to Mr. Evarts.
St. Petersburg , October 20, 1880. (Received Nov. 11.)
Sir: It becomes my unpleasant duty to report another case of the enforcement against an American citizen of the order prohibiting foreign Jews to reside in St. Petersburg. The first knowledge which I had of the fact was obtained through a letter from Mr. White, our minister in Berlin, a copy of which and of my reply thereto I herewith inclose;
From Mr. White’s letter it will be seen that Mr. Marx Wilczynski, a citizen of the United States, having a passport issued in due form by the legation at Berlin, came to Russia on business as the agent of an American mercantile firm. On the 25th (13th) of last month he was ordered to leave St. Petersburg, the reason alleged for said order being that he was a Jew; and the following indorsement was placed upon his passport by the police authorities.
The bearer of this passport, a North American citizen, a merchant and a Jew, Marx Wilczynski, is forbidden to reside in St. Petersburg.
September 13, 1880.
Chief of section:
[seal of st. petersburg prefecture.]
Mr. Wilczynski states that he had not time when this order was received to apply to this legation for advice and assistance) but having reached Berlin, he now applies to me, through the legation in that city, to have the order of expulsion rescinded, and asks me to inform him what rights, if any, American citizens of the Israelitish faith have in Russia.
Acting upon the tenor of your instructions in the recent case of Mr. Pinkos, I have addressed Baron Jomini, acting minister of foreign affairs, a note, of which I inclose a copy, protesting against the action of the police, as a new infringement upon the rights of American citizens and of international comity, and as an interference with the reciprocal liberty of commerce guaranteed by treaty. After embodying the views expressed in your No. 27, of the 4th ultimo, as cumulative of my note in the Pinkos case, a copy of which I transmitted with my No. 37, of the 16th ultimo, I asked the minister that Mr. Wilczynski might be permitted freely to return to Russia to prosecute his business engagements and that the police authorities of St. Petersburg be instructed not to molest him in his lawful pursuits.
I have received no answer as yet to my note to the minister in the case of Mr. Pinkos.
I am, &c.,