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List of Sources

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    1.

    Indexed Central Files. The main source of documentation for this volume and for other volumes on the Middle East in the 1958–1960 subseries of Foreign Relations of the United States was the Department of State’s indexed central files. Documents in classes 200 (protection of interests), 400 (trade relations), 500 (cultural relations), 600 (international relations), 700 (internal political and national defense affairs), 800 (internal economic and social affairs), and 900 (communication, transportation, science) were searched for decimal combinations involving all countries in the Middle East (country nos. 74, 80, 83–88, 46c, and 46d). A similar search was conducted for North Africa (nos. 51s and 70–73). Files covering the Middle Eastern and North African relationships of the United States (no. 11), the United Kingdom (no. 41), and France (no. 51) were also examined.

    Other files and related subfiles searched for relevant materials include 033 (official visits); 110.11 through 110.17 (Department of State senior officials files); 123 (Department of State personnel files); various files in class 300 (international organizations and conferences); and 601 (diplomatic representation). Other documents were located through pursuing cross-references and referenced telegrams.

    Documentation on the major and some of the minor themes covered in this volume are located in the following files:

    • Arab-Israeli Dispute and United Arab Republic
      • 033.1100–FU: Senator Fulbright’s visits to the region
      • 033.84A11: Prime Minister Ben Gurion’s visit to Washington
      • 103–XMB and 884A.10: Export-Import Bank loan to Israel
      • 110.15–RO: Assistant Secretary Rountree’s visit to the region
      • 320.511: Palestinian refugees and UNRWA
      • 611.84 and 784.00: U.S. Jerusalem policy and the situation in the city
      • 611.84A and 611.86B: U.S. policy and relations regarding Israel and the United Arab Republic, respectively
      • 684A.85, 684A.86, 684A.86B: Israel’s dispute with Jordan, the Arabs in general, and the United Arab Republic, respectively
      • 684A.85322: Jordan water question (diversion of international waters between Israel and Jordan)
      • 686B.87: Egyptian-Iraqi relations
      • 780.00: General political conditions in the Middle East
      • 784A.5411: Overflights of Israeli territory during Lebanon crisis
      • 784A.5, 784A.56, 784A.5–MSP: Israeli national defense, military assistance and supply for Israel
      • 786B.11: President of the United Arab Republic, Nasser
      • 786B.5, 786B.56, 786B.5–MSP: UAR National Defense, military assistance for the United Arab Republic
      • 811.0086B: U.S. economic assistance for the United Arab Republic
      • 884A.1866: Immigration to Israel
      • 884A.1901: Atomic energy for peaceful purposes in Israel
      • 884A.424: Israeli Tenth Anniversary parade in Jerusalem
      • 886B.2321: Egyptian cotton
      • 886B.2614: Aswan Dam
      • 980.74: Gulf of Aqaba
      • 986B.7301: Suez Canal
    • North Africa
      • 110.11–DU: Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, correspondence, travel, conversations
      • 110.11–HE: Secretary of State Christian A. Herter, correspondence, travel, conversations
      • 110.12–MU: Under Secretary of State Robert Murphy, correspondence, travel, conversations
      • 320: U.N. General Assembly
      • 611.51, 611.71, 611.72, 611.73, and subfiles: U.S. relations with France, Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya, respectively
      • 651.51S, 651.71, and 651.72: French relations with Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, respectively
      • 671.00: General Moroccan international relations
      • 672.00: General Tunisian international relations
      • 711.11–EI: President Dwight D. Eisenhower
      • 711.56371, 711.56373: U.S. military bases in Morocco and Libya, respectively
      • 751.11: French President Charles de Gaulle
      • 751S.00: General political conditions in Algeria
      • 770A.00 and subfiles: General political and military conditions in the Mediterranean
      • 771.5–MSP, 771.5622, 771.56311: Military assistance for Morocco, U.S. bases in Morocco
      • 772.00: General political conditions in Tunisia
      • 772.11: Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba
      • 772.5, 772.5–MSP, 772.56: Tunisian national defense, military assistance for Tunisia
      • 773.5, 773.5–MSP, 773.56: Libyan national defense, military assistance for Libya, U.S. bases in Libya

    2.
    Lot Files. Documents from the central files have been supplemented by lot files of the Department, which are decentralized files created by operating areas. A list of the lot files used in or consulted for this volume follows:
    • AF/AFI Files: Lot 62 D 406
      • Political/military files for 1951–1960, maintained by the Politico-Military Adviser of the Office of African Affairs, later the Bureau of African Affairs.
    • AF/AFN Files: Lot 63 D 250
      • Subject files on Morocco for the years 1956–1962, maintained by the Office of Northern African Affairs of the Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of African Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • AF/AFN Files: Lot 63 D 304
      • Subject files on Tunisia for the years 1956–1962, maintained by the Office of Northern African Affairs of the Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of African Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • AF/AFN Files: Lot 65 D 182
      • Algerian Desk and Algerian Regional Files for the years 1959–1962, maintained by the Office of Northern African Affairs of the Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of African Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • AFN Files: Lot 65 D 178
      • Economic files for North Africa (Algeria, Ethiopia, Libya, Somali, Sudan, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia) for the years 1958–1961, maintained by the Office of Northern African Affairs of the Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of African Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • Conference Files: Lots 63 D 123; 64 D 559; 64 D 560
      • See entry under Washington National Records Center.
    • EUR/RPM Files: Lot 64 D 444
      • Collection of documentation on NATO and NATO countries for the years 1950–1961, maintained by the Office of Atlantic Political and Military Affairs, Bureau of European Affairs. Subjects covered include political, economic, visits, civil emergency planning, command, mutual weapons development program, weapons production program, offshore procurement program, atomic stockpile, defense, air defense, contingency planning, and logistics.
    • INR Files: Lot 58 D 776
      • Top Secret/Noforn Intelligence files for the years 1945–1957, maintained by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Consolidated with Lots 58 D 500, 58 D 159, 60 D 644, 61 D 167, and 62 D 42.
    • INR–NIE Files
      • Files retained by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research containing copies of National Intelligence Estimates and Special National Intelligence Estimates, including NIEs and SNIEs for the 1958–1960 period.
    • IO Files: Lot 65 D 30
      • Miscellaneous information telegrams, memoranda, and general non-policy correspondence for the years 1957–1960, as well as some papers dating back to 1947, maintained by the Bureau of International Organization Affairs.
    • IO Files: Lot 71 D 440
      • Master files of classified records and correspondence of U.S. delegations to sessions of the U.N. General Assembly for the years 1945–1965, maintained by the Bureau of International Organization Affairs.
    • IO/UNP Files: Lot 72 D 294
      • Documentation on the U.N. Palestine Conciliation Commission for the years 1950–1967, maintained by the Office of United Nations Political and Military Affairs, Bureau of International Organization Affairs.
    • IO/UNP Files: Lot 79 D 215
      • Files maintained by the Office of United Nations Political Affairs, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, for the years 1947–1975.
    • NEA Files: Lot 59 D 582
      • Files on Lebanon and Israel for the years 1953–1958, including reports, memoranda, and correspondence, maintained by the Division of Israel–Lebanon Affairs of the Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA Files: Lot 60 D 580
      • Material on Israel, Lebanon, Jerusalem, and the Middle East for the year 1958, with some material dating from April 1950, maintained by the Division of Israel–Lebanon Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA Files: Lot 61 D 43
      • Geographic files for Near Eastern countries and chronological files, including correspondence and memoranda of all types, pertaining to the Near East area for 1959, maintained by the Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.
    • NEA Files: Lot 62 D 25
      • Miscellaneous subject files pertaining to Iraq for the years 1958–1960 and miscellaneous subject files pertaining to Jordan for the years 1959–1960, maintained by the Iraq–Jordan Desk of the Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA Files: Lot 62 D 435
      • Geographic files for Near Eastern countries and chronological files, including correspondence and memoranda of all types, pertaining to Near East area for 1960, maintained by the Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.
    • NEA Files: Lot 63 D 52
      • Miscellaneous subject files pertaining to Lebanon, Israel, and the Middle East for the years 1958–1961, maintained by the Lebanon–Israel Desk of the Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.
    • NEA Files: Lot 70 D 66
      • UNRWA records for the years 1957–1963 and 1965–1966 and records pertaining to Jordan Waters for 1964, maintained by the Office of Israel and Arab-Israel Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA Files: Lot 70 D 304
      • Documentation on the Banat Yaacov Dispute (Jordan Waters) for the years 1953–1954; Jordan Waters files, 1963–1966; miscellaneous files from the early 1960s, including those pertaining to the Arlie House Talks, Komer–Eshkol, Komer–Harriman Mission, and Near East Arms; POL files, 1966; POL 23 through POL 32–5 files, 1967; Briefing Papers, 1967; and Arab-Israeli War Briefing Papers (Department of Defense), maintained by the Office of Israel and Arab-Israel Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA/IAI Files: Lot 70 D 229
      • Political and refugee files on the Middle East for the years 1950–1964, maintained by the Office of Israel and Arab-Israel Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA/IAI Files: Lot 70 D 254
      • Documentation on the Eric Johnston Mission and the Jordan Valley Waters for the years 1945–1963 (Yarmuk Project), maintained by the Office of Israel and Arab-Israel Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA/NE Files: Lot 61 D 59
      • Miscellaneous files for the years 1953–1960, including documentation on Syria, Egypt, and the United Arab Republic, maintained by the UAR Desk of the Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs (Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs as of August 20, 1958).
    • NEA/NE Files: Lot 63 D 59
      • Files pertaining to Saudia Arabia and the entire Arabian Peninsula for the year 1960, maintained by the Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.
    • NEA/NE Files: Lot 65 D 5
      • Documentation, including telegrams, airgrams, memoranda, memoranda of conversation, FBIS items, and letters, pertaining to Lebanon, Israel, and the Near East, maintained by the Division of Lebanon-Israel Affairs, Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.
    • OCB Files: Lot 61 D 385
      • Master set of the administrative and country files of the Operations Coordinating Board for the years 1953–1960, maintained in the Operations Staff.
    • OCB Files: Lot 62 D 430
      • Master files of the Operation Coordinating Board for the years 1953–1960, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • PPS Files: Lot 67 D 548
      • Subject files, country files, chronological files, documents, drafts, and related correspondence of the Policy Planning Staff for the years 1957–1961.
    • Presidential Correspondence: Lot 64 D 174
      • Exchanges of correspondence between President Eisenhower and heads of foreign governments, excluding the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and the USSR, for the years 1953–1960, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • Presidential Correspondence: Lot 66 D 204
      • Exchanges of correspondence between the President and the heads of foreign governments for the years 1953–1964, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199
      • Chronological collections of the Secretary of State’s memoranda of conversation and the Under Secretary of State’s memoranda of conversation for the years 1953–1960, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • Secretary’s Staff Meetings: Lot 63 D 75
      • Chronological collections of the minutes of the Secretary of State’s Staff Meetings during the years 1952–1960, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • S/PNSC Files: Lot 62 D 1
      • Serial and subject master file of National Security Council documents and correspondence for the years 1948–1961, maintained by the Policy Planning Staff.
    • S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351
      • Serial master file of National Security Council documents and correspondence and related Department of State memoranda for the years 1947–1961, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • S/SNSC (Miscellaneous) Files: Lot 66 D 95
      • Administrative and miscellaneous National Security Council documentation, including Records of Action, for the years 1947–1963, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417
      • Top Secret records of meetings between representatives of the Department of State and the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the years 1951–1959 and selected problem files on the Middle East for the years 1954–1956, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
    • State–JCS Meetings: Lot 70 D 328
      • Top Secret records of meetings between representatives of the Department of State and the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the years 1959–1963, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kansas
    • Dulles Papers
      • Records of John Foster Dulles, 1952–1959, including General Memoranda of Conversation, Meetings with the President, General Telephone Conversations, and White House Telephone Conversations.
    • Herter Papers
      • Papers of Christian A. Herter, 1957–1961. Herter was Under Secretary of State, 1957–1959, and Secretary of State, 1959–1961.
    • President’s Daily Appointments
      • From White House Office Files, Records of the Office of the Special Assistant for Executive Appointments, 1952–1961.
    • Staff Secretary Records
      • Records of the Office of the White House Staff Secretary, 1952–1961, including records of Paul T. Carroll, Andrew J. Goodpaster, L. Arthur Minnich, Jr., and Christopher H. Russell.
    • White House Central Files
      • Records of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President, 1953–1961. Documents cited in this volume are from the Confidential File within this collection.
    • White House Office Files
      • Several White House office collections, including files of the Office of the Staff Secretary, and Project Clean Up.
    • Whitman File
      • Papers of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President of the United States, 1953–1961, maintained by his personal Secretary, Ann Whitman. The Whitman File includes the following elements: Name series, Dulles–Herter series, Eisenhower Diaries, Ann Whitman (ACW) Diaries, National Security Council Records, Miscellaneous Records, Cabinet Papers, Legislative Meetings, International Meetings, Administrative series, and International File.
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
    • RG 59, Conference Files: FRC 83–0067
      • Lot File 63 D 123: Collection of documentation on official visits by heads of government and foreign ministers to the United States and on major international conferences attended by the Secretary of State for the years 1955–1958, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat of the Department of State.
    • RG 59, Conference Files: FRC 83–0068
      • Lot 64 D 559: Collection of documentation of official visits by heads of government and foreign ministers to the United States and on major international conferences attended by the Secretary of State for the year 1960, maintained by the Executive Secretariat of the Department of State.
      • Lot 64 D 560: Collection of documentation of official visits by heads of government and foreign ministers to the United States and on major international conferences attended by the Secretary of State for the year 1959, maintained by the Executive Secretariat of the Department of State.