Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Seward.

No. 12.]

Sir: On the 15th of April last I left my residence in Ohio for my post, and after a journey of ninety-eight days, the time actually and necessarily occupied in proceeding from my said place of residence to my destination, I arrived in this city, with the full approbation of both parties in this country, on the 22d of July last, and entered upon the discharge of my official duties the next day.

* * * * * * * * *

[Page 1017]

On my arrival here I found the old congress in session, and a regularly organized government established, with General Santos Acosta, the second designado and commander-in-chief of the army, at its head.

Inclosure A is a copy of my letter to the secretary of the interior and foreign relations, announcing my arrival and mission: B is a translation of his reply. C, D—the “Diario Official,” (a translation of which I also inclose you,)—contains an account of the splendid civil and military welcome which I received, my address, and the President’s reply, on the occasion of my being officially presented to him by the secretary of foreign relations on the 25th of July. It is generally admitted by all who were present that this reception was one of the grandest ever accorded to the representative of any foreign government in this country.

The present government has been promptly and fully recognized by all the representatives of foreign governments here; by all the States in the union but Bolivar. It is destined to become popular, and, I hope, permanent. It is composed of the best men in the liberal party, and is warmly supported by the powerful conservatives.

Congress has declared war against the State of Bolivar, and has authorized the President to call out as many troops as he may deem proper to suppress the existing rebellion in that State; and for that purpose the government will in a few days send 3,000 troops to the coast.

General Mosquera has, as I predicted in my dispatch No 4, of May 24th, fallen a sad victim to his insatiable thirst for dictatorial power. He is still in jail. On the 1st instant he addressed a letter (E) to both houses of congress, resigning the presidency of the republic. This will not now be accepted, and he will be tried for treason, either by this or the next congress.

* * * * * * * * *

Just as I was about to close this dispatch I learned, as a fact, that the officer and guards over the penitentiary in this city, bribed by Mosquera’s partizans, had run off with all the convicts, with the view to rise against the government and release Mosquera by force; and that one or two other outbreaks between here and Honda had taken place; but all have been promptly and efficiently checked and baffled by the fidelity of the government troops. Some of these would-be liberators have been caught, and are now in safe keeping.

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,


Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State, Washington, D. C.


Mr. Sullivan to Señor Martin.

Sir: I have the honor to inform you that I have been duly commissioned as minister resident of the United Slates of America to the United States of Colombia; to inclose to you an office copy of my credentials; and to solicit, through your good offices, an audience with the President at as early and convenient a moment as possible.

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,


His Excellency Don Carlos Martin, Secretary of the Interior and Foreign Relations, U. S. C.

[Page 1018]



Mr. Martin to Mr. Sullivan.

The undersigned, secretary of the interior and foreign relations of the United States of Colombia, has had the honor to receive the very attentive communication dated yesterday, which Mr. Peter J. Sullivan was pleased to address him with a view to inform him that he has been appointed minister resident of the United States of America, near the Colombian government, and hand him an official copy of his credentials, soliciting, also, an audience of the citizen President of the republic.

The undersigned, after having acquainted the first magistrate of the nation with the communication to which he has the honor to reply, has the pleasure to inform Mr. Sullivan that to-morrow, July 25th, he will be received in public audience by the President of Colombia, at 3 o’clock in the afternoon, at the government house; for which purpose the chief clerk of this department of state will duly present himself at Mr. Sullivan’s place of residence, in order that on the way to the government house he may accompany him to the office of the undersigned, in which he will have the satisfaction of renewing to Mr. Sullivan the assurances of the very distinguished consideration which he now has the pleasure to present him.



Remarks of General Peter J. Sullivan, the American minister, on presenting his credentials to the President of the United States of Colombia.

Mr. President: In presenting to your excellency my credentials as minister resident of the United States of America to the United States of Colombia, I beg leave to assure you that the President and people of the United States of America are impressed with the deepest, the most heartfelt desire to cultivate and ever cherish the most friendly relations with the government and people of the United States of Colombia, and to see your people united, prosperous, and happy.

In the country which I have the honor to represent the energies of man have their full scope; reason, unshackled, maintains a controlling sway; and virtue and bravery, presiding over the breast of each freeman, leads him, when his country is in circumstances of difficulty and danger, to the performance of those deeds which renders him not only honored while living but revered when dead.

And you, Colombians, like your North American friends, have given to the world the bright example of what true patriotism and love of country can suffer and sacrifice for national liberty and constitutional government. Your devotion to the cause of human freedom, based on the rights of man, is well known and appreciated in the country which I have the honor to represent.

I beg leave to assure your excellency that I shall make it my study and aim to carry out the views of my government, and to merit your approbation and esteem.

And now, sir, with these sentiments, I offer you my hand, and with it the best wishes of a heart that glows with sincere friendship toward you personally, and the government of which you are the head.



Answer of the President of the United States of Colombia to the discourse of Mr. Peter J. Sullivan, minister resident of the United States of America.

Mr. Minister: Upon receiving the credentials which constitute you minister resident of the United States of America, in the Colombian Union, I have had the satisfaction to hear you say, in the name of your enlightened government, and in that of the great nation to which you belong, as well as of yourself, who is one of its distinguished citizens, that you have the greatest desire to cultivate and maintain the most cordial and friendly relations between the two governments and; nations, and to see this nation in the enjoyment of peace and prosperity.

[Page 1019]

Allow me, general, to observe to you, with the view to your communicating the same to your government, that the sentiments of the Colombian nation, of which the present government believes itself to be the faithful interpreter, correspond in the sincerest and most ample manner to your benevolent expressions.

The American government, which has given to the world a great example of the power of democratical instituions when firmly rooted in societies such as yours, laborious, honest, and worthy, has demonstrated that the republican form of government is an indestructible fact, and thereby afforded hopefulness and strength to the Spanish American nations of the land of Columbus, and that the said form of government is the one which is suited to our land.

To obtain such a form of government our respective endeavors in favor of liberty and law have been great; and therefore it is that we admire your nation, and endeavor, by all the means in our power, to preserve the said benevolent relations.

The arrival in the country of such a representative as you are of the American government is most grateful to my government, and the latter on its part will make every effort to correspond to your desires.

I have heard, general, the opinion you express of the political character of my fellow citizens, and I accept the flattering words which you have been so good as to direct to me. I feel myself honored in corresponding, as I do with the utmost cordiality, to your friendly sentiments.

Remarks of the Official Gazette.


Subsequently the President presented to the minister the public functionaries who were present, and stated that the secretary of war, by reason of sickness, had been deprived of the honor of being present at his reception.

A cordial and friendly conversation was entered into after the presention, and the minister left the government house, accompanied by the sub-secretary of the interior and foreign affairs, after receiving the honors due to his high diplomatic and military rank.



Resignation of General Mosquera.

Citizen Senators and Representatives: T. C. de Mosquera, grand general of the Union, and constitutional President of the same, presents to you the formal and definite resignation of the chief magistracy to which he was called, while absent from the country, by the spontaneous wishes of the people.

The political occurrences that have taken place in the republic since it was inaugurated last year, up to the 23d of May last, are well known to you, citizens, senators, and representatives; deprived on that day, by force, of the exercise of my functions as President of the Union, I consider that by that act, new in the history of the country, my public life, which for more than half a century has been consecrated to the loyal, constant, and disinterested services of my country, has terminated.

Since the accomplishment of the acts of the 23d of May, I would wish that my name may not serve as a source of civil discord, nor a motive for war. The violent manner in which I was deprived of my liberty, and the exercise of my constitutional functions in consequence, I immediately hastened to resign before the supreme federal court the office of President of the republic. The incommunication in which I was kept obliged me to send my resignation through the present acting head of the nation, General Santos Acosta, for motives which it is not necessary to mention here has pleased to give due course to it.

Now that you are in session, I formally reiterate it, as a gift which I offer to the tranquillity of the republic, and as another element which I put forward toward the great work of conciliation to the Colombians.

As for the rest, I am ready to appear before the senate of the republic to answer for my official conduct, and to defend there, and afterwards before the whole country, the acts of my administration, all of them tending to secure the liberty, sovereignty, and independence of Colombia, and to foment the progress, the improvement, and civilization of the republic.