June–December 1958: C–118 and C–130 Airplane Incidents; U.S. Balloon Reconnaissance Program; Visits to the Soviet Union of Adlai E. Stevenson, Eric Johnston, and Hubert Humphrey

48. Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INR-NIE Files. Secret. According to a note on the cover sheet, the CIA and the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State, the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and The Joint Staff participated in the preparation of this estimate, which was concurred in by the Intelligence Advisory Committee on July 8. The AEC representative to the IAC and the Assistant Director of FBI abstained because the subject was outside their jurisdiction.

49. Telegram From the Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.61/7–2358. Secret; Priority; Limit Distribution.

51. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Eisenhower Library, Project Clean Up, Intelligence Matters. Top Secret. Prepared by Goodpaster.

54. Report Prepared in the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.61/9–1058. Confidential. Drafted by John A. Armitage. An attached memorandum from Kohler to Dulles, September 10, briefly summarized this report. Also attached was a memorandum from Elbrick to Dulles, September 8, that noted Stevenson’s consultation with Ambassador Thompson before his conversations with Soviet leaders.

56. Report by Eric Johnston

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Administration Series, ERIC JOHNSTON. Confidential; Limit Distribution. ERIC JOHNSTON, President of the Motion Picture Association of America, visited the Soviet Union in September and October to conduct negotiations on the purchase and sale of motion pictures under the cultural exchange agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union. The portion of the report printed here, which was presumably drafted after Johnston’s return, recounts his meeting with Khrushchev on October 6 near Gagra in the Soviet Union. Before leaving the Soviet Union, Johnston left with the Embassy in Moscow an account of his conversation with Khrushchev, highlights of which were reported in telegrams 778 and 784 from Moscow, October 8. (Department of State, Central Files, 761.5411/10–858 and 032–Johnston, Eric/10–858, respectively) The full text of Johnston’s account, which is identical to the text printed here, was transmitted in despatch 223, October 10. (Ibid., 032–Johnston, Eric/10–1058)

Attached to the source text is a November 11 memorandum from J.S. Earman, Executive Officer of the CIA, to Minnich forwarding Johnston’s memorandum as well as a memorandum of Johnston’s November 4 conversation with Allen Dulles (Document 57).

Also attached to the source text are a briefing note for the President prepared by Minnich on November 13 summarizing the topics covered in Johnston’s memorandum and an undated cover sheet indicating that the President would see Johnston at 8:45 a.m. Eisenhower met with Johnston on November 14, 8:43–9:43 a.m., but no record of their conversation has been found. (Eisenhower Library, President’s Appointment Books)

57. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Administration Series, ERIC JOHNSTON. Secret. The source text bears no drafting information. This memorandum of conversation was given to the President; see the source note, Document 56.

58. Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at the Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting

[Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417. Top Secret. Extract—4 pages of source text not declassified.]