Conference files, lot 60 D 627, CF 359
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs ( Merchant ) to the Secretary of State 1
- Alternative to EDC.
Attached at Tab A is a Memorandum for the President which he has already received outlining a program to meet the present European crisis.2 At Tab B is a paper which spells out this program in greater detail. At Tab C is a proposed NATO resolution to be approved by a special Council meeting in October.3 At Tab D is a proposal for restoring German sovereignty.
In connection with these papers, I should like to call your attention particularly to the following points:
- The President should be aware that we have not attempted to deal with the problem of what happens in the event of the unification of Germany. We are continuing to consult the Legal Advisers’ Office on this point in an effort to develop a position.
- In your absence, we have not submitted a copy of these papers to the Department of Defense, although we have kept them generally informed of our thinking. I believe we should transmit copies of the papers to Defense for their comments as soon as you have had a chance to review them. We should also transmit promptly copies to Ambassador Hughes and General Gruenther for their private comments.
- From the tactical point of view, particularly in negotiating with Adenauer, we should not accept the position that the contractual agreements are dead. There are still some principles in these agreements which are important to us and our bargaining position will be better if we cling as long as possible to the view that they remain in effect.
- In discussing our position with the British and French we should emphasize that we are not relying only on unilateral German commitments. Many of the provisions in our program which will limit German control over their military establishment are multilateral.
- In negotiating with the Germans on the status of forces problem, we will probably be driven back on acceptance, at least publicly, of the NATO SOF formula. In order to improve our position vis-à-vis Defense and Congress, we should, however, attempt vigorously to negotiate additional concessions on treatment of troops in a supplementary arrangement such as we have recently reached with Italy.
- We are agreed that for the practical purpose of putting pressure on the French we must have a veto-proof alternative for German rearmament such as that outlined in paragraph 4 of Tab B. I wish to emphasize, however, my conviction that any alternative requiring us to proceed without French cooperation does not conform to your basic principle that a strong Europe can be built only on Franco-German collaboration. Consequently, any such alternative is not an end itself [Page 1164] but only a bargaining device and we should not become over-committed to it, but should retain essential flexibility.
- If an opportunity presents itself, I suggest you ask Secretary Wilson and Admiral Radford to pull together from the many studies now going on in the Pentagon the essential military comments on the British document outlining their program for German membership in NATO. I am convinced that at some point in our forthcoming negotiations we must have a position on this particular paper.
- Drafted by Ben T. Moore.↩
- For text of Tab A, see Acting Secretary of State Smith’s unnumbered telegram to President Eisenhower of Sept. 10, p. 1160.↩
- Not printed.↩
- Documentation concerning European integration, including U.S. policy toward the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Political Community, is presented in volume vi .↩
- Ellipsis in the source text.↩
- The text of Adenauer’s radio statement was transmitted to the Department of State in telegram 692 from Bonn, Sept. 7 (662A.00/9–754).↩
- For a summary of Conant’s meeting with Adenauer on Sept. 7, see telegram 698 from Bonn, Sept. 7, p. 1152.↩
- Documentation concerning contractual relations with the Federal Republic of Germany, including negotiations over the various conventions, is presented in volume vii .↩
- For the text of Senate Resolution 295 approved on July 30, 1954, see the Department of State Bulletin, Aug. 23, 1954, p. 284.↩
- For the complete text of Dulles’ statement of Aug. 31, see p. 1120.↩