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Abbreviations and Terms

  • AAA, antiaircraft artillery
  • ADA, Americans for Democratic Action
  • AID, Agency for International Development
  • A/IM, Office of Information Management, Bureau of Administration
  • ANZUS, Australia, New Zealand, United States
  • Arc Light, codename for U.S. B-52 bombing strikes in Southeast Asia
  • ARVN, Army of the Republic of (South) Vietnam
  • Aspen, codename for U.S. peace negotiations through Swedish channels
  • B-52, USAF strategic bomber
  • Barrell Roll, codename for U. S. air operations over northern Laos
  • Bus (Buzz), nickname for General Earle Wheeler
  • C, Confidential
  • C-130, USAF transport plane
  • CAP, series indicator for outgoing White House telegrams
  • CAS, controlled American source
  • CBS, Columbia Broadcasting System
  • CIA, Central Intelligence Agency
  • CIDG, Civilian Irregular Defense Group, Republic of Vietnam
  • Chieu Hoi, Republic of South Vietnam's repatriation program for the Viet Cong
  • CINCPAC, Commander in Chief, Pacific
  • CINCPACAF, Commander in Chief, Pacific Air Force
  • CINCPACFLT, Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet
  • CINCUSARPAC, Commander in Chief, U.S. Army, Pacific
  • CIP, Commercial Import Program
  • CJCS, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • CMC, Clark M. Clifford
  • COMUSMACV, Commander, U. S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
  • CORDS, Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development
  • COSVN, Central Office for South Vietnam
  • CVT, Congress of Vietnamese Trade Unions
  • Daniel Boone, clandestine U.S.-ARVN reconnaissance operations into Cambodian border areas
  • DCI, Director of Central Intelligence
  • DCM, Deputy Chief of Mission
  • Delto, Department of State telegram to the Paris Delegation
  • Dep, Deputy
  • Deptel, Department of State telegram
  • DFF, Democratic Freedom Force
  • DIA, Defense Intelligence Agency
  • DIOCC, Defense Intelligence Office Command Center
  • DMZ, Demilitarized Zone
  • DOD, Department of Defense
  • DRV, Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam)
  • EA, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • EA/ACA, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Office of Asian Communist Affairs
  • EA/VN, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Vietnam Working Group
  • EST, eastern standard time
  • Exdis, exclusive distribution
  • FOMIN, foreign minister
  • FRC, Federal Records Center
  • FULRO, United Front for the Struggle of the Oppressed Race, a movement for Montagnard autonomy
  • FWMAF, Free World Military Assistance Forces
  • FY, fiscal year
  • FYI, for your information
  • GME, George M. Esley
  • GMT, Greenwich Mean Time
  • GON, Government of Norway
  • GVN, Government of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
  • HAK, Henry A. Kissinger
  • HARVAN, Harriman-Vance mission to the Paris peace talks
  • HES, Hamlet Evaluation System
  • HHH, Hubert H. Humphrey
  • ICBM, Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile
  • ICC, International Control Commission
  • ICEX, Infrastructure Coordination and Exploitation
  • ICRC, International Committee of the Red Cross
  • IMF, International Monetary Fund
  • INR, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
  • INR/DDC, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Deputy Director for Coordination
  • INR/IL, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Intelligence Liaison
  • INR/REA, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and Pacific
  • ISA, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
  • IS/OIS, Office of Information Services
  • JCS, Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • JCSM, Joint Chiefs of Staff memorandum
  • JGS, Joint General Staff, Vietnamese Armed Forces
  • JUSPAO, Joint United States Public Affairs Office
  • KIA, killed in action
  • LBJ, Lyndon Baines Johnson
  • Lien Minh, National Alliance for Social Revolution
  • Limdis, limited distribution
  • LOC, line of communication
  • M-16, U.S. military field rifle
  • MACV, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
  • MAP, Military Assistance Program
  • MiG, Soviet-built fighter aircraft
  • NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • NLF (also NFL, FNL), National Liberation Front
  • NIE, National Intelligence Estimate
  • NM, nautical miles
  • NMCC, National Military Command Center
  • NMICC, National Military Intelligence Coordination Center
  • Nodis, no distribution
  • Noforn, no foreign distribution
  • NP, National Police
  • NPFF, National Police Field Force
  • NSA, National Security Agency
  • NSAM, National Security Action Memorandum
  • NSC, National Security Council
  • NSF, National Salvation Front
  • NVA, North Vietnamese Army
  • NVN, North Vietnam
  • OASD, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense
  • O/B, order of battle
  • Ohio, codename for secret peace initiative mediated by the Norwegian Government
  • ONE, Office of National Estimates, Central Intelligence Agency
  • OSD, Office of the Secretary of Defense
  • PAVN, People's Army of Vietnam (North Vietnam)
  • PF, Popular Forces
  • PFF, Police Field Forces
  • PHN, Paul H. Nitze
  • Phoenix, U.S. military-supported program against the Viet Cong infrastructure
  • Phung Hoang, South Vietnamese Government-sponsored program to attack the Viet Cong infrastructure
  • P.L., Public Law
  • PM, Prime Minister
  • PNO, numbering system for recorded conversations
  • POL, petroleum, oil, lubricants; political
  • POLAD, Political Adviser
  • POW, prisoner of war
  • Prairie Fire, interdiction operations in Laos
  • PW, prisoner of war
  • PX, post exchange
  • RD, Revolutionary Development
  • recce, reconnaissance
  • reftel, reference telegram
  • RF, Regional Forces
  • RG, Record Group
  • ROK, Republic of Korea
  • Rolling Thunder, codename for program of U.S. air operations in North Vietnam
  • RP, route packages
  • RT, Rolling Thunder
  • RVN, Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
  • RVNAF, Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces
  • S, Secret
  • SAM, surface to air missiles
  • SAVA, Special Assistant for Vietnamese Affairs, Central Intelligence Agency
  • SC, Security Council
  • SEA, Southeast Asia
  • Sea Dragon, naval interdiction operations along the North Vietnamese coast up to the 20th parallel
  • SEATO, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
  • SecDef, Secretary of Defense
  • Secto, series indicator for telegrams from the Secretary of State while away from Washington
  • septel, separate telegram
  • SFRC, Senate Foreign Relations Committee
  • Shining Brass, codename for cross-border operations into Laos and the DMZ
  • Sitrep, situation report
  • SNIE, Special National Intelligence Estimate
  • SOG, Studies and Observation Group
  • S/S, Executive Secretariat, Department of State
  • Steel Tiger, codename for U.S. air strikes against the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos
  • SVN, South Vietnam
  • SYG, Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • TASS, official Soviet news agency
  • TCC, troop contributing countries
  • Todel, State Department telegrams to the delegation in Paris
  • Tosec, series indicator for telegrams to the Secretary of State while away from Washington
  • TS, Top Secret
  • TV, television
  • U, unclassified
  • UAW, United Auto Workers
  • UK, United Kingdom
  • UN, United Nations
  • UNGA, United Nations General Assembly
  • UPI, United Press International
  • US, United States
  • USAID, United States Agency for International Development Mission
  • USG, United States Government
  • USIA, United States Information Agency
  • USMACV, U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
  • USOM, United States Operations Mission
  • USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • USUN, United States Mission to the United Nations
  • VC, Viet Cong
  • VCI, Viet Cong Infrastructure
  • VIET, Vietnam
  • Viet Cong (Vietcong), South Vietnamese and American term for soldiers of the National Liberation Front
  • VN, Vietnam; Vietnam Working Group, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
  • VNAF, South Vietnamese Air Force
  • VNCC, Vietnam Coordinating Committee
  • VNQDD, Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang (Vietnamese Nationalist Party)
  • VP, Vice President
  • WH, White House
  • Z, Zulu (Greenwich Mean Time)