Learn about the beta

List of papers, with subjects of correspondence

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Circular 1912. Jan. 3 Interchange of professors and students among the universities of American States. An appropriation for the above has been made by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Incloses a report outlining a plan for the exchange. 2
Do Feb. 5 Invitation to the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, to be held at San Francisco, Cal., in 1915. Incloses a proclamation by the President, extending an invitation to all nations. 4
Do May 7 Territorial integrity of American States. Incloses a memorandum addressed to the President by the Colombian Minister in London advocating a Pan American Union, and quotes an extract of an address by the Secretary of State to the National Assembly of Nicaragua on Mar, 6, 1912. 1
Do Oct. 31 Death of Vice President James S. Sherman. Announces. 5

ARGENTINA.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Naón to Mr. Knox 1912. Jan. 29 Apprehension of fugitives from justice of foreign countries. Incloses description of one Oscar Pio Romero and requests his apprehension. 6
21 Mr. Knox to Mr. Naón Feb. 7 Same subject. Inquiries as to the whereabouts of the above-named man will be made, but, under the system of jurisprudence in the United States, no effective aid can be rendered in the apprehension of fugitives from justice of foreign countries. 6

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1912. Oct. 15 Copyright Convention between the United States and Hungary. Text. 7

BELGIUM.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject.
10 Mr. Knox to Mr. Anderson. 1912. Jan. 24 Removal of discrimination against American lubricating oils. The Department desires that the subject be pressed and that a settlement be reached for the admission of American products to competition on terms of equality. 9
12 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Anderson. Feb 16 Same subject. Incloses a letter from the Texas Oil Co. complaining of specific discrimination in the adjudication for “black oil” for investigation and report. 10
29 Mr. Anderson to Mr. Knox. Mar. 8 Same subject. Incloses copy of his note to the Foreign Office and reports interviews with officers of that office who gave assurances that the Belgian Government was earnestly seeking a satisfactory solution of the question. 11
36 Same to same Apr. 1 Same subject. Incloses correspondence with the Foreign Office. From a series of test it was deduced that Russian oils gave better results than American, but new experiments are to be made to decide this question. 13
44 Same to same Apr. 25 Same subject. States that the restrictions against American oils has been removed. 15
48 Same to same May 23 Same subject. Inclose a note from the Minister of Railways, Posts, and Telegraphs, advising him of the removal of discrimination against American oils on the Belgian railways. 15
[Page XXX]55 Same to same June 28 Same subject. Reports that future specifications relative to the adjudication of oils for the Administration of Marine will not contain conditions excluding American oils. 16
59 Same to same July 26 Same subject. The last instance of discrimination against American oils has been removed by the Ministry of colonies. 16
32 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Anderson. Aug. 15 Same subject. The Department appreciates the removal of the discrimination against American oils. 17

BRAZIL.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1912. May 3 Message of the President. Extracts relating to the United States quoted. 18
Mr. Moore and Mr. Van Dyne to Mr. Knox. Dec. 31 International Commission of Jurists. Report of the proceedings of. 18

CHILE.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject.
2 Mr. Mujica to Mr. Knox. 1912. Feb. 8 Permission of Congress to a United States Army officer to accept service under a foreign Government. The Chilean Government desires to engage an American Coast Artillery officer as instructor of the Chilean army. 44
8 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Mujica. Feb. 12 Same subject. Above matter has been brought to the attention of the Secretary of War. 44
15 Same to same May 14 Same subject. Incloses a joint resolution by Congress authorizing Capt. J. W. Gulick, C. A. C., U. S. Army, to accept service under the Chilean Government. 44
70 Mr. Mujica to Mr. Knox. May 17 Same subject. Acknowledges above with thanks 45

CHINA.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Summary Loan negotiations. Hukuang Railway loan. Summary. 87
Same subject. Currency reform and industrial development loans. Preamble. 88
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Chang Yin Tang. 1910. June 13 Same subject. Approves of his contemplated memorial to his Government recommending a new currency system upon a gold exchange basis. 89
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 22 Same subject. The Chinese Government asks whether American bankers would be willing to undertake a loan of about 50,000,000 taels for the elaboration of the currency reform. 89
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Sept. 29 Same subject. The Morgan syndicate will undertake the loan 90
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 2 Same subject. The Chinese Government desires to negotiate the entire loan in the United States. The request that a financial expert be sent to China Peking to conduct the negotiations. 90
90
Mr. Adee to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Oct. 6 Same subject. The American group is ready to discuss the details of the agreement and the guaranties and will send an experienced financier to Pekine to conduct the negotiations. 91
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 27 Same subject. The preliminary currency-loan agreement was signed to-day; the Imperial edict and the confirmation will come in a few days. 91
Mr. Adee to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Oct. 31 Same subject. The Chinese Government has signed and ratified a preliminary agreement with an American financial group for a currency reform loan of $50,000,000. This Government will welcome the cordial support of the interested powers. 91
1911 Jan. 11 Opium conference. Message of the President relating to. 182
Mr. Knox to Mr. Liang Jan. 18 Loan negotiations. Incloses for his information notes on the loan negotiations now pending at Peking. 92
[Page XXXI] The Department of State to the British Embassy. Feb. 24 Same subject. If any objection should be expressed by the tripartite Governments as to the selection of an American for the post of financial adviser, this Government is disposed to consult with the interested Governments and appoint an adviser of a nonparticipating nationality. 94
230 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Apr. 27 Same subject. Incloses copy of the loan agreement signed at Peking on the 15th inst. 95
Mr. Knox to Mr. O’Brien (telegram). May 11 Same subject. If Japan should apply for participation on an equal footing with others not now parties to the London agreement, the Department will be prepared to support such application. 96
Mr. O’Brien to Mr. Knox (telegram). May. 13 Same subject. The Japanese Foreign Office inquires whether participation, if granted, would place Japan in a position superior to an ordinary bondholder. 96
Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Russian and Japanese Governments are exchanging views on the currency loan to China. 96
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 18 Same subject. The French are reported to be holding back advances for Manchuria because of Russian pressure. 97
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). May 22 Same subject. The Department is unable to see any reasonable objection to Manchuria allotment for specific industrial purposes. 97
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram.). May 24 Same subject. The French delay was due to consideration for some Russian apprehension about their recognized interests in Manchuria. 97
Mr. Knox to Mr. O’Brien (telegram). do Same subject. As the currency reform in which all the leading powers are alike interested the United States has steadily favored the widest possible international participation. 97
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 31 Same subject. If a list of proposed industrial enterprises in Manchuria, not all relating to railroads, the Foreign Office expects no further objection from Japan and Russia. 98
249 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox do Arrangement between the United States and France for the protection of literary and artistic property in China. Submits a proposition of the French Minister. 175
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). June 1 Loan negotiations. Japan and Russia may have copies of loan agreement and lists specifying Manchurian enterprises. 98
253 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox June 5 Political affairs in china. Reports renewed and widespread discontent among the Chinese toward their Manchu rulers. 46
Mr. Heintzleman to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 27 Loan negotiations. Reports that the Russian and Japanese Governments have protested against the sixteenth article of the loan agreement. 98
Mr. Bacon to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 28 Same subject. The French Foreign Office confirmed protest of Japan and Russia against article 16. It is preparing a memorandum recommending entire suppression of that article. 99
The Japanese Government to the French Government. July 11 Same subject. Protest against the provisions contained in article 16. 99
373 Frince Koudacheff to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Protest of Russia against article 16. 100
298 Mr. Heintzleman to Mr. Knox. July 25 International plan for the defense of foreign settlements. Incloses a memorandum from the British legation suggesting precautionary measures at certain Yangtze River ports in case of uprisings. 161
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 3 Political affairs in China. Reports disorders in Szechwan and Hunan caused by opposition of railway construction by foreigners. 47
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 7 Same subject. Situation in Szechwan is worse. Troops are suspected of sympathy with malcontents. 48
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 10 Same subject. Reports fighting at Chengtu 48
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 14 Same subject. Fighting continues in Chengtu. All Americans and British were directed to leave for a place of safety. 48
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 15 Same subject. The Cabinet has proposed Yuan Shih Kai for Canton Viceroy. 48
173 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Heintzleman. Sept. 27 Defense of International settlements. The American Commander in chief of the United States Asiatic fleet has been instructed to confer with the British naval authorities and the American consular officers. 162
175 Mr. Adee to Mr. Calhoun Sept. 29 Arrangement between the United States and France for the protection of literary and artistic property in China. Instructs to endeavor to conclude such arrangement, based upon the treaty between the United States and Japan signed May 19, 1908. 176
[Page XXXII] Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 11 Political disturbances in China. Reports Wuchang in possession of mutineers. 48
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 12 Same subject. The rebellion is most serious; 15,000 men of the army have joined the revolution. Foreign interests are respected. 48
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 13 Same subject. Hangkow reported in flames; Americans safely out of Hanyang and Wuchang. 49
Mr. Wilder to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Reports Hankow situation as serious. 49
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 14 Same subject. Yuan Shih Kai gazetted viceroy of Hupeh and Hunan. 49
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Foreign consuls at Hankow have been informed by the commander of the revolutionary army that foreign persons and property will be protected, existing treaties will continue in force, but foreign powers assisting Imperial Government will be considered enemies. 49
Circular (telegram) do Defense of international settlements. Instructs to ascertain the views of the powers as to the advisability of advising their nationals to concentrate at open ports in case danger threatens. 162
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 15 Political affairs. It is reported that Japan has a fleet ready to sail for China. 49
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Japan will not act in putting down rebellion unless urged by the powers. If rebellion becomes serious in Manchuria, Japan and Russia will at once send sufficient force to suppress it. 50
The Chinese National Association to Mr. Knox (telegram) Oct. 16 Same subject. Requests good offices of the United States to preserve neutrality of the powers toward China. 50
Mr. Bacon to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Defense of international settlements. French Government does not consider present conditions warrant action proposed. 163
Mr. Wheeler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Russian Government is of the opinion that concentration of foreigners at accessible ports is desirable. 163
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Japanese Government suggests that several light-draft gunboats be sent to the Yangtze and cooperate with the Japanese force there. 163
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 17 Same subject. The German Government is inclined to share the views of the American Government, but such advice should be given without public proclamation. 164
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). Do Same subject. The rebellion not being antiforeign there seems to be no need for removal of Americans, except from Hankow. 164
Mr. Adee to Messrs. Brent, Wright, and Finger. Oct. 18 Defense of international settlements. The Italian Government will consult other powers before taking action. 188
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 19 Same subject. The British Government is of the opinion that the circumstances do not at present call for the concentration of foreign nationals. 164
882 Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 20 Same subject. The British Government is of the opinion that the circumstances do not at present call for the concentration of foreign nationals. 164
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 22 Political disturbances. Foreign office anxious that America recognize that Japan is sincere and aboveboard in her chinese policy. 51
Mr. Yong Kwung Tat et al. to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 24 Same subject. Resolutions of a mass meeting of 5,000 Chinese residents in Honolulu protesting against any action on the part of outside powers to interfere in the struggle of the Chinese people to establish a representative government. 51
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Chinese Minister for Foreign Affairs, now in Berlin, asks that the United States will urge joint action by the powers to prevent selfish action on the part of any one of them. 51
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 25 Defense of international settlements. The Italian Government is not inclined to take any measures in China at present. 165
Mr. Guild to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 26 Same subject. The Russian Government deems it inexpedient to interfere 165
352 Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Both parties to the conflict seem to be anxious to protect foreigners, and it would be safer for Americans in distant places to remain where they are known than to undertake the long journey to the coast. 165
Political disturbances. The present Manchu dynasty seems to be on the verge of being overthrown or the Empire being divided. 52
[Page XXXIII] Same to same (telegram) Oct. 26 Search of foreign merchant vessels by rebel forces for contraband of war. The rebel General Li has informed the consuls that he will confiscate ships carrying contraband. The dean of the diplomatic corps suggests that shipping companies be advised to abstain from carrying munitions of war. 174
Mr. Knox to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). Oct. 27 Political disturbances. Instructs to convey to the Japanese Foreign Office the entire confidence of this Government in Japan’s policy in China. 52
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 28 Loan negotiations. An agreement with an Anglo-French-Belgian for a large loan was signed yesterday and it is reported that it was ratified by secret edict. 101
Mr. Knox to Mr. Williams (telegram). Nov. 1 Same subject. Instructs to request of the Chinese Government further details of any proposed loan. 101
Mr. Thompson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 7 Asylum at American legations and consulates. Asks whether he can grant asylum to Chinese mandarins. 173
Mr. Adee to Mr. Thompson (telegram). do Same subject. The right of asylum is not claimed by this Government. Temporary refuge may be granted to preserve innocent human life. 174
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 10 Same subject. The legation has been requested to grant asylum to the Emperor and Empress Dowager. 174
Mr. Knox to Mr. Williams (telegram). do Same subject. Temporary refuge may be granted to preserve innocent human life if the safety of the legation is not endangered thereby. 174
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Defense of international settlements. The Japanese and French will take part in protecting the railway to the sea, if foreign protection becomes necessary. 166
Mr. Knox to Mr. Williams (telegram). do Same subject. If it becomes necessary, this Government will participate in the protection of the railway to the sea. 166
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 17 Loan, negotiations. The Chinese Government is in great need of money for current expenses. The local representatives of the four groups are willing to make the loan if actively supported by their governments. 101
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Nov. 18 Same subject. Except under some general plan of the powers interested to help China the department does not consider it wise to make any loan at present. 102
362 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox. Nov. 21 Defense of international settlements. Reports that he issued a circular to the consular officers to advise Americans to remove to open ports. 166
363 Same to same (telegram) Nov. 22 Political disturbances. Reports interview with a delegation from the National Assembly. 53
Nov. 25 Defense of international settlements. The diplomatic corps has decided to ask the governments to quietly increase their legation guards to the maximum under the protocol. 167
The Japanese Embassy to Mr. Knox. Nov. 27 Same subject. Transmits a telegram from the Japanese Foreign Office advising him that Japan, in conformity with the decision of the diplomatic corps at Peking, will increase its legation guard at Peking and its force at Tientsin. 167
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political disturbances. The legation has been requested by the Chinese Government to inform the department that the Japanese are actively assisting the revolutionists. 53
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 28 Same subject. The American consul general at Hankow asks permission to join his colleagues to use good offices to obtain an armistice for the revolutionists at Wuchang. 54
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. Asks for exact source of information contained in his telegram of Nov. 27, 1911. 54
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Department can not permit consul general to interfere as suggested in telegram of Nov. 28, 1911. 54
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Defense of international settlements. Reports that he is asking the admiral for more marines. 168
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to keep department informed of the arrival of foreign troops in Peking. This Government will have in constant readiness additional troops to be sent at once if needed. 168
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 29 same subject Reports that a three days’ armistice has been agreed to at Hankow through the mediation of the British Minister. 168
Same to same (telegram) do Political disturbances. Information reported Nov. 27, 1911, came from the Viceroy at Mukden and is considered reliable. 54
[Page XXXIV] Mr. Meyer to Mr. Knox Dec. 2 Search of foreign merchant vessels for contraband of war. Transmits a communication from the commander in chief of the Asiatic Fleet inclosing a letter signed Wu Ting Fang, advising consuls that merchant vessels carrying contraband of war will be confiscated. The admiral replied that he will not permit the seizure of any vessels, as the rebels have not been recognized. 175
Same to same Dec. 4 Same subject. Transmits telegram from Admiral Murdock that the Nanshan was fired at from Kiu-kiang forts. 175
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 6 Loan negotiations. The groups’ representatives are telegraphing their principals for authority to advance Yuan 3,000,000 taels. Earnestly advises department to support this loan. 102
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Dec. 7 Same subject. Could not Yuan obtain the 3,000,000 taels from native sources? The department has not yet received sufficient evidence to depart from its general position stated in telegram of Nov. 18. 103
Mr. Knox to Count von Bernstorff. do Same subject. States department’s position in regard to loans to China, permanent and temporary, and requests views of the German Government. 103
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political disturbances. The Minister for Foreign Affairs states that if hostilities become aggravated the Japanese Government may consider intervention to be necessary. 55
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Dec. 8 Loan negotiations. Under the distressing conditions the British Government is inclined not to oppose a loan being granted to the Chinese Government. Bequests views of this Government. 103
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce Dec. 11 Same subject. Incloses a copy of department’s note to the German Embassy of the 7th instant giving the general views of this Government. The department would not, however, be opposed for its nationals joining others in a small loan to China. 104
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The proposed loan to Yuan is to be used not for active military operations but for preserving the status quo during peace negotiations. Adheres to his recommendations of Dec. 6. 104
Mr. Meyer to Mr. Knox do Political disturbances. Transmits telegram from the naval attaché at Tokyo stating that an agreement has been reached between the British and Japanese commanding officers to intervene in China. 55
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Dec. 12 Loan negotiations. This Government has informed the Governments of Great Britain and Germany that it is not opposed to a small loan to China at this time, provided it be made upon clearly understood principles of neutrality and in connection with some general plan by all interested powers for the protection of common interests. 105
Mr. Meyer to Mr. Knox do Search of foreign merchant vessels for contraband of war. Transmits telegram from Admiral Murdock, reporting that Wu Ting Fang has submitted an apology for firing upon the Nanshan. 175
Mr. Wu Ting Fang to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 13 Loan negotiations. Protests against the proposed loan to the Chinese (Manchu) Government. 106
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 15 Political disturbances. Submits proposed note by the diplomatic corps to the contending factions. 55
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. Authorizes him to take action suggested in above telegram. 56
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 16 Loan negotiations. The Chinese chargé d’affaires has been instructed by his Government to negotiate a’ loan of 2,000,000 pounds sterling in New York and has asked the assistance of the Secretary of State, but has been informed that no assistance can be given. 106
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Dec. 18 Same subject. Asks the views of the American Government concerning a small loan to Yuan Shih Kai. 106
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce do Same subject. In view of the conference between the contending factions at Shanghai it is felt that the outcome of the conference should be awaited before taking any further action in regard to the loan. 107
The Japanese Embassy to Mr. Knox. do Political disturbances. Gives views of the Japanese Government on conditions in China and requests the views of the United States. 56
Mr. Knox to the Japanese Embassy. Dec. 21 Same subject. The joint note to the two factions in China sent recently by the powers may be considered the first step toward a solution of the trouble, and this Government is inclined to reserve for future consideration what further actions are to be taken. 57
[Page XXXV] The Japanese Embassy to Mr. Knox. Dec. 21 Same subject. The British and Japanese Governments have decided to lend their good offices to the contending parties in their negotiaitons for a settlement between them. 58
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to the above memoranda of the Japanese Embassy and requests information as to the nature and scope of the proposed step and its relation to the policy of concerted action. 59
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 23 Same subject. Quotes a note from the Foreign Office stating that there is no change of policy toward China. 59
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 27 Same subject. Quotes a further note from the Foreign Office stating that the British Government intends to adhere strictly to the policy of concerted action at Peking. 59
Circular (telegram) do Loan negotiations. There is entire accord among the Governments of the six powers in the opinion that it is essential to maintain complete unity of action. 107
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 31 Political affairs. Reports that Sun Yat Sen, who was elected Provisional President of the Republic of China by the Nanking Assembly, will leave tomorrow to be inaugurated. 60
Same to same (telegram) 1912. Jan. 3 Defense of international settlements. Recommends that a regiment be sent to help guard the railway. 168
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Jan. 5 Same subject. Instructs to consult with the diplomatic corps as to advisability of sending troops to guard the railway. 169
392 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox do Arrangement between the United States and France for the protection of literary and artistic property. Incloses copies of notes exchanged with the French Nation of Dec. 26 and 27. 1911. 177
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 8 Defense of international settlements. The diplomatic corps concurs with my views that a regiment should be sent to guard railway. 169
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun telegram). Jan. 9 Same subject. Instructs to inform the Chinese Government and the diplomatic corps that this Government will send 500 troops to help guard the railway. 169
210 Same to same. Jan. 16 Political disturbances. Incloses a copy of an instruction to the Consul General at Hankow authorizing him to enter into informal relations with the revolutionary leaders, which will not be considered as a formal recognition. 60
399 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. It is believed that it is only a question of days when the abdication of the Emperor will be announced. 61
Mr. Wang Chung Hui to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 17 Same subject. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China requests recognition by the United States. 62
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 19 Same subject. The Imperial Clan accepted the edict of abdication of the emperor and consents to the organization of a republican Government. 62
Mr. Wang Chung Hui to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Reiterates request for recognition of the Republic of China. 62
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 20 Same subject. Republican ultimatum demands that Yuan shall not set up a provisional government after the abdication. 63
Jan. 23 Opium conference. Protocol de clôture 193
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). Jan. 24 Loan negotiations. The Embassy at Tokyo reports that a Japanese firm has begun negotiations for loan to a Chinese railway, but is not supported by the Japanese Government. The Department feels that it is appropriate at this time that a lending Government should deter its nationals from making loans on their own account. 108
Mr. Phillips to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 31 Same subject. The British Foreign Office intends to inform Japan that it can not absolutely prevent its nationals from making loans. It is ready to use its influence as far as possible to prevent. 108
Count von Bernstorff to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Requests views of the Government of the United States. 108
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). Feb. 1 Same subject. If the Chinese Government should conclude a loan hereafter with the four power groups, this Government would be disposed to admit Japan and Russia thereto. 109
Mr. Knox to Count von Bernstorff. Feb. 3 Same subject. Gives Department’s views as stated in instruction to Mr. Reid of Jan. 24. 109
[Page XXXVI]416 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Feb. 5 Registration of property of foreigners in China. Incloses correspondence with the consulate at Foochow regarding the requirements of the revolutionary authorities there in the matter of registering property of foreigners. 178
Mr. Knox to Baron Hengelmuller. Feb. 8 Political affairs. Incloses correspondence with the German Embassy indicating the attitude of the Government of the United States toward China. 63
428 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Feb. 12 Same subject. Reports that the international situation is strained, that much jealousy is manifested by the representatives of the six leading powers and that all of the powers are more or less suspicious of the Americans. 64
427 Same to same Feb. 13 Same subject. Incloses notes from the Chinese Government advising of the abdication of the Emperor and the institution of a republican form of Government. 65
Mr. Chang Yin Tang to Mr. Knox. Feb. 14 Same subject. Advises of the abdication of the Emperor and the investment of Yuan Shih Kai with full powers to institute a republican form of Government. Chinese diplomatic and consular officers will continue to discharge their duties without interruption. 66
Count von Bernstorff to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Expresses satisfaction that the American policy toward China is in full consonance with the German. 66
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 15 Same subject. Reports resignation of Sun and Cabinet. 66
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 16 Same subject. Reports election of Yuan Shih Kai as President by the Nanking Assembly. 66
66 Mr. Bakhméteff to Mr. Knox. Feb. 17 Same subject. Reports a statement of Russia’s views of the situation in China. 67
436 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Feb. 20 Same subject. Reports interview between the Chinese Secretary of the legation and Provisional President Sun Yat Sen in which alleged activity of the Japanese was discussed. 67
Japanese Embassy to Mr. Wilson. Feb. 23 Same subject. The Japanese Government suggests that the principle of joint action be extended to the recognition of the new government. 68
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Wilson Feb. 24 Same subject. Asks to be informed of the answer made to above Japanese memorandum. 68
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Loan negotiations. The department considers that any loan to China would be inopportune until a composite provisional government for the whole of China has been firmly established. 109
55 Mr. Bryce to Mr. Wilson do Same subject. The British Government has given its consent to a loan of £600,000 to the Nanking Provisional Government upon condition that the loan be approved of the other three powers and that Japan and Russia be invited to participate. 1
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Feb. 25 Political affairs. The British, German, Japanese, and Russian Governments concur with the United States that the policy of nonintervention and of common action is the wisest course for the powers to pursue. 69
Mr. Wilson to the Japanese Embassy. Feb. 27 Same subject. This Government agrees in principle to the application of concerted action to the recognition of the Republic of China. 65
1430 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce do Loan negotiations. The Government of the United States is in entire accord with the British Government in this subject. 111
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 28 Same subject. The German Government has expressed its willingness to have Japan and Russia admitted to the financial group. 111
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce do Political affairs. Informs him of above memorandum to the Japanese Embassy. 69
446 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Mar. 1 Same subject. Reports rioting and looting at Peking. 70
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Mar. 2 Same subject. Quotes text of a joint resolution passed by the House of Representatives congratulating the Chinese people upon the adoption of a republican form of government. This action is not to be confused with recognition of the Republic of China. 71
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Defense of international settlements. Poating-fu was looted and many houses were burned. Looters started for Peking. Diplomatic corps was requested to save Peking. 1,000 troops will be brought from Tientsin. British, French, German, Japanese, and Russian will participate. Have applied to Admiral for 200 men. 170
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 3 Same subject. The 200 American troops have arrived. Serious mutiny at Tientsin. 17
[Page XXXVII] Same to same (telegram) Mar. 3 Same subject. Reports serious rioting at Peking; a considerable portion of the city was burned; one shell fell in the legation. Hostile forces are approaching Tientsin. 170
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Mar. 4 Same subject. If it becomes necessary, authorizes him to communicate with the Commanding General in the Philippine Islands for additional troops. 171
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram) do Political disturbances. Foreign intervention may become necessary to subdue condition of anarchy. 71
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 6 Defense of international settlements. Reports that he has telegraphed for additional troops. 171
463 Same to same Mar. 8 Political disturbances. Reports further on the rioting and looting. Additional foreign troops were brought to Peking for the protection of the legation quarter. 72
100 Mr. Bakhméteff to Mr. Wilson. do Same subject. The Russian Government has assented to the Japanese proposition that recognition of the Republic of China be withheld until adequate guaranties are given for the safeguard of the common interests, but reserves to itself the right to protect its special rights and interests in North Manchuria, Mongolia, and Western China. 74
34 Mr. Chang Yin Tang to Mr. Wilson. Mar. 9 Same subject. Advises that Yuan Shih Kai will take the oath of office as Provisional President of the Republic of China. 74
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Nanking Assembly authorized Yuan to be inaugurated in Peking. 75
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Guild (telegram). Mar. 11 Loan negotiations. The financial groups of France, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States have agreed to make an advance to the Provisional Government of China and extend an invitation of participation to Japan and Russia. 111
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Wilson Mar. 12 Same subject. The trench and British Governments are in favor of asking an assurance from Yuan Shih Kai not to negotiate a loan which might conflict with the interests of the large loan which is being negotiated by the four groups. 112
Mr. Guild to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. Russia expresses, doubt as to the ability of China to preserve law and order as a Republic. 75
Same to same Mar. 13 Same subject. The Russian Government seems to be acting in good faith with the other powers, but is distrustful of the Provisional Government. 75
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 15. Loan negotiations. Quotes aide memoire from the Russian Foreign Office, giving its views as to future loans to China and Russia’s participation. 112
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 16 Same subject. Yuan Shih Kai agreed to the conditions for the advance loan, but on the 14th Tong signed a loan with the Belgian-Russian group for £1,000,000 with an option for a loan of £10,000,000. 113
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to take the necessary steps to safeguard all legitimate American interests. Reply to his 16th. 114
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce do Same subject. Submits a form of an assurance to be given by the Chinese Government. 114
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 18 Same subject. Japan has accepted the offer of participation in the loan. 114
16 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bakhméteff. do Political affairs. Acknowledges his note of the 8th inst. 75
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Mar. 19 Loan negotiations. Transmits the above telegram. 115
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to point out to the bad effect of rushing separate negotiations like the reported Belgian loan pending the present negotiations of the four groups. 115
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Herrick. (telegram). do Same subject. The Belgian Minister has been instructed to apply for Belgian participation in the loan. Instructs to ascertain the views of the 116
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 21 Same subject. The British Government has instructed its minister at Peking to protest against the reported Belgian loan. 116
484 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Gives the history of the several advances made to the Chinese Government by the four power groups; incloses correspondence between the groups and President Yuan and the agreements arrived at which were violated by the signing of the Belgian loan, against which action protest will be lodged. 117
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Belgian participation. The Belgian Minister in London has been answered in almost the same language used in Department’s proposed reply to the Belgian Minister in Washington. 121
[Page XXXVIII] Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 21 Same subject. The German Minister at Peking has been instructed to protest against the Belgian loan. The German Government is unwilling to further increase the size of the group. 121
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Wilson Mar. 21 Same subject. The British Government has no objection in principle against the admission of Belgium to the group. The British Minister at Peking has been instructed to protest against the Belgian loan. 121
Same to same Mar. 22 Same subject. The special rights referred to by Japan are considered as arising out of treaties. The British Foreign Office is prepared to discuss the matter of the loan with Russia. 122
495 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox. Mar. 29 Same subject. Protest was made to Yuan Shih Kai against the Belgian loan, which, it is understood, is an advance of $5,000,000 of an ultimate loan of $50,000,000. 122
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to report his opinion as to fiscal agency and proper measures of control of future loans 123
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 30 Same subject. Approves in principle plan suggested in Department’s telegram of Mar. 19. 123
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun. do Registration of property of foreigners in China. Approves his instruction to the consulate at Foochow that property holding by foreigners is regulated by treaty provision in which matter consuls can take no action. 180
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Wilson Apr 2 Political affairs. The British Government recognizes the right of Russia to take such measures as are deemed necessary to protect her special rights in Manchuria Mongolia, and Western Chinn. 76
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 4 Same subject. Asks whether visa of section 6 certificates involves recognition of Provisional Government. 76
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun do Claims of American citizens against China. Incloses copy of an instruction to the American Consul General at Hankow regarding the manner of treating these claims. 171
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 5 Political affairs. Visa of section 6 certificates by American Consuls does not involve formal recognition. 77
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 8 Loan negotiations. Quotes aide memoire handed to the American Ambassador at St. Petersburg stating that, reserving its special rights, the Russian Government has designated the Russian-Asiatic Bank as its representative of the Russian financial group. 124
513 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Apr. 11 Claims of Americans against China. Reports that the diplomatic corps appointed a commission to formulate a general plan of action concerning claims against China arising out of the recent revolution. 172
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 27 Loan negotiations. The Chinese Government is willing to cancel the provisions of the Belgian contract and resume negotiations with the groups. 124
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Apr. 29 Same subject. The American group has been advised by the Department that advance payments to China should not be unduly delayed while conditions of full control of the large reorganization loan are being discussed. 124
531 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox May 2 Political affairs. Gives an account of the opening of the National Council at Peking and a resume of the President’s address. 77
Count von Bernstorff to Mr. Wilson. May 5 Same subject. The German Government is inclined to accede to the reservations made by Japan and Russia concerning their special interests. Requests views of the Government of the United States. 78
Mr Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). May 6 Same subject. Asks in what respects the Provisional Government falls short of the requirements of recognition. 78
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 7 Same subject. Although the National Council can not be considered representative recognition would strengthen its hold on the country. 78
538 Same to same do Loan negotiations. Incloses further correspondence with Chinese Government concerning the negotiations. 125
539 Same to same do Same subject. Reports details and status of the loan negotiations. 126
[Page XXXIX] Mr. Wilson to Count von Bernstorff. May 9 Political affairs. The positions of the Government of Germany and the United States are quite in harmony with the reservations made by the Japanese and Russian Governments concerning Mongolia and Manchuria. 79
250 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun May 13 Claims against China. Approves common plan of procedure proposed by the diplomatic corps in regard to claims against China. 173
Memorandum May 16 Political affairs. Conversation between the Acting Secretary of State and the Japanese Ambassador in regard to Japanese reservations concerning eastern Inner Mongolia 79
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Loan negotiations. An advance of 3,000,000 taels will be made to the Chinese Government on the 17th inst. 128
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). May 17 Same subject. It is reported that there has been a failure to reach an agreement with Japan and Russia concerning participation in the loan. Instructs to ascertain the difficulty and attitude of the British Foreign Office. 128
Same to same (telegram) May 18 Same subject. The Government of the United States, favoring the principle of broad internationalization of loans to China, is in favor of admitting Austria and Italy and giving a subsidiary interest to other powers. 129
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 20 Same subject. Reports causes which led to the suspension of the London conference. 130
551 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox May 21 Same subject. Reports satisfactory progress in the negotiations with respect to certain advances of funds to the Provisional Government and incloses draft of the regulations for the supervision of the expenditures. 130
Mr. Knox to Mr. Herrick (telegram). May 24 Same subject. Quotes statement of the Department to the American group of the 22d inst., reiterating its attitude expressed May 17. 133
Mr. Chang Yin-Tang to Mr. Knox. May 25 Same subject. The negotiation between the four-power group and the Chinese Government has reached a critical stage. Requests good offices to the end that the negotiation may reach a satisfactory conclusion. 133
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Herrick (telegram). May 27 Same subject. Asks whether he has anything to report on the subject. 134
Mr. Chang Yin-Tang to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. States difficulties encountered in the negotiations due to the insistence of the four-power group upon terms which have no bearing upon the question of security and mode of repayment. 134
Mr. Knox to Mr. Chang Yin-Tang. May 29 Same subject. The Department has exerted its good offices to induce the interested bankers to advance, on terms mutually acceptable, the sums needed by the Chinese Government. 135
May 31 Opium conference. President’s message transmitting a communication of the Secretary of State covering the report of the American delegation to the conference. 204
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 3 Loan negotiations. Quotes memorandum of the French Government concerning the participation of other governments in the loan and the matter of guaranties and control of expenditures. 135
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 6 Same subject. The German Government is in accord with the views expressed by the Department. 136
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 10 Same subject. The British Government will admit the special rights of Russia and Japan in Manchuria and Mongolia, affirming at the same time the principle of the open door. 136
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). do Same subject. The insistence of the Japanese and Russian financial agents upon recognition in the bankers’ agreement of political rights of Japan and Russia in Mongolia and Manchuria may disrupt the loan negotiations. These political questions should be the subject of an understanding between the Governments concerned. 80
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. The British Government, in admitting special rights of Japan and Russia in Mongolia and Manchuria, will affirm the principle of the open door. 80
Same to same (telegram) June 11 Loan negotiations. Sir Edward Grey thinks it would be a mistake to move about the question of Manchuria before hearing from Japan and Russia. 137
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 13 Same subject. Quotes conditions under which the Japanese are ready to sign the six-group agreement. 137
[Page XL] Same to same (telegram) June 14 Same subject. The groups will telegraph to Russia that Japan’s proposal will be accepted and she will be admitted to the loan. Definite answer must be received from Russia by the 18th. 137
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Minister of Finance has served demand on the bankers to answer by June 15 whether or not they will advance 19,000,000 taels more during June. 137
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject, impress upon the Chinese Government that any hasty action would not be justified by a few days’ delay in the next preliminary advance. 138
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 15 Same subject. The President appears unyielding. He states that he must have 6,000,000 taels before Wednesday. It is rumored that Russia has arranged a loan of £10,000,000. 138
Mr. Knox to Mr. Herrick (telegram). do Same subject. If the other Governments concerned accept the proposed agreement this Government also approves. 138
Mr. Chang Yin-Tang to Mr. Knox. June 16 Same subject. Copy of a telegram from the Chinese Cabinet and Board of Finance, stating reasons why an advance of 6,000,000 taels is needed before the 19th inst. and directing him to request the good offices of the Department to urge the bankers to make the advance. 139
do Same subject. Memorandum of conversation between the Chinese Minister and the Secretary of State, in which the Minister was told that the Department had done everything possible to obtain the advance. 139
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 17 Political affairs. The German Government is of opinion that only such special rights of Japan and Russia can be recognized as have been acquired by treaty or convention. 80
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 18 Loan negotiations. Quotes agreement signed by the Russian group with the other groups and has approved declaration suggested by the Japanese group. 140
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The bankers advanced another 3,000,000 taels to-day. 140
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 19 Same subject. The Russian Government will approve the agreement signed by the Russian group under certain reservations. 140
Mr. Knox to Mr. Herrick (telegram). June 20 Same subject. Approves telegram of the 19th. 141
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The commission has agreed and adjourned. 141
do Same subject. Draft of telegram of the Interbank London conference giving agreements reached and conditions imposed by the conference. 141
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox June 24 Same subject. The plan submitted by the London Conference was rejected by the Chinese Government. 142
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Reid (telegram). June 26 Same subject. Instructs to ascertain the attitude of the Foreign Office toward the negotiations. 142
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 27 Same subject. Reports attitude of the British Foreign Office toward the large advances now being made to China. 142
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 29 Same subject. The German Government will support no further advances unless China accepts the conditions of control. 143
Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 30 Same subject. The British Minister at Peking has been instructed to inform the Chinese Government that the powers would not approve of any loan by their nationals except on conditions stipulated by the groups. 143
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 1 Same subject. The Chinese Government has reduced the amount of the proposed loan to £10,000,000, expecting relaxation of supervision, but this will not be granted. 143
588 Same to same July 2 Same subject. The Chinese will not submit to the terms imposed by the bankers, and a break must soon occur between the banking groups and the Chinese Government. There is violent and widespread opposition against the supervision of expenditures. 144
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. The Department concurs with the British Government in its view that loans should not be made to China without adequate provisions for supervision of expenditures. 145
Mr. MacVeagh to Speaker Clark. do Opium Conference. Transmits a letter of the Secretary of State, submitting an estimate of appropriation of $25,000 in connection with the international effort to eradicate the opium evil. 222
[Page XLI] Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 7 Loan negotiations. The French and British Ministers at Peking have been instructed that the best means of obtaining consent of China to conditions imposed is to suspend any advance. 145
Mr. Lou Tseng Tsiang to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 7 Political affairs. Announces his appointment as President of the Council of Ministers and expresses hope of early recognition of the Republic. 81
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). July 9 Same subject. Instructs to convey personal felicitations to Mr. Lou. 81
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Loan negotiations, upon being informed by the six ministers of the instructions received from their Governments the Chinese Premier and Minister of Finance replied that acceptance of the conditions was impossible. 145
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 12 Same subject. The Minister for Foreign Affairs does not wish to insist on a plan too onerous for China, and thinks that by imposing proper safeguards on independent loans China may be helped to preserve order. 145
Mr. Chang Yin Tang to Mr. Knox. July 15 Same subject. Transmits a statement from his Government to the effect that it would be mutually advantageous for the foreign Governments to withhold their support from the syndicate in its attempt to establish a monopoly. 146
598 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Reports that the Chinese Government failed to accept the conditions imposed by the six powers. 146
Mr. Knox to Mr. Herrick (telegram). July 18 Same subject. It is the opinion of the Department that the interests of the lenders and of China would be best served by the several Governments standing firmly by the representations made on July 9, but China should be at liberty to make other arrangements to meet its requirements. 147
Circular (telegram) July 20 Political affairs. Recognition of the Republic of China. Instructs to ascertain whether the powers are now willing to grant recognition. 81
603 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Knox do Adoption of a national flag. Incloses copies of notes from the Foreign Office quoting an Executive order and inclosing designs of the flag. 181
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 22 Political affairs. Recognition. The Japanese Foreign Office is giving matter consideration. 82
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Loan negotiations. Reports that China borrowed 3,000,000 taels from the German firm of Diederichsen & Co. 147
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 23 Same subject. The Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs considers complete control imperative in the interests of China as well as the world, and expressed hope that the Government of the United States would remain firm. 148
Same to same (telegram) do Political affairs. Recognition. The German Foreign Office does not believe this is an opportune time for recognition. 82
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 24 Loan negotiations. The Chinese Government has asked the Baldwin Locomotive Works for a loan of £300,000, it being understood that China will buy locomotives to that amount. The local agent desires to know the attitude of bur Government. 148
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). July 25 Same subject. This Government adheres to the position stated in instruction of July 2. The company must use its own discretion. 148
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. Recognition. The French Foreign Office desires to consult other powers before replying. 82
Mr. Guild to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 26 Same subject. Recognition. The Russian Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs promised an early reply. 82
Mr. Grew to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 27 Same subject. Recognition. The Austro-Hungarian Government does not feel that the time for the recognition of the republic has arrived 83
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 31 Same subject. Recognition. The French Government can not consider the question at this time. 83
Mr. Guild to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 3 Same subject. Recognition. The Russian Government thinks it would be prudent to withhold recognition until the Government of the Republic of china has been definitely established 83
612 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Recognition. Reports interviews with several colleagues on this subject. All of them seemed to think the time inopportune. 84
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 6 Same subject. Recognition. The British Foreign Office will reply shortly. 85
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 10 Same subject. Recognition. The British Government does not believe that recognition would add to the stability of the present administration. 85
[Page XLII] Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 10 Loan negotiations. It is the opinion of the six ministers that if China notifies any of them of a loan made by one of his nationals, he can take no action because the loan is not based upon the conditions approved by his Government. 149
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). do Same subject. Department approves, provided the other ministers receive similar instructions. 149
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 15 Political affairs. Recognition. The Japanese Government does not consider the existing Government organized in sufficient conformity with the requirements of international law to merit recognition 85
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 31 Same subject. Recognition. The British Minister has presented a memorandum to the Chinese Government stating that the British Government can not recognize the Republic of China until the latter Government ceases to interfere in affairs in Tibet. 86
M. de la Rocca to Mr. Knox Sept. 4 Loan negotiations. Advises that the Chinese Government has granted a concession to a German firm providing an advance of 8,000,000 marks to that Government, and that his Government has lodged protest with the German Government for this breach of the financial agreement. Asks support of the American Government. 149
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Leishman (telegram). Sept. 11 Same subject. Advises him of the above and instructs that he may cooperate with his colleagues if they are instructed in the same sense by informing the German Government that this Government adheres to the bankers telegram of May 15–June 20. 150
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Chinese Government is reported to have signed an agreement for a loan of £ 10,000,000 with British banks. 150
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Reid (telegram). do Same subject. Advises him of above telegram and expresses hope that the British Government will deter its nationals from making loans to China inconsistent with the policy as to which both Governments are in accord. 151
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Herrick (telegram). Sept. 17 Same subject. Any suggestion the Chinese Government may see fit to make, and which would include adequate and reasonable terms of supervision, would be carefully and sympathetically considered. 151
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 19 Same subject. The Foreign Office remains firm in its intention to discourage as far as possible the new British loan. 152
283 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun. Sept. 20 Political affairs. Recognition. It is the Department’s opinion that it would be more in accordance with established precedents to defer recognition until the present Provisional Government is replaced by a permanent one with constitutional authority. 86
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 25 Loan negotiations. The new London syndicate paid an advance of £500,000 of the proposed loan of £10,000,000 to the Chinese Government, if the loan is floated it will absorb all possible revenue securities and the sextuple group will have no excuse for its continuance. 152
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Sept. 26 Same subject. The Department attaches the highest importance to the broad principle of international cooperation and concerted action. The legation will use every effort to combat anything tending to jeopardize a policy so clearly set forth in previous instructions 152
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The British request for the cancellation of the new loan has positively been refused by Yuan Shih Kai. 153
Mi. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 27 Same subject. Canton reports that a Los Angeles firm has concluded a loan for $5,000,000 with the Government of the Province. The Assembly has approved. 153
192 Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox Sept. 28 Same subject. Owing to the unbending attitude of the groups, whose conditions China declares it can not accept, the Chinese Government has broken off the negotiations. The British Government is of the opinion that a last effort should be made to arrange terms under relaxed conditions. 153
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce Oct. 4 Same subject. States at length the attitude of the Government of the United States toward the loan negotiations. 154
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 5 Same subject. A Belgian company signed a new contract to build a railway in Kansuh, when the contract is ratified the company will pay China 5,000,000 taels. 157
[Page XLIII]645 Same to same Oct. 22 Same subject. The Chinese are now hostile to and have broken off negotiations with the sextuple group, and the probabilities are that if the deadlock continues, if other concessions like the Belgian are granted and if other loans like the London are made, a dissolution of the groups will result. 157
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Oct. 30 Same subject. The Japanese Government has suggested that the representatives of the groups should consult with their ministers to determine what terms are absolutely necessary and practicable for the reorganization loan; this has the approval of the British Government and the British and American groups. 159
217 Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Nov. 2 Same subject. Advises that the powers have concurred in the Japanese proposal and the British, French, and Russian ministers and the groups have been instructed accordingly. 159
Mr. MacVeagh to Speaker Clark. Dec. 2 Opium Conference. Transmits letter of the Secretary of State submitting an estimate of appropriation of $25,000 to enable this Government to continue its efforts to mitigate the opium, morphine, and other allied drug evils. 224
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Dec. 24 Indemnity payments. The Chinese Government has requested the postponement for one year of settlement of indemnity payments due from November, 1911, to December, 1912. If the ministers of other powers receive similar instructions this Government is disposed to grant the request. 159
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 28 Same subject. The German, Japanese, and American Ministers are authorized to consent to the postponement; the French conditionally; the Russian refuses; and the British Minister has no instructions. 160
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 30 Same subject. The German and Dutch Ministers suggest that consent to extension be given if majority of ministers agree. 160
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun (telegram). Dec. 31 Same subject. If a majority of the ministers consent to the extension, it is unlikely that this Government will demand immediate payment. 160

COLOMBIA.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
37 Mr. Du Bois to Mr. Knox 1912. Apr. 20 Claim of Gonzalo Ramos Ruiz v. The United States. Recommends payment of claim. 225
81 Mr. Harrison to Mr. Knox July 31 Message of the president. Transmits copies of Presidential message to Congress. 225
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Du Bois (telegram). Aug. 28 Claim of Gonzalo Ramos Ruiz v. The United States. Instructs him to draw on Secretary of State in settlement of Ruiz claim. 226

COSTA RICA.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Calvo to Mr. Wilson 1912. Feb. 14 Visit of the Secretary of State to Costa Rica. Assures him that he will be welcomed by the Government and people of Costa Rica. 229
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Langhorne. Feb. 24 Same subject. Informs him of the purpose of Mr. Knox’s visit. 230
Mr. Langhorne to Mr. Wilson Feb. 26 Same subject. States Costa Rican Government has made elaborate preparation for reception of Mr. Knox. 230
Same to same Mar. 7 Same subject. Makes general report of Mr. Knox’s visit and incloses clippings, giving the speech of President Jimenez, together with the reply of Mr. Knox. 231M
May 1 Message of President. Extract 227
President Jiménez to President Taft. May 20 Visit of the Secretary of State to Costa Rica. Expresses Costa Rica’s appreciation of Mr. Knox’s visit. 234
June 6 Naturalization Convention between the United States and Costa Rica. Text. 227
President Taft to President Jiménez. July 10 Visit of the Secretary of State to Costa Rica. Assures him the Government and people of the United States appreciate the friendly spirit shown toward the United States by the cordial reception of Mr. Knox. 235
[Page XLIV]

CUBA

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
941 Mr. Jackson to Mr. Knox 1911. June 19 Raising of the wreck of the U. S. S. Maine. In view of the progress made in the work the President of Cuba has issued an order prescribing honors to be paid to the remains of American sailors. 304
347 Mr. Knox to Mr. Jackson June 27 Same subject. Instructs to convey to the Government of Cuba the thanks of this Government for the demonstration of its sympathy. 304
1184 Mr. Gibson to Mr. Knox Nov. 10 Agitation of Cuban veterans. Reports that various associations of veterans of the wars for independence are carrying on a systematic campaign to force the national and local authorities to dismiss from the public service all “guerrilleros,” Cubans who bore arms for the Spanish cause. 236
1188 Same to same Nov. 13 Same subject: Reports that a bill was introduced in the Senate to amend the civil-service law so as to exclude from public office all persons who fought against Cuban independence. 237
1198 Same to same Nov. 16 Same subject. President Gómez and the leaders of the veterans’ associations have agreed to refer the matter to a commission of arbitration. 2
1207 Same to same Nov. 21 Same subject. The Government has complied with the original demands of the veterans by an agreement to suspend all “guerrilleros” who are protected by the civil-service law until they can be dismissed by an amended law. 237
1225 Same to same Dec. 1 Same subject. The bill passed by the Senate to amend the civil-service law is meeting opposition in the House and the situation is becoming more serious. 238
1233 Same to same Dec. 4 Same subject. A bill has been introduced in the repeal in its entirely the civil-service law. 238
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 8 Same subject. The veterans now demand the dismissal of “traitors” from the judiciary and elective offices as well as from the civil service. 239
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 14 Same subject. The bill to suspend the civil-service law has been passed by both Houses. 239
1255 Same to same Dec. 16 Same subject. The suspension act as amended and sanctioned by the President not only affects the civil service but the judiciary and military as well. States regulations prescribed to execute the law. 239
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). 1912. Jan. 11 Same subject. The House passed a resolution accusing officers of the Army and Rural Guard of pernicious activity. The newspapers regard the situation as critical. 240
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 15 Same subject. The President issued a decree forbidding officers of the Army and Rural Guard to participate in politics and to attend meetings of Veterans’ associations whose leaders are making threatening speeches. 240
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). Jan. 16 Same subject. Instructs him to inform the President of Cuba that the President of the United States looks to the President and Government of Cuba to prevent a threatened situation which would compel the Government of the United States to consider what measures it must take in pursuance of its relations to Cuba. 240
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 17 Same subject. The President desires to be informed whether the Department means that the new civil-service law amendments must be immediately repealed. 241
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). do Same subject. The retroactive measures were not contemplated in Department’s telegram of the 16th instant, and the paragraph is too clear to require any interpretation. 241
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox Jan. 20 Same subject. Incloses an agreement arrived at between the President and the Association of Veterans which, it is believed, will settle the trouble. 241
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 23 Enlargement of the United States Naval Station at Guantanamo. The matter is now before the Senate and it is expected that the act will be signed in a few days. 293
71 Same to same Jan. 26 Negro uprising. Reports that Evaristo Estenoz, the leader of the “Independent Colored Party” of Cuba, called at the Legation and stated that it was the intention of the party to send a delegation to Washington to lay their grievances before President Taft. 242
86 Same to same Jan. 30 Arbitration of Cuban insurrectionary claims. Reports that the question is apparently receiving serious attention from the Cuban Government. 273
[Page XLV]90 Same to same Jan. 30 Same subject. Reports that he has been approached by the British, French, and German Ministers with the request that he support them in their request for arbitration. 277
95 Same to same Feb. 2 Naval station at Guantánamo. Incloses a copy of his note to the Foreign Office urging a definite and final decision. 293
101 Same to same Feb. 7 Same subject. Incloses a copy of a draft convention submitted by the Secretary of State of Cuba. 294
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Knox Feb. 10 Raising of the U. S. S. Maine. Requests to inform the President of Cuba that one of the turrets of the Maine will be delivered to Cuba for memorial purposes. 305
104 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox Feb. 12 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Incloses extended correspondence with the Cuban Secretary of State on the question whether Cuba should accede to the demand of the three powers for arbitration. 277
Mr. Rivero to Mr. Knox Feb. 15 Visit of Secretary of State Knox to Cuba. Acknowledges receipt of announcement of, and gives assurance that the Secretary will receive a cordial Welcome. 297
31 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré. Feb. 17 Raising of the U. S. S. Maine. Instructs to convey the above information to the Government of Cuba. 305
122 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox Feb. 19 Negro uprising. A committee headed by Evaristo Estenoz, of the Independent Colored Party, called on the President to induce him to use his influence for the repeal of the Morua law, which forbids the organization of negroes into a political party. The request was refused. 243
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré. Feb. 22 Raising of the U. S. S. Maine. Advises him of the ceremonies to be held in connection with the removal of the Maine from the harbor of Habana and its sinking in deep water outside of the harbor. 306
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Program of the exercises in Habana. 306
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). do Same subject. General Bixby, Chief of Engineers, will officially receive the remains of the Maine. 307
132 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox Feb. 27 Negro uprising. Estenoz is a troublesome negro agitator, and may in the present unsettled political situation be capable of precipitating trouble of a serious nature. 243
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). Mar. 2 Raising of the U. S. S. Maine. The Navy Department would prefer to receive the remains taken from the Maine on the wharf in Habana. 307
138 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox Mar. 5 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Incloses a copy of a personal note with inclosure, informing him of the more recent developments of the negotiations with the representatives of the three powers. 281
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). Mar. 9 Visit of Secretary Knox to Cuba. Gives personnel of the Secretary’s party. 297
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 11 Raising of the U. S. S. Maine. The arrangements for the reception of the remains will be modified as requested. 307
165 Same to same Mar. 20 Same subject. Incloses newspaper comment concerning the wreck of the Maine and the honors to the victims. 308
173 Same to same Mar. 23 Negro uprising. Incloses a copy of a telegram received from the Independent Colored Party, protesting against the action of the Cuban Government in breaking up a meeting cruces. 244
182 Same to same Mar. 27 Raising of the U. S. S. Maine. Incloses copy of a note from the Secretary of State of Cuba, expressing gratitude for the presentation of one of the turrets of the Maine. 308
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 2 Same subject. Quotes the part of the President’s message to Congress relating to the Maine. 308
60 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré Apr. 6 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Incloses a letter from President Taft stating that the statement of the Secretary of State of Cuba as to his conversation with President Taft is correct. 283
209 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox Apr. 17 Visit of Secretary Knox to Cuba. Reports on the visit, inclosing copies of the addresses made. 298
Same to same (telegram) May 4 Negro uprising. Reports that a strike was inaugurated by the stevedores of Habana. 244
Same to same (telegram) May 20 Same subject. Reports the arrest of a number of negroes in Santiago, Santa Clara, and Pinar del Rio for an alleged revolutionary plot. Estenoz, with a number of other suspects, have disappeared. 245
Same to same (telegram) May 21 Same subject. Reports conflicts between rural guards and small bands of negroes at various points. Government sending out troops. 245
Same to same (telegram) May 23 Same subject. President fears he will not be able to station on all foreign properties sufficient forces to guarantee absolute protection. 245
[Page XLVI] Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). May 23 Same subject. In order to accord protection to American interests in the vicinity of the naval station at Guantanamo several American vessels with marines will be sent to that station. 245
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 24 Same subject. No agreement in stevedore strike, and there is strong probability of a general strike in Habana and other cities. Suggests advisability of having naval vessels and a force of marines in readiness in event of trouble. 246
268 Same to same do Same subject. Gives a resume of the situation 246
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). May 25 Same subject. The U. S. S. Nebraska will arrive at Habana on the 26th, and a gunboat will be sent to Nipe Bay. Instructs to inform the Cuban Government that in the event of inability or failure of that Government to protect American interests this Government will land forces to accord the necessary protection. 248
President Gómez to President Taft (telegram). May 26 Same subject. Recounts the measures taken by the Cuban Government to suppress the disorders and protests against the measures contemplated by the Government of the United States. 248
President Taft to President Gómez (telegram). May 27 Same subject. Expresses gratification to learn of the energetic measures taken by the Government of Cuba to suppress the disturbances. This Government took the precautionary measures to protect American interests and to give moral support to the Cuban Government. It is not an intervention. 249
President Gómez to President Taft (telegram). do Same subject. States that he is gratified to learn that the Government of the United States will morally support the Government of Cuba without landing marines on Cuban territory unless both 249
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). May 28 Same subject. Americans in Oriente have applied to this Government for protection. Instructs to make representations to the Cuban Government and to reserve rights of reclamation for damages. 250
Same to same (telegram) May 29 Same subject. Instructs to explain to President Gómez that this Government does not undertake to consult the Cuban Government if a crisis arises requiring the temporary landing of forces in Cuba on the broad principle of international practice. 250
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Incloses a copy of an order from Estenoz to his lieutenants directing them to destroy property of Americans if the Morúa law is not repealed by June 1, and thereafter to kill white men irrespective of nationality. 250
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. President Gómez recognizes our rights under the conditions named. 251
Same to same (telegram) May 30 Same subject. Strong representations were made for the protection of the Spanish-American Iron Co. and promises were given that protection will be accorded. 251
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). June 1 Same subject. Quotes instruction sent to American consuls in Cuba concerning protection of American interests 251
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Instructs to direct American consular officers to report to the Legation and the Department twice a week movement of Cuban and revolutionary forces in their districts; also instructs to endeavor to have Cuban guards placed on American properties. 252
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Reports persistent rumors of a concerted negro uprising in Habana. President Gómez states that he has no knowledge of such plan and that he has ample forces to put down any movement 252
Same to same (telegram) June 2 Same subject. From apparently reliable information it is evident that negroes have bought large quantities of arms and many negroes have left the city. 252
Same to same (telegram) June 3 Same subject. Reports that La Maya, a town of 4,000 inhabitants, was completely destroyed by insurgents. The town was defended by seven rurales. 253
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. In a message to Congress the President asked for authority to suspend constitutional guaranties. 253
285 Same to same June 4 Same subject. Reports at length on the situation 253
Same to same (telegram.) June 5 Same subject. The Cuban Government thoroughly understands that the Government of the United States reserves the right to land troops in Cuba; All possible facilities and cooperation will be extended to them. Asks that any rebels captured by American troops be delivered to Cuban officials. 253
[Page XLVII] Same to same (telegram) June 5 Same subject. The President was authorized to suspend constitutional guaranties in Oriente Province. 254
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). do Same subject. Owing to the failure of Cuba to afford adequate protection to American interests Marines have been landed at Guantanamo. Instructs to impress upon the President that a continued failure on the part of his Government to protect life and property will lead to intervention by the United States. 254
287 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox June 6 Same subject. Makes observations, on the serious condition in Cuba, especially in Oriente Province. 255
Same to same (telegram) June 7 Same subject. The President issued a manifesto calling for volunteers “to combat the present movement against civilization.” 256
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. The Speaker of the House of Representatives left to-day for Washington. He is reported to have gone there for the purpose of obtaining additional assistance in protecting property. 257
Mr. Sanguily to Mr. Beaupré June 8 Same subject. Reviews the endeavors of the Government of Cuba to suppress the insurrection and intimates that the intervention which has been initiated and is being prepared by the Government of the United States is in no sense justified. 257
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 9 Same subject. Disorders in Habana have assumed character of race war. Great apprehension is felt. Recommends the sending of a war vessel. 260
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). do Same subject. Two war vessels will be ordered to Habana immediately. 260
Same to same (telegram) June 10 Same subject. Mr. Ferrara called at the Department and stated that the reports to this Government as to the situation in Cuba had been greatly exaggerated. Minister Rivero urges the recall of the war vessels from Habana. 260
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. States that he is convinced that there is no reason for the withdrawal of the war vessels 261
291 Same to same June 11 Same subject. Full report on the disorder in Habana. 261
Same to same (telegram) June 12 Same subject. The American Consul at Santiago telegraphs that the Government has issued an order offering amnesty to the insurgents who surrender before June 22. 263
Mr. Ferrara to Mr. Knox June 13 Same subject. Suggests that the American Minister in Cuba issue declarations defining the attitude of the Government of the United States toward Cuba, which declarations would greatly tend to allay the unrest there. 263
Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Requests protection of British subjects by American forces in the disturbed area in Cuba. 264
Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject, wholesale arrests of negroes in Habana continue. Although the Government maintains that the rest of the country is quiet, negroes are conspiring in various parts without interference from the authorities. 264
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. The Cuban Secretary of State has given to the press a telegram from Ferrara saying “ships ordered withdrawn.” 265
48 Mr. Knox to Mr. Rivero do Same subject. Replies to his request for the withdrawal of the American warships from Habana that, in view of the information before it, the Government of the United States does not feel justified in changing its naval dispositions. 265
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram) June 14 Same subject. Instructs to give publicity to quoted statement defining the attitude of the Government of the United States toward Cuba. 265
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Instructs to bring to the attention of the Foreign Office the request for protection of the Esperanza San Miguel Sugar Mills, a Spanish firm. 266
Mr. Knox to Mr. Ferrara June 15 Same subject. Incloses a copy of the telegram to Mr. Beaupré of June 14. 266
1540 Mr. Knox to Mr. Innes June 20 Same subject. Informs him that his request for protection of British subjects in Cuba has been communicated to the Secretary of the Navy. 266
102 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré June 24 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Incloses a memorandum of a conversation between the Secretary of State and the French Ambassador on this subject. 284
Mr. Holaday to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 28 Negro uprising. Reports that the rebel leader Estenoz was killed in battle at Micara. 267
[Page XLVIII] Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). June 29 Same subject. Advises him that the large war vessels have been ordered north from Habana and Guantánamo. 267
319 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox July 1 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Incloses a copy of his note to the Foreign Office, transmitting substance of Department’s memorandum of June 24, 1912. 285
323 Same to same July 2 Negro uprising. Reports that the situation has improved to a marked degree. 276
327 Same to same July 5 Zapata swamp concession. Reports that a concession for the reclamation of the Ciénaga de Zapata has been granted, which seems to require that an emphatic protest be made by the Government of the United States. 309
355 Same to same July 12 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Incloses a copy of a note from the Cuban Secretary of State replying to his note based upon Department’s memorandum of June 94. 286
Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). July 17 Zapata swamp concession. Instructs to inform the Government of Cuba that the Government of the United States is impelled to express its emphatic disapproval of the concession. 311
343 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox July 18 Same subject. Incloses copy of his note to the President based on above telegram. 311
Same to same (telegram) July 19 Same subject. Incloses long note from President Gómez replying to his note based on Department’s telegram of the 17th inst. 311
Same to same July 20 Same subject. Takes exception to the statement in President Gómez’s note that frequent “contradictory advice” is sent through the Legation. 313
Mr. Adee to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to inform President Gómez that this Government, pending the announcement of its determination and purpose, is making full reservations in the premises. 313
346 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox July 22 Same subject. Incloses correspondence with President Gómez. 313
149 Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox do Negro uprising. Offers thanks for protection accorded to British interests in Cuba. 268
359 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox July 25 Zapata swamp concession. Reports that a bill was introduced in the Senate with a view to preventing further granting of State lands and other common property. States provisions of the bill. 314
123 Mr. Knox to Mr. Gibson Aug. 15 Same subject, instructs to transmit to President Gómez the reply of the United States to the contentions of the Cuban Government. 314
390 Mr. Gibson to Mr. Knox Aug. 21 Same subject. Reports that he has addressed a note to President Gómez in the language desired by the Department. 316
401 Same to same Aug. 27 Same subject. Incloses anote from President Gómez acceding to the interpretations of the American Government, and stating that the objectionable concession has been repealed. 316
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 27 Assault upon the American Charge d’Affaires. Reports that he was assaulted while entering a hotel by a reporter of La Prensa, who was immediately arrested. 268
57 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Rivero Aug. 28 Same subject. The Department expects the Cuban Government to take prompt and energetic measures adequately to punish the offender. 268
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Gibson (telegram). do Same subject. The Department has requested the Cuban Legation to take prompt measures to punish the offender. 269
402 Mr. Gibson to Mr. Knox Aug. 29 Same subject. Gives full account of the affair and reports upon the apparent indifference of the Cuban authorities. Requests authority for himself and the Second Secretary of Legation to testify in the case. 269
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Gibson (telegram). Aug. 30 Same subject. The Department has impressed upon the Cuban Minister that this Government expects Cuba to realize its duties and promptly and adequately deal with the situation. 272
37 Mr. Rivero to Mr. Wilson Aug. 31 Same subject. Expresses regret at the occurrence and confidence that the courts of Cuba will deal with the offender to the full extent of the law. 272
Mr. Gibson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 1 Same subject. Reports that the President of Cuba has sent a telegram to President Taft which utterly fails to cover the needs of the case. 273
Mr. Rivero to Mr. Knox Sept. 2 Same subject. Incloses copy of a telegram from President Gómez to President Taft expressing regret. 273
Mr. Gibson to Mr. (telegram). sept. 3 same subject The Cuban secretary of state has created a general feeling of apprehension by stating that the situation was very serious. 274
[Page XLIX] President Taft to President Gómez. Sept. 4 Same subject. Acknowledges telegram of President Gómez expressing condemnation of the assault and of the vicious attacks by the press upon the American Legation. Expresses regret that the assurances of redress did not come before it became necessary to make representations to the Cuban Government. 275
Mr. Gibson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 6 Same subject. The newspapers have been asked by the Cuban Secretary of State to cease their campaign of abuse and the better class of papers are becoming more friendly. 275
138 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Gibson Sept. 16 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Instructs him to advise the Cuban Foreign Office that it is the conviction of this Government that the fundamental question as to the insurrectionary claims should be submitted to arbitration. 288
434 Mr. Gibson to Mr. Knox Sept. 20 Zapata swamp concession. Incloses copy of a letter from Isaac K. Champion, an American contractor who is interested in the company which seeks the concession. The company is willing to waive all forestry rights and make the grant more specific. 317
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 23 Assault upon the American Chargé d’Affaires. Requests authority to reply to written interrogatories from the Audiencia. 276
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Gibson (telegram). Sept. 25 Same subject. Authority granted 276
442 Mr. Gibson to Mr. Knox Sept. 26 Arbitration of Cuban claims. The Cuban Secretary of State gives his reasons why Cuba could not at present arrange the question for arbitration. 288
450 Same to same Oct. 1 Zapata swamp concession. Incloses various communications favoring the granting of the concession. 318
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 8 Assault upon the American Chargé d’Affaires. Reports that Maza was sentenced to two years and six months imprisonment. 276
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Gibson (telegram). Oct. 12 Same subject. Mr. Gibson will not be transferred to Brussels, as had been intended, but will remain in Habana. 276
153 Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré. Oct. 21 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Instructs to advise the Cuban Secretary of State that it would be unwise to make public the expression of this Government on this subject at this time. 290
477 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox. Oct. 23 Naval station at Guantanamo. Incloses final text of the proposed convention. 294
306 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Rodgers Oct. 24 Zapata swamp concession. Instructs to make a thorough investigation of the various issues involved in this matter. 318
159 Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré. Oct. 28 Same subject. Informs him that the American Consul General at Habana has been instructed to make an investigation of the case and to report to the Department. 319
665 Mr. Rodgers to Mr. Knox Oct. 30 Same subject. It will probably be necessary for him to go to the Zapata swamp region or the swamp itself, which implies time, as the district is practically inaccessible except during the dry season. 320
666 Same to same Nov. 2 Same subject. Expects to leave for the swamp, in company with Mr. Champion, in the near future. 320
169 Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré. Nov. 15 Naval station at Guantanamo. Incloses a copy of a letter from the Secretary of the Navy approving the final text, of the proposed convention. 294
674 Mr. Rodgers to Mr. Knox. Nov. 20 Zapata concession. Reports that Mr. Champion’s statements as to the character of the area included in the concession, the timber thereon, etc., are almost exact. The opening of the district to cultivation would, be of great benefit. 321
170 Mr. Knox to Mr. Beaupré Nov. 21 Naval station at Guantanamo. Incloses full powers 295
675 Mr. Rodgers to Mr. Knox Nov. 23 Zapata swamp concession. Adds to his report that the land as at present is absolutely worthless and can not be reclaimed unless a very large amount of money is spent. 321
260 Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Dec. 20 Arbitration of Cuban claims. Incloses a copy of a joint note and agreement sent by the representatives of Germany, France, and Great Britain to the Government of Cuba relating to the arbitration of their claims against Cuba. 291
571 Mr. Beaupré to Mr. Knox Dec. 27 Naval station at Guantanamo. Incloses the convention signed by himself and the Secretary of State of Cuba. 295
Mr. Champion to Mr. Hart (telegram). Dec. 28 Zapata swamp concession. Asks when he can expect a decision. 322
Mr. Knox to Mr. Champion (telegram). Dec. 30 Same subject. Department expects to have a conference with Consul General Rodgers soon and will then make its decision. 322
[Page L]

DENMARK

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Hilles to Mr. Knox 1912. Jan. 6 Presentational a park. American citizens of Danish descent have purchased a tract in Jutland to pre sent as a park to Denmark; requests opinion as to certain details of participation in dedication exercises. 335
Mr. Knox to Mr. Hilles Jan. 24 Same subject. Assents to the suggested details of participation in the dedication. 336
Mr. Brun to Mr. Knox Jan. 27 Inheritance tax. The Iowa State Treasurer claims the right to impose on a nonresident alien heir a tax in addition to that imposed, on other heirs according to the Iowa statute, whereas art. 7 of the commercial treaty between Denmark and the United States waives such a tax upon nonresident Danish heirs. The State Treasurer claims that art. 7 does not apply. The Danish Minister protests, with statement of bases of protest. 323
Mr. Brun to Mr. Knox Feb. 2 Same subject. Further interpretation of art. 7 324
Mr. Knox to Mr. Brun Feb. 7 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Brun’s memorandum of Jan. 27. Is receiving attentive consideration. 325
140 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Egan Feb. 17 Presentation of a park. The President accepts the honorary presidency of the dedication ceremonies. 336
Mr. Brun to Mr. Knox Apr. 17 Inheritance tax. Refers to the previous memoranda and renews the protest of Jan. 27. 325
Mr. Knox to Mr. Brun Apr. 23 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of memorandum of Apr. 17. The case is receiving attentive consideration. 326
Mr. Denison to Mr. Knox. Apr. 30 Same subject. The Assistant Attorney General incloses a letter from the U. S. Attorney for the Northern District of Iowa, reporting the status of the intervening petition filed by him in the case. 326
Mr. Knox to Mr. Brun May 15 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Brun’s Apr. 17; the Department of Justice is endeavoring, to obtain for the non-resident Danish heir the desired reimbursement. 327
Count Moltke to Mr. Knox do Accession of King Christian. X. Announcing the death of King Frederic VIII. 333
164 Mr. Wilson to Count Moltke do Same subject. The President has sent a message of sympathy to King Christian X. 333
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Egan (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to express the sympathy of the Secretary of State to the Minister for Foreign Affairs. 333
Kins Christian to the President (telegram) May 16 Same subject. Expression of gratitude for the President’s sympathy. 333
Mr. Knox to Mr. Richard son (telegram). May 21 Same subject. Credentials as Special Envoy for the funeral services. 334
170 Mr. Knox to Mr. Brun June 12 Inheritance tax. Replies further to Mr. Brun’s Apr. 17. The nonresident Danish heir having paid the disputed tax and signed a receipt in full, and the estate having been closed, the Attorney General believes the heir estopped; but if desired the Department of Justice will assist in equity proceedings. 327
The President to Mr. Egan. July 8 Presentation of a park. Request to convey his greetings to King Christian and the Danish nation. 337
Count Moltke to Mr. Knox July 9 Accession of Christian X. Transmits letter to the President from King Christian, dated June 21, announcing his succession to the throne. 334
173 Mr. Knox to Count Moltke July 17 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of the King’s letter to the President. 334
598 Mr. Egan to Mr. Knox Aug. 8 Presentation of a park. Description of the dedication ceremonies. 337
Mr. Harr to Mr. Knox Aug. 15 Inheritance tax. The Assistant Attorney General incloses a letter from U. S. Attorney Faville for the Northern District of Iowa, inclosing the findings of the Iowa court, holding against the application of art. 7 of the treaty; Mr. Faville suggests appeal; also inclosed is a later concerning an analogous case, in view of which he withholds institution of proceedings. Mr. Harr believes the Government can not secure legal standing in the case. 328
161 Mr. Adee to Mr. Egan Aug. 21 Accession of Christian X. Incloses letter from the President to the King, acknowledging His Majesty’s letter of June 21. 335
Mr. Brun to Mr. Knox Oct. 24 Inheritance tax. Refers to Mr. Knox’s Feb. 7. The case will be appealed to the Supreme Court of Iowa. Mr. Brun desires to know whether an appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States would lie if the Iowa court’s decision of adverse. 331
3 Mr. Knox to Mr. Brun Nov. 20 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Brun’s Oct. 24. The Department of Justice is inclined to believe that an appeal would be possible to the Supreme Court of the United States. 331
[Page LI] Mr. Adkins to Mr. Knox Nov. 21 Same subject. The Acting Attorney General incloses a letter from Mr. Faville, who believes the Government can not obtain standing on its own petition of intervention unless the heir also appeal, in which case Mr. Faville will join for the Government as intervenor. 332

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). 1912. Jan. 8 Political affairs. President of Haiti has ordered authorities to resist entry of Dominican revolutionists. 340
Mr. Knox to Mr. Furniss (telegram). Jan. 15 Arbitration of boundary dispute. It is gratifying to learn of Haitian Government’s action against revolutionists and that it is willing to broaden the powers of the boundary plenipotentiary. 380
Mr. Russell, to Mr. Knox Jan. 19 Political affairs. Is informed that Haitian authorities have sent arms to Desiderio Arias. 341
Same to same (telegram) do Arbitration. Mr. Peynado, the Minister to the United States, will arrive with full general power to sign a boundary protocol to be submitted to plebiscite 380
Mr. Knox to Mr. Furniss (telegram). Jan. 23 Political affairs. Investigate report received from Mr. Russell concerning Arias. If true, make pro test to Haitian Government. 341
Mr. Knox to Mr. Russell (telegram). do Same subject. If report is confirmed, send messenger to Arias and Toribio to urge them to cease revolutionary activity and warn them not to expect recognition by this Government of any unrepresentative and irresponsible régime. 341
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 26 Same subject. Report of shipment of arms is false 342
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram) Jan. 27 Same subject. Report that Arias, Toribio, et al. crossed from Haiti intending to disturb the peace; are aided by Haiti. 342
Same to same(telegram) Feb. 8 Same subject. Toribio killed 342
1019 Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox do Arbitration. Incloses note from Dominican Legation at Port au Prince relative to boundary question. Description of inclosure (not printed). 381
Mr. Peynado to Mr. Wilson. Feb. 15 Visit of the Secretary. Expresses pleasure of his Government at the prospective visit of the Secretary of State to the Dominican Republic. 387
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox Feb. 24 Political affairs. Haitian forces continue to occupy Dominican territory. Haitian Government openly aiding revolution. 343
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Furniss (telegram). Mar. 1 Same subject. State to Dominican Government that this Government expects Haiti to maintain a neutral attitude. 343
Same to same (telegram) do Arbitration. Refers to Mr. Furniss’s No. 1019 and instructs to urge haste in issuing full powers. 381
Mr. Peynado to Mr. Wilson Mar. 4 Visit of the Secretary. Transmits cablegram from his Government expressing pleasure in anticipating the Secretary’s visit. 388
Mr. Russell to Mr. Wilson Mar. 5 Same subject. The Minister for Foreign Affairs says Mr. Knox will be heartily received. 388
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). do. Arbitration. The Haitian Government will issue such powers as this Government desires the plenipotentiary to have. 381
Same to same (telegram) do. Political affairs. Assurance given that Haiti is doing all it can to be neutral. 343
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Peynado Mar. 7 Visit of the Secretary. Thanks for the message from the Dominican Government transmitted in his Mar. 4. 388
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 8 Political affairs. Vasquez and the two Rodriguez left Porto Rico for Haiti and will receive arms from the United States. 344
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Jackson (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to notify Cuban Foreign Office of movements of Vasquez and the Rodriguez, and request full information if they come within Cuban jurisdiction. 344
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Furniss (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits report concerning Vasquez and Rodriguez, with instruction to say that this Government expects Haiti to prevent their operations on Haitian territory. 344
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 9 Same subject. Instructions of Mar. 8 informally presented to Haiti, which will do all it can to maintain neutrality. 345
Same to same (telegram) Mar. 11 Vásquez and the Rodriquez have arrived at Port au Prince, but Haitian Government refused to allow them to land. 345
[Page LII]136 Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox Mar. 11 Message of the President. Incloses copy 339
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Furniss (telegram). Mar. 18 Arbitration. Instruction to state to the Haitian Government that the United States must consider Haiti to have modified its attitude toward arbitration if it does not prosecute the revolutionist more actively; and to communicate the desired wording of the powers of the plenipotentiary 381
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 21 Same subject. Instructions of Mar. 18 complied with; purport of Haiti’s reply; Haiti will send desired powers at once to the plenipotentiary. 382
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. Dominican Minister at Washing ton instructed to consult the Department as to ultimatum to Haiti for open violation of treaties. 345
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Russell (telegram). Mar. 27 Same subject. The Department strongly deprecate Dominican suggestion of ultimatum. Dominical Minister will recommend American frontier guard as previous to 1908. This Government believes this would help maintain status quo. 345
Mr. Knox to President Victoria. do Visit of the Secretary. Address 389
President Victoria to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Reply to Mr. Knox’s address 390
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram) Apr. 2 Political affairs. Haiti has sent men and arms to Thomazeau; Dominican Government supposes these to be in aid of revolution and requests our aid in securing two fast gunboats. 346
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 15 Same subject. Dominican Government’s forces frustrated by Haitian aid to revolutionists. Repeats request as to gunboats. 346
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 20 Same subject. Arias has left Haiti with reinforcements. Government urgently needs gunboat. 346
Mr. Knox to Mr. Russell (telegram). Apr. 24 Same subject. Instructs to counsel Dominican Government to make friendly overtures to revolutionists 346
Mr. Knox to Mr. Peynado and Mr. Menos. Apr. 26 Arbitration invitation to meet at the Department on Apr. 27 to renew negotiations. 383
Mr. Doyle to Mr. Wilson Apr. 27 Same subject. Memorandum of meeting of the plenipotentiaries on Apr. 27. Exchange of powers 383
Same to same Apr. 30 Same subject. Memorandum of meeting of plenipotentiaries on Apr. 30. Mr. Menos declared that the existing conventions between the two countries in themselves settle the boundary question. Mr. Peynado claimed the conventions invalid. Also that the status quo line should be settled before the arbitration proceeded, and he would present a memorandum on this point. Mr. Menos presented a draft of a proposed first article of the convention of arbitration. 384
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 8 Political affairs. Memorandum of Dominican Government quoted; reviews official action and states present conditions. 347
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Russell (telegram). May 11 Same subject. Instruction to express this Government’s gratification at Dominican efforts to restore peace. 348
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 6 Same subject. The Haitian Government reports Dominican troops invading Haiti. 348
Mr. Knox to Mr. Russell (telegram). June 8 Same subject. Instruction, if report from Mr. Russell is true, to warn Dominican Government to refrain. 348
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 11 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Knox’s June 8; Dominican Government says revolutionary troops from Haitian territory were driven back. Other revolutionists attacked Dominicans, obliging them to advance. 349
Mr. Peynado to Mr. Knox June 12 Same subject. Reviews history of frontier troubles with Haiti and Haiti’s request for the good offices of the United States; discusses the proposed arbitration at Washington; requests this Government to urge Haiti to abandon occupied territory. 349
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 21 Same subject. Transmits Haitian proposals for settlement of frontier question by a joint commission; bases given; Dominican Government rejects one of these; maintenance of status quo line; consequent deadlock. 357
Mr. Doyle to Mr. Wilson June 22 Arbitration. Memorandum of meeting of plenipotentiaries on June 22. No progress. 385
13 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Peynado June 24 Political affairs. Acknowledges note of June 12 357
Mr. Knox to Mr. Furniss (telegram). June 29 Same subject. Gives summary of Mr. Peynado’s note of June 12; instructs to verify the allegations; to inform President of Haiti of receipt of the note, which appears well founded; to warn Haiti to observe the status quo, and to request withdrawal from occupied territory. 358
[Page LIII]168 Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox July 1 Same subject. Incloses memorandum of Dominican Foreign Office, containing proposal as to neutrality and counter proposal of Dominican Government. 359
Mr. Doyle to Mr. Wilson do Arbitration. Memorandum of meeting of plenipotentiaries on July 1. Mr. Peynado had received from Mr. Menos a draft protocol; he submitted his observations regarding it and his own draft protocol. 385
171 Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox. July 3 Political affairs. Reviews state of affairs. 359
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 4 Same subject. Refers to Department’s June 29 President of Haiti willing to withdraw forces from territory to be designated by United States if not liable to occupation by Dominican forces. 360
1096 Same to same. July 6 Same subject; States in full what was briefly reported by telegraph July 4. President of Haiti urges Mr. Furniss to make investigation personally a loner the boundary. 360
Mr. Knox to Mr. Furniss (telegram). July 9 Same subject. Instructs to visit Pedernales region and report, bearing in mind desirability of restoring status quo at time of acceptance of good offices of the United States, which would involve Dominican occupation of certain territory in dispute. 362
Mr. Doyle to Mr. Wilson July 10 Arbitration. Memorandum of meeting of plenipotentiaries on July 6. No progress. Statement of causes of disagreement. 386
1105 Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox. July 29 Political affairs. Report of investigation, which reveals that Dominican statements are exaggerated. Occupation is a question that should be deferred in view of proposed arbitration. 362
190 Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox Aug. 2 Same subject. Reviews the situation. 363
193 Same to same. Aug. 14 Same subject. Revolutionists take Dajabon. Financial crisis near. 364
Mr. Adee to Mr. Russell (telegram). Sept. 14 Same subject. Requests suggestions as to means of ending revolution. 365
210 Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox Sept. 16 Same subject. Review of the situation. 365
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 19 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Sept. 14; suggests occupation by the United States of abandoned frontier customhouses. 366
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Russell (identic telegram). Sept. 24 Same subject. Instructs to notify the Government to which he is accredited that this Government will regard as the status quo line during the boundary controversy that of the map of the General Staff. 1907; this line will be patrolled. 367
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Furniss (identic telegram). do Same subject. Same text as to Mr. Russell of this date regarding map of status quo line. 368
Mr. Wilson to Gen. McIntyre and Mr. Doyle. do Same subject. Instructions to proceed to Santo Domingo, reestablish Dominican customhouses, and make a complete examination of Dominican affairs. 366
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Russell (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to deliver note to Foreign Office regarding map showing de facto boundary line. 368
Mr. Adee to Mr. Peynado Sept. 27 Same subject. Identic note, giving text of identic instructions of Sept. 24 to Mr. Russell and Mr. Furniss, with comment thereon, and adding a suggestion that the Ministers sign the minutes of the boundary conferences. 369
Mr. Adee to Mr. Menos do Same subject. Same as to Mr. Peynado of this date 369
340 Mr. Menos to Mr. Knox Sept. 30 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Adee’s Sept. 27. Invokes the statement of Secretary Hay in 1905. 370
1138 Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox Oct. 10 Same subject. Refers to Department’s telegram of Sept. 24 and incloses correspondence with Haitian Government. 370
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 14 Same subject. Reports delivery of note instructed Sept. 24 to deliver. Dominican Government desires to address the President directly. To strengthen the situation, more vessels should be sent. 371
Mr. Adee to Mr. Russell (telegram). Oct. 17 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Russell’s Oct. 14. The President prefers communications to be sent through usual channels. 371
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 20 Same subject. Dominican Government has accepted in full the suggestions of the Commissioners and now desires arrangement to be made by Department for sale of $1,000,000 bonds. Instructions asked. 372
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 21 Same subject, The Dominican President announces his retirement from office July 1, 1914; other concessions made and guaranties given. 373
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Russell (telegram). Oct. 23 Same subject. Naval Auxiliary Caesar will arrive about the 24th. 373
[Page LIV] Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 25 Same subject. Commissioners request two more gunboats. 373
Mr. Russell, Gen. McIntyre, and Mr. Doyle to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 13 Same subject. Transmits detailed report and recommendations of the Commissioners. 370
Mr. Peynado to Mr. Knox Nov. 22. Arbitration. Submits the minutes of the six conferences of the plenipotentiaries. There has been no exchange of views since Aug. 8. 386
Mr. Knox to Mr. Russell (telegram). Nov. 25 Political affairs. The Department approves the program given in the telegram of Nov. 13 and authorizes the steps necessary to carry it out. 376
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 26 Same subject. Resignation of President Victoria accented. All political prisoners released. 376
Mr. Knox to Mr. Russell (telegram). Nov. 29 Same subject. Petrel will arrive about Dec. 12. 376
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox. (telegram). Dec. 2 Same subject. Archbishop Nouel elected Provisional President. 377
1165 Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox Dec. 3 Same subject. Report that Dominican revolutionists have formed a provisional government at Monte Cristi with Vásquez as President Arias, Vice President. 377
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 4 Same subject. Congress will authorize $300,000 local loan and sale of bonds now on deposit, replacing these with customs receipts, $30,000 monthly. Urges announcement of nonrecognition of any government resulting from revolution. 377
Mr. Knox to Mr. Russell (telegram). Dec. 11 Same subject. Instructs to say to the Provisional President that this Government will support him and the President hopes he will not resign without ample notice. 378
Mr. Knox to Mr. Cernuda Dec. 13 Arbitration of boundary dispute. Acknowledges the Minister’s note of Nov. 22. 387
Mr. Russell to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political Affairs. Instruction of Dec. 11 complied with; transmits thanks of the Provisional President. Congress authorizes loan of $1,500,000; suggestions as to security. 378
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 19 Same subject. Vásquez announces his retirement from politics. 379
238 Same to same Dec. 28 Same subject. Reviews conditions; they are not encouraging. 379

ECUADOR.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Chávez Franco to Mr. Knox (telegram). 1912. Jan. 2 Insurrection. Personnel of revolutionary Cabinet. First act of new Montero Government, payment of railroad coupons. 392
Mr. Young to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Ecuador requests prevention of departure of Eloy Alfaro from Panama. Disposition of forces. Telegraphic communication cut off. Ports closed to commerce. 392
Mr. Knox to Mr. Dietrich (telegram). Jan. 6 Same subject. Instructs to notify authorities at Guayaquil that American lives and property must be fully protected. 393
Mr. Young to Mr. Knox Jan. 12 Same subject. Jan. 6 instructions complied with 393
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 13 Same subject. Has advised Consul General and Yorktown not to receive political refugees. 393
Mr. Knox to Mr. Young (telegram). Jan. 17 Same subject. Referring to Mr. Young’s Jan. 2, instructs to notify Ecuador that this Government must protest against closure of ports unless effective blockade can be maintained, and reserves rights of American citizens, their vessels, and property, according to international law. 394
Gen. Montero to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. His Government will fully respect all foreign interests. 394
Mr. Wither to Mr. Knox Jon. 18 Same subject. Reviews the causes of the insurrection; declares the American railway property safe or assured of compensation for damages; requests that no drastic action be taken. 394
Mr. Young to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 20 Same subject. Capt. Cordier sent to Guayaquil to handle the situation. 397
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 23 Same subject. Government troops occupy Guayaquil. Our Consul General instructed not to take part in diplomatic representations relating to disposition of arrested leaders. 397
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 26 Same subject. Capt. Cordier reports yellow fever on Yorktown and recommends withdrawal of the vessel. 398
Mr. Dietrich to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Gen. Montero lynched; other prisoners sent to Quito. 398
[Page LV] Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Jan. 26 Same subject. Instruction to express informally the fear of this Government that further lynchings will be unfortunate for Ecuador. 398
38 Mr. Knox to Mr. Young Jan. 30 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Young’s telegram of Jan. 13. Refers to instructions as to asylum and refuge given to the Consul General, April 5, 1910, as applying to the present case. 399
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wither Jan. 30 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Wither’s Jan. 18; this Government was obliged to take precautions in view of the turbulent conditions. 400
Mr, Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject, Reports lynching of the three Alfaros and Páez. 401
53 Same to same Feb. 2 Same subject. Reports on the recent armed uprising, the death of President Estrada, the political situation. 401
56 Same to same Feb. 6 Sanitation of Guayaquil. Incloses note from the Foreign Office suggesting a convention between the two Governments to assure the sanitation of Guavaauil. 422
57 Same to same Feb. 10 Same subject. Incloses a note from the Foreign Office, containing the basis proposed for a convention or protocol. 423
Mr. Young to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 13 Insurrection. Requests Yorktown remain in absence of Maryland, and that Capt. Cordier remain with Yorktown. 403
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Feb. 19 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Inquires what steps the Government has taken to fulfill its obligations to the railway company. 412
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 21 Same subject. The Government has made no effort since the revolution to fulfill its obligations to the railway company. 412
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 28 Insurrection. Capt. Cordier reports all quiet on the coast. Yorktown may safely be withdrawn. 403
64 Same to same do Same subject. Reports on political situation. 403
66 Same to same Mar. 2 Attacks on Chinese. Incloses letter from Chinese Colony of Guayaquil and relates conversation with the Minister for Foreign Affairs regarding its charges of damage done to Chinese during the revolution. 434
69 Same to same Mar. 8 Insurrection. Gen. Andrade killed. Plaza dictator. 404
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Mar. 13 Sanitation of Guayaquil. Instructs to supply Dr. Parker with a copy of the draft convention he will report to Surgeon General Blue his opinion of necessary provisions. 425
73 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox Mar. 15 Insurrection. Dr. Andrade Marin in charge of Executive Power, personnel of cabinet. 405
Mr. Wither to Mr. Wilson. do Same subject. Dr. Arcos appointed Minister for Foreign Affairs, to succeed Dr. Tobar. 405
74 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox Mar. 16 Attacks on Chinese. Refers to his No. 66 and incloses letter from Chinese Colony on impracticability of appealing to the courts and requesting the good offices of the United States. 435
75 Same to same Mar. 18 Insurrection. Observations concerning requests for asylum and action relating thereto. 405
Mr. Young to Mr. Knox Mar. 22 Same subject. Incloses report of Capt. Coruier on recent uprising. 406
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 23 Sanitation of Guayaquil. Transmits Dr. Parker’s report as to essential measures to be included in convention. 425
77 Same to same do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Mar. 13 and incloses a memorandum prepared in collaboration with Dr. Parker regarding desirable features of the proposed convention. 425
40 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham. Mar. 30 Attacks on Chinese. Refers to Mr. Bingham’s No. 66) approves his action, and instructs to submit informal representations to the Government of Ecuador. 436
80 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox. Apr. 8 Insurrection. General Plaza elected President. 409
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Apr. 17 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Railway company needs immediately 100,000 sucres for coal. Instruction to request what action Ecuador will take. 412
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 21 Same subject. General Plaza says he will try to procure. 100,000 sucres under certain conditions, and more later. 413
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Apr. 23 Same subject, Railway statement snows 375,000 sucres due, exclusive of services and damages during revolution. Instructs to propose to Ecuador certain bases for payment and to press for immediate payment of the 100,000 sucres. 413
[Page LVI] Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 25 Same subject. Ecuador offers 50,000 sucres cash 50,000 draft at 90 days; 50,000 more in May is impossible; demands arbitration of all bills prior to revolution. Other details. 414
43 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham Apr. 29 Attacks on Chinese. Refers to Mr. Bingham’s No 74 and Department’s No. 40. 436
Same to same (telegram) (telegram). May 3 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Railway company cannot accept Ecuador’s proposal given in Mr. Bingham’s Apr. 25; it is not in keeping with statement in his Apr. 21. Instructs to say that this Government can not permit destruction of so important an American enterprise. 414
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 4 Same subject. Ecuador now has 86,000 sucres ready and will have 14,000 more in one month; desires investigation of the claims and is ready to arbitrate. 415
Same to same (telegram) May 5 Same subject. Ecuador says mortgages will not be paid unless railway compromises revolution bills interest questions and approved bills to be submitted to arbitration. 415
44 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham May 6 Insurrection. His action as to requests for asylum approved as reported in his No. 75 of Mar. 18. Refer to Department’s No. 38 of Jan. 30. 410
94 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox. May 7 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Instruction of Apr. 23 delivered Apr.25 inches copy. 415
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). May 11 Same subject. Ecuadorian Minister says his Government will pay 100,000 sucres if a legal representative of the company previously fixes the amount of the claim. Reference to instruction of May 3, and instructs to say that Ecuador’s counterclaims can be considered only after payment of the 100,000, which is indisputably owing. 416
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 14 Same subject. A note from Government of Ecuador offers 280,000 sucres to cancel revolution bill; 86,000 cash, 14,000 at 90 days, 50,000 monthly. If railway refuses. Ecuador reserves right to arbitrate and insists on review of prerevolution bills. Alternative offer: To pay 100,000 sucres now and refer all other points to arbitration. 417
97 Same to same do Sanitation of Guayaquil. Refers to his No. 77 of Mar 93 and incloses memorandum dated May 6 from the Foreign Office suggesting a preliminary investigation by the Panama Canal Commission. If the Coignet contract expire, the funds set apart in conformity with that contract would be available, or other funds could be raised by bond issue; other suggestions; an early visit by a board of American engineers urged. 427
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). May 15 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. A note has been sent to Legation of Ecuador suggesting sending immediately to the Government of Ecuador statement of the amounts due from the company to Ecuador, in order to hasten settlement. 417
Same to same (telegram) May 16 Same subject. Send essential text of note referred to in your May 14. 418
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 18 Same subject. Quotes note requested in Mr. Wilson’s May 16. 418
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). May 22 Same subject. Instructs to say that offer in note quoted in Mr. Bingham’s May 14 and May 18 is entirely unacceptable. The alternative proposal, however, is accepted. The railway company wishes the immediate organization of the arbitral tribunal. 419
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 24 Same subject. The Government of Ecuador formally requests appointment by the United States of an arbitrator. 419
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). May 27 Same subject. Has payment of the 100,000 sucres been made? 420
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 29 Same subject. 57,230 sucres paid; New York drafts 28,770 and 14,000 sucres. 420
Same to same (telegram) June 29 Sanitation of Guayaquil. The Coignet contract expires June 30, and Ecuador desires to begin negotiations with the United states. 429
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). July 5 Same subject. This Department is awaiting the reply of the War Department. 429
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). July 17 Attacks on Chinese. Quotes telegram from Peking requesting Legation’s good offices; refers to Department’s No. 61 of Aug. 22, 1908, for Legation’s guidance. 436
[Page LVII]119 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox July 18 Same subject. Refers to Department’s July 17, reports renewal of attacks on Chinese, and representations by the Legation to the Foreign Office, which is awaiting receipt of documentary evidence on which to base action. 436
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). July 25 Sanitation of Guayaquil. Refers to Mr. Bingham’s No. 97 of May 14, and instructs him to inform Ecuador that the War Department will appoint a board of Engineers, headed by Col. Gorgas, to be paid by Ecuador. 429
125 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox July 27 Same subject; Refers to Department’s July 25 and incloses note to Foreign Office embodying the instructions sent. 430
Same to same (telegram) July 28 Same subject. Refers to Department’s July 25, and transmits note No. 357 from the Foreign Office referring to its note of May 6 and urging the conclusion of the convention therein discussed. Mr. Bingham adds that $8,100 will be immediately available. 431
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). July 30 Same subject. Instruction to say that there are objections to the terms of the proposed convention and that a preliminary investigation is desirable to the formulation thereof. 431
128 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox Aug. 6 Same subject. Refers to Department’s July 30 and incloses note to Foreign Office embodying its instruction. 431
Mr. Knox to Chinese Legation. Aug. 7 Attacks on Chinese, transmits purport of Mr. Bingham’s July 18. 437
130 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox Aug. 12 Insurrection. Dr. Moreno elected Acting President until inauguration of Gen. Plaza. 410
620 Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Aug. 23 Attacks on Chinese. Incloses memorandum of Chinese Foreign Office, thanking this Government for its good offices. 438
136 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox. Sept. 4 Insurrection. Gen. Plaza inaugurated Aug. 31 410
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 5 Sanitation of Guayaquil. The Government of Ecuador has placed $8,100 gold to the credit of the Legation. Urgent that Col. Gorgas come soon. 432
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Oct. 5 Same subject. Congressional authorization necessary to permit our officials to go to Ecuador, but Congress has adjourned. The Department will avoid delay as far as possible. 432
Same to same (telegram) Oct. 23 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. Instructs to inform Ecuador that the President is ready to appoint arbitrator; and to report what action has been taken by Ecuador as to the protocol submitted by the railroad relative to the jurisdiction of the tribunal, and other pertinent matters. 420
Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 28 Same subject. Ecuador states that arbitrator will be appointed when the name of the American arbitrator is known. The railway protocol will be submitted to the tribunal. 420
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Nov. 9 Same subject. Ecuador apparently intends to provoke reconsideration of matters already adjudicated. Instructs to say that the present dispute involves only transactions subsequent to Sept. 30, 1908. 421
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Nov. 14 Same subject. Instructs to say that the President has appointed Henry L. Janes to be arbitrator. 421
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 2 Sanitation of Guayaquil, col. Gorgas and party will leave Dec. 4 for Guayaquil. 433
197 Mr. Wither to Mr. Knox Dec. 4 Insurrection. Incloses President Plaza’s letter to the President informing him of the inauguration. 411
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bingham (telegram). Dec. 5 Sanitation of Guayaquil. Instruction to cooperate with Col. Gorgas. The Government of Ecuador has expressed a desire for bids from American firms upon the bases to be reported by Col. Gorgas. 433
11 Mr. Knox to Mr. Wither Dec. 12 Insurrection. Acknowledges receipt of his Dec. 4 411
169 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Knox Dec. 13 Sanitation of Guayaquil. Reports that Col. Gorgas and party paid an official visit to the Governor of Guayaquil; the $8,100 were placed to the order of Col. Gorgas. 433
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 18 Guayaquil & Quito Ry. The Government of Ecuador has appointed Dr. Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno to represent Ecuador on the arbitral tribunal. 422
172 Same to same Dec. 20 Sanitation of Guayaquil. Describes the official visit of Col. Gorgas and party to President Plaza. The party will leave for Panama Dec. 21. 434
[Page LVIII]

FRANCE.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Knox 1912. Apr. 6 Champlain celebration. Notification that a distinguished delegation of his countrymen will arrive Apr. 26 to present to the Champlain Committee a bust representing “La France” to be placed on the monument commemorating the discovery by Samuel Champlain of the lake bearing his name. 440
Mr. Bacon to Mr. Knox Apr. 10 Same subject. Gives the names of the France-Amérique delegation referred to in Mr. Jusserand’s Apr. 6. 441
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Jusserand. Apr. 17 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Jusserand’s note of Apr. 6 and says that the usual courtesies will be observed as to baggage. 442
The French Delegation to President Taft (telegram). May 1 Same subject. Express their appreciation of Mr. Taft’s attentions. 442
Mr. Hanotaux to President Taft. May 3 Same subject. Renews in behalf of the Delegation their thanks for his courtesies. 443
43 Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox June 20. Same subject. Describes the annual banquet, of the Comite France-Amérique, devoted to the Champlain Delegation. 443

GERMANY.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1912. May 25 Wireless telegraph convention between the United States and other powers. Text. 444

GREAT BRITAIN.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1911. Dec. 21 Panama Canal tolls. Extract from the message of the President, of Dec. 21, 1911. 467
Mr. Ragsdale to Mr. Knox (telegram). 1912. Apr. 23 The Titanic. The bodies recovered from the wreck will soon arrive at Halifax. Asks about border regulations. 494
Mr. Knox to Mr. Ragsdale. (telegram). Apr. 24 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Ragsdale’s Apr. 23. There are no quarantine regulations if the bodies are embalmed. 495
Mr. Ragsade to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 29 Same subject. Inquires about disposition of effects found on bodies. 495
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Ragsdale (telegram). do Same subject. No American consular jurisdiction in the absence of a treaty with Great Britain. 495
139 Mr. Ragsdale to Mr. Knox Apr. 30 Same subject. After consulting the Provincial authorities and receipt of Department’s Apr. 29, Mr. Ragsdale has taken no further steps in the matter. 495
Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox July 8 Panama Canal tolls. Certain features of the proposed Panama Canal bill would involve an infraction Hay-Pauncefote treaty. 469
1032 Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 15 Same subject. Relates a conversation with Sir Edward Grey con corning certain proposed features of the Panama Canal bill. 470
Aug. 24 Same subject. Panama Canal act (H. R. 21969). Section 5 and 11 of the act. 471
The President to Congress do Same subject. Memorandum accompanying the Panama Canal act; gives and answers arguments of British Government against the act. 475
Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox Aug. 27 Same subject. The British Government adheres to the views expressed in Mr. Innes’s note of July 8, 1912, and will communicate further after studying the President’s memorandum. Asks for consent to arbitration of conflicting interpretations of the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty. 480
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Innes Aug. 30 Same subject. Acknowledgment of receipt of Mr. Innes’s note of Aug. 27, 1912. 480
Nov. 13 Same subject. Proclamation by the President. Establishes Canal tolls. 481
Sir Edward Grey to Mr. Bryce. Nov. 14 Same subject. Objections of the British Government to exemption from payment of canal tolls of vessels in the coastwise trade of the United States, and to other features of the Panama Canal Act; interpretation of the Hay-Pauneefote Treaty in relation thereto; arguments against the position of the President in his memorandum of Aug. 24, 1912. 481
Nov. 16 North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration. Agreement between the United States and Great Britain. Text. 489
[Page LIX] Mr. Knox to Mr. Bryce Dec. 12 The Titanic. The President will present the Congressional medal to Caot Rostron, Mar. 1, 1913. 496
King George V to President Taft (telegram). Dec. 15 Death of Ambassador Reid. Expression of condolence. 497
President Taft to King George V (telegram). do Same subject. Expression of gratitude for the message of condolence. 497
1121 Mr. Laughlin to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Announces the death of the Ambassador and Mr. Laughlin’s control of the Embassy as Charge d’ Affaires. 498
1122 Same to same (telegram) Dec. 16 Same subject. The British Government offers a warship to convey the body of the Ambassador. 498
Mr. Knox to Mr. Laughlin (telegram). Dec. 17 Same subject. Mrs. Reid’s preferences as to acceptance of the British Government’s offer will decide. When ascertained convey them to Sir Edward Grey, with, this Government’s high appreciation of the courtesy. 498
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Express the thanks of this Government for Mr. Bryce’s expression of his Government’s condolence. 498
1123 Mr. Laughlin to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 18 Same subject. Mrs Reids the decision regarding the offer of the British Government. 499
Mr. Knox to Mr. Laughlin (telegram). do Same subject. Mrs. Reid’s decision is gratifying to the Department. 499
Mr. Laughlin to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Dean of Westminster offers the Abbey for a memorial service. Mrs. Reid has accepted. 499
1126 Same to same (telegram) Dee. 19 Same subject. The British Cruiser Natal will bear the body of the Ambassador from Portsmouth. Dec. 21, to arrive in New York Jan. 3. 499
Mr. Brice to Mr. Knox Dec. 24 The Titanic. Arrangements have been made for Capt. Rostron’s presence in Washington Mar. 1, 1913. 497

GUATEMALA.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Méndez to Mr. Wilson 1912. Feb. 12 Visit of Secretary Knox. Expresses the pleasure of Guatemala upon learning of Mr. Knox’s projected visit. 511
Same to same Feb. 19 Same subject. Refers to the Department’s letter of Feb. 13, relating to Mr. Knox’s visit to Guatemala and to Mr. Mendez’s note Feb. 12; adds further expression of Guatemala’s pleasant anticipation of the visit. 512
231 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Knox Apr. 8 Same subject. Relates the events of the visit and incloses speeches delivered at the various formal functions. 512
9 Mr. Knox to Mr. Mendez May 23 Financial affairs. This Government informs Guatemala of the firm attitude assumed by the British Government in regard to the claims of British holders of Guatemalan bonds; this Government may be unable further to delay British enforcement of those claims unless steps are taken to settle them before the adjournment of the Guatemalan Assembly. 500
Mr. Méndez to Mr. Knox May 31 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Knox’s note of May 23. The most acceptable loan proposal of the bankers will require 60 days to perfect its terms. 500
Mr. Knox to Mr. Méndez June 12 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Mendez’s May 31. 591
Mr. Innes to Mr. Knox Aug. 28 Same subject. The British Government had demanded of Guatemala the submission of the British claims to arbitration and requests the good offices of the United States in securing Guatemala’s assent thereto. 501
Mr. Adee to Mr. Hitt (telegram). Sept. 14 Same subject. Notifies the American Charge d’Affaires at Guatemala that the Minister of Guatemala insists on the exercise by this Government of its friendly good offices with the British Government for the latter’s delay of its demand for settlement; that the Department accordingly in an aide-mémoire of Sept. 13 stated to the Guatemalan Government that it would urge upon the British Government a delay of 20 days, expiring Sept. 16, of its demand for arbitration; but that if Guatemala should not act within that time, this Government could not further intervene. 502
[Page LX] Mr. Méndez to Mr. Knox. Sept. 18 Same subject. Refers to the Department’s aide memoire of Sept. 13 and delivers the reply of Guatemala dated Sept. 17, which states that circum stances over which it has no control prevent a settlement within the stipulated time. Mr. Mende adds that the British Government has been re quested to specify the basis upon which it desire arbitration. 503
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Innes Sept. 21 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Innes’s Aug. 28 to the Department’s aide-memoire to Guatemala date Sept. 13 and Mr. Méndez’s reply of Sept. 18; re quests Mr. Innes to ascertain whether his Government will consent to a delay of 20 days, beginning Sent. 17. 503
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Wilson Sept. 29 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Wilson’s letter of Sept. 21 to Mr. Innes, and says the British Government while not objecting to a delay of 20 days, do not de sire a settlement of any kind, but a restitution of the revenue through which they are entitled to recover. 504
Same to same Sept. 30 Same subject. Refers to his Sept. 29 and thanks Mr. Knox for the action taken as communicated to Mr. Innes in Mr. Wilson’s note of Sept. 21. 505
Samo to same Oct. 19 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Wilson’s Sept. 21 and to the expiration of the stipulated 20 days. 505
Mr. Méndez to Mr. Knox Oct. 25 Same subject. Urges this Government to procure from the British Government a few days further delay. 506
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce Oct. 29 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Bryee’s Oct. 19. The bankers are conferring with Guatemala, and the Government would be interested to know the British opinion regarding that negotiation. 506
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Nov. 13 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Wilson’s Sept. 25 [21] to Mr. Innes, and to a recent interview at the Department regarding a proposed further delay which it is hoped this Government will reconsider. 507
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid Dec. 6 Same subject. Incloses a copy of a signed memorandum dated Dec. 3, which was delivered Dec. 3 to the British Ambassador. Instructs Mr. Reid to explain the general policy of this Government toward Central America, and to say: Thai the security offered by the new Guatemalan bonds is better than the coffee revenues, with the reasons therefor; that the American plan set forth in the memorandum will insure the future interest; that cooperation between the United States and Great Britain should be emphasized. The incloses memorandum urges the British Government to await the completion of negotiations between Guatemala and the bankers for a loan secured on the customs revenues involving a comprehensive bond issue refunding the whole debt of Guatemala. If this plan is not perfected within a reasonable time this Government will at once support Great Britain in demanding restitution of the coffee revenues. 508
193 Mr. Knox to Mr. Hitt Dec. 11 Same subject. Incloses copy of the signed memorandum delivered to Mr. Bryce on Dec. 3 and a copy of the British note of Nov. 13, on which it was based; instructs Mr. Hitt to hold them for such use as may later be indicated. 510
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Dec. 30 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Knox’s Dec. 2[3], and replies that the question of the bond conversion therein discussed is entirely apart from the restitution of the bondholder’s rights to the coffee revenues, the point upon which the British Government must continue to insist; and it is hoped that the good offices of the United States will make other measures needless. 510

HAITI.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
977 Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox 1911. Nov. 25 Syrians in Haiti. The Haitian Government has renewed its attacks on foreign retail merchants. American citizens of Syrian birth have been molested, and the Minister has protested. 523
[Page LXI]989 Same to same Dec. 19 Same subject. The prompt attention of this Government is required to protect American citizens of Syrian origin. Incloses an identic note, dated Dec. 18, addressed to the Foreign Office by the members of the diplomatic corps. 524
1012 Same to same 1912 Jan. 16 Same subject. Incloses note, dated Dec. 26, from the Foreign Office, replying to the identic note of Dec. 18; also incloses an identic note of the members of the diplomatic corps, dated Jan. 3, replying to the foregoing. 527
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Furniss Jan. 20 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Furniss’s 977 and 989. Instructions to require adequate time for merchants to close out their stocks; to object to discrimination between Syrians of different nationalities. 529
42 Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Feb. 8 Same subject. Requests the cooperation of this Government to induce Haiti to abandon its policy as to Syrian merchants. If refused, steps will be taken to secure just treatment from Haiti 531
1026 Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox Feb. 12 Same subject. Refers to Department’s instructions of Jan. 20; relates the substance of interview with Secretary Leger and the President, who promised extension of time, where needful, to Americans of Syrian birth. 532
Mr. Ménos to Mr. Wilson Feb. 15 Visit of Secretary Knox. Expresses the pleasure of Haiti at the announcement of the Secretary’s visit, contained in the Department’s letter of Feb. 13. 541
1418 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce Feb. 16 Syrians in Haiti. Refers to Mr. Bryee’s Feb. 8, and regrets that this Government can not take the action desired. There is no treaty between the United States and Haiti nor anything in our law and practice in regard to exclusion of Orientals that would warrant it. 535
138 Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Transmits copy of a note verbale from the Sublime Porte, requesting the aid of this Government in behalf of Syrians in Haiti 535
7 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Ménos Mar. 5 Same subject. Refers to their conversation regarding the Syrians; adds that this Government does not question Haiti’s general right to exclude foreigners, but such exclusions must conform to international law and the laws of Haiti; protests against the discrimination practiced. 536
122 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Rockhill Mar. 22 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Rockhill’s 138, and suggests informing the Turkish Foreign Office that it is not practicable to take the action requested. 537
Haitian officials to Mr. Knox Apr. 3–4 Visit of Secretary Knox. Speeches, with replies of Mr. Knox, at various functions in his honor. 542
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 21 Syrians in Haiti. The French war vessel Descartes has arrived, to remain pending settlement of Syrian question, in behalf of Turkish interests. 538
Same to same (telegram) May 29 Same subject. The Haitian Government refuses to extend the time for closing out stocks of Syrian merchants. 538
The Department to the French Embassy. do Same subject. In response to the verbal request of the French Ambassador for this Government’s cooperation in regard to the Syrians, the Ambassador is informed that the United States must act independently on the point involved. 538
Syrian American Club to the Department (telegram). do Same subject. Requests this Government’s protection of Syrians in Haiti. 538
Mr. Knox to Mr. Furniss (telegram). May 30 Same subject. Refers to Syrian Club’s telegram, and instructs to insist, if necessary, on proper treatment of Syrians and their property, on adequate time for selling out their stocks, and on equal treatment for Syrians of all nationalities. 539
Mr. Knox to Syrian Club (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to their telegram and outlines instructions to Mr. Furniss. 539
Mr. Furniss to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 1 Same subject. Haitian Government promises not to close stores of American citizens of Syrian origin. 539
1086 Same to same June 19 Same subject. Incloses note from Foreign Office dated Jan. 29,1912, referring to Mr. Furniss’s note (inclosed with his dispatch 1012 of Jan. 16), and denies that Haiti is acting in the Syrian matter contrary to international or Haitien law 540
1094 Same to same July 5 Same subject. Haitian Government has permitted Ottoman subjects of Syrian origin an extension of time to Sept. 30 for closing out their stocks, in pursuance of the good offices of the French Legation. Very few Syrians remain in Haiti. 541
[Page LXII]1093 Same to same July 5 Message of the President and Report of the Minister for Foreign Affairs. Incloses copies of the foregoing. 521
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 8 Death of President Leconte. Announces the accidental killing of the President by an explosion in the palace. 547
Same to same (telegram) do Recognition of President Auguste. The oath of office was administered to President Tancrède Auguste Aug. 8. 547
Mr. Mènos to Mr. Knox Oct. 3 Same subject. Transmits President Auguste’s letter announcing to President Taft his election to exercise the executive power. 547
Mr. Knox to Mr. Furniss Oct. 28 Same subject. Incloses copy of a letter from President Taft to President Auguste, referring to the latter’s letter announcing his election, and expressing President Taft’s best wishes. 548

HONDURAS.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page
1909. Sept. — Financial affairs. Memorandum prepared by the Department of State concerning the proposed adjustment of the debt of Honduras by the United States. 549
Mr. Knox to Mr. McCreery (telegram). 1911. Jan. 11 Same subject. The loan convention between the United States and Honduras was signed Jan. 10 by the plenipotentiaries at Washington. 554
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bryce do Same subject. The loan convention was signed Jan. 10. 554
Mr. Knox to Mr. McCreery (telegram). Jan. 16 Same subject. The text of the loan convention sent the Minister Jan. 3 is accurate, save the date paragraph. 555
Jan. 26 Same subject. Text of the loan convention submitted to Congress, together with a message from the President urging its approval. 555
Mr. McCreery to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 31 Same subject. The Honduran Congress rejected the loan convention Jan. 31. 562
Mr. Conant to Mr. Knox Feb. 6 Same subject. Submits his expert opinion, as requested by the Department, on the financial aspects of the proposed loan by American bankers. 562
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Lazo Feb. 8 Same subject. The Department has concluded its preliminary examination of the loan contract. 566
Mr. Conant to Mr. Knox Feb. 11 Same subject. The changes made in the loan contract since his letter of Feb. 6 do not modify his views then expressed. 567
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Lazo do Same subject. The loan contracts are satisfactory to the bankers, who are ready to execute them when the Minister is prepared to do so. 567
Mr. Knox to Mr. Cullom Feb. 13 Same subject. Submits a detailed account of the negotiation of the loan convention, and incloses a copy of the loan contract. 568
Mr. Wilson to Mr. McCreery (telegram). Feb. 16 Same subject. The loan contracts were executed in English on Feb. 15. 572
Mr. Lazo to Mr. Knox Feb. 20 Same subject. The Minister has executed the loan contracts. 573
Mr. McCreery to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 21 Same subject. The Honduran Assembly on Feb. 20 prohibited the conclusion of any loan contract pending a report by a special commission. 573
Mr. Knox to Mr. Cullom Feb. 27 Same subject, Incloses copies, for the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, of the remarks by the bankers’ attorney, Mr. Jennings, before that committee. 573
23 Mr. Knox to Mr. Lazo Mar. 4 Same subject. The loan contract has been filed in the Department of State. 576
161 Mr. McCreery to Mr. Knox Mar. 25 Same subject. Incloses copy of a manifesto of the Honduran Congress explaining its rejection of the loan convention. 577
Mr. Knox to various Senators May 3 Same subject. Informs the members of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations of the reasons for attitude of the Department in favor of the loan convention. 581
176 Mr. McCreery to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Incloses an article from El Nuevo Tiempo in support of the loan convention. 581
Mr. Knox to Mr. Cullom May 18 Same subject. Accepts invitation to be present at a meeting May 24 of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. 583
Mr. Knox to the Senate Committee. May 24 Same subject. Statement in favor of the loan convention. 582
232 Mr. Wright to Mr. Knox Aug. 30 Same subject. Mr. Zemurray was empowered on Aug. 29 by the President of Honduras to negotiate in the United States a loan of $500,000. 607
[Page LXIII]85 Mr. White to Mr. Knox Feb. 4 Same subject. Incloses the terms of the loan contract, negotiated by Mr. Zemurray, between Honduras and the Whitney Central National Bank of New Orleans for $500,000. 607
Mr. Knox to Mr. Cullom Feb 6 Same subject. Refers to his Feb. 13, 1911, and states that the loan contract therein mentioned has lapsed by limitation of time. 608
Mr. Dávila to Mr. Wilson Feb. 15 Visit of the Secretary of State to Honduras. Expresses the pleasure it will give Honduras to receive Mr. Knox. 624
Mr. Wilson to Mr. White (telegram). do Same subject. Asks how long it will take to make the round trip, Tegucigalpa to Amapala. 625
Mr. White to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 16 Same subject. The round trip will require six days. 626
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 27 Same subject. Inquires for date of visit 626
105 Mr. White to Mr. Knox do Financial affairs. The loan negotiated by Mr. Zemurray was approved Feb. 26 by the Honduran Congress, with certain significant alterations. 609
Mr. Wilson to Mr. White (telegram). Feb. 29 Visit of the Secretary of State to Honduras. It will be impossible for the Secretary to give the time necessary to go to Tegucigalpa. 626
55 Mr. Wilson to Mr. White Mar. 6 Financial affairs. Acknowledges his No. Instructs him to do all he can to obtain ratification of the loan convention 609
Honduran officials to Mr. Knox. Mar. 8–9 Visit of the Secretary of State to Honduras. Speeches of welcome, and replies of Mr. Knox. 626
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Cullom Mar. 18 Financial affairs. Refers to the Department’s Feb. 6 and informs him of the loan negotiations of Honduras with the Whitney Bank, and the terms. 610
Mr. White to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 13 Same subject. The President of Honduras will not again submit the present loan convention to the Assembly, but is disposed to favor some new convention. 611
Apr. 16 Same subject. Memorandum of the Department on the status of the loan negotiations. 611
Mr. Dávila to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Informs him that the Honduran Congress disapproved the loan convention Jan. 31. 613
118 Mr. White to Mr. Knox Apr. 18 Same subject. Reports more fully the substance of his telegram of Apr. 13. 614
Mr. Sheldon to Mr. Knox May 15 Same subject. Introduces Mr. Sol Wexler, of the Whitney Bank. 615
President Bonilla to President Taft. June 5 Visit of the Secretary of State to Honduras. Honduras is cordially appreciative of the visit of Secretary Knox, as Doctor Membreño, on special mission, will state in person. 630
Mr. Wexler to Mr. Clark (telegram). June 8 Financial affairs. The President of Honduras cables that in case of differences between Honduras and the bankers, Honduras would accept as arbitrator the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Mr. Wexler desires to know whether or not this would be as suitable for the bankers as if the arbitrator were the Secretary of State. 615
June 11 Same subject. Memorandum of the Department of a conversation with Mr. Zemurray, who was informed unofficially what the best plan for arbitration would be, in the informal and unofficial opinion of the Department. 616
Mr. Wexler to Mr. Clark do Same subject. Refers to: his telegram of June 8 and makes further inquiries on the subject of arbitration. 617
Mr. Belden to Mr. Knox June 13 Same subject. Incloses notes that passed between the Governments of Honduras and Salvador relating to the latter’s offer of its good offices in the financial affairs of Honduras. 617
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wexler June 18 Same subject. Acknowledges his telegram of June 8 and his letter of June 11; the matter referred to has been taken up with Mr. Zemurray. 618
President Taft to President Bonilla. July 5 Visit of the Secretary of State to Honduras. Doctor Membreño has presented His Excellency’s letter of June 5, the sentiments of which are cordially reciprocated. 631
July 10 Extradition convention between the United States and Honduras; text. 619
[Page LXIV]

ITALY.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1635 Signor Catalani to Mr. Knox. 1912. Oct. 18 War with Turkey. Announces conclusion of a treaty of peace, at Lausanne, Oct. 18. Requests recognition of Italian sovereignty over Tripoli and Cyrenaica. 632
Mr. Adee to Signor Cataiani. Oct. 21 Same subject. Refers to his note of Oct. 18, with which this Government is much gratified. 632
111 Mr. Knox to Mr. O’Brien Dec. 5 Same subject. Refers to the Ambassador’s Oct. 30. The Department will instruct him later in regard to the question of its extraterritorial rights in Tripoli and Cyrenaica. 633

JAPAN.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
44 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Knox 1912. Mar. 5 Tokio Exhibition. Transmits notification of abandonment of the project to hold an international exhibition in Tokyo in 1917. 647
Mr Chinda to Mr. Knox Mar. 6 Same subject. Copy of instructions from the Japanese Foreign Office to notify this Government of the abandonment of the projected international exposition at Tokyo. 648
334 Mr. Neville to Mr. Knox Apr. 22 Land laws of Chosen. Transmits ordinances of the Government General of Chosen relating to registration of land titles, effective Apr 1, 1912. 642
86 Mr. Brayan to Mr. Knox June 14 Same subject. Refers to his Feb. 7, 1911, and incloses copy of a dispatch of June 7, 1912, from the Consul General at Seoul, inclosing a circular issued that day notifying foreigners to present evidences of title to their lands. Incloses also his own note dated June 14 on the subject to the Japanese Foreign Office. 643
Mr. Chinda to Mr. Knox July 29 Death of Emperor Mutsuhito Notification of His Majesty's death July 30 (Japanese time). 634
President Taft to the impress Dowager (telegram). do Same subjects Expression of condolence. 634
President Taft to Emperor Yoshihito (telegram). do Same subject. Expression of condolence. 634
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bryan (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to make suitable expression of the sympathy of the President, the Government, and the people of the United States. 635
Mr. Knox to Viscount Uchida (telegram). do Same subject. Expression of sympathy. 635
Mr. Knox to Mr. Chinda July 30 Same subject. Acknowledges Mr. Chinda's July 29, and informs him that he has conveyed the sad news to the President, who has already sent his expressions of condolence. 635
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Knox Aug. 2 Land laws of Chosen. Refers to his June 14 and incloses the answer of the Japanese Foreign Office to his note of June 14. 644
Viscount Uchida to Mr. Chinda. Aug. 12 Death of Emperor Mutsuhito. Copy of an instruction to transmit the gratification of Emperor Yoshihito at the appointment of Mr. Knox as Special Ambassador to assist at the obsequies of His late Majesty. 636
President Taft to Emperor Yoshihito. Aug. 13 Same subject. The Secretary of State, Mr. Knox, will be the President's personal Special Ambassador at the obsequies of the late Emperor, if agreeable to His Majesty; and will be accompanied by General Pershing and Admiral Reynolds. 636
14 Viscount Uchida to Mr. Bryan. Aug. 17 Same subject. Conveys the thanks of His Majesty for the appointment of the Secretary of State to represent this Government at the obsequies of the late Emperor Mutsuhito. 637
367 Mr. Scidmore to Mr. Knox Aug. 23 Land laws of Chosen. Incloses an ordinance and regulations dated Aug. 13 relating to land surveys and titles. 645
43 Mr. Adee to Mr. Bryan Sept. 7 Same subject. Approves the Ambassador's action as reported in his Aug. 2, 1912. Notes with satisfaction that the new land laws of Chosen are not intended to affect in any way the validity of consular registrations. 646
44 Mr. Chinda to Mr. Adee Oct. 11 Accession of Emperor Yoshihito. Transmits the autograph letter of Emperor Yoshihito announcing the death of Emperor Mutsuhito, and his own accession to the throne. 637
Mr. Adee to Mr. Chinda Oct. 16 Same subject. The autograph letter of the Emperor has been laid before the President, whose reply will be delivered by the American Ambassador. 638
382 Mr. Scidmore to Mr. Knox Nov. 2 Land laws of Chosen. Incloses semiofficial publication stating that issue of title deeds will be unnecessary under the new laws. 646
Mr. Knox to President Taft. Nov. 15 Death of the Emperor Mutsuhito. Report of the Special Ambassador of his mission. 638
[Page LXV]

LIBERIA

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
10 Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox 1911. Apr. 17 Reorganization of the Liberian Frontier Force under American officers. Transmits request of the Liberian Government for the nomination of American army officers. 662
10 Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum May 25 Same subject. The matter of appointment of American officers will receive consideration. 663
25 Mr. Crum to Knox Jan. 8 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian Frontier. Reports that an encounter took place in the neutral zone between Liberian and British, troops, four Liberians being killed. 652
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 10 Reorganization of the Liberian Frontier Force under American officers. The President of Liberia requests the designation of American officers. 663
Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum (telegram). do Same subject. Officers are ready to undertake the work, provided commissions are issued and allowances are made. 663
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 11 Financial affairs. Instruction to send to Department full statement of Liberian finances for 1911. 667
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 13 Same subject. Receipts for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1911, $478,000; disbursements $490,000; floating debt $201,000. The General Receiver is anxiously expected. The Government absolutely confident it can meet the requirements for the new loan. 668
Same to same (telegram). do Reorganization of the Liberian Frontier Force under American officers. Liberian Legislature made provision for salary and housing of American officers. 663
Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum (telegram). Jan. 17 Financial affairs. Increase of floating debt of $200,000 shows bad management; and as the Loan Act makes no provision for new debts, this Government may have to withdraw its sanction of the loan agreement. 668;
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 23 Same subject. Explains causes of increase of floating debt, and that the real debt was only $111,000. Retrenchment and reform measures have been introduced 668
Mr. Knox to Mr. Falkner Jan. 26 Same subject. The French Ambassador states that his Government has appointed Mr. Frederic Wolf to he French Receiver of Liberian customs in accordance with the loan agreement. 669
21 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum Feb. 13 Reorganization of the Liberian Frontier Force under American officers. American officers expect to leave shortly for Monrovia to take up this work. 664
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Falkner. Feb. 23 Financial affairs. The Department has informed the Liberian Government of necessary terms of settlement with individual creditors of Liberia prior to negotiation of the new loan. 669
Mr. Wilson to Kuhn, Loeb & Co. Feb. 29 Same subject. The loan agreement as now amended appears satisfactory to the Department. 670
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Skinner (telegram). Mar. 7 Same subject. Informs him that he is appointed Special Representative of Dr. Falkner, Financial Representative of Liberia. 670
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum (telegram). do Reorganization of the Liberian Frontier Force under American officers Instructs for the Liberian Consul-General to sign contracts with American ex-army officers. 664
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits telegram to Consul-General Lyon authorizing him to sign contracts with American officers. 664
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Lyon (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits above telegram. 665
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum (telegram). do Financial affairs. Loan agreements all signed Mar. 7. General Receiver Reed Page Clark will leave for Europe Mar. 14. Special Representative Skinner will meet Mr. Clark in London and begin negotiations with European creditors. 671
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Jusserand. Mar. 13 Same subject. Incloses copy of the loan agreement. [Same to the British and German Ambassadors.] 671
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum (telegram). Mar. 27 Same subject. Dr. Falkner hears that Liberia will probably default on interest of 1871 loan. Bankers want statement of receipts for last six months and other information. 671
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Falkner (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to wait in London for further instructions. 672
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 28 Same subject. Money has been cabled to London to pay interest on 1871 loan. 672
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum (telegram). do Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. The British Government complains of noncompliance by Liberian officials with the Anglo-Liberian frontier agreement. Instructs to bring the matter to the attention of the Liberian Government and to urge that steps be taken to settle the incident. 654
[Page LXVI] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Reid (telegram). Mar. 28 Same subject. Advises him of above telegram and instructs to request the British Government to have patience for a satisfactory solution of the trouble. 656
Mr. Jusserand to Mr. Knox Mar. 30 Financial affairs. Requests rotation of the Receivers at port of Monrovia. 672
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 1 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. Reports steps taken by the Liberian Government to bring the incident to a satisfactory conclusion. 656
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Reid (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits above telegram and expresses hope that the British Government will be patient and show leniency toward the Liberian Government. 657
Mr. Clark to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 5 Financial affairs. He understands that the German Receiver must be stationed permanently at Monrovia. Considers this unfortunate and that Receivers should rotate. 673
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Clark (telegram). Apr. 8 Same subject. Nothing has been agreed on concerning duration of German Receiver’s tenure at Monrovia. French request for rotation seems equitable. 673
Mr. Skinner to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 9 Same subject. Creditors are pressing for prompt settlement. 674
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Skinne (telegram). do Same subject. Liberian Government cabled £1,750 on Mar. 28 to pay interest on 1871 loan. Instructions of Mar. 27 confirmed. 674
1687 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Reid Apr. 11 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. Advises him that American officers are on their way to Liberia to reorganize the Frontier Force and that the Department expects improvement in the conditions on the frontier. 657
Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 12 Same subject. The British Government will exercise all possible forbearance and has suspended action against Liberia. 657
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Reid (telegram). Apr. 15 Same subject. Instructs to express appreciation for action reported in his telegram of the 12th inst. 658
Mr. Bernstorff to Mr. Knox Apr. 22 Financial affairs. The German Government intends to say to the French Government that under the loan agreement the General Receiver is to direct the Receivers and therefore has the right to assign them to the different posts; that the Government of the United States, prior to conclusion of the agreement, promised the Monrovia post to the German Receiver; that this, and the additional right under the agreement to represent the General Receiver in his absence, were essential conditions that Germany can not now give up. Requests opinion of the department on the foregoing. 674
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram) May 2 Reorganization of the Liberian Frontier Force by American officers. Reports arrival of officers. 665
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Skinner (telegram). May 6 Financial affairs. Instructs him to proceed with negotiations. 675
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 9 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. The Liberian Government requests the appointment of Capt. Young, Military Attaché, on the Liberian Boundary Commission. 658
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum (telegram). May 14 Same subject. Capt. Young, Military Attaché, can not accept appointment from Liberian Government. 658
1014 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Jusserand May 15 Financial affairs. Replies to his note of Mar. 30. Considers that to maintain equitable conditions, the German Receiver is entitled to the Monrovia post, other compensating concessions having been heretofore made to Great Britain and France. 675
656 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bernstorff do Same subject. Acknowledges his Apr. 22; by way of reply, incloses copy of the note of May 15 to Mr. Jusserand. 678
27 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum do Same subject. Refers to Mr. Clark’s Apr. 5 and Department’s Apr. 8, and incloses the correspondence relating to the Monrovia post for the German Receiver. 678
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 16 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. Capt. Young has recommended Capt. Ballard for appointment on boundary commission and recommendation has been accepted by Liberian Government. 658
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. British Consul General complains of nonappearance of Cooper and Lomax at Monrovia to answer charges. Whereabouts unknown. 659
Mr. Knox to Mr. Falkner May 18 Financial affairs. Transmits information from Mr. Skinner concerning settlements with creditors, and 60-day delay in concluding these. 679
[Page LXVII] Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum (telegram). May 21 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. The British Government reports further trouble on the frontier. Instructs to urge immediate action to restore order. 659
Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (telegram). do Same subject. Advises mm that the American officers engaged by the Liberian Government to reorganize the Frontier Force have arrived at Monrovia, and it is believed that conditions will soon improve. 659
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 23 Same subject. Liberian Government doing its utmost to have the accused officials, Lomax and Cooper, brought to Monrovia, and begs continued good offices of the United States Government with the Government of Great Britain. 660
Mr. Skinner to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 22 Financial affairs. Loan negotiations have been concluded. 679
Mr. Falkner to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Discusses the problem presented by German creditors concerning debts subsequent to Dec. 31, 1910. 679
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Skinner (telegram). June 25 Same subject. Instruction to tell German creditors that Dr. Falkner will urge desired settlement. 680
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram) do Same subject. General Receiver Clark awaits official notification before assuming control of customs. 680
Same to same (telegram) June 26 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. Cooper and Lomax brought to Monrovia to-day. 660
Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum (telegram). June 29 Same subject. The British Government reports the murder of eight native chiefs and that Lomax and Cooper were present and connived. Instructs to ask for a searching investigation that guilty parties may be brought to justice. 660
Same to same (telegram) do Financial affairs. Recommends that Clark constitute the Receivership in form on July 1 and then await approval by bankers of terms of settlement with creditors. 681
Mr. Knox to Kuhn, Loeb & Co. July 10 Same subject. It appears that the functions of the new receivership are inconsistent with the old agreement (Erlanger). Therefore it will be established in form only for the present. 681
Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum (telegram). July 11 Same subject. Bankers expect to issue bonds as soon as formally authorized by Liberia. 682
Mr. Skinner to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Creditors demand interest at 5 per cent from July 1. 682
Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum (telegram). July 12 Same subject. Liberia must retain sums due Fiscal Agent as of July 1. Instructs him to have Clark enter into the functions of General Receiver necessary to secure such sums. 682
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 16 Same subject. Liberia will place sums due Fiscal Agent to Clark’s credit provided no interest on outstanding loans will be required after June 30. 683
Mr. Adee to Mr. Crum (telegram). July 19 Same subject. Instructs to inform Clark that interest on old loans will run until final adjustment; but if Liberian Government will deposit the sums due under new loan agreement, no other interest payment will be necessary. The reservations made under old loans will revert to Liberia when the loans are canceled. 683
Mr. de la Rocca to Mr. Knox do Same subject. The French Government assents to the assignment of the German Receiver to the Monrovia post; but, as this arrangement disturbs the equipoise between France, Germany, and Great Britain in Liberia, in compensation France desires that the United States admit the propriety of granting her such facilities as may be required for rectifying the Franco-Liberian boundary, and also favor assignment of the French Receiver to the post nearest that boundary. 683
Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 29 Same subject. Mr. Lange has held the posts of Receiver and of Vice Consul together for some time, and will not resign the latter until the full establishment of the receivership. The Liberian Government consequently will intimate to Germany that Lange’s exequatur will be revoked upon complete establishment of Receivership. 684
Same to same (telegram) July 31 Same subject. Replies to Department’s July 19, that Clark urges holding at Monrovia of interest under old loans or offsetting payment thereof against the new loan. Double payment of interest will cripple the Receivership. 684
Mr. Knox to Mr. Crum (telegram). Aug. 14 Same subject. It is impossible to prevent double payment of interest until cancellation of old loans, but the advances will ultimately be returned to Liberia. 685
[Page LXVIII] Mr. Crum to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 19 Same subject. Liberian Government can not understand why, if it is expected to be satisfied with the bankers' assurances concerning repayment of advances, the bankers should not on their part accept Liberia's assurances of payment. Double interest payment is unjust. 685
Mr. Haniel to Mr. Knox Aug. 23 Same subject. Mr. Lange intends to resign the consulship as soon as he becomes Receiver, but Liberia demands his resignation before that event. Germany objects, and sees no harm in Receivers being also Consuls. 686
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Haniel Sept. 11 Same subject. The Department does not agree with the German Government that the double tenure of office would be unobjectionable and regards Liberia's position as reasonable. The difficulty could be easily avoided by the prompt appointment of a new German consul. 686
1059 Mr. Wilson to Mr. de la Rocca. do Same subject. Answers his July 19; does not agree with France that the assignment of the German Receiver to Monrovia upsets the equilibrium between the Governments concerned. Boundary rectification as a proportionate counterpoise the Department can not seriously entertain; this question is in any event inappropriate at the present juncture. 687
54 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Herrick do Same subject. Transmits correspondence with France and Germany in regard to Receivers' posts and Mr. Lange's double tenure, and instructs to express this Government's confidence in France's continued support of the loan. 689
142 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Leishman. do Same subject. Instruction of same tenor as to Mr. Herrick. 689
1764 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Reid do Same subject. Instruction of same tenor as to Mr. Herrick, adding an expression of thanks for Great Britain's hearty cooperation in the loan matter. 690
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum (telegram). Sept. 12 Same subject. Refers to his July 29. Summarizes the correspondence with France and Germany. 691
Mr. Bundy to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 22 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. Reports trial and acquittal, on the charge of murder, of Lomax and Cooper. 661
54 Same to same Oct. 12 Reorganization of the Liberian Frontier Force under American officers. Transmits report of the Military Attaché on the present state of the Frontier Force. 665
2127 Mr. Phillips to Mr. Knox. Oct. 16 Disturbances on the Anglo-Liberian frontier. Incloses a note from the Liberian Minister at London concerning the trial and acquittal of Lomax and Cooper. 661
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crum (telegram). Nov. 23 Financial affairs. As the three Receivers have now been appointed Clark should at once organize the Receivership, remit all sums received for 1912 loan, and make full report. 691
65 Mr. Bundy to Mr. Knox Nov. 29 Same subject. Department's Nov. 23 transmitted to Clark. Incloses documents evidencing that the Receivership came into full operation on Nov. 26. 692
66 Same to same Nov. 30 Same subject. Reviews the steps taken toward organizing the Receivership, and incloses the correspondence in regard to Mr. Lange's double tenure. 694
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 4 Same subject. Clark, General Receiver, will insist on his right to locate Receivers, which they deny. 697
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bundy (telegram). do Same subject. Department approves Clark's course. 697
67 Mr. Bundy to Mr. Knox Dec. 9 Same subject. Incloses correspondence concerning the assignment of Receivers. 698
Same to same Dec. 19 Message of the President of Liberia to the Legislature. Text. 649
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bundy (telegram). Dec. 21 Financial affairs. Directs him to repeat to Clark Department's instructions to assign French and British Receivers to their respective boundary ports. 700

LUXEMBURG.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox (telegram). 1912. Feb. 25 Death of Grand Duke William of Luxemburg. Announces. 702
President Taft to Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Condolence 702
[Page LXIX] Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide to President Taft (telegram). Feb. 28 Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram 702
6 Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Apr. 4 Same subject. Incloses letter from Grand Duchess Marie Anne announcing the death of Grand Duke William and that the regency will be continued until the attainment of majority by Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide. 702
23 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce May 8 Same subject. Incloses a letter from the President acknowledging above letter. 703
June 18 Accession of Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide to the Throne of Luxemburg. Speech from the Throne before the Chamber of Deputies. Text. 703
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox Aug. 7 Same subject. Incloses letter from the Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide announcing. 704
Mr. Adee to Mr. Bailey Sept. 28 Same subject. Incloses letter from the President acknowledging above letter. 705

MEXICO.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
581 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox 1911. May 23 American claims for damages growing out of the revolution. These are being received and filed in the Embassy. 929
634 Same to same June 7 Same subject. The diplomatic corps desire to ac jointly in bringing, foreign claims before the Mexican Government. Incloses a letter to this effect from the Spanish Minister. 929
657 Same to same June 15 Same subject. A court of claims has been established by the Mexican Government to deal with Claims for damages arising from the late revolution. Comment on its personnel. 930
376 Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson June 16 Same subject. Approves his action as described ii his No. 581 relating to riling of claims in the Embassy; instructs him to distribute claims circular to claimants. 931
672 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox June 23 Same subject. Incloses circular instruction he has sent to consuls regarding claims. 931
398 Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson June 27 Same subject. Acknowledges desire details of proposed joint action by diplomatic crops. 932
692 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox June 30 Same subject. Acknowledges Department’s No. 376 and reports compliance therewith. 933
712 Same to same July 6 Same subject. Acknowledges Department’s No. 398 incloses rules of the new claims commission; ask for instructions as to the attitude to take toward it, and the manner of advising claimants. 933
422 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson July 12 Same subject. Acknowledges his No. 692, approve his action and instructs to follow inclosed instruction in advising claimants. 936
424 Same to same July 13 Same subject. Acknowledges his No. 672 and approves his action as therein stated. 936
734 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox July 20 Same subject. Refers to Department’s No. 376 transmits note from Foreign Office requesting to know whether claims submitted to it by the Embassy are to be presented to the new claims commission. 937
762 Mr. Dearing to Mr. Knox Aug. 2 Same subject. Refers to Department’s No. 422; incloses Embassy’s instruction to claimants a amended. 937
796 Same to same Aug. 9 Discrimination against American railway employees. Mexican employees will strike in order to force discharge of American employees. Mr. Dearing has requested the Mexican Government to give hearing to the latter’s representatives. 910
820 Same to same Aug. 16 Same subject. Gives statistical information regarding railroad employees. 912
476 Mr. Knox to Mr. Dearing Aug. 17 American claims. Acknowledges his No. 734; instructs to advise the Foreign Office that American claimants will be referred in the first instance to the claims commission, diplomatic measures being reserved for future consideration. 939
489 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Dearing Aug. 22 Same subject. Acknowledges Embassy’s No. 712 and refers him to Department’s No. 476 for the desired instructions 940
515 Same to same Aug. 31 Discrimination against American railway employees. Acknowledges receipt of his No. 820 and requests copies of the publication quoted. 913
[Page LXX]518 Same to same. Aug. 31 American claims. Acknowledges his No. 762 and suggests an alteration of the Embassy’s claims circular, and of form of claims note to the Foreign Office. 940
948 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox Sept. 19 Same subject. Transmits message of President de la Barra, in which reference is made to foreign claims. 941
Same to same (telegram). Sept. 20 Same subject. It is reported that the claims commission will give priority to claims made by Mexicans; requests instructions; suggests inquiry whether the report is true. 941
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Sept. 22 Same subject. Instructs to address the Foreign Office as suggested in his Sept. 20; if the report is true, to add to the inquiry that if the Government is in accord with the commission, further resort to the latter would seem useless, and diplomatic measures will become necessary. 941
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 2 Same subject. Department’s instruction of Sept. 22 complied with. He has also requested an extension of time to Nov. 1. 942
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 9 Same subject. Time extended to Nov. 1, claims to be filed with the Foreign Office, which will present them to the claims commission. 943
Mr. Adee to Mr. Wilson Oct. 11 Same subject. Claimants are being advised to present claims to the Department or Embassy for transmission informally through diplomatic channels, but disclaiming for this Government any guaranty of collecting them. 943
1019 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. Oct. 21 Same subject. Transmits claims circular prepared in accordance with instruction of Oct. 11. 944
Same to same (telegram). Oct. 28 Same subject. Further extension of time refused. 946
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Nov. 1 Same subject. The Department will seek further time through Mexico’s confidential representative. 946
613 Mr. Adee to Mr. Wilson Nov. 7 Same subject. Action of the Ambassador approved in stating to certain claimants that this Government has waived no rights to present claims diplomatically by advising initial presentation to the commission. Gives reasons for preferring not to make diplomatic representations. 946
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Nov. 21 Same subject. Instruction to request extension of time to Jan. 1. 1912. 947
1083 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. Nov. 22 Same subject. Requests further general instructions to claimants. Suggests that all claims not yet before the commission be presented en masse diplomatically. 948
Same to same (telegram). Nov. 25 Same subject. Time extended to Dec. 31; claims to go through Foreign Office. All claimants will be notified. 949
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Nov. 27 Same subject. Instruction to thank the Foreign Office for extension of time. 949
652 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson Dec. 2 Same subject. Acknowledges his No. 1083 and refers him to Department’s Oct. 11 for information about instructions to claimants; approves his Nov. 25 as to notifying claimants. The Department is not inclined to present claims en masse diplomatically, as suggested. 949
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wickersham. 1912. Jan. 3 Political affairs. Incloses note from Mexican Ambassador of Dec. 30, 1911, requesting more vigilant maintenance of the neutrality laws of the U.S. The Department of State draws a clear distinction between the enforcement of those laws and activities desired by the Mexican Government which, if carried out, would be equivalent to participating with that Government in putting down a revolution—activities incompatible with the neutrality of the United States. 708
Mr. Knox to Mr. Lascurain Jan. 4 Same subject. Acknowledges his note of Dec. 30, 1911, requesting stricter enforcement of the neutrality laws of the United States; the note has been copied to the Attorney General for such action as he may find suitable. 709
1203 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. Jan. 6 Same subject. Incloses note from the Mexican Foreign Office relative to seditious propaganda from within the United States by Vásquez Gómez. 710
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Jan. 8 American claims. Instructs to express to the Foreign Office this Government’s dissatisfaction with the attitude of the Mexican Government toward American claims, particularly those arising from border engagements at Douglas and El Paso, and at Agua Prieta and Ciudad Juárez; but it finds it now necessary informally to request prompt attention to the latter. 950
[Page LXXI] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 10 Same subject. Instruction of Jan. 8 complied with; the Foreign Office desires the claims referred to presented to the commission, but this will be unsatisfactory, direct diplomatic representations being preferable; diplomatic corps considering joint action in view of inimical attitude of the commission. 951
1204 Same to same. do Political affairs. Incloses article from the official organ of the Mexican Government treating of the relations between the United States and Mexico; suggests laving it before the President. 712
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Jan. 13 American claims. Instruction to represent the Douglas and El Paso incidents according to instruction of Jan. 8, and to inform the Department further in regard to all classes of claims. 952
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 16 Same subject. All Governments except China and Germany are submitting claims to the commission, but it is working unsatisfactorily; diplomatic treatment of border and Alamo cases recommended. 952
Same to same. do Discrimination against American railway employees. Transmits memorandum of interview with railway president relative to Mexicanization of the National Railways by discharge of American employees. 914
Same to same (telegram). Jan. 17 American claims. He has urgently presented the border and Alamo cases to the Government, which promises immediate action through consular inquiries, to be followed by judicial proceedings. 953
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Jan. 18 Same subject. Gives reasons for desiring to present claims in first instance to the commission but the Ambassador may continue to press for early hearings, and especially to urge the Government to investigate the El Paso and Douglas incidents. 954
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 22 Same subject. The Alamo cases will be taken up at once directly with the Embassy, since the commission has no jurisdiction over cases of personal injury or loss of life within Mexican territory. The El Paso and Douglas cases will be settled directly by consuls, with appeal to the commission. 954
1224 Same to same. Jan. 23 Political affairs. Describes the political, military, and economic conditions of Mexico. 713
1247 Same to same. Feb. 2 Same subject. Incloses copy of his letter to the American Consul General at Mexico City relative to protection of American interests, desired by Mr. G. P. Robinson of the Suriana Mining and Smelting Co. 715
Same to same (telegram) Feb. 3 Same subject. Zapatistas now in control of territory between Cuernavaca and Chilpanzingo. Strike impending of 1,200 American employees of Mexican railways. 716
Mr. Knox to President Taft. do Same subject. Quotes Mr. Wilson’s telegram of Feb. 3 and suggests that War Department strengthen the border guard. 716
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Knox. do Firing across boundary. Col. Steever reports having notified Mexican authorities to prevent firing into the United States in case of disorder in or about Juárez. Similar notification sent by Governor of Texas. Refers to similar warnings in 1911 without effect. Requests instruction. 878
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 5 Political affairs. Describes military and political situation. 717
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. State of Chihuahua a unit against the Federal Government. 717
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do American claims. Douglas and El Paso claimants are being advised of the substance of Mr. Wilson’s Jan. 22, and to present their claims directly to the consuls. 955
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 6 Political affairs. Orozco elected Governor of Chihuahua. Fear of intervention by United States. 717
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Permission for passage of Mexican troops over American soil. Foreign office inquires whether 500 or 600 soldiers may pass to Ciudad Juárez from Eagle Pass over Southern Pacific Railway; arms, etc., on separate train if required; object is to deal more adequately with Ciudad Juárez situation. 888
Mr. Knox to Mr. Colquitt (telegram). Feb. 7 Same subject. Inquires whether Texas acquiesces in request of Mexico as to passage of troops over American soil. 888
Mr. Colquitt to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. No objection to granting request of Mexican Government. 889
[Page LXXII] Mr. Knox to Mr. Stimson Feb. 7 Same subject. Advises him that the President has directed that permission be granted for passage of Mexican troops over American territory, their arms and ammunition to be shipped as baggage and the troops to be escorted by American troops. 889
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Political affairs. Although the border patrol may be strengthened, the President’s attitude is the same as expressed in his message to Congress last year. 717
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. United States troops have captured in New Mexico 13 armed Mexicans who had invaded the United States near El Paso. 718
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Describes political and military situation; portions of the press are anti-American. 718
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Casas Grandes authorities have declared against the Federal Government. American colonists notified to surrender their arms; they will resist; the consul will protest. 718
Mr. Knox to Mr. MacVeagh and Mr. Nagel (telegram). Feb. 8 Permission for passage of Mexican troops over American soil. Advises them of consent of this Government to passage of Mexican troops over American territory, and requests their assistance therein. 890
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Advises him of permission for Mexican troops to pass over American territory, and instructs him so to inform the Foreign Office. 890
Mr. Colquitt to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 9 Same subject. If it is the purpose of Mexican troops, for whose passage over American soil has been granted, to fight rebels in Chihuahua, he withdraws his consent to their passage through Texas. 890
Mr. Knox to Mr. Colquitt (telegram). do Same subject. The Department understands that the passage of Mexican troops is only for the purpose of preserving order in Ciudad Juárez and not for general hostilities. Unless the Mexican Government will confirm this understanding, the permission will be withdrawn. 891
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram to Governor of Texas and instructs him immediately to cancel the permission pending further instructions to be based on his report that the troops will be used solely to preserve order at Juárez. 891
Mr. Knox to Mr. MaeVeagh and Mr. Nagel (telegram). Feb. 10 Same subject. Informs him of cancellation of permission for passage of Mexican troops. 892
Mr. Colquitt to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Asks whether or not Mexican troops passing through American territory would meet armed resistance on attempting to reenter Mexico at Juárez. 892
Mr. Knox to Mr. Edwards (telegram). do Political affairs. Department approves his protest, which should be based on the ground that Americans must not be left without means for self-defense. 719
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Repeats Mr. Edwards’s information and instructs to protest, making reservations as to damages and injuries. 719
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 11 Permission for passage of Mexican troops over American soil. The Mexican Government withdraws its request for passage of troops, but circumstances may arise which will cause a renewal thereof. 592
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 12 Political affairs. The 13 Mexicans mentioned Feb. 7 have been delivered to proper civil authorities. 719
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes instruction to consular officers in Mexico, authorizing denial of intention of the United States to intervene; consuls must be strictly neutral, but must insist on protection of American lives and property. 720
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction that it is the policy of the Department to leave all American citizens in Mexico to follow their own judgment in regard to remaining or departing from their domiciles, except where some specific region is peculiarly perilous, when they may be advised to leave. If the lawlessness becomes general, the Department may instruct all consular officers to give publicity to advice to all Americans to return to their country, and that claims for losses or injuries to American citizens will at the proper time be presented to the Mexican Government. 720
Same to same (telegram). do American claims. The Department is advising Americans in Mexico to use their own judgment as to remaining or leaving; if they leave disturbed districts, any losses thereby will be claimed on their behalf by this Government. 955
[Page LXXIII] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Colquitt (telegram). Feb. 13 Permission for passage x)f Mexican troops over American soil. Informs him of withdrawal of Mexico’s request for passage of troops. 893
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 15 Political affairs. Armed United States soldiers crossed into Mexico from El Paso on a street car and were stopped by Mexican customs officers, resulting in strong feeling against Americans. 721
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 16 Same subject. Reports having made representations concerning protection of American interests in the State of Durango, where conditions are desperate. 721
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 18 Same subject. Many complaints from Americans in Sinaloa, where there is no protection of outlying towns. Vásquez Gómez assumed provisional presidency this day. 721
1266 Same to same. Feb. 19 American claims. The Mexican Government is arranging for consular investigation of the Douglas and El Paso claims; Alamo claims referred to judicial inquiry. 956
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 20 Political affairs. Has made representations concerning danger to Americans in State of Jalisco, Oaxaca, and elsewhere. 721
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to make representations (with reservation of reclamation rights) concerning protection of Americans at Velardena and Asarco; American Smelting & Refining Co. report serious conditions. 722
1270 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox do Same subject. The Ambassador reports bad conditions throughout Mexico. Strike of 1,200 American employees of Mexican railways impending. Representations have been made concerning protection of American citizens. 722
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 21 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Feb. 20, 6 p.m.: urgent representations made regarding conditions at Velardena and Asarco. 724
Same to same (telegram). Feb. 22 Same subject. Americans being robbed and maltreated in Sinaloa. Consul instructed to advise them to remove to places of safety. 724
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 23 Same subject. General exodus to the United States from Ciudad Juárez. 724
1274 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. Feb. 24 Presentation of a statue of George Washington. Incloses newspaper report of ceremonies on Feb. 22 of presentation by American citizens in Mexico to the Mexican people of a statue erected in the city of Mexico. 905
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Political affairs. The President is disposed to give warning that troops will be sent into Mexico as a police measure if there should be further injury to Americans on American soil as now threatened at Ciudad Juárez. 724
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. If the President orders troops into Mexico as a police measure such action should be explained and intention immediately to withdraw after restoration of order should be announced. Further observations. 725
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Suggests that in case of preparations to send troops into Mexico at Ciudad Juárez it should be declared that this part of Mexico is in rebellion against the established government, with which the United States is friendly. Other observations. 725
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Feb. 25 Firing across boundary. Inquiries whether Mexican Government would be disposed spontaneously to prevent fighting in or about Juárez to avoid firing into United States. 878
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Will act at once on Department’s telegram of Feb. 25. 879
Mr. Crespo to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Is instructed to learn what credit may be given to press report that American troops have orders to cross into Mexico if shots are fired from Mexico into the United States. 879
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to renew officially and emphatically the warning against firing into American territory. 879
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Feb. 25, 7 p.m., and reports Mexican Government’s order to forces at Ciudad Juárez to engage rebels at about 13 miles distant from Juárez and under no circumstances to make resistance in that town. 879
[Page LXXIV] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Feb. 26 Same subject. Department has replied to inquiry of Mexican Ambassador that press reports of orders to United States troops to cross into Mexico if shots are fired into the United States are without foundation; troops massed at El Paso are merely a deterrent to such firing. Instructs to emphasize to Foreign Office the necessity of preventing it. 880
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Has sent the Foreign Office a friendly but firm note in regard to the Ciudad Juárez situation. 880
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The rebel commander, Campa, has sent him a notice to all foreigners in Ciudad Juárez to seek a place of safety, as he is about to attack that city. 880
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Edwards (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to give to both Campa and the Federal commander informal and unofficial warning against firing into the United States. 881
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to warn both the President and the Foreign Office of the serious consequences of firing into the United States at Ciudad Juárez, and to renew suggestion to engage the enemy at a safe distance from the town. 881
121 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo do Political affairs. Regrets the passage of United States troops across the frontier at El Paso on a street car; appropriate apologies have been made to Mexican consul at El Paso. 726
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Feb. 20, 6 p.m., and Mr. Wilson’s Feb. 21, 5 p.m. The “American citizens” mentioned include men as well as women and children. 727
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 27 Same subject. A Mexican official warned the Embassy that if United States troops cross the line at Ciudad Juárez, Americans in Mexico City will be generally massacred. Mr. Wilson has demanded protection for Americans and other foreigners. 727
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Vásquez Gómez is apparently the leader of the revolution; he should either be excelled from the United States or imprisoned. 727
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Velardena situation bad; Americans ask protection; vigorous representations have been made. General situation dangerous. 728
Same to same (telegram). do Firing across border. Instructions of Feb. 26 complied with. 881
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Ciudad Juárez surrendered to General Campa. 882
1285 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. Feb. 28 Same subject. Transmits correspondence with Mexican Government relating to Ciudad Juárez situation. 882
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. The Foreign Office suggests that Vásquez Gómez open letter to President Madero, published widely Feb. 25, might justify the Government of the United States in proceeding against him. Further, requests rigid prevention of shipment of arms into Mexico via Ciudad Juárez. 728
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Ciudad Juárez In rebels’ hands. They have set up a local government and will collect duty on imports. Rumors of Villa’s defection. 728
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo Feb. 29 Same subject. Vásquez Gómez is being watched, but has not yet been observed in a breach of the neutrality laws. 729
Same to same. do Same subject. If the Mexican Government close Ciudad Juárez to international commerce, the question would arise whether there is in fact a state of belligerency. 729
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Feb. 20, 6 p.m. Americans at Velardena reported safe. 730
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 1 Same subject Advises him of the purport of the two notes sent to the Mexican Ambassador on Feb. 29. 730
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Instruction to urge the immediate sending of adequate relief to the Americans at Velardena. 730
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Urgent representations made to Mexican Government concerning assaults on the Suriana mine; G. P. Robinson and others have requested aid. 730
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Mar. 1, 5 p.m., and his own Feb. 29, 7 p.m.; Americans at Velardena well. 731
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 2 Same subject. Heavy emigration of Americans from all parts of Mexico; the situation grows steadily worse. 731
[Page LXXV] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 2 Same subject. Instruction to inform Americans that it is the Embassy’s duty to advise them to withdraw from specified localities where lawlessness so threatens their safety as to make withdrawal prudent; consuls to care for abandoned property where possible. 731
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Text of the President’s proclamation of Mar. 2, 1912, admonishing citizens of the United States to observe the neutrality laws and warning those that engage in acts subversive of the peace of Mexico that they will not be protected by the United States Government from the legal consequences of such acts. The Ambassador is instructed that the proclamation is not a declaration of neutrality nor a recognition of a state of belligerancy in Mexico, but merely a warning to American citizens not to participate in disturbances in Mexico. The Ambassador will so state to the Mexican Government. Text of statement to the press is quoted to the Ambassador, to be laid before the Mexican Government. 732
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo do Same subject. Incloses a copy of the President’s proclamation of Mar. 2. 733
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 3 Same subject. The President’s proclamation is construed to mean that Americans are warned to leave Mexico, with intention to intervene. 734
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. The Department fears the Mexican press may be misinterpreting the President’s proclamation; instructs to deny intention of the United States to intervene. 734
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 4 Same subject. Quotes his statement to the Mexican press in pursuance of Department’s instruction of Mar. 3; believes the President’s proclamation is now understood. 735
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. The Mexican Government has declared in the press its correct appreciation of the President’s proclamation. The Ambassador continues to allay misgivings of Americans and Mexicans. 735
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to make emphatic public denial of intention of the United States to intervene. 735
Mr. Stimson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Military news from Chihuahua; Orozco and Salazar join the rebels; Villa attacks Orozco. 736
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo do Same subject. A foreign port in the hands of insurgents is regarded as if it were still in the hands of the parent government and consequently open to the intercourse and commerce of other nations, except where passage through such port is prevented by the parent government. Therefore the United States Government considers itself without legal basis for prohibiting the routing of mail through Ciudad Juárez when that is the only port through which mails can be dispatched to that section. Moreover, postmaster of a foreign country can not properly act within the United States; still less a foreign consul, as requested by the Mexican Government: accordingly mail can not properly be delivered to a Mexican consul, except official mail for officials of the parent government. 736
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 5 Same subject. Describes difficulties of warning Americans to leave isolated points. 737
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Mexican Government, alarmed by the enormous importation of arms through Ciudad Juárez, calls the Ambassador’s attention to the practical recognition of the Madero Government by the Diaz Government, but declares that the present Government has no intention of treating with the rebels in arms; if the present Government should fall, the United States could hardly refuse to intervene. Requests, therefore, that the Government of the United States seek a way to stop the importation of arms and ammunition. 737
Mr. Crespo to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Since the rebels are not belligerents, the Mexican Government asks only that the introduction of arms and ammunition through Ciudad Juárez be prevented, as such introduction would violate the neutrality laws of the United States. 737
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Mar. 6 Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 5. The Department must depend on the consulate’s discretion regarding warning Americans to leave particular localities. 738
[Page LXXVI] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 6 Same subject. All Latin-American missions have been instructed to promote friendly appreciation of the patient attitude of the United States toward Mexico; to explain the reasons for sending troops to the border to prevent firing into American territory; to make known the purport of the President’s proclamation of Mar. 2; and to emphasize the determination of the United States not to intervene. 738
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Mexico City authorities have called on all foreign and native friends of order to arm themselves to aid the Government in maintaining order. Mr. Wilson states the measures he purposes taking. His European colleagues disapprove the permission to ship arms and ammunition across the frontier to revolutionists. 739
750 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson do American claims. Acknowledges his 1266 and instructs to Dress the claims for prompt settlement. 956
33 Mr. Ching Yin Tang to Mr. Knox. do Protection of Chinese subjects. Requests permission for Chinese subjects in Mexico, threatened with violence, to seek refuge in the United States. 926
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 7 Political affairs. Committees from the foreign colonies in Mexico City will be armed by the local authorities. Americans have been counseled by the Ambassador to tender their services to the Government, but to refrain from participating in Mexican affairs. 739
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Edwards do Same subject. The Department can not authorize a consul to accent the care of bullion or money. 739
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 8 Same subject. Representatives of the great powers request the Ambassador to ask the Mexican Government for definite guaranties of safety for foreigners in Mexico City. 740
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo do Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 5. There being no recognized state of belligerency in Mexico, the rules of warfare are not involved, the status is one of peace, and there exists no interdiction of commerce outside the jurisdiction of Mexico, whose Government must itself enforce all laws touching commerce. But even if a recognized belligerency existed it would not cause a prohibition of commercial traffic in arms and ammunition, as is shown by the Hague convention, Articles 4, 6, and 7. However, the neutrality laws of the United States do make illegal certain specified acts, even where no belligerency exists, when directed against a friendly government; but those laws do not place the offenders, though penally liable in this country, under extraterritorial obligation; nor is this Government so placed. Thus neither the so-called neutrality statutes nor the general laws of neutrality prohibit mere commercial exportation of arms and ammunition; hence the Executive is legally powerless to prevent that traffic as long as it remains purely commercial and is unconnected with any act prohibited by the statutes. Therefore the sale of supplies in El Paso to Mexicans, whether insurrectos or supporters of the Government, and their delivery across the border, is not in violation of the statutes. 740
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do American claims. Congressional action likely as to Douglas and El Paso cases owing to inaction of consuls; instructs him to urge action. 957
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 9 Political affairs. Refers to his Mar. 6, 10 p.m., and March 7, 10 p.m., and inquires why the Mexican Government is unable to control mobs. Approves Ambassador’s course. Instructs to repeat caution to Americans to keep aloof from partisan affairs. 742
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do American claims. Foreign Office declares it is making progress with the border eases. 957
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 10 Political affairs. The instructions of Department’s Mar. 9. 7 p.m., have been executed. 743
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 11 Same subject. The German Minister has been instructed to pursue a course analogous to that of the United States. 743
[Page LXXVII]1143 Mr. Crespo to Mr. Wilson Mar. 11 Same subject. That the neutrality laws of the United States fail to cover many important points, does not afford sufficient ground for failure of the Government and people of the United States to take any measure calculated to prevent acts that come within the field of international duty. [Secretary of State Hamilton Fish quoted.] The Mexican Government therefore hopes this Government will take steps to prevent the continuance of exportation of arms and ammunition into Mexico. 743
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do American claims. Instructs to hasten the border cases as much as possible. 957
1306 Mr. Wil, on to Mr. Knox. Mar. 12 Discrimination against American railway employees. Reports interview with the President of Mexico regarding a strike threatened by American railway employees. 916
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 14 Political affairs. Suggests sending a war vessel to Mazatlan. 744
Joint Resolution of Congress. do Same subject. A joint resolution to amend the joint resolution to prohibit the export of coal or other material used in war from any seaport of the United States to any American country the scene of domestic violence, except such as may be excepted by the President, and until otherwise ordered by the President. 745
Proclamation by the President. do Same subject. Proclamation of the purport of the foregoing joint resolution. 745
762 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson do Same subject. Acknowledges the Ambassador’s No. 1247 of Feb. 2, regarding protection of American citizens, and calling attention to Secretary Blaine’s Statement of the law in 1891, with quotation thereof. 746
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 15 Same subject. Requests 500 rifles and ammunition for the American colony. 747
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 16 Same subject. Instructions relating to the presentation to the Mexican Government of the President’s proclamation of Mar. 14. 747
134 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo do Same subject. Refers to his No. 1143 of Mar. 11 and to his own note of Mar. 8; the proclamation of the President, of Mar. 14, has modified the then existing statutes so as to inhibit under specific conditions the exportation of materials of war until otherwise ordered by the President or by Congress; this action was taken in the desire to promote the return of peace to Mexico and should be construed as an act of friendship. 747
Mr. Wilson to President Taft do Same subject. The exceptions under the proclamation come under three heads: (1) it would be unwise at present to except shipments of arms and ammunition to the Madero Government (reasons given); (2) it would be unwise to except large shipments to private enterprises (reasons given); (3) but, in spite of the attending dangers, it appears urgent to except shipments consigned to the Ambassador or nearest Consul for the use of American citizens. These shipments might well be conducted as ordered for Santo Domingo in 1906 in pursuance of the joint resolution of Apr. 22. 1898. 748
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 17 Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 15, 5 p.m., and Department’s Mar. 16, 7 p.m., and quotes the form of a presidential order in pursuance of joint resolution of Apr. 22, 1898: The Department is investigating the ways and means for shipping arms and ammunition for the use of American citizens. 750
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Dangerous conditions prevail. 75
149 Mr. Alger to Mr. Knox. do Protection of Chinese subjects. Reports having acted on previous instructions in a similar case to protect Chinese threatened with violence. 926
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 18 American claims. An American citizen has asked him to define his proper course in case of mob attacks, with a view to establishing claims for damages. 958
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox. do Political affairs. Americans in Acapulco desire advice about leaving. Unfriendly Mexican attitude due to fear of intervention. Instructions requested. 751
Mr. Lespinasse to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Believes wide publicity in Tabasco of the President’s proclamation of Mar. 2 would create an excellent impression. 751
[Page LXXVIII] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo Mar. 18 Same subject. Vásquez Gómez has been under observation but has not been found violating the neutrality statutes of the United States. The writing of letters in this country and forwarding them by the United States mails into Mexico, inciting an uprising against the Government of Mexico, is not a violation of the neutrality laws. 752
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Lespinasse (telegram). Mar. 19 Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 18, and gives permission to circulate the President’s proclamation of Mar. 2 without alteration of its language. 752
769 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson do Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 6, 10 p.m., which states that his European colleagues disapprove this Government’s permission of shipment of arms across frontier to revolutionists. Their Governments would probably in a like situation take a like position. International law did not and does not require prohibition of such shipments, nor did the neutrality laws of the United States prior to Mar. 14. 752
235 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Ching Yin Tang do Protection of Chinese subjects. The request of the Minister dated Mar. 6 is being complied with. 927
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Beaupré (telegram). Mar. 20 Political affairs. Instructs to amend; Department’s Mar. 6. 7 p.m. 753
1320 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. General review of political, military, and economic situation. The President’s proclamations of Mar. 2 and Mar. 14 have had an excellent effect in official circles but not elsewhere. 753
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do American claims. Refers to his Mar. 18; the Department can not lay down any other rules regarding the matter therein mentioned than those of international law (Moore’s Digest, vi. 809). 958
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 21 Political affairs. Refers to Department’s Mar. 17, 10 p.m., and gives details concerning shipments of arms. 755
1170 Mr. Crespo to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Requests that the President permit certain shipments of arms and ammunition for General Sanjinés at Ojinaga, forwarded by the Mexican consul at El Paso, and detained at Marfa, Tex., by the United States authorities. 755
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Again requests permission to ship arms to General Sanjinés at Ojinaga. 755
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Foreign Office makes the same request as Mr. Crespo’s of even date. 756
771 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson do American claims. Incloses a circular to consular officers relating to collecting information as to American property in Mexico for use in future claims for damages. 959
772 Same to same. do Discrimination against American railroad employees. Acknowledges his No. 1326 and instructs him to continue to report fully on the situation. 91
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 22 Political affairs. States quantity of arms needed by the American colony. Requests instruction as to method of entering the shipment at the frontier. 756
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The prohibition of entry of foodstuffs will cause much bitterness toward Americans. Mines will have to shut down within two weeks. Considers it best to shut down at once and have Americans withdraw. This, together with strict enforcement of the President’s proclamation, will effectively stifle the revolution. 756
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegrams). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Mar. 21, 11 a.m., and his own Mar. 22, 11 a.m. Requests increase of arms shipment. 757
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Mining companies report that prohibition of entry of dynamite will cause shutting down all mines and some 20,000 discharged employees will immediately join the forces of disorder. Obregon elected President. 757
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 23 Taxation of foreigners by provisional revolutionary Government. Requests instructions in view of demand by such government of taxes due to Federal Government. 907
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do American claims. Department’s citations from Moore’s Digest seem to deny a government’s responsibility for mob violence unless lack of due diligence can be shown; the Ambassador considers Department’s Feb. 12, 5 p.m., to hold Mexican Government liable without regard to the degree of diligence. 960
1327 Same to same. do Same subject. Requests instructions in regard to claims for damages due to current disturbances. 960
[Page LXXIX] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 24 Political affairs. Inquires, relative to his Mar. 22, 9 p.m., if it is feasible to enter dynamite through Vera Cruz. The President’s proclamation does not affect clothing, dry goods, hardware, and foodstuffs. 757
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. The entry of foodstuffs, clothing, dry goods, and hardware is not prohibited by the proclamation. The Attorney General is considering the exemption of dynamite for mines and other industrial purposes. 757
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 25 Same subject. Two responsible Americans desire to order additional arms for same purpose as stated in his Mar. 22, 12 m., and Mar. 22, 6 p.m. 758
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 22, noon, and Mar. 22, 6 p.m. Arms will be sent Mar. 28, consigned to him but invoiced to military attaché, who will be disbursing officer. 758
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Mar. 24, 7 p.m.; is making inquiries of miners about dynamite. 758
Mr. Wickersham to President Taft. do Same subject. Reviews the various interpretations that have been placed upon the term “arms or munitions of war;” gives a practical working definition thereof for the use of the officials on the border. 759
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 26 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Mar. 24, 7 p.m., and his Mar. 25, 10 p.m. The Mexican Government ‘will endeavor to bring out the supply of dynamite at Dinamita, for the use of mines in northern Mexico. If this prove not feasible, dynamite will be admitted from the United States. 761
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. He has requested the Governor of San Luis Potosí to protect Americans; he has agreed. Press censorship rigid; consular telegrams are being refused. 762
1334 Same to same. do Same subject. Transmits correspondence between the Embassy and the Foreign Office relative to guaranties of protection to Americans in Mexico City. 762
137 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo. do Same subject. Refers to his note No. 1170 of Mar. 21 and telegrams of Mar. 21 and 22. Informs him that the President has ordered released for exportation into Mexico the arms and munitions of war specified in the note No. 1170. Hereafter the consignors of arms and ammunition for the Mexican Government will take the matter up with the Mexican Embassy, which will submit the particulars to the Department; they will then be placed before the President for his decision. 765
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Mar. 27 Taxation of foreigners. Instructs that taxes should be paid under protest, which should be recorded; receipts should be taken. De facto authority may receive taxes, but this Government will regard such payment as relieving the payers from further obligation. 907
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to repeat to the Mexican Government the instructions to Mr. Letcher. 908
Same to same (telegram). Mar. 28 Political affairs. Refers to his Mar. 26, 9 p.m. Instructs him to protest against refusal to receive consular or other official telegrams for the Embassy or the Department. 766
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 25, 11 a.m. The Department will not recommend shipment of arms except upon his responsibility, and is not inclined to grant request of the two Americans without more specific information as to urgency of the need and the purpose to which the arms will be put. Noncompliance with similar requests might be pointed out as adverse discrimination. 766
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 21, 10 p.m. Shipments therein mentioned have been authorized. 766
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Mar. 28, 2 p.m. He has protested verbally, and will repeat protest when in possession of better information. 767
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Press censorship severe. Will the Department consult with Stone as to action by Embassy? 767
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 29 Same subject. Refers to his Mar. 28, 10 p.m. Inquire whether or not Associated Press service can be continued and investigate the Mexican Government’s general policy in this matter. 767
[Page LXXX] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 29 Same subject. The use of the Associated Press wire is still refused. Other news deliberately stopped; wires cut. General situation bad. 767
1337 Same to same. do Same subject. Incloses letter to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, stating the position of the Ambassador and of his Government toward Mexico; it is false that, as reported, he is conducting propaganda in behalf of Mr. De la Barra. 768
Mr. Crespo to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Mar. 30 Same subject. Refers to a shipment of arms said to be authorized without the formalities specified in the Department’s note of Mar. 26. 768
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction to request the Mexican Government to retain enough troops at Durango to protect Americans and their interests. 769
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Reports attack on American railway employee. Puebla and Vera Cruz situations bad. Mexico City foreigners alarmed. Rigorous censorship continued. No consular advices. Will make further protest. 769
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo (telegram). do Same subject. Refers, to his Mar. 30. Reason for irregularity of shipment was lack of time. Further, explanations. Not being intended for the Mexican Government, the shipment is not of the kind contemplated in the Department’s note of Mar. 26. 769
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do American claims. The Department deems it inadvisable to elaborate at present the subject of his telegram of Mar. 23, 11 a.m. 960
Same to same (telegram) do Discrimination against American railroad employees. The representatives of the American railway employees intend to request the Department to take extraordinary steps in behalf of the men and a strike is likely if they are unsatisfied with the Department’s or the Mexican Government’s attitude. Instructs to urge upon the latter the desirability of stopping the discrimination against American employees. 917
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 1 Political affairs. Referring to Department’s Mar. 29, censorship still in effect. The Government’s course is neither consistent nor just. 770
President Tart to Mr. Wilson. do Same subject. The President concurs in the opinion (inclosed) of the Attorney General that an aeroplane about to be exported from El Paso to Mexico for the purpose of dropping explosives on Federals, should not be permitted exportation. An aeroplane, though not per se included in the definition “munitions of war,” is specifically acquired for the purpose of destroying human life, clearly becomes a munition of war, and is within the purposes that gave rise to the congressional joint resolution and the embargo created by the President’s proclamation thereunder. 770
Mr. Vásquez to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Repeats the language of his manifesto of Feb. 17. States that on Mar. 31 he sent to the press an open letter to. President Madero, which he quotes. Assures Mr. Knox of the noble purposes of the revolution. 771
68 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Alger. do Protection of Chinese subjects. His action as reported in his Mar. 17 is approved. 927
1235 Mr. Crespo to Mr. Knox. do American claims. Commissioners have been named to investigate the Douglas and El Paso claims. 960
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 2 Discrimination against American railroad employees. The Cabinet has decided to reject all demands of American employees. States the nature of his representations to the Mexican Government. 918
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Refers to Department’s Mar. 25, 4 p.m. The Mexican Government will take entire charge of the safety of the shipment of arms for Americans through Vera Cruz. Says the usual duty should be paid. 772
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. The duty on the shipment of arms will be about $16,000, which the American colony will find hard to pay. Asks whether the Mexican Government could be allowed to take part of the shipment in payment of duties. 772
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 3 Same subject. Mexican authorities require passports of all persons leaving Chihuahua. Telegrams to Department delayed several hours on repeated occasions. Protests seem unavailing. Money-order service discontinued. 773
[Page LXXXI] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Nagel Apr. 3 Same subject. A shipment of cartridges from the United States to Salvador via Mexico is not in violation of the President’s proclamation of Mar. 14, which put the joint resolution of Congress into operation as to Mexico only. 773
134 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Refers to previous correspondence concerning the need of arming the American colony. Proposes that instead of paying the duty on the shipment, the Mexican Government take the whole shipment to its own account and turn it over to the colony for their use during a stated period. 773
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Apr. 4 Same subject. Refers to his Apr. 2, 11 p.m. If the duty must be paid it should be done in the regular way 775
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 5 Same subject. The American colony will pay the duty on the arms and ammunition. 775
149 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo. do American claims. Acknowledges his Apr. 1. 961
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 6 Political affairs. Reports arrival of De la Barra 776
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 7 Same subject. An American, Heberlein, put in jail incomunicado by rebels, who ignore the consul’s demand for an explanation. Rebel chiefs in manifesto repudiate Vásquez Gómez. 776
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Discrimination against American railroad employees. The Mexican Government hopes for a reconciliation between the railway management and the men. 918
Same to same. Apr. 8 Same subject. The American employees will strike Apr. 15. 918
790 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson. do American claims. Acknowledges his No. 1327; instructs to bring all claims of the character mentioned to the attention of the Government, with reservations as to future action, and to send to claimants a circular worded in general as instructed June 16, 1911, adding that legal remedies must be exhausted before having recourse to diplomatic action. 961
132 Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Attorneys for El Paso claimants intend not to submit claims to consul, but to await the commission provided for in the joint resolution before Congress directing the Secretary of State to investigate American claims. 962
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Apr. 9 Political affairs. Instructs to request permission for entry of additional arms and ammunition. 776
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Instructs to inquire again what the general policy of the Mexican Government is in regard to censorship. 777
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Censorship continues on all press telegrams to the United States. The Mexican press full of sensational stories about intervention. Anticipation of railway strike accelerating emigration. Revolution spreading. 777
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. The shipment of arms and ammunition for the American colony is in transit from Vera Cruz. 777
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. An American named Fountain threatened with execution. Protest made by consul, but rebel authorities insolent. Mail confiscated. 777
1351 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Incloses correspondence with retiring Minister for Foreign Affairs, Calero, succeeded by Lascurain. 778
456 Mr. Hanna to Mr. Knox. Do Discrimination against American railroad employees. Comments on the railway situation. 919
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 10 Political affairs. Refers to Department’s Apr. 9, 7 p.m., and his own Apr. 1, 11 p.m. The Associated Press will probably be forbidden free use of the wires. Asks for instructions. 779
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Rebels under Salazar take Parral. Instructions requested regarding departure of Americans. 779
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to insist on immediate release Hebberlein. 779
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Edwards (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to investigate report that official despatches for American consul at Chihuahua were taken by rebels from messenger. If true, endeavor to secure the despatches. 780
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). Apr. 11 Same subject. Quotes telegram to the President from Orozco as leader of the revolution, repudiating the ideas contained in a published letter from Gonzalo Enrile to the President, and avowing Orozco’s friendly attitude toward the United States. 780
[Page LXXXII] Same to same (telegram). Apr. 11 Same subject. Replies to his inquiry as to Americans leaving, and instructs to decide according to local conditions. 780
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Replying to his request, Apr. 10, 11 a.m., for instructions, advises that no formal representations are desired. 781
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. He has received from Orozco a letter saying that in view of nonrecognition of belligerency the rebel government will not recognize the consular representatives of the United States, who should not address the military commander on behalf the United States. This letter purports to be an answer to the consul’s protest against seizure of mail. 781
Mr. Wickersham to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. He has advised those interested in procuring from the President exceptions to the prohibition of the proclamation of Mar. 14, that the President will deal with each case as it arises, and that applications should show the necessity for the exception and also that the explosives will safely arrive at destination and not fall into the hands of insurrectionists or otherwise contribute to disorder. Suggests that all such applications hereafter be sent to the President instead of to the Department of Justice. 781
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Discrimination against American railway employees. Information received that when the American employees strike a rebel organization in Vera Cruz will begin destroying the railways and killing Mexican railway employees. 920
Same to same (telegram) Apr. 12 Same subject. Reports murders of American railway employees. Strike set for Apr. 17. 920
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 13 Political affairs. Arms for American colony have arrived; ammunition delayed by Mexican Government for lack of escort. Mr. Wilson has instructed the consul at Vera Cruz to protest and insist on immediate forwarding of the ammunition. 782
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wickersham. do Same subject. Refers to his letter of the 11th instant and accepts his suggestion that applications be forwarded directly to the President. 782
Mr. Wilson to President Taft. do Same subject. Incloses copies of Mr. Wickersham’s letter of Apr. 11 and the reply of Apr. 13. 782
Same to same. do Same subject. Refers to his own letter of Mar. 16, regarding the three aspects of the question raised by the proclamation of Mar. 14; mentions an application for exception thereto made by the Southern Pacific Railroad of Mexico for use in defense of their American employees; considers that the exception should be made. 78
Same to same. do Same subject. The murder of the American citizen Fountain and of American railroad employees, the increasing arrogance of the rebels, seizing of mails, depredations on American property, etc., seem to call for a strong protest and warning not only to the Government but also the people of Mexico. Submits draft of proposed representations. Submits for signature orders for exportation of arms to Americans (partly intended for American railroad employees) and to British residents of Sonora. Mentions the important group of Americans at Los Mochis, who are demanding that a warship be sent to the west coast; their isolation is causing the Department much anxiety. Discusses a plan as to the warships. Suggests that the impending strike of American railroad employees may call for a reiteration of warning to American residents to withdraw. 784
Same to same. do Same subject. Submits for signature letters to the Secretary of the Treasury regarding permission for shipment of arms to British subjects in Sonora (referred to in his Apr. 12). 786
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Taxation of foreigners. The provisional revolutionary government demands that payment by American citizens of freight rates due the railroad be made instead to said government. 908
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Apr. 14 Political affairs. Inquires about delayed Vera Cruz shipment of ammunition. Instructs to request entry of 150 rifles via Nuevo Laredo. 786
[Page LXXXIII] Same to same (telegram). Apr. 14 Same subject. Instruction to communicate textually the accompanying representations to the Mexican Government, stating that in view of the intolerable conditions in Mexico, the Government of the United States demands adequate protection for American life and property; gives warning that the Government and people of Mexico will be held responsible for all wanton or illegal acts that endanger American life and property; demands that American citizens arrested by either Federals or rebels for participation in insurrectionary disturbances shall be dealt with according to broad principles of equitable justice and humanity as well as in accordance with the principles of international law, for any departure from which the Government of the United States must hold the Mexican people strictly responsible. Also quotes instructions to the American consul at Chihuahua: To present to Orozco a copy of the foregoing, and further to say to Orozco that the practical murder of an American citizen by the order of one of his officers is viewed by this Government with grave concern; that this Government insists, where American citizens are arrested, on the observance of the rules of war followed by civilized nations; that failure to observe them will be deeply resented and must be fully answered for by the Mexican people. Also instructs him to say to the Mexican Government that retaliation against rebels who murder American citizens taken prisoners from Federals, by murder of those taken from rebels, is to be pointed out as utterly inhuman and should never be used in the case of American citizens. 787
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes telegram of Apr. 14 to the Ambassador, and instructs to make to Orozco the representations therein formulated for him, informally and unofficially; also to say that he is instructed informally to say that he must continue to exercise his functions and make such representations to Orozco as occasion may demand; that he is warranted in doing so by possession of an exequatur from the Mexican Government as representative of the Mexican people. 788
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to communicate to all consular officers, for their information, the Department’s telegrams of Apr. 14, 3 p.m., to the Embassy and to Mr. Letcher. 788
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Dye (telegram). do Same subject. Notifies him of shipment in his care, for officials of the Southern Pacific R. R. of Mexico, of arms and ammunition, to be delivered to such Americans as shall satisfy him of their right thereto, and the safety of the arms from falling into possession of rebels. 789
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Apr. 15 Same subject. Situation of Los Mochis Americans is causing anxiety. Ascertain whether the Mexican Government can send a ship with troops for their protection, and what that Government proposes to do in general for protection on the west coast. What would be thought of the sending of two United States naval vessels to afford refuge for Americans? 789
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Department’s Apr. 14, 3 p.m., is being variously construed. 790
Pascual Orozco to President Taft (telegram). do Same subject. Fountain was executed because he was righting the rebels, without considering his nationality. Rebels desire friendship of Americans. 790
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Same subject, instruction to investigate killing of Fountain and ascertain his citizenship. 790
1479 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bryce do Same subject. The President has granted the desired permission to ship arms to British subjects in Sonora. 790
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Apr. 16 Same subject. Orders have been issued for shipment of ammunition to the American Consul at Guadalajara. 791
798 Same to same. do Taxation of foreigners. Instructions to Mr. Letcher cover the matter of freight payments referred to in the Ambassador’s Apr. 13. 908
[Page LXXXIV] Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 16 Political affairs. On the 15th instant a note based on Department’s Apr. 14, 3 p.m., was delivered to the Foreign Office. Press comment inimical. Arms and ammunition received. 791
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Discrimination against American railway employees. Suggests another effort to avert the strike. 921
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 17 Same subject. Efforts to avert strike unavailing. Asks for instructions to proceed actively to secure justice for the men. 92
Same to same. do Message of President Madero to Congress read Apr. 1, 1912: attention called to passages concerning the Chamizal affair and the rumors of intervention. 706
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Refers to Department’s Apr. 9, 5 p.m. The matter has been referred to the Governors of the States concerned. Owing to large emigration of Americans, the colony has an excess of arms and Consul at Guadalajara is so advised. 791
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Apr. 15. Fountain American born. His execution was plain murder, done after consul’s protest. Rebels knew he was American citizen, and there is every reason to believe that was reason for his execution, as other prisoners were not executed. Orozco has apologized for the tone of his correspondence with the consulate and for seizure of mail. Bases stipulated by consul for his unofficial recognition accepted by ‘Orozco. Bases given. 792
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Gives text of reply of Mexican Government to the Ambassador’s note based on Department’s Apr. 14, 3 p.m. The Foreign Office has made its reply public. 792
1364 Same to same. do Same subject. Transmits copy of his note of Apr. 15 based on Department’s Apr. 14, 3 p.m. Mentions passages wherein it departs from the language of the Department. 794
Pascual Orozco to Mr. Wilson. Apr. 18 Same subject. Acknowledges receipt of note from the American consul embodying the Department’s instructions of Apr. 14, 3 p.m. Declares there is no antagonism to the Government or people of the United States. Believes the revolution meets all the requirements of a de facto government, but will recognize the American consuls accredited to the Madero Government. Gives reasons for declaring the revolution meets all the requirements of international law. States that he has accredited Manuel L. Luján as his agent to enter into relations with the Government of the United States and requests his reception even unofficially. Is ready, however, to communicate through any channel. 795
1369 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. Apr. 19 Discrimination against American railway employees. Transmits letter from representatives of the unemployed American railway men relating to the availability of their services if needed by this Government. 921
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Refers to Department’s Apr. 15, 8 p.m., concerning Los Moehis Americans. Has been unable to get a satisfactory statement from the Foreign Office. Believes the Department should act according to the necessity of the situation and send a gunboat or transport. 797
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Two Americans have been imprisoned at Chihuahua without any excuse. Release has been demanded. 797
Mr. Knox to Mr. Hostetter (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes the Ambassador’s Apr. 17, noon, and inquiries whether the Governor has power to act. If so, the consul will arrange for entry of arms and ammunition in transit to him for Los Mochis Americans and others. 797
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The American Heberlein has been released. 798
Mr. Magill to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 20 Same subject. Shipment of arms to Guadalajara almost nullified by failure of Mexican Government to send permits to admit it. 798
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s Apr. 15, 8 p.m. The sending of a United States vessel should be heartily cooperated in by the Mexican Government. Instructs to explain the purpose to the Foreign Office and to the press. Terms of the desired explanation. 798
[Page LXXXV] Mr. Crespo to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 20 Same subject. Refers to his own note No. 1229 of Mar. 30, relating to war materials detained at Marfa, Tex., and requests order releasing them. 799
Mr. Knox to Mr. Hostetter (telegram). do Same subject. Instructions for distribution of arms. 799
Mr. Luján to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. As delegate from General Orozco, he is ready to present his credentials and to receive any communication destined to the commander in chief of the revolutionary army. 793
Mr. Hanna to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 21 Same subject. There is much talk in Monterey about intervention. 800
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 22 Same subject. Mr. De la Barra believes the present Government can not continue. Mexico City almost surrounded by rebels. Bad conditions in many States. 800
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 23 Same subject. Press reports of U. S. S. Maryland being on the way to Los Mochis are disturbing the Foreign Office. 800
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Says the Mexico City press is violently anti-American. 800
108 Mr. Knox to Mr. Edwards. do American claims. Acknowledges his No. 132; the Department has expressed to the Members of Congress in charge of the joint resolution that it deems it proper for claimants to have recourse in the first instance to the Mexican claims commission, and deprecates the attitude of said resolution. 963
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 24 Taxation of foreigners. The provisional revolutionary government threatens confiscation of property of American citizen unless he pay an arbitrary sum of money or quantity of merchandise. 909
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Political affairs. Unless a more obliging disposition is shown regarding the importation of arms and ammunition for Americans at Guadalajara, Tampico, and Sonora, the Ambassador may intimate that the Department will not recommend further exceptions to the President’s proclamation of Mar. 14 in favor of the Mexican Government. 801
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Reviews military situation. American papers discriminated against. 801
Same to same (telegram). Apr. 25 Same subject. Refers to Department’s Apr. 24, 11 a.m. Relates his interview with the Minister for Foreign Affairs, who explained the delays relating to arms as resulting from antiquated business methods. 801
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. A British war vessel will go to Mexican Pacific coast. 802
Mr. Knox to Mr. Stimson do Same subject. Requests that a transport now out of commission be sent as soon as ready to the west coast of Mexico for protection of American citizens. Gives details of voyage desired. Mr. Guyant will be taken to Topolobampo, whence he will proceed to Los Mochis to act as American consular agent. 802
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Apr. 26 Same subject. The transport Buford will sail for Mexican waters carrying Mr. Guyant, consular agent at Los Mochis. Instructions for informing Americans of purpose of sending the vessel, and explaining the same to the Mexican Government. The Yorktown will proceed to Topolobampo after report from the Ambassador of a favorable attitude of the Mexican Government. 803
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Apr. 27 Same subject. British war ships will visit Mexican waters with purpose identical with those of the United States; the effect of both will be excellent. 804
Mr. Gilchrist to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Governor of Florida inquires whether the United States will intervene. 804
Mr. Knox to Mr. Gilchrist (telegram). do Same subject. The Governor of Florida is assured that the President has positively no intention of intervening in Mexico. 804
Mr. Knox to Mr. Alger et al (telegram). do Same subject. The Secretary in identic telegrams advises the consuls at Hermosillo, Mazatlah, Salina Cruz, and Acapulco of the movements of the Buford; instructs them to cooperate with her officers in relieving American citizens. 805
Mr. Knox to Mr. Guyant (telegram). do Same subject. Instructions to investigate and report conditions of Americans on the west coast, and to assist in their relief. 805
Mr. Knox to Mr. Letcher (telegram). do Taxation of foreigners. Refers to his Apr. 24 and instructs him that such “forced loans” or confiscatory exactions must be distinguished from ordinary taxation, and accordingly he should protest informally and unofficially against all arbitrary and discriminatory exactions, securing a record of such protests. 909
[Page LXXXVI] Mr. Knox to President Taft. Apr. 27 Permission for passage of Mexican troops over American soil. Expresses his views as to inadvisability of such permission. 893
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Guyant (telegram). Apr. 29 Political affairs. Instruction to inform the consul at Mazatlan that British subjects will be accommodated on the Buford there is room after taking on Americans. 803
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Protection of Chinese subjects. Requests instructions as to 2,000 Chinese at Cananea threatened with violence. 928
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson. Apr. 30 Discrimination against American railway employees. The Ambassador’s No. 1369 has been communicated to the Secretary of War. 922
Same to same (telegram). do Political affairs. Refers to his Apr. 27, 11 a.m.; the Department will not decide about sending a war ship until the British and French ships have arrived at Mexican ports. 806
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Americans request that certain other foreigners be taken aboard the Buford. 806
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). May 1 Same subject. The Department will be glad to receive Britons and Spaniards on the Buford if there is room after Americans are cared for. 806
Mr. Lujan to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Transmits telegram from General Orozco stating that the revolutionary party is treating Americans fairly, denying charges of forced loans and other oppressive measures, and stating military and political situation. 807
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Crespo. do Same subject. The Department can not grant his request to suspend traffic between El Paso and Ciudad Juárez. 807
804 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson. do Same subject. Refers to his 1364 of Apr. 17; instructs him to file at the Foreign Office a note communicating textually the Department’s instruction of Apr. 14, 3 p.m., to supplement his original note, which departed therefrom in some particulars. 808
Same to same (telegram). May 2 Protection of Chinese subjects. Instruction to inform consular agent at Cananea to use his unofficial good offices in behalf of the Chinese. 928
Mr. Dye to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The Chinese at Mazatlan may be expelled from Mexico. Inquires whether they may be permitted temporary residence in the United States. 928
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Dye (telegram). May 4 Same subject. There is no objection to temporary admission of expelled Chinese into the United States. 928
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. Inquires whether there are any Red Cross or other funds available for assisting needy Americans. 808
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Pascual Orozco, by special envoy, has appointed Vásquez Gómez to be Provisional President of Mexico, with seat of government at Ciudad Juárez. 809
Mr. Alger to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 5 Protection of Chinese subjects. The Chinese colony are grateful for permission to seek refuge in the United States, but will make use of it only if necessary. 929
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 7 Political affairs. The original text of the Department’s instructions of Apr. 14, 3 p.m., has been transmitted to the Foreign Office. 809
Mr. Garrett to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Pascual Orozco has ordered Vásquez Gómez to leave Mexico, owing to dissatisfaction with his policy as Provisional President. 809
President Taft to Mr. Knox. May 12 Discrimination against American railway employees. Requests issuance to railway presidents and managers of a letter calling their attention to the need of finding work for the unemployed former American employees of the Mexican railways. 922
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). May 13 Same subject. Informs him of instructions to consuls in pursuance of the President’s request. 923
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson et al. (telegram). May 14 Same subject. The data requested of the consuls was desired for the President personally, for the purpose of securing employment in the United States for the unemployed men. 923
1410 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. May 15 Political affairs. Continues, from his dispatch of Mar. 20, review of the general situation in Mexico. 809
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). May 17 Same subject. Instruction to inform all deserving Americans of the availability of the Buford for transportation to the United States. 811
[Page LXXXVII] Mr. Knox to 86 railway presidents. May 17 Discrimination against American railway employees. Letter in behalf of the unemployed men, as directed by the President. 923
President Taft to Mr. Knox. May 21 Same subject. Approves steps taken in behalf of the railway men. 924
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 24 Political affairs. Zapata warns Americans to leave City of Mexico before his intended attack. 811
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). May 25 Same subject. If Zapata report is true, instructs to inform the Mexican President and the American colony. No reply to be made to Zapata. 812
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Perfect defense plans for the American colony have been made. Zapata’s warning has caused little alarm. 812
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 29 Same subject. A proclamation by Orozco addressed to both the Mexican and the United States Governments has been prepared, declaring that continuance of aid by the latter to the former will make it impossible to protect Americans. Mr. Letcher suggests demanding safe conduct of American and other foreigners to the border. 812
Mr. Knox to Mr. Letcher (telegram). May 30 Same subject. Instructs to make unofficial but firm demand of Orozco for explanation of his proclamation, protest informally but vigorously against any evasion of his obligation to protect noncombatants, and demand safe conduct for all Americans who desire to leave Mexico. Use his discretion as to advising Americans to depart. 813
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). May 31 Same subject. Orozco’s proclamation will be issued in greatly modified form owing to representations made by Mr. Letcher, Safe conduct promised. Rebels bitter toward Americans because of alleged frustration of their plans by permission by the United States of introduction of munitions of war. 813
Same to same (telegram). June 3 Same subject. Reports assault on residence of an American, William H Craft; also seizure of powder. Consul’s protest unavailing. Suggests concerted action of Americans. 814
Mr. Knox to Mr. Letcher (telegram). June 5 Same subject. The Department approves his course. 814
Mr. Garrett to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Huerta has arrested Villa and sent him to Mexico City for trial. Orozco’s family en route to Europe; Orozco may follow. 814
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 6 American claims. The Minister for Foreign Affairs, to avoid congressional action, wishes to pay all allowed border claims at once. 963
Mr. Knox to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). June 7 Same subject. Instructs to say that this Government hopes the border cases will be settled at once. 963
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. Orozco denies responsibility for threats to Americans; has made apologies. Rebels have received arms from Paso del Norte. 814
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson and Mr. Edwards (telegram). June 19 Firing across border. Recapture of Ciudad Juárez is apparently intended by the Mexican Federal forces. Instruction to urge Mexican Government to attack so as to avoid firing across the line, and to suggest siege operations. 883
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Has complied with instructions of this date. Foreign Office says siege is impossible unless the Government of the United States can cooperate by preventing entry of supplies. 884
Same to same (telegram). June 20 Same subject. President Madero declares no bullets will be allowed to penetrate American territory. 884
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Mexican authorities assure him there is no present intention to take Juárez. 884
33 Mr. Knox to Mr. Crespo June 21 Display of the American flag. Replies to the Ambassador’s note requesting that American consul at Ensenada do not unduly display the American flag, in view of the municipal regulations there limiting such display. This Government, under international law, has the right to display its flag daily and fails to find any reasonable ground for any restriction of that right in the present instance. 903
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 24 Firing across border. The Mexican Government officially informs him that it will try to take Juárez without battle by starving it out if necessary if the American Government will help by stopping entry of supplies. 885
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). June 28 Same subject. The President says the greatest care will be taken not to fire across the line in case of attack on Juárez, but hoped the American Government would cooperate. 885
[Page LXXXVIII]879 Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson. June 28 Political affairs. Incloses correspondence relating to recruiting in the United States of soldiers for the Mexican Government; connection therewith of Mexican Consul Llorente. The law peremptorily forbids such recruiting, which assails the national sovereignty of the United States (Moore’s Digest, vii, 879). The Ambassador is instructed to so advise the Mexican Government and to say that this Government can not reconcile such action with due regard for the sovereignty of a friendly neighbor, and trusts that the Mexican Government will at once proceed vigorously to stop it; and that the United States will prosecute all found guilty thereof. 815
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Edwards and Mr. Letcher (telegram). July 5 Same subject. Informs him of murder of an American citizen, William Adams, at Colonia Diaz by rebels. Instructs to make unofficial but vigorous representations to the rebel authorities, and to do all that is possible to protect Americans. 816
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Quotes to him the instructions to Mr. Edwards and Mr. Letcher; instructs to make immediate and urgent representations to the Mexican Government as to need of its utmost effort for protection of American life and property. 816
Mr. Knox to Mr. Meyer. July 13 Same subject. Requests sending of a war ship to the west coast of Mexico, and suggests that one be also sent to the east coast. 817
907 Mr. Adee to Mr. Wilson. July 19 Same subject. Informs him that arrangements have been made for sending war vessels to both the west and the east coasts of Mexico. Instructs him to explain the purpose of their visits to be only such as those which vessels of all nations are accustomed to make, with no ulterior purpose. 818
1545 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. July 24 Same subject. Acknowledges Department’s 879 of June 28; transmits copy of his note to the Foreign Office based thereon, its reply thereto, and other correspondence. 818
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Suspension of constitutional guaranties declared in certain States, due to increase of rebel atrocities and insufficient Federal forces. 820
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). July 26 Same subject. Senator Fall has attacked the Department’s Mexican policy, alleging certain named Americans killed and outraged. Instructs to investigate in regard to those named. 820
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 28 Same subject. The persons mentioned by Senator Fall have not been heard of at the Embassy. 821
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to urge Mexican Government to make every effort to protect American life and property in Casas Grandes district, where rebels are disarming them and are very bitter against the Government of the United States. 821
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 29 Same subject. He has executed instructions as to Casas Grandes; Mexican Government promises to act as desired. 822
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to transmit to Consul at Chihuahua the Department’s July 28, 12 p.m., with instruction to do all he can for Americans in rebel territory. Requests suggestions relating to Department’s Mar. 2, 2 p.m. 822
Mr. Knox to Mr. Edwards (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs him to say to rebel chiefs that willful molestation of Americans will be intensely resented by this Government, and informally and unofficially to demand that there be no maltreatment of American persons or property. 823
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Suggests curtailment of importations at Ciudad Juarez, as well as exports, to weaken rebels financially. 823
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 30 Same subject. Has forwarded Department’s July 28, 12 p.m., to Mr. Letcher at Chihuahua, with the additional instruction of Department’s July 29, 4 p.m. 823
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). July 31 Same subject. Quotes his reply to Mr. Wilson’s instruction of July 30. 824
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Acknowledges Department’s July 29, 7 p.m. Orozco says he will not listen to him officially, and that he disarmed Americans because he needed their arms. 824
Mr. Dye to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 1 American claims. None of the Douglas claimants have accepted the awards, and the Mexican Government intends to deposit the amounts thereof with the Secretary of State for distribution. 964
[Page LXXXIX] Same to same. Aug. 2 Same subject. Describes the progress and status of border claims and unfortunate attitude of the Mexican agent. 964
Mr. Knox to Mr. Dye (telegram). Aug. 3 Same subject. Refers to his Aug. 1, and instructs to advise claimants that they are not compelled to accept the awards, and that this Government has reserved the right to proceed diplomatically. 906
Aug. 9 Same subject. Text of Senate Joint Resolution 103, “directing the Secretary of War to investigate the claims of American citizens for damages suffered within American territory and growing out of the late insurrection in Mexico.” 966
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 12 Political affairs. Orozco says Madero is about to resign. 824
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 15 Same subject. Conditions worse in southern Mexico. 824
Mr. Edwards to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 16 Same subject. Orozco’s army all out of Juárez 825
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 20 Same subject. Federals now occupy Juárez. Refugees will return to their homes. 825
Mr. Adee to Mr. Meyer. do Same subject. Requests cooperation of the Vicksburg with consul at Hermosillo. 825
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 21 Taxation of foreigners. Refers to Department’s Mar. 27, and informs him that such protests as there mentioned are being made in regard to mining taxes demanded by local Federal authorities after payments already made to provisional revolutionary government, and Americans advised not to pay taxes a second time. 910
Same to same (telegram). Aug. 22 Political affairs. Conditions very bad in certain States. Recommends rigid precautions in Sonora. 826
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Mexican Government discriminates against American trade and other interests. Suggests a positive stand against this attitude. 826
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Aug. 24 Same subject. The Vicksburg will cooperate as desired and other precautionary measures will be taken. 827
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Department’s 907 of July 19. Inform Mexican Government of Vicksburg’s schedule. Reference to future movements of Des Moines on east coast. 827
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Taxation of foreigners. He is advised that the Federal Government will not attempt to require a second payment of taxes. 910
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Aug. 26 Political affairs. Acknowledges instruction regarding Vicksburg and Des Moines. 828
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Doubts Mexican Government’s ability to cope with situation in Sonora. 828
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. Constitutional guaranties suspended over one-third of Mexico. Press censorship at all interior points. 828
1618 Same to same. Aug. 28 Same subject. Reviews military, political, and economic situation. Recommends an alert and severe attitude. 828
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Sept. 2 Same subject. Instructs to request Mexican Government to place garrisons at all strategic points on frontier, adequate to deal with any disturbance; specifies number of men required. Instructs also to say that Mexican troops may pass over American territory for purpose of establishing said garrisons. 833
General Wood to Mr. Knox. Sept. 3 American claims. Requests data collected by the State Department relating to the claims. 567
965 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson Sept. 4 Political affairs. Incloses an account of Mr. Calero’s interview with the President, at which the President impressed the Minister with this Government’s dissatisfaction with Mexico’s inadequate dealing with attacks on Americans. The Acting Secretary of State added that there were three points needing special consideration: (1) that murderers of Americans went unpunished; (2) that there was a general hostility toward American interests; and (3) that the Mexican Government was apparently not sufficiently energetic and zealous in combating the anti-American activities. 833
Same to same (telegram). Sept. 5 Same subject. Acknowledges his No. 1618 of Aug. 28. Announces the forwarding of a draft note to the Foreign Office embodying the three points brought out at Mr. Calero’s interview with the President Sept. 4. 835
[Page XC]966 Same to same. Sept. 5 Same subject. Refers to Department’s telegram of Sept. 5; incloses the draft note therein mentioned; instructs him, on presenting the note, to do so textually and to say that such were his instructions. Before presenting it, to suggest to the Department any desirable changes in it that may occur to him. 835
Mr. Adee to President Taft (telegram). Sept. 6 Same subject. Requests his permission to send arms and ammunition to the consul at Nogales for consular agent at Cananea. 835
1643 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Refers to Department’s instruction of Sept. 2, 1 p.m., and incloses his note to the Foreign Office in compliance therewith, and the reply of the Foreign Office, which declares that the Mexican Government is endeavoring to satisfy the request of this Government in regard to protection of American life and property; expresses thanks for permission to move troops “over American soil, and is awaiting the consent thereto of the Senate. 836
Mr. Adee to Mr. Dye (telegram). Sept. 7 Same subject. The President has given permission for the shipment of arms and ammunition for consular agent at Cananea. 838
Mr. Adee to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to shipment of arms mentioned in telegram to Mr. Dye and instructs to arrange for their entry. 838
Same to same (telegram). do Same subject. The War Department has been requested to place additional arms and ammunition at Naco. 838
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. As Dean of the Diplomatic Corps he has received from the rebels a notice of an early attack on the City of Mexico. 838
Mr. Adee to Mr. Hunt, Mr. Colquitt, and Mr. McDonald (telegram). do Permission for Mexican troops to pass over American soil. Requests the assurance of the Governors that it will be agreeable to the States of Arizona, Texas, and New Mexico to permit Mexican troops to pass through those States to points where rebels threaten the security of American citizens. 895
Mr. Hunt to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. There is no objection on the part of Arizona to the passage of the troops. 895
Mr. Colquitt to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Texas has no objection to the passage of the troops. 896
Mr. Dye to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 8 Political affairs. States cause of delay in forwarding from Naco the arms and ammunition for the consular agent at Cananea. 839
Mr. McDonald to Mr. Knox (telegram) Sept. 9 Permission for Mexican troops to pass over American soil. It will be agreeable to New Mexico to permit the passage of the troops. 896
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Sept. 10 Same subject. Refers to Department’s telegram of Sept. 2, 1 p.m. Instructs to inform the Mexican Government that permission is granted for 1,000 to 1,200 troops to go from Ciudad Juárez via the Southern Pacific Ry. through the United States to Sonora, unarmed and escorted. 896
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. Suggests an emendation of note to be presented to Foreign Office, inclosed in Department’s No. 966 of Sent. 5. 839
Mr. Dye to Mr. Knox. Sept. 11 Same subject. Arms and ammunition have arrived and have been put under guard at Bisbee. 839
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Sept. 12 Same subject. Requests complete text of emendations referred to in the Ambassador’s Sept. 10, 6 p.m. 840
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Submits the text requested in Department’s Sept. 12, 5 p.m. 840
Mr. Dye to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Firing across border. Rebel troops appearing near Agua Prieta the American commanding officer at Douglas warned both the Mexican Federal and rebel commanding officers to prevent firing across the border. 885
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Rebel attacks on Agua Prieta and Nogales threatened. Instruction to inform Mexican Government that Federal forces must avoid firing across the line, and to suggest engaging rebels as far as possible from the boundary. 886
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Dye (telegram). do Same subject. The War Department has been requested to issue instructions similar to those to General Steever last June when Ciudad Juárez was threatened. Instruction to warn Federal and rebel officials against filing across the line. 886
Mr. Dye to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. In reply to his note, rebel leader Rojas says he will try to delay attack on Agua Prieta until further instructed. 887
[Page XCI] Same to same (telegram) Sept. 13 Same subject. Rebels have gone south 887
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Dye (telegram). do Same subject. Nogales reported threatened by rebels; if attack is likely, instruct vice consul as you have been instructed (Sept. 12, 8 p.m.) as to Agua Prieta. 887
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. He has complied with instructions of Sept. 12, 8 p.m., and Mexican Government replies that immediate steps will be taken to prevent firing across the line at Agua Prieta and Nogales. 888
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Bowman et al (telegram). Sept. 13 Political affairs. Instructs the Consul and Vice Consul at Nogales, the Consular Agent at Cananea, and the Consul at Hermosillo to tell the Americans who have been supplied with arms that these are to be used solely for self-protection. 840
Mr. Dye to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 14 Same subject. Information concerning the distribution of arms to Americans. 841
Mr. Garrett to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 15 Same subject. Describes military situation 841
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). do Same subject. Instruction concerning emendation of note, referred to in Ambassador’s Sept. 12. 841
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Lascurain. do Same subject. Text of note to the Mexican Government concerning the treatment of Americans; specific instances are given of murder, rape, robbery, and other criminal assaults; redress is demanded for these and also for false imprisonment. Protest is made against censorship; also against restriction of American trade. The American Government can no longer, out of an unavailing regard for the amour propre of Mexico, patiently view the state of affairs as outlined; the Mexican Government must either show that it can handle the situation or confess that it can not; in the latter case the Government of the United States will consider what steps to take; and meantime desires a prompt statement of Mexico’s intentions in regard to (1) the capture and punishment of murderers of Americans, (2) ending of discrimination against American interests, and (3) improvement in general conditions in Mexico such as subject American settlers to hardships. 842
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Sept. 16 Same subject. Instruction to date the note Sept. 15 and present it at once. 846
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 17 Same subject. The note was dated Sept. 15 and was presented Sept. 17. 846
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. The Minister for Foreign Affairs asked if the note was the same as that referred to by the President in the interview granted to Mr. Calero on Sept. 4. Mr. Wilson replied that it was. An answer was promised within four or five days. 846
Same to same Sept. 18 Message of President Madero to Congress read Sept. 16. 1912; attention called to passage relating to American claims for damages. 708
Mr. Adee to Mr. Stimson do American claims. Transmits the data requested in his Sept. 3. 967
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Sept. 19 Permission for Mexican troops to pass over American soil. Instructs him to say to the Mexican Government that, as the United States granted permission to pass Mexican troops over its soil for the primary purpose of aiding in the protection of endangered American citizens, the failure of such troops to move against the rebels causing the danger leaves this Government somewhat bewildered. 896
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Sept. 20 Political affairs. Discusses the difficulties of disposing of the person of Pascual Orozco, sr. 847
400 Same to same Sept. 24 American claims. The Foreign Office says that all the El Paso claimants intend to await the action of the Congressional investigating commission. 968
Same to same (telegram) Sept. 25 Political affairs. The Foreign Office requests the indefinite detention of General Campa, now in custody at Tucson. Mr. Wilson recommends refusal to extradite any rebel leaders, but to detain them as long as possible. 847
Mr. Oliver to Mr. Knox do American claims. Requests the original petitions of claimants, for use of the War Department’s claims commission. 968
1016 Mr. Adee to Mr. Wilson. Sept. 27 Political affairs. The Department hears rumors of a coup d’état whereby Madero will be succeeded by Pino Suarez, of an uprising to be led by Felix I Díaz, and of an understanding between Huerta and disaffected Federal troops. 847
[Page XCII] Mr. Adee to Mr. Colquitt (telegram). Sept. 28 Permission for Mexican troops to pass over American soil. Requests to be informed it if will be agreeable to Texas to permit the passage of Mexican troops over United States soil over a definite route, unarmed and escorted. 897
Mr. Colquitt to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Texas does not object to the passage of the troops. 897
Mr. Wilson to Mr. de la Cueva. Sept. 29 Same subject. Informs him that the Mexican troops may pass unarmed and escorted from Piedras Negras across American territory to reenter Mexico at Del Rio and Marathon, Tex. 898
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Sept. 30 Same subject. Instruction to inform the Mexican Government of permission granted as requested for Mexican troops to proceed from Piedras Negras to Del Rio and Marathon, over American soil. 898
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Instruction to withhold or withdraw permission granted, in view of objection of Governor of Texas pending further information. 898
Mr. Colquitt to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 1 Same subject. If Mexican Government will eliminate Marathon and detrain troops only at Del Rio, there will be no objection. 899
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Stimson Oct. 2 Political affairs. The Department desires that all Mexican insurrectionists that enter the United States be arrested under section 14, U. S. Penal Code, neutrality laws. 848
Same to same. do Same subject. Gives names of Mexican insurrectionists in the United States now in custody; the Department of Justice is being requested to cooperate in detaining these persons. “ 849
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wickersham. do Same subject. The Ambassador has been instructed that insurrectionists captured in this country can not be extradited on charges of insurrection, which is a political offense; nor even on account of civil crimes committed in Mexico while they are detained under our own laws, until these laws have been satisfied. 849
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Wilson (telegram). Oct. 3 Same subject. Refers to his Sept. 20 and 25. The Department believes insurrectionary leaders captured in this country can not be surrendered to the Mexican Government on charges relating to the present revolutionary disturbances since the extradition treaty with Mexico excepts surrender for political offenses. Instructs him so to say to the Mexican Government, informally, and add that this Government expects to place such leaders in military custody under the provisions of the neutrality statutes, and that the laws of this country will have to be satisfied before request for extradition can be acceded to. 850
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). Oct. 4 Permission for Mexican troops to pass over American soil. Instructs him to advise the Mexican Government of the amendment suggested by the Governor of Texas to the itinerary of the troops. 899
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Oliver Oct. 8 American claims. Transmits the petitions requested in his Sept. 25. 968
1727 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 9 Permission for Mexican troops to pass over American soil. Reports that other arrangements have been made by the Mexican Government for the troops and the permission though appreciated is no longer necessary. 900
274 Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox Oct. 16 Political affairs. Reviews military and political conditions, and attitude toward Americans. Foreigners are expecting intervention of the United States. 850
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 17 Same subject. Felix Díaz, at Vera Cruz, is expecting attack by Federals. Committee of consuls requested him to avoid fighting within the city, and requested Mr. Canada to hold U. S. S. Monterey and send for Des Moines. 853
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Has notified Government there must be no bombardment of Vera Cruz dangerous to innocent foreigners. Has told German Chargé d’Affaires that Germans could, if necessary, take refuge on the Des Moines. 853
Mr. Adee to Mr. Meyer do Same subject. Requests return of the Des Moines to Vera Cruz with instructions to the commander to observe strict neutrality. 853
Mr. Adee to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). Oct. 18 Same subject. Instruction to say to Foreign Office that this Government hopes no fighting at Vera Cruz will endanger the persons and interests of Americans and other noncombatants. 855
[Page XCIII] Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 18 Same subject. Foreign Office strongly objects to entrance of Des Moines into port of Vera Cruz at present on account of general excitement over her supposed mission. In view of Mr. Schuyler’s remonstrances there will be no bombardment. 851
Mr. Adee to MacVeagh. do Same subject. Requests holding up of all shipments destined for Vera Cruz. 855
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 19 Same subject. Transmits a letter from Felix Díaz to the Secretary of State, requesting recognition of the belligerency of the armed forces under his command. 856
Mr. Adee to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). do Same subject. The Des Moines will arrive Vera Cruz Oct. 20 and will care for as many foreigners as possible. Instructs him so to inform the German Chargé d’Affaires. 857
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Instructs him to say to Foreign Office that in sending a gunboat to Vera Cruz—which is admittedly under rebel control—this Government is fulfilling an imperative duty toward Americans and their interests. The Department regrets that any other purpose should have been perceived than the one communicated to the Mexican Government. 857
Mr. Azueta to Mr. Canada do Closure of port of Vera Cruz. Notifies him of the closure of the port of Vera Cruz. The American ship Seguranza should leave as soon as possible. 900
Mr. Canada to Mr. Azueta Oct. 20 Same subject. Has notified this Government of the action of the Mexican Government closing the port of Vera Cruz to the Seguranza. 901
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Political affairs. The Mexican Government’s policy at Vera Cruz is to surround the city and prevent escape of Díaz; no bombardment is contemplated. 857
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. The Mexican Government no longer objects to arrival of the Des Moines at Vera Cruz. 858
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 21 Same subject. Transmits notification from Federal General Beltran to Mr. Canada that Vera Cruz will be taken by force of arms and advising precautions in behalf of Americans. 858
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Felix Díaz rapidly losing prestige. 858
Mr. Knox to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). do Same subject. Instructs to reiterate the hope expressed in Department’s Oct. 18, 2 p.m. 859
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 22 Same subject. Describes situation of noncombatants at Vera Cruz. 859
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. The most stringent orders have been given to do as little damage as possible to foreign interests at Vera Cruz; no intention of bombardment. 859
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 23 Same subject. The battle has begun all around Vera Cruz. 860
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Felix Díaz has been captured. This collapse will merely prolong the trouble; there should be United States war ships in every Mexican port. 860
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Meyer (telegram). do Same subject. This Government does not claim the right of asylum, but that of temporary refuge is interpreted broadly enough to allow some latitude to the judgment of the officer called on to determine the specific case; upon him the Department places the responsibility, as in the case of Commander Hughes at Vera Cruz in regard to Felix Díaz. 860
768 Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Incloses a series of documents and reports referring to the taking of Vera Cruz and subsequent happenings. 861
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). do Closure of port of Vera Cruz. Instruction to say to Foreign Office, in view of its protest at entrance of the Seguranza at Vera Cruz, that closure by a sovereign power of a port held, by enemies, whether foreign or domestic, can have no international validity, and no extraterritorial effect of imposing any obligation upon governments of neutral powers to recognize it. A blockade of a port held adversely can not be respected. 901
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 24 Same subject. Inquires whether, now that the insurrection has collapsed, he shall nevertheless follow the instruction of Oct. 23. 902
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Asylum and temporary refuge. Felix Díaz has been captured by Federal forces. If he asks for asylum it will be refused. 924
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Meyer Oct. 25 Political affairs. Requests that in addition to the Des Moines and Tacoma, now on east coast, two other vessels be sent there; and that four vessels be kept ready for despatch to the west coast. 863
[Page XCIV]770 Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox. Oct. 25 Same subject. Incloses a series of reports and documents referring to the taking of Vera Cruz by Díaz and retaking by Beltrán. 864
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). Oct. 26 Same subject. Informs him of request to Navy Department of Oct. 25. 866
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). do Closure of port of Vera Cruz. Instruction to communicate to the Mexican Government as instructed on Oct. 23, explaining the sending of that instruction prior to news of recapture of Vera Cruz. 902
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 27 Asylum and temporary refuge. The Embassy is besieged with requests for intercession in behalf of Felix Díaz, threatened with execution. Mr. Schuyler refuses to interfere in Mexico’s internal politics. 924
Mr. Knox to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). Oct. 29 Same subject. Approves his action reported in his Oct. 27. 925
1073 Same to same. do Same subject. Instruction to inform Consul at Vera Cruz of the Department’s position with regard to granting asylum; distinction between asylum and temporary refuge defined. 925
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 7 Political affairs. Vera Cruz citizens very grateful to Commander Hughes; profusely express their friendship for the United States. 867
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 8 Same subject. Rebel activities around Cuernavaca and in State of Mexico increasing. 867
Mr. Ellsworth to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Rebels active in State of Coahuila 867
1772 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox. do Closure of port of Vera Cruz. In view of changed conditions at Vera Cruz the Mexican Government believes the matter of the closure of that port may now be considered terminated. 903
Mr. Hamm to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 9 Political affairs. Rebels active in State of Durango. 867
Mr. Letcher to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 11 Same subject. About 500 rebel troops m State of Chihuahua. 868
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 12 Same subject. Finances of Mexico m hopeless confusion. 868
Same to same (telegram) Nov. 13 Same subject. Rebels increasing activities in several States. 868
Mr. Pangburn to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 14 Same subject. Rebels control all west coast as far as to the north of Acapulco. 868
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 15 Same subject. Conditions more serious. Advises immediate despatch of war vessel to Acapulco. The Minister of Trade and Commerce is informing Americans that it is impossible to protect their interests. 868
Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Large rebel forces in the northern, numerous small bands in central and southern parts of the State of Vera Cruz. 869
Mr. Bonney to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. Rebels active in State of San Luis Potosi. 869
Mr. Knox to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). do Same subject. Refers to Mr. Schuyler’s Nov. 15, 2 p.m. reporting the Minister’s statement; instructs him to say to the Mexican Government that the Department is astonished to learn that a member of the Cabinet is making such statements and takes it for granted that he will be immediately and appropriately cautioned, and that the Government of Mexico will exert every effort to protect the persons and property of Americans. 869
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox (telegram). Nov. 27 Same subject. Anti-American feeling spreading; failure to take adequate steps to punish officials guilty of offenses toward Americans. The Mexicans generally seem emboldened by approaching change of administration in United States. 870
775 Mr. Canada to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Reviews conditions in city and State of Vera Cruz. 870
1792 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox do Same subject. Transmits the reply of the Mexican Government to the Department’s note of Sept. 15; it expresses surprise at the reproaches contained in the latter; claims that Mexico has fulfilled its obligations toward Americans, and reproach is not in keeping with the course followed by the United States within its own territory toward Mexican citizens; rejects the imputation of hostility to American interests: declares that the Government can not be held responsible for the present state of the country; if the United States had expelled from its territory the leaders of sedition, the Mexican Government would have found it easier to reestablish peace; objects to the language of the American note in qualifying the Mexican Government and prefers not to reply to the portion of the note containing such qualifications. 871
[Page XCV] Nov. 29 American claims. Report of Claims Commission of the War Department, in pursuance of the Joint Resolution of Congress approved Aug. 9, 1912. 969
1793 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox Nov. 30 Same subject. Transmits a note from the Minister for Foreign Affairs exhibiting an attitude of irresponsibility toward all foreign claims. 981
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 6 Same subject. Requests instructions as to how to proceed in view of the attitude of irresponsibility assumed by the Mexican Government toward foreign claims. 982
1800 Same to same. Dec. 7 Same subject. Transmits correspondence illustrative of the Mexican Government’s attitude as mentioned in his telegram of Dec. 6. 983
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 11 Same subject. The Embassy has secured payment of two claims for personal services rendered. 984
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 15 Political affairs. The Mexican Government requests that when the Embassy asks for permission to procure arms for American citizens, the request be made as if it concerned a transaction between private individuals. The Embassy, however, has already asked that the arms concerned be shipped to the consul at Hermosillo. 877
Mr. Knox to Mr. Schuyler (telegram). Dec. 16 Same subject. Refers to his Dec. 15, 10 a.m. and instructs him to say that although the arms are, for convenience, consigned to the consul, they are intended for the protection of American citizens; the case is analogous to others about which no question was raised. 878
1142 Same to same. Dec. 19 American claims. Acknowledges his No. 1800 and instructs him to say that this Government can not admit the existence of any unqualified rule of international law excusing a government from all responsibility for damages done to aliens by uncontrolled insurrectionists. 984
Dec. 21 Same subject. Memorandum of an interview between Mr. Wilson and Mr. Lascurain in New York, at which the Ambassador suggested submission to arbitration of all difficulties pertaining to the claims. 985
1834 Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Knox. Dec. 30 Same subject. Transmits copy of a note from the Mexican Government to the British Minister to Mexico, stating that as the current disturbances differ in character from those of 1910, the Government is making no present decision as to the former. 985

MOROCCO.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
257 Mr. Carpenter to Mr. Knox. 1912. May 20 American protégés. Incloses letters from the British Consul at Fez relating to Mohamed ben Lehsen el Filaly, arrested by the French authorities. 987
Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Reports that the French authorities have apologized for the arrest of Mohamed ben Lehsen el Filaly. 989
263 Same to same. May 29 Same subject. Incloses two more letters from the British Consul at Fez, showing the case of Filaly to be closed without resort to a court-martial, through the good offices of the Consul. 989
283 Same to same July 11 Same subject. Further information about Filaly. 991
84 Mr. Knox to Mr. Carpenter. Aug. 5 Same subject. The Department approves the conduct of the case of Filaly; instruction to thank the British Consul at Fez for his deep interest and able handling of the case. 992

NICARAGUA.

No. From and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
Mr. Northcott to Mr. Knox (telegram). 1911. May 6 Financial affairs. The President of Nicaragua has been authorized by the Assembly to negotiate with American bankers, through the good offices of the United States, a loan not exceeding $20,000,000. Also to negotiate such treaties and contracts as may be necessary to secure the loan. 1071
June 7 Same subject. Message from the President read June 8 transmitting a convention with Nicaragua relating to refunding the debt of Nicaragua and reorganizing its fiscal administration, signed at Washington June 6, 1911. Urges its ratification upon the Senate. Text of the convention. 1072
[Page XCVI] June 28 Same subject. Message from the President read June 29, urging approval of the loan convention. 1076
July 15 Same subject. Special message from the President suggesting certain minor amendments to the loan convention and reiterating his earnest desire that the Senate advise ratification. 1077
Mr. Gunther to Mr. Knox (telegram). Oct. 9 Same subject. Nicaraguan Assembly approves loan contract with American bankers of Sept. 1, 1911. 1078
Messrs. Brown & Seligman to Mr. Knox. Nov. 2 Same subject. Informs him of conclusion Sept. 1, 1911, of a temporary loan to Nicaragua of $1,500,000, secured on customs receipts to be collected by a Collector General nominated by them and approved by the Department; it has been approved by the Government of Nicaragua. They nominate Mr. Ham for Collector General. 1078
Mr. Castrillo to Mr. Knox. Nov. 7 Same subject. Requests the Department to consider the nomination of Mr. Ham for Collector General. 1079
Mr. Knox to Messrs. Brown & Seligman. Nov. 11 Same subject. Acknowledges their letter of Nov. 2 and informs them of approval by the Department of Mr. Ham as Collector General; said approval is not to be understood as involving any other or further good offices of this Government than would be accorded to any other legitimate American enterprise abroad. 1079
12 Mr. Knox to Mr. Castrillo. do Same subject. Acknowledges his Nov. 7 and informs him of the approval by the Department of Mr. Ham for Collector General. 1080
Messrs. Brown & Seligman to Mr. Knox. Dec. 13 Same subject. Transmits copy of contract of Dec. 9, 1911, between Nicaragua, the Ethelburga Syndicate, and certain holders of the Nicaraguan bond issue of 1909, negotiated under the terms of the contract of Sent. 1, 1911, requiring approval by the President of Nicaragua. 1081
Mr. Gunther to Mr. Knox (telegram). Dec. 16 Same subject. Financial Agent Ham and Captain Wilson assumed their posts Dec. 16. 1081
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 26 Same subject. The good offices of the United States are requested for securing service of an excise expert. 1081
161 Same to same. Dec. 30 Same subject. The contract of Dec. 9 has been approved by the President of Nicaragua. 1081
Same to same (telegram) Dec. 31 Constitution. Promulgation set for Jan. 1, 1912, but as the election of Mena and Solórzano are made constitutional, and forbids employment of foreigners, the Foreign Minister is withholding his signature. 993
Same to same (telegram) 1912. Jan. 1 Political affairs. President Jimenez of Costa Rica says President Estrada Cabrera of Guatemala is supporting Irias in a movement from Costa Rica against Nicaragua. 1012
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 4 Same subject. President Araujo of Salvador says President Estrada Cabrera of Guatemala is implicated with Jose Gámez in Costa Rica in a plot against Nicaragua, as shown by intercepted correspondence. 1012
Mr. Knox to Mr. Gunther (telegram). Jan. 5 Same subject. Instruction to repeat his Jan. 4, to the American Legations in Costa Rica, Salvador, and Guatemala, requesting full report. 1012
163 Mr. Gunther to Mr. Knox Jan. 6 Same subject. Relates interview with General Chamorro concerning political intrigue with reference to the Presidency. 1013
164 Same to same. Jan. 8 Same subject. Discusses breaches of the Dawson Agreements by their various signers. 1014
166 Same to same. do Same subject. Discusses Díaz as a candidate for the Presidency. 1016
Mr. Heimke to Mr. Knox. Jan. 12 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Gunther’s Jan. 4, and transmits copies of correspondence mentioned; thinks it does not implicate Estrada Cabrera. 1016
Mr. Gunther to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Constitution. The Foreign Minister has agreed to sign the constitution, but Mr. Gunther has been promised delay of promulgation until Jan. 31. 993
Mr. Knox to Mr. Gunther (telegram). do Financial affairs. Mr. Edwin A. Thayer is recommended as excise expert. 1082
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 13 Constitution. The Department would regard promulgation before arrival of Mr. Weitzel as a distinct departure from the cooperation between the two Governments that has been practiced. Instructs to assure President Díaz of this Government’s cordial support. 994
[Page XCVII] Mr. Gunther to Mr. Knox (telegram). Jan. 13 Same subject. The Assembly irregularly promulgated the constitution Jan. 12 without the signature of the Minister for Foreign Affairs, intending to force the United States to recognize the election of Mena and Solórzano. 994
Mr. Knox to Mr. Gunther (telegram). Jan. 14 Same subject. Instruction to inform Mena that the Dawson agreements must be observed. 994
171 Mr. Gunther to Mr. Knox Jan. 15 Same subject. Describes the intrigues relating to the promulgation of the Constitution; incloses the decree ordering its promulgation. 995
Same to same (telegram) do Financial affairs. The Nicaraguan Government agree to appoint Mr. Thayer as excise expert. 1082
Same to same (telegram) Jan. 16 Constitution. Public sentiment welcomes Department’s declaration contained in Mr. Knox’s Jan. 14. 996
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Gunther (telegram). Jan. 19 Financial affairs. Mr. Thayer accepts. 1082
Mr. Knox to various Senators. Jan. 22 Same subject. Incloses his speech delivered before the New York State Bar Association on Jan. 19 on “The Monroe Doctrine and some incidental obligations in the zone of the Caribbean.” He does this in the hope of increasing their interest in the convention between the United States and Honduras and even more especially the convention with Nicaragua, both of which now await the advice and consent of the Senate. 1082
Mr. Knox to Mr. Gunther. Jan. 24 Same subject. Acknowledges his 161, copy of which has been sent to Mr. Wands, Nicaragua’s Financial Adviser. 1092
2 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox do Constitution. Transmits text of the new constitution. 996
4 Mr. Knox to Mr. Weitzel Jan. 25 Political affairs. Incloses copy of letter from General Chamorro to the Department, reviewing recent political history and urging this Government to insist on the execution of the Dawson Agreements in respect to the succession to the Presidency. Incloses also Mr. Knox’s acknowledgment. 1017
Same to same. Jan. 31 Same subject. Refers to Mr. Gunther’s Jan. 4 and informs him that the Chargé d’Affaires at San Jose can not verify the rumor concerning Gamez or of activity against Nicaragua. 1020
Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 4 Financial affairs. President Díaz urges haste in fixing the rate of exchange for the paper currency; leading business men also urge it. States the difficulties, and recommends that bankers make advances at once. 1093
Mr. Knox to Mr. Weitzel (telegram). Feb. 8 Same subject. It is understood that the bankers sent a proposal on Feb. 7 which they hope will remove difficulties mentioned in his Feb. 4. 1093
Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox (telegram). Feb. 14 Same subject. An agreement satisfactory to both Nicaragua and the bankers for prompt execution of plans for the currency and banking operations is about to be concluded; the bankers will lend an additional $500,000 and also pay monthly $30,000 from the customs receipts; the bankers to receive option to purchase 51 per cent of Lake steamers and of Pacific railroad. Currency experts think this option includes franchise to operate steamers from Managua to Grey town. Mr. Harrison recommends to bankers exercise of this option and canalization of the existing waterway; this, with the Pacific railroad, would form a transcontinental line. 1094
6 Same to same. Feb. 14 Same subject. The Department’s informal course in expediting currency and banking plan referred to in his Feb. 4, has had a beneficial effect on both economic and political situations. 1094
Mr. Castrillo to Mr. Wilson. Feb. 15 Visit of the Secretary of State to Nicaragua. Acknowledges his Feb. 13 notifying him of the Secretary’s prospective visit. 1109
10 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox. Feb. 23 Same subject. Incloses copy of notes exchanged with the Foreign Office and with President Díaz regarding the Secretary’s visit. 1110
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Weitzel (telegram). Feb. 26 Financial affairs. Refers to his Feb. 14; the bankers wish to know if there is any objection to including the project therein mentioned in their new proposals; Department replied that there was none provided contracts specify that there shall be no alienation to foreign company or government except with the consent of this Government; same as to transisthmian route. 1096
[Page XCVIII] Mr. Knox to the Mayor of Managua. Mar. 5 Visit of the Secretary. Speech replying to a speech of welcome. 1112
President Diaz to Mr. Knox. Mar. 6 Same subject. Speech of welcome. 1112
Mr. Knox to President Diaz. do Same subject. Replay to the foregoing. 1114
Mr. Suárez to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Speech of welcome. 1117
Mr. Knox to Mr. Suárez do Same subject. Reply to forgoing. 1120
Mr. Solórzano to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Speech of welcome. 1122
Mr. Knox to Mr. Solórzano. do Same subject. Reply to the foregoing. 1123
Mr. Chamorro to Mr. Knox. do Same subject. Speech of welcome. 1124
Mr. Knox to Mr. Chamorro. do Same subject. Reply of Mr. Knox. 1125
President Diaz to President Taft. Mar. 7 Same subject. Thanks the President for the Secretary’s visit. 1126
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Weitzel. Mar. 11 Financial affairs. Transmits correspondence between the bankers and the financial experts in regard to railway and canal projects considered in connection with the loan. 1096
President Taft to President Diaz. Mar. 12 Visit of the Secretary. Reply to the foregoing. 1127
Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox (telegram). Mar. 20 Financial affairs. The currency-plan and supplementary-loan bill has been passed by the assembly with canal feature cut out; bankers’ representatives threaten rejection of bill so amended. Recommends urging bankers to accept. 1093
Mr. Wilson to President Taft. Mar. 21 Same subject. The passage of the currency-reform and supplementary-loan bill shows the good faith of Nicaragua and refutes the statement that it does not desire the loan convention. 1093
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Weitzel (telegram). Mar. 22 Same subject. Bankers will not insist on canal feature. 1099
Messrs. Brown & Seligman to Mr. Knox. Apr. 2 Same subject. They have entered an agreement with Nicaragua, Mar. 26, 1912, to make further temporary loans not exceeding $775,000. 1099
17 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox Apr. 7 Same subject. Incloses copies of currency-reform law enacted Mar. 20, 1912. 1099
18 Same to same. do Same subject. Incloses copies of supplementary-loan law. 1100
24 Same to same. Apr. 19 Political affairs. Incloses communication from Minister for Foreign Affairs regarding Dawson Agreements and his answer thereto. Inclosure reviews the agreements and urges necessity thereunder of calling popular presidential election. 1020
28 Same to same. May 2 Same subject. Transmits correspondence with Consul at Bluefields concerning political conditions on the Atlantic Coast. 1022
May 10 Naturalization convention between the United States and Nicaragua. Text. 1105
do Naturalization convention, supplementary, extending the time of the foregoing. Text. 1107
23 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Weitzel. May 14 Political affairs. Refers to his 24 and approves his answer to Mr. Chamorro. 1024
35 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox May 17 Financial affairs. Incloses copy of measure authorizing President to settle Ethelburga loan. 1100
Same to same (telegram) May 22 Same subject. Nicaragua greatly needs $900,000; purposes stated; basis for discussion given. 1100
Messrs. Brown & Seligman to Mr. Knox. June 3 Same subject. Incloses various contracts consequent upon the failure of the Ethelburga agreement of Dec. 9, 1911. 1101
Mr. Knox to Mr. Weitzel (telegram). June 8 Same subject. Mr. Wands transmits recommendation to accept plan for settlement of the 1909 loan question. 1102
50 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox June 20 Political affairs. Reports intrigues concerning presidential succession. 1025
Same to same (telegram) June 29 Financial affairs. The bankers’ delay compels Nicaragua to make internal loans of objectionable nature. 1102
Mr. Knox to Mr. Wickersham. July 24 Political affairs. Secretary of War of Nicaragua, General Mena, without knowledge of the President has placed an order for two armed launches and other war material. This may be preparatory to a revolution. Requests investigation. 1026
68 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox. July 31 Same subject. Relates details of the coup d’état attempted by the Minister of War, General Mena, on July 29, 1912. 1027
Messrs. Brown & Seligman to Mr. Knox. Aug. 2 Financial affairs. Transmits correspondence concerning relations of National Bank of Nicaragua to the loans. 1102
Aug. 5 Same subject. Text of the Loan Convention made public. 1103
[Page XCIX] Mr. Knox to President Taft. Aug. 6 Political affairs. The American corporation owning railway Corinto to Granada and certain steamships on inland waters complains that Mena has seized its property. Upon the Minister’s protest to the Government it replied that it was unable to grant the desired protection. The Minister then requested protection from the U. S. S. Annapolis, whose commanding officer sent 100 men to Managua. Recommends sending Marines from Panama. 1032
Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Famine relief. Widespread want approaching famine exists throughout Nicaragua. Inquires whether the American Red Cross can be asked for aid. 1127
Mr. Knox to Mr. Magee. Aug. 6 Same subject. Informs him of report by Mr. Weitzel of Aug. 5 and inquires whether the American Red Cross can send on short notice supplies for noncombatants to be distributed by our representatives. 1127
Mr. Knox to Mr. Dodge (telegram). Aug. 7 Same subject. Informs him of Red Cross authorization of expenditure of $1,000 for Nicaraguan sufferers; the commissary department of Canal Commission will furnish the supplies under his direction; instructs him how to purchase and ship. 1128
Mr. Knox to Mr. Weitzel (telegram). do Same subject. Expenditure of $1,000 authorized by Red Cross. Instructs him to supervise shipment of supplies from Panama. 1128
69 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox. do Political affairs. Gives further particulars of Mena’s coup d’état. 1033
Same to same (telegram) Aug. 8 Famine relief. He has requested $500 worth of supplies. 1128
70 Same to same. Aug. 9 Political affairs. Gives further particulars of political disturbance, and measures taken by the Legation for the protection of life and property. 1034
46 Mr. Adee to Mr. Weitzel. Aug. 17 Same subject. Incloses despatch from Costa Rica regarding rumor of invasion of Nicaragua. 1037
Mr. Adee to Messrs. Brown and Seligman. Aug. 19 Financial affairs. Acknowledges their Aug. 2. This Government always exercises every proper effort to protect legitimate interests abroad, but can not undertake to guarantee investments; it declines to express an opinion as to the attitude it might take toward anticipated occurrences that might warrant representations of this Government. 1103
71 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox. Aug. 23 Political affairs. Gives further particulars concerning peace proposals and protest against bombarding of Managua. Arrival of 250 marines from the Canal Zone. 1037
Same to same (telegram). do Famine relief. Reports progress of distribution of supplies. 1129
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Magee. Aug. 26 Same subject. Informs him of the relief work accomplished. 1129
72 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox. Aug. 30 Political affairs. Further particulars regarding measures taken for the protection of life and property of foreigners. 1040
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Heimké (telegram). Sept. 4 Same subject. Quotes telegram from President of Salvador to the President suggesting intervention of some third person. Instructs him to present the President’s reply declining to entertain the suggestion and regretting the attitude of Salvador. 1042
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Weitzel (telegram). Sept. 4 Same subject. Instructs him to present to the Foreign Office, unofficially to communicate to the rebels, and make public the authorized declaration of policy of the United States in the present disturbances in Nicaragua. 1043
Mr. Magee to Mr. Wilson. do Famine relief. Refers to Mr. Wilson’s suggestion of the need for further aid, and authorizes expenditure of an additional $1,000. 1129
Mr. Adee to Mr. Weitzel (telegram). Sept. 5 Same subject. Informs him of the additional $1,000 available. 1139
73 Mr. Weitzel to Mr. Knox. Sept. 8 Political affairs. Gives particulars of measures taken in behalf of Americans and other foreigners at Matagalpa. 1044
Mr. Andrews to Mr. Knox. Sept. 10 Same subject. Incloses telegrams from the fleet regarding Nicaraguan conditions. 1045
Mr. Hinckley to Mr. Knox (telegram). do Same subject. At an anti-American mass meeting in San Salvador the President of Salvador urged the disembarkation of American Marines as at the request of Nicaragua, and declared a friendly attitude of the United States toward Salvador. 1046
[Page C]52 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Weitzel. Sept. 11 Same subject. Incloses despatch from American Minister to Salvador concerning the attitude of Salvador and other Central Amer