Mr. Sullivan to Mr. Seward.
Sir: On the 15th of April last I left my residence in Ohio for my post, and after a journey of ninety-eight days, the time actually and necessarily occupied in proceeding from my said place of residence to my destination, I arrived in this city, with the full approbation of both parties in this country, on the 22d of July last, and entered upon the discharge of my official duties the next day.
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On my arrival here I found the old congress in session, and a regularly organized government established, with General Santos Acosta, the second designado and commander-in-chief of the army, at its head.
Inclosure A is a copy of my letter to the secretary of the interior and foreign relations, announcing my arrival and mission: B is a translation of his reply. C, D—the “Diario Official,” (a translation of which I also inclose you,)—contains an account of the splendid civil and military welcome which I received, my address, and the President’s reply, on the occasion of my being officially presented to him by the secretary of foreign relations on the 25th of July. It is generally admitted by all who were present that this reception was one of the grandest ever accorded to the representative of any foreign government in this country.
The present government has been promptly and fully recognized by all the representatives of foreign governments here; by all the States in the union but Bolivar. It is destined to become popular, and, I hope, permanent. It is composed of the best men in the liberal party, and is warmly supported by the powerful conservatives.
Congress has declared war against the State of Bolivar, and has authorized the President to call out as many troops as he may deem proper to suppress the existing rebellion in that State; and for that purpose the government will in a few days send 3,000 troops to the coast.
General Mosquera has, as I predicted in my dispatch No 4, of May 24th, fallen a sad victim to his insatiable thirst for dictatorial power. He is still in jail. On the 1st instant he addressed a letter (E) to both houses of congress, resigning the presidency of the republic. This will not now be accepted, and he will be tried for treason, either by this or the next congress.
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Just as I was about to close this dispatch I learned, as a fact, that the officer and guards over the penitentiary in this city, bribed by Mosquera’s partizans, had run off with all the convicts, with the view to rise against the government and release Mosquera by force; and that one or two other outbreaks between here and Honda had taken place; but all have been promptly and efficiently checked and baffled by the fidelity of the government troops. Some of these would-be liberators have been caught, and are now in safe keeping.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State, Washington, D. C.