111. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) to President Nixon1
Washington, December 27, 1969.
- Sino-Soviet Relations
Attached are extracts from a perceptive CIA analysis of current Sino-Soviet relations.2 The report indicates, inter alia:
- —Peking admits being forced into border talks and believes Soviet efforts to improve relations with the West are part of preparations for “dealing” with China.
- —Peking’s campaign of civilian “war preparations” is designed to deter a Soviet attack as well as promote national unity and unpopular domestic programs.
- —Moscow will continue military pressure along the frontier and pursue diplomatic efforts to isolate China.
- —Peking will remain the vulnerable and defensive party and seek to improve its international diplomatic position.
- Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 1006, Haig Files, Sino-Soviet Relations. Secret; Sensitive. The memorandum indicates the President saw it. A handwritten note in the upper-right-hand corner reads, “Take to San Clemente.” Nixon arrived in San Clemente on December 30 and departed on January 5, 1970.↩
- On December 17, Director of Central Intelligence Richard Helms sent Kissinger Intelligence Memorandum No. 2625/69, entitled “Sino-Soviet Relations: The View from Moscow and Peking.” Helms’ covering memorandum stated, “I believe that both the President and you will find this up-dating of Sino-Soviet relations of interest.” (Central Intelligence Agency, Executive Registry Files, Job 93–T01468R, Box 5, Sino-Soviet Border, Aug.–Dec. 1969) On December 27, Kissinger replied that, “The memorandum on current Sino-Soviet relations was very perceptive and most interesting. I appreciate your bringing the report to my attention and have forwarded it to the President.” (Ibid.)↩
- Sino-Soviet talks took place in Moscow during the first half of December.↩