Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States, With the Annual Message of the President Transmitted to Congress December 3, 1906, (In two parts), Part I
Minister Rockhill to the Secretary of State.
Peking, China, January 17, 1906.
Sir: With reference to this legation’s dispatches numbered 1609 and 1831, of May 17, 1904,a and March 9, 1905,b respectively, with regard to the opening of Chi-nan-fu to foreign trade, I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of a note received from the foreign office under date of the 2d instant, transmitting the regulations concerning the “Leasing of land and the building of houses at the international settlement of Chi-nan-fu” and the “police regulations” for the same port.
The note states that the 16th day of the twelfth moon (January 10, 1906) has been decided upon as the date for the opening of the port.
I have the honor, etc.
The Prince of Ch’ing to Minister Rockhill.
Sir: I have the honor to remind your excellency that China voluntarily opened a place outside the walls of Chi-nan-fu as a commercial port and announced that Wei-hsien and Chouts’un would be opened as branches of this port. The regulations respecting the opening of these places were sent to you by my board on March 2, 1905, as the records show.
I now have the honor to state that I have received a further communication from the superintendent of trade for the north and the governor of Shantung in the matter. They have made further proposals regarding the said commercial ports and have drawn up renting and building regulations (15 articles) and police regulations (14 articles), both of which have been read and approved by my board as experimental rules. The viceroy and governor have further reported that they have chosen the 16th day of the twelfth moon (January 10, 1906) as the date for the opening of the ports, and that, having had printed copies made of the renting and building and police regulations, they inclose several for the board.
It becomes my duty, therefore, to send this dispatch to your excellency to inform you of the date of the opening of Chi-nan-fu and the branch ports, and [Page 163] I also inclose printed copies of the regulations for renting and building, and the police regulations, for your excellency’s information.
A necessary dispatch.
regulations concerning the leasing of land and the building of houses at the international settlement of chi-nan-fu, shantung.
1. A memorial respecting the matter having been submitted to the Throne, an imperial rescript has sanctioned the opening by China herself of a location outside the west barrier of Chinan as a port of international trade under conditions entirely different from those according to which certain ports have been opened by treaty; and within the boundaries fixed for said settlement foreign merchants of all nationalities and Chinese merchants are permitted to lease ground and reside together without distinction. The control of all affairs therein shall pertain entirely to China; foreigners must not interfere.
2. The boundaries fixed for the said settlement outside the west barrier (Hai-kuan) of Chinan are as follows:
Beginning on the east at Shih-wang-tien and extending to Nan-ta-huai-shu on the west; on the south bounded by the Ch’ang-ch’ing Road, and on the north by the Kiaochow-Chinan Railway, all the territory within said boundaries being set aside for the occupation of Chinese and foreigners as a port of international trade. These boundaries are all marked by stone pillars, erected for the purpose, and all merchants who are moral men and women of means may lease ground and build residences or business houses within these boundaries, provided they comply with the regulations.
3. As to the method of leasing ground, all lands within the boundaries of the international settlement must first have a fair valuation made and price fixed by the local authorities and must be purchased by them, after which such lands may be leased. This is done to prevent such evils as holding lands for a rise and the demand for extortionate prices. Any transfer of lands privately by the people will be considered null and void.
- All lands within the international settlement will be plotted and divided into four classes, marked on the plot with the four characters: Fu, lu, shou, shi. Lands belonging to the class marked “fu” will pay an annual rental of $36 per mou; those marked “lu” an annual rental of $24 per mou; those marked “shou” an annual rental of $16, and those marked “shi” an annual rental of $10.
- With the exception of the lands reserved for the customs, the erection of public offices, the use of various bureaus, markets, public gardens, and other public institutions, Chinese and foreign merchants may register an application with the bureau of works for any lands within the boundaries of the international settlement, stating in their application what piece of what class they desire, and must agree to pay the rental fixed for that class of land, and as evidence of good faith must make a deposit of approximately one-tenth of the rent of the land, after which the bureau of works will measure the land leased, and the chief administrative office will notify the superintendent (Taot’ai) yamen. If a foreign merchant should desire to lease land, he ought to make application through the nearest consular officer of his nationality, who will communicate with the superintendent, and thus secure the lease.
- After the land shall have been measured and the lease completed, the amount of the bargain money deposited will be deducted from the rent due.
- Each landholder may lease at the most 10 mou ana ought not to lease less than 2 mou. If a company is being established, and its business can not be carried on without a large amount of land, the circumstances must first be reported clearly to the superintendent, who will investigate and deal with the matter.
- In measuring land the official kung (equals 25 Chinese square feet) shall be used, 240 kung being the equivalent of 1 mou—that is, in the foot of the board of works, 6,000 square feet.
(4) The amount of the annual land rent, reckoned at so much per mou, and the amount of the annual land tax, at $2 per mou, will be collected from [Page 164] the renter at the due date by the bureau of works and be forwarded by it to the superintendent, who will issue stamped receipts. When the lease of a piece of ground has been agreed to, the land rent for the remainder of the year, reckoning from the date of the lease, and one year’s land tax shall be paid in full, and thereafter the annual rental and the annual land tax shall both be paid uniformly in full in the first moon of the Chinese calendar. If the land rent and the land tax shall remain unpaid in full for more than a year, the deed of lease for the said piece of ground shall be canceled, and, if no building shall have been erected upon it, it shall become public property. If buildings shall have been erected thereon, they shall be sold at auction, and after deducting from the price received the amount of the rent and taxes due, the balance shall be paid to the original leaseholder. If the leaseholder be a foreigner, action in the matter shall be taken in conjunction with the consular authorities of his nationality.
5. When land has been leased the superintendent shall seal and issue a deed of lease, which shall be forwarded through the bureau of works to the leaseholder. If he be a foreigner, the superintendent may also give notice through a dispatch to the nearest consular officer of his nationality, that a record of the same may be made.
- If a deed of lease be injured or lost, it will be necessary to make a clear report of the circumstances, and obtain reliable security, as well as to publish a notice in the press, and only after a lapse of three months may the deed be replaced.
- If a leaseholder should desire to transfer his lease, he will be permitted to transfer only the whole plot; the deed can not be divided.
- If the receiver of a transferred lease be a foreigner the only proper method of procedure will be for his consul to send notice.
- If the transferee be a Chinese, the original leaseholder must accompany him to the board of works, where both shall sign a petition (for transfer) and give up the old deed of lease for a new one.
- The period for which a transferred lease shall be written shall be reckoned from the date of transfer and terminate in accordance with the provisions of article 6.
- If a leaseholder, being a foreigner, shall return to his own country, or if any other unforeseen circumstances should arise, it will be necessary for his heirs or his agent to give notice thereof, and also to have a record of the same made at the consulate.
- If a leaseholder shall mortgage his leasehold and the property erected thereon, no matter whether to a Chinese or foreigner, he must report the same to the bureau of works for registry. If he be a foreigner, action must be taken in conjunction with his consul, who shall witness (the mortgage) by his signature.
- Within three years after the granting of a lease for a piece of ground, buildings must be erected thereon. If within the time specified no buildings shall have been erected and the leaseholder be a person of no property, his deed of lease may be canceled and the land become public property, and the land rent and taxes already paid shall not be refunded. If buildings are being erected and have not been completed, an extension of time may be granted after consideration of the case, and the leaseholder shall be required to complete the buildings within the additional time allowed.
6. The deed of lease shall be given for a period of thirty years, at the expiration of which time the lease may be renewed for not more than thirty years additional. But at the time of renewal, if trade shall be in a prosperous condition, it will be allowable to investigate the circumstances and increase the rental. If the lease be not renewed at the expiration of the period mentioned, the deed of lease for the said property shall be canceled, and the property become public.
If at the expiration of sixty years the Imperial Government should desire to purchase back the property within the boundaries of the international settlement, it may request arbitrators to fix a fair valuation for the whole, at which price it may be bought back, and no person of whatever nationality may make objection thereto. If the Government should not desire to repurchase, arrangements may be made for continuing the lease.
7. It will not be permitted within the boundaries of the international settlement to build any thatched houses or any cheap frame houses, lest fires should break out and injure other buildings. Anyone desiring to build must first present a petition to that effect to the bureau of works and notify the police [Page 165] authorities, and only after they shall have conferred together and given their consent may the work of building commence. No gunpowder nor any other explosive dangerous to life and property, nor any substance injurious to the health of the community, may be stored, carried secretly, manufactured, or shipped. Any disobedience, upon its discovery, will be punished according to the laws of the country concerned.
- Leaseholders will be permitted to build at their pleasure storied buildings or one-storied godowns, except that they must send the plans of such buildings to the bureau of works for inspection to determine whether or not they may be of such a character as to prejudice the general welfare and whether the materials are of sufficient strength. Should they be objectionable in regard to the matters mentioned, the bureau of works will consider and require such changes as may be necessary, and the leaseholder must comply.
- When the leaseholder submits the plans of his building the bureau of works must give it prompt consideration, so that the work may be begun.
- After work has been commenced, the bureau of works will depute some one from time to time to visit the place where the work is being done to inspect it, and, if anything is found to be unsatisfactory, there should be mutual consultation to secure an amicable adjustment.
- When a leaseholder is building a house, the earth required for filling in the foundation must be brought from a distance; he must not obtain it by making excavations within the limits of the settlement.
- Anyone building a new house within the limits of the settlement, or remodeling an old one, must first construct drains to carry off: foul water, one or more as may be necessary, and such, drains must connect with those constructed by the bureau of works, so that the accumulations of water may be drained off.
- As to the method of building the drain, the materials of which it is to be constructed, its size, the distance below the surface of the ground at which it will be laid, and the grade, as well as how it shall be connected with the large drain, the lease-holder must comply in every respect with the orders of the bureau of works.
- The bureau of works may from time to time establish regulations with regard to the safety of buildings, the cleaning of drains, and the prompt removal of offensive garbage from any premises, and every leaseholder must comply therewith so as to preserve good health.
- Any leaseholder who undertakes any work of repair or construction requiring the disturbance of the soil or affecting the public interest must first obtain a permit from the bureau of public works.
- If it should be necessary to use gunpowder or other explosive in the work to be done, it will be necessary first to lay the matter before the superintendent and request his instructions. In the case of a foreigner he must make application through his nearest consular officer, who will send a dispatch to the superintendent. The latter will notify the chief administrative office of the international settlement, when only permission may be given, on condition that a safe place be selected to store the explosive and that it be speedily used. No one will be allowed to keep such explosives or employ them at his pleasure, or to make a long delay in using them. Should there be any disobedience the superintendent will appoint an officer, due notice being given to any consul concerned, to destroy the said explosives or to remove them to a place outside the settlement, so as to preserve the safety of the settlement.
- As kerosene is a very inflammable article, it must be treated according to the regulations generally adopted at all ports. No one will be permitted to store it at his own pleasure.
8. As merchants of various nationalities will reside in the international settlement, the Chinese local authorities must give them due protection according to the treaties.
With respect to public works and police matters, the superintendent will consult with the chief administrative office of the settlement and establish a bureau, which will appoint officers to take charge of them.
As to the regulations with regard to the establishment of customs, the superintendent will at a future date investigate the conditions, and, as occasion may require, will consult with the commissioner of customs and deal with the matter. For the construction of roads, the support of police, the lighting, sweeping, and sprinkling of streets, the construction of sewers, China will at first appropriate the money herself; but fees for licenses, the police tax, house [Page 166] tax, shop tax, hong tax, the vehicle tax, are all such taxes as ought to be collected in international settlements, and although for the time being, on the first opening of the port, they will not be collected, the superintendent and the chief administrative office of the settlement will hereafter, as occasion may arise, take the matter into consideration and deal with it.
9. If any (public) work of a special character should be undertaken in the international settlement, or a public garden should be made, the cost of the same must be levied pro rata on the leaseholders. All (such) matters shall be dealt with by three parties acting in conjunction: (1) The superintendent and the chief administrative office, (2) the consuls of the various powers, and (3) one Chinese and one foreign representative chosen by the leaseholders.
10. A port of international trade having been opened outside the city of Chinan, within the boundaries of said settlement, foreign merchants may pass to and fro as they please, bring their families and reside and do business there, but all places inside or outside the city, including such as are adjacent to the settlement, must be considered as under the inland regulations, so that a clear distinction may be made. If in the future the trade of the place should become so flourishing that the limits of the settlement should be too confined for the purposes of trade and residence an investigation of the facts may be made and the matter of extending the settlement be taken into consideration.
11. In the future a convenient place near the settlement will be selected for the establishment of a foreign cemetery in which foreign residents may bury their dead. Chinese officials must make earnest efforts to have all Chinese graves within the boundaries of the settlement removed, but, if this should really be difficult, the bureau of works may investigate the facts and may permit the family concerned to build a wall around them and cut them off, but no more burials must be made in such plots. Should foreigners in their excavations in the settlement for the construction of foundations or drains happen upon human bones, they should at once report to the bureau of works, which will take steps to have them properly buried. They must not be lightly thrown away.
12. The postal and telegraph services are under the jurisdiction of China, and such services within the international settlement must be established by China; no other country may establish them. This is to be clearly understood. As to telephones, electric lighting, water works, etc., Chinese merchants will be invited to undertake them; foreigners must not interest themselves in them.
13. The two branch ports, Wei Hsien and Chou Ts’un will also be administered according to these regulations, and all matters pertaining to them will be under the jurisdiction of China.
14. The above regulations and the separate regulations adopted for the control of police affairs, although put into operation experimentally for the time being, must all be subscribed to by all persons who desire to lease land, in token of their willingness to comply with the same, and without this no lease may be granted.
15. Matters of subordinate importance and such as are not referred to in these regulations may be dealt with from time to time by the addition of new regulations or the amendment of these.
police regulations for the port of chi-nan-fu.
- In the commercial port west of Chinanfu, outside the walls of the city, there shall be established a bureau of police for the protection of merchants and other citizens and their affairs. It shall be under the joint direction of the superintendent and the general managing board of the port. (Same as chief administrative office in foregoing regulations.)
- There shall be one chief of police at the head of this bureau. If he does not thoroughly and conscientiously perform his duties, or if in the performance thereof he deserves special praise or commendation, it shall be the duty of the general managing board and the superintendent to jointly consider and deal with the matter.
- The bureau of police shall establish a hall for deliberation, and a jail.
- The superintendent and the general board shall decide upon the
number of policemen to be employed and shall select and appoint
them. The bureau [Page 167] of
police shall petition for permission to deal with all matters
relating to the matter of patrolling and making arrests; the
clothes to be worn by the policemen and the weapons to be
carried; also the monthly remuneration for them in the form of
money and food; and later on all matters relating to promotion,
degradation, and dismissal. The above-mentioned policemen, when
once employed by the bureau of police, shall always respectfully
act in accordance with the directions of the chief in all
matters relating to the day and night turn of duty, the search
for and arrest of bandits, the prohibition of gambling,
fighting, speeding horses, firing guns, raising a hubbub on the
streets, throwing bricks, stones, or other missiles without
cause, etc., and the disobedience of the regulations for wheeled
vehicles. If anything out of the ordinary is met with, the
policeman should report it at once to the bureau that it may be
investigated. All policemen must live and take their meals at
the station. They will not be allowed to live or take their
meals elsewhere, to go away any time they please, to take
bribes, to make arrests or release people on their own
authority, to buy things by force, to extort money, or to use
their position to impose upon people. If perchance anyone
disobeys this rule, or if anyone is accused by a merchant or
other citizen of having done so, the chief of police shall make
a thorough investigation of the case and punish the offender to
the full extent of the law. Furthermore, everyone in the employ
of the bureau of police, including the chief, the assistants,
the policemen, and runners, shall be allowed to do nothing but
attend to his own particular share of the public business; he
shall not be permitted, either, to go into any kind of business
- When any new regulations shall have been issued which people have not been able to become thoroughly acquainted with, it shall be the duty of the police to make it known to the people in plain words—they must not act forcibly.
- Policemen shall enforce all prohibitions which are necessary, and if there are some places where the regulations are not complete, it shall be the duty of the chief to weigh the conditions and instruct his men as soon as possible:
- The fundamental reason for the establishment of a police
department is to protect the port and keep the peace, and any
Chinese or foreign merchant who does not observe in any
particular the regulations which it is necessary to make will,
upon discovery by the police, be reported immediately to the
bureau, and his case will be investigated and dealt with. When
an officer of police is deputed by his superior to make an
inquiry into any matter, no one is permitted to disregard him or
obstruct his work.
- It shall be necessary to obtain permits to open any Chinese inn, saloon, restaurant, theater (large or small), tobacco or tea shop; and policemen on duty must be allowed to enter such places at any time to see that none of the regulations of the port are being broken.
- If there be any smelting or refining plants erected, or any candle or soap factories (in fact, any industry established which should be forbidden or restricted as to the size, etc.), or if anything be started which is detrimental or dangerous to the life or energies of man, whether it be owned by a Chinese or a foreigner, it shall be the duty of the police to make a detailed investigation of the matter and report to the bureau of police, that the proper prohibitions or restrictions may be made. Then, if these are disobeyed, the offender will both be punished by such a fine as is imposed at the various other ports and will also be allowed a certain number of days in which to leave the concession.
- Policemen may at any time arrest persons for any of the following offenses: Murder, housebreaking, plundering, wounding a man with a knife or other deadly weapon, rape, blocking the road by night, cutting purses (picking pockets) by night or day, counterfeiting coins, deceiving or defrauding people under a false name, etc. If, while in the act of arresting a criminal, the offender escapes by entering and concealing himself in someone’s house, the policeman many enter the house in pursuit. If the door is locked the policeman, on stating the case clearly, may enter the door and arrest his man, but this only holds in important cases, and extra care must be taken in the exercise of the privilege. If the matter is not an important one it should be reported to the bureau for action. If a policeman hears fighting going on behind closed doors and fears that it is a matter which concerns life and death, he may break down the door and enter. If a thief forces open a door, and after entering closes it tight again so that the policeman has no means of entry, then, also, may the policeman break down the door and enter. If a policeman sees a man of suspicious appearance and movements who looks as though he were about to commit some evil deed or had already committed one, he may place him [Page 168] under arrest. Policemen shall at once arrest any violently intoxicated people, armed disturbers of the peace, bearers of burglar’s tools or concealed firearms, knives, etc. If a policeman meet a man in the night who has (evidently) committed some crime he shall arrest the man at once. Also, if a man be going along carrying a bundle, the policeman shall ask him what is in the bundle, where he came from, and where he is going; if evasive answers are given to these questions he shall be arrested. This does not apply to the daytime, however. If, perchance, the bearer of a bundle has been guilty of a previous crime, then the same action may be taken in his case. If anyone go up to a policeman and say that he suspects so and so to be guilty of a certain crime, then the policeman must go with the informer to the police station to make a clear statement of the case, after which the policeman may place the suspected man under arrest.
- Policemen shall arrest anyone they see defacing or otherwise damaging the street signs, numbers on the houses, street lamps, or lamp posts; also anyone putting out the lights at night without authority; tearing down “for rent” signs on houses or lands; defacing or maltreating doors, walls, balustrades, trees along the streets, or paving stones; they shall also arrest burden bearers whom they may see stealing or extracting things from their loads.
- If there are any houses being torn down, or any new ones being built, or if there are any pitfalls in the road or any obstruction to traffic, the police must report the matter at once to the bureau for action.
- All stores or shops having signs, awnings, etc., must hang them at such a height that the traffic of the street will not be obstructed, i. e., so that they will not interfere with a man walking. Anyone disregarding this provision will be reported by the police to the bureau for action in the matter.
- Chair bearers, water carriers, and burden bearers must keep in the middle of the street. Carriages, carts ‘rikishas, etc., must keep to the left. No old, infirm, filthy, or diseased carters (or rikisha men) will be allowed. It shall be forbidden to overload carts or to use dilapidated vehicles, to stop them so as to block the street, or to drive them at night without a lantern; also to try unbroken horses or to put a sick horse in harness. The police shall arrest all those who disregard this rule and send them to the station to be dealt with.
- Families who keep dogs must hang a wooden tag on the necks of the dogs, upon which is clearly written the name and residence of the owner. All domestic animals seen running at large without a keeper will be caught and sent to the station and will be kept there until the owner comes to claim his property.
- The refuse matter of each store and residence within the port shall be gathered together every night between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and placed in front of the door of the house, where it can be conveniently taken by a special scavenger, who will cart it away and dump it in a place pointed out for that purpose. Except between these hours it will not be permissible to throw or deposit any refuse matter in the streets.
- Large and small privies will be built and no one will be allowed to commit a nuisance on the streets or alleys.
- The bureau of police shall establish a court room for hearing
and deciding cases. It shall be under the jurisdiction of a
special deputy appointed by the superintendent. All minor cases
that come up within the limits of the port, such as fights,
petty thefts, disobedience of the rules of the port, etc., shall
be tried by the above-mentioned deputy. Chinese who have not
conformed to the rules of the port will be fined and dealt with
by him also. In the case of foreigners whose governments have no
treaty with China it will be the duty of the deputy to deal with
them the same as with Chinese. Cases concerning indebtedness,
civil suits, etc., also very important cases, such as involving
kidnapping or loss of life, for instance, shall be referred to
the district magistrate for Li-ch’eng Hsien for trial. If a
foreigner bring a suit against a Chinaman, the local Chinese
officials shall try the case, but if a Chinaman brings suit
against a foreigner, then the consul for the foreigner’s country
must be asked to try the case. If the prosecutor is a foreigner,
an official of his country may go to the court and act as
assessor. If the assessor thinks the case was hot carried on
satisfactorily, he may discuss and debate the matter thoroughly
in all its details with the judge, that there may be no
favoritism shown on either side, but as to the decision of the
case this rests with the judge alone. Foreigners whose
governments have no treaties with China and who consequently
have no consuls to protect them will, if they have broken the
laws or been sued, be judged by the proper local officials. [Page 169]
- A detailed monthly report of the business of the court shall be given to the superintendent for his examination.
- At the end of each month the investigations, decisions, and sentences of the court, together with the reasons for the action taken in all cases dealt with during the month, shall be copied out and hung before the door for the general information of the public.
- The officials of Lich’eng Hsien shall copy out a memorandum of all the cases dealt with by them in connection with the commercial port, including what action was taken. This to be a monthly report to be sent to the bureau of police, where it will be hung up.
- If the local authorities wish to arrest anyone within the limits of the port, they must ask the bureau of police to send one or more of its own men to assist in the arrest. Likewise, if the bureau of police wishes to arrest anyone outside the limits of the port, they must ask the local officials to send one or more of their police to assist.
- When actually in pursuit of a criminal, however, no matter whether he is escaping from outside into the limits of the port or vice versa the pursuers need not stop at the boundary, but may continue the pursuit. But persons arrested outside the settlement must be turned over to the local officials for keeping, and those arrested inside the settlement must be turned over to the bureau of police. Afterwards it will be decided whether the prisoner’s offense is heavy or light, and whether the local officials or the court shall have charge of his trial and punishment.
- When it is desired to summon a foreigner to court, the chief
of police shall communicate with the foreigner’s consul, who
will issue a summons to bring the man to court. When it is
desired to summon a foreigner who has no consul, or a Chinese
merchant who has overstepped the law, the bureau of police may
issue the summons. If a reputable citizen of means points out a
man as a transgressor of the law, the police shall arrest him at
once, even without a warrant. Likewise, if a policeman sees a
criminal act committed, or knows a man to have committed one, he
shall arrest him at once, even without a warrant, and send him
to the station, where his case may be inquired into. This is
done to prevent men from dodging around and secretly making
their escape. Suspicious characters and men carrying forbidden
articles concealed on their persons will be arrested and dealt
with as is done in other ports. If upon investigation a man’s
offense is found to be light, and he wishes to be admitted to
bail, the bureau may consider the matter and release the man
temporarily; then, if he presents himself at the court at the
time of trial, the amount of the bail shall be refunded to him;
but if not, then the amount of his bail shall revert to the
state as a fine. If a man who could be admitted to bail finds
that he can not furnish the money at the time, he may be allowed
to ask someone to guarantee him, but the guarantor must leave a
written statement for reference.
- Anyone who has been arrested by the police must be sent to the court room for trial within twenty-four hours from the time of his arrest. If for any reason this can not be done, the limit may be extended a little, but the reason for the extension must be clearly stated; the police may not arbitrarily prolong the detention.
- Policemen shall not illtreat prisoners in any way while under arrest before trial. Disobedience will be severely punished.
- Policemen are altogether prohibited from illicitly beating, confining, or discharging prisoners. Offenders of this rule will be severely punished.
- When a man is arrested by the police he should be searched to see that he carries no forbidden articles on his person, and care should be taken to guard against his throwing any such articles away. If anything of the kind should be found on him it should be taken away. Whatever a man says at the time of the arrest and whatever he has on his person should be carefully noted. When two men together have committed any crime they shall not, at the time of their arrest, or when being sent to the station, be allowed to have any private conversation with each other.
- Anyone who resists an officer or attempts to rescue an arrested man shall be liable to arrest, and the same applies to anyone who interferes with an officer in the performance of his duty. If anyone draws a weapon in a quarrel he shall be arrested immediately, and the weapon shall be brought in as evidence at the trial.
- If any foreign consul wishes to arrest one of his nationals he may, whether the man be on a boat or on land, write and request the chief of police [Page 170] to send officers to his assistance. When the said officers have made the arrest the chief of police shall act as shown in Article VII. If the superintendent has occasion to make a similar request of the consul he shall also act in the same manner.
- If a fire should break out unexpectedly anywhere in the
settlement policemen shall immediately be sent to the scene to
afford protection and arrest thieves. Officers appointed on such
duty can not leave their posts of their own accord.
- If a policeman on duty sees a fire start within his district he shall do all in his power toward rendering assistance. He should first arouse the people in the house and ascertain the size of the fire; if he can put it out himself he need not send in the alarm to the station; but if the fire can not easily be put out then the people in the house or the policeman should immediately report the matter to the bureau.
- In cases of large fires not easily put out the policeman on the scene shall render all the assistance in their power in the interval before the arrival of the men from the station. If it is a store or an inn that is burning they should immediately devote all their energies toward saving life and property; if it is a dwelling house they should first save life, but they shall not on any account let any evil doers enter the house. If the fire has not penetrated the roof, the people inside and out should be told that they must not lightly open up the walls, doors, windows, etc., for if the air be once allowed to get through the fire will increase rapidly.
- The bureau of police shall keep a classified register of all its work. For convenience of reference the following points shall be clearly entered in the register: The year, month, day, and hour of each case; the name of the man; his nationality; and the nature of the offense; also the nationality of the informant or prosecutor and the nature of the accusation, and finally the disposition of the case. If any officials or reputable citizens of means come to the bureau and request to see this register permission shall always be given.
- Daily food and drink shall be furnished for all prisoners by the bureau of police. All officials and reputable citizens of means shall be allowed to visit and inspect the jail.
- The necessary monthly expenses of the bureau of police will be sent by the superintendent to the general managing board, who will forward it to the chief of police for distribution. The chief of police shall make out a pay roll and send it to the general managing board for their inspection, after which it will be sent to the superintendent for his examination and record. A statement of the amount of fines collected each month shall also be sent to the superintendent, and a list of the same shall be hung out in front of the office for the information of the general public.
- A bureau of police shall be established at Weihsien and Chou-ts’un, whose petty officers and policemen shall be appointed by and under the direction of the Chinan bureau of police.
- The above regulations are for experimental operation; alterations therein may be made at any time.