UNP files, lot 59 D 237, “Membership”
Memorandum by the Director of the Office of United Nations Political and Security Affairs (Wainhouse) to the Assistant Secretary of State for United Nations Affairs (Hickerson)
- Admission of New Members to the United Nations
Attached is a summary of a Membership Team discussion of your suggestions concerning a possible package deal. While only preliminary views were expressed and although FE and GER in particular had reservations, there was a general disposition to proceed with exploring such an arrangement. However, there was little support for a Charter amendment.1
At this stage, the following points arise for decision:
1. Package Proposal
a) States to be Included. There are now eleven non-Soviet applicants. Japan will probably apply soon and Germany, Spain, Laos and Cambodia are possible future applicants. Of all these, Korea, Germany and Vietnam would probably have to be excluded to prevent a Soviet veto. If Vietnam is excluded, Laos and Cambodia would also have to be omitted. FE appears willing to consider this, but believes that we would have to justify the exclusion of Korea and Vietnam on ether grounds than the fact of rival claimants. Spain presents another problem. We believe it should be included, but this could mean a Soviet veto.
The Soviet Union would in all likelihood insist on the inclusion of all five of its candidates. Of these, Outer Mongolia is especially difficult, particularly if Korea is excluded. However, FE is willing to consider this.
b) Timing. If the Department should decide to accept a package proposal, should we wait until the Seventh Session of the Assembly or should action be taken earlier in the Security Council? Should we suggest that Japan apply in the near future? Should we approach Spain to apply for membership if it is decided that it should be included?
2. Amendment to Article 4
We are not sure what your present thought is concerning the nature of the amendment. The following alternatives suggest themselves: [Page 805] (a) removal of the qualifications for membership; (b) removal of the veto from votes on membership; (c) elimination of the role of the Security Council admission procedures; and (d) a combination of (a) and either (b) or (c).