Mr. Adams to Mr. Blaine.
Petropolis, November 27, 1889. (Received December 23.)
Sir: I have the honor to continue my report on the recent revolution. Before the departure of the ex-Emperor, the continuance of his present income from the state was guarantied to him by the provisional government, at least until the meeting of the new assembly, and further in consideration of his immediate and peaceful departure, $500,000 was offered to him, and upon its acceptance, the grant was confirmed by decree No. 2, a translation of which is inclosed.
It is proper to state that on the morning of the 16th my colleagues proposed that the diplomatic corps should make a demonstration on behalf of the Emperor, by going in a body to the palace and demanding to see him. This proposition was politely but firmly declined by me, in which position I was sustained by the French chargé d’affaires. Later we both separately called at the palace but were refused admittance by the guards, although I stated my official position and requested my card to be sent to the Emperor.
On Monday, 18th instant, Rio resumed its usual avocations. The military patrol was withdrawn. The provisional government was completed as follows: “Chefe,” Marechal Deodoro da Fonseca; minister of interior, Aristides da Silva Lobo; war, Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin Constant; finance, Ruy Barbosa; navy, Eduardo Wandenkolk; foreign affairs, Quintino Bocayuva; agriculture, José de Mirandá Ribeiro; justice, Manoel Ferros de Campos Salles.
On November 19 the several legations received from the foreign office a circular (translation inclosed) whereupon I immediately cabled the Department for instructions. On the 20th instant the Department’s [Page 64] cable, dated November 19, was received. The mail and train for the day having left Petropolis, a telegram was sent to the minister of exterior relations as follows:
I am instructed by my Government, by cable, you will maintain diplomatic relations with the provisional government of Brazil.
Robert Adams, Jr.,
United States Minister.
To which an acknowledgment was received same day by telegraph. On the same day a letter was addressed to the foreign office conveying the same intelligence.
A letter was addressed to the consul-general communicating the instructions of the Department and requesting him to inform the several consuls thereof by telegraph.
A copy of the translation of decree No. 4, relating to the adoption of the new national colors, is inclosed. This completes the record to date.
The provisional government continues to perfect its organization, and so far perfect order reigns in the provinces. The former presidents of the provinces have all been removed and new ones appointed with absolute powers, chosen chiefly from the military class. The provincial assemblies have also been abolished and no word is heard of an election for a national congress to adopt a constitution. Many of the men formerly prominent in public affairs, both Imperialists and Liberals, while accepting the present order of things, stand aloof and seem to be waiting. The future is not assured, and no one can predict for this country of the unexpected.
In conclusion, allow me to express my appreciation of the confidence the Department reposed in my judgment and its prompt action on my suggestions. Fully conscious of the responsible position, I have endeavored to act most conservatively, and have reported nothing but verified facts to the Department. Of course the air was charged with rumors. On the 17th instant, when the ex-Emperor had accepted the payment of money, thereby acknowledging the new government, and sailed away, I felt justified in advising the Government to recognize the Republic, fully assured it would redound to our future advantage. The frequent allusions in ail demonstrations here to our country, and the numerous telegrams and congratulations received at this legation, tend to confirm this opinion.
All of which I trust will meet with the approbation of the President and the Department.
I am, etc.,