Learn about the beta

List of Papers

[Incoming papers are listed chronologically under date of receipt. Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

PART I: THE CONTINUATION OF THE WAR–PARTICIPATION OF THE UNITED STATES

The Conduct of the War–Discussions Regarding Peace

preparations for the entrance of the united states into the war

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5644 Feb. 9, 1917 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Proposes to compile résumé of British wartime legislation, etc., found to be of practical working value. 3
4427 Feb. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Authorization to compile résumé of British wartime legislation, etc. 3n
4518 Mar. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to Bell Inquiry regarding previous report on British handling of censorship, registration of aliens, etc., on outbreak of the war. 4
5818 Mar. 9 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Bell Locates desired reports concerning British handling of censorship, registration of aliens, etc., on outbreak of the war. 4
4551 Mar. 16 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Request for data concerning precautionary measures taken by belligerents during the war. 4
5880 Mar. 23 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Recommendation that U. S. admiral be sent to London for formal establishment of interchange of naval information and cooperation. 5
4586 Mar. 24 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Suggests interview with British Foreign Trade Bureau regarding cooperation. 6
5887 Mar. 24 [Rec’d Mar. 26] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British suggestion that upon entering the war the United States furnish troops immediately and establish liaison office in France. 6
5895 Mar. 26 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) States that much time was lost by Great Britain during early part of the war because of delayed action along certain lines. 7
4599 Mar. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Notification that an admiral will be sent to Great Britain to establish closer naval relations. 8
4631 Apr. 3 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Cooperation in handling shipping, munitions, and finances discussed with member of British Embassy. 8
Apr. 5 From the French Ambassador French mission to the United States proposed. 8
5946 Apr. 5 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British mission to the United States, headed by Balfour, proposed. 9
[Page XVIII]5945 Apr. 5 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Lassiter to Kuhn British offer of assistance in the United States in organizing censorship and training the army. 9
5941 Apr. 5 [Rec’d Apr. 6] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Recommends establishment of mission of experts by each of the two Governments in the Capital of the other. 9

the announcement of a state of war between the united states and germany, april 6—plans of cooperation with the allied powers: the british and french special missions

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Apr. 6 To diplomatic representatives in all countries except Russia (tel.) Announcement of a state of war between the United States and Germany. 11
3495 Apr. 6 To the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.) Morgenthau suggests representing to Turkey the advantages in maintaining friendly relations with the United States. 11
5949 Apr. 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes Balfour’s memorandum on chief needs of Allies and suggestions regarding U. S. assistance. 11
Apr. 8 To the French Ambassador A French mission will be welcomed. 13
4654 Apr. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) A British mission will be welcomed. 14
2135 Apr. 8 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Suggests that French and British Governments consult together in arranging visits of their respective missions to the United States. 15

severance of relations by austria-hungary, april 8–efforts to maintain relations with turkey–efforts to counteract agitation for peace in russia–plans of naval, military, and economic assistance to the allied powers

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1823 Apr. 8 [Rec’d Apr. 9] From the Chargé in Austria-Hungary (tel.) Quotes Austro-Hungarian note of Apr. 8, announcing severance of diplomatic relations with the United States. 15
2591 Apr. 4 [Rec’d Apr. 8] From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.) Turkey’s confidence of early peace encouraged by Germany. Rumors of Russian separate peace increase hope. 16
2595 Apr. 5 [Rec’d Apr. 9] From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.) Suggests plan to induce Turkey to abandon Germany and negotiate with the Entente. 17
2599 Apr. 5 [Rec’d Apr. 10] From the Ambassador in Turkey (tel.) Efforts to maintain friendly relations with Turkey. 18
[Page XIX]1168 Apr. 10 From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russia informed of U. S. entry into the war against Germany. Investigation regarding negotiations for separate peace. 18
568 Apr. 11 [Rec’d Apr. 12] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Peace terms which German Socialists would have their Government accept. 19
1308 Apr. 12 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Instructions to investigate report of possible peace terms between Germany and Russia. 19
4676 Apr. 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British commissioners are invited to become guests of the United States. 20
2147 Apr. 12 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) French commissioners are invited to become guests of the United States. 20
2007 Apr. 13 [Rec’d Apr. 14] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Personnel and approximate date of visit of French mission to the United States. 21
301 Apr. 14 From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Information that Great Britain and France have sent committees to Petrograd in effort to counteract agitation for separate peace. 21
300 Apr. 14 [Rec’d Apr. 15] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Swedish press reports that Russian labor and military representatives deliberate on Russian foreign policy and continuation of the war. 22
1192 Apr. 14 [Rec’d Apr. 15] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Interview with Miliukov on Socialists’ attitude toward separate peace. Revival of war spirit by Government. 23
5997 Apr. 14 [Rec’d Apr. 15] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sims to Navy Department Reports submarine situation, recommending prompt U. S. cooperation. 23
1321 Apr. 16 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Message from representatives of American Jewry to Foreign Minister offering cooperation with Russian brethren in opposing separate peace. 25
6007 Apr. 16 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British request that unit of troops be sent to England and France, and regiment of Irishmen from the United States be trained in Ireland. 26
591 Apr. 17 From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Tangible evidence that the United States is in the war might help nullify separate peace proposals in Russia. 26
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 18] Chief of Military Mission with the French Army to The Adjutant General (tel.) Quotes French recommendations regarding U. S. military cooperation. 27
300 Apr. 17 [Rec’d Apr. 18] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Political situation in Greece; advisability of sending diplomatic representative to Salonica. 28
[Page XX]6031 Apr. 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to the President The Prime Ministers of Great Britain and France to go to Italy for conference about possible peace with Austria. 28
6028 Apr. 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Sims Report on submarine operations and recommendations for opposing them. 28
593 Apr. 18 [Rec’d Apr. 191] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Berlin press reports demonstrations against cutting of bread rations and a strong; desire for peace. 29
1337 Apr. 19 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.): McRoberts to H. F. Meserve Statement that separate peace may prevent Russian participation in U. S. loan. 30
1339 Apr. 19 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Requests report on general conditions in Russia for publication, if facts warrant, to allay fears of separate peace. 30
304 Apr. 19 [Rec’d Apr. 20] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) The King of Greece proposes to form, under certain conditions, a new cabinet agreeable to the Entente. 31
926 Apr. 20 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Conference in France regarding Russian situation and Italian interests in eastern Mediterranean. 31
Apr. 20 [Rec’d Apr. 21] From the British Ambassador Suggests that the united States organize military hospitals for service in England and abroad, for use temporarily by the British. 31
300 Apr. 21 From the Russian Chargé Presents note of Russian Government on needs for the naval defense of Russian Arctic coast. 32
927 Apr. 21 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Report on Allied conference in France. 34
928 Apr. 21 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian mission to the United States announced. Socialist demonstration against war threatened. 34
6056 Apr. 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Sims Reports situation and urges maximum naval assistance immediately. 34

severance of relations by turkey, april 20–denials of russia’s intention to make a separate peace–the french plan of military cooperation–the situation with respect to submarine warfare: naval cooperation–the italian special mission–the situation in greece

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2639 Apr. 20 [Rec’d Apr. 22] From the Secretary of Embassy in Turkey (tel.) Turkey severs diplomatic relations with the United States. 35
1213 Apr. 21 [Rec’d Apr. 23] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russian assurances of no separate peace. 35
[Page XXI]1215 Apr. 21 [Rec’d Apr 23] From the Ambassador in Russia For publication: statement of Russian attitude toward separate peace. 36
317 Apr. 24 From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Information given by an American from Berlin regarding conditions in Germany and attitude toward the United States. 37
6078 Apr. 24 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sims to the President and the Secretary of the Navy Further report on submarine operations and recommendations for opposing them. 37
1217 Apr. 24 [Rec’d Apr. 25] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) In Russian-American meeting Russian officials show enthusiasm for U. S. recognition and deny intention of separate peace. 38
1225 Apr. 25 [Rec’d Apr. 26] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Quotes Russian Provisional Government’s appreciative reply to message of U. S. Jews assuring of no separate peace. 39
880 Apr. 26 [Rec’d Apr. 27] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Statement made by German Radical Socialist regarding basis for peace negotiations. 39
Apr. 27 Report on conference between Joffre and Chief of Staff, U. S. A. French plans for cooperation in setting up machinery for U. S. participation in the war. 40
Apr. 27 From the French Special Mission Presents program of military cooperation which France desires the United States to undertake. 44
6103 Apr. 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sims to the Secretary of the Report on critical situation caused by increased number of submarines operating. 46
6109 Apr. 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Reports critical situation caused by submarine successes and recommends immediate dispatch of all U.S. anti-submarine craft. 46
6114 Apr. 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sims to Secretary of Navy Reports pressing need of vessels, with repair and supply facilities to help break enemy submarine morale. 47
937 Apr. 28 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Personnel of Italian mission to the United States. 47
270 Apr. 28 To the Minister in Greece (tel.) Department’s questions relative to parliamentary elections and dissolution of Parliament not answered. 48
765 Apr. 30 From the Greek Chargé Greece seeks U.S. assistance to secure raising of Entente blockade. 48
340 May 1 From the Russian Chargé Request for participation in conferences between U. S. naval authorities and British commissioners regarding naval cooperation. 48
[Page XXII]317 Apr. 30 ] [Rec’d May 1] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Greek Provisional Government has sent commissioners to the United States to enlist volunteers to fight against Bulgaria and Germany. 49
316 Apr. 30 [Rec’d May 1] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Résumé of situation in Greece. 50
1366 May 1 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Object of British and French missions in the United States and of proposed Root mission to Russia. 50
1240 May 1 [Rec’d May 2] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Differences regarding Russia’s foreign policy adjusted satisfactorily without disturbances. 52
271 May 3 To the Minister in Greece (tel.) Proposed action by Venizelist commissioners in the United States impossible at present. 52
1370 May 3: Do the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Delivery of vessels ordered by Russia is promised, but sending of U. S. patrol boats to White Sea impossible at present. 52

note and declaration of the russian provisional government on the aims of the war, communicated may 3–message of the american federation of labor to the council of workmen’s and soldiers’ deputies on the terms of peace–discussions with the french and british missions–arrival of a permanent french high commissioner, tardieu–dispatch of the staff of the american expeditionary force–relations with bulgaria

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
343 May 3 [Rec’d May 4] From the Russian Chargé Presents Foreign Minister’s statement of Russia’s aims in the war. Enclosure: proclamation of the Provisional Government. 53
322 May 4 From the Minister in Greece (tel.) New ministry to be formed in Greece. 55
May 5 Notes on conference with British Special Mission Balfour discusses with Secretary of War and representatives of War Department and General Munitions Board subjects relating to American Expeditionary Force. 55
211 May 7 To the Russian Chargé Reply to request for participation in conferences between U.S. naval authorities and British commissioners regarding naval cooperation. 57
1385 May 7 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Message from American Federation of Labor to Executive Committee of Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Deputies in Russia urging united action against Prussian militarism. 57
799 May 7 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian mission will be welcomed. 59
May 7 [Rec’d May 8] From the Head of the British Special Mission Proposes discussion of munitions and form of assistance the United States will render. 59
[Page XXIII]1253 May 5 [Rec’d May 8] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Official explanation of Ministry’s note of May 3, which appeases Workman’s Committee. 60
6166 May 8 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sims to Secretary of Navy Reports heavy loss to shipping; urgently recommends augmenting of naval forces. 60
653 May 8 [Rec’d May 9] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Press report of discussion in German Diet of disposition of Belgium and deportation of Belgian workmen. 61
659 May 10 [Rec’d May 11] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Press statement of report in Reichstag on unexpected success of submarine warfare and confidence in final result. 62
893 May 11 [Rec’d May 12] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Germany aids Russian pacifists in returning to Russia to work for separate peace. 62
May 12 From the Japanese Ambassador Inquiry regarding subjects to be taken up with proposed Japanese mission to the United States. 62
May 15 To the Japanese Ambassador Recommends course to be pursued in sending Japanese mission to 63
867 May 15 [Rec’d May 16] From the Greek Chargé Presents Foreign Minister’s note setting forth policy of Greece toward the war. 63
May 15 [Rec’d May 171 From the French Ambassador Announces early arrival in the United States of French High Commissioner: personnel of party. 65
354 May 17 To the Minister in Denmark (tel.); the same to the Ministers in Switzerland and the Netherlands Instructions to watch German press for comments on America’s delay in entering the war. 65
672 May 17 From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Secheidemann’s address before the Reichstag on peaceful settlement of European boundaries. 65
338 May 17 [Rec’d May 18] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Serious situation in Greece: suggestion that the United States urge Allies to send relief and lift blockade. 66
4853 May 19 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France Announcement of sailing date of commander of American expedition and staff. Instructions. 66
May 10 [Rec’d May 19] From the Consul General at Sofia (tel.) Bulgaria gives assurances of continued friendly relations with the United States. 67
May 24 From the Head of the British Special Mission Notes on important subjects concerning the war discussed during stay of British mission at Washington. 67
[Page XXIV]

the president’s message of may 22 to the russian provisional government on the objects of the united states in the war–initial measures of active american participation in the war–the belgian, rumanian, and japanese special missions–the mission of lord north-cliffe–statements of the french premier and senate on the terms of peace–developments in greece: the abdication of king constantine

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1426 May 22 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Quotes for publication the President’s message to the Russian Provisional Government on U.S. objects in entering the war. 71
May 17 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Questions certain wording in proposed cablegram to Petrograd concerning credit for Russia. 73
May 23 To the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Change of wording in telegram sent to Petrograd regarding Russian credit. 74
May 18 [Rec’d May 23] From the Head of the British Special Mission Problem of reciprocal rates for Allied purchases in America and U. S. purchases in Europe. 74
Undated [Rec’d May 23] From the Japanese Ambassador Presents Japanese telegram proposing a special mission to the United States. 75
May 23 To the Japanese Ambassador Japanese mission will be welcomed. 75
1855 May 25 To the French Ambassador Re arrival in the United States of the French High Commissioner. 76
26 May 26 To all diplomatic representatives (tel.) For publication: measures adopted by the United States for active participation in the war. 76
375 May 8 [Rec’d May 28] From the Consul at Cork Arrival at Queenstown of flotilla of U. S. torpedo-boat destroyers; official welcome. 77
4889 May 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes, for publication in Great Britain, text of communication from the President to the Russian Provisional Government. 80
69 May 29 From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Personnel and sailing date of Belgian mission to the United States. 80
214 May 31 To the Russian Chargé Gratification at assurances of Russian Provisional Government to fulfill engagements made to the Allies. 81
132 June 1 To the Greek Chargé Acknowledges receipt of Foreign Minister’s note on conditions influencing Greek attitude toward the war. 81
1 June 1 To diplomatic representatives in European countries (tel.) Instructions to make public denial of statement published by Georg Bernhard and alleged to have been made by Gerard. 82
987 June 1 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Austrian Emperor’s speech before Parliament on constitutional rights and willingness to make peace. 82
6326 June 1 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sims to Navy Department Report on activity of submarines and work of U. S. destroyers. 83
[Page XXV]215 June 2 To the Russian Chargé U. S. naval forces to concentrate in one area, thus releasing British forces to protect Russian Arctic route. 83
6339 June 2 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Ames to Coffin America’s greatest service would be to send to Europe skilled mechanics under military discipline. 84
898 May 19 [Rec’d June 4] From the Consul A at Liverpool Arrival in Liverpool of Base Hospital No. 4, U. S. Army; British official welcome. 84
345 June 3 [Rec’d June 4] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Informed that British forces will be withdrawn from Macedonia. Reasons. 85
June 6 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.) Personnel and sailing date or Rumanian mission to the United States. 85
4942 June 6 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Requests report regarding proposed Northcliffe mission to the United States. 85
6391 June 7 [Rec’d June 8] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Northcliffe sent to the United States on commercial not diplomatic errand. 86
732 June 6 [Rec’d June 7] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Quotes press statements on difficulties of securing tonnage for transporting and maintaining U. S. troops 86
961 June 7 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Quotes press statement on interviews between Gerard and Bernhard in which former charges are repeated. 87
347 June 7 [Rec’d June 8] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) England, France, and Russia agree on policy regarding Greek affairs and send special emissary to Greece. 87
Undated [Rec’d June 8] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French Premier’s speech and Senate resolution on terms of peace. 88
6410 June 8 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Arrival of General Pershing and staff in London. 89
1473 June 9 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Bernhard’s utterances are branded as German method of endeavoring to create distrust among the Allies. 89
294 June 9 To the Minister in Greece (tel.) Instructions to report on Greek affairs, especially details of Allied agreement. 90
348 June 9 [Rec’d June 10] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Informed that Entente plans removal of Greek King, substituting a regent with French High Commissioner in control. 90
June 10 [Rec’d June 12] From the British Embassy Reported that Turkey is desirous of separate peace but is urged by Germany to await results of submarine campaign. 90
350 June 11 [Rec’d June 12] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Reports development of political affairs in Greece; King preparing to abdicate. 91
[Page XXVI]6436 June 11 [Rec’d June 12] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Quotes General Smuts’s message stating America can win the war with airplanes. 92
352 June 12 From the Minister in Greece (tel.) King of Greece abdicates in accordance with terms of ultimatum; Alexander to be proclaimed King. 92
749 June 12 [Rec’d June 13] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Captain Persius discusses in German press importance of America’s participation in the war. 92
June 13 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.) Personnel and sailing date of Japanese special mission to the United States. 93
354 June 12 [Rec’d June 13] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Circumstances attending the King’s departure; Alexander takes oath. 94
4992 June 13 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in France and Italy Negotiation with Allied air services for joint program of airplane construction. 94
355 June 13 [Rec’d June 14] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Entente powers to recognize King Alexander. Significance of political developments. 94
June 14 To the Chargé in Japan (tel.) Japanese special mission will be welcomed. Names and titles of personnel requested. 95

the president’s flag day address, june 14–the submarine situation: american naval policy–the status of greece–refusal of the united states to participate in the inter-allied conference on balkan affairs–the morgenthau-frankfurter mission to europe–the struggle over electoral reform and peace terms in germany

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
June 14 To the diplomatic representatives in certain countries (tel.) For publication: text of the President’s Flag Day address. 96
5008 June 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Saw-mill units donated to Great Britain by New England States. 100
June 16 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Interview with the King on war problems. 101
1394 June 14 From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Recommends that a division of U. S. destroyers be sent to Russia. 101
1041 June 18 [Rec’d June 19] From the Greek Chargé Quotes Entente ultimatum demanding abdication of King Constantine, and correspondence between High Commissioner and President of Council. 102
June 19 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.) Date set for departure to the United States of Japanese special mission; names and titles of personnel. 103
[Page XXVII]767 June 18 [Rec’d June 19] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Germany challenges President Wilson’s change of policy and aims in entering the war, as expressed in his note to Russia. 104
768 June 19 From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Continuation of Germany’s remarks on President Wilson’s note to Russia. 106
6503 June 20 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Seriousness of submarine gains and necessity for prompt action by anti-submarine craft. 106
362 June 20 [Rec’d June 21] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Notification of raising of blockade of Greece. 107
June 21 To the Consul at Alexandria (tel.): to Philip Instructions to assist Morgenthau in efforts to ameliorate Jewish conditions in Palestine. 108
6509 June 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Prime Minister decides to await developments in Russia before attempting separate peace with Austria and Bulgaria. 108
6526 June 23 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Question of Allied assistance to Norway in case it is driven into the war. 108
366 June 24 [Rec’d June 25] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Negotiations between Venizelos cabinet and Zaimis Government for union of Greece. 109
5043 June 25 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Instructions to arrange for Morgenthau to meet British representative at Gibraltar. 109
549 June 25 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Instructions to arrange for Morgenthau to meet French and British representatives at Gibraltar. 109
368 June 26 [Rec’d June 27] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Zaimis cabinet resigns; Venizelos to become Prime Minister. 110
June 27 From the Chargé in Japan (tel.) Purpose of Japanese special mission to the United States. 111
6544 June 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Immediate necessity for antisubmarine craft. 111
June 26 [Rec’d June 28] From the French Ambassador Necessity for permanent committee on transportation questions, composed of U. S. and Allied representatives. 112
369 June 28 [Rec’d June 29] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Greece’s new Ministry; statement of foreign policy. 112
371 June 30 [Rec’d July 1] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Status of relations between Greece and the Central powers. 113
1128 Undated [Rec’d July 2] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Press statements: Socialists in Austrian Parliament urge peace on basis of self-government, without annexations or indemnities; Minister President’s views. 113
[Page XXVIII]6599 July 2 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) The United States is invited to take part in war conferences with the Allies. 114
38 July 2 To the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Inquires status of Rumanian mission to the United States. 114
July 1 [Rec’d July 2] From the British Embassy Critical situation caused by submarine activity. Need of armed small craft for protection of British and French coasts. 115
July 3 From the Secretary of the Navy Announcement of U. S. naval policy and general plan of action in relation to the Allies. 116
372 July 2 [Rec’d July 3] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Greece is at war with Germany and Bulgaria; relations are broken with other Central powers. 117
5089 July 4 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): the President to Sims Criticism of British Admiralty methods; convoy system on adequate scale suggested; report and independent opinion requested. 117
6644 July 5 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Political situation in Great Britain, as well as submarine situation, is dangerous. Public ignorant of full facts. 118
July 6 From the French Embassy Invitation to proposed inter-Allied conference on military situation in Balkans is extended to the United States. (Footnote indicates the United States declined.) 118
6670 July 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Russia proposes early Allied conference to formulate peace terms; Balfour opposes; reasons. 119
818 July 6 [Rec’d July 7] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) German Chancellor reported as willing to conclude peace without annexations or compensations. 120
July 8 [Rec’d July 10] From the Special Agents, Morgenthau and Frankfurter (tel.) Report on situation in eastern theater of the war and opinion that time is not ripe for peace negotiations with Turkey. 120
1556 July 10 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Regrets inability to send destroyers to Russia as suggested. 123
1028 July 10 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Official suggestion that the United States send military aid to Italian front, supplying heavy artillery, etc. 123
5129 July 11 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) The United States is not now ready to take part in inter-Allied war conferences. 123
6710 July 11 [Rec’d July 12] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Sims to the President Reports in detail shipping situation and gives independent opinion on steps to be taken. 124
[Page XXIX]847 July 13 From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Press reports of the Kaiser’s edict regarding reform in Prussian election laws. 126
681 July 13 [Rec’d July 14] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Reply to Department’s inquiry regarding route taken by Morgenthau when proceeding to Cairo. 127
530 July 12 [Rec’d July 14] From the Minister Sweden (tel.) Resolutions introduced in Reichstag on war aims, vote reform in Prussia, and revision of the Constitution. 128
July 14 To the special Agent, Morgenthau (tel.) Repeats instructions to deal solely with conditions of Jews in Palestine and not to discuss separate peace with Turkey. 129
July 16 From the British Ambassador: tel. from The Hague Austrian Legation quotes Hindenburg as stating Germany could not adopt program of peace without annexation. 129
762 July 17 To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.): to McNally Inquires regarding conference between Emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary on peace. 130
90 July 6 [Rec’d July 17] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Report of General Scott’s visit to Jassy. 130
July 17 From the Special Agent, Morgenthau (tel.) Instructions not exceeded. Frankfurter will make oral report. 130
6767 July 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Recommends that Pershing and Sims attend Allied war conference at Paris as visitors. 131
197 June 18 [Rec’d July 191 From the Minister in Greece Influences surrounding Greek King; his acceptance of ultimatum; details accompanying abdication. 131
1092 July 19 [Rec’d July 20] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press summary of German Chancellor’s speech before Reichstag, reviewing international situation and justifying German methods. 135
1093 July 20 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Continuation of summary of Chancellor’s speech: statement of policy and internal conditions. 136
5177 July 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) The President is unwilling to have the United States represented at the Allied conference at Paris. 138
95 July 11 [Rec’d July 20] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Status of Rumanian mission to the United States. 138
July 20 To the Special Agent, Morgenthau (tel.) Instructions to remain in France until Frankfurter reports, and to refrain from discussion of U. S. policies. 139
[Page XXX]

peace resolution of the german reichstag, july 19–the inter-allied conference on balkan affairs–partial revelation of secret agreements concerning asia minor–the american proposal of an inter-allied naval conference–the president’s reply to the request of the French government for his views on the organization of a society of nations–various discussions of peace terms

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1252 July 20 From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Text of German Reichstag peace resolution of July 19. 139
536 July 21 To diplomatic and consular officers Instructions to keep Department informed concerning political events in foreign countries. 140
July 20 [Rec’d July 23] From the French Ambassador Suggested society of nations is being considered; the President’s views requested. 141
1899 July 24 To the French Ambassador Designation of U. S. member of inter-Allied committee to study transportation question in France. 141
242 June 21 [Rec’d July 24] From the British Ambassador British note on importance of U. S. representation on Allied conferences. 142
1171 July 17 [Rec’d July 24] From the Greek Legation Presents Greek note regarding Italy’s insistence upon control of certain section of Greece. 142
2321 [sec. 1] July 23 [Rec’d July 24] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Official request for U. S. opinion on certain issues likely to arise at Allied conference. 144
2321 [sec. 2] July 24 [Rec’d July 25] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Prospect of America’s becoming important factor in shaping terms of peace. Attitude of smaller Allied powers toward issues involved. 146
1274 July 24 [Rec’d July 25] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.): from McNally Conference between German and Austrian Emperors on peace terms. Resolve of latter to sue for separate peace. 148
2334 July 26 [Rec’d July 27] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Report on Allied war conference. Suggestion that Gompers attend proposed Socialist conference at London. 149
5221 July 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) U. S. proposal of an inter-Allied naval conference. 151
2501 July 31 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Inquires nature of agreements between Allies concerning Asia Minor. 151
6861 July 31 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Great Britain favors calling of inter-Allied naval conference. 151
107 July 27 [Rec’d Aug. 1] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Enemy advance threatens Rumania as Russians retreat. Evacuation of Government and Army into Russia if necessary urged by Allied Ministers. 152
Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 2] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Quotes German press on improved situation and on position of Social Democrats regarding annexation. 152
1906 Aug. 3 To the French Ambassador The President’s views regarding establishment of a society of nations. 152
[Page XXXI]1581 Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russia will extend privileges to Rumanian King. 154
2352 Aug. 2 [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) British and French disagree in Allied war conference on wisdom of maintaining forces at Salonica. 154
2353 Aug. 2 [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Allied future interests in Asia Minor; secret agreements; Italy’s claims. 155
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 4] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) To save Rumania pressure must be brought to bear on Russia. 156
963 Aug. 4 [Rec’d Aug. 5] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Unofficial peace negotiations between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. 156
390 Aug. 9 [Rec’d Aug. 10] From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Foreign Minister declares Greece to be in state of war with Germany by virtue of declaration of former Provisional Government. 157
740 Aug. 12 [Rec’d Aug. 13] From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Spanish King communicates peace terms which Germany will offer soon. 158
1410 Aug. 11 [Rec’d Aug. 13] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Means taken by German government through the press to stimulate German people to renewed war efforts. 158
1417 Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) German press appeal for awakening of people to realization of consequences of an Entente victory. 159
5307 Aug. 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Personnel and sailing date of U. S. representatives to inter-Allied naval conference at London. 161

the pope’s appeal for peace, august 1 (received august 16): views of the allied governments–appeals of rumania for assistance

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
6959 Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Text of the Pope’s appeal for peace. 161
1436 Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Sweden invites conference of neutrals, including Switzerland, to discuss conditions of a durable peace. 164
Aug. 18 To the diplomatic officers in Allied countries; also in Siam, Rumania, Corfu Instructions to ascertain views of Governments to which accredited regarding the Pope’s peace note. 165
Aug. 18 [Rec’d Aug. 19] From the French Ambassador Suggests that, if an answer is necessary, the Allies concert on reply to the Pope. 165
83 Aug. 20 From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Belgium is opposed to any peace not involving destruction of Prussian militarism. 165
Aug. 12 [Rec’d Aug. 21] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Rumanian Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Diplomatic Corps will leave for Russia as precautionary measure. 166
[Page XXXII] Aug. 21 To President Wilson Russian Ambassador states views of his Government on the Pope’s peace note; inquires U. S. attitude. 166
1062 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Chargé in Italy (tel.) Foreign Minister considers the Pope’s peace note instigated by Germany. Advance reply by President Wilson suggested. 167
6996 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes Balfour’s message to British Minister to the Holy See regarding the Pope’s peace note. 167
393 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Minister in Greece (tel.): to the President States Greek objections to the Pope’s peace terms. 168
1236 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press reports that Germany commends the Pope’s peace proposal. 169
1237 Aug. 22 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German Chancellor discusses secret treaties of Allies and refusal of latter to consider peace. 169
2407 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French attitude toward the Pope’s appeal; accord among Allies in making reply is suggested. 170
84 Aug. 22 From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Belgium has consulted France and Great Britain concerning joint reply to the Pope, and requests suggestions from President Wilson. 172
7021 Aug. 24 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Data suggested for meeting of inter Allied naval conference. 172
1249 Aug. 24 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comments on break between Reichstag Majority and the Chancellor regarding peace resolution of July 19. 173
85 Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug. 25] From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Belgium’s acknowledgment of the Pope’s peace note. 175
2413 Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug. 25] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): to the President French views on the Pope’s appeal and on conflict between German Chancellor and Reichstag. 175
118 Aug. 17 [Rec’d Aug. 26] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Quotes identic telegram from Associated Ministers at Jassy to their Governments conveying Prime Minister’s appeal for aid. 177

the president’s reply, august 27, to the pope’s appeal for peace–the serbian special mission; the question of receiving a yugoslav delegation–the mission of lord reading–semiofficial overtures for peace

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5348 Aug. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Text of the President’s reply of Aug. 27 to the Pope’s appeal for peace, sent via Great Britain. 177
1660 Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug. 28] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) If Russia makes reply to the Pope’s peace note, it will probably be firmly negative. 180
[Page XXXIII]2428 Aug. 27 [Rec’d Aug. 28] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): to the President Quotes message from Serbian Foreign Minister to President Wilson expressing disapproval of the Pope’s peace note. 180
7060 Aug. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Great Britain heartily approves the President’s reply to the papal appeal. 181
692 Aug. 30 From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Rumored that Morgenthau commission is endeavoring to obtain political independence of Palestine for the Jews. 181
Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 1] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): to the President President Wilson’s reply to the Pope’s peace note approved generally in France. Ambassador’s commendation added. 182
1684 Aug. 30 [Rec’d Sept. 2] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Reported that President Wilson will make last attempt at conciliation; if unsuccessful, Germany will be boycotted after the war. 183
1685 Sept. 7 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) No foundation for report about future boycott of Germany. 183n
1293 Sept. 2 [Rec’d Sept. 3] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary criticizing President Wilson’s reply to the Pope and defending Germany’s war policies. 183
1556 Sept. 1 [Rec’d Sept. 3] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Quotes translation of garbled version of the President’s reply to the Pope as published in Switzerland by Havas Agency. 186
1141 Sept. 3 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Semiofficial overtures of peace through a neutral diplomat returned from Germany. 189
126 Aug. 27 [Rec’d Sept. 51 From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Quotes Rumanian note giving reasons for disapproval of the Pope’s intervention. 189
1578 Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 6] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Authoritative information on origin of the Pope’s peace note: initiated by Austria and Germany. 190
1156 Sept. 5 [Rec’d Sept. 6] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Quotes German press comment indicating reaction against Government as result of President Wilson’s reply to the pope. 191
1314 Sept. 6 [Rec’d Sept. 7] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary in defense of German war policies. 192
Sep. 7 To the French Ambassador Steps taken to correct garbled version of President Wilson’s message and to prevent like occurrences. 193
339 Sept. 7 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Denial that Morgenthau’s mission was to obtain political independence of Palestine for the Jews. 194
5394 Sept. 7 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassador in France U. S. participation in Inter-Allied Parliamentary Union not approved. 194
[Page XXXIV]1319 Sept. 7 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Germans in Holland believe that President Wilson’s reply to the Pope will retard democratic reform in Germany. 195
1595 Sept. 6 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Activity of unofficial Austrian agents in Switzerland to promote peace propaganda. 195
1329 Sept. 8 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary expressing indignation at President Wilson’s reply to the Pope. 196
Sept. 10 From the British Embassy Proposed conference in London with Russian representatives to discuss Russia’s part in the war and material aid from the Allies. 197
1611 Sept. 9 [Rec’d Sept. 10] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) Hungarian press commends President Wilson’s note to the Pope as sponsoring peace without annexation. 198
1076 Sept. 11 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) The Pope has referred to Central Empires certain inquiries made by Great Britain in connection with peace note. 198
1184 Sept, 10 [Rec’d Sept. 11] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Continuation of German press comment on President Wilson’s reply to the Pope. 199
1625 Sept. 11 [Rec’d Sept. 12] From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.) German press reports mass meetings in protest against President Wilson’s reply to the Pope. 200
1319 Aug. 27 [Rec’d Sept. 13] From the Minister in Switzerland Transmits reports of conversation between Emperor Charles and Professor Foerster of Munich. 201
1214 Sept. 14 [Rec’d Sept.15] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Published report of German Social Democratic Party, 1914–1917; press comment on publication of Luxburg telegrams. 205
288 Sept. 13 [Rec’d Sept. 17] From the British Ambassador Lord Reading’s special mission to the United States. 206
Sept. 16 [Rec’d 19] From the French Ambassador Tells how President Wilson’s reply to the Pope became garbled in publishing. 207
Sept. 19 [Rec’d Sept.20] From the Special Agent in Corfu (tel.) Serbian special mission to the United States. Question of receiving a Yugoslav delegation. 208
2510 Sept. 19 [Rec’d Sept.20] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) France’s war policy as expressed by the Premier of the new Ministry. 208
687 Sept. 21 To the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Instructions regarding mission of special agent, Frank E. Anderson. 209
1704 Sept. 21 [Rec’d Sept.22] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) German press reports mass meeting at Munich which passed resolution condemning President Wilson’s peace note. 210
145 Aug. 18 [Rec’d Sept.25] From the Chargé in Rumania Tragic situation of Rumania, almost deserted by Russia and attacked by Germany. Question of removing Diplomatic Corps to Russia. 210
[Page XXXV]1727 Sept. 25 [Rec’d Sept.26] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Quotes German press correspondent as enumerating the conditions under which Belgium will be 213
1100 Sept. 27 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Stand taken by Central powers in reply to the Pope regarding restoration of Belgium and occupied French territory. 214
93 Sept. 27 [Rec’d Sept.28] From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Belgium considers German reply to the Pope, regarding conditional evacuation of Belgium, as adding insult to injury. 214
285 Sept. 28 To the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Department desires to publish statement of Belgium’s attitude toward German conditions for evacuation. 214
Sept. 28 To the Special Agent in Corfu (tel.) A Serbian mission would be welcomed in the United States. Yugoslav delegation could not be received. 214
1413 Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept.29] From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) Press summary of German Chancellor’s speech declaring that Germany must refuse at present to specify its war aims, etc. 215
1418 Sept. 29 From the Chargé in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary: denial of German supplementary note to the Pope concerning evacuation of Belgium: etc. 216
1763 Sept. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.): from McNally Widespread effect in Germany of the President’s reply to the Pope’s peace note. Emperor’s offer to abdicate. 216

replies of the central powers to the pope’s appeal for peace–invitation to the american government, october 3, to attend the interallied conference at paris

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1769 Sept. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 2] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Quotes replies of Germany and Austria-Hungary to the Pope’s peace note. 217
1782 Oct. 2 [Rec’d Oct. 3] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Quotes Turkish reply to the Pope’s peace proposal. 221
Oct. 3 To President Wilson French proposal of Inter-Allied Conference at Paris to consider means to aid Russia. U. S. representation desired. 222
96 Oct. 3 [Rec’d Oct. 4] From the Minister in Belgium (tel.) Belgium authorizes statement that, if German reply to Pope regarding Belgium is true, it is insolence added to injury. 223
2561 Oct. 3 [Rec’d Oct. 4] From the Ambassador in. France (tel.) Serbian Minister accepts on behalf of mission invitation to visit the United States. Visit of Yugoslav committee discouraged. 223
1802 Oct. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 5] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Press report of Austria’s peace demands as expressed by Czernin in speech at Budapest. 224
[Page XXXVI]1435 Oct. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 5] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Press summary: Czernin’s speech; German policy in Belgium; possibility of peace only through British-German agreement. 224

report, october 6, of german overtures to great britain through spain–discussion of war aims by the serbian premier–reports of conditions in the central empires

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
7355 Oct. 6 [Rec’d Oct. 7] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Reports German peace overtures to Great Britain through Spain; British reply. 226
7363 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Facts and opinions regarding Germany’s peace move, and peace conditions to be demanded by Great Britain. 227
Oct. 9 From the Italian Ambassador Forwards copy of Vatican note of Sept. 28 to British Minister on German reply to peace note; the Pope’s further suggestions for securing peace. 229
1452 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary: dissension in Reichstag; criticism of Chancellor and Vice Chancellor; proposed disposition of Belgium: etc. 231
10 Sept. 14: [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the Special Agent in Corfu Serbian Foreign Minister discusses internal conditions and relations with Italy, and suggests liquidation of Austro-Hungarian Empire. 233
1374 Oct. 11 [Rec’d Oct. 12] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) German Foreign Minister in Reichstag speech utters Germany’s first specific declaration as to peace terms: motives questioned. 236
1481 Sept. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Chargé in Switzerland Forwards report of Aug. 25 from the Vice Consul at Zürich on conditions in Germany and on submarine activities. 237
1394 Oct. 15: [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Political tendencies in Germany: increased demands for parliamentary government; reduction of war aims, especially as to Belgium; etc. 248
1496 Oct. 16 I [Rec’d Oct. 17] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.): from Anderson German impression that majority of Americans have turned in favor of peace should be corrected. 249
1514 Sept. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 19] From the Chargé in Switzerland Résumé of political movements in German Empire and Austria-Hungary, Sept. 23–30. 250
1868 Oct. 15 [Rec’d Oct. 19] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Proposed date and personnel of Inter-Allied Conference at Paris. 254
1528 Oct. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Chargé in Switzerland Political information regarding Germany as expressed by Jaffe, German political economist, in conversation with Foerster. 255
[Page XXXVII]1517 Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary: party strife; request for Chancellor’s resignation; resolutions of Würzburg convention; etc. 273
1461 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 23] From Minister in Denmark (tel.) Reports crisis in Germany; Austria inclined to treat for separate peace; Spain willing to mediate; etc. 274
1453 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 23] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Report of stormy meeting of Reichstag, demand for bread and peace; democracy gaining ground. 275
1892 Oct. 20 [Rec’d Oct. 23] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russian Council of Workmen and Soldiers demand representation at Inter-Allied Conference, instructing their representatives on territorial questions. 276
7502 Oct. 23 [Rec’d Oct. 24] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Bell Report of Anderson’s interview with member of Austrian Legation at The Hague on movement in Germany for new people’s party. 277
1464 Oct. 23 [Rec’d Oct. 24] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Austrian official gives reasons why Austria can not surrender. 277
Oct. 25 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the Special Agent in Corfu (tel.) Tentative date of departure of Serbian mission for the United States. 278

agreement of the united states to participate in the inter-allied conference at paris–dispatch of the american mission under colonel house, october 28–the military situation in italy–the ministerial crisis in germany

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5670 Oct. 26 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassador in France Colonel House is designated to represent the United States at Inter-Allied War Conference. 278
1905 Oct. 24 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) All-Russian Council of Peasants name delegate to Inter-Allied Conference. Definite expression of peace terms urged. 279
1897 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russia’s position at Inter-Allied Conference being formulated. Recommendations regarding U. S. loan to Russia. 279
Oct. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Serbian Minister Serbia requests privilege of representation at Inter-Allied Conference. 280
2656 Oct. 28 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Crisis on Italian front and question of sending French assistance. 281
1158 Oct. 27 [Rec’d Oct. 28] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Reports serious German-Austrian offensive on Italian front and Cabinet crisis. Suggests that the United States declare war on Austria. 282
[Page XXXVIII]1983 Oct. 30 To the French Ambassador Serbian appeal for privilege of representation at Inter-Allied Conference transmitted to French Government. 282
159 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Rumania requests U. S. support in its demand to participate in Inter-Allied Conference. 282
1160 Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Reports German-Austrian successes on Italian front, Italy rallying, and England and France sending aid. 283
1163 Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian military situation more in hand. Cabinet reorganized. King hopeful. 283
1984 Nov. 1 To the French Ambassador Rumania claims the right to participate in Inter-Allied Conference. 284
1913 Oct. 26 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Attitude toward Inter-Allied Conference. Russia threatened with Bolshevik rule. 284
161 Oct. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Rumania protests against proposed Soviet delegate to Inter-Allied Conference, instructed to uphold peace program dictated by Germany. 285
1168 Nov. 1 [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italian situation grave. U. S. declaration of war against Austria urged. French general on Italian front. British general expected. 286
1819 Nov. 2 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Instructions to make official statement that Inter-Allied Conference will discuss vigorous prosecution of the war and not peace terms. 286
1171 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Propaganda and strikes tend to undermine Italian Army. Allies rush troops to aid. 286
1174 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Ambassador in Italy Report of disasters in Italian lines; thousands abandon arms. Government still confident. 287
1175 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy requests U. S. aid to repulse the invasion. Assurance of help recommended. 287
1177 Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 4] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) U. S. aid should be contingent upon Italy’s own effort. U. S. declaration of war against Austria again recommended. 288
1181 Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italians again in retreat, though spirit of the Army good; Germans and Austrians massing for attack. 288
Nov. 5 From the British Embassy Austria secretly proposes peace negotiations with Great Britain, pledging integrity of Italian territory. British reply. 289
1592 Nov. 5 [Rec’d Nov. 6] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary: evolution in Government approaches parliamentarization; successes in Italy strengthen war policy; etc. 289
[Page XXXIX]1533 Nov. 5 [Rec’d Nov. 6] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) Opposing groups in Germany unite to approve selection of new Chancellor. Prospect of electoral reform in Prussia. 293
66 Oct. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the Consul at Tiflis Forwards copy of his despatch of Oct. 4 to the Ambassador in Russia proposing propaganda among Kurdish tribes. 294
5739 Nov. 7 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to House For publication: the United States will participate in war conference for perfecting more complete coordination of effort against Germany 295
1192 Nov. 7 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Further information on military situation in Italy. 296
2004 Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Reported that lack of food dims Austria-Hungary’s enthusiasm over victories in Italy. 297
1197 Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Situation in Italy; prospect of Allied assistance; peace propaganda by Central powers. 297
Undated [Rec’d Nov.10] From the Special Representative (tel.) Arrival and reception in London of American commission to Inter-Allied Conference. 298
Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 10] From Director of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Forwards public statement issued by the Endowment. Offers copies for diplomatic and consular officers. 299
2798 Nov. 10 To the Ambassador in France (tel.); also to the Ambassadors in Great Britain and Italy Advocates participation of smaller powers in Inter-Allied Conference. 301
1205 Nov. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 11] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Decision at Rapallo to form commission representing all great powers on Germany’s western front. Propaganda needed to counteract that urging peace. 301
1206 Nov. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 11] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy desires the United States to send troops to Italian front or to declare war against Austria-Hungarian. 302
965 Nov. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 11] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Official information from Germany regarding internal conditions and chances for early peace. 302
Nov. 11 From the Secretary of the Special Mission (tel.) Report on progress of the Inter-Allied Conference. 304
106 Nov. 12 To the Consul at Tiflis Disapproval of suggestion to organize uprising of Kurdish tribes against Turks. 304
1213 Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 13] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) British circular instruction advocating more confidential relations between British and U. S. Embassies. 304
[Page XL] Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 13] From the Serbian Minister Sailing date and personnel of Serbian special mission to the United States. 305
970 Nov. 15 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Assurance of U. S. sympathy and support for Italy. 305

the organization at rapallo of the supreme war council, november 7; agreement of the united states to take part–peace overtures from the central empires–american assurances to rumania

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the British Embassy Organization at Rapallo of the Supreme War Council; its aims and activities. 306
Nov. 16 President Wilson to the Special Representative (tel.) Accedes to plans for single war council. Instructions. 308
2754 Nov. 16 [Rec’d Nov. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Smaller powers have been invited to assist at military session of Inter-Allied Conference at Paris. 308
161 Nov. 17 [Rec’d Nov. 20] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Rumania requests U. S. support, should Russia make separate peace. Identic appeal to Great Britain and France quoted. 309
Nov. 20 To Director of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Will accept one thousand copies of statement issued by the Endowment. 310
Nov. 20 To the British Embassy Passports will not be issued to U. S. citizens to attend conferences between Allied, enemy, and neutral powers. 310
1656 Nov. 19 [Rec’d Nov. 20] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press summary: change in government; conditions affecting Russian peace offer; foreign economic and political situation; etc. 311
7782 Nov. 23 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); to the President also Reports discussion of separate peace with Turkey and future of Palestine. 317
Nov. 25 The Special Representative to President Wilson (tel.) French Prime Minister favors unity of military direction but is doubtful of plan which resulted in formation of Supreme War Council 317
3009 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 26] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.): from McNally Informed that Germany is ready to discuss peace terms with authorized American representative. 318
Nov. 26 The Special Representative to President Wilson (tel.) Official interview regarding use of U. S. forces and operation of proposed Supreme War Council. 318
22 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 27] From the Special Agent in Corfu [Serbian Foreign Minister’s views on situation in Greece, Italy, and Austria-Hungary. 319
[Page XLI] Nov. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to diplomatic officers in certain other countries Requests names of, and information regarding, group of men from whom representatives to peace conference will probably be selected. 321
38 Nov. 28 To the Belgian Minister Unprepared to join in proposed demand for replacement of machinery and materials removed from Belgium by Germany. 321
2124 Nov. 26 [Rec’d Nov. 28] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Károlyi brings peace overtures from Austria-Hungary. 322
91 Nov. 28 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Quotes the President’s message to the King of Rumania offering assurances of U. S. support in efforts to safeguard Rumanian independence. 325
Nov. 28 To the Ambassador in France (tel.); the same to diplomatic officers in certain other countries Recommends close relation between U. S. diplomatic missions and Allied representatives to ensure cooperation. 325
1251 Nov. 28 [Rec’d Nov. 29] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) The Pope’s message through the press in reply to attacks upon his peace move. 326
5930 Nov. 30 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Reasons for disapproval of a separate peace with Turkey at this time. 326
427 Nov. 30 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Request for substance of all secret treaties so far published by Bolshevik government. 327
1170 Nov. 30 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Oral instructions for McNally: not authorized to discuss peace terms with German Government. 327
7846 Nov. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Lansdowne’s letter concerning peace; its effect on belligerents. 327
Nov. 30 The Special Representative to President Wilson (tel.) Requests permission to offer in Inter-Allied Conference resolution on U. S. and Allied purpose in the war. 328
1712 Nov. 30 [Rec’d Dec. 1] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Press summary of German Chancellor’s speech on military and political situation, appealing for support of the Government 328
Dec. 1 President Wilson to the Special Representative (tel.) Approves suggested resolution regarding war aims; favors most effective war council obtainable. 331
1718 Dec. 1 From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Press summary of Kühlmann’s Reichstag speech: Allies’ aims, as revealed by secret treaties, must be met by force; etc. 331
2837 Dec. 1 [Rec’d Dec. 2] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Reported peace overtures from Austrian Emperor through Foerster. 332
[Page XLII]

reports of the american mission to great britain and france–the interallied conference, november 29–december 3, 1917

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Dec. 15 Report of the Special Representative Report on American War Mission to Great Britain and France: conferences; President Wilson’s telegram on unity of plan and control; meetings of Inter-Allied Conference; speeches, etc.; meeting of Supreme War Council; comments; annexes. 334
Dec. 14 Report of the Representative of the Navy Department Decisions reached and agreements entered into regarding naval cooperation; recommendations. 384
Dec. 14 Report of the Representative of the War Department Military situation in Europe and demands upon the United States. Conclusions and recommendations. 386
Dec. 6 Report of the Representative of the Treasury Department Allied financial needs, loans, and foreign exchange; discussion on proposed Inter-Allied Council. 392
Undated Report of the Representative of the War Trade Board Conferences on tonnage, blockade, rationing, etc.; question of one central control committee. 400
Dec. 14 Report of the Representative of the Shipping Board Investigation of destruction by sub-marines and of new construction; cooperation in control of tonnage; annex. 409
Undated Report of the Representative of the Food Administration Creation of Inter-Allied Commission on Alimentation. 423
Dec. 11 Report of the Representative of the War Industries Board Investigation of British and French Munitions organizations and of coordination of effort; annex. 431

the president’s address to congress, december 4, recommending the declaration of a state of war with austria-hungary–the policy of the united states regarding turkey and bulgaria

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
993 Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Quotes, in part, the President’s address to Congress recommending declaration of a state of war with Austria-Hungary. 446
1110 Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 5] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Copies of secret correspondence published by Bolsheviks will be forwarded. List of subjects covered. 446
Dec. 6 To the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate Inadvisability of U. S. declaration of war against Turkey and Bulgaria at present. Quotes Peet, Haskell, and Edelman on situation. 448
[Page XLIII]2166 Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 6] From the Chargé Switzerland (tel.): from Anderson Proposes going to Vienna for conference with Apponyi to learn conditions there. 454
Dec. 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) London approval of the President’s address to Congress recommending war against Austria-Hungary. 454
1131 Dec. 6 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Press report: Russian Foreign Office has published telegram from Chargé at London reporting Germany’s peace overtures to Great Britain and reply. 455
2855 Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 6] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegrams from the Associated Ministers at Jassy to their Government: Dec. 3, possible conflict between Rumanians and Russians; Dec. 4, Foreign Office message to Rumanian representatives in Allied countries regarding dangerous position of the Army. 456
180 Dec. 2[?] [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Rumanian Government empowers Russian general here to seek armistice with Germany for Rumania also. 457
2928 Dec. 7 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Inquires proposed action of France regarding Rumanian situation. Instruction sent Jassy to take no further steps until notified. 458
1200 Dec. 7 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.): to Anderson Proposed visit to Vienna not approved. 458

the declaration of a state of war with austria-hungary, december 7–the conclusion of an armistice on the rumanian front–interview of special agent anderson with count apponyi in vienna–other unofficial approaches by germans and austrians–discussion as to the use of american troops in europe

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Dec. 7 To all diplomatic officers (tel.) Congress passes, and the President signs, joint resolution declaring war on Austria-Hungary. 459
2830 Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 8] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Dec. 5 from Associated Ministers at Jassy to their Governments requesting instructions as to attitude to be taken in event of separate peace. 459
2185 Dec. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 9] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.): from Anderson Leaving for Vienna, safe-conduct having been granted. 461
2190 Dec. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 9] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Apprehension regarding Anderson’s trip to Vienna. 461
2189 Dec. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 9] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Reports economic, political, and military situation of Central powers; Polish affairs; tension in Switzerland. 462
[Page XLIV]1208 Dec. 10 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Instructions for Anderson to return, if he has entered enemy territory, and to proceed to London. 466
1209 Dec. 10 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.): to Anderson Explanation must be given that trip to Vienna was not authorized by U. S. Government. 467
1682 Dec. 8 [Rec’d Dec. 10] From the Minister in Denmark (tel.) German press comment on President Wilson’s speech of Dec. 4. 467
2835 Dec. 10 [Rec’d Dec. 11] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Dec. 7 from Associated Ministers at Jassy to their Governments: impossible to remove Rumanian Army to Russia. 469
Dec. 11 To diplomatic officers in all countries except Spain (tel.) Instructions to inform Foreign Office of U. S. declaration of a state of war with Austria-Hungary. 470
779 Dec. 11 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) Quotes U. S. Congressional resolution declaring a state of war with Austria-Hungary. 470
2890 Dec. 13 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) King of Rumania gives assurance of loyalty to Allied cause. Seeming acquiescence in armistice a necessity. 471
182 Dec. 8 [Rec’d Dec. 14] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Quotes Foreign Minister on difficulty of Rumanian position. Comments. 472
Dec. 15 To diplomatic officers in all countries except Spain (tel.) Proclamation of a state of war between the United States and Austria-Hungary. 472
783 Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.) U. S. official notification through Spain of a state of war with Austria-Hungary. 473
6041 Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Instructions to report reasons for Balfour’s statement relative to Jewish state in Palestine. 473
105 Dec. 15 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Assurance of U. S. assistance to Rumania. 473
1767 Dec. 15 From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Inquires if he should receive statement Germany desires to make regarding basis for peace. 473
848 Dec. 16 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Permission given to receive unofficially German statement regarding: basis for peace. 474
849 Dec. 17 To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Instructions to receive none but official communication from Germany. 474
191 Dec. 13 [Rec’d Dec. 19] From the Minister in Rumania (tel.) Quotes Foreign Minister’s note on difficulty of Rumanian position and defense of action taken. 474
Dec. 19 To the French Ambassador Transmits paraphrase of telegram of Dec. 18 from the Secretary of War to General Pershing regarding distribution of U. S. forces in anticipation of German drive. 475
[Page XLV]7735 Dec. 10 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the Ambassador in Great Britain Greek, Serbian, and Rumanian Ministers here informally urge U. S. declaration of war on Bulgaria. 476
202 Nov. 17 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the Consul General at Sofia Press report of Prime Minister’s speech announcing Bulgaria’s war aims. 477
436 Dec. 21 From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Greece is rapidly losing all morale and fighting capacity. 478
2261 Dec. 19 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.): from Anderson Interviews with Apponyi in Vienna and Budapest. 478
8033 Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British plan of internationalization of Palestine under protection of some great power. 483
2282 Dec. 22 [Rec’d Dec. 23] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Report of unofficial approach by an Austrian, seeking communication with President Wilson. 483
2932 Dec. 22 [Rec’d Dec 23] From the Ambassador in Rumania will sign armistice independently of Russia and avoid negotiations for peace. 484
1792 Dec. 22 [Rec’d Dec. 23] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) German press comment on general conditions and war policies. 484
1796 Dec. 23 [Rec’d Dec. 24] From the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.) Refusal to accept unofficial communication from Germany. 489
2941 Dec. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 25] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes joint telegram of Dec. 19 from the Associated Ministers at Jassy to their Governments on separate peace and disintegration of Russian troops. 489
Nov. 12 [Rec’d Dec. 26] Report of the Special Agent at Cairo British, French, and Russian agreement concerning dismemberment of Ottoman Empire and partition of its parts 490
2982 Dec. 26 To the Ambassador in France (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in Great Britain and Italy The United States will participate in the Supreme War Council. 492
1273 Dec. 26 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Instructions to inform British and French colleagues of Anderson’s report of his visit to Vienna and Budapest. 492

receipt of translations of the “secret treaties” as published in russia

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 27] From the Ambassador in Russia Forwards translations of secret treaties and related correspondence which were published in Russia. 493
[Page XLVI]2964 Dec. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 29] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Foreign Minister’s declaration of French attitude toward Brest-Litovsk peace negotiations; duty to Rumania and other oppressed small nations. 507
2965 Dec. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes Joint telegram of Dec. 24 from the Associated Ministers at Jassy to their Governments: effect in Rumania of Maximalist movement; joint letter to the President of the Council. 509
2304 Dec. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) German and Austrian peace overtures. 511
2315 Dec. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Comment on political, economic, and military situation in the Central Empires. 512
1755 Dec. 31 [Rec’d Jan. 1, 1918] From the Chargé in Denmark (tel.) Neutral diplomat reports decline of Pan-German militarism; German people desirous of peace. 515

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Provision and Administration of Finance and in the Purchase of Supplies

suggestions as to financial aid by the british and italian governments–offer of credit to france, april 5–requests of the british, french, italian, and belgian governments for loans under the act of congress approved april 24–the first advances

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5794 Mar. 5, 1917 [Rec’d Mar. 6] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Expediency of establishing in the United States a large Franco-British credit. 516
5817 Mar. 9 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Bank of England inquires regarding establishment of short time credits in the United States. 518
879 Mar. 23 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Quotes Director of Bank of Italy suggesting U. S. loans to Italy for probable purchase of American products. 518
5885 Mar. 24 [Rec’d Mar.25] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British appreciation of U. S. proposal to offer to Allies credit for large sum. 519
2126 Apr. 5 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Offer of credit to France. 519
901 Apr. 6 ] [Rec’d Apr. 7] From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy desires to participate in U. S. financial loan to the Allies. 520
1993 Apr. 11 ] [Rec’d Apr. 12] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French appreciation of offer of loan; statement of estimated amount which would be used for purchases in the United States. 520
Apr. 19 ] From the Italian Ambassador Statement of Italy’s financial situation and estimate of loan needed for purchases in the United States. 522
[Page XLVII]1542 Apr. 20 To the British Ambassador; the same to the French, Italian, and Russian Ambassadors Inquires if his Government has representative in this country who is authorized to assume obligations. 524
113 Apr. 23 [Rec’d Apr. 24] From the British Ambassador Amount of loan desired by Great Britain; Ambassador authorized to sign necessary documents. 524
May 2 [Rec’d May 3] From the French Ambassador France desires U. S. loan; Ambassador authorized to sign necessary documents. 525
May 3 The British Ambassador to the Secretary of the Treasury Applies for advance to cover May financial obligations, and gives estimate of certain future requirements. 525
May 5 From the Head of the British Special Mission Expresses appreciation of promptness with which the United States met Great Britain’s immediate financial obligations. 526
860 May 7 [Rec’d May 8] From the Belgian Minister Applies for loan to Belgium and quotes his official power to act in matter. 526
May 9 From the Secretary of the Treasury Negotiations regarding foreign loans will be communicated to Department of State. Status of British loans. 527
May 9 From the Secretary of the Treasury Statement regarding loans to France. 528
May 9 From the Secretary of the Treasury Statement covering negotiations effecting loan to Italy. 528
May 16 From the Secretary of the Treasury Statement covering negotiations regarding loan to Belgium. 529
May 25 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Reports further advances on loans to Great Britain and Italy, which complete the sums agreed upon for those countries. 529

british representations as to the inadequacy of sums provided–the question of taking up the “morgan overdraft”–replies to british representations

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Undated From the British Embassy Telegram of May 26 from Balfour requesting the Secretary of the Treasury to obtain assurance of funds for British purchases here. 530
May 29 Commercial Adviser of British Embassy to Secretary of Treasury Application for advance of sums to cover British requirements for month of June. 530
June 9 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Reports first advance during month of June on loan to Great Britain. 531
[Page XLVIII] June 13 From the Assistance Secretary of the Treasury Belgium’s application for immediately advance and monthly loan is under consideration 531
6545 June 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Disappointment in Great Britain at failure to receive expected installment of loan from U. S. Treasury. 532
June 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British representations regarding inadequacy of sums provided for British purchases in the United States and danger of financial collapse. 532
July 1 [Rec’d July 2] From the British Ambassador Financial position of Great Britain perilous; relief from responsibility for Allied expenditures in the United States expected; specific aid requested. 533
6645 July 5 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British expectation that sum to cover Morgan overdraft would be first call on the Liberty Loan. 535
July 6 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury Statement of recent loans and credits to Allies including Russia; tabulation of all loans to date. 536
July 2 [Rec’d July 7] From the British Embassy Draft scheme for an Inter-Allied Council to coordinate demands for supplies before submitting requirements to the United States. 537
July 9 From the Secretary of the Treasury Forwards for transmittal his note of July 9 to the British Ambassador, in reply to the latter’s statement of British financial requirements and request for aid. 539
5139 July 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes the Secretary of the Treasury’s note of July 12 to the British Foreign Secretary denying promise to pay Morgan overdraft and wing loan negotiations. 543
July 17 From the British Embassy Points out that financial system of the Allies will collapse unless the United States lends aid. 545

proposal of the secretary of the treasury, transmitted july 19, for an inter-allied council on war purchases and finance and for an american purchasing commission–british memorandum, transmitted july 20, in justification of requests for increased assistance–reply of the allied governments, july 26, to the proposal for an inter-allied council and a purchasing commission

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 18 From the Secretary of the Treasury Forwards for transmittal his identic notes of July 18 to the representatives of Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Belgium, and Serbia proposing establishment of an Inter-Allied Council on War Purchases and Finance, and an American Purchasing Commission. 54
[Page XLIX] July 20 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Statement of further advance and total loan made to Great Britain. 548
6779 July 20 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Memorandum on financial situation in Great Britain to be forwarded for the President and McAdoo. 549
6780 July 20 [Rec’d July 21] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes memorandum from the British Chancellor of the Exchequer to the Secretary of the Treasury on financial situation in Great Britain 549
July 26 From the Allied Ambassadors Forward for transmittal their joint note of July 26 to the Secretary of the Treasury in acknowledgment of proposal for an Inter-Allied Council, etc. 555
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the British Embassy Presents Balfour’s telegram of Aug. 2 offering assistance in estimating expenditures and seeking repayment of certain sums advanced by Great Britain for Russia. 558
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the British Embassy Presents Balfour’s telegram of Aug. 2 transmitting message from Chancellor of Exchequer to McAdoo suggesting plan to avoid crisis in Allied finances. 559
6877 Aug. 2 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Balfour represents financial position as perilous; awaits the President’s reply to telegram. 560
Aug. 2 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury Credit is established in the United States for maintenance of the Belgian Army. 560
Aug. 6 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury Announces additional credits and loans to France and Italy for August; table of foreign loans and credits to date. 560

reply of the secretary of the treasury, august 14, to the british memorandum on increased assistance, urging coordination of requirements–constitution of the purchasing commission–agreement of the british and french governments, august 31, to the constitution of the interallied council–the question of the greek loan as a factor in hastening coordination

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5300 Aug. 14 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes the Secretary of the Treasury’s note of Aug. 14 to the British Chancellor of the Exchequer, in reply to latter’s memorandum on financial situation in Great Britain. 561
391 Aug. 19 From the Minister in Greece (tel.) Greece requests military loan in order to mobilize against Central powers. 564
Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 21] From the French Ambassador France confirms declaration of Greece and calls attention to importance of reenforcing the Army of the Orient. 565
[Page L] Aug. 31 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Forwards text of Purchasing Commission agreement of Aug. 27 with Italy. Similar agreements made with Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, and Serbia. 565
260 Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 1] From the British Ambassador Acceptance of U. S. proposal for organization of an Inter-Allied Council in Europe. The United States is asked to nominate chairman. 568
7087 Sept. 3 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Designation of British representatives with full powers in respect to loans. 569
328 Sept. 8 To the Minister in Greece (tel.) Refers Greece to Inter-Allied Council, about to be established in Europe, regarding request for loan. 569
5396 Sept. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in Russia, France, and Italy Importance of promptly naming members of Inter-Allied Council; attention called to application of Greece for war loan. 570
7218 Sept. 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British Government hastens to nominate delegates to the Inter-Allied Council. 571
Sept. 21 From the French Ambassador; similar note from the British Ambassador France recommends that credit and certain supplies for Greece be obtained in the United States. 571

the appointment of delegates to the inter-allied council–financial negotiations at paris and london through the american delegate, crosby–french project of separate councils for supplies and finance–organization of a single inter-allied council at london, december 13

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Oct. 16 To the French Ambassador; mutatis mutandis, to representatives of certain other countries U. S. delegate to act in consultative capacity in Inter-Allied Council will be designated. Prompt organization is urged. 572
Oct. 19 From the British Ambassador Allies request that U. S. delegate to Inter-Allied Council act as chairman. British delegates nominated. 573
Oct. 20 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury Table showing total of foreign loans and credits in the United States to date. 574
997/C–6 Oct. 25 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the Italian Ambassador Appointment of Italian delegates to Inter-Allied Council. Request that U. S. delegate accept presidency. 574
[Page LI] Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Recommends U. S. representation on committee to control purchase and distribution, and coordination of policy toward Greece. 575
1877 Nov. 6 To the British Ambassador; the same to representatives of certain other countries Designation of U. S. delegate to Inter-Allied Council; no objection to his accepting presidency. 576
Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 12] From the French Ambassador French request that U. S. representative be appointed on committee to decide financial policy of Allies toward Greece. 576
5775 Nov. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McAdoo to Crosby Personal views and those of Inter-Allied Council requested on Italy’s application for large additional loans and credit. 577
2 Nov. 13 From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Organization of Inter-Allied Council delayed. Plan suggested for immediate relief of Belgium. 577
3 Nov. 14 From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Asks permission to state that the United States is considering advisability of raising rate of interest on foreign loans. 578
5821 Nov. 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McAdoo to Crosby Instructions to make statement that higher rate of interest on future loans is considered necessary. 578
5825 Nov. 15 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Leffingwell to Crosby Inquires views on Canada’s stand regarding purchasing arrangements, on measures for relief of Greece, Japan’s assistance, further loans to Serbia and Belgium, etc. 579
5 Nov. 16 From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Recommendations regarding further loans to Italy and Belgium, etc. 580
8 Nov. 21 From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Re Canadian purchases, disposition of reimbursed funds, Greek and Italian situation, financial aid from Japan, etc. 581
9 Nov. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 22] From the Delegate to the ] Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Recommendations regarding anticipated expenditures, disposition of ship-construction funds returnable to Great Britain, and loans 583
5872 Nov. 22 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Leffingwell to Crosby Situation in Italy requires prompt and liberal financial support. Recommendations requested. 584
[Page LII]2794 Nov. 25 [Rec’d Nov. 27] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Crosby to McAdoo Recommends certain credits for Italy but no further commitments until study of needs by Inter-Allied Council. 585
2813 Nov. 28 [Rec’d Nov. 29] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Crosby to McAdoo French project of separate councils for supplies and finance. 586
2902 Dec. 3 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): McAdoo to Crosby Unfavorable to two councils, but willing to accept judgment of Colonel House and Crosby. 586
2916 Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in France (tel.): McAdoo Plan approved for meeting Morgan overdraft; Du Pont notes should be taken care of by British. 587
13 Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 6] From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Desirability of organizing two councils. 587
2009 Dec. 7 To the French Ambassador No U. S. representative will be sent to Athens conference; France and Great Britain could submit from Paris conference suggestions regarding financial aid for Greece. 587
5994 Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Leffingwell to Crosby Proposed plan for two councils approved. 588
6029 Dec. 13 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Leffingwell to Crosby No commitment on part of the United States to exchange demand obligations for long time bonds. 588
7984 Dec. 16 [Rec’d Dec. 17] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): to McAdoo Single council organized. Review of financial situation and recommendations for prompt action regarding credit. 589
6109 Dec. 24 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McAdoo to Crosby Cash advances to foreign governments available for January. Necessity for coordination. 590
Jan. 3, 1918 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Tabulated report on U. S. foreign loans and credits to date. 592
[Page LIII]

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Provision and Administration of Shipping

british, russian, and italian statements of shipping needs–contact between american and british authorities during and after the visit of the balfour mission–delegation by the president, july 11, to the shipping board and emergency fleet corporation of powers for the acquisition of ships–resolution of the shipping board, communicated to the british embassy july 24, for the requisition of completed ships built in american yards for foreign owners–protest of the british government–suggestions from the british and allied governments as to american cooperation in the utilization of shipping

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5952 Apr. 6, 1917 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes memorandum of the British Controller of Shipping on shipping needs with suggestion of U.S. aid. 593
6057 Apr. 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Forwards Hoover’s report on alarming conditions of shipping and his recommendations. 594
1216 Apr. 24 From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russian unofficial request for tonnage for Archangel. 595
Undated From the British Embassy Statement on shipping needs and urgency of situation. 595
May 15 From the Head of the British Special Mission Steel requirements for war construction; British ship contracts in the United States. 596
May 23 From the Head of the British Special Mission Forwards copy of his letter of May 23 to the Shipping Board regarding shipping output and question of ownership of ships previously contracted for by British Government. 597
157 May 29 [Rec’d May 31] From the Counselor of the British Embassy British officials are coming to the United States to consult with the Shipping Board. 599
4909 June 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); similar tel. to the Ambassador in France Italy’s request for coal. Inquiry regarding British decrease in coal shipments to Italy. 600
June 1 [Rec’d June 5] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Urges U. S. tonnage for shipment of munitions for Russia through Archangel. 600
6367 June 5 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British assurance that lack of sailing vessels is only reason Great Britain does not fully supply Italy with coal. 601
1474 June 9 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Shipping Board is endeavoring to secure vessels for Archangel trade. 602
6543 June 26 [Rec’d June 27] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Great Britain’s oil supply is depleted by submarines; measures for replenishing recommended. 602
2664 July 11 Executive order Delegation to Shipping Board and Emergency Fleet Corporation of powers for the acquisition and disposition of ships. 603
[Page LIV]6761 July 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Recommends designation of U. S. member on Allied Chartering Committee. 604
July 23 From the Vice Chairman of U. S. Shipping Board Requests delivery of notice to British and Norwegian representatives of requisition of ships built in U. S. yards. Text of resolution. 604
223 July 25 [Rec’d July 28] From the British Ambassador Representations regarding requisition of British ships. British policy in like cases. 605
Undated [Rec’d July 28] From the British Embassy Foreign Office telegram: meeting of Allied representatives to discuss shipping problems; necessity of U. S. representation. 608
July 28 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Requests statement of U. S. import needs which certain outward-bound neutral ships from Northern Europe should carry. 608
Aug. 1 To the British Ambassador Will await result of shipping conference being held in the United States before taking part in proposed London conference. 609
July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 3] From Italian, Russian, British, and French representatives Shipping situation and necessity for U. S. cooperation. 610

requisition, august 3, of ships under construction in american yards–representations of the british government, transmitted august 21, against the requisition of ships building on british orders; reply of the chairman of the shipping board, transmitted september 7; acceptance of the measure by the british government, october 26–representations as to the shipping needs of france and italy–special representations regarding oil tanker tonnage–conflict between american and british plans for chartering norwegian ships

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 3 From the U. S. Shipping Board Decision to requisition all ships in process of construction in U. S. yards. 613
Aug. 3 From the Vice Chairman of the U. S. Shipping Board Plans’ for taking over by the Government all merchant ships under construction. Question of international objections. 613
Aug. 3 General Manager of Emergency Fleet Corporation to owners of U. S. shipyards (tel.) Official notification of Government requisition of all ships building in U. S. yards. 614
Aug. 4 To the Chairman of the U. S. Shipping Board Sees no objection internationally to taking over construction of ships to expedite completion if indemnification is made. 614
Aug. 15 British Shipping Delegate to Chairman of U. S. Shipping Board Representations against requisition of ships building in the United States in name of Cunard Steamship Co. for Great Britain. 616
[Page LV] Aug. 16 [Rec’d Aug. 21] From the French High Commissioner French tonnage needs; proposal of U. S. navigation corporation to manage French tonnage building in the united states 617
6993 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes Balfour’s letter on requisition of British-owned ships united states. 622
Sept. 5 To President Wilson Reports conversation with French official regarding requisitioning of ships. 623
5388 Sept. 7 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes note of Chairman of Shipping Board justifying the requisition of British ships building in the United States. 624
7291 Sept. 29 [Rec’d Sept.30] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Conflict between U. S. and British plans for chartering Norwegian ships; coordination urged. 620
356 Oct. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the British Embassy Requirements of tanker tonnage for oil transport to the United Kingdom. 627
Oct. 16 [Rec’d Oct. 17] From the Italian Ambassador Outlines Italy’s need for food and war supplies, and appeals to the United States for tonnage relief. 632
7538 Oct. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Quotes aide mémoire of the British Government on British attitude toward requisition of ships; also quotes memorandum of Controller of Shipping on British need of steel. 633

shipping negotiations in connection with the inter-allied conference–understanding for an equal division of chartered neutral tonnage between great britain and the united states–projects for the coordination of shipping policy

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
5765 Nov. 9 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Hurley to Colby Instructions regarding subject of neutral tonnage; equal division proposed; Great Britain’s attempt at control. 635
5795 Nov. 13 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to McCormick British attempt to control Norwegian shipping. U. S. stand on division of tonnage. 635
Nov. 15 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the Special Representative of W. T. B. (tel.): to W. T. B. Situation regarding Norwegian shipping. British acceptance of proposed equal division of chartered neutral tonnage. 636
5480 Nov. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Hurley to Colby Consideration of the petroleum and tank-steamer tonnage situation. 637
5841 Nov. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Jones to McCormick Solution of tonnage, food, and munitions problems assured if Britain agrees to equal division of of Norwegian tonnage 638
[Page LVI] Nov. 24 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Submits for approval draft of telegram to his Government proposing measures for coordination of shipping. 639
Dec. 1 [Rec’d Dec. 2] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): Colby to Hurley Suggests that snips loaded for Allied ports be permitted to proceed. 640
Dec. 1 [Rec’d Dec. 4] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Validity of Great Britain’s Norwegian Tonnage Agreement. 641
563 Dec. 3 [Rec’d Dec. 5] From the British Ambassador Forwards for U. S. assent tonnage-control resolutions approved by British War Cabinet. 641
5959 Dec. 5 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): Munson to Colby Urges confirmation of agreement regarding Norwegian tonnage. 643
Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 13] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Recommends London resolution regarding division and employment of Norwegian tonnage. 643
591 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 13] From the British Ambassador Presents for U. S. sanction additional resolution regarding distribution of Norwegian tonnage, approved by British War Cabinet. 644
7983 Dec. 16 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from Gunther Negotiations regarding distribution of Swedish tonnage. 645
2900 Dec. 15 [Rec’d Dec. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.): to the President Quotes note of Dec. lo from the French Premier to President Wilson: urgent appeal for gasoline and tank steamers for France. 646
619 Dec. 17 [Rec’d Dec. 18] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy British memorandum of tonnage needs and suggested program for U. S. assistance. 647
Dec. 14 [Rec’d Dec. 19] From the Commercial Adviser of the British Claims upon America for tanker tonnage to replace double-bottom boats now needed for carrying 648
642 Dec. 20 From the Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy Decisions reached by Inter-Allied Conference at Paris regarding London resolutions on control of tonnage. 650
6103 Dec. 22 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): W. T. B. to Gunther Disposition of Swedish tonnage. 651
[Page LVII]

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Supply and Distribution of Food

suggestions made by mr. hoover in april for international cooperation–creation of the united states food administration, august 10–establishment of the international sugar committee, the meat and fats executive, and the allied provisions export commission–delegation by the purchasing commission to the food administration of the coordination of allied food purchases in the united states

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
4675 Apr. 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Appointment of Hoover as chairman of Food Commission of the Council of National Defence. Instructions. 652
6008 Apr. 16 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Reports approval of Hoover as chairman of Food Commission and of his plan for unified purchase of food in the United States. 652
6037 Apr. 19 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Suggestions made by Hoover for international cooperation on food questions. Approval awaited. 652
6035 Apr. 19 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Hoover’s report and recommendations on food situation in Allied countries. 654
Aug. 31 The Food Administrator to the British Food Controller (tel.) Negotiations for disposal of Cuban sugar crop and proposal of an international sugar committee. 655
Sept. 5 F. A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) Quotes British reply approving disposal of Cuban sugar crop. 656
Sept. 7 F. A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator Allies agree to a Meat and Fats Executive; mission for working out details. 656
Sept. 21 Public statement of Food Administration Announcement of an International Sugar Committee. 657
Sept. 27 The Purchasing Commission to the Food Administrator Coordination of U. S. and Allied requirements through the Food Administration and its agencies. 657

the wheat crisis of november–december–discussions in connection with the inter-allied conference–representation of the united states on the inter-allied commission on scientific alimentation

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1089 Nov. 3 To the Chargé in Switzerland(tel.) For publication: report of Department of Agriculture on cereal situation. 658
Nov. 8 The Food Administrator to the F. A. Representative at London (tel.) Purchase of Argentina wheat for Allies imperative. Discussion of situation with Wheat Executive in London suggested. 659
[Page LVIII] Nov. 15 The Food Administrator to the Special Representative of the F. A. (tel.) Wheat crisis; necessity for imports from India and Australia pending Argentine harvest. 659
Nov. 16 The Special Representative of the F. A. to the Food Administrator (tel.) Efforts to secure immediate delivery of wheat to the Allies. 660
Nov. 17 The Food Administrator to the Special Representative of the F. A. (tel.) Estimation of Allied cereal requirements until next harvest and probable source of supply. 660
Nov. 20 The Food Administrator to the Special Representative of the F. A. (tel.) Available supplies of wheat and Other grains for export from the United States and Canada. 661
81 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 25] The F. A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) Quotes note from the British Food Controller to the U. S. Food Administrator on inadequacy of North American exportable grain surplus and necessity for increase. 661
Nov. 27 The Food Administrator to the F. A. Representative at London (tel.) Quotes his note for the British Food Controller proposing solution of wheat problem. 662
93 Dec. 16 The F. A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) Statement of cereal needs of the Allies, Switzerland, Greece, and Belgium. 662
96 Dec. 22 The F. A. Representative at London to the Food Administrator (tel.) Quotes note from the British Food Controller to the U. S. Food Administrator on the critical food situation in Great Britain. 663
Dec. 24 The Food Administrator to the F. A. Representative at London (tel.) American cereal program met, but adequate shipping facilities not assured. 664
3023 Jan. 3, 1918 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) The Secretary of Agriculture will name representative to study production jointly with the Allies. 664
3048 Jan. 16, 1918 [Rec’d Jan. 17] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Creation of scientific committee for study of inter-Allied revictualing programs is being considered. 665
Jan. 21, 1918 From the Food Administration Formation of Inter-Allied Commission on Scientific Alimentation. Hoover suggests persons to represent the United States. 665
[Page LIX]

Cooperation of the United States with the Allied Powers in the Procurement and Distribution of Nitrates

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
7119 Sept. 7, 1917 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British suggestion of inter-Allied nitrate commission with joint agent in Chile to arrange distribution. 666
7163 Sept. 13 [Rec’d Sept. 14] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Nitrate of Soda Executive proposed; articles of agreement submitted for Allied approval. 667
7384 Oct. 10 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Pooling of Allied nitrate purchases agreed upon. Opposition to purchasing operations being directed from Washington. 669
5730 Nov. 5 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Discussion with British War Mission of purchasing agency and U. S. nitrate requirements. 670
5831 Nov. 16 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Suggested modifications of plan proposed by Great Britain for operation of a Nitrate of Soda Executive. 671
Nov. 17 From the Consul General at London (tel.) British views on the organization of the proposed Nitrate Executive. 673
Undated [Rec’d Nov. 201 From the Consul General at London (tel.) Reports discussion of Department’s views on Nitrate Executive. 674
Nov. 30 To the Consul General at London (tel.) Inquires why Japan is not included in negotiations for nitrate agreement. 675
Dec. 4 To the Consul General at London (tel.) Further U. S. representations regarding operation of Nitrate Executive, to be communicated to its members. 675
Dec. 6 To the Consul General at London (tel.) Authorization to compromise on U. S. stand regarding director of purchases for Nitrate Executive. 677
Dec. 8 [Rec’d Dec 9] From the Consul General at London (tel.) Reports progress in organization of Nitrate Executive with respect to Department’s suggestions. 677
Dec. 10 [Rec’d Dec 11] From the Consul General at London (tel.) Quotes draft of nitrate agreement for U. S. approval. 678
Dec. 15 To the Consul General at London (tel.) Authorization to sign proposed nitrate agreement with certain reservations. 680
Dec. 20 From the Consul General at London (tel.) Nitrate agreement signed. 681n
[Page LX]

The Far East in Relation to the War

negotiations concerning the exportation of steel from the united states to japan and the chartering of japanese ships–negotiations concerning advantages to be accorded china by the allied powers and measures to be taken by china as a belligerent; limited participation of the united states–allocation of german and austrian ships seized by china and siam–discussions regarding the proposed dispatch of chinese troops to europe; consideration of a request for Japanese troops–assurance by the chinese government, september 28, as to retention of control of its military resources–arrangements for the patrol of waters about hawaii by a japanese cruiser

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Japanese Ambassador Japan’s demand for iron and steel. 682
Aug. 16 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the Chargé in Japan (tel.) Japanese shipping interests call attention to situation which will follow U. S. ban on export of steel. 684
Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug.28] From the British Embassy Recommends that the United States charter Japanese ships and supply Japan with shipbuilding material 685
Sept. 5 [Rec’d Sept. 6] From the Minister in China (tel.) Quotes joint note of certain Allied representatives to China regarding latter’s entrance into the war; U. S. adherence requested. 685
Sept. 7 To the Minister in China (tel.) Inquires regarding subcharter of German and Austrian ships seized by China and regarding claim of Mohawk Navigation Co. 687
Sept. 12 From the Minister in China (tel.) Postponement of payments of Chinese indemnity and guaranty of continuance of educational program. 688
Sept. 13 To the Chargé in Siam (tel.) U. S. desire to share in apportionment of seized enemy ships. 689
Sept. 20 To the Minister in China (tel.) Limited adherence of the United States to Allied joint note to China regarding latter’s entrance into the war. 689
339 Oct. 1 From the British Embassy Objects to purchase by Mohawk Navigation Co. of enemy ships in Chinese waters. Presents scheme of allocation for U. S. approval. 690
Oct. 2 From the Minister in China (tel.) China’s proposal to send troops to Europe, financed by the United States. 691
Oct. 4 To the Minister in China (tel.) Consideration is being given China’s proposal to dispatch troops to Europe, financed by the United States. 692
Oct. 6 From the French Ambassador Consideration of plans for utilizing Chinese troops in Europe and for transporting them 693
Oct. 13 To the Minister in China (tel.); the same to the Ambassador in Japan Approves British scheme for allocation of German and Austrian ships in Chinese waters. 693
[Page LXI] Oct. 16 [Rec’d Oct. 18] From the French Ambassador Request that the United States attempt to obtain from China satisfactory answer to certain questions in Allied joint note. 694
Oct. 20 To the Minister in Siam (tel.) The United States agrees on scheme for apportioning enemy ships Seized by Siam 694
1652 Sept. 28 [Rec’d Oct. 22] From the Minister in China Forwards copy of his note of Sept. 28 to the Foreign Minister on China’s retaining control of its military forces and equipment. 695
Sept. 28 The Chinese Foreign Minister to the American Minister China will retain complete control of its military forces and equipment. 695n
Oct. 23 Department memorandum France and Great Britain propose to request Japanese troops on west front and desire U. S. approval. 696
1978 Oct. 24 To the French Ambassador Consideration of question of Japanese tonnage for transportation of Chinese troops for service withdrawn. 696
Oct. 30 To the Japanese Ambassador on Special Mission Requests Japanese cruiser patrol of Hawaiian waters, in order that U. S. ship may be withdrawn. 697
Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] From the Japanese Ambassador on Special Mission Japan complies with request to patrol waters around Hawaii. 697
Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 5] From the Minister in China (tel.) China’s assurance of sending troops to Europe; desires U. S. financial aid at once, to expedite carrying out of decision. 698
Nov. 7 [Rec’d Nov. 8] From the British Embassy Proposed re-allocation and distribution of enemy ships in China and Siam to meet needs of Japan. 698
Nov. 10 From the Minister in China (tel.) British and French invitation to China to cooperate in economic blockade of Central powers. 700
Nov. 15 From the Minister in China (tel.) Recommendations in regard to method of financing Chinese expedition to Europe. 700
505 Nov. 13 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the British Ambassador A Chinese combatant brigade in Europe is inadvisable at present. 700
Nov. 17 To the Minister in China (tel.) Inquires meaning of proposed economic blockade of Central powers. 701
1672 Oct. 15 [Rec’d Nov. 19] From the Minister in China Forwards copy of Foreign Minister’s reply to joint note of Allied Ministers regarding measures to be taken by China as a belligerent. 701
Nov. 19 To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.) Instructions to endeavor to obtain Japan’s reply to proposed re-allocation and distribution of ships in China and Siam. 703
[Page LXII]

plans for the deportation of enemy subjects from china to australia; support by the united states–publication of the russo-japanese secret treaty of july 3, 1916

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
544 Nov. 27 From the British Embassy China’s proposed treatment of enemy subjects unsatisfactory. General deportation suggested. 703
Dec. 6 From the Minister in China (tel.) Blockade of Central powers referred to means embargo on exports to Holland and Scandinavia. China is asked to cooperate. 705
Dec. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 8] From the French Embassy Cites Austro-German disturbances in China and urges enemy internment in Australia. 705
Dec. 10 From the British Embassy Japan supports Allies’ proposal to urge upon China deportation of enemy subjects. 706
Dec. 11 To the Minister in China (tel.) Inquires regarding feasibility of plan to expel enemy subjects from China for internment in Australia. 706
Dec. 14 To the Minister in China (tel.) Expedient for China to adopt plan similar to U. S. measures regarding treatment of enemy subjects and their property. 707
Dec. 14 From the Minister in China (tel.) Recommendations regarding deportation of enemies from China. 708
1905 Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Instructions to investigate reported German intention to resume relations with Japan and China through cooperation of Russia. 708
Dec. 18 To the Minister in China (tel.) Favors deportation and internment in Australia of enemy subjects in China. 709
2118 Dec. 18 ] [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Publication of Russo-Japanese secret treaties by Soviet. Provisions of treaty of July 3, 1916. 709
Dec. 23 From the Minister in China (tel.) China’s participation in the war dependent upon U. S. financial support. Plans forming. 710
2127 Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 23] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Japanese Embassy’s statement published in Petrograd disclaiming character attributed to secret treaty. 711
6119 Dec. 26 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McAdoo to Crosby Instructions to lay before Inter-Allied Council project of sending Chinese troops to Europe. 712
Dec. 26 To the Minister in China (tel.) Favors financial assistance to China for military expedition. Approval of Inter-Allied Council awaited. 712
Dec. 27 From the Minister in Siam (tel.) Charter contracts signed for ships allotted the United States. 713
Dec. 27 ] [Rec’d Dec. 28] From the Minister in China (tel.) Asks permission to support proposal of Allied representatives to deport enemy subjects in China. 713
[Page LXIII]15 Dec. 3 [Rec’d Dec. 29] From the Ambassador in Japan Japan’s negotiations with the United States for purchase of steel for shipbuilding; Japanese official statement to the press. 713
Dec. 29 To the Minister in China (tel.) Inquiry regarding place to which it is proposed to deport enemy subjects. 720
Dec. 29 To the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.) Authorization to sign charter parties for certain seized enemy ships. 720
Dec. 30 From the Minister in China (tel.) Allied powers favor proposal that Chinese forces participate in the war. 720
Dec. 31 From the Minister in China (tel.) Allied representatives contemplate deportation to Australia of all enemy subjects in China. 721
Jan. 3, 1918 To the Minister in China (tel.) Permission granted to support Allied representatives for deportation of all enemy subjects from China. 721

Diplomatic and Financial Relations with Rumania

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1256 May 7, 1917 [Rec’d May 9] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Rumania desires a legation in the United States and inquires if Rumanians will be accepted in the U. S. Army. 721
1423 May 21 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.); to repeat in part to the Minister in Rumania McAdoo inquires possibility of sending goods to Rumania through Archangel, and advisability of war loan to Rumania. 722
1319 May 24 [Rec’d May 27] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.): to McAdoo Rumanian situation: recommendations regarding loan, shipments, etc. 722
1446 May 28 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) A Rumanian representative will be received by the United States. 723
80 June 5 [Rec’d June 14] Fom the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Rumanian representations regarding loans and national aspirations of Rumanians in Hungary. 723
1640 Aug. 17 [Rec’d Aug. 21] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.); to McAdoo and Baker also U. S. financial aid to Rumania is recommended to prevent enemy occupation. 724
122 Aug. 22 [Rec’d Aug. 27] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Rumania names its Minister to the United States. Acceptance requested. 725
1674 Sept. 1 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Representative will be sent to Rumania to ascertain means of keeping that country with the Allies. 725
1675 Sept. 1 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Discussion of satisfactory arrangement for rendering aid to Rumania. 726
[Page LXIV]51 Sept. 5 To the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Rumanian Minister named is agreeable to the United States. Sending of experts to discuss Rumanian needs is requested. 727
Aug. 30 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Chargé in Rumania (tel.) Recommends definite assurance of help for Rumania, now impatient. Danger of separate peace. 727
1724 Sept. 9 [Rec’d Sept. 11] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russia is logical source of Rumania’s food supply; U. S. compensation therefor not recommended. 728
1737 Sept. 12 [Rec’d Sept. 16] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.); for Baker also: from Judson Report on Rumanian situation with recommendations. 729
1779 Oct. 15 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Instructions to urge Russia to furnish proper supplies to Rumania. 730
5615 Oct. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): from McAdoo Requests report from London conference on Rumanian affairs. Instructions to inform conference of U. S. loans available for Rumania. 730
1864 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct.19] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Have notified Rumanian Minister of necessity for authorized Rumanian agent in the United States to sign obligations. 731
5650 Oct. 23 To the Minister in Rumania (tel.): from McAdoo Financial arrangement with Russia for supplying food to Rumania. 732
3 Nov. 14 From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Rumanian Minister stopping in Paris, will leave soon for America. 733
13 Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 6] From the Delegate to the Inter-Allied Council (tel.): to McAdoo Recommends temporary arrangement of credit furnished by three of Associated Governments for Rumanian aid. 733
5995 Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.): McAdoo to Crosby Approves joint loan to Rumania. Quotes urgent message from Jassy suggesting action to prevent Rumanian separate peace. 734
2978 Jan. 1, 1918 [Rec’d Jan. 2] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Forwards joint telegram of Dec. 27 from certain of Associated Ministers at Jassy to their Governments on arrangements to extend credit to Rumania for food. 735
Jan. 15, 1918 Remarks of Rumanian Minister to President Wilson Presentation of letters of credence. 736
Jan. 15, 1918 President Wilson’s reply to Rumanian Minister Acceptance of letters of credence. 737
[Page LXV]

The Attitude of the United States and the Allied Powers towards the Socialist Conference at Stockholm

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
362 May 14, 1917 [Rec’d May 15] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Quotes telegram from Allied representatives to their Governments recommending participation, under certain denned conditions, in Socialist conference at Stockholm in June. 738
May 22 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to diplomatic officers in certain other countries No passports will be issued by the United States to Socialists to attend Stockholm conference. 739
May 29 The Dutch-Scandinavian Socialist Committee to President Wilson (tel.) Protest against U. S. refusal of passports for Stockholm conference. 739
416 June 5 [Rec’d June 6] From the Minis Sweden (tel.) Quotes proclamation of Executive Committee of Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Deputies: appeal for common decisive action for peace in Stockholm conference. 740
June 8 From the British Ambassador Presents Balfour’s note to him stating that British Socialists have been granted passports to visit Petrograd; inadvisable to deny them permission to attend Stockholm conference 741
June 12 [Rec’d June 14] From the Editor of the Chicago Tribune Forwards statement; of correspondent in Stockholm regarding participation in the conference by U. S. Socialists. 742
June 14 To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune Consideration will be given correspondent’s message regarding participation in Stockholm conference 743
470 June 18 [Rec’d June 19] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Individuals claiming to represent American Socialist parties arrive at Stockholm. Official statement for press requested. 744
250 June 22 To the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Information will be sent to counteract statements of those claiming to represent U. S. Socialist parties at Stockholm. 744
1521 June 28 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.): Gompers to Duncan Executive Council of American Federation of Labor declines to participate in proposed Stockholm conference. Sept. 17. 745
1574 July 16 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Inquiry regarding proposed conference, presumably in Petrograd, to which U. S. Socialist Party has been invited. 746
5173 July 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France Inquires British attitude toward proposed Socialist conference, also whether considered official or involving German intrigue. 746
[Page LXVI]1535 July 20 [Rec’d July 21] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Unfavorable report on proposed Socialist conference. 747
2320 July 22 [Rec’d July 231 From the Ambassador in France Allies will act in unison regarding Socialist conference. Unfavorable attitude of France. 747
6826 July 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Henderson states British Labor Party will support Stockholm conference in principle. 749
5222 July 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Assumes that reference in to Stockholm conference was intended to be Petrograd conference. 749
6848 July 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Reference to Stockholm conference in 6826 is correct: to be held there. British attitude not yet determined. 749
Aug. 1 From the British Embassy British Government not committed, by reason of Henderson’s presence, to any decisions arrived at in Socialist conferences. 750
2354 Aug. 2 [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Convinced that neither England, France, nor Italy will permit delegates to Stockholm. Henderson criticized for attending preliminary Socialist conference. 750
5251 Aug. 3 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France Inquires whether British Socialists will be permitted to attend Stockholm conference. 751
6893 Aug. 4 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Proposed conference at London of representatives of Labor and Socialist parties, approved by British Government. 751
6894 Aug. 4 From the Ambassador in Great Attendance of British delegates at Stockholm conference is under consideration 751
5267 Aug. 7 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France Socialist delegate to Stockholm conference refused passport by the United States. 752
2370 Aug. 7 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) France opposed to allowing its Socialist delegates to attend Stockholm conference. 752
6937 Aug. 13 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Henderson forced to resign from the Cabinet. 752
6951 Aug. 14 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British permission to attend Stockholm conference will not be granted. 753
1634 Aug. 16 [Rec’d Aug. 19] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Discussion of Stockholm Socialist conference with Kerensky and Foreign Minister, also with Allied Ambassadors. 753
[Page LXVII]1655 Aug. 28 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) U. S. passports refused persons desiring to attend Stockholm conference. 754
697 Aug. 30 [Rec’d Aug. 31] From the Minister in Sweden (tel.) Russian criticism of America for not permitting delegates to attend Stockholm conference. 755

United States Declaration of Respect for the Neutrality of Switzerland

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
1969 Nov. 1 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Switzerland suggests that the United States declare its intention to observe Swiss neutrality. 755
5895 Nov. 24 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.); the same to the Ambassadors in France and Italy Inquires if Government to which accredited would object to U. S. declaration of intention to observe Swiss neutrality. 756
2809 Nov. 27 [Rec’d Nov. 28] From the Ambassador France (tel.) France sees no objection to U. S. declaration regarding Swiss neutrality. 756
7832 Nov. 29 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Great Britain considers that Allied powers should make simultaneous declaration of Swiss inviolability 757
Nov. 30 From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.) Italy sees no objection to U. S. declaration regarding Swiss neutrality. 757
1171 Nov. 30 To the Chargé in Switzerland (tel.) Instructions to present formally to Switzerland U. S. assurance of respect for Swiss neutrality. 758
113 G. R. Dec. 12 Chief of the Swiss Political Department to the American Chargé Appreciation of U. S. friendliness; assurance of determination to maintain neutrality. 758

Relations of the United States with the Polish National Committee

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 23 [Rec’d July 24] From the British Embassy Suggests a Polish committee to represent Poles in each of Allied countries, in recognition of Poland’s claim to independence. 759
5344 Aug. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) Instructions to report British attitude toward formation in the United States of a Polish provisional government and establishment of a military force. 760
Sept. 3 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the British Embassy Organization of Polish National Committee at Paris; U. S. views regarding recognition requested. 761
[Page LXVIII]7098 Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 5] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) British attitude toward formation in the United States of a Polish provisional government and establishment of a military force. 762
Oct. 4 Representative of Polish National Committee to President Wilson (tel.) Plea on behalf of Polish organization in Chicago for sanction of a Polish army and recognition of Polish National Committee at Paris. 762
Oct. 8 Public statement of War Department Proposed campaign for recruiting in the United States for Polish Army. 765
2703 Oct. 8 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Inclined to recognize officially Polish National Committee at Paris. A formal request for recognition is suggested. 765
Oct. 11 From the British Embassy British Government willing to recognize Polish National Committee, Paris, as official. U. S. views requested. 766
2591 Oct. 11 [Rec’d Oct. 12] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) French endorsement of Polish National Committee; its personal, purposes, and parties represented. 766
1860 Oct. 11 [Rec’d Oct. 14] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Foreign Minister asks U. S. assent to a Russian declaration of Poland’s independence on occasion of Kosciuszko memorial Ceremonies in Petrograd. 769
2715 Oct. 15 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Reported that Russia’s recognition not requested by Polish National Committee; the United States will act with Russia. 769
1778 Oct. 15 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Department desires to work in harmony with Russia in matter of recognizing Polish National Committee 771
2622 Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 21] From the Ambassador in France (tel.) Quotes note and memorandum of President of Polish National Committee: request for recognition; Committee’s attitude toward Russia. Comments. 771
1879 Oct. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 22] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Official Russian declaration of Polish independence read by Foreign Minister in Polish meeting at Petrograd. Speeches of Ambassadors quoted. 775
1896 Oct. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 28] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russian recognition of Polish National Committee deemed impractical and separate Polish army in Russia. impossible 776
1907 Oct. 24 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Russian announcement of recognition of Polish National Committee. 777
1824 Nov. 2 To the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) U. S. recognition of Polish National Committee can not longer be delayed. 777
Nov. 5 Department memorandum Italy has recognized the Polish National Committee at Paris. 778
[Page LXIX]2799 Nov. 10 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) The United States extends formal recognition to the Polish National Committee at Paris. 778
2017 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 26] From the Ambassador in Russia (tel.) Questions relative to Polish National Committee must await stable government in Russia. 779
5805 Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 27] From the Ambassador in France Transmits letter of Oct. 24 from Mr. Marjan Seyda for the Polish National Committee on the political situation in Poland. 779
5843 Nov. 23 [Rec’d Dec. 10] From the Ambassador in France Transmits letter of Nov. 13 from the President of the Polish National Committee on German political offensive and emancipation 785
Dec. 20 To the Representative of the Polish National Committee No objection to establishment of bureau in Washington or New York for identification of Poles, etc. 790

Relations of the United States with the Armenian National Delegation

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
2294 May 29 To the Ambassador in France (tel.) Inquiry regarding status of Armenian representative accredited to France. 791
2144 June 2 From the Ambassador in France (tel.) No Armenian representative is accredited to France; Boghos Nubar is authority on Armenian affairs. 791
5500 June 1 [Rec’d June 13] From the Ambassador in France Transmits letter of May 24 from the President of the Armenian National Delegation proposing an autonomous Armenia, composed of Armenian territory in Asiatic Turkey, under Allied protection. 791
Sept. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the President of the Armenian National Delegation The United States is requested to receive representative of Armenian National Delegation, seeking liberation of Armenians from Turkish yoke. 795
Nov. 27 To the President of the Armenian National Delegation Acknowledges letter designating representative of Armenian National Delegation to Washington. 796
[Page [LXX]]