Department of State Atomic Energy Files
Minutes of the Meeting of the Combined Policy Committee, at Blair House, Washington, D.C., January 7, 1948, 4 p. m.
The Under Secretary of State, Mr. Lovett (in the Chair) as alternate for the Secretary of State
The Secretary of Defense, Mr. Forrestal
The Chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, Mr. Lilienthal
The British Ambassador, Lord Inverchapel
The Canadian Ambassador, Mr. Hume Wrong, as alternate for Mr. C. D. Howe1
Sir Gordon Munro2
Admiral Sir Henry Moore10[Page 680]
II. New basis of tri-partite cooperation.
The Chairman stated that he was authorized to say on behalf of his Government that it intended to proceed on the basis of the modus vivendi which was before the Committee in regard to atomic energy problems of common concern to the governments of the United States, United Kingdom and Canada. He suggested that, if the Committee agreed, the modus vivendi should be included, as a matter of record, in the minutes of the meeting.
Lord Inverchapel stated that he was authorized by his Government to say that they also intended to proceed on the basis described by the Chairman.
Mr. Wrong stated that he also was authorized by his Government to say that it intended to proceed on this same basis.
The Chairman directed that these statements be recorded in the minutes, together with the modus vivendi. The latter is attached as Annex A.
III. Raw Materials.
On the proposal of the Chairman the Committee approved the report (attached as Annex B) of the Sub-group on raw material making recommendations for allocations in 1948 and 1949.
IV. Technical cooperation.
On the proposal of the Canadian Ambassador the Committee agreed that the report of the Subgroup on Technical Co-operation,17 attached [Page 681]to the minutes of the Committee’s meeting of December 15 as Tab A, should come into effect.
V. Areas of cooperation between members of the British Commonwealth.
The British Ambassador suggested that the statement on this subject put forward by the U.K. Government (attached as Annex C) should be recognized.
Mr. Lilienthal asked whether he was right in thinking that, apart from the provision in para, 9(a) of the tri-partite agreement with the Belgian Government18 and the arrangements proposed for recognition in Annex C, none of the CPC governments had any commitment to furnish information concerning atomic energy to any other country or persons. The Committee agreed that this was so.
The Committee approved the British Ambassador’s proposal.
VI. Standing Subgroup of scientific advisers.
The British Ambassador proposed, that a standing Sub-group of scientific advisers be set up in order to:
- Implement the report of the Sub-group on Technical Co-operation which had just been declared to be in effect.
- Keep other possible areas of information and experience under review.
- Make recommendations from time to time to the CPC on the development of technical cooperation.
Mr. Lilienthal raised in this connection the interpretation of paragraph 6 of the modus vivendi. He pointed out that the subjects on the initial list of subjects for technical cooperation were necessarily rather widely defined and that separate topics in each of these areas would require consideration in the light of the laws of the three countries. It would not therefore be possible to give full discretionary authority to the U.S. member of the proposed standing Sub-group.
Mr. Makins said that it was well understood that the three members of the proposed Sub-group would be guided by the instructions of their respective national authorities, which in the case of the U.S. member would no doubt be the United States Atomic Energy Commission. It was his understanding that the Sub-group would not normally need to refer to the Combined Policy Committee, except in [Page 682]case of disagreement or difficulty in effecting cooperation, or for the purpose of seeking authority to add fresh areas of information and exchange.
The Committee approved the British Ambassador’s proposal.
VII. Concluding remarks.
The British Ambassador said that the declarations made and decisions taken at the meeting inaugurated a new and hopeful chapter in the association of the three countries in atomic energy development. He expressed appreciation of the frank and helpful attitude which had been shown during the discussions and said that the U.K. members were deeply impressed by Mr. Forrestal’s statement at the Committee’s last meeting19 that he regarded the United Kingdom and Canada as partners in the field of atomic energy. This was also their conception of the relationship which had just been established. The United Kingdom expected this partnership to develop and extend rapidly. Lort Inverchapel expressed the belief that, as its programme developed, the United Kingdom would have an increasingly useful contribution to make toward the work of the partnership.
Mr. Lovett expressed the appreciation of the U.S. members and of the United States Government of the parts played by the United Kingdom and Canada in reaching the new basis of understanding, which he believed was in the common cause. He also expressed his personal appreciation of the spiriit and manner in which the discussions had been conducted.
The Canadian Ambassador expressed his belief that the understanding reached represented a considerable accomplishment. He too referred to the spirit in which the discussions had been conducted and expressed thanks to the Chairman for the part which he had played.
The meeting then adjourned.
- Clarence Decatur Howe, Canadian Minister of Reconstruction and Supply; appointed Minister of Trade and Commerce, January 19, 1948.↩
- Minister, British Embassy.↩
- Sumner T. Pike, Member of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.↩
- Lewis L. Strauss, Member of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.↩
- William W. Waymack, Member of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.↩
- George F. Kennan, Director of the Policy Planning Staff, Department of State.↩
- Ernest A. Gross, Legal Adviser, Department of State.↩
- Joseph Volpe, Jr., of the Office of General Counsel, United States Atomic Energy Commission.↩
- George Bateman, former Canadian Member of the Joint Secretariat of the Combined Policy Committee.↩
- Head of the British Naval Mission in the United States; Member of the Combined Chiefs of Staff.↩
- Roger M. Makins, Assistant Under Secretary of State, British Foreign Office; former Minister in the United States and member of the Joint Secretariat of the CPC.↩
- David E. H. Peirson, Assistant Secretary in the Headquarters Division of the British Ministry of Supply.↩
- Thomas A. Stone, Minister, Canadian Embassy.↩
- Donald D. Maclean, First Secretary, British Embassy.↩
- Foreign Relations, 1947, vol. i, p. 889.↩
- Ibid., p. 897.↩
- Ibid., p. 894.↩
- For the Memorandum
of Agreement Between the United States, the United Kingdom, and Belgium
Regarding Control of Uranium, September 26, 1944, see
Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. ii, pp. 1029–1030. Paragraph 9(a) read as follows:
“In the event of the Governments of the United States of America and of the United Kingdom deciding to utilize as a source of energy for commercial purposes ores obtained under this agreement the said Governments will admit the Belgian Government to participation in such utilization on equitable terms.”
- December 15, 1947.↩
- Adviser, United States Delegation to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission.↩
- Second Secretary, British Embassy.↩
- Alternate Canadian Representative to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission.↩
- This proposal was prepared in accordance with decisions taken by the Combined Policy Committee at its meeting of December 15, 1947. The drafting subcommittee consisted of Gullion and Volpe (United States), Peirson and Maclean (United Kingdom), and Ignatieff and Stone (Canada).↩
- The documents under
reference, contained in the records of the Combined
Policy Committee (Department of State Atomic Energy
Files), are not printed.
In regard to wartime patent arrangements, see Margaret Gowing, Britain and Atomic Energy 1939–1945 (London, St. Martin’s Press, 1964), pp. 244–245.↩
- See footnote 7, paragraph 2, p. 678.↩
- For texts, see Foreign Relations, 1945, vol. ii, pp. 44 and 47–48.↩
- For text, see Department of State Treaties and Other International Acts Series (TIAS) No. 1504, or 60 Stat. (pt. 2) 1479.↩
- This proposal was prepared by a subcommittee established by the Combined Policy Committee at its meeting of December 15, 1947. The subcommittee consisted of Kennan and Carroll Wilson, General Manager of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (United States); Munro and Makins (United Kingdom), and Wrong and Stone (Canada); its discussions are described in Hewlett and Duncan, pp. 281–282.↩
- Tab B is not printed.↩
- Reference is to the British atomic research and experimental establishment at Harwell, England.↩
- The Proposed Declassification Guide was developed during the United States-British-Canadian declassification conference held in Washington, November 14–16, 1947. Sections I and II were included as Appendix A of the report of the Combined Policy Committee’s Subcommittee on Technical Cooperation, December 12, 1947; for the text of the report (Appendix A is not reproduced), see Foreign Relations, 1947, vol. i, p. 894.↩
- No paragraph “c” appears in the source text.↩