Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Blaine.
Bucharest, April 20, 1881. (Received May 9.)
Sir: * * * I have the honor to inform you that a law has been passed by the Chambers and officially promulgated on April 18, empowering the government to expel from the country foreigners who may compromise public order. A translation of this law is inclosed herewith.
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It was considered necessary to pass this alien law on account of the peculiar situation of the country between Austria and Russia, and especially on account of the recent assassination of the Emperor of Russia. The Russian authorities had for a long time accused the Roumanian Government of allowing Roumania to be made a centre of nihilistic [Page 986]and revolutionary intrigues, and Mr. Bratiano considered some law of this kind as absolutely necessary to preserve good relations with the three empires. Indeed, the recognition of the kingdom was delayed for some days in consequence of the wish of Russia to obtain guaranties of some kind from the Roumanian Government against the Nihilists. After some correspondence between the Governments of Russia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary it was decided not to make any condition to the recognition, and not even to present a written note. The ministers of the three powers were, however, instructed to congratulate on the same day, and in congratulating to add the phrase: “Expressing at the same time the hope that this will serve as a new guarantee for order and for the accomplishment of international obligations.” These exact words were transmitted by telegraph to each of the three ministers by their respective governments.
The law was introduced into the Senate before this declaration was made. In the Chamber it met with considerable opposition, especially among the Liberals, and was passed only with the aid of the conservatives, by 44 against 28, three members not voting. The main provisions of the law, especially article 7 against regicide, were copied from the Belgian law on the same subject, which was passed under somewhat similar circumstances, if I am not mistaken, after the Orsini attempt. Article 6, however, with respect to the necessity of obtaining tickets of residence within ten days, was added in the Senate, and is severely criticized by the foreign representatives here. I agree with the Belgian minister in considering it contrary to the provisions of our treaties with Roumania. He made representations on the subject at the foreign office before the passage of the law, and was informed that the government would always use discretion in carrying it out. * * * In all probability ordinary travelers living at hotels will not be troubled. It should, however, be plainly understood by all Americans coming to Roumania that passports are absolutely necessary.
I have, &c.,