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Official positions of principal persons mentioned in the correspondence

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  • Adee, Alvey A., Second Assistant Secretary of State of the United States.
  • Albert, King of the Belgians.
  • Alfonso XIII, King of Spain.
  • Ali Kuli Khan, Nabil-ed-Dovleh, Persian Chargé d’Affaires at Washington.
  • Anderson, George E., U. S. Consul General at Hongkong.
  • Andrews, William Whiting, U. S. Secretary of Legation at Bucharest.
  • Asquith, Herbert Henry, Prime Minister of Great Britain.
  • Bailey, James G., U. S. Secretary of Legation at Lisbon.
  • Baker, E. Carleton, U. S. Consul at Nagasaki.
  • Baker, Newton D., Secretary of War of the United States.
  • Bakhméteff, George, Russian Ambassador at Washington.
  • Balfour, Arthur J., First Lord of the British Admiralty prior to Dec. 11, 1916; Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs after Dec. 11.
  • Barclay, Colville A. de R., Counselor of the British Embassy at Washington.
  • Barton, Rev. James L., Secretary of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and Chairman of the Board of Near East Relief.
  • Bassermann, Ernst, Member of the Reichstag; leader of the National Liberals.
  • Benedict XV, The Pope.
  • Benson, William S., Admiral, U. S. Navy.
  • Bergholz, Leo Allen, U. S. Consul General at Dresden.
  • Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich A., Count von., German Ambassador at Washington.
  • Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald Theodore Friedrich Alfred von., German Imperial Chancellor and Prussian Minister President.
  • Beyens, Baron E., Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Bicknell, Ernest P., National Director, and Director General of Civilian Relief, of the American Red Cross.
  • Birch, Thomas Howard, U. S. Minister in Portugal.
  • Bissing, Moritz Ferdinand, Baron von., German Governor General in Belgium.
  • Bliss, Robert Woods, U. S. Counselor of Embassy at Paris.
  • Boardman, Mabel Thorp, Member of the Executive Committee of the American Red Cross.
  • Brewster, William M., U. S. Consular Agent at Alexandretta, Turkey.
  • Briand, Aristide, President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs of France.
  • Brittain, Joseph I., U. S. Consul General at Sydney, Australia.
  • Bryce, James, Viscount, Member of the British House of Lords; former Ambassador to the United States.
  • Bryn, Helmer Halvorsen, Norwegian Minister at Washington.
  • Burian von Rajecz, Stephan, Baron., Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs and President of the Council of Ministers.
  • Burleson, Albert Sidney, U. S. Postmaster General.
  • Capelle, Eduard von, German Admiral and Secretary of State for the Navy.
  • Cave, Sir George, Solicitor General of Great Britain.
  • Cecil, Edgar Algernon Robert, Viscount., Minister of Blockade and Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of Great Britain.
  • Charles I (IV), Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary (Nov. 21 and Dec. 30, 1916, respectively).
  • Chinda, Sutemi, Viscount, Japanese Ambassador at Washington.
  • Churchill, Winston Spencer, Member of the British Parliament.
  • Clemenceau, Georges Eugène Benjamin., Former President of the French Council of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Clémentel, Etienne, French Minister of Commerce.
  • Coffin, William, U. S. Consul General at Budapest.
  • Constantine, King of the Hellenes.
  • Crawford, Sir Richard F., Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy at Washington.
  • Crowe, Sir Eyre, British Assistant Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
  • Czernin, Count Ottokar, Austro-Hungarian Minister in Roumania.
  • Daniels, Josephus, Secretary of the U. S. Navy.
  • Dearing, Fred Morris, U. S. Chargé d’Affaires in Russia.
  • Densmore, John B., Solicitor for the Department of Labor.
  • Diederich, Henry W., U. S. Consul General at Antwerp.
  • Djemal Pasha, Turkish Minister of Marine; Commander of the Fourth Army in Syria.
  • Dominíci, Don Santos A., Venezuelan Minister at Washington.
  • Doumergue, Gaston, French Minister of Colonies.
  • Droppers, Garrett, U. S. Minister in Greece.
  • Dunlap, Maurice P., U. S. Consul at Stavanger.
  • Ebert, Friedrich, German Socialist member of the Reichstag.
  • Egan, Maurice Francis, U. S. Minister in Denmark.
  • Einstein, Lewis, U. S. Special Agent at Sofia with rank of Chargé d’Affaires.
  • Ekengren, W. A. F., Swedish Minister at Washington.
  • Elkus, Abram I., U. S. Ambassador in Turkey after July 1916.
  • Elston, John A., Member of the U. S. House of Representatives.
  • Falkenhayn, Erich G. A. S. von, Chief of the General Staff of the German Army prior to Aug. 1916.
  • Ferdinand I, King of Roumania.
  • Fitzgerald, John J., Member of the U. S. House of Representatives.
  • FitzRoy, Sir Almeric William, Clerk of the British Privy Council.
  • Flett, James, U. S. Consular Agent at Kirkwall.
  • Francis, David R., U. S. Ambassador in Russia.
  • Francis Joseph I, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary (died November 21, 1916).
  • Garrels, Arthur, U. S. Consul at Alexandria.
  • George V, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, etc., Emperor of India.
  • Gerard, James Watson, U. S. Ambassador in Germany.
  • Gibson, Hugh S., U. S. Secretary of Embassy at London.
  • Glazebrook, Otis A., U. S. Consul at Jerusalem.
  • Goding, Frederick W., U. S. Consul General at Guayaquil.
  • Greene, Warwick, Director of the War Relief Commission at Stockholm.
  • Gregory, Thomas Watt, Attorney General of the United States.
  • Grew, Joseph Clark, U. S. Counselor of Embassy at Berlin.
  • Grey, Sir Edward, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs prior to Dec. 11, 1916.
  • Guthrie, George W., U. S. Ambassador in Japan.
  • Haig, Sir Douglas, Field Marshal and Commander in Chief of the British Expeditionary Forces in France.
  • Hale, Edward J., U. S. Minister in Costa Rica.
  • Hale, William Bayard, American editor and newspaper correspondent.
  • Halil Bey, Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs.
  • Hamilton, Norman R., U. S. Collector of Customs in Norfolk.
  • Heizer, Oscar Stuart, U. S. Consul at Trebizond, Turkey.
  • Helfferich, Karl, German Secretary of State for the Interior.
  • Hindenburg, Paul von B., Chief of the General Staff of the German Army after August 29. 1916.
  • Hoffmann, A., Swiss Minister for Foreign Affairs.
  • Holder, Charles A., U. S. Foreign Trade Adviser.
  • Hollis, William Stanley, U. S. Consul General at Beirut.
  • Hoover, Herbert Clark, Chairman of the Commission for Relief in Belgium.
  • Horton, George, U. S. Consul General at Smyrna.
  • House, Edward Mandell, Personal representative of President Wilson to the European Governments.
  • Howard, Sir Esme William, British Minister in Sweden.
  • Hussein, Abdul Hak, Turkish Secretary of Embassy and Chargé d’Affaires at Washington.
  • Ishii, Baron Kikujiro, Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Jackson, Jesse B., U. S. Consul at Aleppo.
  • Jagow, Gottlieb E. G. von, German Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs prior to Nov. 23, 1916.
  • Jay, Peter Augustus, U. S. Counselor of Embassy at Rome.
  • Jellicoe, Sir John Rushworth, British Admiral in command of the Grand Fleet.
  • Joffre, Joseph Jacques Césaire, Commander in Chief of the French Armies.
  • Jusserand, Jean Adrien Antoine Jules., French Ambassador at Washington.
  • Kehl, John E., U. S. Consul at Saloniki.
  • Kitchin, Claude, Member of the U. S. House of Representatives.
  • Klobukowski, A. W., French Minister in Belgium.
  • Lacaze, G. C., French Vice Admiral and Minister of Marine.
  • Lancken, Baron von der, Chief of the Political Department of the Government General in Belgium.
  • Langhorne, Marshall, U. S. Secretary of Legation at The Hague.
  • Lansing, Robert, Secretary of State of the United States.
  • Latham, Charles L., U. S. Consul at Dundee.
  • Laughlin, Irwin B., U. S. Counselor of Embassy at London.
  • Law, Andrew Bonar, British Secretary of State for the Colonies prior to Dec. 11, 1916; Chancellor of the Exchequer after Dec. 11.
  • Lay, Julius G., U. S. Consul General at Berlin.
  • Letcher, Marion, Acting Foreign Trade Adviser of the United States.
  • Listoe, Soren, U. S. Consul General at Rotterdam.
  • Lloyd George, David, Minister of Munitions prior to July 5, 1916; British Secretary of State for War, July 5–Dec. 11; Prime Minister after Dec. 11.
  • Loudon, Jonkheer J., Netherland Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Ludendorff, Erich F. W., First Quartermaster General of the German Army after Aug. 30, 1916.
  • Macchi di Cellere,Vincenzo,Count, Italian Ambassador at Washington.
  • Macchio, Baron von, Austro-Hungarian Undersecretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
  • Magruder, Alexander Richardson, U. S. Secretary of Legation at Stockholm.
  • Malburn, William P., Assistant Secretary of the U. S. Treasury.
  • McAdoo, William Gibbs, Secretary of the U. S. Treasury.
  • McClure, S. S., Editor of the New York Evening Mail.
  • McNeely, Robert N., U. S. Consul at Aden.
  • Mohammed V, Sultan of Turkey.
  • Moore, Hayden L., U. S. Collector of Customs at San Juan.
  • Morgan, Edwin V., U. S. Ambassador in Brazil.
  • Morgan, Henry H., U. S. Consul General at Hamburg.
  • Morgenthau, Henry, U. S. Ambassador in Turkey prior to July 1916.
  • Morris, Ira Nelson, U. S. Minister in Sweden.
  • Morris, Leland Burnette, U. S. Vice Consul at Smyrna.
  • Müller, Lauro Severiano, Brazilian Minister for Foreign Affairs.
  • Murphy, Dominic I., U. S. Consul General at Sofia.
  • Murray, Arthur, Maj. Gen. U. S. Army (retired); Acting Chairman of the Central Committee of the American Red Cross.
  • Newton, Byron R., Assistant Secretary of the U. S. Treasury.
  • Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia.
  • Northcliffe, Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, Viscount., British newspaper publisher.
  • Osborne, John Ball, U. S. Consul at Havre.
  • Osborne, John E., Assistant Secretary of State of the United States.
  • O’Shaunessy, George F., Member of the U. S. House of Representatives.
  • Page, Thomas Nelson, U. S. Ambassador in Italy.
  • Page, Walter Hines, U. S. Ambassador in Great Britain.
  • Peet, William Wheelock, Treasurer of the American Board of Foreign Missions; trustee of the American College for Girls at Constantinople; chairman of the Administrative Committee on Near East Relief.
  • Penfield, Frederic Courtland, U. S. Ambassador in Austria-Hungary.
  • Peters, Andrew J., Assistant Secretary of the U. S. Treasury.
  • Philip, Hoffman, U. S. Counselor of Embassy at Constantinople.
  • Phillips, William, Third Assistant Secretary of State of the United States.
  • Pohl, Hugo von, Admiral in command of the German battle fleet.
  • Poincaré, Raymond, President of France.
  • Polk, Frank Lyon, Counselor for the Department of State of the United States.
  • Praeger, Otto, Second Assistant Postmaster General of the United States.
  • Putney, Albert H., Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs of the Department of State of the United States.
  • Radoslavoff, Vassil, Bulgarian Premier, Minister for Foreign Affairs and of the Interior.
  • Rappard, Chevalier W. L. F. C. van, Netherland Minister at Washington.
  • Redfield, William C., Secretary of Commerce of the United States.
  • Reed, Leslie E., U. S. Vice Consul at London.
  • Reinsch, Paul Samuel, U. S. Minister in China.
  • Reventlow, Ernst, Count zu, German journalist.
  • Riaño y Gayangos, Don Juan, Spanish Ambassador at Washington.
  • Roques, Pierre Auguste, French General and Minister of War.
  • Sakatani, Baron Yoshiro, Japanese Envoy to the Entente Economic Conference.
  • Sammons, Thomas, U. S. Consul General at Shanghai.
  • Sarrail, Maurice Paul Emmanuel, French General and Commander in Chief of the Entente forces in Greece.
  • Sazonov, Sergei Dmitrievich, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Scheer, Reinhard, German Admiral and Commander of the High Sea Fleet.
  • Schmedeman, Albert George, U. S. Minister in Norway.
  • Sharp, William Graves, U. S. Ambassador in France.
  • Shea, Joseph H., U. S. Ambassador in Chile.
  • Skinner, Robert P., U. S. Consul General at London.
  • Skouloudis, Stephanos, Greek Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Smith, Sir Frederick Edwin, Attorney General of Great Britain.
  • Spring Rice, Sir Cecil Arthur, British Ambassador at Washington.
  • Stabler, Jordan H., U. S. Secretary of Embassy at London prior to July 19, 1916.
  • Stovall, Pleasant Alexander, U. S. Minister in Switzerland.
  • Stresemann, Gustav, Liberal Member of the German Reichstag.
  • Stuart, Edward, Director of Relief Work of the American Red Cross in the Balkans.
  • Sweet, Edwin F., Assistant Secretary of Commerce of the United States.
  • Taft, William Howard, Ex-President of the United States; chairman of the Central Committee of the American Red Cross.
  • Talaat Bey, Turkish Minister of the Interior.
  • Taylor, Dr. Alonzo Englebert, Special Assistant attached to the U. S. Embassy in Germany.
  • Thompson, Erwin W., U. S. Commercial Attaché in the Netherlands and Germany.
  • Tirpitz, Alfred P. Friedrich von, German Admiral, and Secretary of State for the Navy prior to Mar. 15, 1916.
  • Van Dyke, Henry, U. S. Minister in the Netherlands and Luxemburg.
  • Venizelos, Eloutherios K., Former President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece.
  • Vogt, Benjamin, Norwegian Minister in Great Britain.
  • Vopicka, Charles J., U. S. Minister in Roumania, Serbia, and Bulgaria.
  • Vouros, A., Greek Chargé d’Affaires at Washington.
  • Westacott, Richard, U. S. Vice Consul at London.
  • Whitlock, Brand, U. S. Minister in Belgium.
  • William II, German Emperor, King of Prussia.
  • Willard, Joseph Edward, U. S. Ambassador in Spain.
  • Wilson, Charles Stetson, U. S. Counselor of Embassy at Madrid.
  • Wilson, William B., Secretary of Labor of the United States.
  • Wilson, Woodrow, President of the United States.
  • Winslow, L. Lanier, U. S. Secretary of Embassy at Berlin.
  • Woolsey, Lester H., Law Adviser to the Secretary of State of the United States.
  • Wrangel, Count A. M. H., Swedish Minister in Great Britain.
  • Zimmermann, Alfred F. M., German Undersecretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs after Nov. 23, 1916.
  • Zwiedinek, Baron Erich, Counselor of the Austro-Hungarian Embassy and Chargé d’Affaires at Washington.
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