Sources

The editors of the Foreign Relations series have complete access to all the retired records and papers of the Department of State: the central files of the Department; the special decentralized files (“lot files”) of the Department at the bureau, office, and division levels; the files of the Department’s Executive Secretariat, which contain the records of international conferences and high-level official visits, correspondence with foreign leaders by the President and Secretary of State, and memoranda of conversations between the President and Secretary of State and foreign officials; and the files of overseas diplomatic posts.

When this volume was being compiled, all Department of State records consulted were still under the custody of the Department, and the footnotes citing Department of State files suggest that the Department is the repository. By the time of publication, however, all the Department’s indexed central (or decimal) files for these years were permanently transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration (Archives II) at College Park, Maryland. Many of the Department’s decentralized office (or lot) files covering this period, which the National Archives deems worthy of permanent retention, will also be transferred from the Department’s custody to Archives II over the next several years.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series also have full access to the papers of President Johnson and other White House foreign policy records. Presidential papers maintained and preserved at the Presidential libraries include some of the most significant foreign affairs-related documentation from the Department of State and other Federal agencies including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Department of State arranged for access to the many audiotapes of President Johnson’s telephone conversations that are held at the Johnson Library. The first audiotapes became available to the editors in late 1994 with most audiotapes following during 1995, 1996, and 1997. Although compilation of this volume had already been completed, the editors added references to and summaries of selected transcripts of the President’s relevant telephone conversations to this volume in the final stages of review. The summaries, including quoted extracts from the audiotapes, were prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume.

In preparing this specific volume documenting U.S. international monetary and trade policies during the Johnson administration, the editors concluded that the records of the Department of State would constitute the core of the published record. An invaluable reference work was Current Economic Developments, a bi-weekly classified publication compiled [Page XVI]by the Bureau of Economic Affairs in the Department of State. Derived from Department of State contemporary cable traffic and internal memoranda, Current Economic Developments provided timely narrative summaries of a wide range of foreign economic topics for policy-makers. The issues of the periodical were useful in providing important background information to the editors, and a few of the articles were selected for inclusion in the volume. The editors also made extensive use of Presidential papers and other White House files at the John F. Kennedy Library and the Lyndon B. Johnson Library, which included significant documentation from the Department of the Treasury and the Office of the Special Representative for Trade Negotiations on foreign economic policy. Documents in the records of the Department of Commerce at the Washington National Records Center supplemented the Department of State and Presidential files.

All this documentation has been made available for use in the Foreign Relations series thanks to the consent of the foregoing agencies, the assistance of their staffs, and especially the cooperation and support of the National Archives and Records Administration.

The following list identifies the particular files and collections used in the preparation of this volume. The declassification and transfer to the National Archives of these records are in process. Many of the records are already available for public review at the National Archives. The declassification review of other records is going forward in accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12958, under which all records over 25 years old, except for file series exemptions requested by agencies and approved by the President, should be reviewed for declassification by 2000.

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    • Central Files. See National Archives and Records Administration below.
    • Lot Files. These files have either been transferred or are in the process of being transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland, Record Group 59.
      • Ball Files: Lot 74 D 272
        • Files of Under Secretary of State George Ball, 1961–1967.
      • Conference Files: Lot 66 D 110
        • Collection of documentation on international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials, May 1961–December 1964.
      • EB/ICD/FTD Files: Lot 73 D 105
        • Files of the Fibers and Textiles Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, 1966–1969.
      • EB/ICD/FTD Files: Lot 73 D 183
        • Files of the Fibers and Textiles Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to cotton and textiles, 1964–1972.
      • EB/ICD/TRP Files: Lot 75 D 413
        • Files of the Tropical Products Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to coffee, sugar, and other tropical products, 1962–1969.
      • EB/ICD/TRP Files: Lot 75 D 462
        • Files of the Tropical Products Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to sugar, 1961–1964.
      • EB/ICD/TRP Files: Lot 78 D 52
        • Files of the Tropical Products Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to cocoa, 1958–1974.
      • EB/ICD/TRP Files: Lot 79 D 354
        • Files of the Tropical Products Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to coffee, 1959–1975.
      • EB/IFD/OMA Files: Lot 73 D 19
        • Files of the Office of Monetary Affairs, Office of International Finance and Development, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to balance of payments, 1963–1971.
      • EB/IFD/OMA Files: Lot 73 D 185
        • Files of the Office of Monetary Affairs, Office of International Finance and Development, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to balance of payments, 1965–1971.
      • S/P Files: Lot 70 D 199
        • Files of the Policy Planning Council, 1963–1964.
  • National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland
    • Record Group 59, General Records of the Department of State
      • Subject-Numeric Indexed Central Files
        • AGR: Agriculture (general)
        • AGR 1: General policy, plans
        • AGR 1 US: General U.S. policy, plans
        • AGR 1 EEC: General EEC policy, plans
        • AGR 3: Organizations and conferences
        • AGR 3 GATT: Organizations and conferences, GATT
        • AGR 5: Laws and regulations
        • AGR 12 US: Crop production and consumption
        • AGR 15: Food supply
        • E 1 JAPAN–US: General economic policy & plans between Japan and the U.S.
        • E 1 NATO: General NATO economic policy and plans
        • E 1 US: General U.S. economic policy and plans
        • E 2–2 US; U.S. economic review
        • ECIN 3 EEC: Economic integration of the EEC
        • EEC 3: General matters pertaining to the EEC
        • FN 1 US: General U.S. financial policy and plans
        • FN 9: Foreign investment
        • FN 9 US: U.S. foreign investment
        • FN 10: Foreign exchange
        • FN 10 IMF: Foreign exchange, IMF
        • FN 12 JAPAN: Balance of payments, Japan
        • FN 12 UK: Balance of payments, U.K.
        • FN 12 US: Balance of payments, U.S.
        • FN 13: Capital movements
        • FN 16 US: U.S. revenue and taxation
        • FT CAN–US: Foreign trade between Canada and the U.S.
        • FT JAPAN–US: General foreign trade policy and plans between Japan and the U.S.
        • FT 3 GATT: Foreign trade, GATT
        • FT 4 CAN–US: Trade agreements between Canada and the U.S.
        • FT 4 GATT: Foreign trade, GATT
        • ET 4 JAPAN–US: Trade agreements between Japan and the U.S.
        • FT 4 US/TEA: U.S. trade agreements, Trade Expansion Act
        • FT 7: Tariff negotiations
        • FT 7 EEC–US: tariff negotiations between the EEC and the U.S.
        • FT 7 GATT: Tariff negotiations, GATT
        • FT 7 JAPAN–US: Tariff negotiations between Japan and the U.S.
        • ET 11 JAPAN–US: Quantitative trade restrictions and controls between Japan and the U.S.
        • FT 11 UK–US: Quantitative trade restrictions and controls between Japan and the U.S.
        • FT 12 JAPAN: Trade liberalization, Japan
        • FT 12 UK: Trade liberalization, U.K.
        • FT 13 UK: Duties, U.K.
        • FT 13–2 JAPAN–US: Tariffs between Japan and the U.S.
        • FT 13–2 US: U.S. tariffs
        • FT 14 US-Japan: Dumping of goods between the U.S. and Japan
        • FT 25–5; Illegal dumping of goods
        • FT (EN) US: U.S. export
        • INCO–COTTON: Cotton industry and commodities
        • INCO–COTTON EEC: EEC cotton industry and commodities
        • INCO–GRAINS EEC: EEC grains industry and commodities
        • INCO–GRAINS GATT: GATT grains industry and commodities
        • INCO–GRAINS UK: U.K. grains industry and commodities
        • INCO–GRAINS UK–US: Grains industry and commodities between the U.K. and the U.S.
        • INCO–GRAINS 4 UK: UK. grains agreements
        • INCO–GRAINS 4 UK–US: Grains agreements between the U.K. and the U.S.
        • INCO–GRAINS 17 UK–US: Trade of grains between the U.K. and the U.S.
        • INCO–POULTRY: Poultry industry and commodities
        • INCO–POULTRY US: U.S. poultry industry and commodities
        • INCO–POULTRY EEC: EEC poultry industry and commodities
        • INCO–POULTRY GATT: GATT poultry industry and commodities
        • INCO–POULTRY 17 EEC: EEC poultry trade
        • INCO–WOOL: Wool industry and commodities
        • INCO–WOOL IT: Wool industry and commodities of Italy
        • INCO–WOOL UK: Wool industry and commodities of the U.K.
        • INCO–WOOL US: Wool industry and commodities of the U.S.
        • INCO–WOOL 4 GATT: Wool GATT agreements
        • INCO–WOOL 4: Wool trade agreements
        • INCO–WOOL 17: Wool trade
        • INCO–WOOL 17 US: U.S. wool trade
        • INCO–WOOL 17 US–IT: Wool trade between the U.S. and Italy
        • INCO–WOOL 17 US-JAPAN: Wool trade between the U.S. and Japan
        • POL FR–US: Political affairs and relations between France and the U.S.
        • POL JAPAN–US: Political affairs and relations between Japan and the U.S.
        • POL UK–US: Political affairs and relations between the U.K. and the U.S.
        • POL 1 JAPAN: General political policy toward Japan
        • POL 1 UK–US: general policy between the U.K. and the U.S.
        • POL 3: Political affairs and relations
        • POL 7 GER W: Visits and meetings to West Germany
        • STR 1: General strategic trade control policy
        • STR 5: Export control regulations and procedures
        • STR 7: Shipments of U.S. goods
        • STR 7–1: Transaction checks
        • STR 7–2: Technical data controls
        • TP: Trade promotion and assistance
        • TP 7–1: Visits by U.S. citizens
        • TP 7–3 IA: International tourism agreements
        • TP 7–3 OECD: OECD tourism
        • TP 7–3 US: U.S. tourism
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
    • Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State
      • E/CBA/REP Files: FRC 72 A 6248
        • Lot 70 D 467: Master set of the Department of State classified internal publication Current Economic Developments for the years 1945–1969, as maintained in the Bureau of Economic Affairs.
    • Record Group 40, Records of the Department of Commerce
      • Office of the Under Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 68 A 5947
        • Executive Secretariat Files, 1963–June 1965.
      • Office of the Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 69 A 6828
        • Executive Secretariat files, 1962–1964.
      • Office of the Assistant to the Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 70 A 7017
        • Files of the Assistant to the Secretary of Commerce (Fred Simpich), 1965–1968.
      • Office of the Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 71 A 6617
        • Executive Secretariat Files, 1965–1966.
      • Office of the Secretaries of Commerce Files: FRC 74 A 20
        • Files of C. R. Smith and Alexander Trowbridge, 1967–1968.
      • Office of the Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 74 A 30
        • Subject files of the Executive Secretariat, 1967–1968.
      • Office of the Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 74 A 31
        • Files of the Executive Secretariat, 1967–1968.
    • Record Group 56, Records of the Department of the Treasury
      • Office of the Assistant Secretary for International Affairs: FRC 75 A 101
        • Files of the Deming Group, Advisory Committee on International Monetary Affairs (Dillon Committee), Ossola Group, and Cabinet Committee on the Balance of Payments.
      • Office of the Assistant Secretary for International Affairs: FRC 83 A 26,
        • Files of the Deputy to the Assistant Secretary, and Secretary of the International Monetary Group Files, 1947–1977.
      • Office of the Assistant Secretary for International Affairs: FRC 76 A 108
        • Files pertaining to the balance of payments, 1966–1971.
      • Office of the Under Secretary for Monetary Affairs: FRC 79 A 14
        • Files of Frederick L. Deming and Paul A. Volcker, 1963–1969.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas
    • Papers of Lyndon B. Johnson
      • National Security File
        • Committee File
        • Country File
        • McGeorge Bundy Files
        • Memos to the President
        • Name File
        • National Security Action Memoranda
        • National Security Council Histories
        • National Security Council Meetings
        • Subject File
        • Walt W. Rostow Files
      • Office Files of the White House Aides
        • Edward R. Fried
        • Ernest Goldstein
      • Special Files
        • Administrative Histories
        • Cabinet Papers
        • President’s Daily Diary
        • Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings
        • Task Force Reports
      • White House Central Files
        • Confidential File
        • Subject File
    • Other Personal Papers
      • Francis M. Bator Papers
      • Henry H. Fowler Papers
      • William M. Roth Papers
      • Dean Rusk Papers, Personal Appointment Books
      • Anthony M. Solomon Papers
    • John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, Massachusetts
      • Papers of C. Douglas Dillon, 1964–1965
      • Papers of Christian A. Herter, 1964–1966

Published Sources

  • Cairncross, Alec. The Wilson Years: A Treasury Diary, 1964–1969. (London: The Historians’ Press, 1997)
  • De Vries, Margaret G. The International Monetary Fund, 1966–1971: The System Under Stress, Vols. I and II (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1976)
  • De Vries, Margaret G., and J. Keith Horsefield. The International Monetary Fund, 1945–1965; Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation, Vols. I, II, and III (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1969)
  • Evans, John W. The Kennedy Round in American Trade Policy: The Twilight of the GATT ? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971)
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. Basic Instruments and Selected Documents, Twelfth Supplement: Decisions, Reports, etc. of the Twenty-first Session (Geneva: The Contracting Parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1964)
  • Johnson, Lyndon B. Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963–1969 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)
  • Office of the Special Representative for Trade Negotiations. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1964–1967 Trade Conference: Report on United States Negotiations, 2 Vols. (Washington: Office of the Special Representative for Trade Negotiations, 1967–1968)
  • Rostow, W.W. The Diffusion of Power: An Essay in Recent History (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1972)
  • U.S. Congress. The Foreign Policy Aspects of the Kennedy Round: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Eighty-ninth Congress, Second Session (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966)
  • ———Foreign Trade and Tariff Proposals: Hearings Before the Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives, Ninetieth Congress, Second Session, on Trade Proposals, Parts I and II (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969)
  • U.S. Department of State. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • ———Department of State Bulletin, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • U.S. Department of the Treasury. Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963–64, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968–69 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)