The Presidential papers of Jimmy Carter are the best source of high-level decisionmaking documentation for U.S. policy toward South Asia from 1977 to 1980. The richest collection of documents on U.S.-South Asia relations are the Brzezinski Material and the Staff Material in the National Security Affairs files. Of most value within the Brzezinski Material are the Office File (of special note therein are the Weekly National Security Reports and the Country Chron files); the Presidential Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File; the Country File; and the Subject File, which contains the Evening Reports from the Department of State and high-level memoranda of conversation. In the Staff Material, the following were of particular worth: the Staff Office File, which includes the Outside the System File and the Presidential Advisory Board materials; the North/South File, which originates from the eponymous NSC Staff cluster and contains Thomas Thornton’s file; and finally the Global Issues File with key documentation on nuclear proliferation. Additional material on South Asia is in the Plains File and in the donated collections of both Zbigniew Brzezinski and Walter Mondale.

The National Archives and Records Administration facility in College Park, Maryland (Archives II) houses extensive material on the Carter administration’s policy toward South Asia. The Department of State’s Central Foreign Policy File is crucial for following the day-to-day flow of diplomatic cables. Also at Archives II are relevant Department of State Lot Files, which include lot files from the Embassies in Colombo, Dhaka, Islamabad, Kathmandu, and New Delhi, as well as for individual officials, especially Cyrus Vance, Edmund Muskie, Warren Christopher, and David Newsom.

Compared to the Carter Library and Archives II, the Department of Defense records in the Washington National Records Center, RG 330 offered less high-level documentation on U.S.-South Asia relations. However, this volume benefited from the inclusion of Central Intelligence Agency documents, most notably from the Office of the Director of Central Intelligence (Jobs 81B00012R, 81B00401R, 82M00501R, and 80M01542R). Also, documents from the Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research, INR/IL Historical Files, proved valuable, namely from Tin’s 980643000012, 980643000013, 980643000015, and 980643000018.

In addition to the paper files cited below, a growing number of documents are available on the Internet. The Office of the Historian [Page XIV] maintains a list of these Internet resources on its website and encourages readers to consult that site on a regular basis

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State, Washington, D.C.
    • INR/IL Historical Files. Files of the Office of Intelligence Coordination contain records from the 1940s through the 1980s and are maintained by the Office of Intelligence Liaison, Bureau of Intelligence and Research.
    • Lot Files. These files have been transferred or will be transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration in College Park, Maryland.
      • Executive Secretariat (ES), Sensitive and Super Sensitive File, 1979–1983, Lot 96D262
      • Office of the Secretariat Staff
        • Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State—1977–1980, Lot 84D241
        • Records of Cyrus R. Vance, Secretary of State, 1977–1980, Lot 80D135
      • Office of the Under Secretary for Political Affairs, David D. Newsom Subject Files, Lot 81D154
  • National Archives and Record Administration, College Park, Maryland
    • Record Group 59, General Records of the Department of State
      • Central Foreign Policy File.
      • Office of the Deputy Secretary, Warren Christopher, Entry P–14, Lot 81D113
      • Office of the Secretariat Staff, Ambassador at Large and Special Representative of the President for Nonproliferation Matters (S/AS), Entry UD–07, Lot 81D155
  • Jimmy Carter Presidential Library, Atlanta, Georgia
    • Brzezinski Donated Material
    • Donated Material
      • Papers of Mary E. King
      • Papers of Walter F. Mondale
    • National Security Affairs
      • Brzezinski Material
        • Agency File
        • Brzezinski Office File (Weekly National Security Report)
        • Cables File
        • Country File
        • Inderfurth and Gates Chron File
        • President’s Daily Report File
        • President’s Daily CIA Brief File
        • President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File
        • Staff Evening Reports File
        • Subject File
        • Trip File
        • VIP Visit File
      • Staff Material
        • Global Issues
        • Middle East
        • North/South
        • Office
    • National Security Council, Institutional Files
    • Plains File
    • Presidential Materials, President’s Daily Diary
    • Records of Peter Bourne
  • Central Intelligence Agency
    • National Intelligence Council
      • Job 83B01027R: Policy Files
    • Office of the Director of Central Intelligence
      • Job 80M01542A: Executive Registry Subject Files
      • Job 81B00112R: Subject Files
      • Job 81B00401R: Subject Files of the Presidential Briefing Coordinator for DCI (1977–1981)
      • Job 82M00501R: 1980 Subject Files
    • Office of Support Services, Directorate of Intelligence (DI)
      • Job 80T00634A: Production Case Files (1978)
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland Maryland
    • RG 330, Office of the Secretary of Defense
      • FRC 330–82–0263

Published Sources

  • Congressional Quarterly. Congress and the Nation, 1977–1980. Volume V. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Service, 1981.
  • Kissinger, Henry. White House Years. Boston: Little Brown, 1979.
  • United States National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the President of the United States: Jimmy Carter, 1977–1981. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1977–1980.
  • ______. Public Papers of the President of the United States: Richard Nixon, 1972. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.
  • U.S. Department of State. Bulletin, 1974-1980. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1974-1981.
  • United Nations. Yearbook of the United Nations 1977–1980. New York: Department of Public Information, United Nations, 1977–1980.