File No. 763.72111/1347

The Minister in Sweden (Morris) to the Secretary of State

No. 64]

Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith copies and translations of an article appearing in the Swedish newspaper Svenska Dagbladet, regarding the question of Swedish neutrality.

I have [etc.]

[Page 5]

Extract from the “Svenska Dagbladet” concerning an interview with the Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs

In a telegram from Rome G. H. T. has received information in regard to an article published in the large Italian journal, the Tribuna, which is openly in favor of the Entente. In this article the paper’s correspondent gives a description of a visit in Stockholm and especially of an interview with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Wallenberg.

I asked (says the correspondent) what belief should be given to the open talk in Berlin that Sweden should regard Russia’s victory as a danger to its integrity and its independence and that it might, for that reason, be forced to partake in the war.

—No belief at all. If you have talked with any one in Stockholm you must know that such is the case. More than sympathy for Germany is perhaps the fear of Russia. I should add that this fear before the war broke out was to some extent allowable on account of the spies that Russia had in Sweden, but now this fear has also disappeared. To draw the two countries closer to each other has helped not only the Russian Government and the Russian press’s loyal stand towards Sweden, but also facts that are the consequence of the war, before all the stream of Russian fugitives who came from Germany and Austria poorly dressed, poorly nourished, who found food and a hearty welcome in Sweden. Between Sweden and Russia misunderstanding no longer exists. The Parliament, the political parties and the public opinion are all without exception for neutrality and you will find in Sweden no responsible person declare the contrary.

I further asked (says the correspondent) what meaning the Minister gave to the word neutrality in that I reminded him that, for example, in certain countries of the Balkan Peninsula they talk of neutrality as a transitory state.

No, absolutely no (answered Mr. Wallenberg in a serious tone), we shall uphold peace to the end. We well know that it lies in our interest that nothing else than an attack against our independence can force us to leave this standpoint.

Thus far for the correspondent.

Stockholms-Tidningen has inquired of Mr. Wallenberg in regard to the truth of this interview. He acknowledged its statements in the main, but in a couple of instances the words had not fallen exactly as stated in the telegram.