893.00/11–948: Telegram

The Ambassador in China (Stuart) to the Secretary of State

2150. Sino Supreme Headquarters today informed Military Attaché,64 who is reporting separately, that battle for Hsuchou has begun. Stated two Nationalist divisions, formerly under Feng Yu-hsiang, have already gone over to Communists and fear defection five [Page 558] similar division[s] in same area. Also said Government intends defend Nanking at all costs and that he expected “serious trouble” here.

Present local garrison insufficient long defense of city. Former Hulutao garrison now en route here by water for reenforcement. However, their reliability considered highly dubious. Consensus American military observers agrees Communist assault on Nanking will begin within 7 to 10 days.

  1. Brig. Gen. Robert H. Soule.