Baron von Thielmann to Mr. Olney.
Washington, August 7, 1896.
Mr. Secretary of State: Mr. Theodore Runyon, the recently deceased United States ambassador at Berlin, repeatedly, and for the last time in his note of September 18, 1895, called the attention of the foreign office to the question of the importation of cattle and beef from the United States into Germany, and stated in this last note that no case of lung disease (pleuro-pneumonia) had occurred in the United States for years; that at that time the cattle of the United States were free from Texas fever, and that even in case of the accidental occurrence of Texas fever no infection from that disease was to be feared, because the exported cattle, as a rule, were intended for immediate slaughter.
I have received instructions to transmit to your excellency, in reply to the above-mentioned note from Ambassador Runyon, the inclosed memorandum, which is based upon a decision of the imperial sanitary bureau, and from the contents of which your excellency will gather the reasons which make it appear to the Imperial Government, in the interests of the German cattle breeding, unadvisable to repeal at the present time the prohibition in question.
The United States, by section 17 of the tariff act of August 28, 1894, still in force, prohibited, in the interests of its own cattle industry, the importation of cattle from any country in the world, and it is only a short time ago that an exception was granted in the case of some few countries by the proclamation of the President of the United States, dated November 8, 1895. The United States Government must therefore admit the right of other countries to protect their own cattle industry in like manner. That, however, such protection, especially against [Page 165]Texas fever, still appears necessary, in spite of Ambassador Runyon’s assurances to the contrary, is shown with certainty by the fact that certain States of the Union, as, for example, Kentucky, by the quarantine proclamation of July 25, 1895, of the State board of health, have entirely closed their territory against the importation of Southern cattle during nine months of the year. Moreover, a quarantine proclamation of the State of Colorado, dated February 13, 1896, and consequently subsequent to Ambassador Runyon’s last note, asserts the existence of Texas fever in the Southern States.
With regard to lung diseases among the cattle of the United States, I may at the same time call attention to the fact that the State of New Hampshire, only a few days ago, issued a quarantine ordinance expressly prescribing the “tuberculine” test for all cattle hereafter imported into New Hampshire. It thus appears that the existence of lung diseases among the cattle of other States of the Union is regarded there as certain.
- U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, 8th and 9th Annual Repts. of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the years 1891–92, Washington, 1893, p. 178.↩
- Regulation for Cattle Transportation: Rules and Regulations governing the Operations of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Washington, 1895, p. 26.↩
- Original Investigations in Cattle Diseases in Nebraska: Southern Cattle Plague, 3d ed., Lincoln, Nebr., 1893.↩
- Board of Agriculture: Annual Rept. of the Director of the Veterinary Dept. for the year 1893, London, 1894, p. 129.↩