The Secretary of State to the Italian Ambassador.

No. 425.]

Excellency: In reply to your note of the 24th ultimo, in the matter of the protest of S. Rae & Co., of Leghorn, against the alleged [Page 908] refusal of this Government to admit Tuscan olive oil labeled as Lucca oil unless made in or exported from Lucca, I have the honor to inclose a copy of a letter from the Secretary of Agriculture stating the views of his department.

Accept, etc.,

Elihu Root.

The Secretary of Agriculture to the Secretary of State.

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 30th ultimo, inclosing a copy of a protest from the Leghorn Chamber of Commerce and Arts transmitted through the Italian ambassador. In reply, I beg to say that the notice which was given out by our Boston laboratory relative to a shipment of oil designated as Lucca oil and not manufactured in the immediate neighborhood of Lucca was based on inforamtion which the department had received that the Lucca oil was understood to be that manufactured in the locality mentioned.

The statement of S. Rae & Co., in a pamphlet circulated by this firm, marked “Prima arborum,” on page 24, is as follows:

No olive oil produced elsewhere in Italy, or in any part of France, can compare with the best Tuscan oil, which it is the privilege of the neighboring provinces of Lucca and Pisa to produce. The other sections of Tuscany, namely, Florence, Siena, and Grosseto, produce good qualities, but not equal to the oils of Lucca and Pisa.

From the information recently received through your department from various consular officers it appears that the present contention of S. Rae & Co. is correct and that the statement taken from their advertising matter is untrue. As far as practicable it is the desire of this department to restrict the use of geographical names to their proper meaning. It is not intended, however, that an unfair decision shall be made, and pending further inquiry in the matter, no objection will be made to Tuscan olive oil branded as Lucca oil.

I have, etc.,

James Wilson.