Department of State Atomic Energy Files
Memorandum by Mr. Edmund A. Gullion, Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State (Lovett), to the Secretary of State 1
Memorandum for the Secretary
Subject: Senator McMahon’s2 amendment tot he Economic Cooperation Bill (S–2202)
Facts Bearing on the Problem
Section 15(b) of S–2202 provides for the conclusion of a series of bilateral agreements between the United States and participating countries as a condition precedent to their receiving assistance under the Act.
Senator McMahon has now offered the following amendment:
“(e) In addition to the provision required by subsection (b) to be included in agreements concluded with participating countries under this Act, there shall be included an undertaking by each such country to prohibit the exportation other than to the United States from such country of any commodity of which the exportation from the United States is (1) determined by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, and the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, acting jointly, to be inconsistent with the national security, and (2) prohibited by or pursuant to the laws of the United States.”
The Department of State has followed closely the drafting of all the Section 15 provisions in the Act with the object of insuring that they were reasonable and did not lay us open to the charge of economic imperialism or of using the Act to further selfish military or atomic designs. The McMahon amendment has those defects; and is unnecessary for the reasons expressed in the attached findings (Part A is restricted, Part B is Top Secret).
- That the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, and the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission consult together with a view to getting Senator McMahon to withdraw his amendment, for the reasons expressed in the attached findings.
- If the amendment is not withdrawn, that these Departments express an opinion against it, either, (1) before the Foreign Relations [Page 696] Committee or the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy or (2) by parallel letters to Senator McMahon and the Chairmen of the Committees.
The amendment proposed by Senator McMahon is undesirable. Some of the reservations to it may be expressed openly although with appropriate discretion (Part A); others (Part B3) involve reference to secret matters, and there is attached a Top Secret note with reference to these.
- The initials of the Secretary of State appear on the source text.↩
- Brien McMahon, United States Senator from Connecticut; ranking Democrat on the Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy; author of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, Public Law 585, 79 Congress, 60 Stat. 755–775 (the McMahon Act).↩
- Post, p. 699.↩