66. Editorial Note

On June 10, Swedish Representative Gunnar V. Jarring submitted a draft resolution to the U.N. Security Council calling for the dispatch to Lebanon of an observation group “to ensure that there is no illegal infiltration of personnel or supply of arms or other material across the Lebanese borders.” (U.N. Doc. S/4022) U.S. Representative Henry Cabot Lodge supported the resolution as “a useful attempt to meet a pressing situation.” (USUN Press Release No. 2939, June 10, 1958) After extensive debate, the Security Council adopted the Swedish resolution on June 11, and authorized the Secretary-General to implement it. (U.N. Doc. S/4023)

Secretary of State Dulles subsequently discussed the resolution with Foreign Minister Charles Malik. Malik explained that his country would have preferred a stronger resolution condemning the United Arab Republic for interference in Lebanese affairs, but recognized that any resolution stronger than that proposed by Sweden would have been vetoed by the Soviet Union. (Memorandum of conversation, June 13; Department of State, Central Files, 783A.00/6–1358; included in the microfiche supplement) Ambassador McClintock reported from Beirut that there was a general feeling of relief in the Lebanese Government over the U.N. resolution. President Chamoun was particularly elated. McClintock noted that the British and French Ambassadors concurred with him in the assessment that, with adequate forces, the U.N. observer team should be able to prevent further infiltration of partisans and arms from Syria. (Telegram 4653 from Beirut, June 12; Department of State, Central Files, 783A.00/6–1258; included in the microfiche supplement)

On June 16, Secretary-General Hammarskjöld reported to the Security Council that an observation team consisting of Lasso Galo Plaza of Ecuador, Rajeshwar Dayal of India, and Major-General Odd

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Bull of Norway had been established. By June 26, the team was supported by 94 military officers from 11 member nations, assigned to act in the capacity of observers. (U.N. Doc. S/4029)