No. 598.
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Blaine.

No. 51.]

Sir: Referring to my dispatch No. 50, dated March 26, I have the honor to inclose herewith (marked 1 and 2) a copy and translation of a note which I have just received from the foreign office, containing the official notification of the proclamation of the kingdom. I also inclose to you (marked 3 to 7) the French translations accompanying the note of Mr. Boeresco. Translations of Nos. 4 and 5 accompanied my dispatch No. 50. Nos. 6 and 7, the speeches of Mr. Bratiano and Mr. Boeresco, in the Chamber, are interesting but not important.

The Belgian Government is the only one thus far which has officially recognized the change of title. The recognition of the other powers will probably follow at once. Baron Haymerle has intimated that there will be no difficulty on the part of Austria-Hungary, and Lord Granville was to receive the Roumanian minister to-day.

The enthusiasm of the population here has been very great, and has been increasing rather than diminishing. On Sunday, the 27th, being the day of the funeral of the late Emperor of Russia, no manifestations were allowed. On the 28th, Monday, there was a te deum at the Metropolitan church in the presence of the King and Queen, who again drove out in the evening through the thronged and illuminated streets. Yesterday there was a parade of the troops, and in the evening there was again an illumination, with the same excitement and enthusiasm among the people.

The step has been accepted, if not thoroughly approved, by the members of the former reigning families, some of whom took part in the act. Prince Michael Sturdza, of Moldavia (the father of the Prince Gregory Sturdza mentioned in my No. 50), the sole surviving Hospodar, who now resides at Paris, has accepted the grand cross of the order of the Star of Roumania.

I have, &c.,

[Inclosure 1 in No. 51.—Translation.]

Mr. Boeresco to Mr. Schuyler.

No. 5023.]

Mr. Chargé d’Affaires: The 14th (26th) of this month the Chambers, having before them a bill originating with a private member, voted unanimously a law which erects Roumania into a kingdom, and which assigns to its sovereign, to its Domnu, as well as to his successors, the title of King of Roumania.

The government was glad to accept this bill, which replied so fully to the frequently manifested wish of the nation, and the law was immediately sanctioned, promulgated, and published.

I have the honor to put at your disposition herewith, in duplicate, a translation of the principal acts and discourses which accompanied this event.

The clearness of the explanations furnished on all sides, in the outburst of a universal patriotic feeling, authorizes the hope that no erroneous interpretation will be given to the grand national act, which I should be glad if you would officially announce to your government.

Roumania in giving the title of King to its sovereign, has only exercised a right inherent in its quality of a free state. Its constant wisdom and moderation in the use [Page 984]of a liberty acquired at the price of its blood are the best guarantees for the future that it will in no way depart from a conduct, thanks to which it has conciliated general esteem and confidence.

The royal government hopes that on the basis of these guarantees, and by virtue of the legitimacy of the modern principle that every nation is free to regulate its destinies as it wishes on condition of doing no injury to the rights of any other nation, the Government of the United States will see with favor a state, which has always received from the great such precious testimony of sympathy, constitute itself officially on the Lower Danube and declare itself a kingdom.

Is there need, besides, to attest that in giving itself the name of kingdom and in offering to its sovereign the title of King, Roumania has no intention of making any innovation or modification in the organization of its internal powers or in its policy and its foreign relations. It proposes simply to strengthen the principle of authority, to give a new guarantee to order and to stability on the Lower Danube; finally, to assure its peaceable and progressive advance in the paths of civilization and internal reform.

We feel assured that foreign powers will take into favorable account the tendencies of a people which, young as it may be in public life, has been able to furnish, in a very short but very full past, the surest proofs of its fitness to be an element of equilibrium and civilization in the east of Europe.

The Government of His Majesty, King Charles I, cherishes then the firm hope that the Government of the United States will recognize with satisfaction the act which has just been accomplished, and will preserve to the Kingdom of Roumania the confidence and cordiality with which it was animated towards the Roumanian principality, since the conditions on which their former relations reposed are not and will not be altered in any respect.

In reiterating to you my request, in the absence of a representative of Romania at Washington, kindly to notify to your government the proclamation of royalty in Roumania, I seize this occasion, Mr. Chargé d’Affaires, to renew to you the assurance of my high consideration.

[Inclosure 2 in No. 51.—Translation.]


  • Article I. Roumania takes the title of kingdom. Its sovereign, Charles I, takes for himself and for his successors the title of King of Roumania.
  • Art. II. The heir to the throne will bear the title of Prince Royal.