129. National Security Council Report1
STATEMENT OF U.S. POLICY TOWARD THE WEST INDIES
1. Free World orientation of The West Indies including (a) cooperation with the United States in world affairs, (b) economic development conducive to the maintenance of political stability, pro-Western orientation and free democratic institutions, (c) cooperation with the Free World defense efforts, and (d) preservation of freedom from Communist influence.
2. Orderly progress toward independence and subsequent maintenance of a stable and democratic government.
3. U.S. access to such military rights and facilities as may be required by U.S. national security interests.
4. Both before and after independence, to the extent feasible rely on the United Kingdom to influence and support The West Indies in recognition of acknowledged U.K. responsibilities, and at the same [Page 434] time recognize that geographic propinquity and U.S. interests in the federation will result in close relations with the United States and in an increasing identity of federation interests with the United States.
5. Without weakening its ties with the Commonwealth, encourage The West Indies to establish a constructive relationship with other nations of the Western Hemisphere and with OAS and other hemispheric organizations.
6. Continue to support the Caribbean Commission and its successor, the Caribbean Organization, and to encourage participation of The West Indies in it.
7. To the extent feasible encourage efforts of The West Indies to establish a strong central government.
8. Be prepared as appropriate to encourage British Guiana to join the federation.
9. Promote, through information and educational exchange programs and other appropriate means, (a) understanding of and friendship with the United States and (b) appreciation by The West Indies of the role it can play in over-all Western Hemispheric defense by permitting U.S. retention of its military facilities in the area.
10. As The West Indies achieves independence, encourage it (a) to make the maximum contribution to its own economic development, (b) to eliminate barriers to trade and investment, particularly those which discriminate against the United States, (c) to take measures capable of attracting maximum amounts of external private capital, (d) to look essentially to the British Commonwealth, to the Free World international financial institutions, and to private investment to meet its needs for external capital, and (e) to avoid unrealistic expectations of U.S. assistance both before and after independence.
11. Urge the United Kingdom to continue, both before and after independence, to assume the basic responsibility of assuring that the needs of The West Indies for external capital are met.
12. While relying on the United Kingdom, Canada and other Commonwealth countries, Free World international financial institutions and private sources to meet the requirements of The West Indies for external capital, provide technical assistance and modest economic assistance on a grant or loan basis as may be required to demonstrate U.S. interest in The West Indies which, together with the entire Latin American area, is of vital significance to the United States and also to support over-all U.S. efforts to maintain continued U.S. access to required military facilities.[Page 435]
13. Encourage U.S. private foundations to undertake activities in The West Indies particularly in the field of education.
14. Encourage the strengthening of democratic trade unionism, and an appreciation on the part of the West Indian trade union movement of U.S. foreign policy and defense objectives. Encourage American firms having interests in the federation to support free trade unionism as a bulwark against extremist movements (e.g., Communist and ultra-nationalist).
15. Encourage acceptance by The West Indies of the concept that, when independent, its contribution to the defense of the hemisphere and of the Commonwealth will consist of (a) ensuring its own internal security and (b) continuing to make available those base rights and facilities in The West Indies which are essential to the fulfillment of the U.S. primary responsibility for hemispheric military operations. Toward this end, make an early effort to associate The West Indies with agreements between the United States and the United Kingdom concerning base rights and facilities in The West Indies, if possible, before The West Indies obtains independence.
16. Utilize appropriate U.S. programs to assist in maintaining a climate within The West Indies which will be conducive to the retention of U.S. base rights and facilities. Urge the United Kingdom and Canada to use their influence in the maintenance of such a climate.
17. With a view to placing maximum U.S. effort on the retention, after The West Indies become independent, of required areas and on obtaining the right to acquire new areas which may be required, be prepared to negotiate for the extension of present rights to these important areas and facilities, offering to release outright certain other leased areas which are clearly no longer required.
18. Should it become necessary for the United States to make financial or other arrangements for the maintenance of required U.S. base rights and facilities in the area, be prepared to offer additional assistance or other appropriate quid pro quo, commensurate with the value of these rights and facilities to the United States.2
19. Make clear to the United Kingdom and to The West Indies that we expect the United Kingdom to provide such external military assistance as may be required for the federation’s internal security forces. However, if this approach fails and if required to achieve U.S. objectives [Page 436] in The West Indies, consider, after consultation with the United Kingdom, providing U.S. assistance to meet the federation’s minimum legitimate internal security requirements.
- Source: Department of State, S/P–NSC Files: Lot 62 D 1, NSC 6002 Series. Secret. A cover sheet and transmittal memorandum are not printed. In the memorandum, March 21, Lay informed recipients that the President had that day approved NSC 6002/ 1 and designated the Operations Coordinating Board as the coordinating agency for its implementation.↩
- The Department of Defense has been directed to undertake in consultation with the Department of State an over-all study of the feasibility and desirability of utilizing direct rental payments as quid por quo for the maintenance of military rights and facilities in various foreign countries. [Footnote in the source text.]↩
- U.S. tourists are estimated to have spent $36 million in The West Indies in 1958. [Footnote in the source text.]↩
- The Caribbean Commission, made up of representatives of the four governments with dependencies in the Caribbean (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Netherlands) was a post-war outgrowth of the Anglo-American Caribbean Commission which operated during World War II. Its activities have included technical assistance, exchange of information among the dependencies, and the maintenance of a library. Its headquarters were in Port of Spain. Following the desires of the people in the area, the Caribbean Organization is being established to supplant the Commission. It will be made up of representatives of the dependencies themselves rather than of the metropolitan powers. It will carry on essentially the same work as the predecessor organization, but the headquarters will be moved to Puerto Rico. [Footnote in the source text.]↩