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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1955–1957, Near East Region; Iran; Iraq, Volume XII

Increased U.S. Military Aid to Iran and the Iranian Role in Middle East Defense, U.S. Economic Aid and Loans to Iran, Iran’s Adherence to the Baghdad Pact, and Participation of American and Foreign Oil Companies in Iran’s Oil Development

1. For previous documentation on U.S. relations with Iran, see Foreign Relations, 1952–1954, volume X.


Document 286: Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Jernegan) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration (Henderson)

Washington, January 7, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–755. Secret. Drafted by Stutesman and approved by Baxter and Kitchen.


Document 287: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Washington, January 7, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–1055. Top Secret. Transmitted to the NSC for consideration at its January 13 meeting under cover of a memorandum from Lay, January 10.


Document 288: Memorandum From the Director of the Policy Planning Staff (Bowie) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, January 11, 1955.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5402—Memoranda, Top Secret. Bowie was the Department of State Representative on the NSC Planning Board.At the bottom of the source text the following note was typed: “NEA concurs.”


Document 289: Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Jernegan) to the Secretary of State

Washington, January 11, 1955.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5402—Memoranda. Top Secret. Drafted by Baxter, Kitchen, Dixon, and Stutesman and concurred in by S/P, G, EUR, and E.


Document 290: Memorandum of Discussion at the 231st Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, January 13, 1955

Washington, January 13, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on January 14.


Document 291: National Security Council Report

Washington, January 15, 1955.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5504 Series. Top Secret.


Document 292: Letter From the Under Secretary of State (Hoover) to the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration (Stassen)

Washington, January 27, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–2755. Secret. Drafted by Dixon and concurred in by Jernegan, Baxter, and Frechtling (in substance).


Document 293: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Acting Secretary of State

Washington, January 31, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–3155. Secret. Drafted by Baxter, Stutesman, Kitchen, and Dixon. George V. Allen became Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs on January 26.


Document 294: Memorandum From the Secretary’s Special Assistant for Mutual Security Affairs (Nolting) to the Acting Secretary of State

Washington, February 1, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/2–155. Top Secret.


Document 295: Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Kitchen) to the Acting Secretary of State

Washington, February 2, 1955.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, Military Aid 1955. Confidential. Also sent to Allen and Jernegan.


Document 296: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Baxter) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen)

Washington, February 4, 1955.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, Military Aid—1955. Secret. Drafted by Stutesman.


Document 297: Letter From the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration (Stassen) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, February 5, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/2–555. Secret.


Document 298: Memorandum of a Conversation, New York, February 8, 1955

New York, February 8, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.1½–955. Secret. Drafted by Kitchen on February 9.


Document 299: Memorandum for the Record by the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, February 26, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/2–2655. Confidential.


Document 300: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Acting Secretary of State

Washington, March 3, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/3–355. Official Use Only. Drafted by Allen and concurred in by Willis C. Armstrong and Eakens.


Document 301: Paper Prepared by R. Bernard Crowl of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs

Washington, March 18, 1955.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, Military Aid—1955. Secret.


Document 302: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, March 23, 1955—6 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/3–2355. Secret. Passed to FOA, Treasury, and Defense.


Document 303: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, March 30, 1955

Washington, March 30, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/3–3055. Official Use Only. Drafted by Eakens on April 4 and approved by Hoover.


Document 304: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, April 8, 1955—7 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.00/4–855. Confidential. Repeated to London, Meshed, Isfahan, and Tabriz.


Document 305: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, April 11, 1955—7 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/4–1155. Secret.


Document 306: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Washington, April 12, 1955.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, JCS Records, CCS.092 Iran (4–23–48). Top Secret.


Document 307: Editorial Note


Document 308: Despatch From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, April 25, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5/4–2555. Top Secret.


Document 309: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Waugh) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, May 2, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/5–255. Drafted by Eakens and approved by Armstrong.


Document 310: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Hensel) to the Secretary of State

Washington, May 14, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/5–1455. Top Secret.


Document 311: Letter From the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration (Stassen) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Hensel)

Washington, June 16, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/6–2855. Top Secret.


Document 312: Memorandum From the Director of the Executive Secretariat (Scott) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Jernegan)

Washington, June 22, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/6–2255. Secret.


Document 313: Letter From the Acting Secretary of State to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Hensel)

Washington, June 23, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/5–1455. Top Secret. Drafted by Crowl and cleared by Baxter and Jernegan.


Document 314: Letter From the Secretary of State to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Washington, June 27, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/6–2755. Top Secret. Drafted by Hannah and Dixon on June 25.


Document 315: Letter From the Director of Central Intelligence (Dulles) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, July 1, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/7–155. Secret.


Document 316: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, July 2, 1955—3 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.11/7–255. Secret. Repeated to London and Moscow.


Document 317: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Murphy)

Washington, July 5, 1955.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5504—Memoranda. Top Secret. Drafted by Hannah and cleared by Baxter.


Document 318: Memorandum From the Officer in Charge of Iranian Affairs (Hannah) to the Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Baxter)

Washington, July 6, 1955.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, OCB 1955. Top Secret.


Document 319: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, July 11, 1955—6:27 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.11/7–255. Secret. Drafted by Baxter; cleared by William A. Crawford, Deputy Director of the Office of Eastern European Affairs; and approved by Allen. Repeated to London and Moscow.


Document 320: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, July 11, 1955—7:21 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/7–1155. Secret. Drafted by Crowl and cleared in NEA and S/MSA; cleared in draft with Hoover and Ohly of ICA; and approved by Allen. Effective July 1, 1955, FOA was abolished and its functions and personnel were transferred to the International Cooperation Administration (ICA).


Document 321: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, July 19, 1955—4 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/7–1955. Secret.


Document 322: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, August 5, 1955—5:56 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.00/8–555. Secret; Niact. Drafted by Hannah and Baxter. Repeated to London and Moscow.;


Document 323: Letter From the Secretary of Defense (Wilson) to the Secretary of State

Washington, August 5, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/8–555. Top Secret.


Document 324: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, September 1, 1955—1 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/9–155. Secret.


Document 325: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, September 3, 1955—1 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/9–355. Secret; Priority.


Document 326: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, September 5, 1955—noon.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/9–555. Secret; Priority. Repeated priority to London.


Document 327: Memorandum of Discussion at the 258th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, September 8, 1955

Washington, September 8, 1955

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on September 15.


Document 328: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Jernegan) to the Acting Secretary of State

Washington, September 9, 1955.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 58 D 338, NSC 155. Top Secret. Drafted by Hannah.


Document 329: Editorial Note


Document 330: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, September 17, 1955—3:23 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/9–1755. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Hannah and cleared with Baxter, Jernegan, Hoover, and DOD/ISA. Repeated to Ankara, Baghdad, and London.


Document 331: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, September 27, 1955—5 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/9–2655. Secret. Repeated to Ankara, Baghdad, and London.


Document 332: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, September 30, 1955—7:18 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/9–3055. Secret. Drafted by Crowl and cleared by Baxter and the Department of the Treasury and ICA.


Document 333: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, October 5, 1955—6 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/10–555. Secret; Priority. Repeated to London, Baghdad, Ankara, and Paris.


Document 334: Memorandum of a Telephone Conversation Between the Director of Central Intelligence (Dulles) and the Secretary of State, Washington, October 6, 1955,6:37 p.m.

Washington, October 6, 1955,6:37 p.m.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Dulles Papers, General Telephone Conversations. Transcribed by Phyllis D. Bernau.


Document 335: Memorandum of a Telephone Conversation Between the Secretary of Defense (Wilson) and the Secretary of State, Washington, October 6, 1955,6:48 p.m.

Washington, October 6, 1955,6:48 p.m.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Dulles Papers, General Telephone Conversations. Transcribed by Phyllis D. Bernau.


Document 336: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, October 6, 1955—7:46 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/10–555. Secret; Niact. Drafted by Baxter and Hannah; cleared by Crawford of EE; and approved by Dulles. Repeated niact to London, Baghdad, and Ankara.


Document 337: Letter From the Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Baxter) to the Ambassador in Iran (Chapin)

Washington, October 7, 1955.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 59 D 654, Political Letters—Notes, 1955. Secret; Official-Informal; Personal for the Ambassador.


Document 338: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, October 7, 1955—8 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/10–755. Secret. Repeated to London, Baghdad, and Ankara.


Document 339: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, October 8, 1955—noon.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/10–855. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Ankara, Baghdad, and London.


Document 340: Editorial Note


Document 341: Editorial Note


Document 342: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, December 2, 1955.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/12–255. Secret. Drafted by Hannah and cleared by Baxter, E, the Export-Import Bank, Department of the Treasury, and ICA.


Document 343: Telegram From the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Radford) to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Baghdad, December 21, 1955—8:20 a.m.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, JCS Records, CCS 092 (8–22–46) (2). Top Secret. Sent as Naval message 6198, ALUSNA Baghdad to the Secretary of Defense for the information of the JCS.Radford was on a tour of military installations and personnel in the Near and Far East. See Document 97.


Document 344: Memorandum From the Director of the International Cooperation Administration (Hollister) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, January 23, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/1–2356. Secret. Also addressed to Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs Gordon Gray.


Document 345: Editorial Note


Document 346: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, February 2, 1956—12:11 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/2–256. Secret. Drafted by Hannah, cleared by Kitchen and Baxter, and approved by Rountree.


Document 347: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Gray) to the Director of the International Cooperation Administration (Hollister)

Washington, February 7, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/2–756. Top Secret.


Document 348: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, February 8, 1956—7:24 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/2–856. Confidential. Drafted by Kitchen and Rountree, cleared by Baxter, and approved by Rountree.


Document 349: Memorandum of Discussion at the 276th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, February 9, 1956

Washington, February 9, 1956

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on February 10.


Document 350: Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Hoover) to the Deputy Director for Operations, International Cooperation Administration (FitzGerald)

Washington, February 9, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.00/2–956. Confidential. Drafted by Rountree and cleared by U/MSA and E.


Document 351: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, February 14, 1956—7:29 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 780.5/2–656. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Hannah; cleared by Kitchen and NEA/UN, NEA/L, NEA, and EE; and approved by Allen. Repeated to Moscow and London.


Document 352: Memorandum of a Conversation Between Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Secetary of State Dulles, Governor-General’s Residence, Karachi, March 9, 1956, 9–10 a.m.

Karachi, March 9, 1956,9–10 a.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 110.11–DU/3–956. Secret. According to a covering note by Macomber, March 9, the Secretary dictated this memorandum, and a note on the source text indicates that the Secretary later approved it. A copy of this memorandum was distributed in the Department of State as USDel/MC/11, March 9. (Ibid., Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199) A summary of this conversation was sent to Washington in Secto 37 from New Delhi, March 9. (Ibid., Central Files, 110.11–DU/3–956)


Document 353: Summary Paper Prepared by the Officer in Charge of Iranian Affairs (Hannah)

Washington, March 13, 1956.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 59 D 654, Iran Budgetary Aid 1955–56. Secret.


Document 354: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, March 16, 1956—7:31 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.10/3–1556. Secret; Niact. Drafted by Hannah; cleared by GTI, E, U/MSA, and ICA; and approved by Hoover.


Document 355: Letter From Howard D. Page, Director of Standard Oil Company, New Jersey, to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree)

New York, May 1, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/5–156.


Document 356: Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Kitchen) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree)

Washington, May 17, 1956.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 59 D 654, Iran 1956 Memoranda. Secret. Drafted by Hannah.


Document 357: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Allen) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, June 22, 1956.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 59 D 654, Iran, Military Aid 1956. Secret. Drafted by Hannah.


Document 358: Report of the Interdepartmental Committee on Certain U.S. Aid Programs

Washington, July 3, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 700.5–MSP/7–356. Secret; U.S. Eyes Only. According to a cover sheet attached to a copy of this report ibid.,OCB Files: Lot 61 D 385, Iran, it was submitted to the Secretaries of State, the Treasury, and Defense and to the Director of the International Cooperation Administration. The report was the work of the Prochnow Committee, formally titled the Interdepartmental Committee on Certain U.S. Aid Programs, which was established by the NSC on December 8, 1955, to prepare reports on the coordination of military and economic aid programs in Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Vietnam, the Republic of China, and Korea. The committee was headed by Deputy Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs Herbert V. Prochnow and consisted of representatives of the Departments of Defense and the Treasury, the Bureau of the Budget, ICA, and CIA. For documentation on the establishment of the committee, see volume x. The Prochnow Committee submitted a final composite report to the NSC on August 3. (Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5610 Series) This combined report was discussed by the NSC at its 301st meeting on October 26, 1956; see vol. x, p. 124.


Document 359: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to the Acting Secretary of State

Washington, July 20, 1956.

Source: Department of State, OCB Files: Lot 62 D 430, Iran 1956. Top Secret. Drafted by Hannah and cleared by Baxter.


Document 360: Memorandum From the Acting Secretary of State to the President

Washington, July 24, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 661.88/7–2456. Secret. Drafted by Hannah on July 23 and cleared by Baxter and Crawford.


Document 361: Preliminary Notes on the Operations Coordinating Board Meeting, Washington, July 26, 1956

Washington, July 26, 1956

Source: Department of State, OCB Files: Lot 62 D 430. Secret. Drafted by Arthur L. Richards.


Document 362: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, August 9, 1956—5 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 974.7301/8–956. Secret; Priority. Repeated to London, Cairo, and Paris.


Document 363: Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Iranian Ambassador (Amini) and the Under Secretary of State (Hoover), Department of State, Washington, August 13, 1956

Washington, August 13, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 974.7301/8–1356. Secret. Drafted by Rountree and approved by Hoover.


Document 364: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, September 11, 1956—1 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/9–1156. Confidential.


Document 365: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to the Secretary of State

Washington, September 26, 1956.

Source: Department of State, S/P–NSC Files: Lot 61 D 167, Iran, U.S. Policy Towards (NSC 5504). Top Secret. Drafted by Hannah. Rountree was appointed Assistant Secretary of State on July 26 and entered duty on August 30.


Document 366: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to the Under Secretary of State (Hoover)

Washington, October 4, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.10/10–456. Secret. Drafted by Smith and Jones and cleared with U/MSA, E, and ICA.


Document 367: Memorandum of Discussion at the 299th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, October 4, 1956

Washington, October 4, 1956

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Drafted by Gleason on October 4.


Document 368: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, November 2, 1956—8:40 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/11–256. Secret; Niact. Drafted by Jones and cleared by OFD, Treasury, Export–Import Bank, E, and ICA.


Document 369: Letter From the Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Jones) to the Ambassador in Iran (Chapin)

Washington, November 7, 1956.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 59 D 654, Eximbank–IBRD. Secret; Official-Informal.


Document 370: Letter From Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi to President Eisenhower

Tehran, November 20, 1956.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, International Series.


Document 371: Memorandum From the Director of the International Cooperation Administration (Hollister) to the Acting Secretary of State

Washington, November 23, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/l1–2356. Confidential.


Document 372: Memorandum From the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Secretary of Defense (Wilson)

Washington, November 30, 1956.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5610 Series. Top Secret. Transmitted to the NSC under a December 5 memorandum from Gleason.


Document 373: Memorandum From the Secretary of State to the Director of the International Cooperation Administration (Hollister)

Washington, December 7, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/12–756. Confidential. Drafted by Hannah and Jones and cleared by G, U/MSA, E, and S/P. A memorandum from Rountree to Dulles, December 1, recommending that this letter be sent to Hollister is Ibid., GTI Files: Lot 59 D 654, Iran 1956 Memoranda.


Document 374: Memorandum From the Secretary of State to the President

Washington, December 7, 1956.

Source: Department of State, Presidential Correspondence: Lot 64 D 206, King Saud/Eisenhower. Drafted by Hannah.


Document 375: Memorandum of a Conversation, Washington, January 3, 1957,10:30 a.m.

Washington, January 3, 1957, 10:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 398.14/1–357. Confidential. Drafted by Smith.


Document 376: Memorandum for the Record by the Chief of the Military Advisory Assistance Group in Iran (Seitz)

Tehran, January 3, 1957.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 60 D 533, Iran, U.S. military assistance to, 1957. Secret.


Document 377: Letter From the Counselor of the Embassy in Iran (Stevens) to the Officer in Charge of Iranian Affairs (Hannah)

Tehran, January 14, 1957.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 60 D 533, Iran, Official Informal Letters from Tehran, 1957. Secret; Official–Informal.


Document 378: Memorandum From the Director of the Office of Greek, Turkish, and Iranian Affairs (Jones) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Bowie)

Washington, January 11, 1957.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 60 D 533, Iran, U.S. Iranian Relations, 1957. Secret. Drafted by Hannah. Bowie was also the Department of State representative on the NSC Planning Board.


Document 379: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, January 17, 1957—3 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/1–1757. Secret.


Document 380: Editorial Note


Document 381: National Intelligence Estimate

Washington, January 23, 1957.

Source: Department of State, INR–NIE Files. Secret. National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs) were high-level interdepartmental reports on foreign policy problems, drafted by officers from those agencies represented on the Intelligence Advisory Committee (IAC), discussed and revised by an interdepartmental working group coordinated by the Office of National Estimates of the CIA, approved by the IAC, and circulated under the aegis of the CIA to the President, appropriate officers of cabinet level, and the NSC. The Department of State provided all political and some economic sections of NIEs.NIE 34–57 superseded NIE 34–54, “The Outlook for Iran,” December 7, 1954. (Ibid.)


Document 382: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, January 23, 1957—7 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.00/1–2357. Secret.


Document 383: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, January 24, 1957—1 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/1–2457. Secret.


Document 384: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, January 26, 1957—2:09 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/1–1757. Secret; Priority. Drafted by W. Van Dusen of FSD and Smith, cleared by GTI and WE, and approved by Rountree.


Document 385: Editorial Note


Document 386: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, January 31, 1957—10 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/1–3157. Secret.


Document 387: Briefing Paper

Washington, February 5, 1957.

Source: Department of State, S/P–NSC Files: Lot 62 D 1, NSC 5703/1 Series. Top Secret. No drafting information appears on the source text. According to a covering memorandum from Marion W. Boggs to the Planning Board, February 5, this paper was for the use of Cutler in briefing the NSC on February 7.


Document 388: Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Kalijarvi) to the Secretary of State

Washington, February 5, 1957.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5703 Series. Top Secret. Drafted by James A. Lynn and Milner L. Dunn of the Bureau of Economic Affairs.


Document 389: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to the Secretary of State

Washington, February 6, 1957.

Source: Department of State, S/S-NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5703 Series. Top Secret. Drafted by Hannah and concurred in by Barnes, Murphy, and Kalijarvi, who added as a comment a copy of his memorandum to the Secretary, supra. According to a covering note from Fisher Howe to Dulles, February 6, Murphy approved this paper and read Kalijarvi’s comment. Murphy did not, to use Howe’s words, “feel that any disagreement on policy is involved, but has suggested to Mr. Kalijarvi that he attend the NSC briefing in order to present E’s views.”


Document 390: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning (Bowie) to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Cutler)

Washington, February 6, 1957.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5703 Series. Secret. Drafted by William Leonhardt, Department of State NSC Planning Board Assistant.


Document 391: Memorandum of Discussion at the 312th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, February 7, 1957

Washington, February 7, 1957

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on February 8.


Document 392: National Security Council Report

Washington, February 8, 1957.

Source: Department of State, S/S-NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5703 Series. Top Secret.


Document 393: Despatch From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, March 11, 1957.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.11/3–1157. Secret. Also sent to KhorramShahr, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Meshed. Passed to London, Moscow, Ankara, Baghdad, Kabul, Karachi, Jidda, New Delhi, Madrid, Rome, Bern, Dhahran, and Kuwait.


Document 394: Telegram From the Embassy in Italy to the Department of State

Rome, March 18, 1957—6 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/3–1857. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Tehran, London, and The Hague.


Document 395: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, March 19, 1951—6 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/3–1957. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Rome, London, and The Hague.


Document 396: Telegram From the President’s Special Assistant (Richards) to the Department of State

Tehran, March 25, 1957—5 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 120.1580/3–2557. Secret. Repeated to Karachi, Kabul, London, Paris, Amman, Cairo, Damascus, Baghdad, Tripoli, Jidda, Beirut, Athens, Rabat, Tunis, Addis Ababa, Aden, Khartoum, New Delhi, Rome, and Tel Aviv.Ambassador James P. Richards was sent as Eisenhower’s Special Assistant to 15 Middle East nations between March and May 1957 with the task of explaining the Eisenhower Doctrine. Richards visited Iran March 23–27. (Despatch 936 from Tehran, April 16; ibid., 120.1580/4–1657) See also Document 214. For additional documentation on the Richards Mission, see Document 184 ff.


Document 397: Telegram From the President’s Special Assistant (Richards) to the Department of State

Karachi, March 27, 1957—8 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 120.1580/3–2757. Secret. Also sent to Ankara and Baghdad and repeated to Tehran.


Document 398: Telegram From the President’s Special Assistant (Richards) to the Department of State

Karachi, March 27, 1957—9 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 120.1580/3–2757. Secret. Repeated to Tehran, Kabul, Baghdad, London, Paris, Cairo, Amman, Jidda, Ankara, Tel Aviv, Damascus, Aden, Beirut, Athens, Khartoum, Rabat, Tunis, Tripoli, Addis Ababa, and New Delhi.


Document 399: Telegram From the President’s Special Assistant (Richards) to the Department of State

Karachi, March 28, 1957—9 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 120.1580/3–2857. Secret. Also sent to Tehran, London, Paris, Ankara, and Baghdad; repeated to Tripoli, Cairo, Khartoum, Addis Ababa, Jidda, Amman, Tel Aviv, Damascus, Beirut, Kabul, Athens, Tunis, Rabat, Rome, and New Delhi.


Document 400: Telegram From the Department of State of the Embassy in Iran

Washington, April 9, 1957—6:41 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/3–2957. Secret; Priority. Drafted in GTI and cleared with FSD, ITR, WE, RA, and NE. Repeated to London and Rome.


Document 401: Memorandum of a Telephone Conversation Between Mr. McLaughlin of the Socony Mobil Oil Company, Inc., and the Chief of the Fuels Division (Beckner), Washington, April 16, 1957

Washington, April 16, 1957.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/4–1657. Official Use Only. Drafted by Beckner on April 22.


Document 402: Memorandum of Discussion at the 334th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, August 8, 1957

Washington, August 8, 1957.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted by Gleason on August 9.


Document 403: Memorandum From the Secretary of State’s Special Assistant for Intelligence (Cumming) to the Under Secretary of State (Herter)

Washington, August 20, 1957.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/8–2057. Secret. Drafted by C. Dirck Keyser, Seymour Goodman, Herbert Glantz, and Thomas Fina all of INR.


Document 404: Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to the Ambassador in Iran (Chapin)

Washington, August 24, 1957.

Source: Department of State, Tehran Embassy Files: Lot 62 F 43, 322.1 Bahrein Dispute. Secret; Official-Informal.


Document 405: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to the Secretary of State

Washington, September 7, 1957.

Source: Department of State, S/S–NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5703 Series. Secret. Drafted by Howard Ashford and cleared by Jones.


Document 406: Memorandum of a Conversation Between Secretary of State Dulles and Foreign Minister Ardalan, Waldorf Towers, New York, September 17, 1957,6 p.m.

New York, September 17, 1957,6 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 110.11–DU/9–1957. Secret. Drafted by J. Jefferson Jones, III, Adviser to the U.S. Delegation to the 12th U.N. General Assembly.


Document 407: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, September 25, 1957

Washington, September 25, 1957.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.2553/9–2557. Confidential. Drafted by Torbert.


Document 408: Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, September 26, 1957

Washington, September 26, 1957.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5/9–2657. Confidential. Drafted by Jones on September 27. A note by Macomber on the source text reads as follows: “O.K., WM (note deletion on p. 2)”. See footnote 4 below for explanation of the deletion.


Document 409: Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Rountree) to the Secretary of State

Washington, October 12, 1957.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 788.5–MSP/10–1257. Secret. Drafted by Mouser and Williams and cleared by Murphy, Dillon, and Barnes.


Document 410: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, November 7, 1957—5 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.88/11–757. Confidential. Repeated to London and Moscow.


Document 411: Memorandum From the Director of the International Cooperation Administration (Smith) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Dillon)

Washington, November 26, 1957.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 60 D 533, Iran, Qom Airfield, 1957. Secret.


Document 412: Letter From the Counselor for Political Affairs of the Embassy in Iran (Stelle) to the Officer in Charge of Iranian Affairs (Mouser)

Tehran, November 18, 1957.

Source: Department of State, GTI Files: Lot 60 D 533, Iran, Official and Informal Letters from Tehran, 1957. Confidential; Official–Informal.


Document 413: Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iran

Washington, December 10, 1957—5:47 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.10/11–1357. Confidential. Drafted by Mouser, Jones, Williams, and Kennedy; cleared with ICA, U/MSA, Defense, and Dillon; and approved by Rountree.


Document 414: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, December 15, 1957—2 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.10/12–1557. Secret; Priority. Repeated to Baghdad, London, Ankara, Karachi, and Paris.


Document 415: Staff Summary Supplement Prepared in the Department of State

Washington, December 17, 1957.

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Dulles–Herter Series. Secret. No drafting information appears on the source text. Initialed by Eisenhower.


Document 416: Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State

Tehran, December 18, 1957—3 p.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 888.10/12–1857. Secret.