Minister in Latvia (tel.)
Report of application by the Supreme Soviet People’s Economy to the Moscow Province Court for cancelation of the Sinclair Co.’s oil concession in Northern Sakhalin on the ground that the company failed to carry out certain of the stipulations.
(Footnote: Report, April 11, that the Court annulled the contract on March 24.)
697
Mar. 12 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Résumé of background in connection with the Sinclair contract; opinion that the United States cannot support a contract between American nationals and a government which it has not recognized.
697
June 3 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Account of interview with Mr. Robert Lansing, counselor for the Sinclair Co., at which it was concluded that if there should be a change of government in Russia, and the new government should conclude that an injustice had been done, the United States might lay the facts before the Japanese Government, which had declined to permit Sinclair employees to enter Sakhalin for exploration, with a request for equal opportunity regarding concessionary rights.
699
July 1 From the Solicitor for the Department of State
Understanding conveyed to Mr. Woolsey, law partner of Mr. Lansing, that it was not the Department’s intention to send an instruction to Tokyo in connection with the Sinclair contract unless some government in Russia should be recognized by the United States.
701

Reservations by the United States Respecting the Disposal Made by Great Britain and France of Russian Gold Received From Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Sept. 17 (833) From the British Ambassador
Notification from the British Government, in concert with the French Government, regarding the disposal of certain Russian gold transferred by Germany to the Allied and Associated Governments under article 15 of the Armistice and article 259 (6) of the Treaty of Versailles.
701
1925 Mar. 3 To the British Ambassador
Information that since the action reported in the British note of September 17 appears to be at variance with the views of the United States, the U. S. Government must fully reserve its position with respect to the action taken and its rights in the premises.
702
[Page LXXIII]

Authorization of Visas for Russian nationals To Visit the United States Temporarily for Business

Date and number Subject Page
1925 May 19 To the Consul General at Paris (tel.)
Authorization, in view of request from a New York law firm representing Soviet business interests, to issue visas to such aliens as, under general instructions regarding such matters, may properly receive them.
703

SAN MARINO

Proposal of San Marino To Establish a Legation in the United States

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Feb. 2 (984/A/XLI) From the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of San Marino
Information that Commander Ignazio Pollak has been appointed for the current year 1924 as Envoy Extraordinary to the states of North America and that he will deliver greetings from San Marino to the United States.
704
Mar. 8 To the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of San Marino
Appreciation of the friendly motive prompting the appointment of Commander Pollak.
(Footnote: Information that Commander Pollak was received by the Secretary on April 17.)
704
Nov. 19 (127/A/XCII) From the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of San Marino
Inquiry if it would be agreeable to the Government of the United States for the Government of San Marino to establish a Legation at Washington.
705
1925 Jan. 16 To the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of San Marino
Information that if the Government of San Marino should decide to accredit a diplomatic representative to the United States, the President will be happy to receive him.
(Footnote: No indication in the Department files of further action regarding the establishment of a Legation.)
705

SPAIN

Continuation of the Commercial “Modus Vivendi” Between the United States and Spain

[Page LXXIV]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Apr. 7 (545) From the Ambassador in Spain
Report of a discussion with the Acting Foreign Minister regarding the points raised in the Department’s note of December 5, 1924, proposing a temporary commercial agreement based on unconditional most-favored-nation treatment.
707
Apr. 17 (13) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Proposal from the Acting President of the Military Directorate (text printed), indicating Spanish Government’s willingness to continue the present commercial arrangement for another year if the United States should be favorably inclined to reexamine the situation with respect to the importation of Almeria grapes. Request for instructions as to what answer to make.
708
Apr. 21 (11) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that the Department is considering the suggestion to reexamine the situation respecting the importation of Almeria grapes and desires meanwhile that the Ambassador endeavor to obtain information on certain points in connection with the commercial arrangement.
709
Apr. 29 (17) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Opinion of the Acting Foreign Minister that he could induce the Treaty Board to agree to an indefinite extension of the present commercial arrangement, subject to termination upon 3 months’ notice by either party. Request for instructions as to whether such procedure would be satisfactory.
710
Apr. 30 (18) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) conveying Spanish Government’s attitude in regard to the points raised in Department’s telegram No. 11, April 21.
710
May 1 (14) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that an exchange of notes on the basis of continuation of the arrangement indefinitely after 1 year, subject to termination on 3 months’ notice, will be satisfactory.
711
May 2 (568) From the Ambassador in Spain
Exchange of notes, May 2 (texts printed), concluding the agreement. Ambassador’s good offices with a view to obtaining a reexamination of the grape question, in conformity with Spanish Government’s request.
712

Protests by Spain Against American Embargo on Spanish Oranges

[Page LXXV]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Dec. 9 (76) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Inquiry whether the Department of Agriculture has placed an embargo on Spanish oranges. Assertion that an immediate answer is vital to every American business interest in Spain.
714
Dec. 12 (75) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that permits have been discontinued for importation of Spanish oranges, as they have been found to be heavily infested with the Mediterranean fruit fly.
714
Dec. 12 From the Spanish Ambassador
Expression of Spanish Government’s surprise and regret to learn that the United States has included Spanish oranges in the prohibition already declared against Almeria grapes.
715
Dec. 13 (78) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Personal letter of protest from Gen. Primo de Rivera, received December 9 (text printed), which prompted Ambassador’s telegram No. 76, of December 9.
716
Dec. 19 (78) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that an appeal to the people of the United States against the embargo on Almerian grapes and Spanish oranges appeared in the New York Times of December 18 under the name of Primo de Rivera. Instructions to advise the Department if Rivera actually made the statement, and if so, to report the circumstances under which it was issued.
717
Undated An Article Reprinted From the “New York Times” of December 18, 1925
By Primo de Rivera, appealing to the people of the United States against the embargo on Almerian grapes and Spanish oranges.
718
Dec. 20 (85) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that Primo de Rivera’s statement was made after he sent his letter of protest to the Ambassador and after the latter’s explanation that no personal offense was intended.
720
1926 Feb. 10 To the Spanish Ambassador
Letter from the Secretary of Agriculture, January 29 (text printed), explaining the action of the Federal Horticultural Board in refusing to issue further permits for the entry of Spanish oranges into the United States; provision, however, for the transit of Valencia oranges through the United States to Canada. Attention called to the fact that the embargo is general in scope and not directed specifically against Spanish oranges.
722
Feb. 11 (63–18) From the Spanish Ambassador
Appreciation for the facility extended by the Horticultural Board for the transit to Canada, through the United States, of oranges from Valencia, but regret that it was made known to the Spanish Government too late to be availed of this year.
724

SWEDEN

Complaint by Sweden Against Activities of American Customs Representatives in That Country

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 28 From the Swedish Chargé
Protest against decisions by the U. S. Secretary of the Treasury prohibiting importation of merchandise of certain Swedish firms on the ground that these firms had failed to submit certain records for inspection in accordance with section 510 of the Tariff Act of 1922.
725
Apr. 15 To the Swedish Chargé
Information that one of the firms in question has agreed to permit an inspection of its books and records in accordance with the 1922 Tariff Act, and that consequently the prohibiting order against this firm has been revoked under date of April 1.
727
May 4 From the Swedish Minister
Swedish Government’s maintenance of its position, insofar as the principle involved is concerned, as expressed in the Legation’s note of March 28.
727
[Page LXXVI]

Discontinuance of the Representation of American Interests in Turkey by Swedish Diplomatic Officers

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Jan. 12 (5) From the High Commissioner in Turkey
Information from the Swedish Minister that Sweden desires to discontinue the official representation of the United States in Turkey, and his desire for assurance of a favorable reply. Recommendation that notes be exchanged with him as indicated.
728
June 24 (134) To the Chargé in Sweden
Instructions to address a note to the Foreign Minister (text printed) requesting discontinuance of Swedish representation of American interests in Turkey, and expressing U. S. appreciation for the friendly courtesy of the Government of Sweden.
728
July 20 (528) From the Chargé in Sweden
Receipt of note from the Foreign Office to the effect that the Swedish Minister at Constantinople has been instructed to discontinue representation of American interests in Turkey.
729
July 16 Procès-Verbal
For the transfer of American Embassy and consular property in Turkey from the Swedish Legation to the American High Commission.
729

SWITZERLAND

Complaint by Switzerland Against Activities of American Customs Representatives in That Country

Date and number Subject Page
1924 Oct. 29 (112) From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Report of complaints received by Federal Councilor Schulthess as to activities of U. S. Treasury representatives in Switzerland in the course of their investigations as to production costs, loan contracts, etc.
731
Nov. 28 (120) From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.)
Request for telegraphic expression of Department’s views for guidance in replying to Schulthess in connection with a specified complaint.
731
Dec. 10 (99) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Hope that general instructions outlining a procedure governing customs representatives’ activities in foreign countries can be issued shortly.
732
1925 Feb. 17 (15) From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Minister’s request to George R. Coxe, assistant customs representative at Zürich, that he refrain from using the title of “assistant customs attaché,” pending accomplishment of the customary formalities under instructions from the Department.
732
Feb. 19 (7) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Information that an act approved January 13 provides for customs attachés, and that they shall be “regularly and officially attached to diplomatic missions.” Approval of Minister’s action in requesting Coxe to withhold use of the new title temporarily.
733
[Page LXXVII]

TURKEY

Disclaimer by the Secretary of State of American Interest in Turkish Gold Deposits Surrendered by Germany to the Reparation Commission

Date and number Subject Page
1925 Feb. 5 From the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Senate Resolution No. 319, introduced January 26 (text printed), by which the President would be requested to represent to the Allied Powers that the United States has an interest in a deposit of so-called Turkish gold and has a right to be consulted regarding its disposition.
734
Feb. 21 To the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Department’s conclusion, after consideration of the question in 1923, that the United States had no proprietary interest in or claim to the sums in question which it could properly assert.
735

YUGOSLAVIA

Objection by the Department of State to Further Loans by American Bankers to Yugoslavia Pending Settlement of Yugoslav Debts to the United States Government

[Page LXXVIII]
Date and number Subject Page
1925 Mar. 18 From Blair & Company, Incorporated
Inquiry if the Department has any objection to the notation in the United States of an issue of $3,000,000 of notes of the Yugoslav Government, to be dated as of March 31.
738
Mar. 20 To Blair & Company, Incorporated
Information that the Department offers no objection to the flotation of the bond issue in the American market.
738
Sept. 12 From Blair & Company, Incorporated
Inquiry if the Department has any objection to the flotation in the United States of an issue of $3,000,000 of notes of the Yugoslav Government, to be dated as of September 30.
739
Sept. 17 From Blair & Company, Incorporated
Supplementary information regarding the proposed issue to be dated as of September 30, and request for prompt advice as to the Department’s attitude in regard to this issue.
739
Sept. 18 To Blair & Company, Incorporated
Statement, in reply to the company’s note of September 12, that the U. S. Government does not view with favor Yugoslav financing at the present time.
740
Sept. 23 To Blair & Company, Incorporated
Department’s decision, in view of information that the company is committed to the Yugoslav Government in respect of the financing in question, not to interpose objection to the purchase and sale of the $3,000,000 notes in question; maintenance of position, however, that objection will be offered to any further renewal or extension of credit until satisfactory refunding of the Yugoslav debt to the United States has been made.
740
Sept. 25 (2815) From the Minister in the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Report of discussion with Blair & Co.’s representative in Yugoslavia; telegrams from the company to its representative, September 21 and 22 (texts printed), regarding the State Department’s attitude in connection with the proposed issue of notes.
741
Oct. 9 From Blair & Company, Incorporated
Explanation of certain points with respect to the contemplated financing; information that the company has written to the Yugoslav Government regarding the advisability of that Government’s making an early effort to reach an understanding with the World War Foreign Debt Commission as to the refunding of its debt to the United States.
743
Oct. 17 To Blair & Company, Incorporated
Assertion that the Department’s position remains as stated in its letter of September 23.
746