Editorial Note

On April 14, Pakistani Foreign Secretary Ikramullah sent Ambassador Warren a memorandum containing a three-point reply by his government to the United States approach of November 6, 1950. It stated that (1) the Government of Pakistan agreed to the first two United States proposals of November 6, on the condition that the Government of Afghanistan also agreed to them and ceased its propaganda and other actions in favor of Pushtunistan which constituted attacks on Pakistan’s territorial integrity; (2) if Afghanistan accepted and implemented these proposals, Pakistan would be ready to exchange Ambassadors in two months; (3) Pakistan would be prepared for discussion with the Afghan Ambassador on matters of mutual concern, provided Afghanistan continued to cease propaganda and prevent incidents, and Pakistan would be prepared to hold a conference between the two governments if this discussion indicated a conference would be successful.

In a letter to Warren transmitting this memorandum, Ikramullah also commented on the visit to Jalalabad of Colonel A. S. B. Shah, Secretary of the Pakistani Ministry of States and Frontier Affairs, for informal discussions with Faiz Mohammed Khan, former Afghan Minister of Education. Ikramullah recalled that Faiz Mohammed Khan had discussed Afghanistan-Pakistan relations with Colonel Shah while in Karachi in February 1951. Colonel Shah replied that Pakistan was ready to have friendly relations with Afghanistan, provided the latter ceased its Pushtunistan activities. Faiz Mohammed Khan proposed further talks; the Government of Pakistan considered the invitation and, in the interest of promoting friendly relations with Afghanistan, authorized Colonel Shah to meet Faiz Mohammed Khan at Jalalabad. Colonel Shah was expected to reach Jalalabad on April 14, Ikramullah stated, and was instructed by the Government of Pakistan to discuss all matters of mutual concern with the exception of the Pushtunistan question. (Telegram 960 from Karachi, April 14; 689.90D/4–1451)