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List of Papers

GERMANY

The German Armistice

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 11 Terms of the Armistice With Germany
With two annexes (1) regulating the evacuation of the invaded countries, and (2) establishing conditions regarding communications.
1
Dec. 13 Convention Prolonging the Armistice With Germany
Extension of the duration of the convention signed November 11, 1918, for one month, i. e., until January 17, 1919.
11
1919 Jan. 16 Convention Prolonging the Armistice With Germany
Extension of the armistice agreement until February 17, 1919; additional clauses providing for changes in the Spa protocol of December 17, 1918, and additions to the armistice agreement of November 11, 1918.
11
Feb. 16 Convention Prolonging the Armistice With Germany
Agreement providing that the Germans shall cease hostilities against the Poles at once and that the armistice with Germany shall be prolonged for a short period, the Allied and Associated Powers reserving to themselves the right to terminate the period at three days’ notice.
15
1918 Nov. 12 Manifesto of the Government of the Bavarian Republic (tel.)
Appeal to President Wilson and Governments of France, England, and Italy that the new Bavarian people’s state not be crushed by harsh armistice terms.
16
Nov. 13 (105) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Suggestion that it might be wise to intimate to German authorities that their communications should be addressed to Allied Powers rather than to United States alone.
17
Nov. 15 (290) The Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)
Communication for the German Foreign Minister (text printed) acknowledging radio messages sent to the President and suggesting that in the future such messages be sent to the Allied and Associated Powers.
17
Nov. 16 (38) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
To be laid before the Supreme War Council: Messages from Dr. Solf (texts printed) appealing to the President for mitigation of the armistice conditions. Transmittal of reply which is printed supra.
18
Nov. 19 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Communication transmitted at the request of the German Government (text printed) containing an exchange of telegrams between the French and German Army High Commands (texts printed) in regard to violences committed by German soldiers which the German High Command states are unavoidable in view of the harshness of the armistice terms; German Government’s appeal to the President to intervene for easier terms.
20
[Page VI]Nov. 19 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Text of a communication from the Government of Bavaria addressing an appeal to the Allies and calling attention to the fears of the population of the Palatinate that they will be interned or deported to perform forced labor.
21
Nov. 19 (5285) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State
Letter from the Bavarian Minister of Finance to Dr. George D. Herron, November 18 (text printed), stressing the need for modification of the armistice terms and an early publication of the conditions of peace.
21
Nov. 20 (5872) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Two notes from the German Foreign Office (texts printed):
(1) asking for an extension of the period for evacuating the left Rhine district, and including a note to that effect which was presented to the Allied delegates on the Armistice Commission by the German delegate on November 17 (text printed);
(2) asking for an alleviation of the conditions regarding the transfer of locomotives and cars; note to this effect presented to the Allied delegates by the German delegate on November 16, and Marshal Foch’s reply that no change could be made (texts printed).
22
Nov. 20 (5330) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State
Memorandum calling attention of American and Allied Governments to certain violations of the armistice conditions by the German army of occupation in Lithuania (text printed).
(Footnote: Information that source of memorandum is not indicated.)
24
Nov. 20 The Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips) to the French Ambassador (Jusserand)
Information, in reply to the Ambassador’s inquiry, that the United States is not disposed in the circumstances to raise objection at present to the action of the Netherlands Government in permitting German troops to cross Dutch territory.
25
Nov. 21 The Italian Ambassador (Macchi di Cellere) to the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
Information that Italian Government has received communication from German Government asking where its representatives may meet Allied plenipotentiaries to discuss modification of armistice; request for opinion of U. S. Government.
26
Nov. 21 (134) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Telegram from Clemenceau to Foch (text printed) requesting that the German plenipotentiaries be informed that they will be notified of the conditions under which supplies will be furnished to Germany as soon as the U. S. Government representative, Mr. Hoover, arrives in Europe.
26
Nov. 22 The Swedish Legation to the Department of State
Information that German Government has made appeal through Swedish Government regarding modification of armistice conditions; regret of the Swedish Government that it does not have sufficient supplies to offer perceptible relief to German people.
27
[Page VII]Nov. 22 (6381) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Instructions to inform Foreign Office that U. S. Government has received through the Swiss Legation a request from the Bavarian Government to be allowed to determine damages in Belgium and Northern France.
(Footnote: The same, mutatis mutandis, on same date to Minister in Belgium.)
28
[Nov. 23] (3182) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Account of a conversation with two Germans not in sympathy with the revolution; opinion of the two Germans that the most potent counter measures against Spartacist influence would be: (a) a more definite statement by President Wilson that relief measures will be undertaken but will be extended only to orderly communities, and (b) a definite pronouncement by the President that no peace can be negotiated or signed with any government not representing the whole people.
28
Nov. 24 (3190) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Abrahamson, the British Red Cross delegate to Berlin, had an interview with Erzberger, who begged that the delivery of railway cars and locomotives be postponed until January, offering immediate delivery of 250 million in gold as a guarantee of good faith.
30
Nov. 26 (6014) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement by M. Pichon that until the terms of the armistice had been complied with the French Government could not consider the request of the Bavarian Government to be allowed to determine damages in Belgium and Northern France.
30
Nov. 26 (3204) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Description of interviews which Abrahamson had with Solf, Eckhardt, Schlesinger, and Erzberger; Erzberger’s opinion as to what steps would have to be taken in order to avoid anarchy in Germany; Abrahamson’s suggestion as to what Germany might do to dissipate the distrust on the part of the Allies. Indications that interviews were sought by the Germans.
31
Nov. 26 (3207) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that French Minister is indignant at activities of British Red Cross delegate, maintaining that all negotiations concerning armistice conditions should be carried on through Marshal Foch.
32
Nov. 26 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Protest of German Government, November 21, against extension of evacuation to Rhenish territory (text printed).
33
Nov. 26 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Information that German Government has noted U. S. Government’s request that communications be addressed to all the Allied and Associated Powers and suggests that a central diplomatic agency be designated to receive such communications.
33
[Page VIII]Nov. 26 The Secretary of State to the Italian Ambassador (Macchi di Cellere)
Statement, in reply to Ambassador’s letter of November 21, that U. S. Government has referred all letters concerning the armistice to the Supreme War Council at Versailles.
33
Nov. 26 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Urgent request from the German Government that experts in economics and railroad technicalities be delegated as soon as possible to the Armistice Commission at Spa (text printed).
34
Nov. 26 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Communication from the German Government to the American, English, French, and Italian Governments (text printed) setting forth the conditions which it considers necessary in order to avoid a Bolshevistic state in Germany and requesting that a place be set where German representatives may meet Allied representatives to discuss the question.
34
Nov. 27 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Communication from the German Government (text printed) requesting a modification of the measures which have been taken by the Allies whereby all communications between Alsace-Lorraine and other parts of Germany are interrupted.
36
Nov. 30 The British Embassy to the Department of State
Request for the views of the U. S. Government in regard to issuing a statement to allay the fears which the populations of Bavaria and the Palatinate have of being interned or deported for compulsory labor.
37
Dec. 1 (1336) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Secretary of State
Inquiry as to U. S. views concerning the custody of Russian and Roumanian gold which Germany is bound to turn over to the Allies.
(Footnote: Notation on document as to the Secretary’s opinion that France should hold gold in trust for creditor nations until disposed of by the Peace Conference.)
38
Dec. 3 (6020) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of Stale (tel.)
Communication received from Swiss Political Department on behalf of German Legation (text printed) explaining the situation of Mackensen’s army in Hungary and stating that Germany expects to be allowed to present its standpoint again in a conference with the Armistice Commission.
38
Dec. 3 (5361) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State
Note from the German Minister in Switzerland to the President of the Swiss Federal Council, November 21 (text printed), requesting that there be transmitted to the British, French, and U. S. Governments the statement which the German military representative transmitted to the Armistice Delegation at Spa, November 18 (text printed), setting forth the alleviations in armistice conditions necessary to prevent anarchy in Germany.
39
Dec. 4 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Acting Secretary of State
German Government’s protest to the U. S. Government against the harshness of the terms of the armistice (text printed).
43
[Page IX]Dec. 6 (3462) The Acting Secretary of State to the Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) (tel.)
Statement that telegram No. 6020, of December 3, cannot be considered unless it is communicated simultaneously to Associated Governments.
44
Dec. 6 (295) The Acting Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)
Request that Swiss Government be informed that United States would prefer not to receive from German Government any communications which concern all of the Associated Governments unless they are sent also to the other governments concerned.
45
Dec. 7 The Acting Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)
Statement that the Supreme War Council at Versailles is a central agency which can receive and consider the wishes of the German Government.
45
Dec. 11 (13) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Copy of a note from the Swiss Political Department to the American Legation in Switzerland, December 7 (text printed), enclosing four documents and requesting that they be transmitted to U. S. Government (texts printed): (1) request from German Government for additional facilities for repatriating Russian and Roumanian prisoners of war, (2) German Government’s suggestion, November 28, that questions concerning resumption of telegraphic communication be considered, (3) suggestion, November 22, of Austro-German Government for revictualing Austro-German provinces, (4) German Government’s request that Mr. Hoover be empowered to organize the import of foodstuffs into Germany.
46
Dec. 11 The Acting Secretary of State to the British Chargé (Barclay)
Information that the question of issuing a statement to reassure the population of Bavaria and the Palatinate has been referred to the representatives of the Associated Governments at Paris.
48
Dec. 11 (11) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Protest by the Secretary of State in the German Foreign Office (text printed) against the decision of Marshal Foch whereby all traffic is stopped between the evacuated territories and the other parts of Germany.
49
Dec. 12 The Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Rathbone) to the Acting Secretary of State
Letter from the Deputy French High Commissioner, December 11 (text printed), advising of the receipt by the Bank of France of 91,000 kilograms of gold representing gold payments made by Russia to Germany under terms of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty.
50
Dec. 13 (25) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the President from McCormick: Report of a movement to abolish all censorship in the United States; belief that such action would have unfortunate effect; request for President’s views.
51
[Page X]Undated [Rec’d Dec. 19] The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Polk from Auchincloss: The President’s agreement with views of McCormick that censorship should be maintained insofar as it is part of the blockade.
52
1919 Jan. 1 (59) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Opinion that blockade in the Baltic should be either entirely abandoned or strictly enforced.
53
Jan. 4 (5578) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Acting Secretary of State
Note from the German Minister in Switzerland, December 24, 1918, transmitted through the Swiss Political Department (text printed), requesting that the U. S. Government be informed that all notes addressed to it by the German Government have also been addressed to all Allied Governments since the date when the United States requested that such action be taken.
53
Jan. 5 (69) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Note from the German Legation, December 28, 1918, transmitted through the Swiss Political Department, asking for Swiss intervention to the end that German troops and civilians be returned from Turkey through the Mediterranean rather than by way of the Ukraine (text printed).
54
Jan. 6 (5617) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement issued by Foreign Office, January 5, to the effect that under certain conditions the British Government may transport troops and stocks via the Scheldt River (text printed).
56
Jan. 7 (80) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Definite evidence that the British Navy is making no attempt to enforce the Baltic blockade.
56
Jan. 7 The Liaison Officer for General Pershing (Hayes) to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
For General Churchill and Mr. Grew: General Pershing’s opinion that it is now virtually impossible for Germany to resume hostilities and that it is unnecessary to retain so large an Allied force as the 120 or 140 divisions recommended by Marshal Foch.
57
Jan. 7 The Liaison Officer for General Pershing (Hayes) to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
For General Churchill and Mr. Grew: Total number of American Expeditionary Forces in various areas on December 31, 1918.
58
Jan. 8 (181) The Minister in Belgium (Whitlock) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Rejection by Belgian Government of Bavarian Government’s request to be allowed to establish the amount of damage done by German troops in Belgium.
58
[Page XI]Jan. 8 (27) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Acting Secretary of State
Opinion of the British commander in chief in the Mediterranean that it is necessary to evacuate the German troops from Turkey through the Mediterranean because of the growing difficulties in the Ukraine.
58
Jan. 10 (89) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Fear that British bunkers are being used to break the Baltic blockade; doubt that blockade is necessary but belief that present administration is detrimental to American interests.
59
Jan. 10 (84) The Chargé in Switzerland (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Note from the German Government, transmitted through the Swiss Political Department, asking for authority to send vessels from Hamburg to repatriate German troops on the Black Sea (text printed).
60
Jan. 11 (87) The Chargé in Switzerland (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Memorandum from the German Government, transmitted through the Swiss Political Department, protesting against measures taken by the French authorities in Alsace-Lorraine (text printed).
61
Jan. 13 (79) The Chargé in Switzerland (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Memorandum from the German Government, transmitted by the Swiss Political Department, in regard to the evacuation of territories of the former Russian Empire by German troops (text printed).
64
Jan. 15 (44) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Acting Secretary of State
Proposal by British High Commissioner at Constantinople that German troops be transported home in four German vessels now at Constantinople; British Government’s concurrence in proposal.
66
Jan. 23 (67) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Acting Secretary of State
Letter from Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyss to the British Admiralty, attaching a report of the Allied Naval Mission appointed to ensure the execution of article 28 of the armistice (texts printed).
66

German Peace Proposals

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 26 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Information that German Government would be grateful for an early reply to its communication regarding negotiations for a preliminary peace.
(For German note, see abstract of telegram No. 29, December 14, page xii. )
71
Dec. 2 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Proposal by the German Government that a neutral commission be organized to probe the responsibilities for the war (text printed).
71
[Page XII]Dec. 11 (6132) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Request from Swiss Political Department that, if possible, U. S. Government put it in a position to reply to repeated questions of German Minister in regard to date and place of the peace negotiations.
72
Dec. 14 (29) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Note from Swiss Legation transmitting communication from German Government expressing anxiety for peace negotiations to begin immediately (texts printed); statement that Department is replying to Swiss Legation that matter has been referred to Commission to Negotiate Peace.
72
1919 Jan. 6 (119) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Note from British Chargé (text printed) stating that German Government has proposed to British and French Governments that a neutral commission be appointed to probe the responsibilities for the war; setting forth British and French opinion that no reply is necessary since Germany’s responsibility is already established; and inquiring as to attitude of U. S. Government. Inclination of Department to adopt course followed by British and French Governments.
73
Jan. 8 (71) The Chargé in Switzerland (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Information that Swiss Political Department has requested an answer to its note concerning the desire of the German Government to be informed as to the date on which peace negotiations will commence.
73
Jan. 10 (229) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Agreement with suggestion that Department follow lines adopted by British and French Governments in regard to German proposal of a commission to fix war responsibility.
74
Feb. 1 The Acting Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)
Statement that U. S. Government considers that German proposal does not require an answer since Germany’s responsibility for the war has already been established.
74
Feb. 1 The Acting Secretary of State to the British Chargé (Barclay)
Information that U. S. Government has taken action similar to that of British and French Governments in regard to German proposal.
74

Status of the Former German Emperor

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 29 (2183) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Secretary of State
Telegram from the Foreign Minister to the Minister in the United States, November 21 (text printed), giving a résumé of the Premier’s statement regarding the ex-Kaiser’s status in Holland as a private person.
76
[Page XIII]Nov. 30 (5322) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Text of abdication document signed by Emperor Wilhelm at Amerongen, November 28.
77
Dec. 6 The Counselor for the Department of State (Polk) to the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
President Wilson’s unwillingness to commit himself as yet in the matter of ex-Kaiser’s punishment.
78
Dec. 7 (5420) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Text of document by which ex-Crown Prince gives up rights to crown, signed at Wieringen, December 1.
78
Dec. 10 (5446) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement by Foreign Minister that Dutch Government has not been informed by German Government that it would not oppose demand for appearance of ex-Kaiser and ex-Crown Prince before international court; indication, however, that Dutch Government would welcome such a solution.
78
Dec. 12 (5463) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of German efforts to convince Allies of ex-Kaiser’s harmlessness.
79
Dec. 12 (5464) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Memorandum signed by German Minister in the Netherlands attesting to the ex-Kaiser’s lack of political relations with Germany (text printed).
80
Dec. 31 (2318) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State
Report on situation in the Netherlands; Queen’s interest in possible visit by President Wilson; evidences of growing irritation at presence of ex-Kaiser.
80
1919 Jan. 8 (80) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement made by Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Justice on the subject of the Government’s attitude toward the ex-Kaiser (text printed)
84
Jan. 10 (5640) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report on the attempt of Colonel Luke Lea and his party to see the ex-Emperor; suggestion that affair be called to the attention of War Department and commander in chief of A. E. F.
85
[Page XIV]

Political and Economic Conditions in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 11 Mr. William C. Bullitt, of the Division of Western European Affairs, to the Secretary of State
Résumé of reports which have reached Department in regard to political conditions in Germany: dominance of Social Democrats made up of (1) Independent Socialists (radicals) and (2) Majority Socialists, who favor democratic election of constituent assembly. Suggestion that Majority Socialists would be strengthened by a statement from President Wilson that a German Republic would be welcomed and would be assisted with food supplies.
88
Nov. 19 (5270) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State
Description of the socialist revolution in Germany with names of officials now in power; aim of present government to call a constituent assembly.
89
Nov. 20 (1301) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Secretary of State
Request from German Foreign Minister, Solf, that, in view of threat to present government by radical element, the Entente Powers let it be known that Bolshevism will not be tolerated.
Request for observations of U. S. Government.
94
Nov. 21 (5873) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Zurich, November 19: Statements by reliable informant that present German Government is controlled by three Majority Socialists, who stand for order, and three Independent Socialists, who have Bolshevik tendencies; that only food can save Germany from Bolshevism; and that President Wilson should make it clear that unless order is maintained, the United States will not help with food.
95
Nov. 21 (3168) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Opinion that only continued reiteration that an undemocratic Germany cannot expect food from the western democracies will counteract Bolshevik influence.
96
Nov. 22 (5897) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Zurich, November 21: Communication from reliable source in Berlin (text printed) describing rise of Spartacus group, left wing of Independent Socialists, and advising ultimatum from Entente Powers.
97
Nov. 24 (3187) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that a group of Germans, upon their return to Berlin, intend to propose an appeal to the Associated Governments that a commission be sent to Germany to investigate conditions.
98
Nov. 25 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Report by Mr. William C. Bullitt (text printed) showing trend toward Bolshevism in Germany and suggesting steps that should be taken to support moderate democratic socialists (Ebert government).
98
Nov. 25 Mr. William C. Bullitt, of the Division of Western European Affairs, to the Secretary of State
Fear that Bolshevism in North Germany is inevitable unless action is taken at once.
101
[Page XV]Nov. 25 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Suggestion that Mr. Hoover might proceed to Berlin in order to study and report on situation there.
101
Nov. 25 (64) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
Request that Allied Powers be asked if they would join the President in notifying the Germans that there could be no peace negotiations with them until a constituent assembly had been elected and a definite form of government set up.
102
Nov. 26 The Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips) to the Secretary of State
Opinion of Mr. Rickard that Dr. Taylor and Mr. Kellogg should go to Berlin instead of Mr. Hoover, since they could do so with less publicity.
102
Nov. 26 (3205) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report by a newspaper correspondent in Berlin (text printed) that Scheidemann had said that opposition to constituent assembly would cease if President Wilson should state that only through it could peace be made.
103
Nov. 26 (77) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
Request that Mr. Hoover be consulted concerning suggestion that Dr. Taylor and Mr. Kellogg proceed to Berlin.
103
Nov. 27 The Secretary of State to the British Chargé (Barclay)
Statement that, since the President and Secretary of State will soon be in Paris, it seems best to determine there what measures should be taken in regard to the Bolshevik menace in Germany.
104
Nov. 28 (196) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that in hurried conversation Hoover did not seem to think it wise to send men to Berlin at present.
104
Nov. 28 (197) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Memorandum written by Mr. Hoover (text printed) stating that the British have objected to any action on food situation in Germany without their participation and expressing opinion that for amity’s sake the British Foreign Office might simply be informed that inquiry agents, Dr. Taylor and Mr. Kellogg, are being sent to Germany.
104
Nov. 30 (5324) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report on the political situation in Germany, with a list of the political parties and their leaders.
105
Nov. 30 (206) Colonel E. M. House to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Note from the French Foreign Minister (text printed) stating objections to sending joint notification to the Germans as proposed in telegram No. 64, November 25.
106
[Page XVI]Dec. 1 The French Ambassador (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Additional reason why French Foreign Minister thinks it unwise to notify Germans that no peace negotiations can take place until a constituent assembly is established in Germany.
107
Dec. 2 (109) The Secretary of State to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Communication from the German Government, transmitted through the Swiss Legation, proposing that the U. S. and Allied Governments send a delegation to Berlin to establish facts in the food situation (text printed).
107
Dec. 3 (6026) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report on political conditions in Germany by Dr. Wilhelm Muehlon, former director of Krupps, now living in Switzerland.
108
Dec. 5 (5404) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that German extremists are rapidly accumulating arms and ammunition; fear that serious conflicts may take place.
110
Dec. 7 (3270) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Indications in German press that some progress has been made in past week toward consolidation of political situation.
110
Dec. 8 (5421) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that fixing of February 16 as date for general elections seems to have strengthened position of the temporary central government at Berlin; other political developments in Germany.
111
Dec. 10 (1950) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State
Memorandum by a clerk in the American Legation (text printed) of a conversation with the Deputy Minister of Justice in Prussia, in which the Deputy Minister, a leader of the Independent Socialist Party, explained the origin of the revolutionary movement in Germany.
113
Dec. 16 (3309) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of improved political situation in Germany.
121
Dec. 21 (5549) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement that the dominance of the Majority Socialist Party seems to be due to support of troops returned from the front.
122
Dec. 21 (3338) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Suggestion that recommendation be made to Allied authorities that prisoners of war be removed from Germany and Denmark as quickly as possible because of Bolshevik influence in those countries.
123
[Page XVII]Dec. 29 (5589) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary
Information that disorders in Berlin in past week seem to make political changes inevitable; discussion of possibilities.
123
1919 Jan. 6 (76) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State
Memorandum on the prospects of order and ordered government in Berlin prepared in the Political Intelligence Department of the British Foreign Office, December 21, 1918 (text printed).
125
Jan. 6 (6859) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
Instructions to obtain views of Foreign Office regarding statement in telegram from U. S. Minister in Switzerland (text printed) that Bavarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has expressed desire to hold elections in Palatinate for National Assembly on January 12
(Similar telegram on same date to Great Britain.)
129
Jan. 11 (6717) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Marshal Foch will permit elections in that part of Palatinate occupied by France on certain conditions.
129

The Dresel Mission

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 31 Telegram Sent by the Chief of the Special Mission in Germany (Dresel)
Report on political conditions in Bavaria.
(Footnote: Document bears a notation: “Telegram sent from Berlin Jan. 1st.”)
130
1919 Jan. 10 The Chief of the Special Mission in Germany (Dresel) to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Detailed report of trip to Germany December 27, 1918–January 5, 1919; memorandum of interviews with various German leaders and memorandum furnished by Bavarian Minister of Transportation concerning effect of armistice conditions on German railway system (texts printed).
132

AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY

Negotiations With, and Conditions in, Austria and Hungary

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 3 Terms of the Armistice With Austria-Hungary
With supplement giving details and executive clauses of certain points of the armistice.
175
Nov. 13 Military Convention Between the Allies and Hungary, Signed at Belgrade
Regulating conditions under which the armistice between the Allies and Austria-Hungary is to be applied in Hungary.
183
[Page XVIII]Nov. 12 (5512) The Swedish Minister (Ekengren) to the Secretary of State
Cablegram from Swedish Foreign Office (text printed) conveying request of Austro-Hungarian Government that U. S. Government be informed concerning protest made to German Government against entrance of German troops into Austro-Hungarian territory.
185
Nov. 14 (2346) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of renewed discussion of possible territorial expansion of Switzerland.
185
Nov. 15 (2356) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Belief of Swiss Minister in Italy that his Government would be willing to take in Vorarlberg, if the population desired it, but would not go beyond this.
186
Nov. 16 (2366) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Receipt of memorandum from Swiss Minister in Italy expressing in writing his attitude as explained in telegram No. 2356, November 15.
186
Nov. 16 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Communication from Government of German Austria begging U. S. Government to obtain consent of Entente Governments for certain German missions to continue in German Austria.
187
Nov. 16 (40) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
Two communications received through the Swedish Minister (texts printed): (1) from the representatives of neutral powers in Vienna to the Associated Governments advising the occupation of Vienna by Allied forces in order to prevent revolution, (2) from the Austrian Government requesting that Austrian and Hungarian ships be allowed to sail and to bring in food. Two communications received through the Swiss Minister (texts printed): (1) request of commander of forces in the Tyrol that Entente Powers occupy and revictual the Tyrol at once, (2) suggestions of Austro-Hungarian Foreign Office for revictualling Austria-Hungary.
188
Nov. 16 (5582) The Swedish Minister (Ekengren) to the Secretary of State
Message addressed to the President by the Austrian Government asking for his support of the resolution of the Provisional National Assembly that German Austria, as a democratic republic, should be part of the great German republic (text printed).
189
Nov. 18 (46) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
Note transmitted by the Swiss Minister setting forth the recommendation of the representatives of neutral countries at Vienna that the Entente occupy Vienna in order to prevent revolution (text printed).
190
Nov. 18 (1060) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State
Memorandum from Swiss Minister in Italy, November 15 (text printed), stating Minister’s attitude toward territorial expansion of Switzerland.
191
[Page XIX]Nov. 19 (5844) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Message addressed by a Viennese organization to President Wilson entreating him to use his influence to the end that no nation should lose its right of self-determination for reasons of retaliation (text printed).
192
Nov. 19 (5849) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Message addressed by the Hungarian Foreign Minister to President Wilson appealing to him, and through him to the world, to come to the aid of the young Hungarian democracy (text printed).
193
Nov. 26 (5861) The Swedish Minister (Ekengren) to the Secretary of State
Appeal by the President of the National Council of the Ukrainian State of Halycz to President Wilson asking his intervention to prevent the occupation of all of Galicia by Poland and all of Bukowina by Roumania (text printed).
195
Nov. 29 (292) The Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)
Regret that Minister’s note dated November 16 was not received until after November 17, the date set for the evacuation of German troops from Austria.
196
Nov. 30 President Wilson to the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
Instructions to acknowledge receipt of note No. 5582, dated November 16, from the Swedish Minister and to state that in the conferences at Paris the President will take under serious consideration the question of the formation of a Republic of German Austria.
196
Nov. 30 (5945) The Swedish Minister (Ekengren) to the Secretary of State
Note from the Foreign Office of German Austria, November 26 (text printed), drawing attention of neutral diplomats to encroachments of Czechoslovak troops and requesting that this note be forwarded to the President of the United States and the Entente Governments.
197
Dec. 4 The Italian Chargé (Miniscalchi-Erizzo) to the Acting Secretary of State
Proposal of a central commission at Vienna to control Austro-Hungarian demobilization; suggestion that United States participate in commission.
(Footnote: Transmitted to Colonel House in Department’s telegram No. 147, December 7, not printed.)
198
Dec. 7 (6000) The Swedish Legation to the Department of State
Protest of German Austria against Jugoslav occupation of Klagenfurt, with request that area be neutralized and occupied by U. S. troops (text printed).
199
Dec. 7 The Acting Secretary of State to the Swedish Minister (Ekengren)
Request that Swedish Government suggest to Austrian Government that all communications in regard to terms of the armistice should be addressed to all the Associated Governments and not to the United States alone.
199
Dec. 9 (246) Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of Slate (tel.)
Reasons why French Foreign Office believes that it would be unwise to establish central commission at Vienna; inclination to agree with Foreign Office.
200
[Page XX]Dec. 10 (163) The Acting Secretary of State to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Communication from the Austro-German Government, transmitted by the Swedish Legation, suggesting the occupation of Klagenfurt and Villach by American or English troops as the only way to avoid conflict between Germans and Jugoslavs (text printed).
201
Dec. 11 (1377) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Acting Secretary of State
Request for expression of views of U. S. Government concerning request of Austrian Government that U. S. troops be quartered at Klagenfurt and Villach and that territory in question be neutralized; opinion that French and Italian Governments should be consulted before final decision is made.
201
Dec. 12 (3320) The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Letter from King’s Chamberlain (text printed) expressing King’s desire that there be brought to the attention of U. S. Government, with a view to consideration by the Peace Conference, a telegram imploring King’s protection for Protestant churches of Hungary (text printed).
202
Dec. 13 The Swedish Legation to the Department of Slate
Communication which the Austro-German Government desires to have transmitted to President Wilson (text printed) concerning a proposal that Austro-German Republic and Jugoslav and Czechoslovak states submit frontier disputes to arbitration.
202
Dec. 18 The Department of Slate to the Swedish Legation
Statement that U. S. Government prefers not to receive further communications such as that transmitted in Legation’s memorandum of December 13, unless it is clear that they are being sent to all governments concerned.
203
Dec. 18 The Acting Secretary of State to the Italian Chargé (Miniscalchi-Erizzo)
Acknowledgment of note of December 4, proposing central commission at Vienna to facilitate Austro-Hungarian demobilization; advice that decision has been made to handle matter through representatives in Paris.
204
Dec. 19 (6277) The Swedish Legation to the Department of State
Request of the Hungarian Government that there be transmitted to U. S. Government a communication already sent to Allied Governments (text printed) setting forth desire of Hungarian Government to renew direct relations with said governments.
(Footnote: Transmitted to Commission to Negotiate Peace as Department’s telegram No. 299, January 18, 1919, with statement that Department has replied that question has been brought to attention of the Mission.)
204
Dec. 19 (33) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Note from Swiss Political Department, December 17 (text printed), quoting communication from Austro-Hungarian Legation at Berne in regard to critical situation of Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war in Siberia and Turkestan.
205
[Page XXI]Dec. 21 (96) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Note from French Embassy, November 23 (text printed), stating that Austro-Hungarian Ministry for Foreign Affairs has expressed wish that Allied diplomatic missions at Berne be authorized to handle all economic questions directly with Austro-Hungarian Legation, and setting forth French Government’s opinion that such direct relations must await final peace. Note from Swiss Legation, November 29, enclosing Similar request from Austro-Hungarian Ministry for Foreign Affairs to U. S. Government (texts printed). Department’s inclination to make reply to French Embassy and Swiss Legation giving opinion similar to that of French Government.
206
Dec. 23 (64) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Approval of proposed replies to French Embassy and Swiss Legation.
207
Dec. 29 (53) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Note from Swiss Political Department, December 27 (text printed), communicating German-Austrian Government’s proposal of a mixed commission to discuss the international position of the new German-Austrian State.
208
1919 Jan. 2 (64) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Undated telegram from Hungarian Government proposing to Allied Governments that Hungarian prisoners of war be allowed to communicate with their families and that they be repatriated as soon as possible (text printed).
209
Jan. 8 The French Ambassador to the United Stales (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Decision of British, French, and Italian Grovernments that the French and Italian commanders in chief shall decide the line of demarcation between their zones of action in Austria, any differences of opinion to be submitted to Marshal Foch to be placed before the interested Governments; three notes implementing decision: (1) from Italian commander in chief, December 10, 1918, (2) from French commander in chief, December 12, 1918, and (3) from Marshal Foch, December 22, 1918 (texts printed).
210
Jan. 13 (80) The Chargé in Switzerland (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Letter from Count Sigray, informal representative in Switzerland of the Karolyi government in Hungary, concerning the possibility of elections in Hungary, and requesting that matter be referred to U. S. and Allied Governments (text printed).
217
[Page XXII]

The Coolidge Mission

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 26 The Secretary of State to the Minister in Switzerland (Stovall)
Instructions to enter into negotiations with Governments of Germany and Austria-Hungary in order that observers of political conditions being sent out by the American Commission to Negotiate Peace may be afforded the necessary assistance by those Governments.
218
Dec. 26 The Secretary of State to Professor A. C. Coolidge
Assignment to the Commission to Negotiate Peace for the purpose of proceeding to Austria to observe political conditions there and in neighboring countries.
218
Dec. 26 The Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Professor A. C. Coolidge
Directions to establish headquarters in Austria and send out observers to cover former Austro-Hungarian Empire and adjacent regions, particularly Poland, reporting to the Commission all matters of interest.
218
Dec. 27 Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Intention to leave for Berne immediately for the purpose of proceeding to Austria-Hungary; names of others in group.
219
Dec. 31 (3) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Report of interviews with three Austrian leaders in Berne December 30.
220
Dec. 31 (4) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Account of an interview, December 30, with Count Sigray, who declared that a statement by the Allies that the settlement in Hungary would be made on the basis of justice and not present military occupation would help situation in Hungary.
221
1919 Jan. 1 Professor A. C. Coolidge to Professor Clive Day, of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Account of two interviews concerning Bulgaria and especially Macedonia, one with Gueshov, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria, and the second with a professor in the University of Sofia.
221
Jan. 2 (5) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Recommendation by Count Sigray that an American or British regiment be stationed at Budapest to combat growing Bolshevist peril.
224
Jan. 5 (1) The Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to Dr. S. E. Mezes
Request for recommendations in regard to Count Sigray’s suggestion of a joint statement by the Allies concerning the settlement in Hungary.
224
Jan. 6 Dr. S. E. Mezes to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Attitude that there seems to be no objection to such a joint statement and that it might help to ease Italo-Jugoslav tension also.
224
Jan. 8 [10?] Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Secretary of State
Request for authorization to use the American consulate in Vienna for working accommodations.
225
[Page XXIII]Jan. 9 (11) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Report of visits by several representatives of the German part of Southern Tyrol to protest against annexation to Italy.
225
Jan. 9 (12) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Impressions concerning the situation in Poland.
227
Jan. 10 (13) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
First impressions of the situation in Vienna; Government’s anxiety to know when, if at all, they will be allowed to send representatives to the Peace Conference.
228
Jan. 11 (14) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Letter from Lieutenant Foster in Warsaw, January 9, describing conditions in Poland (excerpt printed).
229
Jan. 12 (15) Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Arguments advanced by German Austrians against the inclusion in the Czechoslovak state of large blocks of German population in Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia.
233
Jan. 13 Professor A. C. Coolidge to Professor W. E. Lunt, of the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Difficulties in discovering present national tendencies of the Ladins; report of a conversation with one representative of the Ladin district.
236
Jan. 16 (37) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Chargé in Switzerland (Wilson) (tel.)
From Lansing: Approval of Professor Coolidge’s request for use of consular quarters in Vienna.
237

BULGARIA

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Sept. 29 The Bulgarian Armistice Convention
With military covenant regulating conditions of suspension of hostilities.
241
Nov. 14 The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Intention of Serbian Government to create international commission to investigate violations of the Hague Conventions by the Austrians, Germans, and Bulgarians, and request to United States to appoint a member.
242
Nov. 21 (610) The Minister in Greece (Droppers) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Sofia, November 20: Order from chief of Entente military mission, at direction of French Government, that Bulgaria must evacuate Dobrudja; information that order violates armistice and that Cabinet has resigned; inquiry whether United States can intervene to have order revoked.
243
Nov. 22 (612) The Minister in Greece (Droppers) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Sofia, November 21: Note from Prime Minister to Chief of the Entente mission stating that, since evacuation of Dobrudja would violate armistice, Cabinet is resigning (text printed); belief that prompt action is needed to prevent overthrow of government by French intrigues.
243
[Page XXIV]Nov. 25 The Secretary of State to the Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) (tel.)
Attitude of U. S. Government that it cannot properly appoint a member to international commission to investigate Bulgarian atrocities, since U. S. forces did not participate in Balkan campaign.
244
Nov. 29 (190) The Consul General at Sofia (Murphy) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Roumanian troops have crossed Danube; request from Prime Minister that United States intervene to assure strict adherence to armistice terms.
(Footnote: Forwarded to Colonel House as Department’s telegram No. 132, December 6.)
244
Nov. 30 (192) The Consul General at Sofia (Murphy) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that situation in Dobrudja has improved; that Roumanian troops have withdrawn.
245
Dec. 3 (193) The Consul General at Sofia (Murphy) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement that situation is worse; Bulgaria’s desire that English and French troops occupy Dobrudja.
245
Dec. 10 (33 [3?]) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Reports from Red Cross sources that Bulgarian officials are rendering repatriation of Greeks as difficult as possible and subject them to great hardships.
245
Dec. 10 (2) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Report of conversations with Prime Minister and Minister of War, in which appeals were made for American intervention in several situations in Bulgaria.
246
Dec. 12 (250) Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement by General Bliss that he sees no remedy for situations such as crossing of Danube by Roumanian troops; that if conditions are serious they will be considered at Peace Conference.
248
Dec. 12 The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Explanation of pro-Bulgarian sympathies of American missionaries in Bulgaria.
248
Dec. 12 (6) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Bulgaria seems to have no interest in Thrace but is most interested in return of Dobrudja and acquisition of part of Macedonia.
249
Dec. 16 (6) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Prime Minister’s request that prominent Bulgarians be allowed to lay Bulgarian cause before U. S. delegation at Paris; information that similar request has been made to British and French Governments.
250
[Page XXV]Dec. 16 The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Ambassador in France (Sharp)
Article from L’Echo de Bulgarie, December 13 (text printed), containing important declarations by the Prime Minister, in reply to an interpellation in the Chamber, concerning the situation in Dobrudja.
251
Dec. 19 (6) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State
Report, based on conclusions drawn from numerous conversations with Bulgarians and others, concerning attitude of Bulgaria toward Allied countries, toward her Balkan neighbors, and toward question of the Dobrudja.
254
Dec. 21 (6414) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Saloniki from Sofia, December 15: Conversation of the Chargé in Bulgaria with the King concerning Bulgaria’s situation; King’s statement that Bulgaria places her whole reliance upon United States.
257
Dec. 21 (8) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State
Article from L’Echo de Bulgarie, December 18 (text printed), containing extracts from speech of Prime Minister concerning Bulgarian territorial aspirations which it is hoped the Peace Conference will consider favorably.
258
Dec. 24 The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For American Mission: Entry of Roumanians into Dobrudja; understanding that action is due to orders from Paris; fear that situation may endanger government of Bulgaria.
261
Dec. 27 (3) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Consul General at Saloniki (Horton) (tel.)
Instructions to inform U. S. Chargé in Bulgaria that Prime Minister’s request that Bulgarian representatives be allowed to lay their cause before U. S. delegation in Paris must await French Government’s action on similar request addressed to it.
262
Dec. 28 Professor Clive Day to Mr. William C. Bullitt
Opinion that President Wilson could do much to stabilize conditions in the Balkans if he would give warning that U. S. Commissioners would not recognize changes effected by violence or acts contravening the armistice.
262
Dec. 30 (5) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Desire for reply to Bulgarian request for permission to send delegates to Paris.
263
1919 Jan. 1 (8) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Prime Minister’s announcement in Parliament of receipt of a telegram from Mr. Hoover indicating possibility of Bulgaria’s securing flour from United States; Parliament’s vote of thanks to U. S. Government.
263
[Page XXVI]Jan. 9 (23) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State
Report on conditions in Dobrudja; belief that a failure by the U. S. Government to urge observance of armistice will reflect on United States.
264
Jan. 10 (24) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State
Mémoire from the Mayor of Silistra to the officer commanding the British forces in Silistra (text printed) setting forth situation in Dobrudja and begging for a guarantee of Bulgarian rights.
266
Jan. 14 (6738) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from Allied Ministers at Jassy, January 10 (text printed), setting forth Roumanian view of Dobrudja situation.
268

TURKEY

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 13 (2337) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Visit from the Armenian Committee to Italy, who called to present the situation and the hopes of Armenia.
271
Nov. 16 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Telegram from Italian Minister of State, November 8 (text printed), describing meeting held by representatives of Armenia and attended by prominent Italians, at which resolution was passed to apply to President Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George, and Orlando for recognition of the Armenian national delegation headed by Nubar as a government. President Wilson’s expression of sympathy for Armenians, and instructions to reply to the telegram that everything possible will be done.
272
Nov. 19 The Italian Ambassador (Macchi di Cellere) to the Counselor for the Department of State (Polk)
Memorandum from the Italian Embassy (text printed) in regard to alleged violations of the armistice by Turkey in Tripoli.
273
Nov. 25 (226) The Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Cairo (Gary) to the Secretary of Stale (tel.)
Joint declaration by British and French Governments (text printed) that their aim in the East is to emancipate all peoples oppressed by the Turks and to establish national governments which derive their authority from the will of the people.
274
Dec. 4 (623) The Minister in Greece (Droppers) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of many petitions from Greeks for redemption of their fellow countrymen from foreign governments.
275
[Page XXVII]Dec. 6 (4181–4182) The Greek Legation to the Department of State
Description of the serious situation of Christians in Turkey; request that United States begin action necessary to save them.
276
Dec. 16 The British Embassy to the Department of State
Telegram from Foreign Office to British Ambassador in Italy, December 13 (text printed), instructing him to inform Italian Government that there are no grounds for occupation of Constantinople and Anatolia by Italy, but that British Government sees no objection to Italian troops proceeding to Turkey and Thrace.
277
Dec. 21 The French Chargé (Chambrun) to the Acting Secretary of State
Proposals of Allied representatives at Constantinople for removing Germans and Austrians from Turkey; readiness of French Government to accede to propositions; request for attitude of U. S. Government.
278
Dec. 29 (M–5/G) Admiral W. S. Benson to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Information that State Department does not believe it necessary to send an Admiral as High Commissioner at Constantinople but that Rear Admiral M. L. Bristol has been directed to proceed to Salonica and to hoist his flag on the U. S. S. Nahma.
279
1919 Jan. 2 (351) The Acting Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)
Request that German Government be informed that U. S. Government is not in position to intervene in favor of German civilians being permitted to remain in Turkey inasmuch as the United States was not a signatory of the armistice with Turkey.
279
Jan. 4 (1) The American Commissioner at Constantinople (Heck) to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Report on political and economic conditions in Turkey.
280
Jan. 7 Professor W. L. Westermann to Mr. William C. Bullitt
Information that letter has been received from delegate of Georgian Government concerning claims of that Government.
283
Jan. 22 The Acting Secretary of State to the Italian Chargé (Valentino)
Statement that inasmuch as the United States is not a party to the armistice with Turkey, U. S. Government is unable to take up with British Government the situation created in Tripoli by Turkish violations of armistice.
284
Feb. 6 The Acting Secretary of State to the French Chargé (Chambrun)
Statement that U. S. Government is not immediately concerned in proposals for removing Austrians and Germans from Turkey, since the United States was not a party to the armistice with Turkey.
284
[Page XXVIII]

TERRITORIAL QUESTIONS AND RELATIONS WITH NEW STATES

Jugoslavia

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 11 (89) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Advice that if it is decided to recognize National Council of Zagreb as representative of Serbo-Croat-Slovene nation it might be well to assure Jugoslavs guardedly that their territorial aspirations are a matter for the Peace Conference to settle.
287
Nov. 12 (128) The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State
Report on the formation of the new Jugoslav Government (National Council at Zagreb), the negotiations between it and the Serbian Government for some form of union, and the movements of the Italian forces, which are a source of alarm to both Serbia and the National Council.
287
Nov. 13 (5751) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that communication from the President of the National Council of Zagreb has been received, enclosing protest of National Council to Allies and United States in regard to manner in which terms of armistice are being executed.
291
Nov. 13 (2342) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that a delegate from city of Fiume has addressed himself to Allies through Italian Prime Minister, stating that the city has resolved to annex itself to Italy and asks Italian protection during transition.
292
Nov. 14 (2349) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that the French are being charged by the British and Italians with being at bottom of present Jugoslav movement along Austrian and Dalmatian coast.
292
Nov. 14 (2351) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that naval attaché has referred to Rear Admiral Bullard a communication from the Chief of Staff of the Italian Navy requesting a joint occupation of Spalato by Americans, British, French, and Italians.
293
Nov. 14 (2355) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of growing tension over Dalmatian question.
293
Nov. 14 The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Irritation felt by Serbian Cabinet members because of Italian attitude in Austrian fleet question and because Italy has occupied alone Fiume and several ports of Dalmatia and Montenegro.
(Footnote: Transmitted to Ambassador in France in Department’s telegram No. 6312, November 16, with instruction to confer with Colonel House and report how Jugoslav-Italian situation is regarded in Paris.)
294
Nov. 16 (2363) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Augmentation of Italian feeling against Jugoslavs by latter’s attempts to forestall Italian possession of ports on Adriatic; statement that Italian public now boldly claims Fiume as Italian city.
294
Nov. 16 (2368) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that a detachment of troops has occupied Fiume but that doubt exists as to whether they are Italian or international.
295
[Page XXIX]Nov. 16 (2370) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Summary of general trend of present Italian opinion on Adriatic and Jugoslav questions.
295
Nov. 18 (2378) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that French have taken over bay near Fiume and that Italians seem to question their reason for doing so.
296
Nov. 18 (2376) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Occupation of Fiume by Italians, November 9; report of serious conditions in Fiume.
296
Nov. 18 (120) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Request from President of Jugoslav Provisional Government that U. S. troops occupy strategic points where it is feared conflicts may occur between Jugoslav and occupying Italian troops; statement that similar request was received recently from Orlando.
297
Nov. 18 (5267) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State
Communication dated November 11, and enclosure, November 9 (texts printed) to which reference is made in telegram No. 5751, November 13.
298
Nov. 19 (50) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
From President Wilson: Instructions to urge Supreme Command to acquiesce in request of President of Jugoslav Provisional Government that U. S. troops occupy strategic points.
301
Nov. 20 (5924) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of Stale (tel.)
Report of discussions with Serbian Minister, with head of Jugoslav movement, and with French Foreign Minister concerning Jugoslav-Italian situation.
301
Nov. 20 The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Substance of telegram from Serbian Minister of War to Foreign Office reporting that Italian and U. S. forces have landed at Fiume.
303
Nov. 20 (2384) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Inflamed state of Italian public opinion in regard to Adriatic and Jugoslav questions; increasing feeling against the French, who are believed to be stirring up Jugoslav hostility.
304
Nov. 20 (2385) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Expression by King of Italy of pleasure that Allied contingents are going into ports along Eastern Adriatic.
305
Nov. 20 (129) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Telegram from the Italian Prime Minister to the Italian Ambassador in France (text printed) setting forth requests made by the French Ambassador in Italy concerning occupation of territory by Italian forces, and Prime Minister’s reply as to why it had been necessary for Italy to occupy Fiume.
305
Nov. 20 (1306) The British Embassy to the Department of State
Report from British Minister at Nish that Jugoslavs and Serbians have not yet succeeded in arriving at an agreement; Minister’s opinion that recognition should not be given Jugoslavs until an accord has been reached.
306
[Page XXX]Nov. 21 (2386) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Indignation caused in Italy by transfer of Austro-Hungarian fleet to Jugoslavs; fear of disastrous clash.
307
Nov. 21 (2390) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s expression of apprehension over situation along Eastern Adriatic and his desire that U. S. observers be sent to that region.
308
Nov. 22 The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Expression by French naval commander in chief of anxiety at attitude of Italian Government in regard to Eastern Adriatic region.
308
Nov. 22 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
Discussion with Italian Ambassador of disturbing reports from abroad concerning Italian-Jugoslav relations.
309
Nov. 22 (6379) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Information that the Department has expressed to the Italian Ambassador its concern over Italian-Jugoslav friction in the Adriatic and its hope that Italy will take no step to increase such friction until matters can be discussed at the Peace Conference.
310
Nov. 22 (145) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of Stale (tel.)
For the President: Communication from British Ambassador to France (text printed) indicating that British Government would favor occupation of strategic points in former empire of Austria-Hungary by U. S. forces; intention to take matter up with Supreme Command as soon as French reply is received.
310
Nov. 24 (163) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement by French Foreign Office (text printed) that French Government would favor occupation of strategic points by U. S. troops.
311
Nov. 25 (2406) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of peculiar situation caused by sudden change of Austro-Hungarian officers to Jugoslav officers.
311
Nov. 26 (1072) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State
Letter from the Syndic of the Free City of Fiume and the delegate of the National Council of Fiume (text printed) dealing with the history and present status of Fiume.
312
Nov. 26 (2407) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Request from Foreign Office that U. S. troops not be withdrawn from Fiume and Cattaro.
314
Nov. 26 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
Italian Ambassador’s belief that it would be dangerous for President Wilson to enter Peace Conference with idea that Pact of London need not be considered, inasmuch as whole of Italy is enthusiastic for it.
314
Nov. 26 (2405) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that situation in Eastern Adriatic is somewhat improved; information that French attitude has changed and that French Admiral has been instructed to act sympathetically with Italians.
315
[Page XXXI]Nov. 27 (2417) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s concern over reported order to withdraw U. S. regiment from Italy; belief that its presence will do much to prevent clashes.
316
Nov. 29 (2426) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of facts brought out at a naval conference concerning the Eastern Adriatic.
316
Nov. 30 The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to Colonel E. M. House
Reasons why the Council at Zagreb has voted for a junction with the kingdom of Serbia.
317
Dec. 2 (2433) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that friction between Italians and French continues in parts of Eastern Adriatic coast.
318
Dec. 2 (221) Colonel E. M. House to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: General Pershing’s opinion that U. S. troops already in Italy might be used in occupying disputed areas; telegram from the War Department to General Pershing, November 28 (text printed), directing that U. S. troops be withdrawn from Italy; suggestion that matter be taken up with Secretary of War.
319
Dec. 3 (2438) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information concerning the program of certain “Adriatic Deputies” who are ready to go to London or Paris to see President Wilson.
320
Dec. 4 (2445) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report by military attaché of conditions along the Dalmatian coast.
320
Dec. 5 The Serbian Legation to the Department of State
Request that U. S. Government use its influence to curb friction between Italy and the National Council in Zagreb.
321
Dec. 6 (1087) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Acting Secretary of State
Letter from a deputy to the Dalmatian Diet to the U. S. Ambassador in Italy, November 30 (text printed), setting forth conditions at Spalato and the necessity for its occupation by Allied troops.
322
Dec. 7 The President of the Italian National Council of Fiume (Grossich) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Expression of confidence that the Peace Conference will recognize Fiume’s desire for union with Italy.
323
Dec. 11 The Serbian Legation to the Department of State
Note addressed to the Serbian Government by the National Council of Ljubljana (text printed) imploring that U. S. Government be requested to persuade Italians to retire from all Jugoslav territory which they now occupy.
323
Dec. 13 The Serbian Legation to the Department of State
Protest to the United States against measures adopted by Italian administration in Jugoslav territory; request that U. S. Government employ most energetic means to influence Italian Government to change the orders to its troops.
325
[Page XXXII]Dec. 14 The Chargé in Serbia (Dodge) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement by Assistant Foreign Minister that, while Serbia will do everything to restrain her troops and the population of Dalmatia, Italy seems bent upon provoking an incident in that region in order to alienate Serbia from her Allies.
326
Dec. 15 Copy of Telegram From the British Ambassador in France (Derby) to the British Secretary of Stale for Foreign Affairs (Balfour)
Information, transmitted at the request of Colonel House, concerning the probable attitude of President Wilson with regard to the dispute between the Jugoslavs and Italy.
326
Dec. 15 The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson
Report of activities in the Eastern Adriatic; appointment by Admiral Sims as U. S. representative on a commission to make an inquiry and report to the Allied Governments on the existing situation; belief that there is no necessity for troops in Fiume.
327
Dec. 16 The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson
Report of events in the Eastern Adriatic; description of Fiume as completely occupied and dominated by Italians.
332
Dec. 17 (40) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Communication from the Italian Embassy, December 11, concerning the Jugoslav-Italian situation (text printed).
333
Dec. 18 (243) The Serbian Chargé (Simitch) to the Acting Secretary of State
Serbian Government’s claim that Italian Army is occupying places in Kranjska in disregard of the demarcation line included in the armistice; anticipation that U. S. Government will endeavor to persuade Italian Government to instruct its Army to keep within limits prescribed in the armistice.
335
Dec. 19 The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson (tel.)
Receipt of a memorandum from the National Jugoslav Council of Fiume-Susak setting forth their grievances against the Italians; reasons why they protest against Italian occupation, and remedies which they request.
335
Dec. 21 (314) The President of the Italian National Council of Fiume (Grossich) to the Acting Secretary of State
Protest against seizure of part of the harbor of Fiume by the French Government as a base for supplying the Eastern Army.
336
Dec. 23 General Tasker H. Bliss to President Wilson
Belief of the American Peace Commission that President Wilson might find it desirable to authorize the Commission to draw up general rules to govern the use of the U. S. regiment in the Eastern Adriatic region, since it appears that this regiment is being used to further political aims.
337
Dec. 23 The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson (tel.)
Report of unpleasant incident at Spalato between Italian destroyer and Slav population.
338
[Page XXXIII]Dec. 25 The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson (tel.)
Explanations of conditions at Fiume given to the commission of inquiry by the French General and the Italian Lieutenant General.
339
Undated The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson (tel.)
Statement of English General Gordon before naval committee, December 24 (text printed), including assertion that there were no disorders in Fiume before Italians landed. Statement of Lieutenant Colonel Everson (text printed) to the effect that Fiume appears to be occupied by Italians and not by Allies.
340
Dec. 26 (6889) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State
Communication addressed by the Jugoslav Assembly to the Allied Powers, November 13, protesting against the occupation by the Italian naval forces of certain territory claimed by the Jugoslav nation (text printed).
341
Dec. 26 The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson (tel.)
Information that naval committee has reconvened but that inquiry is delayed in order to permit Italian Admiral to consult his Government.
342
Dec. 27 (33) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From chief of American military mission at Padua: Report on inquiries into situation in territory occupied by Italians.
343
Dec. 29 The Commander of United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Mediterranean (Bullard) to Admiral W. S. Benson (tel.)
Testimony given to naval authorities by inhabitants of outlying districts.
343
Dec. 31 The Chargé in Serbia (Dodge) to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For the Secretary of State and the Department: Report of alleged acts of intrigue and aggression by Italy against Serbia and her interests.
344
1919 Jan. 6 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Request for expression of views concerning matters reported by the Chargé in Serbia in his telegram supra.
345
Jan. 9 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Difficulty in dealing with matters reported by the Chargé in Serbia; suggestion that they might be called to the attention of Baron Sonnino, since he is in Paris.
345
Jan. 9 The French Ambassador to the United States (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Information that a single government has been set up representing Serbia, Montenegro, and the Serbian, Croatian and Slovene countries of former Austria-Hungary; willingness of France to recognize the new state if U. S., British, and Italian Governments desire to do so; inquiry as to U. S. intentions.
345
[Page XXXIV]Jan. 10 The French Ambassador to the United States (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Statement that British and Italian Governments prefer that question of recognition of the new state be settled by the Peace Conference; suggested reply (text printed) to Serbian note on the subject.
346

Montenegro

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 21 (5958) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Receipt of a letter from the President of the Montenegrin Committee for National Union, violently attacking King Nicholas.
347
Nov. 22 (5970) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Receipt of a note from Montenegrin Government complaining against actions of Serbia and stating that Serbia plans to absorb Montenegro against the wishes of the Montenegrin people.
347
Nov. 27 The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that a note dated November 25 has been received from the Montenegrin Government complaining of Serbian penetration.
347
Dec. 4 (124) The Montenegrin Minister (Gvosdenovitch) to the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
Despatch from the Acting Foreign Minister (text printed) denying report that National Assembly has met, deposed the King, and voted for union with Serbia.
348
Dec. 4 (3447) The Acting Secretary of State to the Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) (tel.)
Instructions to investigate press reports indicating that the King of Montenegro has been deposed.
349
Dec. 7 (149) Manifesto of the National Executive Committee of Montenegro Directed to the Government of the United States
Resolutions passed by the Great Servian National Assembly of Montenegro at Podgoritza deposing King Nicholas and proclaiming the union of Serbia and Montenegro.
349
Dec. 7 The Serbian Chargé (Simitch) to the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
Copy of a telegram officially forwarded to the Chargé (text printed) concerning the union of Montenegro and Serbia.
350
Dec. 7 The Serbian Chargé (Simitch) to the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)
Communication from the Serbian Prime Minister containing declaration, December 1, by representatives of the Jugoslav National Council of Zagreb to the Prince Regent of Serbia and the Prince Regent’s reply proclaiming the union of the two states in the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (texts printed).
351
Dec. 9 (4) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Confirmation by pro-Serbians that Montenegro is discontented.
354
[Page XXXV]Dec. 12 (6139) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information, in reply to telegram No. 3447, of December 4, concerning the meeting at Podgoritza of representatives of the Montenegrin National Committee.
355
Dec. 13 (6159) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Receipt of a note from the Montenegrin Committee for National Union announcing the action of the National Assembly at Podgoritza; receipt also of a note from the Montenegrin Government stating that the action was illegal since the National Assembly is nonexistent.
355
Dec. 18 (135) The Chargé in Serbia (Dodge) to the Acting Secretary of State
Report of information obtained from various sources concerning the action of the National Assembly at Podgoritza.
356
Dec. 24 (145) The Secretary of the Montenegrin Legation (Matanovitch) to the Acting Secretary of State
Telegram from the Acting Foreign Minister, December 23, denying report that National Assembly has voted for annexation to Serbia (text printed).
358
Dec. 28 The Montenegrin Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs (Chotch) to the American Chargé in France (Bliss)
Statement that Montenegro is formally blockaded by Serbian authorities; appeal to Allies that blockade be removed, that Allied troops be sent to Montenegro, and that the Serbian troops and authorities be sent away.
358
1919 Jan. 4 The Embassy in France to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Letter addressed by the Montenegrin Acting Foreign Minister to the American Chargé, December 29, 1918 (text printed), protesting against the actions of the Serbian Government, and enclosing a note from the Serbian Chargé near the Montenegrin Government, December 28, 1918 (text printed), stating that his function has come to an end because of the union of Montenegro and Serbia.
359
Jan. 4 (20) The Montenegrin Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs (Chotch) to the American Chargé in France (Bliss)
Statement bringing to the attention of the Allies the proceedings of Serbia against Montenegro.
361
Jan. 4 (17) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Acting Secretary of State
Intention of British Government to protest to Serbian Government against their action in creating a fait accompli in Montenegro, thus attempting to prejudice the decisions of the Peace Conference; desire that Associated Governments take similar action.
361
Jan. 7 King Nicholas I of Montenegro to President Wilson
Appeal to President Wilson; hope that United States and Allies will compel Serbia to right the wrong she has done.
362
Jan. 7 (54) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement by the Montenegrin Peace Conference delegate that the Montenegrin peasant party staged a revolution January 3 and have demanded an Allied occupation of Montenegro.
365
[Page XXXVI]Jan. 8 (60) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Three telegrams from Cattaro, January 6 and 7, concerning the French-Serbian penetration to put down Montenegrin revolution (texts printed).
366
Jan. 9 (61) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram to the Italian Minister of Marine from Cattaro, January 8, setting forth appeal from the insurgents (text printed).
367
Jan. 9 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Suggestion that the Secretary point out to the Serbian representative at the Peace Conference the serious view which the United States takes of Serbia’s actions in Montenegro.
367
Jan. 9 President Wilson to King Nicholas I of Montenegro
Promise that interests of Montenegro will be given sympathetic consideration.
368
Jan. 10 Manifesto of Certain Montenegrins Resident in France Directed to the American Chargé in France (Bliss)
Protest against Serbia’s actions; appeal that principle of free disposition of peoples be applied in all Jugoslav countries.
368
Jan. 11 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Request for advice as to the wisdom of giving King Nicholas an audience.
370
Jan. 13 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Belief that it would be unwise at the present time to have an interview with King Nicholas.
370
Jan. 13 (208) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Inquiry as to whether there are persons in Paris who could be sent to Montenegro to investigate and report on situation there.
370
Jan. 14 (2538) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report concerning situation in Montenegro; fear that it may soon become irremediable.
371
Jan. 24 (425) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that the military attaché at Rome has been directed to send Captain James Bruce to observe conditions in Montenegro.
372

Albania

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 16 (315) The Secretary of State to the British Chargé (Barclay)
Statement, in reply to British inquiry, that the U. S. Government is not contemplating any action regarding Albania pending the Peace Conference.
373
[Page XXXVII]Nov. 19 (1292) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Secretary of State
Information that the British Government has stated to the Italian Government that it has no objections to the Albanians expressing their views on the future organization of Albania but that it trusts no action will be taken on these proposals pending the decision of the Peace Conference.
373
Dec. 20 (72) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Communication from the Italian Embassy enclosing a letter concerning the future of Albania addressed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by Albanian residents in Switzerland (texts printed).
374
1919 Jan. 9 The Embassy in France to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Note from the Italian Embassy in France, December 30, 1918 (text printed), stating that an assembly of Albanians has voted the constitution of a provisional government and that the Italian Government has advised them that there is no reason to take action prior to the decisions of the Peace Conference concerning the political situation of Albania.
375

Czechoslovakia

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 18 (10241) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State
Note from the British Foreign Minister, November 13, together with a memorandum, November 4, setting forth some of the difficulties involved in the consideration of the future boundaries of the Czechoslovak state (texts printed).
376
Nov. 21 (5652) The Swedish Minister (Ekengren) to the Secretary of State
Communication to the President of the United States from the National Representation of German Bohemia, transmitted through the Swedish Government, proclaiming the right of German Bohemia to be a part of the German Republic and protesting against oppression by Czech forces (text printed).
377
Dec. 2 (3236) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Activities of Czechoslovaks in districts of Hungary and Bohemia as reported in the German and Danish press.
378
Dec. 13 The Swedish Legation to the Department of State
Communication for President Wilson from the Austro-German Government, transmitted through the Swedish Government (text printed), requesting that no decision be made as to the fate of Bohemia and Moravia except on the basis of a plebiscite.
379
Dec. 20 The Czechoslovak Minister of Foreign Affairs (Beneš) to the Secretary of State
Objections to German-Austria’s request for a plebiscite; boundaries which it is suggested that the Allies fix temporarily, leaving the final decision to the Peace Conference. Copy of the reply of the French Government, December 19 (text printed), to the request of the German-Austrian Government.
379
[Page XXXVIII]Dec. 23 The Swedish Minister (Ekengren) to the Acting Secretary of State
Communication from the German-Austrian Government, transmitted by the Swedish Government, taking exception to the occupation of certain territory by the Czechoslovak forces.
(Transmitted simultaneously to all the Allies.)
383
1919 Jan. 4 The Secretary of State to the Czechoslovak Minister of Foreign Affairs (Beneš)
Statement that the Foreign Minister’s note of December 20, 1918, has been attentively read and forwarded to the Department of State at Washington.
384

Roumania

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 9 (133) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of an audience with the King, in which the latter expressed his gratitude for the Secretary’s statement in favor of union of all Roumanians who live in territory adjoining Roumania, and his agreement to the Minister’s suggestion that Roumania enter the war; information that mobilization of the army has been ordered. Telegram from the Queen (text printed) expressing her gratitude for the Secretary’s statement.
385
Nov. 10 [134] The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Two communications, one from the Roumanian Government, and one from the King, expressing gratification in regard to the attitude of the United States (texts printed).
386
Nov. 12 (139) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of an audience with the Queen in which she expressed thanks to Americans and inquired concerning foodstuffs to be sent by American Red Cross.
387
Nov. 13 (142) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Memorandum from the Roumanian Government setting forth reasons why Roumania is entitled to a realization of her claims (text printed).
387
Nov. 17 (1102) The Roumanian Chargé (Lahovary) to the Secretary of State
Cablegram dated November 10 from the President of the Council (text printed) giving information that German commander has been notified that Roumania will use force if Germans fail to comply with the order to evacuate Roumanian territory within 24 hours.
388
Nov. 20 (5923) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 10 (text printed), concerning Roumania’s re-entry into the war.
389
[Page XXXIX]Nov. 22 (5975) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 17 (text printed), conveying request of Roumanian Government that action be taken to stop German seizures of railway rolling stock.
390
Nov. 24 Queen Marie of Roumania to President Wilson (tel.)
Statement of gratitude for the help being given to Roumanians by the American Red Cross.
390
Nov. 25 (6003) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 21 (text printed), stating that the national committee of Dobrudja has requested that action be taken to hasten the departure of Bulgarian troops from Dobrudja.
391
Nov. 26 (6023) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 20 (text printed), stating that the delegates of the National Council of Transylvania have declared their intention to unite with Roumania.
391
Nov. 27 (6029) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 23 (text printed), conveying request of the Roumanian Government that a mixed commission of Allied and Roumanian officers oversee the retreat of the German troops in Transylvania in order to prevent depredations.
391
Nov. 27 (6036) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 23, transmitting note of Roumanian Government concerning Dobrudja (text printed), which states that Roumanian troops have been ordered to cooperate with Allied troops in carrying out armistice provisions relating to territory evacuated by the enemy.
392
Nov. 28 (3222) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Advice that the Danish press reports that Roumania has delivered an ultimatum to Hungary.
393
Nov. 30 The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of removal of the Roumanian Government to Bucharest.
393
Dec. 2 (6) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Description of the celebration of the Roumanian Government’s return to Bucharest.
394
Dec. 4 (6123) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 24 (text printed), stating the attitude of the Roumanian Government that Dobrudja is not debatable territory and that Roumanian authorities should be reinstalled at once.
394
[Page XL]Dec. 6 President Wilson to Queen Marie of Roumania (tel.)
Assurances that Americans will always consider it a privilege to be of assistance to the people of Roumania.
395
Dec. 7 The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to Colonel E. M. House
Aide-mémoire from the Roumanian Legation in Switzerland (text printed) giving information concerning the proclamation of union with Roumania made by the delegates of the Roumanian provinces of Hungary and Transylvania in a meeting at Alba Julia on December 1.
395
Dec. 9 (6579) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain whether the new Roumanian Government has declared war on Germany and how the French Government views the matter.
396
Dec. 11 (6234) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, November 12 (text printed), explaining that all movements of Roumanian forces ceased when so ordered by Marshal Foch, but that it is necessary that they be used to maintain order in places where anarchy threatens.
397
Dec. 12 (6244) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that M. Pichon states that the present Government of Roumania cannot declare war on Germany and that the new Government will not go into power until January, but that he regards Roumania as an ally to all intents and purposes.
397
Dec. 12 (6258) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Conversations with the Roumanian Ministers to France and to the United States, in which both declared that unless the Allies desired her to do so, Roumania would not declare war on Germany.
398
Dec. 14 (26) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Communication from Roumanian National Council, Vienna, December 9 (text printed), charging that the Serbs have prevented the return of the Roumanians of the Banat who attended the meeting at Alba Julia December 1, and requesting that another Entente army replace the Serbian army of occupation.
398
Dec. 16 (6303) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, December 12 (text printed), conveying the Foreign Minister’s request that the Governments send delegates to the European Commission of the Danube at Galatz.
399
Dec. 19 (6395) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Roumania has not declared war on Germany.
399
[Page XLI]Dec. 19 (58) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Acting Secretary of State
Opinion that the division of the Banat will have to be left to the Peace Conference in order to avoid trouble between the Roumanians and the Jugoslavs.
399
Dec. 23 (6447) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Embassy has sent to the American Mission copies of all joint telegrams from the Allied Ministers at Jassy and any other communications thought to be of interest to the Mission.
400
Dec.[27] (32) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that conflict between Roumanians and Serbians on account of Banat has already commenced.
400
Dec. 27 (34) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Telegram regarding the claims of Roumania sent by the French, British, and Italian Ministers to their Governments (text printed).
402
Dec. 28 (35) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that the committee of Transylvanians who brought the documents of their union with Roumania have asked that their thanks be extended to President Wilson and the United States for freeing them from Hungary.
402
Dec. 30 (6572) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Joint telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, December 27 (text printed), expressing opinion that in order to avoid conflict all of Banat must be occupied temporarily by Allied troops.
403
1919 Jan. 4 The French Ambassador to the United States (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Suggestion that U. S. and Allied Governments inform the Roumanian Government that the Peace Conference alone can decide the fate of Banat and Transylvania.
404
Jan. 7 The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State
Information that the Prime Minister called a meeting of the U. S. and Entente Ministers, at which he expressed his dissatisfaction with treatment he is receiving from the Entente.
404
Jan. 10 The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State
Conversations with Roumanian and Serbian representatives concerning the problem of Banat.
405
Jan. 10 (10) The Chargé in Serbia (Dodge) to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For the Secretary and the Department: Assurances given by the Serbian Chief of Staff concerning internment of Roumanians in Banat.
405
[Page XLII]Jan. 11 (6707) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Identical telegram from the Allied Ministers at Jassy, January 6 (text printed), transmitting declaration by the President of the Council that Roumania would not object to the designation of arbiters by the Allies to examine the populations of Banat (text printed).
406
Jan. 13 The Secretary of State to the French Ambassador to the United States (Jusserand)
Statement that the American Embassy in France has been instructed to take appropriate action in regard to the suggestion set forth in the French Ambassador’s letter of January 4.
407

Poland

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 14 (5775) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that the Regency has requested Pilsudski to form a government for all of Poland including Silesia.
408
Nov. 15 (1278) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Secretary of State
Statement that the representative in London of the Polish National Council has been informed that the British Government would view with displeasure any act by the Polish Government intended to prejudge the decisions of the Peace Conference.
408
Nov. 16 (5208) The Chargé in the Netherlands (Bliss) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Reasons given by the unofficial representative in Holland of the Polish Government why it is necessary that the government being formed in Poland be recognized by the Allies and the United States.
409
Nov. 18 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Telegram from General Pilsudski to President Wilson, November 17, requesting that Polish military formations now under U. S. flag be sent to Poland (text printed).
410
Nov. 18 (6791) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State
Memorandum from the Polish National Committee, November 13, protesting against Ukrainian occupation of Lwow and Przemysl and against German attempts to prevent union of Galicia and Poland (text printed).
410
Nov. 26 The French Ambassador (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Desire to know whether the U. S. Government is ready to agree to recognition by the Allies of the Polish National Committee as a de facto government.
412
Nov. 28 The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Answers to queries concerning matters affecting the Polish situation.
413
[Page XLIII]Nov. 29 (102) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
Instructions that any Americans sent to Poland should investigate alleged mistreatment of Jews by Poles and report matter to the Department.
413
Dec. 5 (2447) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Anxiety of Polish Committee in Italy regarding exaggerated reports of pogroms in Galicia; Committee’s desire that U. S. troops be sent to Poland.
414
Dec. 11 Memorandum by Major Julian L. Coolidge
Reasons why Polish troops now in France should be sent to Poland, and some of the difficulties involved.
414
Dec. 12 (2) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Statement by the Lithuanian Bureau of Information at Lausanne with regard to the Polish occupation of Lithuanian territories (text printed).
416
Dec. 21 (6704) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Instructions to investigate and report on relations between Polish National Committee in Paris and Polish officers in charge of affairs in Poland.
416
Dec. 27 The President of the Polish National Committee (Dmowski) to the Secretary of State
Telegram, December 16, from the Poles of the former German Empire to President Wilson on his arrival on the Continent (text printed); resolutions of the Local Parliament at Posen in regard to the aims of Poland (texts printed).
416
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 29] The President of the National Council of the Western Ukrainian Republic (Petrouchevitch) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Protest against the Polish occupation of Eastern Galicia and the Roumanian occupation of the Ukrainian parts of Bukowina.
420
1919 Undated [Rec’d Jan. 1] (64) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Communication from a member of the Polish Mission describing conditions in Lithuania and requesting that Germans be compelled to allow passage of Polish troops to Vilna (text printed).
421
Jan. 3 (1995) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Acting Secretary of State
Memorandum dated January 1 (text printed) giving a description of M. Paderewski’s visit to Posen as set forth in a despatch by the British military attaché in Copenhagen.
422
[Page XLIV]Jan. 3 (81) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Opinion of Secretary of War that enlistment of Polish troops in the United States should stop, since Poles are apparently beginning hostilities against friendly nations.
(Footnote: Reference to Department’s telegram No. 236, January 15, for correction.)
424
Jan. 4 (70) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Colonel House from Paderewski: Plea for U. S., British, and French troops and materials in order to save Polish territory from Bolshevists.
424
Jan. 6 (174) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Request for text of reply which the Department made to the French Ambassador’s note of November 26, 1918, concerning the recognition of the Polish National Committee.
425
Jan. 6 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Inquiry as to answer to be made to Secretary of War concerning enlistment of Polish troops in the United States.
425
Jan. 8 (6655) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report on relations between the Polish National Committee at Pan’s and the Pilsudski government in Poland.
426
Jan. 9 Colonel William R. Grove to General Marlborough Churchill
Report on conditions in Poland.
427
Jan. 9 (212) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Request for full details in regard to report in Department’s telegram No. 81 of January 3 that Poles are beginning hostilities against friendly nations.
430
Jan. 9 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Statement that it is out of the question to allow Poles to be enlisted in the United States to fight against friendly nations; opinion that Polish representatives should be so informed before official action is taken.
430
Jan. 13 The Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to the Chargé in France (Bliss)
Request that Chargé get in touch with Polish representatives in Paris as suggested by President Wilson.
430
Jan. 15 (236) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement that Department’s telegram No. 81, January 3, reads: “Poles are apparently beginning hostilities against Germans.”
431
Jan. 17 The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Statement by the President of the National Polish Committee at Paris that it was his impression that orders had been given to discontinue recruiting in the United States for the Polish Army.
431
[Page XLV]Jan. 18 (297) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Information that the Department has not answered the French Ambassador’s note of November 26, 1918, because of uncertainty as to relations between Polish National Committee and other Polish factions.
432
Jan. 23 The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Decision by the National Polish Committee to order discontinuance of further recruitment in the United States.
432
Jan. 25 (436) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that Chargé in France has been assured that recruiting for the Polish Army in the United States is being discontinued.
433
Jan. 27 The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew)
Communication from the Polish National Committee, January 25 (text printed), confirming that on January 23 the necessary orders were given to end recruiting in the United States for the Polish Army.
433

Belgium and Luxemburg

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 7 (636) The Minister in Belgium (Whitlock), Temporarily at Le Havre, France, to the Secretary of State
Explanation of peculiar situation of the territory of Moresnet; Belgian hope that it will be annexed to Belgium at the Peace Conference.
435
Nov. 11 Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide of Luxemburg to President Wilson (tel.)
Plea for the President’s intervention against the passage of German troops through Luxemburg, and for his protection of the rights and interests of Luxemburg at the peace negotiations.
436
Nov. 13 The Belgian Minister (Cartier) to the Secretary of State
Memorandum setting forth the Belgian Government’s attitude toward Luxemburg (text printed).
436
Nov. 15 The Belgian Minister (Cartier) to the Secretary of State
Hope that the U. S. Government will take into account certain facts which indicate the desire of the people of Luxemburg for a closer union with Belgium.
440
Nov. 16 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Instruction to inform Grand Duchess Marie that her request concerning the passage of troops has been transmitted to the Supreme War Council.
441
Nov. 21 The Belgian Minister (Cartier) to the Secretary of State
Information in regard to the political situation in Luxemburg.
441
[Page XLVI]Nov. 28 (158) The Minister in Belgium (Whitlock) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement by a deputy from Luxemburg that enlightened opinion there favors an arrangement looking to possible reunion with Belgium.
442
Dec. 7 (162) The Minister in Belgium (Whitlock) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Evidences that the French Government desires to annex Luxemburg.
442
Dec. 9 The Belgian Minister (Cartier) to the Acting Secretary of State
Hope that the U. S. Government will support the Belgian Government in its views in regard to restoring normal traffic on the lower Scheldt.
443
Dec. 15 (164) The Minister in Belgium (Whitlock) to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For Mr. Lansing: Refusal of Marshal Foch to allow Belgian troops to participate in the occupation of Luxemburg; Belgian Government’s desire for General Pershing’s assistance in the matter.
443
1919 Jan. 4 (69) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram from the Foreign Minister of Luxemburg (text printed) stating that his Government has cancelled its conventions with Germany and desires to begin negotiations for an economic understanding with the Entente countries.
444
Jan. 9 (83) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement that a note has been received from the Foreign Minister of Luxemburg giving the dates of the cancelled conventions.
445
Jan. 11 (Lux. 12) The Minister in the Netherlands (Garrett) to the Acting Secretary of State
Note from the Foreign Minister of Luxemburg, December 31, 1918 (text printed), announcing the cancellation of the conventions with Germany of November 11, 1902, as well as the treaty of October 25, 1865.
445

Aaland Islands

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 12 (1486) The Chargé in Sweden (Whitehouse) to the Secretary of State
Information that the Executive Committee of the Provincial Assembly of the Aaland Islands has addressed a message to President Wilson expressing the wish of the inhabitants that those Islands be joined to Sweden.
447
Nov. 25 (3213) The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Conversation with the King of Sweden, in which the King expressed his hope that President Wilson will help in settling the question of the Aaland Islands in such a way that they may become a part of Sweden.
447
[Page XLVII]

SCHLESWIG

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 21 (55) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
From Copenhagen: Report that a letter from Solf was read at a meeting at Aabenraa to the effect that the North Schleswig question would be settled on the basis of self-determination.
450
Nov. 30 (101) The Secretary of State to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
From Copenhagen: Report that a statement has been sent to Danish Government wherein the Danish population of North Schleswig ask Denmark to accept Danish part of that province and also to bring up North Schleswig question at the Peace Conference.
450
Dec. 5 (1930) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State
Request by the Danish Foreign Minister that the Associated Governments inform him as to what further measures his Government should take to obtain a solution of the Schleswig question.
450
Dec. 5 (1356) The British Chargé (Barclay) to the Acting Secretary of State
Proposal of the British Government to reply to the Danish Foreign Minister that his Government should place before the Allies an official request that the Schleswig question be considered by the Peace Conference; request for views of the U. S. Government.
451
Dec. 13 (2415) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp)
For the information of Colonel House: Three despatches from the Legation in Denmark in regard to the cession of North Schleswig (texts printed): (1) November 8, regarding political situation in Denmark, (2) November 8, enclosing a memorandum by the Danish Minister for Defense setting forth Denmark’s desire to regain only that part of Schleswig inhabited by Danes (text printed), (3) November 12, concerning German attitude in the matter.
452
Dec. 13 (3298) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Formal request by Danish Foreign Minister that the Peace Conference take under consideration the North Schleswig question.
456
Dec. 14 The Acting Secretary of State to the British Chargé (Barclay)
Statement that the U. S. Government is in accord with the British Government in regard to the action to be taken by the Danish Government.
457
Dec. 14 (1962) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State
Note from the Danish Foreign Minister, December 12, making formal request to the U. S. Government that the North Schleswig question be brought before the Peace Conference (text printed).
457
Dec. 21 (91) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Report of action taken in regard to Danish Foreign Minister’s request for information.
458
[Page XLVIII]1919 Jan. 3 (85) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement that Department has been informed that Danish Government has requested British Government to raise the Schleswig question at the Peace Conference.
458
Jan. 4 (2005) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Acting Secretary of State
Resolution by the leaders of the Electoral Association of North Schleswig, December 30, 1918 (text printed), reiterating their desire for a solution based on self-determination, and protesting German attempts at obstruction.
459
Jan. 7 The French Ambassador to the United States (Jusserand) to the Secretary of State
Information that the French Government is willing that the Schleswig question should be submitted to the Peace Conference; exchange of letters on the subject, December 10 and December 12, 1918, between the French Minister in Denmark and the Danish Foreign Minister (texts printed).
460
Jan. 9 The Secretary of State to the French Ambassador to the United States (Jusserand)
Expression of gratitude at receiving information contained in the exchange of letters.
461

RUSSIAN AFFAIRS

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Dec. 2 (1403) The Minister in Norway (Schmedeman) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Suggestion that the Associated Governments obtain access to the archives of the former German Government in order to secure information concerning the Bolshevik movement.
465
Dec. 2 (115) The Secretary of State to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Information in regard to the situation in various parts of Russia.
465
Dec. 2 (10300) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State
Letter from the diplomatic representative of Esthonia in London, November 26, protesting against acts of violence by the German Army in Esthonia (text printed).
467
Dec. 4 (3247) The Chargé in Denmark (Grant-Smith) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Information concerning the political situation in Finland, the Baltic provinces, and Lithuania.
468
Dec. 4 (227) Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Expression of appreciation for Department’s telegram No. 115, December 2, concerning the situation in Russia.
469
Dec. 6 (134) The Acting Secretary of State to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Opinion that Associated Governments might well consider suggestion of Minister in Norway concerning the archives of the former German Government.
470
[Page XLIX]Dec. 8 (241) Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Recommendation that the United States lend assistance in facilitating the return of Roumanian prisoners from Russia.
470
Dec. 9 (154) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Inquiry as to action taken or contemplated by the Supreme War Council in regard to critical condition of Russian officers now prisoners in Germany.
470
Dec. 10 Memorandum by Lieutenant A. A. Berle, Jr.
Report on the background and results of American economic intervention in Russia.
471
Dec. 11 (248) Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement that the situation of the Russian officers now prisoners in Germany has not been considered by the Supreme War Council.
476
Dec. 13 (Misc. 11) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement of the peace terms regarding Russia which the Russian Ambassador wishes to present to the Peace Conference (text printed).
476
Dec. 18 (183) The Acting Secretary of State to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Department’s opinion that the Peace Conference should consider the question of relief for the Russian officers in prison in Germany.
477
Dec. 24 (6752) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Department’s opinion that the Associated Governments should adopt a policy and plan in regard to (1) Russian prisoners in Germany and Austria and (2) German and Austrian prisoners in Russia.
477
Dec. 25 (43) The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Belief that the relief of Russian prisoners in Germany and Austria is a proper work for the American Red Cross.
478
Dec. [27] (11) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Secretary Lansing: Opinion that Great Britain, France, Italy, and the United States should agree on a joint expression of opinion in regard to Japanese activities in Siberia.
478
Dec. 27 (13) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Secretary Lansing: Information regarding Siberia; opinion that the United States cannot consent to Japanese control of the Chinese Eastern Railway.
479
Dec. 30 (36) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State
Letter from the representative of the provisional government of Latvia protesting! against violations of the armistice by German troops.
480
[Page L]Dec. 30 Memorandum by Mr. A. W. Dulles
Description of situation in Lithuania and Poland, and assertion that the moment seems propitious for cooperation between these two countries, with Allied assistance, to combat Bolshevism.
481
Dec. 31 (57) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State from Polk: Inquiry as to whether the President objects to the Acting Secretary’s appearing before an executive session of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to answer questions on the Government’s Russian policy.
483
1919 Jan. 2 (131) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Hope of being able to take up the Siberian railway situation with President Wilson on his return from London.
484
Jan. 2 (61) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Information that Red Cross War Council at Washington is of opinion that supplying Russian prisoners is beyond their scope; belief that matter requires concerted action of Associated Governments.
484
Jan. 6 (3408) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Desire of Lithuanians for U. S. troops and money to help stem Bolshevik tide.
485
Jan. 11 (250) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Statement that the President sees no objection to the Acting Secretary’s appearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
485

THE FAR EAST

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 14 The Chargé in Siam (White) to the Secretary of State
Information that Siamese Government has not formulated a program to present to the Peace Conference; indications of a hope that Allies will abrogate their extraterritorial rights in Siam.
489
Nov. 23 (2342) The Minister in China (Reinsch) to the Secretary of State
Report on China’s aims at the Peace Conference; principles of action on which it is believed necessary that the Great Powers agree; memorandum by the Adviser to the Chinese Government and a letter from the Legal Adviser to the Chinese Government, November 18, both on the subject of China’s position at the Peace Conference (texts printed).
491
Nov. 24 The Minister in China (Reinsch) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Conversation with the Foreign Minister in regard to the proposals which the Chinese delegates will probably make to the Peace Conference; opinion as to the considerations essential to a permanent settlement of Far Eastern problems.
507
[Page LI]Nov. 27 Memorandum by the Third Assistant Secretary of State (Long)
Conversation with the Chinese Minister concerning China’s program for the Peace Conference: (1) territorial integrity, (2) political sovereignty, and, (3) physical and economic independence.
509
Dec. 14 The Third Assistant Secretary of State (Long) to the Assistant Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Harrison)
Memorandum on the disposition of the ex-German islands of the Pacific Ocean now in the possession of Great Britain and Japan (text printed).
511
Dec. 16 (6648) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For Secretary Lansing: Information that the Japanese are trying to conclude an agreement with the Chinese in regard to the Shantung Railway.
515
Dec. 16 The Minister in China (Reinsch) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Request for instructions in regard to the desire of the Chinese Postal Administration to acquire the German post office in the Legation Quarter.
516
Dec. 21 The Acting Secretary of State to the Minister in China (Reinsch) (tel.)
Opinion that Chinese should not take possession of the German post office without consent of the protocol powers.
516
Dec. 21 (92) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Suggestion that the visit of President Wilson and Secretary Lansing to London might offer an opportunity for reaching a broad understanding with the British on the question of the Far East.
517
Dec. 24 (123) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement that U. S. Minister in China has been instructed that such matters as the internment of Germans and Austrians in China should await the results of the Peace Conference.
518
Dec. 24 The Minister in China (Reinsch) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Arrangements for the abolition of German-Austro-Hungarian privileges in China which the Allied representatives have recommended to their Governments should be adopted at the Peace Conference.
518
1919 Undated [Rec’d Jan. 5] (97) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Information that it appears that the Japanese are promising to support Chinese desires at the Peace Conference in return for a favorable settlement of the Shantung question.
519
Jan. 6 The Acting Secretary of State to the Minister in China (Reinsch) (tel.)
Instructions not to participate in recommendations set forth in Minister’s telegram of December 24, 1918.
520
[Page LII]Jan. 6 The Minister in China (Reinsch) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
To be transmitted to President Wilson: Report of Japanese manipulations in China which make it imperative that the Peace Conference work out a permanent settlement of the China question.
520
Undated Captain Stanley K. Hornbeck to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Opinion that the report of the Minister in China, telegraphed to the Department on January 6, is worthy of careful consideration by the Peace Commissioners.
525
Jan. 10 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
British memorandum (text printed) indicating desire of Allies to repatriate enemy aliens in China, and pointing out the unhappy results of Department’s decision that question must await the consideration of the Peace Conference; instructions to take appropriate action to cooperate with the Allies in this matter.
526
Jan. 11 (257) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Suggestion that Legation at Peking be instructed to say to Foreign Office that U. S. Commissioners will be unable to help China at the Peace Conference if Japan presents a fait accompli in Shantung.
528
Jan. 13 (214) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Statement that Legation at Peking is being instructed as suggested.
529
Jan. 15 (293) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Instructions as to action to be taken in regard to enemy aliens in China.
529

FINANCIAL QUESTIONS

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 13 (5830) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For McAdoo from Crosby: Opinion that the United States should retain freedom of action in the disposal of its resources after the war; belief that if private assets in Allied countries are used to a maximum they will suffice as a basis of credit for private needs.
533
Nov. 22 (2976) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Crosby from McAdoo: Views in regard to U. S. financial policies; belief that negotiations and decisions should be concentrated in Washington rather than in Inter-Allied bodies.
535
Dec. 7 (3330) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Crosby from McAdoo: Statement that questions concerning U. S. loans to Allies should not be decided at the Peace Conference, since Congress has expressly delegated authority in such matters to the Secretary of the Treasury.
537
[Page LIII]Dec. 11 (166) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Colonel House from McAdoo: Instructions given to Treasury representatives in Europe in view of indications that Allies may attempt to bring questions concerning U. S. loans into the Peace Conference.
538
Dec. 13 (6272) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For McAdoo from Crosby: Conversation with French Minister of Finance from which it seems that he has in mind some plan for cancellation or of connecting maturity of French obligations with payment of indemnities.
540
Dec. 13 Financial Protocol Signed at Trèves
Provision for conservation of German securities pledged to the French Government to serve as a guarantee for the collection of the common debt.
541
Dec. 18 The French Chargé (Chambrun) to the Acting Secretary of State
Information concerning the financial protocol signed at Trèves, December 13.
542
Dec. 19 (6674) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For Crosby from Rathbone: Statement that Treasury is not disposed to press France to discuss at this time questions relating to conversion of demand loans into long-time obligations.
544
Dec. 19 (65) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the President from Glass: Views in regard to certain aspects of the foreign loan situation.
544
Dec. 26 (82) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Glass from House: Recommendation that Mr. Norman Davis be appointed as a Commissioner in connection with the armistice discussions at Spa.
546
Dec. 31 (6808) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For Davis from Glass: Offer of appointment as suggested by House; instructions, so far as time is not occupied by special mission, to furnish President Wilson with financial advice on matters not touching foreign loans.
547
1919 Jan. 2 (66) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the President from Glass: Request for advice in regard to Crosby’s resignation as Special Finance Commissioner; reluctance to send an Assistant Secretary to Paris to head an organization to deal with financial questions which may arise in connection with the Peace Conference.
547
Jan. 2 The French Chargé (Chambrun) to the Acting Secretary of State
Inquiry as to whether the U. S. Government intends to designate a Commissioner to serve with the French representative in handling matters relating to Germany’s financial situation.
(Footnote: Acting Secretary’s reply on January 27 that Mr. Norman Davis had been appointed.)
549
[Page LIV]Jan. 2 The Special Commissioner of Finance in Europe (Crosby) to the Secretary of State
Request for an interview in view of indications that Jugoslavs intend to ask for greatly increased loans.
550
Jan. 3 (6614) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from Crosby: Points to be considered in regard to desire of Jugoslavs for increased loans.
550
Jan. 3 (137) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from the Commissioners Plenipotentiary: Inquiry as to whether Secretary would approve of appointment of Mr. Albert Strauss as financial adviser to the American Commission.
552
Jan. 3 (138) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Glass from Davis: Acceptance of appointment as Commissioner in connection with armistice discussions at Spa. Information that the President has also appointed him to Inter-Allied board to coordinate relief work.
552
Jan. 6 (112) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the President from Glass: Fear that there may be confusion in regard to Treasury representatives in Europe; suggestion that a Treasury Commission in Europe be created with Strauss as chairman, and including Davis, Lamont, and Crosby.
553
Jan. 7 (186) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Glass: Request for approval of Davis to act as Treasury representative on a council to coordinate the work of different departments in determining U. S. policies to be pursued in the peace negotiations.
555
Jan. 8 (206) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Two letters from the President to Davis, January 6 (texts printed), to serve as Davis’ credentials to act as U. S. Finance Commissioner in the armistice discussions until his commission is issued by the Secretary of State.
556
Jan. 9 Mr. Norman H. Davis to Colonel E. M. House
Arrangements concerning representation at Spa and Mayence conferences and assistance to Relief Council and Peace Commission.
557
Jan. 9 (163) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For House from Glass: Statement that if President Wilson approves suggestion of a Treasury Commission in Europe with Mr. Strauss as chairman, Mr. Strauss should also be Treasury representative on the council to coordinate activities of the different Departments.
558
Jan. 10 Mr. Norman H. Davis to Colonel E. M. House
Conditions which the French Government proposes to insert when renewing the armistice with Germany.
559
Jan. 10 (173) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Communication from the Alien Property Custodian in regard to property of subjects of the former Austrian Empire (text printed).
560
[Page LV]Jan. 10 (233) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Rathbone from Davis: Arrangements concerning representation at Spa and Mayence conferences and assistance to Relief Council and Peace Commission.
561
Jan. 11 (9) The Minister in Norway (Schmedeman) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram sent to the Department (text printed) asking for instructions in regard to a warning issued by the French Legation in respect to the financial protocol signed by the Allies and Germany at Trèves, December 13, 1918.
562
Jan. 11 (3448) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Request for instructions in regard to warnings given by French Minister to the Danish Foreign Office in respect to the financial protocol signed at Trèves, December 13, 1918.
562
Jan. 11 (252) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from the President: Suggestion that Crosby’s resignation as Special Finance Commissioner be accepted; belief that it is not necessary to create a Treasury Commission in Europe at present; approval of sending Strauss to advise with American Mission; fear, however, that he will not be able to remain long.
563
Jan. 11 The Special Commissioner of Finance in Europe (Crosby) to the Secretary of State
Extract from a telegram sent to the Secretary of the Treasury, January 9, in regard to U. S. funds to support a proposed increase in the Belgian Army.
564
Jan. 13 General Tasker H. Bliss to the Secretary of State
Opinion that the United States should not finance any increase in any military establishment in Europe and that present aid should be gradually reduced.
565
Jan. 13 (6721) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from Crosby: Report from Harris on economic situation in Italy (text printed), recommending that U. S. food credits should taper off and end completely about September.
566
Jan. 14 The Secretary of State to President Wilson
Decision to follow General Bliss’ advice in answering Mr. Crosby concerning the proposed increase in the Belgian Army.
567
Jan. 14 (278) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Secretary Glass from Colonel House: Opinion of the Commissioners that it would not be wise at present to appoint a Treasury Commission in Europe.
568
Jan. 14 (102) The Chargé in Denmark (Osborne) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram sent to Department, January 14 (text printed), reporting on results of French Minister’s warning to Danish Foreign Office.
568
[Page LVI]Jan. 15 (6746) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from Crosby: Indications that Venizelos intends to appeal for further credits to maintain Greek Army on preceding year’s level.
569
Jan. 15 (242) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Lansing from Glass: Information that Strauss is being sent to Europe for a short stay.
569
Jan. 15 (244) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the President from Glass: Information that action is being taken in accordance with telegram No. 252, January 11.
569
Jan. 15 (246) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Davis from Glass: Approval of appointment as Treasury representative on the council described in telegram No. 186 of January 7.
570
Jan. 17 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Approval of decision to follow General Bliss’ advice in answering Mr. Crosby concerning Belgian Army.
571
Jan. 21 The Secretary of State to the Special Commissioner of Finance in Europe (Crosby)
Statement that the United States should not finance any increase in any military establishment in Europe.
571

REPARATIONS

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 10 (11) The Special Representative (House) to President Wilson (tel.)
Recommendation, in view of enormous claims which France and Belgium will make on Germany, that U. S. engineers make an approximate estimate for U. S. Government’s guidance.
575
Nov. 17 (17) The Special Representative (House) to President Wilson (tel.)
Inquiry whether to proceed with estimate.
575
Nov. 22 The Italian Ambassador (Macchi di Cellere) to the Secretary of State
Observation that peace treaty should exempt property owned by Allied citizens in enemy countries from taxes for payment of war indemnities or should provide special indemnity for reimbursement of such taxes; desire to be informed of U. S. attitude.
(Footnote: Information to the Italian Chargé, December 24, that the question would receive attentive consideration.)
575
Nov. 23 (151) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Request to General Pershing, upon receipt of President’s authorization to proceed, for detail of officer to undertake estimate; assignment of Brigadier General C. H. McKinstry.
576
[Page LVII]Nov. 24 Brigadier General C. H. McKinstry to the Special Representative (House)
Recommendations regarding procedure to be followed in estimating damage to industries in the invaded parts of Belgium and France; preference for verification of Belgian and French estimates rather than independent investigation.
576
Nov. 30 (4162) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For Rathbone from Goodhue: Request for estimates of valuation of German Government and private property in the United States and U. S. Government and private property in Germany, total cost of war to the U. S. Government, and annual pre-war increase in U. S. national income.
580
Dec. 4 Colonel E. M. House to Brigadier General C. H. McKinstry
Instructions to proceed with estimate, consulting with French and Belgian officials as occasions require.
581
Dec. 4 Mr. D. H. Miller to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Uncertainty of final attitude of British as to indemnities; desirability of asking British, French, and Italians for definite formulation of attitude on this and financial questions generally.
582
Dec. 6 Mr. D. H. Miller to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Views of Keynes regarding question of indemnities.
582
Dec. 6 The Diplomatic Liaison Officer With the Supreme War Council (Frasier) to Brigadier General C. H. McKinstry
Letter from the French Foreign Minister to Colonel House, December 5 (text printed), advising that General McKinstry may communicate with the two French Ministers who are in charge of evaluation of damages in invaded portions of France, and stating that French investigation continues to show that losses are greater than previously supposed.
582
Dec. 12 (3406) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Crosby from Rathbone: Reply to Goodhue’s inquiries transmitted in telegram No. 4162 of November 30.
583
Dec. 12 Memorandum by the Advisory Counsel of the American Mission to the Inter-Allied Council on War Purchases and Finance (Cravath)
Presentation of some of the principal problems to be considered in the forthcoming discussions on indemnities, including a tentative program respecting indemnity to be paid by Germany, and preliminary conclusion that wisest course would be for Allies to err on the side of leniency and avoid subjecting Germany to an army of occupation for several years and to a crushing burden of external debt for a generation or more.
584
Dec. 21 (40) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Request for estimate of property of citizens of the old Austrian Empire and the present German-Austria de facto Government now held by the Alien Property Custodian; desire for information as to procedure for disposing of such property.
605
[Page LVIII]Dec. 22 General Tasker H. Bliss to Brigadier General C. H. McKinstry
Inability to furnish information, in reply to an inquiry from General McKinstry, as to who is going to make an estimate of what Germany can afford to pay; suggestion that matter be discussed with Colonel House.
606
Dec. 28 Memorandum by Dr. A. A. Young
Suggestion that U. S. policy with respect to indemnities be based on the principle that actual personal compensation is the purpose as well as the measure of the indemnity.
606
Dec. 30 Brigadier General C. H. McKinstry to the Chief of Engineers, American Expeditionary Forces (Langfitt)
Report on the nature and status of the work in connection with evaluation of war damages to France and Belgium.
608
1919 Jan. 1 Brigadier General C. H. McKinstry to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Presentation of certain questions discussed with Colonel House, and in general all questions relating to verification of French and Belgian war damages, to the Commission for determination.
611
Jan. 5 Memorandum by General Tasker H. Bliss for the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Recommendation that after certain groups of claims are formulated, American experts select a few claims for independent investigation and judge the approximate accuracy of the entire claim by the results.
616
Jan. 6 The Chief of Staff, American Expeditionary Forces (McAndrews), to the Chief of Engineers, A. E. F. (Langfitt)
Impossibility of furnishing the organization, equipment, and authority for expenditure of A. E. F. funds called for in General McKinstry’s report of December 30, 1918; willingness, however, to permit use of existing facilities.
618
Jan. 9 (211) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Desire of the Commission for a statement of the claims of American citizens against Germany.
619
Jan. 9 Memorandum by Mr. John Foster Dulles
Observations on the memorandum by Mr. Cravath, December 12, 1918.
619
Jan. 11 (186) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Information that Brazilian Government has instructed its Minister at Paris to present itemized claim for indemnities from Germany.
622
Jan. 21 (344) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram from the Alien Property Custodian (text printed) to be sent in reply to Commission’s telegram No. 40 of December 21, 1918, stating that the settlement of enemy debts in the United States as authorized by Congress is being continued, and outlining general principles for disposing of entire question of enemy debts and enemy property.
From Polk for the Secretary of State: Department’s belief that in general the Alien Property Custodian’s plan is a fair one.
622
[Page LIX]

FOOD RELIEF

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 7 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to President Wilson
Desire that Colonel House be informed of Mr. Hoover’s telegram to Mr. J. P. Cotton, Food Administration representative in London, and be advised that no arrangements for food relief for liberated populations should be undertaken until after Mr. Hoover’s arrival in Paris.
627
Nov. 8 President Wilson to the Secretary of Stale
Instructions to carry out Mr. Hoover’s request.
627
Nov. 8 (66) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Suggestion that as soon as the armistice is signed the President propose immediate formation of an international relief organization, to be headed by Mr. Hoover and composed of two representatives each from the United States, England, France, Italy, and Germany, and that Germany be asked to place her merchant marine at the disposal of this organization until the final peace treaty is signed.
628
Nov. 12 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Telegram from German Government asking whether U. S. Government will send food without delay if public order is maintained in Germany and equitable distribution of food is guaranteed (text printed).
629
Nov. 12 The Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)
Communication for German Government stating that President Wilson is ready to consider favorably the supplying of food to Germany (text printed).
629
Nov. 14 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to President Wilson
Need of appropriation to provide working capital for food relief to liberated peoples and neutrals; belief that German food problem could be handled through such agencies as the Army and the Grain Corporation, with possibly the Presidential fund.
630
Nov. 14 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to President Wilson
Telegraphic instructions to Mr. Cotton (text printed), in accord with President Wilson’s suggestion, to convey to Food Administration officials, Colonel House, and Mr. Cravath, statement of U. S. policy regarding food relief for other than Allied nations. Information for British Minister of Blockade that organization for distributing U. S. food to liberated parts of Europe must await Mr. Hoover’s arrival.
631
Nov. 18 (45) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
Telegraphic request from Austrian Government that Allied Powers and United States intervene in order that shipments of coal be sent forward from Bohemia and Moravia to avert imminent coal famine in Vienna (text printed).
(Similar message to the Ambassador in France on November 20, with instructions to confer with Colonel House and take such steps with Czechoslovak National Council as might seem desirable.)
632
Nov. 21 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Telegraphic plea from German-Austrian Government that U. S. and Allied Governments intervene with Czechoslovak National Council to obtain permission for export and transportation of coal into German Austria (text printed).
633
[Page LX]Nov. 21 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Telegram from German Government asking President Wilson’s support of German request to the Y. M. C. A. for relief of German prisoners of war and interned civilians (text printed).
634
Nov. 22 The Italian Ambassador (Macchi di Cellere) to the Secretary of State
Desire to learn U. S. opinion on appeals from Austrian-Hungarian Government that Allies and United States (1) remove restrictions on neutral commerce and permit export of clothing and medical supplies from Switzerland to Austria-Hungary, and (2) authorize their diplomatic missions at Berne to establish direct relations with Austrian-Hungarian Legation there for purpose of handling questions pertaining to the provisioning of Austria.
(Transmitted by the Department to the Commission to Negotiate Peace on December 19.)
635
Nov. 23 (150) The Minister in Roumania (Vopicka) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Inquiry if part of wheat shipment reportedly on the way to Europe could be sent to Roumania, where it is absolutely necessary.
635
Nov. 27 (6450) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
Assumption that Ambassador and Colonel House will bring all pertinent correspondence to Mr. Hoover’s attention; information that representations by Serbians and Montenegrins for food supplies have become pressing.
636
Nov. 27 (188) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Information that Mr. Hoover has arrived and that his plans are, with some alterations, in general as stated in telegram No. 66 of November 8; desire to present to Supreme War Council meeting at London on December 1 a written communication (text printed) setting forth plan for administration of relief under an American Director General.
636
Nov. 27 (189) The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Preliminary expressions by British and French financial and food officials with respect to proposed international relief plan.
639
Nov. 28 The Swiss Minister (Sulzer) to the Secretary of State
Communications from German Government (text printed) appealing for discussions between American and German plenipotentiaries at The Hague regarding food relief for Germany and asking that a German mission be permitted to come to the United States to present statement of food conditions in Germany.
640
Nov. 28 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Desire that Colonel House be authorized to propose his plan, on the understanding that Mr. Hoover agrees.
641
Nov. 28 (2) The Chairman of the United States Shipping Board (Hurley) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Objections to shipping features of relief plan on ground that they amount to surrender of control of American shipping to foreign bodies.
642
[Page LXI]Nov. 29 (90) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
Authorization of the President, assuming Mr. Hoover agrees, to propose relief plan.
643
Nov. 29 (99) The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
For Colonel House and Hoover: Note from the Italian Ambassador (text printed) requesting U. S. opinion on suggestion that food supplies for Austria-Hungary be decided upon at Zurich, for Germany at Paris, and for Turkey and Bulgaria at London; information that Department has replied that Mr. Hoover is authorized to take charge of all such matters on behalf of the U. S. Government.
643
Dec. 1 President Wilson to the Secretary of State
Concurrence in Mr. Hurley’s views regarding American shipping; instructions to advise him to this effect, asking that he explain to Colonel House that this was an aspect of the arrangement which the President had not taken in.
643
Dec. 1 (6482) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For Hurley: President’s agreement with Mr. Hurley’s position; request that conference be held with Colonel House.
For the Ambassador: Instructions to advise Colonel House of the foregoing.
644
Dec. 1 (210) Colonel E. M. House to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Hoover to the Food Administration: Instructions to ask Secretary of War to order nearby steamers to Trieste in order that A. E. F. may receive and hold food stocks until Inter-Allied matters are settled.
644
Dec. 1 (213) Colonel E. M. House to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Information that mistake had been made in respect to proposed disposition of enemy passenger ships, that this error has been corrected, and that Mr. Hurley now gives his approval of plan; intention to propose plan in formal communication to Mr. Balfour, M. Pichon, and Baron Sonnino rather than to Supreme War Council.
645
Dec. 1 (214) Colonel E. M. House to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President from Hoover: Inquiry whether immediate working capital of $5,000,000 for relief might be appropriated from Presidential fund.
Request that copy be given to Food Administration, with Hoover’s instructions that message be followed up.
645
Dec. 1 Colonel E. M. House to the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Balfour)
Memorandum containing the President’s views on food relief and proposing the creation of an American Director General of Relief (text printed); desire for British views.
(Footnote: Similar communications apparently sent on the same date to M. Pichon and Baron Sonnino.)
646
Dec. 4 Mr. D. H. Miller to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Understanding that at previous day’s meeting of Premiers, Piesident’s note regarding relief was referred to a committee; observation that this means postponement of question until President’s arrival.
648
[Page LXII]Dec. 5 (127) The Acting Secretary of State to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
From President Wilson: Instructions to inform Mr. Hoover that the terms of the appropriation for national security and defense would not justify making the allotment referred to in telegram No. 214 of December 1.
648
Dec. 6 Mr. D. H. Miller to Colonel E. M. House (tel.)
Understanding that Lord Reading agrees in principle to administration of relief by Mr. Hoover but thinks that policies should be determined by a committee of the four Powers and not by the War Council.
649
Dec. 10 (10) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
German-Austrian Government’s plea that U. S. and British Legations intervene with Czechoslovak Government to allow coal to be forwarded to Vienna.
649
Undated Memorandum of a Conference on European Relief, Held in London, December 10, 1918
Decision of Allied representatives to submit a memorandum to the War Council expressing agreement in principle with the President’s plan for food relief, embodying the exception that the only question is the method of approaching the Germans on the shipping problem.
649
Undated Statement Furnished by Messrs. Hoover and Davis to the Committee Appointed by the Allied Premiers To Consider Relief Matters, London, December 10, 1918
Difficulties in the relation of the United States to the relief problem; views as to internal organization of the Directorate General of Relief.
651
Dec. 11 (15) The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Swiss communication (substance printed) stating decision of neutral diplomatic missions at Vienna to call Associated Governments’ attention to the disastrous situation in Vienna regarding coal supply and to ask that they intervene with Czechoslovak Government.
654
Dec. 12 Report of the Committee Appointed by the Allied Premiers To Consider Victualling and Supply of Allied, Neutral, and Enemy Countries
Recommendation that the present U. S. Food Administrator act as a mandatory of the Allied and U. S. Governments in the actual administration of relief in accordance with directions of a council to be composed of two representatives of each Government.
654
Undated Memorandum by Messrs. Hoover, Davis, and Cotton
Analysis and comparison of the plans of President Wilson and the plans of the Premiers’ representatives; recommendation that, rather than attempt immediate solution of the points of entire difference in fundamental principle, the President propose that U. S. Government take action to remedy the critical situations in Vienna, German-Austria, Serbia, and elsewhere by furnishing such supplies as may be available, suggesting that Allies cooperate and take similar action.
658
[Page LXIII]Dec. 12 The Chairman of the United States Shipping Board (Hurley) to President Wilson
Conviction that any commercial concessions or assurances in connection with relief plan should come directly from the President, so that his larger task in connection with a League of Nations may be made easier.
661
Dec. 13 The British Ambassador to the United States (Reading) to the Food Administrator (Hoover)
Desire to be informed whether Mr. Hoover will accept terms of the report of the Allied Premiers’ committee or in what respects he disagrees.
664
Dec. 15 The Secretary of the American Embassy in France (Gibson) to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of dossier of memoranda and correspondence in regard to proposed relief plan, with information that Mr. Hoover will submit them to the President the same evening.
665
Dec. 16 (6321) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Hoover to Rickard: Instructions for conduct of Food Administration while settlement of relief matters is pending in Europe.
665
Dec. 16 (6317) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Hoover for Rickard: Report that little progress has been made after 2 weeks of negotiations; that because Jugoslav, Serbian, and South European situations have become acute, the President has instructed food officials to undertake emergency relief independent of Allied cooperation, at the same time inviting Allies to join the United States.
666
Dec. 16 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to President Wilson
Arrangements for Serbian, Jugoslav, and South Austrian relief; letter from Norman H. Davis, Special Representative of the Treasury, to President Wilson (text printed), seeking President’s approval of cable to Treasury with respect to advances to Serbian Government for relief purposes.
667
Dec. 16 (255) Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from the President: Instructions to pay immediately to Food Administration, Grain Corporation, $5,000,000 from fund for national security and defense.
670
Dec. 16 (256) Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of War from the President: Instructions to continue to forward foodstuffs to such ports as Mr. Hoover may direct.
670
Dec. 16 The Special Representative of the Treasury in Europe (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury: Recommendation that credit of $35,000,000 be established in favor of Serbian Government; approval of the President expressed in communication to the Secretary of the Treasury (text printed).
670
[Page LXIV]Dec. 16 Colonel E. M. House to the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Balfour)
Decision of the President, pending further discussions of the entire relief problem, to instruct Food Administration to furnish food supplies to critical areas and to establish an organization to this end in certain places outside of Germany; invitation to send representatives to these points.
(Footnote: Similar communications apparently sent on the same date to M. Pichon and Baron Sonnino.)
672
Dec. 16 The British Ambassador in France (Derby) to Colonel E. M. House
Note to the French Government, dated December 15, relative to control of German merchant shipping (text printed); expression of hope that U. S. representative on Naval Armistice Committee will be instructed to press Germany to place her merchant shipping immediately at the disposal of the Allies for use in carrying food and supplies.
672
Dec. 17 Colonel E. M. House to the British Ambassador in France (Derby)
Willingness of the President to instruct U. S. representatives to join Allied colleagues in a demand that German tonnage be handed over unconditionally; his opinion, however, that if the tonnage is secured it should be used pursuant to the suggestions contained in his relief proposal of December 1.
(Communication of copy to M. Pichon and Baron Sonnino.)
674
Dec. 17 (39) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Communication from Swedish Legation, dated December 13 (text printed), stating that neutral diplomatic missions in Vienna have asked that Entente Powers request Government of Bohemia to permit coal shipments to Vienna.
676
Dec. 18 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Secretary of State
Recommendation that mission be sent to Poland to investigate food situation.
677
Dec. 19 The British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Balfour) to Colonel E. M. House
Opinion that no differences exist as to necessity for appointment of a Council of the four Governments to deal with relief; suggestion that Council be created at once, leaving to the representatives the matter of meeting and dealing with all questions.
678
Dec. 19 (31) The Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Instructions to urge Treasury to accede to recommendations for loan to Serbian Government.
679
Dec. 19 (59) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Opposition of War Trade Board to shipments suggested in Italian Ambassador’s note of November 22 until necessary relief measures by Mr. Hoover are determined.
679
Dec. 20 (6698) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For Crosby from Rathbone: Willingness to establish credit in favor of Serbian Government in amount of $15,000,000, with further credits if necessary and on request from Serbian Government.
679
[Page LXV]Dec. 20 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to President Wilson
Suggestion that Associated Governments issue immediate warning that they cannot accomplish food relief in Germany except through hands of a stable and experienced government and cannot anticipate furnishing it through hands of Bolshevist elements.
680
Dec. 21 (22) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Food Administrator (Rickard) (tel.)
From Hoover: Press reports in the United States of serious differences between Hoover and the Allies; instructions, if subject is being discussed, to hint at Hoover’s attitude of inability to accept domination of American resources by an Allied food council.
682
Dec. 21 (2) The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Chargé in Serbia (Dodge) (tel.)
Request that Serbian Government be urged to take immediate action in Washington toward financial arrangements so that release of foodstuffs may be begun.
682
Dec. 21 (48) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Hoover: Postponement of decision with regard to appeals from Vienna until Allies will agree to joint action with the United States.
683
Dec. 23 The French Minister for Foreign Affairs (Pichon) to Colonel E. M. House
Acceptance of President’s proposal that U. S. Government manage the administration of food relief; belief that questions can be settled by a competent organization as the general plan is gradually put into execution; suggestion that special council of two representatives of each of the four Powers be named. Information that representative has been sent to Berne to cooperate in connection with aid to Vienna and others have been instructed to assist in any enterprise for aid of Serbia and Jugoslavia.
(Footnote: Identical communication from Italian Foreign Minister.)
684
Dec. 23 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to President Wilson
Desire of Grain Corporation directors for approval of the President, as the sole stockholder, to extension of their operations outside U. S. territory.
686
Dec. 27 (9) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Telegram from Legation at Bucharest, dated December 20, pleading for immediate food relief to Roumania (text printed); request that telegram be transmitted to Hoover.
687
Dec. 30 The Embassy in France to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Note from Czechoslovak Foreign Minister, dated December 21 (text printed), observing incorrectness of Vienna Government’s claim that Czechs were opposed to revictualling of Vienna, as evidenced in telegram of Czechoslovak Council of December 17 (text printed).
687
[Page LXVI]Dec. 31 (10) The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Ambassador in Italy (Page) (tel.)
For Italian Food Minister: Concern over withdrawal by Italian representatives at London of January order for pork products; impossibility of withdrawing shipments; hope that instructions will be issued to reestablish the order. Information that Italian representatives are awaiting instructions regarding participation in 100,000,000–bushel grain purchase.
688
1919 Jan. 1 Colonel E. M. House to the French Minister for Foreign Affairs (Pichon)
Information that the President accepts M. Pichon’s suggestion of December 23 for a special council of two members from each of the four Governments, suggests that at first meeting the representatives state what participation and resources they can and will contribute, has appointed Mr. Hoover and Mr. Davis as American members, and has asked Mr. Hoover, as Director General of Relief, to call a meeting as soon as possible.
689
Jan. 1 (47) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
Letter from Colonel House to Mr. Balfour, handed to Lord Derby (text printed), containing copy of the letter to M. Pichon; instructions to hand Foreign Office a memorandum containing these letters.
690
Jan. 1 (13) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Ambassador in Italy (Page) (tel.)
Letter from Colonel House to Baron Sonnino, handed to Italian Ambassador in France (text printed), enclosing copy of the letter to M. Pichon; instructions to hand Foreign Minister a memorandum containing these letters.
690
Jan. 1 Copy of Telegram From the British Foreign Office to the British Ambassador in France (Derby)
For Colonel House: Information that M. Pichon’s letter of December 23 embodies British views, and if President Wilson concurs therein and so informs British Government, the respective Governments should proceed to nominate their representatives.
691
Jan. 1 The Special Representative of the Treasury in Europe (Davis) to Colonel E. M. House
Transmittal of a proposed cable to Rathbone regarding relief situation.
691
Jan. 1 (127) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from the President: Necessity of providing food and supplies to countries destitute of resources or credit; request that Congress make immediate appropriation of $100,000,000 available to the President for this purpose.
692
[Page LXVII]Jan. 2 (132) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Rathbone from Davis: Advisability of immediate action to prevent starvation and anarchy in Roumania; Hoover’s proposal for an advance of $5,000,000 to Roumania for expenditure through Food Administration or Grain Corporation to cover cost of supplies en route to Mediterranean which could be diverted to Roumania. Hoover’s decision to send 10,000 tons of flour into Vienna, in view of desperate situation there, paying for same out of Presidential fund.
693
[Jan. 2] (48) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Instructions to inform Secretary of the Treasury that immediate relief for Roumania is imperative; opinion that Roumania’s present state of hostilities entitles her to come within provisions of the law relating to Treasury advances.
695
Jan. 2 The Food Administrator (Hoover) to Colonel E. M. House
Request that Colonel House forward to Foreign Ministries copy of letter from Mr. Hoover to the three Food Ministers (text printed) recommending that certain foodstuffs of which a surplus exists in the United States be exempted from restrictions with regard to neutral and enemy trading.
695
Jan. 3 (142) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury: Extreme urgency of the action proposed by the President in telegram No. 127 of January 1.
698
Jan. 4 (98) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Information from Representative Swagar Sherley, Chairman of House Appropriations Committee, that it will be difficult to get the proposed relief appropriation without facts as to how the work will be done, what security, if any, will be given, and whether the other Powers will contribute their share.
698
Jan. 4 (154) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Glass from Davis: Assumption that position that all questions with reference to U. S. foreign loans should be discussed and disposed of in Washington does not exclude consideration and recommendations in respect to applications for loans for relief.
699
Jan. 4 Colonel E. M. House to the British Ambassador in France (Derby)
Request that British Government be informed, with respect to a telegram from Lord Reading stating that council should be appointed to decide questions of general policy and Mr. Hoover as mandatory should be entrusted with actual administration of the relief, that U. S. proposals have never contemplated that President’s appointee act as the mandatory of an Allied council.
699
[Page LXVIII]Jan. 4 (103) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Inability of Treasury Department to make proposed loan to Roumania unless (1) Roumania may be regarded as a belligerent within meaning of act of Congress, (2) Roumanian representative in Washington has authority to sign obligations, and (3) loan is to be used for the purpose contemplated by the act of Congress; or unless President directs Treasury to make loan as a matter of policy.
700
Jan. 4 The French Minister of Commerce (Clémentel) to the Food Administrator (Hoover)
Information that a communiqué has been given to press (text printed) for the purpose of dispelling impression created by American communiqué that the United States has undertaken relief of the liberated areas of France and Alsace-Lorraine.
701
Jan. 4 (Food 167) The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Acting Food Administrator (Richard) (tel.)
Letter to British Food Ministry, January 2 (text printed), stating that the problem of surplus production in the United States has become acute, and with reduction of British orders an extremely critical situation has arisen which must be solved.
703
Jan. 4 (11) The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Urgent need of Bulgaria for flour.
(Request to repeat to Department.)
704
Jan. 5 (Food 173) The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Acting Food Administrator (Richard) (tel.)
Information with respect to relief now being furnished by the other Allied Governments to Serbia, Syria, South Austria, and Belgium; urgency of action by Congress on proposed relief appropriation.
704
Jan. 6 (51) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Hoover from Crespi: Dispatch of instructions to accept 20,000 tons of pork for January and to accept Italian share of grain purchase.
705
Jan. 6 (177) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Summary of present relief plans to be administered by Hoover with aid of Allied council; other information in support of proposed relief appropriation.
705
Jan. 6 (107) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Urgency of some expression from Secretary before appropriation question comes up in House; message from Chairmen of Senate and House appropriations committees reporting existence of considerable opposition and inquiring how much money England, France, and Italy will provide (text printed).
707
[Page LXIX]Jan. 6 (120) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Hoover: Letter from French Chargé, dated December 21, 1918 (text printed), suggesting that Allies, in their humane feelings toward Austria and sympathy for plight of Vienna as to coal, not forget that Czechoslovak State is still laboring under Austrian intrigues which are even now being carried on.
707
Jan. 7 (6879) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
From Rathbone for Davis: Readiness of Treasury to advance $5,000,000 against Roumanian obligations to pay for American foodstuffs when Department of State has advised that legal difficulties are cleared.
708
Jan. 7 (6881) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For Davis from Rathbone: Instructions to receive and study all applications for relief loans.
709
Jan. 7 (131) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the President from Glass: Transmittal to Congress of the President’s request for $100,000,000 relief appropriation; optimistic attitude.
709
Jan. 7 (138) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Fear of Chairman Sherley that difficulties will arise; his desire for all available information.
709
Jan. 8 (Food 192) The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Acting Food Administrator (Rickard) (tel.)
Instructions to announce that President has signed license cancellations list No. 1, effective January 10; summary of economic factors to be taken into consideration with respect to commodity regulations still outstanding.
710
Jan. 8 (203) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Senator Lodge from Mr. Henry White: Arguments for immediate granting of President’s request for $100,000,000 relief appropriation.
711
Jan. 9 (163) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the Secretary of State: Information from Chairman Sherley that Rules Committee refused special ruling for relief appropriation bill, and that without further information he is powerless.
712
Jan. 9 (215) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Treasury from the President: Existence of extremely dangerous situation in Roumania; strong approval of the $5,000,000 advance to Roumania so as to allow shipment of urgently needed food pending relief appropriation now in Congress.
712
[Page LXX]Jan. 9 (216) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For the Secretary of War from the President: Letter from Hoover reporting British withdrawal of customary monthly orders on behalf of Allied Governments and predicting debacle in American market unless situation is remedied (text printed), and his memorandum for presentation to Allied Premiers (text printed). President’s query whether, if Hoover’s plan does not succeed, War Department should not make the necessary purchases and ship the material to Europe for distribution under its direction as a military measure.
713
Jan. 9 (169) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From the Secretary of State for Polk for Sherley: Information that American mission of investigation to Czechoslovakia has recommended immediate dispatch of additional supplies.
715
Jan. 9 (170) The Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel).
For Polk for Sherley: Message from Hoover’s representative in Serbia and neighborhood territories (text printed), stating urgent need for two or three cargoes of mixed provisions.
(Instructions to give copy to Food Administration.)
716
Jan. 9 (172) The Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Polk for Sherley: Telegram from Polish Government, dated January 3 (text printed), appealing for food, clothing, and transportation facilities for relief cargoes.
716
Jan. 9 (173) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel)
For Polk for Sherley from Lansing: Message from Allied mission at Vienna (text printed) stating authorization to ship Austria 30,000 tons without regard to immediate financial arrangement, and advising that condition is very urgent.
717
Jan. 11 (239) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Information as to Allied willingness to contribute relief; instructions to furnish Chairman Sherley with all appeals for assistance; strong recommendation for passage of bill.
717
Undated [Rec’d Jan. 12] (198) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Auchincloss: Intention of Chairman Sherley to bring up food appropriation bill; his desire to learn names and appointment dates of representatives of the other Governments on Hoover’s Inter-Allied Relief Commission.
718
Jan. 12 (260) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Auchincloss: Names of British and French representatives on the Inter-Allied Relief Commission; understanding that Italian delegates are en route.
(Footnote: Information that first meeting of this body, known as the Supreme Council of Supply and Relief, was held at Paris on January 11; that on February 25 the name was changed to the Food Section of the Supreme Economic Council.)
718
[Page LXXI]Jan. 12 (68) The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Hoover from Crespi: Information that Attolico will represent Italy at first meeting of Relief Commission, and that the two permanent delegates will be appointed soon.
719
Jan. 13 The Special Representative of the Treasury in Europe (Davis) to President Wilson
Understanding that Mr. Hoover is preparing statement of Roumanian need for food and that Department of State is clearing up legal aspects of the proposed credit of $5,000,000; transmittal, for the President’s signature, of letter to the Secretary of Treasury.
719
Jan. 13 (6947) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For Davis from Rathbone: Information that President’s message contained in telegram No. 215 of January 9 is regarded as sufficient to authorize use of credits in favor of Roumania and that necessary advices from the Department of State are being awaited.
720
Jan. 15 (245) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For the President from Glass: Readiness to make advance to Roumania when essential requirements imposed by loan statutes are met; statement of Treasury’s attitude toward artificial maintenance of commodity prices.
720
Jan. 16 (305) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Military information leading to opinion that Roumania should be regarded as belligerent within meaning of act of Congress; instructions to advise Secretary of the Treasury and to cable whether Roumanian representative has received authority to sign obligations.
721
Jan. 18 (303) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Information that Roumanian representatives are still without authority to sign obligations; inquiry whether authority might be forwarded by Premier Bratiano in Paris; telegram to Legation at Bucharest (text printed) instructing that Roumanian Government be advised of necessity to confer full powers upon representative in the United States.
722
Jan. 20 (356) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
From Lansing: Receipt and approval of Roumanian Premier’s authorization to Chargé in Washington to execute obligations; suggestion that, with this and other information already supplied, Department furnish Treasury Department with the information requested.
723
Jan. 23 (397) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
For Rathbone from Davis: Assumption that letter from the President to the Secretary of the Treasury approving extension of credits to Roumania (text printed) is no longer needed, in view of telegram No. 6947 of January 13; request to be advised when funds are made available.
723
[Page LXXII]Jan. 25 (414) The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Davis from Rathbone: Information that everything is in order to establish $5,000,000 credit to Roumania and to make advances therefrom, as well as additional advance of $1,000,000 to Czechoslovak Government from credit previously established, as soon as requests therefor are received.
724

THE BLOCKADE AND REGULATION OF TRADE

Date and number Subject Page
1918 Nov. 9 (5779) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from McFadden: Recommendations regarding post-armistice policy.
(Copy to Auchincloss.)
729
Nov. 14 (2813) The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Desire for opinion of Allied Blockade Committee regarding changes to simplify procedure respecting Northern Neutrals.
(Instructions to repeat to Christiania, Copenhagen, and Stockholm.)
731
Nov. 15 (3756) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For McCormick, War Trade Board, from Sheldon: Recommendation for immediate decision on question of continuation of Allied control of raw materials, shipping, and trade.
732
Nov. 15 (3765) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Tentative proposals of A. B. C. for relaxation of blockade.
733
Nov. 16 The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Expectation that foreign organization will be maintained; request for suggestions as to any change of blockade policy during armistice period.
(Footnote: Sent also to other diplomatic missions for War Trade Board representatives.)
734
Nov. 16 (2854) The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board, for Frothingham: Continuance of strict censorship except with respect to press; continuance of enemy trade restrictions.
735
Nov. 16 (2855) The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Intention to advise promptly of any relaxation of U. S. export or import restrictions; desire for frank interchange with British Government on the subject.
(Instructions to inform Stevens, Rublee, and Tower, and to repeat to McFadden.)
735
[Page LXXIII]Nov. 18 (1843) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Italy (Page) (tel.)
For Stewart from War Trade Board: Importance of maintaining close and sympathetic relations with representatives of Associated Governments.
736
Nov. 19 (2904) The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Instructions to discuss with British authorities U. S. proposal for mutual arrangement to give advance notification of proposed relaxations of import restrictions.
736
Nov. 19 (6338) The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board: Approval of recommendations regarding post-armistice policy; views on blockade and Inter-Allied blockade organizations.
(Repeated to the Chargé in Great Britain, for Sheldon, on November 21.)
737
Nov. 21 The Secretary of State to All American Missions and Consulates (cir. tel.)
From War Trade Board: Instructions to give publicity to press notice for release on November 22 (text printed), which states that although there will be considerable relaxation in exportation of commodities heretofore conserved for war purposes, tonnage will continue to be the controlling factor.
738
Nov. 21 The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Instructions to give publicity to press release to be published November 22 (text printed), regarding relaxation of export regulations, restriction resulting from scarcity of tonnage, and continuance in full effect of the Trading with the Enemy Act.
(Sent also to Embassies in Argentina, Brazil, France (for McFadden), and Japan.)
739
Nov. 22 (3944) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Formal draft of blockade and trading with enemy policy formulated by A. B. C. and British Government for submission to Washington, Paris, and Rome for approval (text printed).
740
Nov. 23 (3966) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Inability of Rationing and Statistical Subcommittee to agree to suggested restricted list of imports to Northern Neutrals because of delay involved; their recommendation to A. B. C. for temporary free list. Desire to be informed of acceptability of procedure and of the free list transmitted in this telegram.
741
Nov. 25 (3037) The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Instructions to ascertain attitude toward U. S. proposal to establish blanket license for export to France, Great Britain, Italy, and colonies, of all commodities except certain foodstuffs and possibly a few other articles. Establishment of blanket license for export of cotton to France, Great Britain, Italy, and Japan, effective December 2.
(Sent also, on November 23, to the Ambassador in Italy, for Stewart, and to the Ambassador in France, for McFadden.)
742
[Page LXXIV]Nov. 26 (3072) The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board, for Frothingham: Comments on tentative A. B. C. proposals for blockade relaxation.
(Instructions to advise Paris and Rome of substance of this cable.)
742
Nov. 26 (4078) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Frothingham: Request for views on proposed reduction of statutory list and General Black List A; report of A. B. C. discussions.
743
Nov. 27 (3098) The Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Information that Embassy’s telegram No. 3944 of November 22 has now been received and that Board’s views as set forth in Department’s telegram No. 3072 of November 26 need not be modified.
744
Nov. 29 (4158) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: British view that proposed blanket license for U. S. exports should not be established until British import restrictions have been removed to a greater extent; their suggestion for general permission to export to Great Britain only articles for which British have issued a general license to import.
744
Nov. 30 (4185) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon, for Woolley and Gay from Peterson: Arrangement for reciprocal exchange of information with Board of Trade concerning relaxation of import restrictions.
745
Dec. 4 (3224) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Information that Board agrees to list proposed in Embassy’s telegram No. 3966 of November 23 but believes it to be entirely inadequate; proposal to grant licenses for export to Scandinavia, Holland, and Switzerland, reporting same to London after granting, of manufactured articles generally, and referring to London before granting licenses for major foodstuffs and raw materials; desire for opinion of A. B. C; instructions to supply interpretation of the term “free list.”
745
Dec. 5 (4330) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Letter from Board of Trade (text printed), notifying of removal of certain import restrictions.
746
Dec. 6 (4385) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Information that articles on free list will be released from restrictions for Northern Neutral destinations, that as export licenses for free list goods will be required only at discretion of exporting country, it will be possible for the goods to go to firms on confidential list but not to a statutory list consignee; plan to announce list on December 10, to be effective on December 15; consideration by A. B. C. of U. S. suggestions to add to scope of list.
747
[Page LXXV]Dec. 7 (3334) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Intention to release announcement that after December 16 no individual licenses will be required for shipments to Great Britain except for a limited list; public announcement (text printed) of suspension by British of import restrictions on certain commodities and of procedure for exporting under special export license rather than individual export licenses.
748
Dec. 10 (3354) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Instructions to urge A. B. C. to increase rations of all commodities to neutral countries of Europe, or at least to increase cotton rations to the Northern Neutrals; suggested modification of general procedure regarding Northern Neutrals (summary printed).
750
Dec. 10 (3358) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board, for Frothingham: Opinion, in agreement with British, French, and Italian representatives, that it is undesirable at present to undertake any important revision of statutory or confidential lists or changes in enemy trade restrictions.
752
Dec. 10 (3367) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Inquiry as to what, if any, proposals have been formulated by the A. B. C. regarding shipments to Serbia, Bulgaria, and Turkey, including Syria.
752
Dec. 11 (4513) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Frothingham: Inquiry whether opinion expressed in Department’s telegram No. 3358 of December 10 applies in respect of neutral Europe or specifically to Latin American countries.
752
Dec. 12 (4549) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Information that A. B. C. has given conditional approval to resumption of trade with Alsace-Lorraine, Trieste, Trentino, Syria, and Palestine, and is considering question of Luxemburg, Roumania, and Serbia; no resumption of trade with Bulgaria and Turkey under consideration.
753
Dec. 13 The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Notification to representatives of European neutrals that purchases may now be made in the United States without restriction as to obtaining of a license before purchase is made.
(Sent also to diplomatic missions in Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland for War Trade Board representatives.)
754
Dec. 13 (4599) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Information that A. B. C. agrees in principle to increase of Northern Neutral cotton ration.
754
[Page LXXVI]Dec. 13 (3527) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Instructions to keep Board fully informed as to any proposed resumption of trade with enemy territory now under Allied occupation, especially Alsace-Lorraine.
755
Dec. 13 (4600) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Concurrence by A. B. C. in discontinuance of reference to London of export license applications, provided Board is protected by receipt of import certificate numbers from all Northern Neutrals.
755
Dec. 14 The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Proposed issuance, December 16, of general license R. A. C. 63, permitting exportation, without the issuance of individual licenses, of all commodities not on conservation list to United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Japan, including colonies.
(Sent also to Embassies in France, Italy, and Japan, for War Trade Board representatives.)
755
Dec. 14 (4613) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Suggestions by A. B. C. for safeguards in connection with discontinuance of reference to London of export license applications.
756
Dec. 14 (3549) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Information to Danish and Swedish commercial representatives that ration increase will be recommended for practically all articles.
(Instructions to repeat to Denmark and Sweden.)
757
Dec. 14 (6629) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board: Understanding that contingents will be fixed by military authorities and Inter-Allied bureaus in Montenegro, Jugoslavia, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Roumania; inquiry whether U. S. military authorities will be represented and whether export applications will be referred to a central or local bureau.
(Instructions to advise Sheldon.)
757
Dec. 14 (3420) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Increasing impracticability of continuing to control shipping through restriction of imports; intention to remove greater part of import restrictions by February 1; observation that this freedom will apply only to the limited number of vessels freed from time to time from War Department control; desire for British views.
(Instructions to repeat to McFadden.)
758
Dec. 15 (6292) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Stetson: French preliminary plan for economic supervision of occupied German territory as far as west bank of the Rhine and bridgeheads (text printed); recommendation that Board approve plan and designate delegates to sit on proposed Inter-Allied committees at Paris and in occupied territory.
759
[Page LXXVII]Dec. 17 (3470) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Concern over precipitous nature of London announcement of December 10; observation that abolition of confidential list is contrary to Board’s view; inquiry whether free list can be withdrawn by British; decision to publish on December 20, effective December 23, a so-called nonration list covering manufactured articles generally which will require individual licenses.
761
Dec. 17 (6336) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Taylor: Suggestion that U. S. rules be modified to agree with Allied laws permitting trade with enemy subjects in occupied areas; information that Alsace-Lorraine is as open as any French territory.
762
Dec. 17 (6340) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Taylor: Advice that no agreement has been made that consignments to Adriatic ports should depend on import authorization from Inter-Allied bureau, and that no such organization exists at present.
762
Dec. 18 (4701) The Chargé in Great Britain (Laughlin) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Resumption of trade with Mesopotamia, effective January 1, 1919.
762
Dec. 18 (4720) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: A. B. C. decision to increase Scandinavian cotton rations; consideration of increase of Dutch cotton rations.
763
Dec. 20 (6385) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Stetson: Note from French Ministry of Blockade, dated December 18 (text printed), requesting designation of U. S. delegate to Inter-Allied committee to regulate economic matters in occupied territory on left bank of the Rhine.
763
Dec. 20 (3572) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Understanding that in connection with free list for Northern Neutrals, the British propose to refuse licenses only to consignees on statutory list. Importance of unity of U. S. and British action.
764
Dec. 20 (3580) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Willingness to allow unlimited ration of manufactured cotton to neutral countries; desired that matter of ration increase for all commodities to neutral Europe be taken up with A. B. C. without delay.
765
Dec. 20 (4772) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Request of British, French, and Italian representatives on A. B. C. that action proposed in Department’s telegram No. 3470 of December 17 be withheld until receipt of statement of their position.
765
[Page LXXVIII]Dec. 20 (4781) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Statement of British, French, and Italian representatives on A. B. C. (text printed), explaining that War Trade Board’s publication on December 20 of its unrationed list has placed the other Governments in an awkward dilemma, and proposal that, if notice cannot be revoked, its effect be nullified by confining actual issuance of licenses within the limits of the agreed rations as extended from time to time by A. B. C.
766
Dec. 20 (6701) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel)
For McFadden from War Trade Board: Inquiry as to what organization is being set up to control trade to countries under military occupation and control other than Alsace-Lorraine; need for central bureau to keep Allied countries informed of permissions to trade.
767
Dec. 20 (4789) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Feeling of British and French representatives on A. B. C. that their earnest desire to cooperate is not wholly appreciated; instances of their cooperation.
768
Dec. 21 (3595) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Message to be repeated to Athens, for Weddell (text printed), advising intention to make public announcement on December 26 that, effective January 1, 1919, licenses will be issued freely for shipments to Greece without prior reference to Athens.
768
Dec. 21 (3596) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Approval of procedure suggested in Embassy’s telegram No. 4613 of December 14; intention to make announcements on December 26 to become effective immediately.
769
Dec. 21 (4817) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Correctness of understandings as to free list; intention to propose to A. B. C. modification of previous decision in order to prevent consignment of free list goods to individuals on confidential list; British views on measures to be adopted for further relaxations.
770
Dec. 21 (6713) The Acting Secretary of Slate to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board, for Taylor from McCormick: Instructions to act as U. S. representative on Paris committee to formulate policies for Rhine area.
771
Dec. 21 (6717) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board, for Taylor: Desire for specific information with respect to shipments to Trieste, other Adriatic ports, and Alsace-Lorraine.
772
[Page LXXIX]Dec. 23 The Acting Secretary of State to Certain American Missions and Consulates (cir. tel.)
From War Trade Board: Information that nearly all commodities are freely licensed for export; list of commodities under limited restriction for conservation reasons on December 21.
(Sent to all missions except those in Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland.)
772
Dec. 23 (4831) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: A. B. C. modification of free list to prohibit consignment of free list goods from United Kingdom and France to firms on confidential list.
772
Dec. 23 (4838) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Belief of A. B. C. that such reexport of free list articles as might occur would not be seriously objectionable, but that guarantees against reexport to the Central Powers, Russia, or Finland should be obtained insofar as practicable.
773
Dec. 23 (6439) The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Taylor: Opinion that restriction in foodstuff and manufactured goods to neutral nations is becoming disadvantageous, and that protection against seizure of world markets by neutral nations can be maintained by control of raw materials.
774
Dec. 24 (40) The Food Administrator (Hoover) to the Acting Food Administrator (Rickard) (tel.)
Statement for release to press from Washington office (text printed), advising that Mr. Hoover has proposed that normal trade be allowed to proceed for the present in shipments of pork products and condensed milk to all European neutrals, and announcing readiness of U. S. Shipping Board to assist neutrals having insufficient shipping of their own.
774
Dec. 24 (4839) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Information that proclamation is soon to be issued providing trade resumption, effective January 1, 1919, with Alsace-Lorraine and the new Italian territories, omitting specific reference to Trieste and Trentino.
775
Dec. 24 (4841) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Supplementing information contained in Embassy’s telegram No. 4817 of December 21.
775
Dec. 24 (4855) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Addition by A. B. C. of pork, pork products, iron and steel and manufactures thereof except high speed steel, to free list, subject to Italian approval; request that Food Administration be notified.
777
Dec. 24 (3662) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Auchincloss from McCormick: Hope that no change in the censorship will be made; importance of maintaining enemy trading list and enemy trade restrictions.
777
[Page LXXX]Dec. 24 (6474) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Stetson: Advice from French Ministry of Blockade that Italian Government has permitted trade with Trentino since November 29; that the French consider it necessary that a committee be established in Paris to make simultaneous announcements to Allied countries regarding relaxation of restrictions. Intention to endeavor informally to secure cooperation of British and Italians so that information may be secured as to any changes they may make in lessening trade restrictions.
778
Dec. 25 (6490) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Stetson: Proposal by French Ministry of Blockade that Inter-Allied committees in occupied territory grant derogations or licenses to trade and that Paris committee determine policies under which licenses will be granted.
778
Dec. 25 (6489) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Stetson: Advice that the French intend to keep committee informal and uncomplicated.
779
Dec. 28 (4910) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Opinion that it should be made clear to neutrals that they may import pork and other free-list articles, and that there will be no objection to reexport in any direction.
779
Dec. 30 (6793) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board, for Taylor: Decision that, subject to Taylor’s approval, it will be proper for Stetson to represent Board on Inter-Allied committee at Paris.
780
Dec. 31 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of the War Trade Board (Hale)
Extract from Board minutes of December 30 (text printed) containing decision to advise Hoover that restrictions upon exportation of foodstuffs from Northern Neutrals to Germany should be maintained, and that U. S. food shipments to Germany should be made directly, with payments to be made in a manner approved by the Peace Conference.
780
1919 Jan. 1 (10) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Italian approval of A. B. C. action in placing pork on free list; development of British opposition which will probably be withdrawn; A. B. C. modification of action regarding iron and steel and manufactures thereof.
781
Jan. 3 (2) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Hoover from Sheldon: War Trade Board telegram of January 2 (text printed) communicating decision that commodities, including pork, should not be permitted to sift into enemy countries via neutrals, and that any foodstuffs should be shipped direct to enemy countries. Suggestion that pork be placed on unrationed list in order that importers will be required to give guarantees against reexport.
782
[Page LXXXI]Jan. 3 (45) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Minute adopted by A. B. C. (text printed), modifying interpretation of free list and providing for three principal lists: (1) free, (2) nonrationed, and (3) rationed.
783
Jan. 3 (3772) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Telegram for transmission to Legation at Stockholm (text printed) communicating opinion that present control of imports into Sweden should not be immediately and wholly abandoned.
784
Jan. 3 (3774) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Instructions to explain to British, French, and Italian representatives that list originally intended for publication on December 20 has never been published. Memorandum summarizing position with reference to exports to Northern Neutrals (text printed); instructions to submit to A. B. C. for consideration, and to repeat to Hoover and Taylor.
785
Jan. 4 (Food 172) The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Food Administration (tel.)
From Hoover: Report on status of food shipments.
789
Jan. 4 (6615) The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Stetson: Telegram from Stewart, at Rome, December 30 (text printed), advising that Italian Government will soon issue decree regarding trade with Trentino.
790
Jan. 4 (3797) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board, for Frothingham: Opinion that British must cooperate with U. S. missions in Latin America and Spain in the continuance of policy regarding detection of suspicious consignees; instructions to furnish information.
791
Jan. 6 (6870) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board: Approval of issuance by local Inter-Allied committees of licenses to trade in occupied territory, provided they are issued in accordance with policies formulated by Paris committee.
792
Jan. 7 (6884) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board, for McCormick from White: Increase in complaints regarding embargo on foodstuffs; opinion that, as surplus exists, there is no justification for withholding licenses; advice that action is delayed only in order that Hoover may be made acquainted with this position.
793
Jan. 7 (154) The Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
War Trade Board from Sheldon: Suggestion that certain commodities be placed on nonrationed rather than free list if control is desired, as free list is now a no-guarantee list.
793
[Page LXXXII]Jan. 8 (6900) The Acting Secretary of State to the Chargé in France (Bliss) (tel.)
For McFadden from War Trade Board, for McCormick: Objection to forcing pork shipments to uphold price in United States; opinion that any shipments of pork or other commodities which A. B. C. consider necessary for Central Powers to receive should be permitted openly.
794
Jan. 9 (3973) The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Public announcement of procedure for trading with Alsace-Lorraine (text printed).
794
Jan. 10 The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Removal from export licenses to Northern Neutrals of the condition that shipment must be made in vessels flying flag of country of destination.
(Sent also to diplomatic missions in France, Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden, for War Trade Board representatives.)
795
Jan. 13 The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Davis) (tel.)
For Sheldon from War Trade Board: Information that applications for export licenses to Allied countries are no longer being referred to Allied missions in Washington.
(Sent also to Embassies in France and Italy, for War Trade Board representatives.)
795