Mr. Worthington to Mr. Seward.
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt, on the 3d of this month, of dispatch No. 2, dated August 19th, 1868, inclosing copy of dispatch No. 233, dated August 17th, 1868, addressed to James Watson Webb, esquire, United States minister to Rio de Janeiro. It is a source of congratulation that this question has reached a solution by the passage of the Wasp, as ordered by the government, and her return to this place on the 20th of September, with Charles A. Washburn, United, States minister to Paraguay, and his family, on board. Mr. Washburn having informed me that he had transmitted elaborate dispatches by this steamer, I am relieved of the duty or necessity of writings much about the condition of affairs in Paraguay, or the movements of the allied armies. It is well to observe, however, that no important progress is being made, the situation being the same as mentioned in my dispatch No. 2. Yesterday, Mr. Sarmiento was duly and formally inaugurated President, and Dr. Alfonsa Alsina vice-president of the Argentine Republic. The ceremonies were impressive and orderly, nothing of an insubordinate or revolutionary tendency developing itself. The inaugural address of the President was well received, particularly those parts in “italics” in the copy I inclose with this dispatch. The diplomatic corps was fully represented, and after the ceremonies were over we called on the new President in a body and offered our congratulations. The cabinet or ministry is composed of able and, said to be, just men, and is as follows: Minister of the interior, Señor Delamacio Velez Sarsfield; minister of foreign affairs, Señor Mariano Varela; minister of agriculture and public instruction, Señor Sicholay Avellanda; minister of finance, Señor Benjamino Gorostiago; minister of war, Sehor D. Martin Gainza, all of whom share largely the feelings of the President toward our government and people.
A magnificent demonstration was spontaneously accorded ex-President General Mitre, by the citizens of this city, on the occasion of the retirement from his high position; and it is at least suggestive of some improvement, that after the expiration of his constitutional term of office he handed over to his successor the government intact, the treasury comparatively full, and, though engaged in a war, the people enjoying a prosperity they never before realized; and to whatever position General Mitre may be called, I feel confident our government will always find in him a reliable friend. The question of the seat of the national government is again exciting much interest. Before the last session of the national congress adjourned they located it at Rosario, but it did not [Page 255] receive the sanction of President Mitre. In my judgment there is no reasonable probability there will be any change for some years to come.
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I have the honor to be your obedient servant,
Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State, Washington, D. C.