Editorial Note

On April 26, 1950, the United States Government sent to the Governments of Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania additional communications on the subject of the disputes which had arisen over the violation of the human rights clauses of the Treaties of Peace with the three states. The communications drew the attention of the three Governments to the advisory opinion given by the International Court of Justice on March 30 (see the editorial note, page 12). For the text of the note to the Hungarian Government, see Department of State Bulletin, May 8, 1950, page 738, or American Foreign Policy, 1950–1955: Basic Documents, volume II, page 2078. Substantially similar notes were delivered to Romania and Bulgaria. The note to the Bulgarian Government was delivered through the Swiss Government which assumed charge of American interests in Bulgaria following the severance of diplomatic relations between the United States and Bulgaria in February 1950. The British Government sent parallel communications to the Bulgarian, Hungarian, and Romanian Governments. For the text of an explanatory statement issued to the press by the Department of State, see Department of State Bulletin, May 8, 1950, page 737.

For an explanation of the Department of State’s reasons for sending these communications, see telegram 1679, April 13, to London, supra.